33 found
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  1.  38
    Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues From Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming.Naomi Oreskes & Erik M. Conway - 2010 - Bloomsbury Press.
    The U.S. scientific community has long led the world in research on such areas as public health, environmental science, and issues affecting quality of life. These scientists have produced landmark studies on the dangers of DDT, tobacco smoke, acid rain, and global warming. But at the same time, a small yet potent subset of this community leads the world in vehement denial of these dangers. -/- Merchants of Doubt tells the story of how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists and (...)
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  2. Why Geophysics?Naomi Oreskes & James R. Fleming - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (3):253-257.
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  3.  36
    Verification, Validation, and Confirmation of Numerical Models in the Earth Sciences.Naomi Oreskes, Kristin Shrader-Frechette & Kenneth Belitz - 1994 - Science 263 (5147):641-646.
    Verification and validation of numerical models of natural systems is impossible. This is because natural systems are never closed and because model results are always nonunique. Models can be confirmed by the demonstration of agreement between observation and prediction, but confirmation is inherently partial. Complete confirmation is logically precluded by the fallacy of affirming the consequent and by incomplete access to natural phenomena. Models can only be evaluated in relative terms, and their predictive value is always open to question. The (...)
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  4.  65
    The Scientific Consensus on Climate Change: How Do We Know We 'Re Not Wrong?'.Naomi Oreskes - 2007 - In Joseph F. DiMento & Pamela Doughman (eds.), Climate Change: What It Means for Us, Our Children, and Our Grandchildren. MIT Press. pp. 65.
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  5. Models in the Geosciences.Alisa Bokulich & Naomi Oreskes - 2017 - In Lorenzo Magnani & Tommaso Wayne Bertolotti (eds.), Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science. Springer. pp. 891-911.
    The geosciences include a wide spectrum of disciplines ranging from paleontology to climate science, and involve studies of a vast range of spatial and temporal scales, from the deep-time history of microbial life to the future of a system no less immense and complex than the entire Earth. Modeling is thus a central and indispensable tool across the geosciences. Here, we review both the history and current state of model-based inquiry in the geosciences. Research in these fields makes use of (...)
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  6. Challenging Knowledge: How Climate Science Became a Victim of the Cold War.Naomi Oreskes & Erik M. Conway - 2008 - In Robert N. Proctor & Londa Schiebinger (eds.), Agnotology: The Making and Unmaking of Ignorance. Stanford University Press Stanford, California. pp. 55--89.
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  7.  18
    Climate Change Attribution.Elisabeth A. Lloyd & Naomi Oreskes - 2019 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 56 (1):185-201.
    A specific form of research question, for instance, “What is the probability of a certain class of weather events, given global climate change, relative to a world without?” could be answered with the use of FAR or RR as the most common approaches to discover and ascribe extreme weather events. Kevin Trenberth et al. and Theodore Shepherd have expressed doubts in their latest works whether it is the most appropriate explanatory tool or the way of public outreach concerning climate events (...)
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  8.  6
    Influence and Seepage: An Evidence-Resistant Minority Can Affect Public Opinion and Scientific Belief Formation.Stephan Lewandowsky, Toby D. Pilditch, Jens K. Madsen, Naomi Oreskes & James S. Risbey - 2019 - Cognition 188:124-139.
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  9.  14
    Systematicity is Necessary but Not Sufficient: On the Problem of Facsimile Science.Naomi Oreskes - 2019 - Synthese 196 (3):881-905.
    Paul Hoyningen-Huene argues that what makes scientific knowledge special is its systematic character, and that this can be used to solve the demarcation problem. He labels this STDC: “Systematicity Theory’s Demarcation Criterion.” This paper argues that STDC fails, because there are areas of intellectual activity that are highly systematic, but that the great majority of scientists and historians and philosophers of science do not accept as scientific. These include homepathy, creationism, and climate change denial. I designate these activities “facsimile sciences” (...)
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  10.  21
    Adaptation to Global Warming: Do Climate Models Tell Us What We Need to Know?Naomi Oreskes, David A. Stainforth & Leonard A. Smith - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):1012-1028.
  11.  30
    Why I Am a Presentist.Naomi Oreskes - 2013 - Science in Context 26 (4):595-609.
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  12.  1
    Let’s Make History More Welcoming.Naomi Oreskes - 2016 - Isis 107 (2):348-350.
  13.  24
    Perspectives on Global Warming.Steven Yearley, David Mercer, Andy Pitman, Naomi Oreskes & Erik Conway - 2012 - Metascience 21 (3):531-559.
    Perspectives on global warming Content Type Journal Article Category Book Symposium Pages 1-29 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9639-9 Authors Steven Yearley, ESRC Genomics Policy and Research Forum, University of Edinburgh, Holyrood Road, Edinburgh, EH8 8AQ UK David Mercer, Science and Technology Studies Program, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia Andy Pitman, Climate Change Research Centre, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia Naomi Oreskes, Department of History, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0104, USA Erik Conway, Caltech, (...)
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  14.  6
    Science, Technology and Free Enterprise.Naomi Oreskes - 2010 - Centaurus 52 (4):297-310.
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  15.  32
    The Devil is in the (Historical) Details: Continental Drift as a Case of Normatively Appropriate Consensus?Naomi Oreskes - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (3):pp. 253-264.
    In Social Empiricism, Miriam Solomon proposes a via media between traditional philosophical realism and social construction of scientific knowledge, but ignores a large body of historical literature that has attempted to plough just that path. She also proposes a standard for normatively appropriate consensus that, arguably, no theory in the history of science has ever achieved, including her own ideal type—plate tectonics. And while valorizing dissent, she fails to consider how dissent has been used in recent decades as a political (...)
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  16.  49
    Models All the Way Down.Naomi Oreskes - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):99-104.
    Models all the way down Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-6 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9558-9 Authors Naomi Oreskes, Department of History, University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA 92093-0104, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  17. What We Have Learned About Limiting Knowledge in a Democracy.Peter Galison, Victor S. Navasky, Naomi Oreskes, Anthony Romero & Aryeh Neier - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):1013-1051.
    Aryeh Neier: The topic of this session is "What We Have Learned about Limiting Knowledge in a Democracy," and it says we should discuss "how should we proceed and where should lines be drawn?" I'm going to conduct a conversation in which I will focus on this question of limits. The panel is very distinguished, very diverse, and I think we ought to be able to anticipate a diversity of views. All of our speakers are people who promote freedom of (...)
     
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  18.  7
    Author’s Response.Naomi Oreskes - 2001 - Metascience 10 (2):217-222.
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  19.  20
    Scaling Up Our Vision.Naomi Oreskes - 2014 - Isis 105 (2):379-391.
    Historians have been slow to incorporate the ocean as a focus of study, in part because we have viewed it as standing mostly apart from human societies and activities. Whether that was ever truly the case is arguable, but it is certainly no longer true today. Global climate change and ocean acidification point to the now-pervasive impact of humans on the ocean environment and, conversely, the crucial importance of the ocean in the development of human affairs. Understanding the human effects (...)
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  20.  21
    Review Symposia.Martin Rudwick, Naomi Oreskes, David Oldroyd, David Philip Miller, Alan Chalmers, John Forge, David Turnbull, Peter Slezak, David Bloor, Craig Callender, Keith Hutchison, Steven Savitt & Huw Price - 1996 - Metascience 5 (1):7-85.
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  21.  16
    Oleg A. Godin;, David R. Palmer . History of Russian Underwater Acoustics. Xx + 1,211 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables. Hackensack, N.J.: World Scientific Publishing, 2008. $170. [REVIEW]Elena Aronova & Naomi Oreskes - 2010 - Isis 101 (3):662-663.
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  22.  11
    H. E. Le Grand. Drifting Continents and Shifting Theories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988. Pp. Vi.+ 313. ISBN 0-521-32210-3, £30.00 . ISBN 0-521-31105-5, £10.95. [REVIEW]Naomi Oreskes - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (1):113-115.
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  23.  22
    Science and Security Before the Atomic Bomb: The Loyalty Case of Harald U. Sverdrup.Naomi Oreskes & Ronald Rainger - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (3):309-369.
    In the summer of 1941, Harald Sverdrup, the Norwegian-born Director of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in La Jolla, California, was denied security clearance to work on Navy-sponsored research in underwater acoustics applied to anti-submarine warfare. The clearance denial embarrassed the world renown oceanographer and Arctic explorer, who repeatedly offered his services to the U.S. government only to see scientists of far lesser reputation called upon to aid the war effort. The official story of Sverdrup's denial was the risk (...)
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  24.  8
    Drifting Continents and Colliding Paradigms: Perspectives on the Geoscience Revolution. John A. Stewart.Naomi Oreskes - 1991 - Isis 82 (4):775-776.
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  25.  6
    Drifting Continents and Colliding Paradigms: Perspectives on the Geoscience Revolution by John A. Stewart. [REVIEW]Naomi Oreskes - 1991 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 82:775-776.
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  26.  6
    Gender and Scientific Authority by Barbara Laslett; Sally Gregory Kohlstedt; Helen Longino; Evelynn Hammonds. [REVIEW]Naomi Oreskes - 1998 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 89:522-523.
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  27.  5
    Science and Security Before the Atomic Bomb: The Loyalty Case of Harald U. Sverdrup.Naomi Oreskes & Ronald Rainger - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (3):309-369.
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  28.  5
    History of Science and American Science Policy.Zuoyue Wang & Naomi Oreskes - 2008 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 99:365-373.
    Historians of science have participated actively in debates over American science policy in the post–World War II period in a variety of ways, but their impact has been more to elucidate general concepts than to effect specific policy changes. Personal experiences, in the case of the debate over global warming, have demonstrated both the value and the limits of such involvement for the making of public policy. To be effective, historians of science need to strive for clarity in public expression, (...)
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  29.  3
    Gender and Scientific Authority. Barbara Laslett, Sally Gregory Kohlstedt, Helen Longino, Evelynn Hammonds.Naomi Oreskes - 1998 - Isis 89 (3):522-523.
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  30.  3
    History of Russian Underwater Acoustics. [REVIEW]Elena Aronova & Naomi Oreskes - 2010 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 101:662-663.
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  31.  2
    History of Science and American Science Policy.Zuoyue Wang & Naomi Oreskes - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):365-373.
  32. What We Have Learned About Limiting Knowledge in a Democracy.Peter Galison, Victor Navasky, Naomi Oreskes, Anthony Romero & Aryeh Neier - 2010 - Social Research 77 (2):1013-1051.
    Aryeh Neier: The topic of this session is "What We Have Learned about Limiting Knowledge in a Democracy," and it says we should discuss "how should we proceed and where should lines be drawn?" I'm going to conduct a conversation in which I will focus on this question of limits. The panel is very distinguished, very diverse, and I think we ought to be able to anticipate a diversity of views. All of our speakers are people who promote freedom of (...)
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  33. Why Geophysics?Naomi Oreskes & James R. Fleming - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 31 (3):253-257.
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