Results for 'Nature conservation'

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  1.  16
    From Burgers to Biodiversity? The McDonaldization of on-Farm Nature Conservation in the UK.Carol Morris & Matt Reed - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (2):207-218.
    This paper uses George Ritzer’s account of McDonaldization – the socially transformative process of rationalization – to undertake a critical analysis of agri-environment schemes, the dominant form of on-farm nature conservation in England. Drawing on a wide range of evidence, including social surveys of the participants and non-participants of agri-environment schemes, government files, and interviews with government officials, the four key dimensions of McDonaldization – efficiency, calculability, predictability, and control (through non-human technologies) – are applied to the analysis (...)
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  2.  25
    From Environmental Ethics to Nature Conservation Policy: Natura 2000 and the Burden of Proof. [REVIEW]Humberto D. Rosa & Jorge Marques Da Silva - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):107-130.
    Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical framework for Natura 2000 and the probable moral assumptions of its main stakeholders. Arguments for and against Natura 2000 were analyzed and classified according to “strong” or “weak” versions of the three main theories of environmental (...)
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  3. Laws and Meta-Laws of Nature: Conservation Laws and Symmetries.Marc Lange - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (3):457-481.
    Symmetry principles are commonly said to explain conservation laws—and were so employed even by Lagrange and Hamilton, long before Noether's theorem. But within a Hamiltonian framework, the conservation laws likewise entail the symmetries. Why, then, are symmetries explanatorily prior to conservation laws? I explain how the relation between ordinary (i.e., first-order) laws and the facts they govern (a relation involving counterfactuals) may be reproduced one level higher: as a relation between symmetries and the ordinary laws they govern. (...)
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  4.  18
    The Role of Aesthetic Considerations in a Narrative Based Approach to Nature Conservation.Dan Firth - 2008 - Ethics and the Environment 13 (2):pp. 77-100.
    The claim presented here is that aesthetic considerations are an essential part of place narrative, and are thus essential to ethical environmental decision-making. Holland’s narrative-based approach to nature conservation is taken as a starting point from which an argument is developed to show how his approach can be extended to include the aesthetic. Aesthetic experience of place is important because it gives us knowledge by acquaintance of the place, because it gives meaning to our relationship to the place, (...)
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  5.  33
    Can Nature Conservation Justify Sports Fishing?A. Dionys de Leeuw - 2012 - Environmental Ethics 34 (2):159-175.
    Anglers frequently justify their sport on the basis of nature conservation. According to this utilitarian equation, harming fish by angling is balanced by conservation of nature. To qualify as justification for angling, nature conservation must arise from and be connected to angling, a connection achieved by sport fisheries management. Management practices are, therefore, evaluated to determine if, on the whole, these practices are beneficial to nature and, if these benefits “outweigh” harms caused to (...)
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  6.  29
    Jozef Keulartz and Gilbert Leistra (Eds): Legitimacy in European Nature Conservation Policy: Case Studies in Multilevel Governance. [REVIEW]Sarah Beach - 2011 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):195-197.
    Jozef Keulartz and Gilbert Leistra (eds): Legitimacy in European Nature Conservation Policy: Case Studies in Multilevel Governance Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s10806-010-9248-4 Authors Sarah Beach, Kansas State University Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work Manhattan KS USA Journal Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics Online ISSN 1573-322X Print ISSN 1187-7863.
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  7.  31
    From Environmental Ethics to Nature Conservation Policy: Natura 2000 and the Burden of Proof.Humberto D. Rosa & Jorge Marques Silvdaa - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2).
    Natura 2000 is a network of natural sites whose aim is to preserve species and habitats of relevance in the European Union. The policy underlying Natura 2000 has faced widespread opposition from land users and received extensive support from environmentalists. This paper addresses the ethical framework for Natura 2000 and the probable moral assumptions of its main stakeholders. Arguments for and against Natura 2000 were analyzed and classified according to “strong” or “weak” versions of the three main theories of environmental (...)
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  8.  9
    Nature Conservation and the Voluntary Principle.John Francis - 1994 - Environmental Values 3 (3):267-271.
    Primary legislation in Britain has enshrined the 'voluntary principle' at the centre of the working relationship between nature conservationists and other land-users. This paper examines the dilemma that arises from the application of the legislation to long-term land management strategies in support of nature conservation. In its historical context this approach does not sit easily with wider goals such as the land-use ethic of Aldo Leopold or the search for an ethic of sustainability.
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  9.  22
    Ecosystem Services and Sacred Natural Sites: Reconciling Material and Non-Material Values in Nature Conservation.Shonil A. Bhagwat - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (4):417 - 427.
    Ecosystems services are provisions that humans derive from nature. Ecologists trying to value ecosystems have proposed five categories of these services: preserving, supporting, provisioning, regulating and cultural. While this ecosystem services framework attributes 'material' value to nature, sacred natural sites are areas of 'non-material' spiritual significance to people. Can we reconcile the material and non-material values? Ancient classical traditions recognise five elements of nature: earth, water, air, fire and ether. This commentary demonstrates that the perceived properties of (...)
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  10. Limits to Substitutability in Nature Conservation.Dieter Birnbacher - 2004 - In Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.), Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 180.
     
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  11.  25
    The Ecological Ethics Framework: Finding Our Way in the Ethical Labyrinth of Nature Conservation.Jac A. A. Swart - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):523-526.
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  12.  6
    European Nature Conservation Policy Making. From Substantive to Procedura; Souces of Legitimacy.E. R. Engelen, F. W. J. Keulartz & G. R. Leistra - unknown
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  13.  5
    "The Ecological Ethics Framework: Finding Our Way in the Ethical Labyrinth of Nature Conservation-Commentary on" Using an Ecological Ethics Framework to Make Decisions About Relocating Wildlife".Jac Aa Swart - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):523-526.
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  14.  4
    Moral-Material Ontologies of Nature Conservation: Exploring the Discord Between Ecological Restoration and Novel Ecosystems.Mick Lennon - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (1):5-29.
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  15.  9
    Conservation as Picking Up Trash in Nature.Donald S. Maier & Jeffrey A. Lockwood - 2015 - Environmental Philosophy 12 (1):99-119.
    This essay explores a previously unexplored suggestion for combining consideration of aesthetics with considerations of vice and virtue to justify, not merely claims about nature’s beauty or its preservation, but landscape-transforming conservation projects. Its discussion is not univocal. On the one hand, it suggests that vices associated with humans assisting a creature’s journey to a new landscape make that organism’s presence on that landscape ugly. According to this suggestion, the creature may be regarded as trash, which would be (...)
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  16.  27
    The Multi-Dimensional Nature of Environmental Attitudes Among Farmers in Indiana: Implications for Conservation Adoption.Adam P. Reimer, Aaron W. Thompson & Linda S. Prokopy - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (1):29-40.
    Attempts to understand farmer conservation behavior based on quantitative socio-demographic, attitude, and awareness variables have been largely inconclusive. In order to understand fully how farmers are making conservation decisions, 32 in-depth interviews were conducted in the Eagle Creek watershed in central Indiana. Coding for environmental attitudes and practice adoption revealed several dominant themes, representing multi-dimensional aspects of environmental attitudes. Farmers who were motivated by off-farm environmental benefits and those who identified responsibilities to others (stewardship) were most likely to (...)
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  17. Nature’s Legacy: On Rohwer and Marris and Genomic Conservation.Richard Christian - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (3):265-267.
    Rohwer & Marris claim that “many conservation biologists” believe that there is a prima facie duty to preserve the genetic integrity of species. (A prima facie duty is a necessary pro tanto moral reason.) They describe three possible arguments for that belief and reject them all. They conclude that the biologists they cite are mistaken, and that there is no such duty: duties to preserve genetic integrity are merely instrumental: we ought act to preserve genetic integrity only because doing (...)
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  18.  74
    The Japanese Concept of Nature in Relation to the Environmental Ethics and Conservation Aesthetics of Aldo Leopold.Steve Odin - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (4):345-360.
    I focus on the religio-aesthetic concept of nature in Japanese Buddhism as a valuable complement to environmental philosophy in the West and develop an explicit comparison of the Japanese Buddhist concept of nature and the ecological world view of Aldo Leopold. I discuss the profound current of ecological thought running through the Kegon, Tendai, Shingon, Zen, Pure Land, and Nichiren Buddhist traditions as weIl as modem Japanese philosophy as represented by Nishida Kitarö and Watsuji Tetsurö. In this context, (...)
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  19.  16
    The Commons, Game Theory, and Aspects of Human Nature That May Allow Conservation of Global Resources.Walter K. Dodds - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (4):411-425.
    Fundamental aspects of human use of the environment can be explained by game theory. Game theory explains aggregate behaviour of the human species driven by perceived costs and benefits. In the 'game' of global environmental protection and conservation, the stakes are the living conditions of all species including the human race, and the playing field is our planet. The question is can we control humanity's hitherto endless appetite for resources before we irreparably harm the global ecosystem and cause extinction (...)
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  20.  4
    Stratégie Et Géopolitique de l'Opposition À la Conservation de la Nature : Le Cas de l'Ours des PyrénéesStrategy and Geopolitics of the Opposition Against the Preservation of Nature: The Bear in the Pyrenees.F. Benhammou - 2003 - Nature Sciences Sociétés 11 (4):381-393.
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  21.  59
    Nature Above People: Rolston and "Fortress" Conservation in the South.Hanna Siurua - 2006 - Ethics and the Environment 11 (1):71-96.
    : Holmes Rolston III has argued that in some situations where the needs of starving people come into conflict with the protection of natural values, "we" ought to prioritize the latter. Focusing on the threat to pristine ecosystems and endangered species posed by overpopulation in developing countries, Rolston advocates the exclusion of human settlement and activity from the most fragile and valuable wild areas—a strategy sometimes termed "fortress conservation." This approach suffers from at least three serious faults. First, fortress (...)
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  22.  17
    Nature Protection as Moral Duty: The Ethical Trend in the Russian Conservation Movement.Anton Yu Struchkov - 1992 - Journal of the History of Biology 25 (3):413-428.
    Shortly after the October Revolution, Semenov-Tian-Shanskii prophetically remarked that voices in defense of nature in Russia under the new regime might be nothing more than “miserable voices crying in the wilderness.”52 Alas, this turned out to be all too true: by the end of the 1930s the voices of the aestheticethical approach had become silent in the wilderness of “socialist construction.”Nevertheless, I would not like to conclude my talk on this mournful note. Instead I would like to emphasize that, (...)
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  23.  42
    The Principle of the Conservation of Energy: From the Point of View of Mach’s Phenomeno-Logical Conception of Nature.Hans Kleinpeter - 1904 - The Monist 14 (3):378-386.
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  24.  4
    Nature Above Peoplerolston And?Fortress? Conservation in the South.Hanna Siurua - 2006 - Ethics and the Environment 11 (1):72-96.
  25.  33
    Daniel Imhoff and Jo Ann Baumgartner (Eds.): Farming and the Fate of Wild Nature: Essays in Conservation-Based Agriculture. [REVIEW]Jeff Jordan & Gwen Roland - 2009 - Agriculture and Human Values 26 (1-2):145-146.
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  26.  26
    Dan Brockington, Rosaleen Duffy, and Jim Igoe: Nature Unbound: Conservation, Capitalism and the Future of Protected Areas.Alejandro Camargo - 2014 - Agriculture and Human Values 31 (1):159-160.
  27.  18
    De l'Application de la Loi de la Conservation de la Force À la Nature Organique.Hermann V. Helmholtz - 2003 - Philosophia Scientiae 7 (1):29-41.
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  28.  10
    John M. Mackenzie. The Empire of Nature: Hunting, Conservation and British Imperialism. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1988. Pp. X + 340. ISBN 0-7190-2227-4. £35.00. [REVIEW]Robert A. Stafford - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (1):122-124.
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  29.  7
    Jamie Lorimer, Wildlife in the Anthropocene: Conservation After Nature[REVIEW]Yogi Hendlin - 2016 - Environmental Values 25 (5):627-629.
  30.  6
    DOUGLAS R. WEINER, Models of Nature: Ecology, Conservation and Cultural Revolution in Soviet Russia. With a New Afterword. Pitt Series in Russian and East European Studies. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000. Pp. Xii+324. ISBN 0-8229-5733-7. $17.95. [REVIEW]Piers Hale - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (2):219-220.
  31.  5
    Ecocide in the USSR: Health and Nature Under Siege. Murray Feshbach, Alfred Friendly, Jr.Models of Nature: Ecology, Conservation, and Cultural Revolution in Soviet Russia. Douglas R. Weiner. [REVIEW]Robert H. Randolph - 1993 - Isis 84 (3):602-604.
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  32.  5
    The Principle of the Conservation of Energy, From the Point of View of Mach's Phenomeno-Logical Conception of Nature.Hans Kleinpeter - 1905 - Philosophical Review 14:85.
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  33.  4
    Kevin C. Armitage. The Nature Study Movement: The Forgotten Popularizer of America's Conservation Ethic. Viii + 291 Pp., Index. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2009. $34.95. [REVIEW]Emily K. Brock - 2010 - Isis 101 (4):890-891.
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  34.  3
    Review of Bram Büscher, Wolfram Dressler and Robert Fletcher , Nature TM Inc.: Environmental Conservation in the Neoliberal Age[REVIEW]Rasmus Karlsson - 2015 - Environmental Values 24 (4):559-560.
  35.  1
    Editorial: Conservation and 'Nature+'.Mark Whitehead - 2012 - Environmental Values 21 (3):251-254.
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  36. ""Cultural" Nature" and Biological Conservation.Nigel Cooper - 2006 - Ludus Vitalis 14 (25):117-134.
  37. De l'Application de la Loi de la Conservation de la Force À la Nature Organique: Dossier Helmholtz.Hermann V. Helmholtz - 2003 - Philosophia Scientiae 7 (1):29-41.
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  38. De la protection de la nature au développement durable : Genèse d'un oxymore éthique et politique.Donato Bergandi & Patrick Blandin - 2012 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 65 (1):103-142.
    Le concept de développement durable s’enracine dans l’histoire des mouvements de préservation de la nature et de conservation des ressources naturelles et de leurs relations avec les sciences de la nature, en particulier l’écologie. En tant que paradigme sociétal, à la fois écologique, politique et économique, il se présente comme un projet politique idéal applicable à l’ensemble des sociétés, qui prétend dépasser l’opposition entre ces deux visions profondément divergentes des relations homme‑nature. L’analyse des textes internationaux pertinents (...)
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  39.  54
    Dreadful/Delightful Killing: The Contested Nature of Duck Hunting.Carmen McLeod - 2007 - Society and Animals 15 (2):151-167.
    Hunting ducks with a firearm has become increasingly contested in industrialized and urbanized contemporary societies. In southern New Zealand, an area that maintains strong connections to rural life ways, duck shooting is still a very popular activity. However, even duck shooters living in this region are increasingly finding that they must justify an activity their grandparents practiced without compunction. This paper considers ethical discourses associated with the killing of ducks, particularly the ways in which people who shoot ducks construct the (...)
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  40.  14
    From “What is” to “What Should Become” Conservation Biology? Reflections on the Discipline’s Ethical Fundaments.Zina Skandrani - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):541-548.
    In this essay, I build on the article by Soulé that established the foundation for the field of conservation biology. I analyze the presuppositions that have guided the discipline’s ethics in the 30 years since that article first appeared. I argue that conservation biology’s normative postulates introduced a paradigm shift that placed the diversity of the biota instead of the biota itself at the center of its ethics. I show that the ensuing priorities in the valuation of (...) entail several contradictions at the ethical level and are justifiable only through scientific postulates. Identifying potential revisions and latent ideological issues in science, I defend the position that such scientific legitimization of conservation measures becomes disputable when this option undermines the ethical status of non-human life. Furthermore, I explain the absence of social feedback regarding conservation measures from the perspective of this shift. I conclude with an invitation to critically rethink the ethical basis of conservation sciences so that these fields may achieve their intention of playing a key role in halting the destruction of nature and in encouraging society’s support. (shrink)
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  41.  30
    Conservation or Preservation? A Qualitative Study of the Conceptual Foundations of Natural Resource Management.Ben A. Minteer & Elizabeth A. Corley - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (4):307-333.
    Few disputes in the annals of US environmentalism enjoy the pedigree of the conservation-preservation debate. Yet, although many scholars have written extensively on the meaning and history of conservation and preservation in American environmental thought and practice, the resonance of these concepts outside the academic literature has not been sufficiently examined. Given the significance of the ideals of conservation and preservation in the justification of environmental policy and management, however, we believe that a more detailed analysis of (...)
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  42.  21
    Webcams to Save Nature: Online Space as Affective and Ethical Space.Ike Kamphof - 2011 - Foundations of Science 16 (2-3):259-274.
    This article analyses the way in which websites of conservation foundations organise the affective investments of viewers in animals by the use of webcams. Against a background of—often overly—general speculation on the influence of electronic media on our engagement with the world, it focuses on one particular practice where this issue is at stake. Phenomenological investigation is supplemented with ethnographic observation of user practice. It is argued that conservation websites provide caring spaces in two interrelated ways: by providing (...)
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  43. The Integrity of Nature Over Time Some Problems.Alan Holland, John O'neill & British Association of Nature Conservationists - 1996 - Department of Philosophy, Lancaster University.
     
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  44. Nature, Every Last Drop, is Good.Alan Holland & British Association of Nature Conservationists - 1996 - Department of Philosophy, Lancaster University.
     
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  45.  35
    Method in Ecology: Strategies for Conservation.K. S. Shrader-Frechette - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume, the authors discuss what practical contributions ecology can and can't make in applied science and environmental problem solving. In the first section, they discuss conceptual problems that have often prevented the formulation and evaluation of powerful, precise, general theories, explain why island biogeography is still beset with controversy and examine the ways that science is value laden. In the second section, they describe how ecology can give us specific answers to practical environmental questions posed in individual case (...)
  46. Ecological Intelligence: Rediscovering Ourselves in Nature.Ian McCallum - 2005 - Africa Geographic.
  47.  27
    Thinking (-Animal-Technology-Human-) Touch.Ike Kamphof - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (1):173-178.
    J. Macgregor Wise and R. van de Vall kindly reviewed my analysis of the potential of webcams on nature conservation sites for developing networks of care. I am indebted to them for their subtle and intelligent deliberation and their valuable suggestions for further elaboration of the project. My focus, as stated in the article, is on the study of users, technology and animals as assemblages, bound together by physical, visual and affective bonds in the process of ‘doing something’.
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  48. Conservation Linking Ecology, Economics, and Culture.Monique Borgerhoff Mulder & Peter Coppolillo - 2005
     
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  49.  32
    Hermann von Helmholtz's Mechanism: The Loss of Certainty. A Study on the Transition From Classical to Modern Philosophy of Nature.Gregor Schiemann - 2009 - Springer.
    Two seemingly contradictory tendencies have accompanied the development of the natural sciences in the past 150 years. On the one hand, the natural sciences have been instrumental in effecting a thoroughgoing transformation of social structures and have made a permanent impact on the conceptual world of human beings. This historical period has, on the other hand, also brought to light the merely hypothetical validity of scientific knowledge. As late as the middle of the 19th century the truth-pathos in the natural (...)
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  50.  19
    Nature Quality in Organic Farming: A Conceptual Analysis of Considerations and Criteria in a European Context.K. Tybirk, Hugo F. Alrøe & P. Frederiksen - 2004 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 17 (3):249-274.
    Nature quality in relation to farming is a complex field. It involves different traditions and interests, different views of what nature is, and different ways of valuing nature. Furthermore there is a general lack of empirical data on many aspects of nature quality in the farmed landscape. In this paper we discuss nature quality from the perspective of organic farming, which has its own values and goals in relation to nature – the Ecologist View (...)
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