Results for 'Neurology'

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  1. Neurology and the Mind-Brain Problem.Roger W. Sperry - 1952 - American Scientist 40 (2).
  2.  60
    The Neurology of Ambiguity.Semir Zeki - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):173-196.
    One of the primordial functions of the brain is the acquisition of knowledge. The apparatus that it has evolved to do so is flexible enough to allow it to acquire knowledge about unambiguous conditions on the one hand, and about situations that are capable of two or more interpretations, each one of which has equal validity with the others. However, in the latter instance, we can only be conscious of one interpretation at any given moment. The study of ambiguity thus (...)
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  3.  89
    Cosmetic Neurology and Cosmetic Surgery: Parallels, Predictions, and Challenges.Anjan Chatterjee - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (2):129-137.
    As our knowledge of the functional and pharmacological architecture of the nervous system increases, we are getting better at treating cognitive and affective disorders. Along with the ability to modify cognitive and affective systems in disease, we are also learning how to modify these systems in health. “Cosmetic neurology,” the practice of intervening to improve cognition and affect in healthy individuals, raises several ethical concerns. However, its advent seems inevitable. In this paper I examine this claim of inevitability by (...)
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  4. The Neurological Disease Ontology.Mark Jensen, Alexander P. Cox, Naveed Chaudhry, Marcus Ng, Donat Sule, William Duncan, Patrick Ray, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Barry Smith, Alan Ruttenberg, Kinga Szigeti & Alexander D. Diehl - 2013 - Journal of Biomedical Semantics 4 (42):42.
    We are developing the Neurological Disease Ontology (ND) to provide a framework to enable representation of aspects of neurological diseases that are relevant to their treatment and study. ND is a representational tool that addresses the need for unambiguous annotation, storage, and retrieval of data associated with the treatment and study of neurological diseases. ND is being developed in compliance with the Open Biomedical Ontology Foundry principles and builds upon the paradigm established by the Ontology for General Medical Science (OGMS) (...)
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  5.  59
    The Neurology of Syntax: Language Use Without Broca's Area.Yosef Grodzinsky - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):1-21.
    A new view of the functional role of the left anterior cortex in language use is proposed. The experimental record indicates that most human linguistic abilities are not localized in this region. In particular, most of syntax (long thought to be there) is not located in Broca's area and its vicinity (operculum, insula, and subjacent white matter). This cerebral region, implicated in Broca's aphasia, does have a role in syntactic processing, but a highly specific one: It is the neural home (...)
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  6.  35
    The Neurological Basis of Mental Imagery: A Componential Analysis.Martha J. Farah - 1984 - Cognition 18 (1-3):245-272.
  7.  13
    Neurological Disorders, Affective Bioethics, and the Nervous System: Reconsidering the Schiavo Case From a Materialist Perspective.Matthew Wolf-Meyer - 2020 - Medical Humanities 46 (3):166-175.
    This article proposes a novel approach to bioethics, referred to as “affective bioethics”, which draws on traditions in anthropology, science and technology studies, disability studies, and Spinozist materialism. By focusing on the case of Michael and Terri Schiavo, in which Terri’s personhood and subjectivity are challenged by dominant forms of neurological reductivism in the USA, this article suggests that approaching her condition as a set of relations with the people in her life and her socio-technical environment may have helped to (...)
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  8. Neurological Disorders and the Structure of Human Consciousness.Jeffrey W. Cooney & Michael S. Gazzaniga - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):161-165.
  9.  68
    The Neurology of Narrative.Kay Young & Jeffrey L. Saver - 2001 - Substance 30 (1/2):72.
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  10.  60
    Neurological Diagnosis is More Than a State of Mind: Diagnostic Clarity and Impaired Consciousness.Joseph J. Fins & F. Plum - 2004 - Archives of Neurology 61 (9):1354-1355.
  11.  48
    Cosmetic Neurology: Sliding Down the Slippery Slope?Veikko Launis - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):218.
    In an editorial to a recent issue of Neurology, Richard Dees expresses the same criticism in an even more rigorous epistemic tone: Veikko Launis, Ph.D., is Professor of Medical Ethics and Adjunct Professor of Ethics and Social Philosophy at the University of Turku, Finland.FootnotesThis article is part of the Neuroethics of Brainreading research project, directed by myself and funded by the Academy of Finland. I am grateful to Olli Koistinen, Pekka Louhiala, Helena Siipi, and an anonymous referee for helpful (...)
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  12.  81
    The Neurological Dynamics of the Imagination.John Kaag - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):183-204.
    This article examines the imagination by way of various studies in cognitive science. It opens by examining the neural correlates of bodily metaphors. It assumes a basic knowledge of metaphor studies, or the primary finding that has emerged from this field: that large swathes of human conceptualization are structured by bodily relations. I examine the neural correlates of metaphor, concentrating on the relation between the sensory motor cortices and linguistic conceptualization. This discussion, however, leaves many questions unanswered. If it is (...)
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  13.  81
    The Neurological Approach to the Problem of Perception.W. Russell Brain - 1946 - Philosophy 21 (July):133-146.
    I much appreciate the honour of being invited to deliver the first Manson lecture, which, its founder has laid down, is to be devoted to the consideration of some subject of common interest to philosophy and medicine. I cannot think of anything which better fulfils that condition than the neurological approach to the problem of perception. The neurologist holds the bridge between body and mind. Every day he meets with examples of disordered perception and he learns from observing the effects (...)
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  14. Handbook of Clinical Neurology.P. J. Vinken & G. W. Bruyn (eds.) - 1969 - North Holland.
    It is the impression of neurologists who deal with cancer patients that the incidence of neurologic complications of cancer is increasing (Posner 1995). ...
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  15.  32
    Cosmetic Neurology: The Role of Healthcare Professionals. [REVIEW]Kinan Muhammed - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (2):239-240.
    In an age of modern technology and an increasing movement towards a 24-h working culture, life for many is becoming more stressful and demanding. To help juggle these work commitments and an active social life, nootropic medication, (the so-called ‘smart pills’) have become a growing part of some people’s lives. Users claim that these drugs allow them to reach their maximal potential by becoming more efficient, smarter and requiring less sleep. The use of these medications and the role of health (...)
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  16. A Neurologically Plausible Model of Individual Differences in Visual Mental Imagery.Stephen M. Kosslyn, Michael H. Van Kleeck & Kris N. Kirby - 1990 - In P. J. Hampson, D. F. Marks & Janet Richardson (eds.), Imagery: Current Developments. Routledge.
  17. ‘Cosmetic Neurology’ and the Moral Complicity Argument.A. Ravelingien, J. Braeckman, L. Crevits, D. De Ridder & E. Mortier - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (3):151-162.
    Over the past decades, mood enhancement effects of various drugs and neuromodulation technologies have been proclaimed. If one day highly effective methods for significantly altering and elevating one’s mood are available, it is conceivable that the demand for them will be considerable. One urgent concern will then be what role physicians should play in providing such services. The concern can be extended from literature on controversial demands for aesthetic surgery. According to Margaret Little, physicians should be aware that certain aesthetic (...)
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  18.  51
    The Neurological Basis of Conscious Color Perception in a Blind Patient.Semir Zeki, S. Aglioti, D. McKeefry & G. Berlucchi - 1999 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 96 (24):14124-14129.
  19.  20
    Evolutionary Neurology, Responsive Equilibrium, and the Moral Brain.Grant Gillett & Elizabeth Franz - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 45:245-250.
  20. The Neurology of Impaired Consciousness: Challenges for Cognitive Neuroscience.Nicholas D. Schiff - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press. pp. 1121-1132.
  21. History of Behavioral Neurology.Sergio Barberis & Cory Wright - forthcoming - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Psychology.
    This chapter provides a brief overview of the history of behavioral neurology, dividing it roughly into six eras. In the ancient and classical eras, emphasis is placed on two transitions: firstly, from descriptions of head trauma and attempted neurosurgical treatments to the exploratory dissections during the Hellenistic period and the replacement of cardiocentrism; and secondly, to the more systematic investigations of Galenus and the rise of pneumatic ventricular theory. In the medieval through post-Renaissance eras, the scholastic consolidation of knowledge (...)
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  22.  5
    Neurological Imaging as Evidence in Political Science: A Review, Critique, and Guiding Assessment.Dustin Tingley - 2006 - Social Science Information 45 (1):5-33.
    English Political scientists have access to a number of competing methodologies that marshal different forms of evidence for their arguments about political phenomena. Recently a new form of evidence has appeared in political science research and, more frequently, economics: spatially explicit and time-varying neurological activity of human subjects engaged in political or economic decision-making. As with any of the more standard methodologies, this approach carries with it a set of orienting theories linking hypotheses with the types of data induced to (...)
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  23. Neurological Diversity and Epigenetic Influences in Utero. An Ethical Investigation of Maternal Responsibility Towards the Future Child.Kristien Hens - 2017 - In Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas & Dorothee Horstkötter (eds.), Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics. Springer.
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  24.  60
    Neurology, Psychology, and the Meaning of Life: On Thagard's The Brain and the Meaning of Life.Iddo Landau - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (4):604-618.
    The Brain and the Meaning of Life Paul Thagard Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010 274 pages, ISBN: 9780691142722 (hbk): $29.95 This paper criticizes central arguments in Paul Thagard's The Brain and the Meaning of Life, concluding, contrary to Thagard, that there is very little that we can learn from brain research about the meaning of life. The paper offers a critical review of Thagard's argument against nihilism and his argument that it is love, work, and play, rather than other activities, (...)
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  25. Neurological Substrates of Emotional and Social Intelligence: Evidence From Patients with Focal Brain Lesions.Antoine Bechara & Reuven Bar-On - 2006 - In John T. Cacioppo, Penny S. Visser & Cynthia L. Pickett (eds.), Social Neuroscience: People Thinking About Thinking People. MIT Press. pp. 13--40.
  26.  2
    Determination of Death by Neurologic Criteria in the United States: The Case for Revising the Uniform Determination of Death Act.Ariane Lewis, Richard J. Bonnie, Thaddeus Pope, Leon G. Epstein, David M. Greer, Matthew P. Kirschen, Michael Rubin & James A. Russell - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (S4):9-24.
    Although death by neurologic criteria is legally recognized throughout the United States, state laws and clinical practice vary concerning three key issues: the medical standards used to determine death by neurologic criteria, management of family objections before determination of death by neurologic criteria, and management of religious objections to declaration of death by neurologic criteria. The American Academy of Neurology and other medical stakeholder organizations involved in the determination of death by neurologic criteria have undertaken concerted action to address (...)
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  27.  33
    Neurological Models of Size Scaling.Helen E. Ross - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):425-425.
    Lehar argues that a simple Neuron Doctrine cannot explain perceptual phenomena such as size constancy but he fails to discuss existing, more complex neurological models. Size models that rely purely on scaling for distance are sparse, but several models are also concerned with other aspects of size perception such as geometrical illusions, relative size, adaptation, perceptual learning, and size discrimination.
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  28. Effects of Neurological Disorders on Bone Health.Ryan R. Kelly, Sara J. Sidles & Amanda C. LaRue - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Neurological diseases, particularly in the context of aging, have serious impacts on quality of life and can negatively affect bone health. The brain-bone axis is critically important for skeletal metabolism, sensory innervation, and endocrine cross-talk between these organs. This review discusses current evidence for the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which various neurological disease categories, including autoimmune, developmental, dementia-related, movement, neuromuscular, stroke, trauma, and psychological, impart changes in bone homeostasis and mass, as well as fracture risk. Likewise, how bone may (...)
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  29. Three Laws of Qualia: What Neurology Tells Us About the Biological Functions of Consciousness.Vilayanur S. Ramachandran & William Hirstein - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (5-6):429-457.
    Neurological syndromes in which consciousness seems to malfunction, such as temporal lobe epilepsy, visual scotomas, Charles Bonnet syndrome, and synesthesia offer valuable clues about the normal functions of consciousness and ‘qualia’. An investigation into these syndromes reveals, we argue, that qualia are different from other brain states in that they possess three functional characteristics, which we state in the form of ‘three laws of qualia’. First, they are irrevocable: I cannot simply decide to start seeing the sunset as green, or (...)
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  30.  8
    Neurologisms.Judy Illes - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):1-1.
  31. Apotemnophilia: A Neurological Disorder.Vilayanur S. Ramachandran - unknown
    Apotemnophilia, a disorder that blurs the distinction between neurology and psychiatry, is characterized by the intense and longstanding desire for amputation of a speci¢c limb. Here we present evidence from two individuals suggestive that this condition, long thought to be entirely psychological in origin, actually has a neurological basis. We found heightened skin conductance response..
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  32.  17
    Neurology, Neuroethics, and the Vegetative State.Christopher M. Mahar - 2012 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 12 (3):477-488.
    This paper examines neuroethics as a discipline in which ongoing formation and development in both ethics and medicine are shedding new light on the care of patients diagnosed as being in a vegetative state. From the perspective of the Catholic moral tradition, the author proposes that ethics and recent developments in functional neuroimaging form a complementary relationship that gives rise to an ethical imperative: because we can care for patients in a vegetative state, we should do so. This imperative for (...)
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  33. Neurological Studies and Philosophical Problems.Richard D. Chessick - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (October):300-312.
    The so-called “mind-brain” problem affords the greatest opportunity for the cooperation of philosophy and science in the advancement of knowledge. In this paper we will outline pertinent facts already learned about the human mind from neurological disciplines, and, using some hypotheses from outstanding workers in neurobiology, we will relate this material to some important philosophical problems. Our proposal is to examine these problems in the light of knowledge gathered from the scientific disciplines, and we hope to demonstrate how this method (...)
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  34. Quantum Neurology: A Key Within Physics Toward the Knowledge of the Consciousness?Fernando Lopez Aguilar - 2008 - Pensamiento 64 (242):693-713.
  35.  34
    Models of Cognition: Neurological Possibility Does Not Indicate Neurological Plausibility.Peter R. Krebs - 2005 - In Proceedings of CogSci 2005. Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. pp. 184-1189.
    Many activities in Cognitive Science involve complex computer models and simulations of both theoretical and real entities. Artificial Intelligence and the study of artificial neural nets in particular, are seen as major contributors in the quest for understanding the human mind. Computational models serve as objects of experimentation, and results from these virtual experiments are tacitly included in the framework of empirical science. Cognitive functions, like learning to speak, or discovering syntactical structures in language, have been modeled and these models (...)
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  36. Neurological Preference: LeVay's Study of Sexual Orientation.Elizabeth A. Wilson - 2000 - Substance 29 (1):23-38.
  37.  4
    Looking for Spinoza: Joy, Sorrow, and the Feeling Brain.Antonio R. Damasio, Professor of Neurology Antonio R. Damasio & Damasio - 2003 - William Heinemann.
    Investigates the cerebral mechanisms behind emotions and feelings to explain the role between emotion, survival, and cultural accomplishment.
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  38.  65
    Neurological Information Processing and Free Persons.Rosemary Agonito - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):3-11.
  39. Neurological Aspects of Intelligence.Maureen Piercy - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 3--296.
  40. Editorial: Neurologic Correlates of Motor Function in Cerebral Palsy: Opportunities for Targeted Treatment.Jessica Rose, Christos Papadelis & Deborah Gaebler-Spira - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  41. Neurological Disorders of Embodied Feedback.Elisabeth Ahlsén - 2008 - In Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen & Günther Knoblich (eds.), Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines. Oxford University Press.
     
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  42. The Neurology of the Weird: Brain States and Anamalous Experience.Barry L. Beyerstein - 2007 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Tall Tales About the Mind and Brain: Separating Fact From Fiction. Oxford University Press.
     
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  43. A Neurological Perspective.Paul-Walter Schoenle - 2001 - In MachamerPeter (ed.), Theory and Method in the Neurosciences. pp. 250.
     
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  44. Neurological Substrates of Language and Speech Production.O. Seines & Harry Whitaker - 1977 - In Sheldon Rosenberg (ed.), Sentence Production: Developments in Research and Theory. Halsted Press.
     
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  45.  15
    Neurological Disorders of Embodied Communication.Elisabeth Ahlsén - 2008 - In Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen & Günther Knoblich (eds.), Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines. Oxford University Press. pp. 285.
  46. Neuroethics in Spain: Neurological Determinism or Moral Freedom?Enrique Bonete - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (1):225-232.
    Spanish culture has recently shown interest about Neuroethics, a new line of research and reflection. It can be said that two general, and somewhat opposing, perspectives are currently being developed in Spain about neuroethics-related topics. One originates from the neuroscientific field and the other from the philosophical field. We will see, throughout this article, that the Spanish authors, who I am going to select here, deal with very diverse neuroethical topics and that they analyse them from different intellectual assumptions. However, (...)
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  47. Can Neurological Evidence Refute Free Will?: The Failure of a Phenomenological Analysis of Acts in Libet's Denial of "Positive Free Will".Josef Seifert - 2011 - Pensamiento 67 (254):1077-1098.
     
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  48. The Promise and Predicament of Cosmetic Neurology.Anjan Chatterjee - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2):110-113.
    Advances in cognitive neuroscience make cosmetic neurology in some form inevitable and will give rise to extremely difficult ethical issuesConsider the following hypothetical case study. A well heeled executive walks into my cognitive neurology clinic because he is concerned that he is becoming forgetful. It turns out that he is going through a difficult divorce and my clinical impression is that his memory problems stem from the stress he is experiencing. I place him on a selective seratonin reuptake (...)
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  49. Intractable Neurological Disorders, Human Genome Research & Society: Proceedings of the Third International Bioethics Seminar at Fukui. 19-21 November 1993 Edited by Norio Fujiki and Darryl RJ Macer. [REVIEW]K. Dawson - 1996 - Bioethics 10:87-87.
     
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  50. Neurological Bases Of Modern Humanism.José Delgado - 1995 - Free Inquiry 15.
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