Results for 'Nancy J. Lobaugh'

991 found
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  1.  32
    Functional connectivity of the medial temporal lobe relates to learning and awareness.Anthony Randal McIntosh, M. Natasha Rajah & Nancy J. Lobaugh - 2003 - Journal of Neuroscience 23 (16):6520-6528.
  2.  20
    Revisioning the political: feminist reconstructions of traditional concepts in western political theory.Nancy J. Hirschmann & Christine Di Stefano (eds.) - 1996 - Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.
    Feminist scholars have been remaking the landscape in political theory, and in this important book some of the most important feminist political theorists provide reconstructions of those concepts most central to the tradition of political philosophy. The goal is nothing less than the construction of a blueprint for a positive feminist theory.Many of these papers are completely new; others are extensions of important earlier work; two are reprints of classic papers. The result is a progress report on the continuing feminist (...)
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  3.  78
    The cognitive basis of model-based reasoning in science.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 133--153.
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  4. International dimensions of executive integrity.Nancy J. Adler & Frederick B. Bird - 1988 - In Suresh Srivastva (ed.), Executive integrity: the search for high human values in organizational life. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
     
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  5. Interactive Team Cognition.Nancy J. Cooke, Jamie C. Gorman, Christopher W. Myers & Jasmine L. Duran - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):255-285.
    Cognition in work teams has been predominantly understood and explained in terms of shared cognition with a focus on the similarity of static knowledge structures across individual team members. Inspired by the current zeitgeist in cognitive science, as well as by empirical data and pragmatic concerns, we offer an alternative theory of team cognition. Interactive Team Cognition (ITC) theory posits that (1) team cognition is an activity, not a property or a product; (2) team cognition should be measured and studied (...)
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  6.  30
    Intentionality.Nancy J. Holland - 1986 - Noûs 20 (1):103-108.
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  7.  73
    From Maxwell to Microphysics: Aspects of Electromagnetic Theory in the Last Quarter of the Nineteenth Century. Jed Z. Buchwald.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (3):489-490.
  8.  97
    Creating Scientific Concepts.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2008 - MIT Press.
    How do novel scientific concepts arise? In Creating Scientific Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to answer this central but virtually unasked question in the problem of conceptual change. She argues that the popular image of novel concepts and profound insight bursting forth in a blinding flash of inspiration is mistaken. Instead, novel concepts are shown to arise out of the interplay of three factors: an attempt to solve specific problems; the use of conceptual, analytical, and material resources provided by the (...)
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  9. Theological reflection and spiritual direction.Nancy J. Ault - 2013 - The Australasian Catholic Record 90 (1):81.
    Ault, Nancy J Spiritual direction is at risk in a society which is turning increasingly to personal feelings to validate experience and justify decision making. An appeal to feelings and emotions enables marketers to sell religion and spirituality as consumer products. As a product among many, the wider contexts of religion and spirituality may fade from consciousness and be lost. In such a 'pick and mix' culture, as well as losing sight of the embodied nature of understanding, what may (...)
     
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  10.  45
    Rethinking the therapeutic misconception: social justice, patient advocacy, and cancer clinical trial recruitment in the US safety net.Nancy J. Burke - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):68.
    Approximately 20% of adult cancer patients are eligible to participate in a clinical trial, but only 2.5-9% do so. Accrual is even less for minority and medically underserved populations. As a result, critical life-saving treatments and quality of life services developed from research studies may not address their needs. This study questions the utility of the bioethical concern with therapeutic misconception (TM), a misconception that occurs when research subjects fail to distinguish between clinical research and ordinary treatment, and therefore attribute (...)
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  11.  73
    Faraday to Einstein: constructing meaning in scientific theories.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1984 - Hingham, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    PARTI The Philosophical Situation: A Critical Appraisal We must begin with the mistake and find out the truth in it. That is, we must uncover the source of ...
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  12.  32
    Always Having to Say You're Sorry: an ethical response to making mistakes in professional practice.Nancy J. Crigger - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (6):568-576.
    Efforts to decrease errors in health care are directed at prevention rather than at managing a situation when a mistake has occurred. Consequently, nurses and other health care providers may not know how to respond properly and may lack sufficient support to make a healthy recovery from the mental anguish and emotional suffering that often accompany making mistakes. This article explores the conceptualization of mistakes and the ethical response to making a mistake. There are three parts to an ethical response (...)
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  13.  57
    Towards understanding the nature of conflict of interest and its application to the discipline of nursing.Nancy J. Crigger - 2009 - Nursing Philosophy 10 (4):253-262.
    Most incidences of dishonesty in research, financial investments that promote personal financial gain, and kickback scandals begin as conflicts of interest (COI). Research indicates that healthcare professionals who maintain COI relationships make less optimal and more expensive patient care choices. The discovery of COI relationships also negatively impact patient and public trust. Many disciplines are addressing this professional issue, but little work has been done towards understanding and applying this moral category within a nursing context. Do COIs occur in nursing (...)
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  14.  90
    A Feminist Interpretation of Vulnerability.Nancy J. Annaromao - 1996 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 3 (1):1-7.
    Under patriarchy, the rationally autonomous agent engages in contractual relations in a marketplace society. The contractual model reinforces a negative conception of the vulnerable as weak and as susceptible to injury and exploitation. Recent feminist writing has a positive notion of vulnerability that is in conflict with contractualism. Positive notions of vulnerability, the paper argues, are found in Virginia Held’s conception of mothering, Nel Noddings’ analysis of teaching, and Annette Baier’s development of trust as essential for social relationships.
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  15.  37
    Fundamentalism, Multiculturalism and Problems of Conducting Research with Populations in Developing Nations.Nancy J. Crigger, Lygia Holcomb & Joanne Weiss - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (5):459-468.
    A growing number of nurse researchers travel globally to conduct research in poor and underserved populations in developing nations. These researchers, while well versed in research ethics, often find it difficult to apply traditional ethical standards to populations in developing countries. The problem of applying ethical standards across cultures is explained by a long-standing debate about the nature of ethical principles. Fundamentalism is the philosophical stance that ethical principles are universal, while the anthropologically-based ‘multicultural’ model claims the philosophical position that (...)
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  16.  13
    Contextualizing “Choice” for Undocumented Immigrants in U.S. Clinical Trials Research.Nancy J. Burke - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):72-74.
  17.  24
    Towards a Viable and Just Global Nursing Ethics.Nancy J. Crigger - 2008 - Nursing Ethics 15 (1):17-27.
    Globalization, an outgrowth of technology, while informing us about people throughout the world, also raises our awareness of the extreme economic and social disparities that exist among nations. As part of a global discipline, nurses are vitally interested in reducing and eliminating disparities so that better health is achieved for all people. Recent literature in nursing encourages our discipline to engage more actively with social justice issues. Justice in health care is a major commitment of nursing; thus questions in the (...)
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  18. Faraday to Einstein: Constructing Meaning in Scientific Theories.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (4):575-577.
     
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  19.  39
    Rethinking Ethnography for Philosophy of Science.Nancy J. Nersessian & Miles MacLeod - 2022 - Philosophy of Science 89 (4):721-741.
    We lay groundwork for applying ethnographic methods in philosophy of science. We frame our analysis in terms of two tasks: to identify the benefits of an ethnographic approach in philosophy of science and to structure an ethnographic approach for philosophical investigation best adapted to provide information relevant to philosophical interests and epistemic values. To this end, we advocate for a purpose-guided form of cognitive ethnography that mediates between the explanatory and normative interests of philosophy of science, while maintaining openness and (...)
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  20.  52
    Model-based reasoning in conceptual change.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1999 - In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery. Kluwer/Plenum. pp. 5--22.
  21.  46
    Empirical Philosophy of Science: Introducing Qualitative Methods into Philosophy of Science.Hanne Andersen, Nancy J. Nersessian & Susann Wagenknecht (eds.) - 2015 - Cham: Springer International Publishing.
    The book examines the emerging approach of using qualitative methods, such as interviews and field observations, in the philosophy of science. Qualitative methods are gaining popularity among philosophers of science as more and more scholars are resorting to empirical work in their study of scientific practices. At the same time, the results produced through empirical work are quite different from those gained through the kind of introspective conceptual analysis more typical of philosophy. This volume explores the benefits and challenges of (...)
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  22.  35
    From behind the Couch: Uncertainty and indeterminacy in psychoanalytic theory and practice.Nancy J. Chodorow - 2003 - Common Knowledge 9 (3):463-487.
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  23.  18
    Public Perceptions of Health Care Professionals' Participation in Pharmaceutical Marketing.Nancy J. Crigger, Laura Courter, Kristen Hayes & K. Shepherd - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (5):647-658.
    Trust in the nurse—patient relationship is maintained not by how professionals perceive their actions but rather by how the public perceives them. However, little is known about the public's view of nurses and other health care professionals who participate in pharmaceutical marketing. Our study describes public perceptions of health care providers' role in pharmaceutical marketing and compares their responses with those of a random sample of licensed family nurse practitioners. The family nurse practitioners perceived their participation in marketing activities as (...)
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  24.  95
    In the Theoretician's Laboratory: Thought Experimenting as Mental Modeling.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:291 - 301.
    Thought experiments have played a prominent role in numerous cases of conceptual change in science. I propose that research in cognitive psychology into the role of mental modeling in narrative comprehension can illuminate how and why thought experiments work. In thought experimenting a scientist constructs and manipulates a mental simulation of the experimental situation. During this process, she makes use of inferencing mechanisms, existing representations, and general world knowledge to make realistic transformations from one possible physical state to the next. (...)
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  25.  19
    Rethinking correspondence: how the process of constructing models leads to discoveries and transfer in the bioengineering sciences.Nancy J. Nersessian & Sanjay Chandrasekharan - 2017 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 21):1-30.
    Building computational models of engineered exemplars, or prototypes, is a common practice in the bioengineering sciences. Computational models in this domain are often built in a patchwork fashion, drawing on data and bits of theory from many different domains, and in tandem with actual physical models, as the key objective is to engineer these prototypes of natural phenomena. Interestingly, such patchy model building, often combined with visualizations, whose format is open to a wide range of choice, leads to the discovery (...)
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  26.  9
    Oh No! Not Another Journal.Nancy J. Brent - 1999 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 1 (1):5-6.
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  27.  11
    The Legal Forum.Nancy J. Brent - 2002 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 4 (3):45-47.
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  28.  83
    Diana Described: Scattered Woman and Scattered Rhyme.Nancy J. Vickers - 1981 - Critical Inquiry 8 (2):265-279.
    The import of Petrarch's description of Laura extends well beyond the confines of his own poetic age; in subsequent times, his portrayal of feminine beauty became authoritative. As a primary canonical text, the Rime sparse consolidated and disseminated a Renaissance mode. Petrarch absorbed a complex network of descriptive strategies and then presented a single, transformed model. In this sense his role in the history of the interpretation and the internalization of woman's "image" by both men and women can scarcely be (...)
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  29. Gender, Class, and Freedom in Modern Political Theory.Nancy J. Hirschmann - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (4):582-585.
  30. Conceptual change in science and in science education.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1989 - Synthese 80 (1):163 - 183.
    There is substantial evidence that traditional instructional methods have not been successful in helping students to restructure their commonsense conceptions and learn the conceptual structures of scientific theories. This paper argues that the nature of the changes and the kinds of reasoning required in a major conceptual restructuring of a representation of a domain are fundamentally the same in the discovery and in the learning processes. Understanding conceptual change as it occurs in science and in learning science will require the (...)
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  31.  30
    Gender, Class, and Freedom in Modern Political Theory.Nancy J. Hirschmann - 2007 - Princeton University Press.
    In Gender, Class, and Freedom in Modern Political Theory, Nancy Hirschmann demonstrates not merely that modern theories of freedom are susceptible to gender and class analysis but that they must be analyzed in terms of gender and class in order to be understood at all. Through rigorous close readings of major and minor works of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Mill, Hirschmann establishes and examines the gender and class foundations of the modern understanding of freedom. Building on a social (...)
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  32.  40
    Should physicists preach what they practice?Nancy J. Nersessian - 1995 - Science & Education 4 (3):203-226.
  33. Thought Experimenting as Mental Modeling.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2007 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):125-161.
    The paper argues that the practice of thought experintenting enables scientists to follow through the implications of a way of representing nature by simulating an exemplary or representative situation that is feasible within that representation. What distinguishes thought experimenting from logical argument and other forms of propositional reasoning is that reasoning by means of a thought experiment involves constructing and simulating a mental model of a representative situation. Although thought experimenting is a creative part of scientific practice, it is a (...)
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  34.  90
    A possible role for cholinergic neurons of the basal forebrain and pontomesencephalon in consciousness.Nancy J. Woolf - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (4):574-596.
    Excitation at widely dispersed loci in the cerebral cortex may represent a neural correlate of consciousness. Accordingly, each unique combination of excited neurons would determine the content of a conscious moment. This conceptualization would be strengthened if we could identify what orchestrates the various combinations of excited neurons. In the present paper, cholinergic afferents to the cerebral cortex are hypothesized to enhance activity at specific cortical circuits and determine the content of a conscious moment by activating certain combinations of postsynaptic (...)
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  35.  77
    A quantum approach to visual consciousness.Nancy J. Woolf & Stuart R. Hameroff - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (11):472-478.
    A theoretical approach relying on quantum computation in microtubules within neurons can potentially resolve the enigmatic features of visual consciousness, but raises other questions. For example, how can delicate quantum states, which in the technological realm demand extreme cold and isolation to avoid environmental ‘decoherence’, manage to survive in the warm, wet brain? And if such states could survive within neuronal cell interiors, how could quantum states grow to encompass the whole brain? We present a physiological model for visual consciousness (...)
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  36. Isn't All of Oncology Hermeneutic?Nancy J. Moules, David W. Jardine, Graham P. McCaffrey & Christopher B. Brown - 2013 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 2013 (1).
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  37.  27
    Conducting hermeneutic research: from philosophy to practice.Nancy J. Moules (ed.) - 2015 - New York: Peter Lang Publishing.
    <I>Conducting Hermeneutic Research: From Philosophy to Practice is the only textbook that teaches the reader ways to conduct research from a philosophical hermeneutic perspective. It is an invaluable resource for graduate students about to embark in hermeneutic research and for academics or other researchers who are novice to this research method or who wish to extend their knowledge. In 2009, the lead author of this proposed text was one of three co-founders of the Canadian Hermeneutic Institute. The institute was created (...)
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  38.  46
    Symposium on Nancy J. Hirschmann's The Subject of Liberty: Toward a Feminist Theory of Freedom: Introduction.Nancy J. Hirschmann - 2001 - Hypatia 21 (4):178-181.
  39.  52
    Building Cognition: The Construction of Computational Representations for Scientific Discovery.Sanjay Chandrasekharan & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (8):1727-1763.
    Novel computational representations, such as simulation models of complex systems and video games for scientific discovery, are dramatically changing the way discoveries emerge in science and engineering. The cognitive roles played by such computational representations in discovery are not well understood. We present a theoretical analysis of the cognitive roles such representations play, based on an ethnographic study of the building of computational models in a systems biology laboratory. Specifically, we focus on a case of model-building by an engineer that (...)
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  40.  21
    Making room for grief: walking backwards and living forward.Nancy J. Moules, Kari Simonson, Mark Prins, Paula Angus & Janice M. Bell - 2004 - Nursing Inquiry 11 (2):99-107.
    In this paper, the authors describe an aspect of a program of research around grief and clinical practice. The first phase of the study involves examination of experiences of grief with attention to troublesome or problematic beliefs that fuel the extent of suffering in the bereaved. The data, obtained from a review of videotaped clinical interviews with families seen in the Family Nursing Unit at the University of Calgary, were analyzed according to philosophical hermeneutic tradition. Findings suggest that grief is (...)
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  41. How Do Engineering Scientists Think? Model‐Based Simulation in Biomedical Engineering Research Laboratories.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):730-757.
    Designing, building, and experimenting with physical simulation models are central problem‐solving practices in the engineering sciences. Model‐based simulation is an epistemic activity that includes exploration, generation and testing of hypotheses, explanation, and inference. This paper argues that to interpret and understand how these simulation models function in creating knowledge and technologies requires construing problem solving as accomplished by a researcher–artifact system. It draws on and further develops the framework of “distributed cognition” to interpret data collected in ethnographic and cognitive‐historical studies (...)
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  42.  12
    Is it Really “Yesterday’s War”? What Gadamer Has to Say About What Gets Counted.Nancy J. Moules, Lorraine Venturato, Catherine M. Laing & James C. Field - 2017 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 2017 (1).
    In this paper, the authors address the perceived recent trend of funding and publishing bodies that seem to have taken a regard of qualitative research as a subordinate to, or even a subset of, quantitative research. In this reflection, they pull on insights that Hans-Georg Gadamer offered around the history of the natural and human science bifurcation, ending with a plea that qualitative research needs to be received, appraised, judged, and promoted by different lenses and criteria of value.
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  43. Heidegger and the problem of consciousness.Nancy J. Holland - 2018 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press, Office of Scholarly Publishing, Herman B Wells Library.
    Charlemagne's monogram -- Introduction -- The problem of consciousness -- The earliest vision -- Truth, being, and mind -- The Kehre -- The essence of truth -- The later Heidegger -- Reading Heidegger after Heidegger -- Being not a soul but the unmediated discovery of being.
     
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  44.  22
    Innovation in Higher Education: Lessons Learned from Creating a Faculty Fellowship Program.Nancy J. Kaufman & Charity Scott - 2016 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 44 (s1):97-106.
    This concluding essay offers reflections on core components of the faculty fellowship program, its outcomes and results, and program design and administration. Amid the current calls for reform in legal and other professional education, the lessons we learned and perspectives we gained during this fellowship program may be relevant to any faculty members and university administrations that are seeking to create more effective and engaged professional and graduate school programs, whatever may be their subject-matter discipline.
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  45.  21
    Feminist Interpretations of Martin Heidegger.Nancy J. Holland & Patricia J. Huntington (eds.) - 2001 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Martin Heidegger's commitment to the idea that _Dasein_ is ultimately gender neutral, as well as several other major aspects of his thought, raises significant questions for feminist philosophers. The fourteen essays included in this volume clearly illustrate the ways in which feminist readings can deepen our understanding of his philosophy. They illuminate both the richness and the limitations of the resources his work can provide for feminist thought. This volume engages the full scope of Heidegger's writings from_ Being and Time (...)
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  46. Interdisciplinarity in the Making: Models and Methods in Frontier Science.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2022 - Cambridge, MA: MIT.
    A cognitive ethnography of how bioengineering scientists create innovative modeling methods. In this first full-scale, long-term cognitive ethnography by a philosopher of science, Nancy J. Nersessian offers an account of how scientists at the interdisciplinary frontiers of bioengineering create novel problem-solving methods. Bioengineering scientists model complex dynamical biological systems using concepts, methods, materials, and other resources drawn primarily from engineering. They aim to understand these systems sufficiently to control or intervene in them. What Nersessian examines here is how cutting-edge (...)
  47.  91
    Toward a Feminist Theory of Freedom.Nancy J. Hirschmann - 1996 - Political Theory 24 (1):46-67.
  48.  51
    The Process of science: contemporary philosophical approaches to understanding scientific practice.Nancy J. Nersessian (ed.) - 1987 - Hingham, MA, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    ' this volume will make a significant contribution to a more adequate understanding of the 'nature of scientific knowledge and inquiry' ' ISIS Vol.79,No.1,1988.
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  49. Mental Modeling in Conceptual Change.Nancy J. Nersessian - 2010 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 3 (1):11-48.
  50.  54
    Aether/Or: The Creation of Scientific Concepts.Nancy J. Nersessian - 1984 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 15 (3):175.
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