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Nancy Tuana
Pennsylvania State University
  1. Why Simpler Computer Simulation Models Can Be Epistemically Better for Informing Decisions.Casey Helgeson, Vivek Srikrishnan, Klaus Keller & Nancy Tuana - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    For computer simulation models to usefully inform climate risk management decisions, uncertainties in model projections must be explored and characterized. Because doing so requires running the model many times over, and because computing resources are finite, uncertainty assessment is more feasible using models that need less computer processor time. Such models are generally simpler in the sense of being more idealized, or less realistic. So modelers face a trade-off between realism and extent of uncertainty quantification. Seeing this trade-off for the (...)
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  2. Race and Epistemologies of Ignorance.Shannon Sullivan & Nancy Tuana (eds.) - 2007 - State Univ of New York Pr.
    Leading scholars explore how different forms of ignorance are produced and sustained, and the role they play in knowledge practices.
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  3. Sulfate Aerosol Geoengineering: The Question of Justice.Toby Svoboda, Klaus Keller, Marlos Goes & Nancy Tuana - 2011 - Public Affairs Quarterly 25 (3):157-180.
    Some authors have called for increased research on various forms of geoengineering as a means to address global climate change. This paper focuses on the question of whether a particular form of geoengineering, namely deploying sulfate aerosols in the stratosphere to counteract some of the effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations, would be a just response to climate change. In particular, we examine problems sulfate aerosol geoengineering (SAG) faces in meeting the requirements of distributive, intergenerational, and procedural justice. We argue (...)
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  4.  63
    The Speculum of Ignorance: The Women's Health Movement and Epistemologies of Ignorance.Nancy Tuana - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (3):1-19.
    This essay aims to clarify the value of developing systematic studies of ignorance as a component of any robust theory of knowledge. The author employs feminist efforts to recover and create knowledge of women's bodies in the contemporary women's health movement as a case study for cataloging different types of ignorance and shedding light on the nature of their production. She also helps us understand the ways resistance movements can be a helpful site for understanding how to identify, critique, and (...)
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  5. Towards Integrated Ethical and Scientific Analysis of Geoengineering: A Research Agenda.Nancy Tuana, Ryan L. Sriver, Toby Svoboda, Roman Olson, Peter J. Irvine, Jacob Haqq-Misra & Klaus Keller - 2012 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 15 (2):136 - 157.
    Concerns about the risks of unmitigated greenhouse gas emissions are growing. At the same time, confidence that international policy agreements will succeed in considerably lowering anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions is declining. Perhaps as a result, various geoengineering solutions are gaining attention and credibility as a way to manage climate change. Serious consideration is currently being given to proposals to cool the planet through solar-radiation management. Here we analyze how the unique and nontrivial risks of geoengineering strategies pose fundamental questions at (...)
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  6.  58
    Embedding Philosophers in the Practices of Science: Bringing Humanities to the Sciences.Nancy Tuana - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1955-1973.
    The National Science Foundation (NSF) in the United States, like many other funding agencies all over the globe, has made large investments in interdisciplinary research in the sciences and engineering, arguing that interdisciplinary research is an essential resource for addressing emerging problems, resulting in important social benefits. Using NSF as a case study for problem that might be relevant in other contexts as well, I argue that the NSF itself poses a significant barrier to such research in not sufficiently appreciating (...)
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  7.  26
    Coming to Understand: Orgasm and the Epistemology of Ignorance.Nancy Tuana - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (1):194-232.
    Lay understanding and scientific accounts of female sexuality and orgasm provide a fertile site for demonstrating the importance of including epistemologies of ignorance within feminist epistemologies. Ignorance is not a simple lack. It is often constructed, maintained, and disseminated and is linked to issues of cognitive authority, doubt, trust, silencing, and uncertainty. Studying both feminist and nonfeminist understandings of female orgasm reveals practices that suppress or erase bodies of knowledge concerning women's sexual pleasures.
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  8.  52
    Leading with Ethics, Aiming for Policy: New Opportunities for Philosophy of Science.Nancy Tuana - 2010 - Synthese 177 (3):471 - 492.
    The goal of this paper is to articulate and advocate for an enhanced role for philosophers of science in the domain of science policy as well as within the science curriculum. I argue that philosophy of science as a field can learn from the successes as well as the mistakes of bioethics and begin to develop a new model that includes robust contributions to the science classroom, research collaborations with scientists, and a role for public philosophy through involvement in science (...)
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  9. Coming to Understand: Orgasm and the Epistemology of Ignorance.Nancy Tuana - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (1):194-232.
    : Lay understanding and scientific accounts of female sexuality and orgasm provide a fertile site for demonstrating the importance of including epistemologies of ignorance within feminist epistemologies. Ignorance is not a simple lack. It is often constructed, maintained, and disseminated and is linked to issues of cognitive authority, doubt, trust, silencing, and uncertainty. Studying both feminist and nonfeminist understandings of female orgasm reveals practices that suppress or erase bodies of knowledge concerning women's sexual pleasures.
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  10.  33
    The Less Noble Sex Scientific, Religious, and Philosophical Conceptions of Woman's Nature.Nancy Tuana - 1993
    "This highly-readable work traces a set of beliefs about the nature of woman that have informed, and in turn have been reinforced by, science, religion, and philosophy from the classical period to the nineteenth century.... [T]his book’s analysis lends support to claims that the gender system affected our very conceptions of science." —Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences "An important book for the educated general public as well as for scholars in many disciplines. Highly recommended." —Library Journal "Students (...)
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  11. The Speculum of Ignorance: The Women's Health Movement and Epistemologies of Ignorance.Nancy Tuana - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (3):1-19.
    : This essay aims to clarify the value of developing systematic studies of ignorance as a component of any robust theory of knowledge. The author employs feminist efforts to recover and create knowledge of women's bodies in the contemporary women's health movement as a case study for cataloging different types of ignorance and shedding light on the nature of their production. She also helps us understand the ways resistance movements can be a helpful site for understanding how to identify, critique, (...)
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  12. Intrinsic Ethics Regarding Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Management.Erich W. Schienke, Seth D. Baum, Nancy Tuana, Kenneth J. Davis & Klaus Keller - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):503-523.
    In this essay we develop and argue for the adoption of a more comprehensive model of research ethics than is included within current conceptions of responsible conduct of research (RCR). We argue that our model, which we label the ethical dimensions of scientific research (EDSR), is a more comprehensive approach to encouraging ethically responsible scientific research compared to the currently typically adopted approach in RCR training. This essay focuses on developing a pedagogical approach that enables scientists to better understand and (...)
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  13.  37
    The Role of the National Science Foundation Broader Impacts Criterion in Enhancing Research Ethics Pedagogy.Seth D. Baum, Michelle Stickler, James S. Shortle, Klaus Keller, Kenneth J. Davis, Donald A. Brown, Erich W. Schienke & Nancy Tuana - 2009 - Social Epistemology 23 (3):317-336.
    The National Science Foundation's Second Merit Criterion, or Broader Impacts Criterion , was introduced in 1997 as the result of an earlier Congressional movement to enhance the accountability and responsibility as well as the effectiveness of federally funded projects. We demonstrate that a robust understanding and appreciation of NSF BIC argues for a broader conception of research ethics in the sciences than is currently offered in Responsible Conduct of Research training. This essay advocates augmenting RCR education with training regarding broader (...)
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  14. Engendering Rationalities.Nancy Tuana & Sandra Morgen (eds.) - 2001 - State University of New York Press.
    Cutting edge feminist investigations of rationality.
     
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  15.  70
    Intrinsic Ethics Regarding Integrated Assessment Models for Climate Management.Erich W. Schienke, Seth D. Baum, Nancy Tuana, Kenneth J. Davis & Klaus Keller - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (3):503-523.
    In this essay we develop and argue for the adoption of a more comprehensive model of research ethics than is included within current conceptions of responsible conduct of research (RCR). We argue that our model, which we label the ethical dimensions of scientific research (EDSR), is a more comprehensive approach to encouraging ethically responsible scientific research compared to the currently typically adopted approach in RCR training. This essay focuses on developing a pedagogical approach that enables scientists to better understand and (...)
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  16.  91
    Feminist Interpretations of Plato.Nancy Tuana (ed.) - 1994 - Penn State Press.
    The essays in this anthology explore the full spectrum of Plato's philosophy and are representative of the variety of perspectives within feminist criticism.
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  17. Introduction: Feminist Epistemologies of Ignorance.Nancy Tuana & Shannon Sullivan - 2006 - Hypatia 21 (3):1-19.
    This essay aims to clarify the value of developing systematic studies of ignorance as a component of any robust theory of knowledge. The author employs feminist efforts to recover and create knowledge of women's bodies in the contemporary women's health movement as a case study for cataloging different types of ignorance and shedding light on the nature of their production. She also helps us understand the ways resistance movements can be a helpful site for understanding how to identify, critique, and (...)
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  18. Woman and the History of Philosophy.Nancy Tuana - 1992 - Paragon House.
  19.  57
    The Radical Future of Feminist Empiricism.Nancy Tuana - 1992 - Hypatia 7 (1):100-114.
    I argue that Nelson's feminist transformation of empiricism provides the basis of a dialogue across three currently competing feminist epistemologies: feminist empiricism, feminist standpoint theories, and postmodern feminism, a dialogue that will result in a dissolution of the apparent tensions between these epistemologies and provide an epistemology with the openness and fluidity needed to embrace the concerns of feminists.
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  20.  4
    Toward Decolonial Feminisms: Tracing the Lineages of Decolonial Thinking Through Latin American/Latinx Feminist Philosophy.Emma D. Velez & Nancy Tuana - 2020 - Hypatia 35 (3):366-372.
  21.  20
    Climate Change—Editors’ Introduction.Nancy Tuana & Chris J. Cuomo - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (3):533-540.
  22. The Values of Science: Empiricism From a Feminist Perspective.Nancy Tuana - 1995 - Synthese 104 (3):441 - 461.
    This essay delineates the contributions of feminist critiques of science to contemporary reconstructions of empiricism. I argue that three central tenets arise from feminist attention to the dynamics of gender and oppression in the theories and methods of science: 1) a rejection of the science/politics dichotomy; 2) an acknowledgement of the epistemic import of subjective components of knowledge; and 3) a reconfiguration of the subject of knowledge. These three tenets are illustrated and supported through examples from the history of science.
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  23.  22
    Learning About Forest Futures Under Climate Change Through Transdisciplinary Collaboration Across Traditional and Western Knowledge Systems.Erica Smithwick, Christopher Caldwell, Alexander Klippel, Robert M. Scheller, Nancy Tuana, Rebecca Bliege Bird, Klaus Keller, Dennis Vickers, Melissa Lucash, Robert E. Nicholas, Stacey Olson, Kelsey L. Ruckert, Jared Oyler, Casey Helgeson & Jiawei Huang - 2019 - In Stephen G. Perz (ed.), Collaboration Across Boundaries for Social-Ecological Systems Science. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 153-184.
    We provide an overview of a transdisciplinary project about sustainable forest management under climate change. Our project is a partnership with members of the Menominee Nation, a Tribal Nation located in northern Wisconsin, United States. We use immersive virtual experiences, translated from ecosystem model outcomes, to elicit human values about future forest conditions under alternative scenarios. Our project combines expertise across the sciences and humanities as well as across cultures and knowledge systems. Our management structure, governance, and leadership behaviors have (...)
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  24.  5
    From a Lifeboat Ethic to Anthropocenean Sensibilities.Nancy Tuana - 2020 - Environmental Philosophy 17 (1):101-123.
    To claim that “humans have become a geological agent,” to worry that “humans are interrupting, refashioning, and accelerating natural processes” is to reinforce metaphysical divides—humans and nature, the cultural and the natural. It is furthermore to reinforce all the narratives from which these divides are animated: modernity, colonialization, enlightenment with their attendant discourses of progress, control, and purity. In its place I advocate Anthropocenean sensibilities. Sensibilities in which our attentiveness to influences and exchanges becomes heightened, where we learn to live (...)
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  25. Understanding Scientists' Computational Modeling Decisions About Climate Risk Management Strategies Using Values-Informed Mental Models.Lauren Mayer, Kathleen Loa, Bryan Cwik, Nancy Tuana, Klaus Keller, Chad Gonnerman, Andrew Parker & Robert Lempert - 2017 - Global Environmental Change 42:107-116.
    When developing computational models to analyze the tradeoffs between climate risk management strategies (i.e., mitigation, adaptation, or geoengineering), scientists make explicit and implicit decisions that are influenced by their beliefs, values and preferences. Model descriptions typically include only the explicit decisions and are silent on value judgments that may explain these decisions. Eliciting scientists’ mental models, a systematic approach to determining how they think about climate risk management, can help to gain a clearer understanding of their modeling decisions. In order (...)
     
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  26. Sexuality.Nancy Tuana & Laurie Shrage - 2005 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press.
  27.  36
    Revaluing Science: Starting From the Practices of Women.Nancy Tuana - 1996 - In Lynn Hankinson Nelson & Jack Nelson (eds.), Feminism, Science, and the Philosophy of Science. pp. 17--35.
  28.  15
    The Weaker Seed. The Sexist Bias of Reproductive Theory.Nancy Tuana - 1988 - Hypatia 3 (1):35-59.
    This history of reproductive theories from Aristotle to the preformationists provides an excellent illustration of the ways in which the gender /science system informs the process of scientific investigation. In this essay I examine the effects of the bias of woman's inferiority upon theories of human reproduction. I argue that the adherence to a belief in the inferiority of the female creative principle biased scientific perception of the nature of woman's role in human generation.
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  29.  28
    Climate Change and Human Rights.Nancy Tuana - 2011 - In Thomas Cushman (ed.), Handbook of Human Rights. Routledge. pp. 410.
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  30.  39
    Fleshing Gender, Sexing the Body.Nancy Tuana - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (S1):53-71.
  31. Topics in Feminism.Nancy Tuana - 2004 - In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. The Metaphysics Research Lab. pp. 1--22.
  32.  71
    A Reply to Laura Purdy.Nancy Tuana - 1986 - Hypatia 1 (1):175 - 178.
    This essay is a response to the comments and critique of Laura Purdy to my earlier paper "Re-Fusing Nature/Nurture" (1983, 621-632). In it I re-emphasize that the traditional nature/nurture dichotomy is based upon an unacceptable ontology and briefly note the type of metaphysic that would serve as a more appropriate basis.
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  33.  64
    Fleshing Gender, Sexing the Body: Refiguring the Sex/Gender Distinction.Nancy Tuana - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (S1):53-71.
  34.  34
    Approaches to Feminism.Nancy Tuana - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  35.  38
    The Forgetting of Gender.Nancy Tuana - 2004 - Teaching New Histories of Philosophy:61-85.
  36.  3
    Sciences From Below: Feminisms, Postcolonialities, and Modernities. [REVIEW]Nancy Tuana - 2010 - Isis 101:271-272.
  37.  11
    What Is Feminist Philosophy?Nancy Tuana - 2007 - In George Yancey (ed.), Philosophy in Multiple Voices. pp. 21--21.
  38.  10
    Re-Fusing Nature/Nurture.Nancy Tuana - 1983 - Women's Studies International Forum 6 (6):621–632.
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  39.  31
    Sexual Harassment: Offers and Coercion.Nancy Tuana - 1988 - Journal of Social Philosophy 19 (2):30-42.
  40.  49
    Feminist Perspectives on Science.Barbara Imber & Nancy Tuana - 1988 - Hypatia 3 (1):139 - 144.
    In this issue of Hypatia there is a consensus that science is not value-neutral and that cultural/political concerns enter into the epistemology, methodology and conclusions of scientific theory and practice. In future dialogues the question that needs to be further addressed is the precise role political concerns should play in the formulation of a feminist theory and practice of science.
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  41.  21
    Border Arte Philosophy: Altogether Beyond Philosophy.Nancy Tuana & Charles Scott - 2018 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 32 (1):70.
    Only what has no history is definable.He who fights with monsters should look to it that he himself does not become a monster. And when you gaze long into an abyss the abyss also gazes into you.We enter the silence, go inward, attend to feelings and to the inner cenote, the creative reservoir where earth, female, and water energies merge. Through our artworks we cross the border into other subjective levels of awareness, shift into different and new terrains of Mestizaje.Some (...)
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  42.  32
    Quinn on Duhem: An Emendation.Nancy Tuana - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):456-462.
  43.  42
    Mapping a Research Agenda Concerning Gender and Climate Change: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW]Christina Shaheen Moosa & Nancy Tuana - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (3):677-694.
  44.  83
    Feminism and Philosophy: Essential Readings in Theory, Reinterpretation, and Application.Nancy Tuana & Rosemarie Tong (eds.) - 1995 - Westview Press.
    The past twenty years have seen an explosion of work by feminist philosophers and several surveys of this work have documented the richness of the many different ways of doing feminist philosophy. But this major new anthology is the first broad and inclusive selection of the most important work in this field.There are many unanswered questions about the future of feminist philosophy. Which of the many varieties of feminist philosophy will last, and which will fade away? What kinds of accommodations (...)
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  45.  45
    Letters to the Editor.Sandra Lee Bartky, Marilyn Friedman, William Harper, Alison M. Jaggar, Richard H. Miller, Abigail L. Rosenthal, Naomi Scheman, Nancy Tuana, Steven Yates, Christina Sommers, Philip E. Devine, Harry Deutsch, Michael Kelly & Charles L. Reid - 1992 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 65 (7):55 - 90.
  46.  41
    Secrets of Life, Secrets of Death.Nancy Tuana - 1994 - The Personalist Forum 10 (1):47-49.
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  47.  49
    Taking the Indeterminacy of Translation One Step Further.Nancy Tuana - 1981 - Philosophical Studies 40 (2):283 - 291.
  48.  12
    Nepantla: Writing the In-Between.Charles Scott & Nancy Tuana - 2017 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 31 (1):1.
    And I now call it Nepantla, which is a Nahuatl word for the space between two bodies of water, the space between two worlds. It is a limited space, a space where you are not this or that but where you are changing. You haven’t got into the new identity yet and haven’t left the old identity behind either—you are in a kind of transition. And that is what Nepantla stands for. It is very awkward, uncomfortable and frustrating to be (...)
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  49.  28
    Preface.Nancy Tuana - 2012 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (1):5-6.
  50.  14
    Sandra Harding. Sciences From Below: Feminisms, Postcolonialities, and Modernities. 283 Pp., Bibl., Index. Durham, N.C./London: Duke University Press, 2008. $22.95. [REVIEW]Nancy Tuana - 2010 - Isis 101 (1):271-272.
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