Results for 'Neuropsychology'

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  1. Muriel D. lezak.Identifying Neuropsychological Deficits - 1991 - In R. Lister & H. Weingartner (eds.), Perspectives on Cognitive Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
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  2.  31
    Neuropsychological inference with an interactive brain: A critique of the “locality” assumption.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):43-61.
    When cognitive neuropsychologists make inferences about the functional architecture of the normal mind from selective cognitive impairments they generally assume that the effects of brain damage are local, that is, that the nondamaged components of the architecture continue to function as they did before the damage. This assumption follows from the view that the components of the functional architecture are modular, in the sense of being informationally encapsulated. In this target article it is argued that this “locality” assumption is probably (...)
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  3. Neuropsychology and the Criminal Responsibility of Psychopaths: Reconsidering the Evidence.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (5):1003-1025.
    Recently it has been argued that certain neuropsychological findings on the decision-making, instrumental learning, and moral understanding in psychopathic offenders offer reasons to consider them not criminally responsible, due to certain epistemic and volitional impairments. We reply to this family of arguments, that collectively we call the irresponsibility of the psychopath argument. This type of argument has a premise that describes or prescribes the deficiencies that grant or should grant partial or complete criminal exculpation. The other premise contends that neuropsychological (...)
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  4. The neuropsychology of religious and spiritual experience.Andrew B. Newberg & Eugene G. D'Aquili - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (11-12):251-266.
    This paper considers the neuropsychology of religious and spiritual experiences. This requires a review of our current understanding of brain function as well as an integrated synthesis to derive a neuropsychological model of spiritual experiences. Religious and spiritual experiences are highly complex states that likely involve many brain structures including those involved in higher order processing of sensory and cognitive input as well as those involved in the elaboration of emotions and autonomic responses. Such an analysis can help elucidate (...)
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  5. The Neuropsychology of Consciousness.A. David Milner & M. D. Rugg (eds.) - 1991 - Academic Press.
  6.  4
    Neuropsychological inference with an interactive brain: A critique of the “locality” assumption.Martha J. Farah - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (1):90-100.
    When cognitive neuropsychologists make inferences about the functional architecture of the normal mind from selective cognitive impairments they generally assume that the effects of brain damage are local, that is, that the nondamaged components of the architecture continue to function as they did before the damage. This assumption follows from the view that the components of the functional architecture are modular, in the sense of being informationally encapsulated. In this target article it is argued that this “locality” assumption is probably (...)
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  7. A neuropsychological model of memory and consciousness.Morris Moscovitch - 1992 - In L. R. Squire & N. Butters (eds.), Neuropsychology of Memory. Guilford Press.
  8.  80
    What neuropsychology tells us about consciousness.Ran Lahav - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):67-85.
    I argue that, contrary to some critics, the notion of conscious experience is a good candidate for denoting a distinct and scientifically interesting phenomenon in the brain. I base this claim mainly on an analysis of neuropsychological data concerning deficits resulting from various types of brain damage as well as some additional supporting empirical evidence. These data strongly point to the hypothesis that conscious experience expresses information that is available for global, integrated, and flexible behavior.
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  9. Cognitive neuropsychology and the philosophy of mind.Tony Stone & Martin Davies - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (4):589-622.
  10.  9
    Clinical Neuropsychology as a Specialist Profession in European Health Care: Developing a Benchmark for Training Standards and Competencies Using the Europsy Model?Laura Hokkanen, Fernando Barbosa, Amélie Ponchel, Marios Constantinou, Mary H. Kosmidis, Nataliya Varako, Erich Kasten, Sara Mondini, Sandra Lettner, Gus Baker, Bengt A. Persson & Erik Hessen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The prevalence and negative impact of brain disorders are increasing. Clinical Neuropsychology is a specialty dedicated to understanding brain-behavior relationships, applying such knowledge to the assessment of cognitive, affective, and behavioral functioning associated with brain disorders, and designing and implementing effective treatments. The need for services goes beyond neurological diseases and has increased in areas of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions, among others. In Europe, a great deal of variability exists in the education and training of Clinical Neuropsychologists. Training models (...)
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  11.  14
    Neuropsychological Consequences for Survivors of Childhood Brain Tumor in Malaysia.Hamidah Alias, Sie Chong D. Lau, Ilse Schuitema & Leo M. J. de Sonneville - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  12.  15
    A neuropsychological theory of motor skill learning.Daniel B. Willingham - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):558-584.
  13.  19
    A neuropsychological theory of positive affect and its influence on cognition.F. Gregory Ashby, Alice M. Isen & And U. Turken - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (3):529-550.
  14.  41
    A Neuropsychological Approach to Auditory Verbal Hallucinations and Thought Insertion - Grounded in Normal Voice Perception.Johanna C. Badcock - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (3):631-652.
    A neuropsychological perspective on auditory verbal hallucinations links key phenomenological features of the experience, such as voice location and identity, to functionally separable pathways in normal human audition. Although this auditory processing stream framework has proven valuable for integrating research on phenomenology with cognitive and neural accounts of hallucinatory experiences, it has not yet been applied to other symptoms presumed to be closely related to AVH – such as thought insertion. In this paper, I propose that an APS framework offers (...)
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  15. The Neuropsychological Basis of Religions, or Why God Won't Go Away.Eugene G. D'Aquili & Andrew B. Newberg - 1998 - Zygon 33 (2):187-201.
    By the end of the eighteenth century, the intellectual elite generally believed that religion would soon vanish because of the advent of the Higher Criticism and the scientific method. However, two hundred years later, religions and the concept of God have not gone away and, in many instances, appear to be gaining in strength. This paper considers the neuropsychological basis of religion and religious concepts and tries to develop an understanding of why religion does not go away so easily. In (...)
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  16.  11
    A neuropsychological theory of multiple systems in category learning.F. Gregory Ashby, Leola A. Alfonso-Reese, And U. Turken & Elliott M. Waldron - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):442-481.
  17.  71
    The Neuropsychology of Aesthetic, Spiritual, and Mystical States.Eugene G. D'Aquili & Andrew B. Newberg - 2000 - Zygon 35 (1):39-51.
    An analysis of the underlying neurophysiology of aesthetics and religiousexperience allows for the development of an Aesthetic‐Religious Continuum. This continuumpertains to the variety of creative and spiritual experiences available to human beings. This mayalso lead to an understanding of the neurophysiological mechanism underlying both“positive” and “negative” aesthetics. An analysis of this continuumallows for the ability to understand the neurophenomenological aspects of a variety of humanexperiences ranging from relatively simple aesthetic experiences to profound spiritual and unitarystates such as those obtained during (...)
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  18. A neuropsychological and evolutionary approach to animal consciousness and animal suffering.B. Bermond - 2001 - Animal Welfare Supplement 10:47- 62.
  19. Neuropsychology of awareness.Andrew W. Young - 1995 - In Antti Revonsuo & M. Kampinnen (eds.), Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  20.  19
    Neuropsychology and Linguistics: Topics of Common Research.Egon Weigl & Manfred Bierwisch - 1970 - Foundations of Language 6 (1):1-18.
  21.  10
    The neuropsychology of schizophrenia: Act 3.D. R. Hemsley, J. N. P. Rawlins, J. Feldon, S. H. Jones & J. A. Gray - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):209-215.
  22.  14
    Cognitive neuropsychology.Max Coltheart - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
  23.  68
    Précis of From neuropsychology to mental structure.Tim Shallice - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):429-438.
    Neuropsychological results are increasingly cited in cognitive theories although their methodology has been severely criticised. The book argues for an eclectic approach but particularly stresses the use of single-case studies. A range of potential artifacts exists when inferences are made from such studies to the organisation of normal function – for example, resource differences among tasks, premorbid individual differences, and reorganisation of function. The use of “strong” and “classical” dissociations minimises potential artifacts. The theoretical convergence between findings from fields where (...)
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  24.  23
    Neuropsychological interpretation of the effects of drive and incentive-motivation on general activity and instrumental behavior.Dalbir Bindra - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (1):1-22.
  25. The multiplicity of self: neuropsychological evidence and its implications for the self as a construct in psychological research.Stan Klein & Cynthia Gangi - 2010 - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1191:1-15.
    This paper examines the issue ofwhat the self is by reviewing neuropsychological research,which converges on the idea that the selfmay be more complex and differentiated than previous treatments of the topic have suggested. Although some aspects of self-knowledge such as episodic recollection may be compromised in individuals, other aspects—for instance, semantic trait summaries—appear largely intact. Taken together, these findings support the idea that the self is not a single, unified entity. Rather, it is a set of interrelated, functionally independent systems. (...)
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  26.  43
    The neuropsychology of schizophrenia.J. A. Gray, J. Feldon, J. N. P. Rawlins, D. R. Hemsley & A. D. Smith - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):1-20.
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    Neuropsychological functioning and recall of research consent information among drug court clients.David S. Festinger, Kattiya Ratanadilok, Douglas B. Marlowe, Karen L. Dugosh, Nicholas S. Patapis & David S. DeMatteo - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (2):163 – 186.
    Evidence suggests that research participants often fail to recall much of the information provided during the informed consent process. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of consent information recalled by drug court participants following a structured informed consent procedure and the neuropsychological factors that were related to recall. Eighty-five participants completed a standard informed consent procedure to participate in an ongoing research study, followed by a 17-item consent quiz and a brief neuropsychological battery 2 weeks later. Participants performed (...)
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  28. The neuropsychology of proper names.Carlo Semenza - 2009 - Mind and Language 24 (4):347-369.
    The difference between common and proper names seems to derive from specific semantic characteristics of proper names. In particular, proper names refer to specific individual entities or events, and unlike common names, rarely map onto more general semantic characteristics (attributes, concepts, categories). This fact makes the link proper names have with their reference particularly fragile. Processing proper names seems, as a consequence, to require special cognitive and neural resources. Neuropsychological findings show that proper names and common names follow functionally distinct (...)
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  29.  9
    Neuropsychological mechanisms of interval timing behavior.Matthew S. Matell & Warren H. Meck - 2000 - Bioessays 22 (1):94-103.
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  30.  28
    A neuropsychological challenge to the sentimentalism/rationalism distinction.Geoffrey S. Holtzman - 2018 - Synthese 195 (5):1873-1889.
    Critical reflection on the available neuropsychological evidence suggests that the roles of emotion and reason in moral judgment may not be distinct. This casts significant doubt on our current understanding of moral judgment, and therefore also on all philosophical theories based on that understanding. Most notably, it raises doubts about both sentimentalism and rationalism, which historically have often been treated as exclusive and exhaustive theories regarding the nature of moral concepts. As an alternative, I endorse pluralism with regard to the (...)
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  31.  18
    Neuropsychological Assessment of Older Adults With Virtual Reality: Association of Age, Schooling, and General Cognitive Status.Camila R. Oliveira, Brandel J. P. Lopes Filho, Cristiane S. Esteves, Tainá Rossi, Daniela S. Nunes, Margarida M. B. M. P. Lima, Tatiana Q. Irigaray & Irani I. L. Argimon - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9:355603.
    The development of neuropsychological assessment methods using virtual reality (VR) is a valid and promising option for the detection of cognitive impairment in the older people, focusing on activities composed of tasks of multiple demands. This study verified the association of age, schooling, and general cognitive status on the performance of neurologically healthy older adults in ECO-VR, a virtual reality task of multiple demands for neuropsychological assessment. A total of 111 older adults answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Mini Mental State (...)
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  32. Neuropsychology for occupational therapists: Cognition in occupational performance.[author unknown] - 2017
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  33.  74
    Psychopathy, executive functions, and neuropsychological data: a response to Sifferd and Hirstein.Marko Jurjako & Luca Malatesti - 2018 - Neuroethics 11 (1):55-65.
    Psychopathy, executive functions, and neuropsychological data: a response to Sifferd and Hirstein.
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  34. Neuropsychological development.Michelle de Haan & Mark H. Johnson - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  35.  35
    Computational Neuropsychology and Bayesian Inference.Thomas Parr, Geraint Rees & Karl J. Friston - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  36. Précis of The neuropsychology of anxiety: An enquiry into the functions of the septo-hippocampal system.Jeffrey A. Gray - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):469-484.
    A model of the neuropsychology of anxiety is proposed. The model is based in the first instance upon an analysis of the behavioural effects of the antianxiety drugs in animals. From such psychopharmacologi-cal experiments the concept of a “behavioural inhibition system” has been developed. This system responds to novel stimuli or to those associated with punishment or nonreward by inhibiting ongoing behaviour and increasing arousal and attention to the environment. It is activity in the BIS that constitutes anxiety and (...)
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  37. A neuropsychological study of fact memory and source amnesia.Ap Shimamura & Lr Squire - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (5):325-325.
     
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  38.  17
    Neuropsychological Analogies Of Inattentional Blindness.Glyn Humphreys - 2000 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 6.
    I discuss the relations between the phenomenon of inattentional blindness and neuropsychological syndromes such as visual neglect, extinction and simultanagnosia. While there are similarities in the types of unconscious processing apparent in inattentional blindness and in these syndromes, there are also differences - for instance, grouping affects the reportability of stimuli in some neuropsychological syndromes but not necessarily in inattentional blindness. The reasons for such discrepancies, and the link between unconscious processing and underlying neural structures are discussed.
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  39. Neuropsychological evidence for multimodal representations of space near specific body parts.E. Ladavas & A. Farnè - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press. pp. 69--98.
     
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  40. Neuropsychological data, intuitions, and semantic theories.Diego Marconi - 2005 - Mind and Society 4 (2):149-162.
    1. The issue - The reflection I am proposing was stimulated by some recent research on the mental processing of proper names. However, the issue I am raising is independent of both the particular nature of such results and the fact that they are accepted as well established. The question I would like to ask is whether (neuro)psychological results on the mental processing of language can falsify (or confirm) semantic theses about natural language. By a semantic thesis I mean something (...)
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  41.  19
    Human neuropsychology and the concept of culture.Lee Xenakis Blonder - 1991 - Human Nature 2 (2):83-116.
    American anthropology is distinguished by a four-fields approach in which biological, cultural, archaeological, and linguistic dimensions of behavior are examined in evolutionary and cross-cultural perspective. Nevertheless, assumptions of mind-body dualism pervade scholarly thinking in anthropology and have prevented the development of a truly integrated science of human experience. This dualism is most exemplified by the lack of consideration of the role of the brain in both “physical” and “mental” processes, including phenomena labeled as cultural. In this paper, I review neural (...)
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  42. Neuropsychological research and the fractionation of memory systems.T. Shallice - 1979 - In L. Nilsson (ed.), Perspectives on Memory Research. pp. 257--277.
  43.  3
    Neuropsychological Profile of College Students Who Engage in Binge Drinking.Jae-Gu Kang & Myung-Sun Kim - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    This study investigated the neuropsychological profile of college students who engage in binge drinking using comprehensive neuropsychological tests evaluating verbal/non-verbal memory, executive functions, and attention. Groups were determined based on scores on the Korean version of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test and Alcohol Use Questionnaire. There were 79 and 81 participants in the BD and non-BD groups, respectively. We administered the Korean version of the California Verbal Learning Test and Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test to evaluate verbal and non-verbal memory, (...)
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  44. The neuropsychology of insight in psychiatric and neurological disorders.Frank Laroi & William B. Barr & Richard S. E. Keefe - 2004 - In Xavier F. Amador & Anthony S. David (eds.), Insight and Psychosis: Awareness of Illness in Schizophrenia and Related Disorders. Oxford University Press.
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  45. The neuropsychology of insight in psychiatric and neurological disorders.Frank Laroi, William B. Barr & Keefe & S. E. Richard - 2004 - In Xavier F. Amador & Anthony S. David (eds.), Insight and Psychosis: Awareness of Illness in Schizophrenia and Related Disorders. Oxford University Press.
     
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  46. Neuropsychology of complex forms of memory.Alexander R. Luria - 1979 - In L. Nilsson (ed.), Perspectives on Memory Research. pp. 279--289.
  47. Neuropsychology of Memory.G. J. Thomas & J. M. Ordy - 1992
  48.  24
    Neuropsychological evidence and the semantic/episodic distinction.Alan D. Baddeley - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):238.
  49.  1
    Neuropsychological predictions on involuntary autobiographical memory and déjà vu.Christine Bastin - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e359.
    I strongly support Barzykowski and Moulin in their proposal that common retrieval mechanisms can lead to distinct phenomenological memory experiences. I emphasize the importance of one of these mechanisms, namely the attribution system. Neuropsychological studies should help clarifying the role of these retrieval mechanisms, notably in cases of medial temporal-lobe lesions and cases of dementia.
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    On Neuropsychology in Southern African Rock Art Research.Geoffrey Blundell - 1998 - Anthropology of Consciousness 9 (1):3-12.
    This paper provides a brief history of neuropsychology in southern African San (Bushman) rock art research before moving on to describe what is known as the neuropsychological model. It shows how the model has added a powerful tool to the ethnographically‐based interpretation of the art by applying it to two paintings. Following this, some future possibilities for using the model are discussed.
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