Results for 'Nathalie Mezger'

707 found
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  1.  77
    Allocating resources in humanitarian medicine.Samia A. Hurst, Nathalie Mezger & Alex Mauron - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (1):89-99.
    Fair resource allocation in humanitarian medicine is gaining in importance and complexity, but remains insufficiently explored. It raises specific issues regarding non-ideal fairness, global solidarity, legitimacy in non-governmental institutions and conflicts of interest. All would benefit from further exploration. We propose that some headway could be made by adapting existing frameworks of procedural fairness for use in humanitarian organizations. Despite the difficulties in applying it to humanitarian medicine, it is possible to partly adapt Daniels and Sabin's ‘Accountability for reasonableness’ to (...)
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  2.  58
    Fleshing Out Vulnerability.Nicolas Tavaglione, Angela K. Martin, Nathalie Mezger, Sophie Durieux-Paillard, Anne François, Yves Jackson & Samia A. Hurst - 2013 - Bioethics 29 (2):98-107.
    In the literature on medical ethics, it is generally admitted that vulnerable persons or groups deserve special attention, care or protection. One can define vulnerable persons as those having a greater likelihood of being wronged – that is, of being denied adequate satisfaction of certain legitimate claims. The conjunction of these two points entails what we call the Special Protection Thesis. It asserts that persons with a greater likelihood of being denied adequate satisfaction of their legitimate claims deserve special attention, (...)
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  3. Introduction to Evolving (Proto)Language/s.Nathalie Gontier, Monika Boruta Zywiczyńska, Sverker Johansson & Lorraine McCune - 2024 - Lingua 305 (June):103740.
    Scholarly opinions vary on what language is, how it evolved, and from where or what it evolved. Long considered uniquely human, today scholars argue for evolutionary continuity between human language and animal communication systems. But while it is generally recognized that language is an evolving communication system, scholars continue to debate from which species language evolved, and what behavioral and cognitive features are the precursors to human language. To understand the nature of protolanguage, some look for homologs in gene functionality, (...)
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  4.  3
    Autisme et adolescence.Nathalie Poirier, Catherine Kozminski, Maëlle Adenot, Erika-Lyne Smith, Catherine Taieb-Lachance & Ariane Leroux-Boudreault - 2017 - Les Presses de l’Université de Laval.
    Cet ouvrage est né d'une réalité et d'un besoin. La petite Maëlle, enfant autiste, est devenue adolescente, alors il fallait la suivre pour mieux l'accompagner dans cette nouvelle étape de sa vie. Comme cela arrive chez les autres enfants qui entrent dans l'adolescence, tout est remis en question : les idéaux, l'identité, l'amitié, l'amour. Entre-temps, il y a eu la publication de la cinquième version du Manuel diagnostique et statistique des troubles mentaux (DSM-5). Il fallait donc étudier cette entrée dans (...)
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  5.  16
    Evolving views on the science of evolution.Nathalie Gontier - 2024 - Academic Questions 132 (Spring):26-35.
    As an outcome of scientific thinking, evolutionary theories change in accordance with progress made. Here, we trace the evolution of evolutionary thought through seven different research schools that have arisen since the introduction of Darwin’s Origin of Species. These schools include Darwinism, the Modern Synthesis, Micro-, Meso-, and Macroevolution, Ecology, and Reticulate Evolution. The schools of Darwinism and the Modern Synthesis together lie at the foundation of the Neo-Darwinian paradigm. This paradigm has now expanded into the schools of Microevolution, Mesoevolution, (...)
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  6.  30
    «Topos» en question dans l'introduction du Sophiste.Nathalie Nercam - 2012 - Plato Journal 12.
    Au début du Sophiste, Socrate demande au visiteur éléate ce qu’ont pensé des genres philosophe, sophiste et politique, « ceux » qui sont de ce lieu-là ». L’article a pour but d’éclairer cette dernière expression et en particulier son mot clef « topos ». Il est montré que les significations de ce terme, dans son contexte, sont multiples et que cette diversité, loin d’apporter la confusion, permet au contraire et précisément d’ouvrir les diverses perspectives du dialogue. At the beginning of (...)
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  7. Biosemiotics and Applied Evolutionary Epistemology: A Comparison.Nathalie Gontier & M. Facoetti - 2021 - In Nathalie Gontier & M. Facoetti (eds.), In: Pagni E., Theisen Simanke R. (eds) Biosemiotics and Evolution. Interdisciplinary Evolution Research, vol 6. Springer, Cham. Cham: pp. 175-199.
    Both biosemiotics and evolutionary epistemology are concerned with how knowledge evolves. (Applied) Evolutionary Epistemology thereby focuses on identifying the units, levels, and mechanisms or processes that underlie the evolutionary development of knowing and knowledge, while biosemiotics places emphasis on the study of how signs underlie the development of meaning. We compare the two schools of thought and analyze how in delineating their research program, biosemiotics runs into several problems that are overcome by evolutionary epistemologists. For one, by emphasizing signs, biosemiotics (...)
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  8.  6
    De l'éthique du care_ à l'_ethos_ du _care_: Penser le _care comme modèle culturel émergent.Nathalie Burnay - 2023 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 120 (1):61-81.
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  9.  46
    Complex emergent properties in synchronized neuronal oscillations.Nathalie Corson & M. A. Aziz-Alaoui - 2009 - In Ma Aziz-Alaoui & C. Bertelle (eds.), From System Complexity to Emergent Properties. Springer. pp. 243--259.
  10.  19
    The Oxford Handbook of Human Symbolic Evolution.Nathalie Gontier, Andy Lock & Chris Sinha (eds.) - 2024 - OUP.
    The biological and neurological capacity to symbolize, and the products of behavioral, cognitive, sociocultural, linguistic, and technological uses of symbols (symbolism), are fundamental to every aspect of human life. The Oxford Handbook of Human Symbolic Evolution explores the origins of our characteristically human abilities - our ability to speak, create images, play music, and read and write. The book investigates how symbolization evolved in human evolution and how symbolism is expressed across the various areas of human life. The field is (...)
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  11.  61
    Pattern similarity in biological, linguistic, and sociocultural evolution.Nathalie Gontier - 2018 - In In Cuskley, C., Flaherty, M., Little, H., McCrohon, L., Ravignani, A. & Verhoef, T. (Eds.): The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference (EVOLANGXII).
  12.  56
    Beyond a Human Rights-Based Approach to AI Governance: Promise, Pitfalls, Plea.Nathalie A. Smuha - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (S1):91-104.
    This paper discusses the establishment of a governance framework to secure the development and deployment of “good AI”, and describes the quest for a morally objective compass to steer it. Asserting that human rights can provide such compass, this paper first examines what a human rights-based approach to AI governance entails, and sets out the promise it propagates. Subsequently, it examines the pitfalls associated with human rights, particularly focusing on the criticism that these rights may be too Western, too individualistic, (...)
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  13. Methods to assess the reliability of the interRAI Acute Care: a framework to guide clinimetric testing. Part II.Nathalie I. H. Wellens, Koen Milisen, Johan Flamaing & Philip Moons - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):822-827.
  14.  23
    The Palgrave Handbook of Methodological Individualism: Volume I.Nathalie Bulle & Francesco Di Iorio (eds.) - 2023 - Springer Verlag.
    While methodological individualism is a fundamental approach within the social sciences, it is often misunderstood. This highlights the need for a discursive and up-to-date reference work analyzing this approach’s classic arguments and assumptions in the light of contemporary issues in sociology, economics and philosophy. This two-volume handbook presents the first comprehensive overview of methodological individualism. Chapters discuss historical and contemporary debates surrounding this central approach within the social sciences, as well as cutting edge developments related to the individualist tradition with (...)
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  15. In Cuskley, C., Flaherty, M., Little, H., McCrohon, L., Ravignani, A. & Verhoef, T. (Eds.): The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference (EVOLANGXII).Nathalie Gontier (ed.) - 2018
  16. In: Pagni E., Theisen Simanke R. (eds) Biosemiotics and Evolution. Interdisciplinary Evolution Research, vol 6. Springer, Cham.Nathalie Gontier & M. Facoetti (eds.) - 2021 - Cham:
     
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  17.  6
    Le lecteur, ce voyeur absolu.Nathalie Roelens - 1998 - Atlanta, GA: Rodopi.
    Tout le monde en conviendra : lire n'est pas une activité de tout repos. La vue y est certes sollicitée, et même d'emblée, mais c'est pour aussitôt s'éclipser. S'il était purement vu, le texte (dans son sens étendu d'objet de l'interprétation) ne serait pas encore lu. La lecture proprement dite aura lieu dès l'instant où je cesse de voir ce qui m'est donné à voir pour me faufiler au-delà. J'embrasse à présent une réalité tri-dimensionnelle, je deviens le texte et le (...)
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  18.  10
    Seeing and telling the invisible: problems of a new epistemic category in the second half of the eighteenth century.Nathalie Vuillemin - 2024 - Intellectual History Review 34 (2):389-400.
    The invisible object, in the eighteenth century, is not an evidence. It is the result of textual and semantic learning. Which concrete strategies are used to construct and depict objects out of sight? How do we make them a cognitive reality acceptable to a scientific community? This paper first highlights the conditions for the emergence of a field of microscopic knowledge and its epistemological consequences. Then we consider the microscopic gaze in terms of learning, situated between the act of observation (...)
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  19.  14
    Das Drama der Identität im Film.Nathalie Weidenfeld - 2012 - Marburg: Schüren.
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  20.  10
    Introduction: Beyond the Production of Ignorance: The Pervasiveness of Industry Influence through the Tools of Chemical Regulation.Nathalie Jas, Marc-Olivier Déplaude, Sara Angeli Aguiton, Valentin Thomas & Emmanuel Henry - 2021 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 46 (5):911-924.
    Research on the influence of industry on chemical regulation has mostly been conducted within the framework of the production of ignorance. This special issue extends this research by looking at how industry asserts its interests––not just in the scientific sphere but also at other stages of policy-making and regulatory process––with a specific focus on the types of tools or instruments industry has used. Bringing together sociologists and historians specialized in Science and Technology Studies, the articles of the special issue study (...)
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  21.  17
    tDCS for Memory Enhancement: Analysis of the Speculative Aspects of Ethical Issues.Nathalie Voarino, Veljko Dubljević & Eric Racine - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  22.  16
    Evaluating Abstract Art: Relation between Term Usage, Subjective Ratings, Image Properties and Personality Traits.Nathalie Lyssenko, Christoph Redies & Gregor U. Hayn-Leichsenring - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  23.  14
    Drummond e Stella: experiências poéticas.Nathaly Felipe Ferreira Alves - 2019 - Bakhtiniana 14 (2):25-43.
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  24.  24
    Green is the New White: How Virtue Motivates Green Product Purchase.Nathalie Spielmann - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 173 (4):759-776.
    It is important to understand the drivers of green consumption, because of growing concern for the health of the planet. In this paper, the assumption that a virtue-green product relationship exists is tested. The objective is to understand how product morality can influence the valuation of green products. Relying on virtue theory and positive spillover as conceptual bases, the research implicitly and explicitly tests and confirms green product virtue. The results demonstrate that perceived green product virtue leads to positive emotions, (...)
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  25. Non-genetic inheritance: Evolution above the organismal level.Anton Sukhoverkhov & Nathalie Gontier - 2021 - Biosystems 1 (200):104325.
    The article proposes to further develop the ideas of the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis by including into evolutionary research an analysis of phenomena that occur above the organismal level. We demonstrate that the current Extended Synthesis is focused more on individual traits (genetically or non-genetically inherited) and less on community system traits (synergetic/organizational traits) that characterize transgenerational biological, ecological, social, and cultural systems. In this regard, we will consider various communities that are made up of interacting populations, and for which the (...)
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  26.  50
    Can Analytical Sociology Do without Methodological Individualism?Nathalie Bulle & Denis Phan - 2017 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 47 (6):379-409.
    The explanatory power of structures in analytical sociologists’ agent-based models brings into question methodological individualism. We defend that from an explanatory point of view, the syntactic properties of models require semantic conditions of interpretation drawn from a conceptual research framework; in such a framework, social/relational structures have only partial, explanatory power ; and taking the explanation further through generative mechanism modeling necessitates calling upon methodological individualism’s generic framework of interpretation that relies on social actors’ rational capacity. According to this interpretive (...)
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  27.  8
    Pindar's Siegeslieder.B. L. G. & Friedrich Mezger - 1881 - American Journal of Philology 2 (8):497.
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  28.  12
    Simulation und Architektur: Modellieren von Gebäudedaten.Nathalie Bredella - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (4):419-441.
    In the 1990s, Building Information Modeling (BIM) software significantly altered architectural approaches to planning and building. Based on parametric methods, BIM technologies sought to simulate the construction process prior to a building’s realisation. These computer simulations challenged the existing practice of representing a building through plan, section and elevation, proposing that one computational model could create a more efficient way of building. The history of BIM explorations and applications, while hardly linear, can be traced back to developments in computing since (...)
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  29.  13
    Simulation and Architecture: Mapping Building Information Modeling.Nathalie Bredella - 2019 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 27 (4):419-441.
    In the 1990s, Building Information Modeling (BIM) software significantly altered architectural approaches to planning and building. Based on parametric methods, BIM technologies sought to simulate the construction process prior to a building’s realisation. These computer simulations challenged the existing practice of representing a building through plan, section and elevation, proposing that one computational model could create a more efficient way of building. The history of BIM explorations and applications, while hardly linear, can be traced back to developments in computing since (...)
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  30.  7
    La critique littéraire de l’art entre 1850 et 1950 : démarche, méthode et style.Nathalie Kremer - 2021 - Nouvelle Revue d'Esthétique 27 (1):29-37.
    Cet article entend cerner la spécificité de la critique littéraire de l’art telle qu’elle fut pratiquée par les écrivains et poètes en France entre 1850 et 1950, dans le sillage de Diderot, à partir d’un examen des écrits sur l’art de Diderot, Baudelaire, Zola, Stendhal, Huysmans, Valéry, Proust, Reverdy, Leiris. Au-delà des différences individuelles de goût, de statut, de sujets traités et de la prolixité discursive évidente dans la pratique, on peut mettre en lumière les points de convergence qui s’observent (...)
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  31.  8
    Methodological Individualism and Methodological Localism: A Discussion with Daniel Little.Daniel Little, Nathalie Bulle & Francesco Di Iorio - 2023 - In Nathalie Bulle & Francesco Di Iorio (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Methodological Individualism: Volume II. Springer Verlag. pp. 633-658.
    This chapter takes the form of a discussion between the editors of this volume and Daniel Little regarding the relationship between methodological individualism and methodological localism. The focus is on Little’s view that methodological individualism is incompatible with the assumption that actors are socially constituted and socially situated as well as on other topics such as micro-foundations, the micro–macro link, ontological individualism, causal explanation, rationality, Bourdieu’s theory of habitus, and Durkheim.
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  32.  16
    Bouche bée.Nathalie Barberger - 2002 - Rue Descartes 4 (4):71-82.
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  33.  8
    Bibliographie des études sur Léon Chestov.Nathalie Baranoff - 1978 - Paris: Institut d'études slaves.
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  34.  7
    Bibliographie des œuvres de Léon Chestov.Nathalie Baranoff - 1975 - Paris: Institut d'études slaves.
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  35.  7
    Juan Santos Yanguas – Gonzalo Cruz Andreotti , Romanización, Fronteras y Etnias en la Roma Antigua. El Caso Hispano.Nathalie Barrandon - 2016 - Klio 98 (1):351-354.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Klio Jahrgang: 98 Heft: 1 Seiten: 351-354.
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  36.  24
    Le réveil des angoisses précoces d'écoulement ou d'assèchement lors de l'apprentissage de la propreté.Nathalie Barabé - 2001 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 152 (2):99-106.
    Le travail de prévention auprès d’enfants en âge d’apprendre la propreté donne parfois à observer, lors de cette étape, un réveil aigu d’angoisses primitives d’assèchement et de liquéfaction qui entravent l’investissement normal de cette fonction et se relient à des vécus périnatals. En deçà de la symbolique d’échange et « d’objet-matières » à donner ou à garder telle que l’a définie Freud, les jeunes enfants associent également cette étape à la perte des eaux et à la naissance, et certains vécus (...)
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  37.  12
    Ethik in Politik und Verwaltung: Entstehung und Funktionen ethischer Normen in Deutschland und den USA.Nathalie Behnke - 2004 - Baden-Baden: Nomos.
    Das Problem der Sicherung von”Ethics in Public Service“ist in den vergangenen Jahren verstärkt ins Bewusstsein der internationalen Öffentlichkeit gedrungen. Bemühungen und Diskussionen um ethische Regeln und Standards haben dementsprechend Konjunktur. In diesem Buch werden Erklärungsfaktoren für die Einführung von Ethik-Maßnahmen in einem theoretischen Konzept systematisch zusammengeführt. Anhand eines dreistufigen Modells der Nachfrage nach Normen, ihrer Funktionen und des Angebots an verfügbaren Normen wird untersucht, warum und mit welcher Zielsetzung welche Ethik-Maßnahmen wann und wo eingeführt wurden. Grundlegende theoretische Annahme ist, dass (...)
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  38.  16
    Crédit et monnaie sociale chez P.J. Proudhon.Nathalie Ferreira - 2011 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 1 (1):91-116.
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  39. Claude Favre de Vaugelas.Nathalie Fournier - 2008 - In Luc Foisneau (ed.), The Dictionary of Seventeenth-Century French Philosophers. Thoemmes.
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  40.  20
    Shikoku’s local authorities and henro during the golden age of the pilgrimage.Nathalie Kouamé - 1997 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 24 (3-4):413-425.
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  41.  18
    Les lignes brisées de l’art. Diderot et Baudelaire devant la peinture.Nathalie Kremer - 2020 - Nouvelle Revue d'Esthétique 25 (1):145-153.
    Dans leurs écrits sur l’art, Diderot et Baudelaire montrent comment les lignes des tableaux dirigent l’œil pour générer un intérêt, voire un choc déclencheur d’une expérience esthétique lorsqu’elles sont brisées. Les rides, fissures, plis qui rompent l’harmonie des figures sont pour Diderot une source profonde d’émotion, tandis que la ligne serpentine est de préférence infléchie en arabesque par Baudelaire. À leur façon, le philosophe et le poète montrent ainsi comment la pensée esthétique moderne se nourrit de ces désordres et irrégularités (...)
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  42.  49
    Towards a theory of synagonism.Nathalie Karagiannis & Peter Wagner - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (3):235–262.
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  43. «Il n'est pas bon que l'homme soit seul»(Genèse, II, 18).Nathalie Prince - 2001 - Iris 22:167-185.
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  44. Peut-on aimer la peur?Nathalie Prince - 2018 - In Jean Birnbaum (ed.), De quoi avons-nous peur? [Paris]: Gallimard.
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  45.  23
    Alain Finkielkraut and the Politics of Cultural Identity.Nathalie Rachlin - 1995 - Substance 24 (1/2):73.
  46.  19
    Francis Ponge, Le Savon, and the Occupation.Nathalie Rachlin & Rosemarie Scullion - 1998 - Substance 27 (3):85.
  47.  41
    Introduction: From Engagé to Indigné: French Cinema and the Crises of Globalization.Nathalie Rachlin & Rosemarie Scullion - 2014 - Substance 43 (1):3-12.
    In 2010, two years after the global financial collapse that triggered the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s, the best-selling publication in France was not that year’s Prix Goncourt,1 Michel Houellebecq’s La carte et le territoire (The Map and the Territory), a novel published by Flammarion, one of Paris’s leading publishing houses. That honor went to Indignez-vous! (Time for Outrage!), a 32-page pamphlet authored by 93-year-old Stéphane Hessel, a former hero of the French Resistance, a concentration (...)
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  48.  43
    The Last Working Class City in France: Gheerbrant’s La république Marseille and Post-Global Cinema.Nathalie Rachlin - 2014 - Substance 43 (1):44-62.
    The title of this essay is not to be taken literally: I will not be making the case that Marseille is actually the last working class city in France. My title is a reference to Chris Marker’s 1993 film The Last Bolshevik (Le Tombeau d’Alexandre), a film about Alexander Medvedkin, one of the pioneers of early Soviet cinema. Medvedkin was the inspiration for the Groupe Medvedkine, a film collective founded by Chris Marker and made up of French militant filmmakers who, (...)
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  49.  19
    Chronic kidney disease: appropriateness of therapeutic management and associated factors in the AVENIR study.Nathalie Thilly, Stéphanie Boini, Michèle Kessler, Serge Briançon & Luc Frimat - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (1):121-128.
  50.  23
    Improving ACE inhibitor use in patients hospitalized with systolic heart failure: a cluster randomized controlled trial of clinical practice guideline development and use.Nathalie Thilly, Serge Briancon, Yves Juilliere, Edith Dufay & Faiez Zannad - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (3):373-382.
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