Results for 'Nathalie Etchart'

593 found
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  1. Adequate Moods for Non-Eu Decision Making in a Sequential Framework.Nathalie Etchart - 2002 - Theory and Decision 52 (1):1-28.
    In a dynamic (sequential) framework, departures from the independence axiom (IND) are reputed to induce violations of dynamic consistency (DC), which may in turn have undesirable normative consequences. This result thus questions the normative acceptability of non expected-utility (non-EU) models, which precisely relax IND. This paper pursues a twofold objective. The main one is to discuss the normative conclusion: usual arguments linking violations of DC to departures from IND are shown to be actually based on specific (but usually remaining implicit) (...)
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  2. The Puzzle of Cooperation in a Game of Chicken: An Experimental Study. [REVIEW]Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin & Nathalie Etchart-Vincent - 2012 - Theory and Decision 72 (1):65-87.
    The objective of this article is to investigate the impact of agent heterogeneity (as regards their attitude towards cooperation) and payoff structure on cooperative behaviour, using an experimental setting with incomplete information. A game of chicken is played considering two types of agents: ‘unconditional cooperators’, who always cooperate, and ‘strategic cooperators’, who do not cooperate unless it is in their interest to do so. Overall, our data show a much higher propensity to cooperate than predicted by theory. They also suggest (...)
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  3.  15
    Beyond a Human Rights-Based Approach to AI Governance: Promise, Pitfalls, Plea.Nathalie A. Smuha - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (1):91-104.
    This paper discusses the establishment of a governance framework to secure the development and deployment of “good AI”, and describes the quest for a morally objective compass to steer it. Asserting that human rights can provide such compass, this paper first examines what a human rights-based approach to AI governance entails, and sets out the promise it propagates. Subsequently, it examines the pitfalls associated with human rights, particularly focusing on the criticism that these rights may be too Western, too individualistic, (...)
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  4.  2
    En Tout Et Pour Tout.Nathalie Nercam - 2013 - Plato Journal 13:37-50.
    he purpose of this paper is to show that the last part of the Theaetetus can be interpreted in a new way, by a discontinuous and thematic analysis and by referring to the central digression of the dialogue. The refutation of the so-called “Dream Theory” is then no longer a dead end. On the contrary it provides results certainly limited but nevertheless consistent. Indeed, through this examination, Socrates analyzes “the whole.” The words πᾶν and ὅλον, designate the general rule of (...)
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  5. Platforms for Collective Action in Multiple-Use Common-Pool Resources. [REVIEW]Nathalie A. Steins & Victoria M. Edwards - 1999 - Agriculture and Human Values 16 (3):241-255.
    Collective action processes in complex, multiple-use common-pool resources (CPRs) have only recently become a focus of study. When CPRs evolve into more complex systems, resource use by separate user groups becomes increasingly interdependent. This implies, amongst others, that the institutional framework governing resource use has to be re-negotiated to avoid adverse impacts associated with the increased access of any new stakeholders, such as overexploitation, alienation of traditional users, and inter-user conflicts. The establishment of “platforms for resource use negotiation” is a (...)
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  6.  36
    Towards a Theory of Synagonism.Nathalie Karagiannis & Peter Wagner - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (3):235–262.
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  7.  2
    Ethik in Politik Und Verwaltung: Entstehung Und Funktionen Ethischer Normen in Deutschland Und den Usa.Nathalie Behnke - 2004 - Nomos.
    Das Problem der Sicherung von”Ethics in Public Service“ist in den vergangenen Jahren verstärkt ins Bewusstsein der internationalen Öffentlichkeit gedrungen. Bemühungen und Diskussionen um ethische Regeln und Standards haben dementsprechend Konjunktur. In diesem Buch werden Erklärungsfaktoren für die Einführung von Ethik-Maßnahmen in einem theoretischen Konzept systematisch zusammengeführt. Anhand eines dreistufigen Modells der Nachfrage nach Normen, ihrer Funktionen und des Angebots an verfügbaren Normen wird untersucht, warum und mit welcher Zielsetzung welche Ethik-Maßnahmen wann und wo eingeführt wurden. Grundlegende theoretische Annahme ist, dass (...)
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  8.  8
    European Solidarity.Nathalie Karagiannis (ed.) - 2007 - Liverpool University Press.
    Many who evoke the term solidarity are influenced by an underlying sense of urgency and whether the use of the term plays upon an intellectual concept or harnesses solidarity’s more practical expressions, this political buzzword wields influence. _European Solidarity_ proposes a variety of sophisticated historical and theoretical conceptualizations of solidarity, while simultaneously exposing the practical implications of its contemporary expressions. An empirical investigation of solidarity’s crucial challenges in the EU today and a comprehensive consideration of the history of the term (...)
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  9.  8
    Green is the New White: How Virtue Motivates Green Product Purchase.Nathalie Spielmann - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 173 (4):759-776.
    It is important to understand the drivers of green consumption, because of growing concern for the health of the planet. In this paper, the assumption that a virtue-green product relationship exists is tested. The objective is to understand how product morality can influence the valuation of green products. Relying on virtue theory and positive spillover as conceptual bases, the research implicitly and explicitly tests and confirms green product virtue. The results demonstrate that perceived green product virtue leads to positive emotions, (...)
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  10.  1
    tDCS for Memory Enhancement: Analysis of the Speculative Aspects of Ethical Issues.Nathalie Voarino, Veljko Dubljević & Eric Racine - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  11.  33
    Can Analytical Sociology Do Without Methodological Individualism?Nathalie Bulle & Denis Phan - 2017 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 47 (6):379-409.
    The explanatory power of structures in analytical sociologists’ agent-based models brings into question methodological individualism. We defend that from an explanatory point of view, the syntactic properties of models require semantic conditions of interpretation drawn from a conceptual research framework; in such a framework, social/relational structures have only partial, explanatory power ; and taking the explanation further through generative mechanism modeling necessitates calling upon methodological individualism’s generic framework of interpretation that relies on social actors’ rational capacity. According to this interpretive (...)
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  12.  1
    Nathalie Sarraute: Metaphor, Fairy-Tale and the Feminine of the Text.John Phillips - 1994 - Peter Lang.
    Breaking new ground in Sarraute studies, John Phillips reads the novels and plays of Nathalie Sarraute in a hitherto largely neglected critical perspective. Through a detailed analysis of textual metaphors, he demonstrates that Sarraute's writing is informed and inspired by an intensely personal set of desires. Unlike previous criticism, which has stressed the formal aspects of the writing to the exclusion of the psychological, this study exploits contemporary psychoanalytic and feminist theory to expose an unconscious feminine dimension which the (...)
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  13.  2
    Evaluating Abstract Art: Relation Between Term Usage, Subjective Ratings, Image Properties and Personality Traits.Nathalie Lyssenko, Christoph Redies & Gregor U. Hayn-Leichsenring - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  14.  31
    Varieties of Agonism: Conflict, the Common Good, and the Need for Synagonism.Nathalie Karagiannis & Peter Wagner - 2008 - Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (3):323-339.
  15.  62
    Democracy as a Tragic Regime: Democracy and its Cancellation.Nathalie Karagiannis - 2010 - Critical Horizons 11 (1):35-49.
    To see "democracy as a tragic regime", as Cornelius Castoriadis did, is to recognize the ever-present risk of democracy’s cancellation, but it also means to emphasize the anti-democratic nature of such cancellation, thus its incompatibility with democracy. In the context of this understanding of democracy, the article takes the political to consist of those relations among people and among institutions within the polis, which aim at deciding about the polis’ fate. It takes the social to be those relations among people (...)
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  16.  16
    Hierarchies, Networks, and Causality: The Applied Evolutionary Epistemological Approach.Nathalie Gontier - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (2):313-334.
    Applied Evolutionary Epistemology is a scientific-philosophical theory that defines evolution as the set of phenomena whereby units evolve at levels of ontological hierarchies by mechanisms and processes. This theory also provides a methodology to study evolution, namely, studying evolution involves identifying the units that evolve, the levels at which they evolve, and the mechanisms and processes whereby they evolve. Identifying units and levels of evolution in turn requires the development of ontological hierarchy theories, and examining mechanisms and processes necessitates theorizing (...)
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  17. Non-Genetic Inheritance: Evolution Above the Organismal Level.Anton Sukhoverkhov & Nathalie Gontier - 2021 - Biosystems 1 (200):104325.
    The article proposes to further develop the ideas of the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis by including into evolutionary research an analysis of phenomena that occur above the organismal level. We demonstrate that the current Extended Synthesis is focused more on individual traits (genetically or non-genetically inherited) and less on community system traits (synergetic/organizational traits) that characterize transgenerational biological, ecological, social, and cultural systems. In this regard, we will consider various communities that are made up of interacting populations, and for which the (...)
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  18.  87
    VI.—Our Knowledge of Other Minds.Nathalie A. Duddington - 1919 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 19 (1):147-178.
  19.  5
    On How Epistemology and Ontology Converge Through Evolution: The Applied Evolutionary Epistemological Approach.Nathalie Gontier - 2018 - In Wuppuluri Shyam & Francisco Antonio Dorio (eds.), The Map and the Territory: Exploring the Foundations of Science, Thought and Reality. Springer. pp. 533-569.
    We examine how insights made in socio-anthropological and evolutionary schools of thought necessitate us to reevaluate the classic philosophical distinction between epistemology and ontology. We adopt an applied evolutionary epistemological stance and demonstrate that both epistemology and ontology evolve. Epistemology is broadened to include all knowledge and information that all life forms evolve, and ontology encompasses all biologically informed realities that life builds. Through processes such as symbiosis and niche construction, organisms acquire and extend information and knowledge into their offspring, (...)
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  20.  13
    Acquiring Knowledge on Species-Specific Biorealities: The Applied Evolutionary Epistemological Approach.Nathalie Gontier & Michael Bradie - 2017 - In Richard Joyce (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy.
  21.  33
    The Tragic and the Political: A Parallel Reading of Kostas Papaioannou and Cornelius Castoriadis.Nathalie Karagiannis - 2006 - Critical Horizons 7 (1):303-319.
    The fundamental difference between Castoriadis' and Papaioannou's accounts of the link between tragedy and the political is that Castoriadis insists on a political form whilst Papaioannou insists on a social actor. The starting point for this essay, then, are two thinkers: one whose main interest was a political and philosophical reflection on the social-historical and one whose main interest was a philosophical reflection on the arts. Surprisingly, however, the end situation is one where Castoriadis gives us a political explanation of (...)
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  22.  23
    Methods to Assess the Validity of the interRAI Acute Care: A Framework to Guide Clinimetric Testing.Nathalie I. H. Wellens, Koen Milisen, Johan Flamaing & Philip Moons - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):296-306.
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  23.  6
    Reticulate Evolution: Symbiogenesis, Lateral Gene Transfer, Hybridization and Infectious Heredity.Nathalie Gontier (ed.) - 2015 - Springer.
    Written for non-experts, this volume introduces the mechanisms that underlie reticulate evolution. Chapters are either accompanied with glossaries that explain new terminology or timelines that position pioneering scholars and their major discoveries in their historical contexts. The contributing authors outline the history and original context of discovery of symbiosis, symbiogenesis, lateral gene transfer, hybridization or divergence with gene flow, and infectious heredity. By applying key insights from the areas of molecular (phylo)genetics, microbiology, virology, ecology, systematics, immunology, epidemiology and computational science, (...)
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  24.  31
    Imagination and Tragic Democracy.Nathalie Karagiannis & Peter Wagner - 2012 - Critical Horizons 13 (1):12 - 28.
    Cornelius Castoriadis is one of the very few social and political philosophers – modern and ancient – for whom a concept of imagination is truly central. In his work, however, the role of imagination is so overarching that it becomes difficult to grasp its workings and consequences in detail, in particular in its relation to democracy as the political form in which autonomy is the core imaginary signification. This article will proceed by first suggesting some clarifications about Castoriadis’s employment of (...)
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  25. Nathalie Sigot, Bentham et l'economie. Une histoire d'utilite (paris: Economica, 2001), pp. VIII+ 265.Guidi Mel - 2004 - Utilitas 16 (1).
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  26.  97
    Methods to Assess the Reliability of the interRAI Acute Care: A Framework to Guide Clinimetric Testing. Part II.Nathalie I. H. Wellens, Koen Milisen, Johan Flamaing & Philip Moons - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):822-827.
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  27.  9
    Bridging Exercise Science, Cognitive Psychology, and Medical Practice: Is “Cognitive Fatigue” a Remake of “The Emperor’s New Clothes”?Nathalie Pattyn, Jeroen Van Cutsem, Emilie Dessy & Olivier Mairesse - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  28. Hans Jonas Ou la Vie Dans le Monde.NATHALIE FROGNEUX - 2001
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  29.  36
    Do Environmental CSR Initiatives Serve Organizations' Legitimacy in the Oil Industry? Exploring Employees' Reactions Through Organizational Identification Theory.Kenneth Roeck & Nathalie Delobbe - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 110 (4):397-412.
    Little is known about employees' responses to their organizations' initiatives in corporate social responsibility (CSR). Academics have already identified a few outcomes regarding CSR's impact on employees' attitudes and behaviours; however, studies explaining the underlying mechanisms that drive employees' favourable responses to CSR remain largely unexplored. Based on organizational identification (OI) theory, this study surveyed 155 employees of a petrochemical organization to better elucidate why, how and under which circumstances employees might positively respond to organizations' CSR initiatives in the controversial (...)
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  30. What Are the Levels and Mechanisms/Processes of Language Evolution?Nathalie Gontier - 2017 - Language Sciences 1 (63):12-43.
  31.  16
    Nathalie Garric, Julien Longhi (dir.). — L'analyse linguistique de corpus discursifs. Des théories aux pratiques, des pratiques aux théories. Numéro des Cahiers du Laboratoire de Recherche sur le Langage. Clermont-Ferrand : Presses universitaires Blaise-Pascal, 2009, 142 pages, 15 €. [REVIEW]Sylvie Mellet - 2010 - Corpus 9:302-308.
    Ce recueil d’articles fait suite à une journée d’étude organisée à Tours en janvier 2008 et qui avait pour objectif de décrire comment le discours, appréhendé à travers des études de corpus, devient un lieu majeur de l’analyse linguistique et un observatoire de certains faits langagiers susceptibles d’être théorisés comme phénomènes sociaux. Les cadres théoriques sollicités sont variés, mais relèvent tous peu ou prou à la fois du courant énonciativiste francophone et de l’école française de l..
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  32. Cosmological and Phenomenological Transitions Into How Humans Conceptualize and Experience Time.Nathalie Gontier - 2018 - Time and Mind 3 (11):325-335.
  33.  17
    Level of Processing Modulates Benefits of Writing About Stressful Events: Comparing Generic and Specific Recall.Nathalie Vrielynck, Pierre Philippot & Bernard Rimé - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (7):1117-1132.
  34. « Insurmontablement Étranger au Monde » : Le Kleist de Gundolf. Note de Lecture Sur Friedrich GUNDOLF, Heinrich von Kleist.Nathalie Lachance - 2012 - PhaenEx 7 (2):287-295.
  35. Self-Determination in Cyprus: Future Options Within a European Order.Nathalie Tocci - 2003 - In Bruno Coppieters & Richard Sakwa (eds.), Contextualizing Secession: Normative Studies in Comparative Perspective. Oxford University Press.
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  36. Présentation Général.Nathalie Vuillemin - 2012 - In Adrien Paschoud & Nathalie Vuillemin (eds.), Penser l'Ordre Naturel, 1680-1810. Voltaire Foundation.
  37.  23
    Benoît XVI, Les grands maîtres spirituels du Moyen Âge. Paris, Éditions Lethielleux ; Cité du Vatican, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2010 [2009], 170 p. [REVIEW]Nathalie Roberge - 2013 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 69 (1):164.
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  38.  9
    Evolutionary Epistemology as a Scientific Method: A New Look Upon the Units and Levels of Evolution Debate.Nathalie Gontier - 2010 - Theory in Biosciences 2 (129):167-182.
  39.  6
    Rationality As A Meta-Analytical Capacity of the Human Mind: From the Social Sciences to Gödel.Nathalie Bulle - forthcoming - Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Ahead of Print. In contrast to dominant approaches to human reason involving essentially a logical and instrumental conception of rationality easily modeled by artificial intelligence mechanisms, I argue that the specific capacities of the human mind are meta-analytic in nature, understood as irreducible to the analytic or the logical, or else the computational. Firstly, the assumption of a meta-analytical level of rationality is derived from key insights developed in various branches of the social sciences. This (...)
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  40.  2
    Nathalie Garric, Julien Longhi (Dir.). — L’Analyse Linguistique de Corpus Discursifs. Des Théories aux Prat.Sylvie Mellet - 2010 - Corpus 9:302-308.
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  41.  11
    Introduction to Evolutionary Epistemology, Language and Culture.Nathalie Gontier - 2006 - In Nathalie Gontier, Jean Paul Van Bendegem & Diederik Aerts (eds.), Evolutionary Epistemology, Language and Culture: A Non-Adaptationist Systems Theoretical Approach. pp. 1-29.
  42.  9
    What Are the Units of Language Evolution?Nathalie Gontier - 2018 - Topoi 37 (2):235-253.
    Universal Darwinism provides a methodology to study the evolution of anatomical form and sociocultural behavior that centers on defining the units and levels of selection, and it identifies the conditions whereby natural selection operates. In previous work, I have examined how this selection-focused evolutionary epistemology may be universalized to include theories that associate with an extended synthesis. Applied evolutionary epistemology is a metatheoretical framework that understands any and all kinds of evolution as phenomena where units evolve by mechanisms at levels (...)
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  43.  14
    Chronic Kidney Disease: Appropriateness of Therapeutic Management and Associated Factors in the AVENIR Study.Nathalie Thilly, Stéphanie Boini, Michèle Kessler, Serge Briançon & Luc Frimat - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (1):121-128.
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  44.  6
    Drummond e Stella: experiências poéticas.Nathaly Felipe Ferreira Alves - 2019 - Bakhtiniana 14 (2):25-43.
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  45.  2
    Nathalie Sage-Pranchère, Mettre au Monde. Sages-Femmes Et Accouchées En Corrèze au Xixe Siècle | L’École.Michelle Zancarini-Fournel - 2019 - Clio 49:283-284.
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  46. Evolutionary Epistemology.Nathalie Gontier - 2006 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  47.  6
    Toegang tot het recht in de rechtsstaat.Nathalie Franziska Hendrika Schnabl - 2021 - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy 50 (Pre-publications).
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  48.  25
    Danielle Chini, Pascale Goutéraux — Psycholinguistique et didactique des langues étrangères – travaux du geped hommage à Danielle Bailly. Paris / Gap : Ophrys, 2008, 268 pages. [REVIEW]Nathalie Schnitzer - 2011 - Corpus 10:312-320.
    Présentation générale Ce numéro spécial des Cahiers de la recherche, une collection consacrée à la grammaire anglaise de l’énonciation et dirigée par Janine Bouscaren, se présente comme un hommage des membres du geped (Groupe d’études en psycholinguistique et didactique) à Danielle Bailly qui en fut la fondatrice en 1994. L’ouvrage comporte dix-huit contributions, dont certaines collectives, que les éditrices du volume, Danielle Chini et Pascale Goutéraux, ont articulé autour de six chapitres..
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  49. Biosemiotics and Applied Evolutionary Epistemology: A Comparison.Nathalie Gontier & M. Facoetti - 2021 - In In: Pagni E., Theisen Simanke R. (eds) Biosemiotics and Evolution. Interdisciplinary Evolution Research, vol 6. Springer, Cham. Cham: pp. 175-199.
    Both biosemiotics and evolutionary epistemology are concerned with how knowledge evolves. (Applied) Evolutionary Epistemology thereby focuses on identifying the units, levels, and mechanisms or processes that underlie the evolutionary development of knowing and knowledge, while biosemiotics places emphasis on the study of how signs underlie the development of meaning. We compare the two schools of thought and analyze how in delineating their research program, biosemiotics runs into several problems that are overcome by evolutionary epistemologists. For one, by emphasizing signs, biosemiotics (...)
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  50.  1
    Simulation and Architecture: Mapping Building Information Modeling.Nathalie Bredella - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (4):419-441.
    In the 1990s, Building Information Modeling software significantly altered architectural approaches to planning and building. Based on parametric methods, BIM technologies sought to simulate the construction process prior to a building’s realisation. These computer simulations challenged the existing practice of representing a building through plan, section and elevation, proposing that one computational model could create a more efficient way of building. The history of BIM explorations and applications, while hardly linear, can be traced back to developments in computing since the (...)
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