Results for 'Nathan Wales'

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  1. What Does God Know? Supernatural Agents' Access to Socially Strategic and Non-Strategic Information.Benjamin G. Purzycki, Daniel N. Finkel, John Shaver, Nathan Wales, Adam B. Cohen & Richard Sosis - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):846-869.
    Current evolutionary and cognitive theories of religion posit that supernatural agent concepts emerge from cognitive systems such as theory of mind and social cognition. Some argue that these concepts evolved to maintain social order by minimizing antisocial behavior. If these theories are correct, then people should process information about supernatural agents’ socially strategic knowledge more quickly than non-strategic knowledge. Furthermore, agents’ knowledge of immoral and uncooperative social behaviors should be especially accessible to people. To examine these hypotheses, we measured response-times (...)
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  2. Malerische Reise Durch Indien, 1786-1794 Aquarelle von Thomas Und William Daniell, Sowie James Wales Und Henry Salt : [Ausstellung], Sammlung Für Völkerkunde, September 1990 Bis Februar 1991. [REVIEW]Thomas Daniell, James Wales, Henry Salt & Roland Steffan - 1991 - Stiftung St. Galler Museen.
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  3.  85
    The Multiplication of Utility: N. M. L. Nathan.N. M. L. Nathan - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):217-218.
    Some people have supposed that utility is good in itself, non-in-strumentally good, as distinct from good because conducive to other good things. And in modern versions of this view, utility often means want-satisfaction, as distinct from pleasure or happiness. For your want that p to be satisfied, is it necessary that you know or believe that p, or sufficient merely that p is true? However that question is answered, there are problems with the view that want-satisfaction is a non-instrumental good. (...)
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  4.  53
    Substance Dualism Fortified: N. M. L. Nathan.N. M. L. Nathan - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (2):201-211.
    You have a body, but you are a soul or self. Without your body, you could still exist. Your body could be and perhaps is outlasted by the immaterial substance which is your soul or self. Thus the substance dualist. Most substance dualists are Cartesians. The self, they suppose, is essentially conscious: it cannot exist unless it thinks or wills or has experiences. In this paper I sketch out a different form of substance dualism. I suggest that it is not (...)
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  5.  21
    Exclusion and Sufficient Reason: N. M. L. Nathan.N. M. L. Nathan - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (3):391-397.
    I argue for two principles by combining which we can construct a sound cosmological argument. The first is that for any true proposition p's if ‘there is an explanation for p's truth’ is consistent then there is an explanation for p's truth. The second is a modified version of the principle that for any class, if there is an explanation for the non-emptiness of that class, then there is at least one non-member of that class which causes it not to (...)
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  6. Will and World.N. M. L. Nathan - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    Beneath metaphysical problems there often lies a conflict between what we want to be true and what we believe to be true. Nathan provides a general account of the resolution of this conflict as a philosophical objective, showing that there are ways of thinking it through systematically with a view to resolving or alleviating it. The author also studies in detail a set of interrelated conflicts about the freedom and the reality of the will. He shows how difficult it (...)
     
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  7.  25
    Evidence and Assurance.N. M. L. Nathan - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    A systematic study of rational or justified belief, which throws fresh light on current debates about foundations and coherence theories of knowledge, the validation of induction and moral scepticism. Dr Nathan focuses attention on the largely unsatisfiable desires for active and self-conscious assurance of truth liable to be engendered by philosophical reflection about total belief-systems and the sources of knowledge. He extracts a kernel of truth from the doctrine that a regress of justification is both necessary and impossible, contrasts (...)
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  8.  29
    The Price of Doubt.Nicholas Nathan - 2000 - Routledge.
    The Price of Doubt is an important contribution to the problem of scepticism. It offers a new standard for the appraisal of philosophical arguments. Nicholas Nathan confronts the sceptic. He questions the value of his argument and the knowledge it contains and provides a potential remedy to the frustrations of anti-sceptical epistemology.
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  9.  95
    Stoics and Sceptics: A Reply to Brueckner.N. M. L. Nathan - 2004 - Analysis 64 (3):264–268.
  10. On an Argument of Peacocke's About Physicalism and Counterfactuals.N. M. L. Nathan - 1980 - Analysis 41 (3):124-125.
  11. Materialism and Action.N. M. L. Nathan - 1975 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (4):501-511.
  12. Irony and the Artist's Intentions.Daniel O. Nathan - 1982 - British Journal of Aesthetics 22 (3):245-256.
  13.  41
    How Not to Solve It.Amos Nathan - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (1):114-119.
    Six recently discussed problems in discrete probabilistic sample space, which have been found puzzling and even paradoxical, are reexamined. The importance is stressed of a sharp distinction between the formalization of mathematical problems and their formal solution that, applied to probability theory, must lead through the explicit partitioning of a sample space. If this approach is consistently followed, such problems reveal themselves to be either inherently ambiguous, and therefore without solution, or quite straightforward. In both cases nothing remains of any (...)
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  14.  72
    Categories and Intentions.Daniel O. Nathan - 1973 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (4):539-541.
  15.  32
    Self and Will.N. M. L. Nathan - 1997 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 5 (1):81 – 94.
    When do two mental items belong to the same life? We could be content with the answer -just when they have certain volitional qualities in common. An affinity is noted between that theory and Berkeley's early doctrine of the self. Some rivals of the volitional theory invoke a spiritual or physical owner of mental items. They run a risk either of empty formality or of causal superstition. Other rivals postulate a non-transitive and symmetrical relation in the set of mental items. (...)
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  16.  67
    Naturalism and Self-Defeat: Plantinga's Version.N. M. L. Nathan - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (2):135-142.
    In "Warrant and Proper Function" Plantinga argues that atheistic Naturalism is self-defeating. What is the probability that our cognitive faculties are reliable, given this Naturalism and an evolutionary explanation of their origins? Plantinga argues that if the Naturalist is modest enough to believe that it is irrational to have any belief as to the value of this probability, then he is irrational even to believe his own Naturalism. I suggest that Plantinga's argument has a false premise, and that even if (...)
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  17. Direct Realism: Proximate Causation and the Missing Object. [REVIEW]N. M. L. Nathan - 2005 - Acta Analytica 20 (36):3-6.
    Direct Realists believe that perception involves direct awareness of an object not dependent for its existence on the perceiver. Howard Robinson rejects this doctrine in favour of a Sense-Datum theory of perception. His argument against Direct Realism invokes the principle ‘same proximate cause, same immediate effect’. Since there are cases in which direct awareness has the same proximate cerebral cause as awareness of a sense datum, the Direct Realist is, he thinks, obliged to deny this causal principle. I suggest that (...)
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  18. New Books. [REVIEW]Jonathan Barnes, W. von Leyden, David Pole, Anthony Manser, W. H. Walsh, Michael Leahy, Gerard J. Hughes, Guy Robinson, Keith Jones, John Williamson, Alan Motefiore, Dorothy Emmet & N. L. Nathan - 1973 - Mind 82 (326):292-320.
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  19. Conscious Belief.N. M. L. Nathan - 1982 - Analysis 42 (March):90-93.
  20.  27
    A Difficulty About Justice.N. M. L. Nathan - 1971 - Mind 80 (318):227-237.
  21.  31
    The Identity Theory as a Scientific Hypothesis.J. Wolfe & George J. Nathan - 1968 - Dialogue 7 (3):469-72.
  22.  69
    Book Review. The Nature of Perception John Foster. [REVIEW]N. M. L. Nathan - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):455-460.
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  23.  69
    Jewish Monotheism and the Christian God.N. M. L. Nathan - 2006 - Religious Studies 42 (1):75-85.
    Some Christians combine a doctrine about Christ which implies that there is more than one divine self with the doctrine that God revealed to the Jews a monotheism according to which there is just one divine self. I suggest that it is less costly for such Christians to achieve consistency by abandoning the second of these doctrines than to achieve it by abandoning the first.
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  24.  35
    Simple Colours.Nicholas Nathan - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (July):345-353.
    [Colour is king in our innate quality space, but undistinguished in cosmic circles.] Most philosophers would agree with at least the second half of Quine's dictum. It is indeed on the general view wrong to believe that, as qualities, colours are extra-mentally actual in even the humblest role. Mind-independent material things have on the general view powers to cause sensations of red or blue, but if, in [sensations of red or blue], [red] and [blue] name qualities, we are not to (...)
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  25.  64
    `Egalitarianism'.N. M. L. Nathan - 1983 - Mind 92 (367):413-416.
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  26.  27
    The Fallacy of Intrinsic Distributions.Amos Nathan - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (4):677-684.
    Jaynes contends that in many statistical problems a seemingly indeterminate probability distribution is made unique by the transformation group of necessarily implied invariance properties, thereby justifying the principle of indifference. To illustrate and substantiate his claims he considers Bertrand's Paradox. These assertions are here refuted and the traditional attitude is vindicated.
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  27.  56
    False Expectations.Amos Nathan - 1984 - Philosophy of Science 51 (1):128-136.
    Common probabilistic fallacies and putative paradoxes are surveyed, including those arising from distribution repartitioning, from the reordering of expectation series, and from misconceptions regarding expected and almost certain gains in games of chance. Conditions are given for such games to be well-posed. By way of example, Bernoulli's "Petersburg Paradox" and Hacking's "Strange Expectations" are discussed and the latter are resolved. Feller's generalized "fair price, in the classical sense" is critically reviewed.
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  28.  50
    Mctaggart's Immaterialism.N. M. L. Nathan - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (165):442-456.
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  29. The Universe Around Them: Cosmology and Cosmic Renewal in Indianized South-East Asia.H. G. Quaritch Wales - 1977 - A. Probsthain.
  30.  31
    Skepticism and Legal Interpretation.Daniel O. Nathan - 1990 - Erkenntnis 33 (2):165 - 189.
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  31.  25
    On the Non-Causal Explanation of Human Action.N. M. L. Nathan - 1976 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 6 (3):241-243.
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  32.  20
    The Identity Thesis as a Scientific Hypothesis.George J. Nathan & Julian Wolfe - 1968 - Dialogue 7 (3):469-472.
  33.  10
    Some Prerequisites for a Political Casuistry of Justice.N. M. L. Nathan - 1970 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 13 (1-4):376 – 393.
    After briefly vindicating casuistries which successively apply a number of different moral principles, I describe some of the principles of justice liable to figure in such casuistries, assess the relative popularity of these principles and show that some of the most popular cannot be consistently applied in all circumstances.
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  34.  19
    A New Incompatibilism.N. M. L. Nathan - 1984 - Mind 93 (369):39-55.
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  35.  19
    Compatibilism and Natural Necessity.N. M. L. Nathan - 1975 - Mind 84 (April):277-280.
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  36.  18
    Knowledge and its Limits by Timothy Williamson, Oxford University Press, 2000, Pp. XI + 340, £25.N. M. L. Nathan - 2001 - Philosophy 76 (3):460-475.
  37.  14
    Vicious Regression and the Value of Belief.N. M. L. Nathan - 2001 - Philosophia 28 (1-4):369-372.
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  38.  12
    Projectivist Utilitarianism: Reply to Gordon. [REVIEW]N. M. L. Nathan - 1987 - Erkenntnis 26 (1):129 - 130.
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  39.  13
    On the Factual Basis of Moral Reasoning.Daniel O. Nathan - 1979 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (2):157 – 162.
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  40.  12
    Projectivist Utilitarianism.N. M. L. Nathan - 1983 - Erkenntnis 20 (2):207 - 211.
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  41.  3
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]N. M. L. Nathan - 1994 - Mind 103 (412):565-568.
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  42.  7
    Being Reasonable About Religion William Charlton Ashgate: Aldershot, 2006, Pp. 170, £45.N. M. L. Nathan - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (1):145-149.
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  43.  6
    History, Literature and the Classification of Knowledge.N. M. L. Nathan - 1970 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 48 (2):213 – 233.
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  44.  3
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]N. M. L. Nathan - 1992 - Mind 101 (403):565-568.
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  45. Prince William B.: The Philosophical Conceptions of William Blake.Norman Nathan - 1975 - Mouton.
     
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  46.  3
    The Concept of Justice.N. M. L. Nathan - 1971 - London: Macmillan.
  47. Weak Materialism.N. M. L. Nathan - 1996 - In Howard Robinson (ed.), Objections to Physicalism. New York: Clarendon Press.
     
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  48.  2
    Prologue to Education: An Enquiry Into Ends and Means.John N. Wales - 1979 - Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    Whatever the world thinks, he who hath not much meditated upon God, the human mind, and the summum bonum, may possibly make a thriving earthworm, ...
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  49.  27
    Punishment, Judges and Jesters: A Reply to Nathan Hanna.Bill Wringe - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.
    Nathan Hanna has recently addressed a claim central to my 2013 article ‘Must Punishment Be Intended to Cause Suffering’ and to the second chapter of my 2016 book An Expressive Theory of Punishment: namely, that punishment need not involve an intention to cause suffering. -/- Hanna defends what he calls the ‘Aim To Harm Requirement’ (AHR), which he formulates as follows. AHR: ‘an agent punishes a subject only if the agent intends to harm the subject’ (Hanna 2017 p969). I’ll (...)
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  50.  20
    Introducing the Modified Paranormal Belief Scale: Distinguishing Between Classic Paranormal Beliefs, Religious Paranormal Beliefs and Conventional Religiosity Among Undergraduates in Northern Ireland and Wales.Emyr Williams, Christopher Lewis & Leslie Francis - 2009 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 31 (3):345-356.
    Previous empirical studies concerned with the association between paranormal beliefs and conventional religiosity have produced conflicting evidence. Drawing on Rice's distinction between classic paranormal beliefs and religious paranormal beliefs, the present study proposed a modified form of the Tobacyk Revised Paranormal Belief Scale to produce separate scores for these two forms of paranormal belief, styled 'religious paranormal beliefs' and 'classic paranormal beliefs'. Data provided by a sample of 143 undergraduate students in Northern Ireland and Wales, who completed the Francis (...)
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