Results for 'Nathan J. Smischney'

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  1.  15
    Intensive Care Unit Readmission Prevention Checklist: Is It Worth the Effort?Nathan J. Smischney, Kelly A. Cawcutt, John C. O'Horo, Ronaldo A. Sevilla Berrios & Francis X. Whalen - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (4):348-351.
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  2.  38
    Peter Harrison, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and the Problem of Pre‐Modern Religion.Nathan J. Ristuccia - 2016 - Zygon 51 (3):718-728.
    Peter Harrison's Gifford Lectures demonstrate that the modern concepts of “religion” and “science” do not correspond to any fixed sphere of life in the pre-modern world. Because these terms are incommensurate and ideological, they misconstrue the past. I examine the influence and affinities of Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophy on Harrison's study in order to argue that Harrison's project approaches Wittgenstein's. Harrison's book is a therapeutic history, untying a knot in scholarly language. I encourage Harrison, however, to clarify how future scholars can (...)
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  3.  12
    Modeling the Covariance Structure of Complex Datasets Using Cognitive Models: An Application to Individual Differences and the Heritability of Cognitive Ability.Nathan J. Evans, Mark Steyvers & Scott D. Brown - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (6):1925-1944.
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  4.  19
    The Role of the Amygdala in Primate Social Cognition.Nathan J. Emery & David G. Amaral - 2000 - In Richard D. R. Lane, L. Nadel, G. L. Ahern, J. Allen & Alfred W. Kaszniak (eds.), Cognitive Neuroscience of Emotion. Oxford University Press. pp. 156--191.
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  5.  5
    When Humans Behave Like Monkeys: Feedback Delays and Extensive Practice Increase the Efficiency of Speeded Decisions.Nathan J. Evans & Guy E. Hawkins - 2019 - Cognition 184:11-18.
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  6.  35
    On Philosophical Anarchism.Nathan J. Jun - 2016 - Radical Philosophy Review 19 (3):551-567.
  7.  57
    Imaginative Scrub-Jays, Causal Rooks, and a Liberal Application of Occam's Aftershave.Nathan J. Emery & Nicola S. Clayton - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):134-135.
    We address the claim that nonhuman animals do not represent unobservable states, based on studies of physical cognition by rooks and social cognition by scrub-jays. In both cases, the most parsimonious explanation for the results is counter to the reinterpretation hypothesis. We suggest that imagination and prospection can be investigated in animals and included in models of cognitive architecture.
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  8.  10
    Human Dignity in Bioethics: From Worldviews to the Public Square.Stephen Dilley & Nathan J. Palpant (eds.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    _Human Dignity in Bioethics _brings together a collection of essays that rigorously examine the concept of human dignity from its metaphysical foundations to its polemical deployment in bioethical controversies. The volume falls into three parts, beginning with meta-level perspectives and moving to concrete applications. Part 1 analyzes human dignity through a worldview lens, exploring the source and meaning of human dignity from naturalist, postmodernist, Protestant, and Catholic vantages, respectively, letting each side explain and defend its own conception. Part 2 moves (...)
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  9. New Perspectives on Anarchism.Nathan J. Jun & Shane Wahl (eds.) - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    The study of anarchism as a philosophical, political, and social movement has burgeoned both in the academy and in the global activist community in recent years. Taking advantage of this boom in anarchist scholarship, Nathan J. Jun and Shane Wahl have compiled twenty-six cutting-edge essays on this timely topic in New Perspectives on Anarchism.
     
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  10. Contention in Religion and State in Postrevolutionary Egypt.Nathan J. Brown - 2012 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 79 (2):531-550.
  11. Nathan J/Emery.Nicky S. Clayton - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (5):208.
  12. Cognitive Adaptations of Social Bonding in Birds.Nathan J. Emery, Amanda M. Seed, Auguste M. P. Von Bayern & Clayton & S. Nicola - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
     
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  13.  39
    Sensory Exotica: A World Beyond Human Experience by Howard C. Hughes.Nathan J. Emery & Nicky S. Clayton - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (5):208.
  14.  6
    A Comparison of Conflict Diffusion Models in the Flanker Task Through Pseudolikelihood Bayes Factors.Nathan J. Evans & Mathieu Servant - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (1):114-135.
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  15.  3
    Model Flexibility Analysis Does Not Measure the Persuasiveness of a Fit.Nathan J. Evans, Zachary L. Howard, Andrew Heathcote & Scott D. Brown - 2017 - Psychological Review 124 (3):339-345.
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  16.  10
    Refining the Law of Practice.Nathan J. Evans, Scott D. Brown, Douglas J. K. Mewhort & Andrew Heathcote - 2018 - Psychological Review 125 (4):592-605.
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  17.  1
    Systematic and Random Sources of Variability in Perceptual Decision-Making: Comment on Ratcliff, Voskuilen, and McKoon (2018).Nathan J. Evans, Gabriel Tillman & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (5):932-944.
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  18. Science and Serious Theology: Two Paths for Science and Religion's Future?Nathan J. Hallanger - 2010 - Zygon 45 (1):165-176.
    Although they take different approaches, both Taede A. Smedes and Kevin Sharpe have challenged the theology-and-science enterprise and raised important questions about theological and scientific assumptions behind this work. Smedes argues that theology should be taken more seriously, and Sharpe believes that theology should be more scientific. A proposed middle way involves engaging in the dialogue itself and exploring the questions and methodological implications that arise in the context of problem-focused interactions.
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  19. Brill's Companion to Anarchism and Philosophy.Nathan J. Jun (ed.) - 2017 - Brill.
    _Brill’s Companion to Anarchism and Philosophy_ offers a broad thematic overview of the relationship between anarchism and philosophy.
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  20.  99
    Emma Goldman: Political Thinking in the Streets.Nathan J. Jun - 2013 - Contemporary Political Theory 12 (2):e8.
  21. Review of Crispin Sartwell’s, Against the State: An Introduction to Anarchist Political Theory. [REVIEW]Nathan J. Jun - 2011 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 37 (7):845-847.
  22.  13
    Human Dignity and the Debate Over Early Human Embryos.Nathan J. Palpant & Suzanne Holland - 2012 - In Stephen Dilley & Nathan J. Palpant (eds.), Human Dignity in Bioethics: From Worldviews to the Public Square. Routledge. pp. 13--239.
  23.  6
    The Rule of Law in the Arab World: Courts in Egypt and the Gulf.Byron Cannon & Nathan J. Brown - 1999 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 119 (4):709.
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  24.  47
    Prometheus to Proust: The Case for Behavioural Criteria for ‘Mental Time Travel’.Nicola S. Clayton, Timothy J. Bussey, Nathan J. Emery & Anthony Dickinson - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (10):436-437.
  25.  19
    Can Jackdaws (Corvus Monedula) Select Individuals Based on Their Ability to Help?Auguste M. P. von Bayern, Nicola S. Clayton & Nathan J. Emery - 2011 - Interaction Studies 12 (2):262-280.
    Knowing the individual skills and competences of one's group members may be important for deciding from whom to learn (social learning), with whom to collaborate and whom to follow. We investigated whether 12 jackdaws could select conspecifics based on their helping skills, which had been exhibited in a previous context. The birds were tested in a blocked-exit-situation, where they could choose between two conspecifics, one of which could be recruited inside. One conspecific had previously displayed the ability to open the (...)
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  26.  97
    Forget About the Future: Effects of Thought Suppression on Memory for Imaginary Emotional Episodes.Nathan A. Ryckman, Donna Rose Addis, Andrew J. Latham & Anthony J. Lambert - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):200-206.
    Whether intentional suppression of an unpleasant or unwanted memory reduces the ability to recall that memory subsequently is a contested issue in contemporary memory research. Building on findings that similar processes are recruited when individuals remember the past and imagine the future, we measured the effects of thought suppression on memory for imagined future scenarios. Thought suppression reduced the ability to recall emotionally negative scenarios, but not those that were emotionally positive. This finding suggests that intentionally avoiding thoughts about emotionally (...)
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  27. Uniqueness, Evidence, and Rationality.Nathan Ballantyne & E. J. Coffman - 2011 - Philosophers' Imprint 11.
    Two theses figure centrally in work on the epistemology of disagreement: Equal Weight (‘EW’) and Uniqueness (‘U’). According to EW, you should give precisely as much weight to the attitude of a disagreeing epistemic peer as you give to your own attitude. U has it that, for any given proposition and total body of evidence, some doxastic attitude is the one the evidence makes rational (justifies) toward that proposition. Although EW has received considerable discussion, the case for U has not (...)
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  28. Conciliationism and Uniqueness.Nathan Ballantyne & E. J. Coffman - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):657-670.
    Two theses are central to recent work on the epistemology of disagreement: Conciliationism:?In a revealed peer disagreement over P, each thinker should give at least some weight to her peer's attitude. Uniqueness:?For any given proposition and total body of evidence, the evidence fully justifies exactly one level of confidence in the proposition. 1This paper is the product of full and equal collaboration between its authors. Does Conciliationism commit one to Uniqueness? Thomas Kelly 2010 has argued that it does. After some (...)
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  29.  35
    Translators' Introduction.Jesse S. Cohn & Nathan J. Jun - 2007 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 17 (2):86-90.
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  30.  3
    1 Human Dignity in the Throes?Stephen Dilley & Nathan J. Palpant - 2012 - In Stephen Dilley & Nathan J. Palpant (eds.), Human Dignity in Bioethics: From Worldviews to the Public Square. Routledge. pp. 13--1.
  31. Suffering and Bioethics.Ronald M. Green & Nathan J. Palpant (eds.) - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    Before curing was a possibility, medicine was devoted to the relief of suffering. Attention to the relief of suffering often takes a back seat in modern biomedicine. This book seeks to place suffering at the center of biomedical attention, examining suffering in its biological, psychological, clinical, religious, and ethical dimensions.
     
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  32.  21
    Ronald M. Green, Nathan J. Palpant (2014) Suffering and Bioethics: Oxford University Press, Oxford, 482 Seiten, 62,33 €, ISBN 978-0-19-992617-6.Martin Hähnel - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (1):79-82.
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  33.  17
    Coordinates of Extrapersonal Space.J. L. Bradshaw, N. C. Nettleton, J. M. Pierson, L. E. Wilson, G. Nathan & M. Jeannerod - 1987 - In M. Jeannerod (ed.), Neurophysiological and Neuropsychological Aspects of Spatial Neglect. Elsevier Science. pp. 41.
  34.  45
    The Future of Cognitive Neuroscience? Reverse Inference in Focus.Marco J. Nathan & Guillermo Del Pinal - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (7):e12427.
    This article presents and discusses one of the most prominent inferential strategies currently employed in cognitive neuropsychology, namely, reverse inference. Simply put, this is the practice of inferring, in the context of experimental tasks, the engagement of cognitive processes from locations or patterns of neural activation. This technique is notoriously controversial because, critics argue, it presupposes the problematic assumption that neural areas are functionally selective. We proceed as follows. We begin by introducing the basic structure of traditional “location-based” reverse inference (...)
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  35.  24
    From Necessity to Hope: A Continental Perspective on Eschatology Without Telos.J. Aaron Simmons & Nathan R. Kerr - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (6):948-965.
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  36.  78
    The Varieties of Molecular Explanation.Marco J. Nathan - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (2):233-254.
  37.  3
    Urgency, Leakage, and the Relative Nature of Information Processing in Decision-Making.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Andrew Heathcote, Nathan J. Evans & William R. Holmes - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
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  38.  11
    Can Jackdaws Select Individuals Based on Their Ability to Help?Auguste M. P. vonBayern, Nicola S. Clayton & Nathan J. Emery - 2011 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 12 (2):262-280.
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  39. Development and Natural Kinds: Some Lessons From Biology.Marco J. Nathan & Andrea Borghini - 2014 - Synthese 191 (3):539-556.
    While philosophers tend to consider a single type of causal history, biologists distinguish between two kinds of causal history: evolutionary history and developmental history. This essay studies the peculiarity of development as a criterion for the individuation of biological traits and its relation to form, function, and evolution. By focusing on examples involving serial homologies and genetic reprogramming, we argue that morphology (form) and function, even when supplemented with evolutionary history, are sometimes insufficient to individuate traits. Developmental mechanisms bring in (...)
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  40.  78
    A Simulacrum Account of Dispositional Properties.Marco J. Nathan - 2015 - Noûs 49 (2):253-274.
    This essay presents a model-theoretic account of dispositional properties, according to which dispositions are not ordinary properties of real entities; dispositions capture the behavior of abstract, idealized models. This account has several payoffs. First, it saves the simple conditional analysis of dispositions. Second, it preserves the general connection between dispositions and regularities, despite the fact that some dispositions are not grounded in actual regularities. Finally, it brings together the analysis and the explanation of dispositions under a unified framework.
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  41. Mapping the Mind: Bridge Laws and the Psycho-Neural Interface.Marco J. Nathan & Guillermo Del Pinal - 2016 - Synthese 193 (2):637-657.
    Recent advancements in the brain sciences have enabled researchers to determine, with increasing accuracy, patterns and locations of neural activation associated with various psychological functions. These techniques have revived a longstanding debate regarding the relation between the mind and the brain: while many authors claim that neuroscientific data can be employed to advance theories of higher cognition, others defend the so-called ‘autonomy’ of psychology. Settling this significant issue requires understanding the nature of the bridge laws used at the psycho-neural interface. (...)
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  42.  20
    Nathan Söderblom and the Study of Religion: ERIC J. SHARPE.Eric J. Sharpe - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):259-274.
    To the student of the recent history of theological ideas in the West, it sometimes seems as though, of all the ‘new’ subjects that have been intro duced into theological discussion during the last hundred or so years, only two have proved to be of permanent significance. One is, of course, biblical criticism, and the other, the subject which in my University is still called ‘comparative religion’—the dispassionate study of the religions of the world as phenomena in their own right.
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  43. Causation by Concentration.Marco J. Nathan - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (2):191-212.
    This essay is concerned with concentrations of entities, which play an important—albeit often overlooked—role in scientific explanation. First, I discuss an example from molecular biology to show that concentrations can play an irreducible causal role. Second, I provide a preliminary philosophical analysis of this causal role, suggesting some implications for extant theories of causation. I conclude by introducing the concept of causation by concentration, a form of statistical causation whose widespread presence throughout the sciences has been unduly neglected and which (...)
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  44.  43
    Unificatory Explanation.Marco J. Nathan - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (1).
    Philosophers have traditionally addressed the issue of scientific unification in terms of theoretical reduction. Reductive models, however, cannot explain the occurrence of unification in areas of science where successful reductions are hard to find. The goal of this essay is to analyse a concrete example of integration in biology—the developmental synthesis—and to generalize it into a model of scientific unification, according to which two fields are in the process of being unified when they become explanatorily relevant to each other. I (...)
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  45.  50
    Molecular Ecosystems.Marco J. Nathan - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):101-122.
    Biologists employ a suggestive metaphor to describe the complexities of molecular interactions within cells and embryos: cytological components are said to be part of “ecosystems” that integrate them in a complex network of relations with many other entities. The aim of this essay is to scrutinize the molecular ecosystem, a metaphor that, despite its longstanding history, has seldom be articulated in detail. I begin by analyzing some relevant analogies between the cellular environment and the biosphere. Next, I discuss the applicability (...)
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  46. The Essential Peirce: Selected Philosophical Writings.Nathan Houser & Christian J. W. Kloesel - 1993 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 29 (4):728-732.
     
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  47.  8
    The Snooze of Lose: Rapid Reaching Reveals That Losses Are Processed More Slowly Than Gains.Craig S. Chapman, Jason P. Gallivan, Jeremy D. Wong, Nathan J. Wispinski & James T. Enns - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (4):844-863.
  48. Social Cognition by Food-Caching Corvids: The Western Scrub-Jay as a Natural Psychologist.Nicola S. Clayton, Joanna M. Dally & Emery & J. Nathan - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
  49.  8
    The Emergence of Ethical Issues in the Provision of Online Sexual Health Outreach for Gay, Bisexual, Two-Spirit and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men: Perspectives of Online Outreach Workers.Sophia Fantus, Rusty Souleymanov, Nathan J. Lachowsky & David J. Brennan - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):59.
    Mobile applications and socio-sexual networking websites are used by outreach workers to respond synchronously to questions and provide information, resources, and referrals on sexual health and STI/HIV prevention, testing, and care to gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men. This exploratory study examined ethical issues identified by online outreach workers who conduct online sexual health outreach for GB2M. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted between November 2013 and April 2014 with online providers and managers to explore the benefits, (...)
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  50.  1
    An Exploration of the Practice, Policy and Legislative Issues of the Specialist Area of Nursing People with Intellectual Disability: A Scoping Review.Kate O'Reilly, Peter Lewis, Michele Wiese, Linda Goddard, Henrietta Trip, Jenny Conder, David Charnock, Zhen Lin, Hayden Jaques & Nathan J. Wilson - 2018 - Nursing Inquiry 25 (4):e12258.
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