Results for 'Neil C. Rabinowitz'

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  1.  25
    Building Machines That Learn and Think for Themselves.Matthew Botvinick, David G. T. Barrett, Peter Battaglia, Nando de Freitas, Darshan Kumaran, Joel Z. Leibo, Timothy Lillicrap, Joseph Modayil, Shakir Mohamed, Neil C. Rabinowitz, Danilo J. Rezende, Adam Santoro, Tom Schaul, Christopher Summerfield, Greg Wayne, Theophane Weber, Daan Wierstra, Shane Legg & Demis Hassabis - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  2. Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics.Neil C. Manson - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Informed consent is a central topic in contemporary biomedical ethics. Yet attempts to set defensible and feasible standards for consenting have led to persistent difficulties. In Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics Neil Manson and Onora O'Neill set debates about informed consent in medicine and research in a fresh light. They show why informed consent cannot be fully specific or fully explicit, and why more specific consent is not always ethically better. They argue that consent needs distinctive communicative transactions, by (...)
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  3.  53
    Poems by J. Neil C. Garcia.J. Neil C. Garcia - 1999 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 3 (1):159-168.
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  4.  15
    The Biobank Consent Debate: Why ‘Meta-Consent’ is Not the Solution?Neil C. Manson - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):291-294.
    Over the past couple of decades, there has been an ongoing, often fierce, debate about the ethics of biobank participation. One central element of that debate has concerned the nature of informed consent, must specific reconsent be gained for each new use, or user, or is broad consent ethically adequate? Recently, Thomas Ploug and Søren Holm have developed an alternative to both specific and broad consent: what they call a meta-consent framework. On a meta-consent framework, participants can choose the type (...)
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  5.  35
    How Not to Think About the Ethics of Deceiving Into Sex.Neil C. Manson - 2017 - Ethics 127 (2):415-429.
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  6.  23
    UAVs and the End of Heroism? Historicising the Ethical Challenge of Asymmetric Violence.Neil C. Renic - 2019 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (4):188-197.
    ABSTRACTThe growing reliance on Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in armed conflict raises important questions regarding our conception of both war and the warrior’s place within it. This includes the question of whether the degree to which UAVs mitigate physical risk has imperilled the ethical status of the operator. For those that view this tension as resolvable, reference is frequently made to the eventual acceptance of previous categories of “unfair” weaponry. This article engages with this historical context, identifying the role of physical (...)
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  7.  87
    An Investigation of Moral Values and the Ethical Content of the Corporate Culture: Taiwanese Versus U.S. Sales People. [REVIEW]Neil C. Herndon, John P. Fraedrich & Quey-Jen Yeh - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (1):73 - 85.
    An empirical study using two ethics-related and three sales force outcome variables was conducted in Taiwan and compared to an existing U.S. sample. Across the two national cultures, individual perceptions of corporate ethics appears to be a more direct determinant of organizational commitment than individual moral values. Differences between the two national cultures were found in ethics perception as it relates to moral values, job satisfaction, and turnover intention. Explanations for the differences are discussed.
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  8.  6
    The Case Against Meta-Consent: Not Only Do Ploug and Holm Not Answer It, They Make It Even Stronger.Neil C. Manson - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):627-628.
    In a recent article, I argued that Ploug and Holm’s ‘meta-consent’ proposal should be rejected for biobank governance. This was because, although meta-consent is permissible, it is both burdensome and ethically omissible. There is no ethical reason why funders should undertake the additional costs. Ploug and Holm have sought to respond to these arguments. Here, it is noted that not only do they fail to adequately refuse the case against meta-consent, they fail to even engage with the arguments, either misunderstanding (...)
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  9.  29
    Transitional Paternalism: How Shared Normative Powers Give Rise to the Asymmetry of Adolescent Consent and Refusal.Neil C. Manson - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (2):66-73.
    In many jurisdictions, adolescents acquire the right to consent to treatment; but in some cases their refusals – e.g. of life-saving treatment – may not be respected. This asymmetry of adolescent consent and refusal seems puzzling, even incoherent. The aim here is to offer an original explanation, and a justification, of this asymmetry. Rather than trying to explain the asymmetry in terms of a variable standard of competence – where the adolescent is competent to consent to, but not refuse, certain (...)
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  10.  52
    First‐Person Authority: An Epistemic‐Pragmatic Account.Neil C. Manson - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (2):181-199.
    Some self-ascriptions of belief, desire and other attitudes exhibit first-person authority. The aim here is to offer a novel account of this kind of first-person authority. The account is a development of Robert Gordon's ascent routine theory but is framed in terms of our ability to bring it about that others know of our attitudes via speech acts which do not deploy attitudinal vocabulary but which nonetheless ‘show’ our attitudes to others. Unlike Gordon's ascent routine theory, the theory readily applies (...)
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  11.  30
    Freud's Own Blend: Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation, and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (2):179–195.
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical context (...)
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  12.  37
    A New Context for Ethics Education Objectives in a College of Business: Ethical Decision-Making Models. [REVIEW]Neil C. Herndon - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (5):501 - 510.
    Objectives for ethics education in business school courses generally appear to be based on custom, intuition, and judgment rather than on a more unified theoretical/empirical base. These objectives may be more clearly implemented and their effects studied more rigorously if they could be rooted in the components of ethical decision-making models shown to be influential in ethical decision making. This paper shows how several widely used ethics education objectives can be placed in the context of current models of ethical decision (...)
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  13.  53
    Normative Consent Is Not Consent.Neil C. Manson - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (1):33-44.
  14. Why “Consciousness” Means What It Does.Neil C. Manson - 2011 - Metaphilosophy 42 (1-2):98-117.
    Abstract: “Consciousness” seems to be a polysemic, ambiguous, term. Because of this, theorists have sought to distinguish the different kinds of phenomena that “consciousness” denotes, leading to a proliferation of terms for different kinds of consciousness. However, some philosophers—univocalists about consciousness—argue that “consciousness” is not polysemic or ambiguous. By drawing upon the history of philosophy and psychology, and some resources from semantic theory, univocalism about consciousness is shown to be implausible. This finding is important, for if we accept the univocalist (...)
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  15.  15
    Misleading by Omission: Rethinking the Obligation to Inform Research Subjects About Funding Sources.Neil C. Manson - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (6):720-739.
    Informed consent requirements for medical research have expanded over the past half-century. The Declaration of Helsinki now includes an explicit positive obligation to inform subjects about funding sources. This is problematic in a number of ways and seems to oblige researchers to disclose information irrelevant to most consent decisions. It is argued here that such a problematic obligation involves an “informational fallacy.” The aim in the second part of the paper is to provide a better approach to making sense of (...)
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  16.  48
    Hong Kong's Code of Ethics Initiative: Some Differences Between Theory and Practice. [REVIEW]Robin S. Snell & Neil C. Herndon - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 51 (1):75-89.
    Although detailed studies of code adoption and impact have already been conducted in Hong Kong, there has as yet been no critical analysis of why there has been a gap between the normative and positive factors underlying codes of ethics in Hong Kong. The purpose of this paper is to consider why Hong Kong companies adopting codes of ethics have failed to adhere closely to the best practice prescriptions for code adoption when it would likely be in their best interests (...)
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  17.  18
    Freud's Own Blend : Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):179-195.
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical context (...)
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  18.  74
    What is Genetic Information, and Why is It Significant? A Contextual, Contrastive, Approach.Neil C. Manson - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (1):1–16.
    Is genetic information of special ethical significance? Does it require special regulation? There is considerable contemporary debate about this question (the genetic exceptionalism debate). Genetic information is an ambiguous term and, as an aid to avoiding conflation in the genetic exceptionalism debate, a detailed account is given of just how and why genetic information is ambiguous. Whilst ambiguity is a ubiquitous problem of communication, it is suggested that genetic information is ambiguous in a particular way, one that gives rise to (...)
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  19.  31
    Making Sense of Spin.Neil C. Manson - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):200-213.
    “Spin” is a pejorative term for a ubiquitous form of communication. Spin is viewed by many as deceptive, and by others as bending or twisting the truth. But spin need not be deceptive and the metaphors are less than clear. The aim here is to clarify what spin is: spin is identified as a form of selective claim-making, where the process of selection is governed by an intention to bring about promotional perlocutionary effects. The process of selection may pertain to (...)
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  20.  36
    Reason Explanation a First-Order Rationalizing Account.Neil C. Manson - 2004 - Philosophical Explorations 7 (2):113 – 129.
    How do reason explanations explain? One view is that they require the deployment of a tacit psychological theory; another is that even if no tacit theory is involved, we must still conceive of reasons as mental states. By focusing on the subjective nature of agency, and by casting explanations as responses to 'why' questions that assuage agents' puzzlement, reason explanations can be profitably understood as part of our traffic in first-order content amongst perspectival subjects. An outline is offered of such (...)
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  21.  22
    The Imputation of Authenticity in the Assessment of Student Performances in Art.Neil C. M. Brown - 2001 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 33 (3-4):305-323.
  22.  5
    What is Genetic Information, and Why is It Significant? : A Contextual, Contrastive, Approach.Neil C. Manson - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (1):1-16.
    Is genetic information of special ethical significance? Does it require special regulation? There is considerable contemporary debate about this question. Genetic information is an ambiguous term and, as an aid to avoiding conflation in the genetic exceptionalism debate, a detailed account is given of just how and why genetic information is ambiguous. Whilst ambiguity is a ubiquitous problem of communication, it is suggested that genetic information is ambiguous in a particular way, one that gives rise to the problem of significance (...)
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  23.  25
    Epistemic Inertia and Epistemic Isolationism: A Response to Buchanan.Neil C. Manson - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (3):291-298.
    abstract Allen Buchanan argues that conventional applied ethics is impoverished and would be enriched by the addition of social moral epistemology. The aim here is to clarify this argument and to raise questions about whether such an addition is necessary about how such enrichment would work in practice. Two broad problems are identified. First, there are various kinds and sources of epistemic inertia, which act as an obstacle to epistemic change. Religion is one striking example and seems to pose a (...)
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  24.  32
    Epistemic Inertia and Epistemic Isolationism: A Response to Buchanan.Neil C. Manson - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (3):291-298.
    abstract Allen Buchanan argues that conventional applied ethics is impoverished and would be enriched by the addition of social moral epistemology. The aim here is to clarify this argument and to raise questions about whether such an addition is necessary about how such enrichment would work in practice. Two broad problems are identified. First, there are various kinds and sources of epistemic inertia, which act as an obstacle to epistemic change. Religion is one striking example and seems to pose a (...)
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  25.  4
    Freud's Own Blend: Functional Analysis, Idiographic Explanation, and the Extension of Ordinary Psychology.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (2):179-195.
    If we are to understand why psychoanalysis extends ordinary psychology in the precise ways that it does, we must take account of the existence of, and the interplay between, two distinct kinds of explanatory concern: functional and idiographic. The form and content of psychoanalytic explanation and its unusual methodology can, at least in part, be viewed as emerging out of Freud's attempt to reconcile these two types of explanatory concern. We must also acknowledge the role of the background theoretical context (...)
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  26.  5
    The Paradox of Virtuosity in the Practical Arts.Neil C. M. Brown - 2004 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 36 (1):19-34.
  27.  4
    Political Self-Deception and Epistemic Vice.Neil C. Manson - 2020 - Ethics and Global Politics 13 (4):6-15.
  28.  29
    Neil C. Manson, Onora O’Neill (2007) Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 212 Seiten, Geb. 59,78 €/Tb. 23,37 €, ISBN 978-0-521-87458-8 Hardback, 978-0-521-69747-7 Paperback.Theda Rehbock - 2011 - Ethik in der Medizin 23 (1):83-84.
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  29. Asymmetric Killing: Risk Avoidance, Just War, and the Warrior Ethos.Neil C. Renic - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    This book examines the moral right to kill in war, and the extent to which this right is challenged by the growing capability of certain states to kill with little or no physical risk to their own forces.
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  30.  14
    Battlefield Mercy: Unpacking the Nature and Significance of Supererogation in War.Neil C. Renic - 2019 - Ethics and International Affairs 33 (3):343-362.
    Debates over how best to ensure appropriate conduct in battle typically draw a binary distinction between rule compliance and rule violation. This framing is problematic, excluding a critical third element of battlefield conduct, supererogation—that is, positive acts that go beyond what is demanded by the explicit rules of war. This article investigates this moral category of action; specifically, situations in which combatants refrain from taking the life of an enemy despite their moral and legal license to do so. It first (...)
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  31.  25
    A Values Approach to Understanding Ethical Business Relationships in the 21st Century: A Comparison Between Germany, India, the People's Republic of China, and the United States.John Fraedrich, Neil C. Herndon Jr, Rajesh Iyer & William Yuen-Ping Yu - 2000 - Teaching Business Ethics 4 (1):23-42.
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  32.  9
    Determinants of Recognition and Recall: Accessibility and Generation.Jan C. Rabinowitz, George Mandler & Karalyn E. Patterson - 1977 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 106 (3):302-329.
  33.  50
    For All Good Reasons: Role of Values in Organizational Sustainability. [REVIEW]Liviu Florea, Yu Ha Cheung & Neil C. Herndon - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (3):393-408.
    Management practices are at the heart of most organizations’ sustainability efforts. Despite the importance of values for the design and implementation of such practices, few researchers have analyzed how human values, particularly ethical values, relate to human resource management practices in organizations. The purpose of this conceptual paper is to integrate scholarship on organizational sustainability, human resource practices, and values in delineating how four specific values—altruism, empathy, positive norm of reciprocity, and private self-effacement—support effective human resource practices in organizations. This (...)
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  34.  79
    Brains, Vats, and Neurally-Controlled Animats.Neil C. Manson - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (2):249-268.
    The modern vat-brain debate is an epistemological one, and it focuses on the point of view of a putatively deceived subject. Semantic externalists argue that we cannot coherently wonder whether we are brains in vats. This paper examines a new experimental paradigm for cognitive neuroscience—the neurally-controlled animat (NCA) paradigm—that seems to have a great deal in common with the vat-brain scenario. Neural cells are provided with a simulated body within an artificial world in order to study the brain both in (...)
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  35.  25
    Brains, Vats, and Neurally-Controlled Animats.Neil C. Manson - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (2):249-268.
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  36.  24
    The Paradox of Virtuosity in the Practical Arts.Neil C. M. Brown - 2004 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 36 (1):19–34.
  37.  6
    Crossing Border/Slipping Skins: Some Thoughts on''International Love''.Neil C. Garcia - 2003 - Budhi: A Journal of Ideas and Culture 7 (1 & 2):159-164.
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  38. Neil C. Manson and Onora O'Neill, Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics Reviewed By.Berel Dov Lerner - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (1):45-47.
     
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  39. Neil C. Manson and Onora O'Neill, Rethinking Informed Consent in Bioethics.Berel Dov Lerner - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (1):45.
     
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  40.  4
    Brains, Vats, and Neurally-Controlled Animats.Neil C. Manson - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (2):249-268.
    The modern vat-brain debate is an epistemological one, and it focuses on the point of view of a putatively deceived subject. Semantic externalists argue that we cannot coherently wonder whether we are brains in vats. This paper examines a new experimental paradigm for cognitive neuroscience—the neurally-controlled animat paradigm—that seems to have a great deal in common with the vat-brain scenario. Neural cells are provided with a simulated body within an artificial world in order to study the brain both in vitro (...)
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  41.  25
    Consent in the Law – by Deryck Beyleveld & Roger Brownsword.Neil C. Manson - 2010 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (2):215-217.
  42.  15
    Contemporary Naturalism and the Concept of Consciousness.Neil C. Manson - unknown
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  43.  23
    How Not to Think About Genetic Information.Neil C. Manson - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (4):3-3.
  44.  24
    Rediscovering Empathy: Agency, Folk Psychology, and the Human Sciences – by Karsten R. Stueber.Neil C. Manson - 2009 - Philosophical Investigations 32 (2):187-191.
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  45.  15
    Reason Explanation:A First-Order Normative Account.Neil C. Manson - unknown
    How do reason explanations explain? One view is that they require the deployment of a tacit psychological theory; another is that even if no tacit theory is involved, we must still conceive of reasons as mental states. By focusing on the subjective nature of agency, and by casting explanations as responses to why questions that assuage agents puzzlement, reason explanations can be profitably understood as part of our traffic in first-order content amongst perspectival subjects. An outline is offered of such (...)
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  46.  5
    Rights, Wrongs and Neurons.Neil C. Manson - 2006 - .
  47.  6
    The Ethics of Biobanking: Assessing the Right to Control Problem for Broad Consent.Neil C. Manson - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (5):540-549.
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  48.  13
    When is a Choice Not a Choice? ‘Sham Offers’ and the Asymmetry of Adolescent Consent and Refusal.Neil C. Manson - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (3):296-304.
    In some jurisdictions there is a puzzling asymmetry between consent and refusal, where, for some kinds of treatment, the adolescent patient has the power to permit her own treatment but her refusal does not have the same kind of normative significance as refusal of treatment by a competent adult. In this journal I recently offered a clarification and defence of this asymmetry in terms of a paternalistic justification of the sharing of normative powers between adolescents and other parties. Lawlor offers (...)
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  49.  7
    I Report of Ad Hoc Committee to Evaluate Research of Dr John R. Darsee at Emory University.Neil C. Moran - 1985 - Minerva 23 (2):276-305.
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  50.  18
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]C. O. X. Neil - 1991 - British Journal of Aesthetics 31 (4).
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