Results for 'Neurology'

988 found
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  1.  92
    Cosmetic neurology and cosmetic surgery: Parallels, predictions, and challenges.Anjan Chatterjee - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (2):129-137.
    As our knowledge of the functional and pharmacological architecture of the nervous system increases, we are getting better at treating cognitive and affective disorders. Along with the ability to modify cognitive and affective systems in disease, we are also learning how to modify these systems in health. “Cosmetic neurology,” the practice of intervening to improve cognition and affect in healthy individuals, raises several ethical concerns. However, its advent seems inevitable. In this paper I examine this claim of inevitability by (...)
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  2. The Neurological Disease Ontology.Mark Jensen, Alexander P. Cox, Naveed Chaudhry, Marcus Ng, Donat Sule, William Duncan, Patrick Ray, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Barry Smith, Alan Ruttenberg, Kinga Szigeti & Alexander D. Diehl - 2013 - Journal of Biomedical Semantics 4 (42):42.
    We are developing the Neurological Disease Ontology (ND) to provide a framework to enable representation of aspects of neurological diseases that are relevant to their treatment and study. ND is a representational tool that addresses the need for unambiguous annotation, storage, and retrieval of data associated with the treatment and study of neurological diseases. ND is being developed in compliance with the Open Biomedical Ontology Foundry principles and builds upon the paradigm established by the Ontology for General Medical Science (OGMS) (...)
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  3.  74
    The neurology of ambiguity.Semir Zeki - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (1):173-196.
    One of the primordial functions of the brain is the acquisition of knowledge. The apparatus that it has evolved to do so is flexible enough to allow it to acquire knowledge about unambiguous conditions on the one hand, and about situations that are capable of two or more interpretations, each one of which has equal validity with the others. However, in the latter instance, we can only be conscious of one interpretation at any given moment. The study of ambiguity thus (...)
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  4.  65
    The neurology of syntax: Language use without broca's area.Yosef Grodzinsky - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):1-21.
    A new view of the functional role of the left anterior cortex in language use is proposed. The experimental record indicates that most human linguistic abilities are not localized in this region. In particular, most of syntax (long thought to be there) is not located in Broca's area and its vicinity (operculum, insula, and subjacent white matter). This cerebral region, implicated in Broca's aphasia, does have a role in syntactic processing, but a highly specific one: It is the neural home (...)
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  5. Neurology and the mind-brain problem.Roger W. Sperry - 1952 - American Scientist 40 (2).
  6.  22
    Neurologic Diseases and Medical Aid in Dying: Aid-in-Dying Laws Create an Underclass of Patients Based on Disability.Lonny Shavelson, Thaddeus M. Pope, Margaret Pabst Battin, Alicia Ouellette & Benzi Kluger - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (9):5-15.
    Terminally ill patients in 10 states plus Washington, D.C. have the right to take prescribed medications to end their lives (medical aid in dying). But otherwise-eligible patients with neuromuscular disabilities (ALS and other illnesses) are excluded if they are physically unable to “self-administer” the medications without assistance. This exclusion is incompatible with disability rights laws that mandate assistance to provide equal access to health care. This contradiction between aid-in-dying laws and disability rights laws can force patients and clinicians into violating (...)
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  7.  85
    The neurological approach to the problem of perception.W. Russell Brain - 1946 - Philosophy 21 (July):133-146.
    I much appreciate the honour of being invited to deliver the first Manson lecture, which, its founder has laid down, is to be devoted to the consideration of some subject of common interest to philosophy and medicine. I cannot think of anything which better fulfils that condition than the neurological approach to the problem of perception. The neurologist holds the bridge between body and mind. Every day he meets with examples of disordered perception and he learns from observing the effects (...)
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  8.  37
    The neurological basis of mental imagery: A componential analysis.Martha J. Farah - 1984 - Cognition 18 (1-3):245-272.
  9.  9
    Neurological Positivism's Evolution of Mathematics.Larry Vandervert - 1993 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 14 (3):277-288.
    This article describes how Pribram's holonomic brain theory fits into Neurological Positivism's overall perspective of the evolution of the algorithmic organization of space and time in the brain. It is proposed that the principles of holonomic theory themselves represent a dynamical "diagram of forces" that have resulted from evolutionary processes - thus the holonomic space and time in the brain. The maximum-power evolution guided self-organizing, exteriorizing derivation of mathematics from the algorithmic patterns of the preadapted human brain is described. It (...)
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  10.  4
    Frequent Preservation of Neurologic Function in Brain Death and Brainstem Death Entails False-Positive Misdiagnosis and Cerebral Perfusion.Michael Nair-Collins & Ari R. Joffe - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (3):255-268.
    Some patients who have been diagnosed as “dead by neurologic criteria” continue to exhibit certain brain functions, most commonly, neuroendocrine functions. This preservation of neurologic function after the diagnosis of “brain death” or “brainstem death” is an ongoing source of controversy and concern in the medical, bioethics, and legal literatures. Most obviously, if some brain function persists, then it is not the case that all functions of the entire brain have ceased and hence, declaring such a patient to be “dead” (...)
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  11.  35
    Neurological models of size scaling.Helen E. Ross - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):425-425.
    Lehar argues that a simple Neuron Doctrine cannot explain perceptual phenomena such as size constancy but he fails to discuss existing, more complex neurological models. Size models that rely purely on scaling for distance are sparse, but several models are also concerned with other aspects of size perception such as geometrical illusions, relative size, adaptation, perceptual learning, and size discrimination.
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  12.  88
    The neurological dynamics of the imagination.John Kaag - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (2):183-204.
    This article examines the imagination by way of various studies in cognitive science. It opens by examining the neural correlates of bodily metaphors. It assumes a basic knowledge of metaphor studies, or the primary finding that has emerged from this field: that large swathes of human conceptualization are structured by bodily relations. I examine the neural correlates of metaphor, concentrating on the relation between the sensory motor cortices and linguistic conceptualization. This discussion, however, leaves many questions unanswered. If it is (...)
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  13.  64
    Neurological diagnosis is more than a state of mind: Diagnostic clarity and impaired consciousness.Joseph J. Fins & F. Plum - 2004 - Archives of Neurology 61 (9):1354-1355.
  14.  51
    Cosmetic Neurology: Sliding Down the Slippery Slope?Veikko Launis - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (2):218.
    In an editorial to a recent issue of Neurology, Richard Dees expresses the same criticism in an even more rigorous epistemic tone: Veikko Launis, Ph.D., is Professor of Medical Ethics and Adjunct Professor of Ethics and Social Philosophy at the University of Turku, Finland.FootnotesThis article is part of the Neuroethics of Brainreading research project, directed by myself and funded by the Academy of Finland. I am grateful to Olli Koistinen, Pekka Louhiala, Helena Siipi, and an anonymous referee for helpful (...)
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  15. The neurology of impaired consciousness: Challenges for cognitive neuroscience.Nicholas D. Schiff - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press. pp. 1121-1132.
  16. Neurological Diversity and Epigenetic Influences in Utero. An Ethical Investigation of Maternal Responsibility Towards the Future Child.Kristien Hens - 2017 - In Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas & Dorothee Horstkötter (eds.), Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics. Springer.
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  17.  16
    Neurological perception and sound-based creativity in post-biological realities: Recontextualizing reflective practice for technoetic environments.Tiernan Cross - 2018 - Technoetic Arts 16 (1):23-31.
    We currently exist in a post-biological age. Mixed-realities shape the way in which we live modern life; half in physical form, half in a hyper-mediated virtual environment of network protocols. This article discusses network-based impacts on neurological navigation and the ways in which the human auditory cortex is developing through conjuncture with post-biological combinations of sound. In doing so, it examines the capacity of the human brain in decoding and understanding the abundance of sound in confluent, variegated realms of existence (...)
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  18.  77
    The Neurology of Narrative.Kay Young & Jeffrey L. Saver - 2001 - Substance 30 (1/2):72.
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  19. Neurological disorders and the structure of human consciousness.Jeffrey W. Cooney & Michael S. Gazzaniga - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (4):161-165.
  20. Handbook of Clinical Neurology.P. J. Vinken & G. W. Bruyn (eds.) - 1969 - North Holland.
    It is the impression of neurologists who deal with cancer patients that the incidence of neurologic complications of cancer is increasing (Posner 1995). ...
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  21.  18
    Neurology, Neuroethics, and the Vegetative State.Christopher M. Mahar - 2012 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 12 (3):477-488.
    This paper examines neuroethics as a discipline in which ongoing formation and development in both ethics and medicine are shedding new light on the care of patients diagnosed as being in a vegetative state. From the perspective of the Catholic moral tradition, the author proposes that ethics and recent developments in functional neuroimaging form a complementary relationship that gives rise to an ethical imperative: because we can care for patients in a vegetative state, we should do so. This imperative for (...)
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  22. Neurological substrates of emotional and social intelligence: Evidence from patients with focal brain lesions.Antoine Bechara & Reuven Bar-On - 2006 - In John T. Cacioppo, Penny S. Visser & Cynthia L. Pickett (eds.), Social Neuroscience: People Thinking About Thinking People. MIT Press. pp. 13--40.
  23. ‘Cosmetic Neurology’ and the Moral Complicity Argument.A. Ravelingien, J. Braeckman, L. Crevits, D. De Ridder & E. Mortier - 2009 - Neuroethics 2 (3):151-162.
    Over the past decades, mood enhancement effects of various drugs and neuromodulation technologies have been proclaimed. If one day highly effective methods for significantly altering and elevating one’s mood are available, it is conceivable that the demand for them will be considerable. One urgent concern will then be what role physicians should play in providing such services. The concern can be extended from literature on controversial demands for aesthetic surgery. According to Margaret Little, physicians should be aware that certain aesthetic (...)
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  24.  7
    Longitudinal neurological analysis of moderate and severe pediatric cerebral visual impairment.Andres Jimenez-Gomez, Kristen S. Fisher, Kevin X. Zhang, Chunyan Liu, Qin Sun & Veeral S. Shah - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    IntroductionCerebral visual impairment results from damage to cerebral visual processing structures. It is the most common cause of pediatric visual impairment in developed countries and rising in prevalence in developing nations. There is currently limited understanding on how neurologic, developmental, and ophthalmic factors predict outcome for pediatric CVI.MethodA retrospective manual chart review of pediatric CVI patients seen at the tertiary pediatric hospital neurology and neuro-ophthalmology service between 2010 and 2019 was conducted. Patients were stratified into severity groups, and followed (...)
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  25.  87
    Neurology, psychology, and the meaning of life: On Thagard's The Brain and the Meaning of Life.Iddo Landau - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (4):604-618.
    The Brain and the Meaning of Life Paul Thagard Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2010 274 pages, ISBN: 9780691142722 (hbk): $29.95 This paper criticizes central arguments in Paul Thagard's The Brain and the Meaning of Life, concluding, contrary to Thagard, that there is very little that we can learn from brain research about the meaning of life. The paper offers a critical review of Thagard's argument against nihilism and his argument that it is love, work, and play, rather than other activities, (...)
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  26.  20
    Neurology and eugenics: the role of experimental genetics in their development.Oskar Vogt - 1932 - The Eugenics Review 24 (1):15.
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  27. Quantum neurology: A key within physics toward the knowledge of the consciousness?Fernando Lopez Aguilar - 2008 - Pensamiento 64 (242):693-713.
  28. History of Behavioral Neurology (2nd edition).Sergio Barberis & Cory Wright - 2022 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience, Vol. 1. Elsevier. pp. 1–13.
    This chapter provides a brief overview of the history of behavioral neurology, dividing it roughly into six eras. In the ancient and classical eras, emphasis is placed on two transitions: firstly, from descriptions of head trauma and attempted neurosurgical treatments to the exploratory dissections during the Hellenistic period and the replacement of cardiocentrism; and secondly, to the more systematic investigations of Galenus and the rise of pneumatic ventricular theory. In the medieval through post-Renaissance eras, the scholastic consolidation of knowledge (...)
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  29. Neurological studies and philosophical problems.Richard D. Chessick - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (October):300-312.
    The so-called “mind-brain” problem affords the greatest opportunity for the cooperation of philosophy and science in the advancement of knowledge. In this paper we will outline pertinent facts already learned about the human mind from neurological disciplines, and, using some hypotheses from outstanding workers in neurobiology, we will relate this material to some important philosophical problems. Our proposal is to examine these problems in the light of knowledge gathered from the scientific disciplines, and we hope to demonstrate how this method (...)
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  30.  2
    A neurological foundation for peaceful negotiations.Frederick L. Coolidge - 2024 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 47:e6.
    Glowacki explored the conditions required for peace and argued its preconditions arose only within the last 100,000 years. The present commentary addresses some major brain changes that occurred only in Homo sapiens within that period of time and the verbal and nonverbal cognitive sequelae of those neurological changes that may have aided the diplomatic negotiations required for peaceful solutions.
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  31.  69
    Neurological information processing and free persons.Rosemary Agonito - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):3-11.
  32.  7
    Neurological Information Processing and Free Persons.Rosemary Agonito - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):3-11.
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  33.  16
    Neurological disorders of embodied communication.Elisabeth Ahlsén - 2008 - In Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen & Günther Knoblich (eds.), Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines. Oxford University Press. pp. 285.
  34. Neurological disorders of embodied feedback.Elisabeth Ahlsén - 2008 - In Ipke Wachsmuth, Manuela Lenzen & Günther Knoblich (eds.), Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines. Oxford University Press.
  35.  8
    Neurologisms.Judy Illes - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (9):1-1.
  36.  4
    Neurology and the New Riddle of Pictorial Style.Mark Rollins - 2011 - In Elisabeth Schellekens & Peter Goldie (eds.), The Aesthetic Mind: Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press. pp. 391-413.
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  37.  1
    Editorial: Neurologic Correlates of Motor Function in Cerebral Palsy: Opportunities for Targeted Treatment.Jessica Rose, Christos Papadelis & Deborah Gaebler-Spira - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  38. A neurologically plausible model of individual differences in visual mental imagery.Stephen M. Kosslyn, Michael H. Van Kleeck & Kris N. Kirby - 1990 - In P. J. Hampson, D. F. Marks & Janet Richardson (eds.), Imagery: Current Developments. Routledge.
  39.  24
    Evolutionary neurology, responsive equilibrium, and the moral brain.Grant Gillett & Elizabeth Franz - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 45:245-250.
  40.  53
    The neurological basis of conscious color perception in a blind patient.Semir Zeki, S. Aglioti, D. McKeefry & G. Berlucchi - 1999 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 96 (24):14124-14129.
  41. A neurological foundation for freedom.Nita A. Farahany - 2016 - In Dennis Michael Patterson & Michael S. Pardo (eds.), Philosophical Foundations of Law and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  42. A Neurological Perspective.Paul-Walter Schoenle - 2001 - In MachamerPeter (ed.), Theory and Method in the Neurosciences. pp. 250.
     
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  43. The neurology of the weird: brain states and anamalous experience.Barry L. Beyerstein - 2007 - In Sergio Della Sala (ed.), Tall Tales About the Mind and Brain: Separating Fact From Fiction. Oxford University Press.
     
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  44.  14
    Neurologic Syndromes and Prolonged Survival: When Can Artificial Nutrition and Hydration Be Forgone?Ronald E. Cranford - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (1-2):13-22.
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  45.  7
    Neurologic Syndromes and Prolonged Survival: When Can Artificial Nutrition and Hydration Be Forgone?Ronald E. Cranford - 1991 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 19 (1-2):13-22.
  46.  8
    Determination of Death by Neurologic Criteria in the United States: The Case for Revising the Uniform Determination of Death Act.Ariane Lewis, Richard J. Bonnie, Thaddeus Pope, Leon G. Epstein, David M. Greer, Matthew P. Kirschen, Michael Rubin & James A. Russell - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (S4):9-24.
    Although death by neurologic criteria is legally recognized throughout the United States, state laws and clinical practice vary concerning three key issues: the medical standards used to determine death by neurologic criteria, management of family objections before determination of death by neurologic criteria, and management of religious objections to declaration of death by neurologic criteria. The American Academy of Neurology and other medical stakeholder organizations involved in the determination of death by neurologic criteria have undertaken concerted action to address (...)
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  47. Neurological Preference: LeVay's Study of Sexual Orientation.Elizabeth A. Wilson - 2000 - Substance 29 (1):23-38.
  48.  22
    Beyond neurological structures: Signs of Alzheimer’s disease and other possible cartographies.Fernanda Miranda da Cruz - 2015 - Pragmatics and Society 6 (2):240-260.
    Although clinical criteria ultimately determine the pathological diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, ‘Alzheimer’s’ is also an ordinary sign, falling within a range of other possible signs, values and beliefs that define and are used to interpret dementia and mental diseases. While looking at talk-in-interaction in which two people diagnosed with Alzheimer’s interact with other people, this article tries to show that the way in which both lay and professional people interpret Alzheimer’s signs allows us to shed some light upon the core (...)
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  49. The neurological coordinates of metaphor.Marcel Danesi - 1989 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 22 (1):73-86.
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  50.  16
    Neurological.George V. N. Dearborn - 1900 - Psychological Review 7 (3):320-322.
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