Results for 'Neuron'

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  1. A Neuron Doctrine in the Philosophy of Neuroscience.Ian Gold & Daniel Stoljar - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):809-830.
    It is widely held that a successful theory of the mind will be neuroscientific. In this paper we ask, first, what this claim means, and, secondly, whether it is true. In answer to the first question, we argue that the claim is ambiguous between two views--one plausible but unsubstantive, and one substantive but highly controversial. In answer to the second question, we argue that neither the evidence from neuroscience itself nor from other scientific and philosophical considerations supports the controversial view.
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  2.  72
    Single-Neuron Correlates of Subjective Vision in the Human Medial Temporal Lobe.G. Kreiman, I. Fried & Christof Koch - 2002 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Science Usa 99:8378-8383.
  3. Mirror Neuron Activity is No Proof for Action Understanding.Alina Steinhorst & Joachim Funke - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8:1-4.
    We focus on the thesis that action understanding is a function of the mirror neuron system. According to our opinion, understanding is a process that runs through hermeneutic circles from the “Vorverständnis” (“previous understanding”) to steps of deeper understanding. Our critique relates to the narrow neuroscientific definition of action understanding as the capacity to recognize several movements as belonging to one action. After a reconstruction of the model's developments, we will challenge the claims of the model by Rizzolatti and (...)
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  4.  30
    The Command Neuron Concept.Irving Kupfermann & Klaudiusz R. Weiss - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):3-10.
  5. Chaotic Neuron Dynamics, Synchronization, and Feature Binding: Quantum Aspects.F. Tito Arecchi - 2003 - Mind and Matter 1 (1):15-43.
    A central issue of cognitive neuroscience is to understand how a large collection of coupled neurons combines external signals with internal memories into new coherent patterns of meaning. An external stimulus localized at some input spreads over a large assembly of coupled neurons, building up a collective state univocally corresponding to the stimulus. Thus, the synchronization of spike trains of many individual neurons is the basis of a coherent perception. Based on recent investigations of homoclinic chaotic systems and their synchronization, (...)
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  6. The Embedded Neuron, the Enactive Field?M. Chirimuuta & I. Gold - 2009 - In John Bickle (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
    The concept of the receptive field, first articulated by Hartline, is central to visual neuroscience. The receptive field of a neuron encompasses the spatial and temporal properties of stimuli that activate the neuron, and, as Hubel and Wiesel conceived of it, a neuron’s receptive field is static. This makes it possible to build models of neural circuits and to build up more complex receptive fields out of simpler ones. Recent work in visual neurophysiology is providing evidence that (...)
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  7. Chaotic Neuron Dynamics, Synchronization, and Feature Binding: Quantum Aspects.Tito Arecchi - 2003 - Mind and Matter 1 (1):15-43.
    A central issue of cognitive neuroscience is to understand how a large collection of coupled neurons combines external signals with internal memories into new coherent patterns of meaning. An external stimulus localized at some input spreads over a large assembly of coupled neurons, building up a collective state univocally corresponding to the stimulus. Thus, the synchronization of spike trains of many individual neurons is the basis of a coherent perception. Based on recent investigations of homoclinic chaotic systems and their synchronization, (...)
     
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  8.  11
    Neuron and Beta‐Cell Evolution: Learning About Neurons is Learning About Beta‐Cells.Daniel Eberhard - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (7):584-584.
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  9.  39
    Mirror Neuron System Based Therapy for Aphasia Rehabilitation.Wenli Chen, Qian Ye, Xiangtong Ji, Sicong Zhang, Xi Yang, Qiumin Zhou, Fang Cong, Wei Chen, Xin Zhang, Bing Zhang, Yang Xia, Ti-Fei Yuan & Chunlei Shan - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  10.  24
    The Neuron Doctrine is an Insult to Neurons.Stuart Hameroff - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):838-839.
    As presently implemented, the neuron doctrine (ND) portrays the brain's neurons and chemical synapses as fundamental components in a computer-like switching circuit, supporting a view of brain = mind = computer. However, close examination reveals individual neurons to be far more complex than simple switches, with enormous capacity for intracellular information processing (e.g., in the internal cytoskeleton). Other poorly appreciated factors (gap junctions, apparent randomness, dendritic-dendritic processing, possible quantum computation, the living state) also suggest that the ND grossly oversimplifies (...)
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  11.  66
    Thinking About the Human Neuron Mouse.Henry T. Greely, Mildred K. Cho, Linda F. Hogle & Debra M. Satz - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (5):27 – 40.
  12.  63
    From Neuron to Consciousness: For an Experience-Based Neuroscience.Mauro Maldonato - 2009 - World Futures 65 (2):80 – 93.
    Up until only a few decades ago, not many scholars recognized scientific dignity in the problem of consciousness. In the last few years this scenario has changed. The rapid development of non-invasive research techniques that explore cerebral functions has not only increased our knowledge on the correlations between mental processes and cerebral structures, but it has fed our hopes for the possibility of facing the ancient and elusive question about the mind-brain relationship with a new way of thinking. The meeting (...)
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  13. The Neuron Dance.Rudi Anders - 2017 - Australian Humanist, The 126:16.
    Anders, Rudi They dance in view, they dance in secret. And yet they dance together...
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  14.  12
    Mirror Neuron System and Social Cognition.Christian Keysers, Marc Thioux & Valeria Gazzola - 2013 - In Simon Baron-Cohen, Michael Lombardo & Helen Tager-Flusberg (eds.), Understanding Other Minds: Perspectives From Developmental Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 233.
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  15.  17
    Neuron Doctrine: Trivial Versus Radical Versus Do Not Dichotomize.Barry Horwitz - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):839-840.
    Gold & Stoljar argue that there are two (often confused) neuron doctrines, one trivial and the other radical, with only the latter having the consequence that non-neuroscientific sciences of the mind will be discarded. They also attempt to show that there is no evidence supporting the radical doctrine. It is argued here that their dichotomy is artificial and misrepresents modern approaches to understanding the neuroscientific correlates of cognition and behavior.
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  16.  16
    Mirror Neuron and Moral Education.Hyoung-Bin Park - 2011 - Journal of Ethics: The Korean Association of Ethics 1 (81):263-289.
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  17. Das Neuron in Anatomie Und Physiologie. [REVIEW]Max Verworn - 1902 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 12:319.
     
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  18. Single Neuron Activity Underlying Behavior-Guiding Rules.Jonathan D. Wallis - 2008 - In Silvia A. Bunge & Jonathan D. Wallis (eds.), Neuroscience of Rule-Guided Behavior. Oxford University Press.
     
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  19.  31
    The Neuron Doctrine in Psychiatry.Christian Perring - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):846-847.
    Gold & Stoljar's target article is important because it shows the limitations of neurobiological theories of the mind more powerfully than previous philosophical criticisms, especially those that focus on the subjective nature of experience and those that use considerations from philosophy of language to argue for the holism of the mental. They use less controversial assumptions and clearer arguments, the conclusions of which are applicable to the whole of neuroscience. Their conclusions can be applied to psychiatry to argue that, contrary (...)
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  20. Phase Locking of Single Neuron Activity to Theta Oscillations During Working Memory in Monkey Extrastriate Visual Cortex.Han Lee & Gregory V. Simpson - 2005 - Neuron 45:147-156.
    activity” has been considered to play a major role in the short-term maintenance of memories. Many studies since then have provided support for this view and greatly advanced our knowledge of the effects of stimulus type and modality on delay activity and its temporal dynamics. In humans, working memory has also been a subject of intense investigation using scalp and intracranial electroencephalography as well as magnetoencephalography, which provide estimates of local population activity. The published findings include reports of systematic changes (...)
     
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  21.  13
    Single Neuron Transcriptome Analysis Can Reveal More Than Cell Type Classification.Lise J. Harbom, William D. Chronister & Michael J. McConnell - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (2):157-161.
    A recent single cell mRNA sequencing study by Dueck et al. compares neuronal transcriptomes to the transcriptomes of adipocytes and cardiomyocytes. Single cell ‘omic approaches such as those used by the authors are at the leading edge of molecular and biophysical measurement. Many groups are currently employing single cell sequencing approaches to understand cellular heterogeneity in cancer and during normal development. These single cell approaches also are beginning to address long‐standing questions regarding nervous system diversity. Beyond an innate interest in (...)
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  22.  40
    What Neuron Doctrines Might Never Explain.Keith Gunderson - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):837-838.
  23.  20
    Activation of Mirror Neuron Regions Is Altered in Developmental Coordination Disorder –Neurophysiological Evidence Using an Action Observation Paradigm.Jessica M. Lust, Hein T. van Schie, Peter H. Wilson, Jurjen van der Helden, Ben Pelzer & Bert Steenbergen - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  24. Epigenetic Regulation of Mirror Neuron Development, and Related Evolutionary Hypotheses.Antonella Tramacere - 2015 - In Pier Francesco Ferrari & Giacomo Rizzolatti (eds.), New Frontiers in Mirror Neurons Research.
    This chapter offers a brief review of theories on mirror neuron development, highlighting different models. These models focus on either the role of genetic mechanisms or the contributions of experience and of learning processes in shaping the brain circuits involved in action–perception coupling. As an alternative, the chapter proposes an epigenetic model for mirror neuron development, explaining how such a model can help to elucidate, within a unifying explanatory framework, the emergence, diversity, and functional reuse of mirror neurons. (...)
     
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  25.  2
    Mirror Neuron Activity During Audiovisual Appreciation of Opera Performance.Shoji Tanaka - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Opera is a performing art in which music plays the leading role, and the acting of singers has a synergistic effect with the music. The mirror neuron system represents the neurophysiological mechanism underlying the coupling of perception and action. Mirror neuron activity is modulated by the appropriateness of actions and clarity of intentions, as well as emotional expression and aesthetic values. Therefore, it would be reasonable to assume that an opera performance induces mirror neuron activity in the (...)
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  26. The Simulating Social Mind: The Role of the Mirror Neuron System and Simulation in the Social and Communicative Deficits of Autism Spectrum Disorders.Vilayanur S. Ramachandran - unknown
    The mechanism by which humans perceive others differs greatly from how humans perceive inanimate objects. Unlike inanimate objects, humans have the distinct property of being “like me” in the eyes of the observer. This allows us to use the same systems that process knowledge about self-performed actions, self-conceived thoughts, and self-experienced emotions to understand actions, thoughts, and emotions in others. The authors propose that internal simulation mechanisms, such as the mirror neuron system, are necessary for normal development of recognition, (...)
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  27. Large-Scale Optimization of Neuron Arbors.Christopher Cherniak - unknown
    At the global as well as local scales, some of the geometry of types of neuron arbors—both dendrites and axons—appears to be self-organizing: Their morphogenesis behaves like flowing water, that is, fluid dynamically; waterflow in branching networks in turn acts like a tree composed of cords under tension, that is, vector mechanically. Branch diameters and angles and junction sites conform significantly to this model. The result is that such neuron tree samples globally minimize their total volume—rather than, for (...)
     
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  28.  7
    Single-Neuron Activity and Visual Perception.Nikos K. Logothetis & David A. Leopold - 1998 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness II. MIT Press. pp. 2--309.
  29. The Informed Neuron: Issues in the Use of Information Theory in the Behavioral Sciences. [REVIEW]Jeff Coulter - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (4):583-96.
    The concept of “information” is virtually ubiquitous in contemporary cognitive science. It is claimed to be “processed” (in cognitivist theories of perception and comprehension), “stored” (in cognitivist theories of memory and recognition), and otherwise manipulated and transformed by the human central nervous system. Fred Dretske's extensive philosophical defense of a theory of informational content (“semantic” information) based upon the Shannon-Weaver formal theory of information is subjected to critical scrutiny. A major difficulty is identified in Dretske's equivocations in the use of (...)
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  30.  4
    Neuron Energy and its Psychomotor Manifestations.George V. Dearborn - 1899 - Psychological Review 6 (3):341-343.
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  31. A. lansner1.Neuron Model - 1986 - In G. Palm & A. Aertsen (eds.), Brain Theory. Springer. pp. 249.
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  32.  4
    Command Neuron, an Evolving Concept.J. L. Larimer - 1978 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (1):29-30.
  33. Neuron‐Glia Crosstalk in Neuronal Remodeling and Degeneration: Neuronal Signals Inducing Glial Cell Phagocytic Transformation in Drosophila.Ana Boulanger & Jean-Maurice Dura - 2022 - Bioessays 44 (5):2100254.
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  34.  11
    Single-Neuron Correlates of Awareness During Attentional Blinks.Zhongzheng Fu & Ueli Rutishauser - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (1):5-7.
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    A Spiking Neuron Model of Word Associations for the Remote Associates Test.Ivana Kajić, Jan Gosmann, Terrence C. Stewart, Thomas Wennekers & Chris Eliasmith - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  36. Introducing the Neuron.Michael Arbib - 1995 - In Michael A. Arbib (ed.), Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press. pp. 4--11.
  37. Constitution, and Multiple Constitution, in the Sciences: Using the Neuron to Construct a Starting Framework. [REVIEW]Carl Gillett - 2013 - Minds and Machines 23 (3):309-337.
    Inter-level mechanistic explanations in the sciences have long been a focus of philosophical interest, but attention has recently turned to the compositional character of these explanations which work by explaining higher level entities, whether processes, individuals or properties, using the lower level entities they take to compose them. However, we still have no theoretical account of the constitution or parthood relations between individuals deployed in such explanations, nor any accounts of multiple constitution. My primary focus in this paper is to (...)
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  38.  22
    Reductionism and the Neuron Doctrine: A Metaphysical Fix of Gold & Stoljar's Trivial–Radical Distinction.James Fahey & Michael Zenzen - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):835-836.
    The trivial neuron doctrine (TND) holds that psychology merely depends on neurobiology. The radical neuron doctrine (RND) goes further and claims that psychology is superfluous in that neuroscience can “replace it.” Popular among RND notions of “replacement” is “reduction,” and in our commentary we challenge Gold & Stoljar (G&S) to make clear their distinction between merely depends on (TND) and is reducible to (RND). G&S give us a TND–RND distinction that is a distinction without a difference; a defensible (...)
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  39. Molecular Biology of the Neuron.R. W. Davies & Brian J. Morris (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Nerve cells - neurons - are arguably the most complex of all cells. From the action of these cells comes movement, thought and consciousness. It is a challenging task to understand what molecules direct the various diverse aspects of their function. This has produced an ever-increasing amount of molecular information about neurons, and only in Molecular Biology of the Neuron can a large part of this information be found in one source. In this book, a non-specialist can learn about (...)
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  40.  11
    Molecular Biology of the Neuron.R. Wayne Davies (ed.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Neurons are arguably the most complex of all cells. From the action of these cells comes movement, thought and consciousness. It is a challenging task to understand what molecules direct the various diverse aspects of their function. This has produced an ever-increasing amount of molecular information about neurons, and only in Molecular Biology of the Neuron can a large part of this information be found in one source. In this book, a non-specialist can learn about the molecules that control (...)
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  41.  16
    A Spiking Neuron Model of Cortical Broadcast and Competition.Murray Shanahan - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):288-303.
    This paper presents a computer model of cortical broadcast and competition based on spiking neurons and inspired by the hypothesis of a global neuronal workspace underlying conscious information processing in the human brain. In the model, the hypothesised workspace is realised by a collection of recurrently inter-connected regions capable of sustaining and disseminating a reverberating spatial pattern of activation. At the same time, the workspace remains susceptible to new patterns arriving from outlying cortical populations. Competition among these cortical populations for (...)
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  42.  73
    A More Substantive Neuron Doctrine.Joe Y. F. Lau - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):843-844.
    (1) It is not clear from Gold and Stoljar’s definition of biological neuroscience whether it includes computational and representational concepts. If so, then their evaluation of Kandel’s theory is problematic. If not, then a more direct refutation of the radical neuron doctrine is available. (2) Objections to the psychological sciences might derive not just from the conflation of the radical and the trivial neuron doctrine. There might also be the implicit belief that for many mental phenomena, adequate theories (...)
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  43. The Churchlands' Neuron Doctrine: Both Cognitive and Reductionist.John Sutton - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):850-851.
    According to Gold & Stoljar, one cannot consistently be both reductionist about psychoneural relations and invoke concepts developed in the psychological sciences. I deny the utility of their distinction between biological and cognitive neuroscience, suggesting that they construe biological neuroscience too rigidly and cognitive neuroscience too liberally. Then, I reject their characterization of reductionism. Reductions need not go down past neurobiology straight to physics, and cases of partial, local reduction are not neatly distinguishable from cases of mere implementation. Modifying the (...)
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  44.  8
    Repressing the Neuron Within.Will Fairbrother & Diane Lipscombe - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (1):1-4.
    A myriad of coordinated signals control cellular differentiation. Reprogramming the cell's proteome drives global changes in cell morphology and function that define cell phenotype. A switch in alternative splicing of many pre‐mRNAs encoding neuronal‐specific proteins accompanies neuronal differentiation. Three groups recently showed that the global splicing repressor, polypyrimidine track‐binding protein (PTB), regulates this switch.1-3 Although a subset of neuronal genes are turned on in both non‐neuronal and neuronal cells, restricted expression of PTB in non‐neuronal cells diverts their mRNAs to nonsense‐mediated (...)
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  45.  92
    Aplasic Phantoms and the Mirror Neuron System: An Enactive, Developmental Perspective.Rachel Wood & Susan A. J. Stuart - 2009 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 8 (4):487-504.
    Phantom limb experiences demonstrate an unexpected degree of fragility inherent in our self-perceptions. This is perhaps most extreme when congenitally absent limbs are experienced as phantoms. Aplasic phantoms highlight fundamental questions about the physiological bases of self-experience and the ontogeny of a physical, embodied sense of the self. Some of the most intriguing of these questions concern the role of mirror neurons in supporting the development of self–other mappings and hence the emergence of phantom experiences of congenitally absent limbs. In (...)
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  46. How Smart is a Neuron?Alwyn Scott - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (5):70-5.
  47.  24
    Modeling Stability in Neuron and Network Function: The Role of Activity in Homeostasis.Eve Marder & Astrid A. Prinz - 2002 - Bioessays 24 (12):1145-1154.
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  48.  17
    The “Trivial Neuron Doctrine” is Not Trivial.Dale Jamieson - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):841-842.
    I argue that the trivial neuron doctrine as characterized by Gold & Stoljar is not trivial; it appears to be inconsistent with property dualism as well as some forms of functionalism and externalism. I suggest that the problem is not so much with the particular way in which Gold & Stoljar draw the distinction as with the unruliness of the distinction itself. Their failure to see this may be why they misunderstand the views of the Churchlands.
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  49.  13
    A Slightly Radical Neuron Doctrine.Frank Jackson - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):840-841.
    The element of truth in behaviorism tells us that some versions of a radical neuron doctrine must be false. However, the representational nature of many mental states implies that neuroscience may well bear on some topics traditionally addressed by philosophers of mind. An example is the individuation of belief states.
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    Reflections on the Differential Organization of Mirror Neuron Systems for Hand and Mouth and Their Role in the Evolution of Communication in Primates.Gino Coudé & Pier Francesco Ferrari - 2018 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 19 (1-2):38-53.
    It is now generally accepted that the motor system is not purely dedicated to the control of behavior, but also has cognitive functions. Mirror neurons have provided a new perspective on how sensory information regarding others’ actions and gestures is coupled with the internal cortical motor representation of them. This coupling allows an individual to enrich his interpretation of the social world through the activation of his own motor representations. Such mechanisms have been highly preserved in evolution as they are (...)
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