Results for 'Nicholas Adamson'

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  1. Proclus’ Legacy.Filip Karfík & Peter Adamson - 2016 - In Pieter D'Hoine & Marije Martijn (eds.), All From One: A Guide to Proclus. Oxford University Press UK.
    This last chapter presents highlights from the history of the reception of Proclus’ thought. It starts with the reception in late antiquity and the Middle Ages, and subsequently discusses Renaissance and modernity. For the Greek tradition, the authors show how Damascius and pseudo-Dionysius adopt and adapt Proclus’ thought, and briefly touch on a Byzantine critic of Proclus: Nicholas of Methone. For the Arabic reception the authors show how the Discourse on the Pure Good adjusts Proclean metaphysics to Muslim and (...)
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  2. Al-KindĪ and the Mu‘Tazila: Divine Attributes, Creation and Freedom: Peter Adamson.Peter Adamson - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):45-77.
    The paper discusses al-Kindī's response to doctrines held by contemporary theologians of the Mu‘tazilite school: divine attributes, creation, and freedom. In the first section it is argued that, despite his broadly negative theology, al-Kindī recognizes a special kind of “essential” positive attribute belonging to God. The second section argues that al-Kindī agreed with the Mu‘tazila in holding that something may not yet exist but still be an object of God's knowledge and power. Also it presents a new parallel between al-Kindī (...)
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  3.  49
    Al-Kindi.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through (...)
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  4. Moral Disagreement and Moral Relativism*: NICHOLAS L. STURGEON.Nicholas L. Sturgeon - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (1):80-115.
    In any society influenced by a plurality of cultures, there will be widespread, systematic differences about at least some important values, including moral values. Many of these differences look like deep disagreements, difficult to resolve objectively if that is possible at all. One common response to the suspicion that these disagreements are unsettleable has always been moral relativism. In the flurry of sympathetic treatments of this doctrine in the last two decades, attention has understandably focused on the simpler case in (...)
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  5.  16
    Philosophical Purpose and Purposive Philosophy: An Interview with Nicholas Rescher.Nicholas Rescher & Jamie Morgan - 2019 - Journal of Critical Realism 19 (1):58-77.
    Volume 19, Issue 1, February 2020, Page 58-77.
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  6.  26
    Hildegard Elisabeth Keller, ed., Jakob Ruf: Leben, Werk und Studien, 1: Mit der Arbeit seiner Hände: Leben und Werk des Zürcher Stadtchirurgen und Theatermachers Jakob Ruf , with Linus Hunkeler, Andrea Kauer, and Stefan Schöbi, 2nd ed.; 2: Jakob Ruf, Werke bis 1544: Kritische Gesamtausgabe, part 1; 3: Jakob Ruf, Werke 1545–1549: Kritische Gesamtausgabe, part 2; 4: Jakob Ruf, Werke 1550–1558: Kritische Gesamtausgabe, part 3; 5: Die Anfänge der Menschwerdung: Perspektiven zur Medien-, Medizin- und Theatergeschichte des 16. Jahrhunderts. Zurich: Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 2008. 1: pp. 320 plus CD in back cover pocket; color figures and 108 black-and-white figures. 2: pp. 780. 3: pp. 708. 4: pp. 1020. 5: pp. 724 plus CD in back cover pocket; many black-and-white facsimiles. First ed. of vol. 1 published in 2006 by Chronos, Zurich, and reviewed in Speculum 83 , 206–7, by Melitta Weiss Adamson[REVIEW]Melitta Weiss Adamson - 2010 - Speculum 85 (3):694-696.
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  7. Interpreting Avicenna: Critical Essays.Peter Adamson (ed.) - 2013 - Cambridge University Press.
    Avicenna is the greatest philosopher of the Islamic world. His immense impact on Christian and Jewish medieval thought, as well as on the subsequent Islamic tradition, is charted in this volume alongside studies which provide a comprehensive introduction to and analysis of his philosophy. Contributions from leading scholars address a wide range of topics including Avicenna's life and works, conception of philosophy and achievement in logic and medicine. His ideas in the main areas of philosophy, such as epistemology, philosophy of (...)
     
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  8.  37
    Partnership with God: A Partial Solution to the Problem of Petitionary Prayer: NICHOLAS D. SMITH & ANDREW C. YIP.Nicholas D. Smith - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):395-410.
    Why would God make us ask for some good He might supply, and why would it be right for God to withhold that good unless and until we asked for it? We explain why present defences of petitionary prayer are insufficient, but argue that a world in which God makes us ask for some goods and then supplies them in response to our petitions adds value to the world that would not be available in worlds in which God simply supplied (...)
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  9. Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction.Peter Adamson - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In the history of philosophy, few topics are so relevant to today's cultural and political landscape as philosophy in the Islamic world. Yet, this remains one of the lesser-known philosophical traditions. In this Very Short Introduction, Peter Adamson explores the history of philosophy among Muslims, Jews, and Christians living in Islamic lands, from its historical background to thinkers in the twentieth century.Introducing the main philosophical themes of the Islamic world, Adamson integrates ideas from the Islamic and Abrahamic faiths (...)
     
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  10. In the Age of Al-Fārābī: Arabic Philosophy in the Fourth-Tenth Century.Peter Adamson (ed.) - 2008 - Warburg Institute.
  11.  25
    The Development of Modern Philosophy.Robert Adamson - 1903 - Freeport, N.Y., Books for Libraries Press.
    THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY. INTRODUCTION. THE impulse which leads us to study the history of philosophy is not mere curiosity. ...
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  12. The Arabic Plotinus: A Philosophical Study of the Theology of Aristotle.Peter Adamson - 2002 - Duckworth.
  13. Pure Logic, and Other Minor Works, Ed. By R. Adamson and H.A. Jevons.William Stanley Jevons & Robert Adamson - 1890
  14. Philosophy in the Islamic World: A History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps, Volume 3.Peter Adamson - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Peter Adamson presents the first full history of philosophy in the Islamic world for a broad readership. He traces its development from early Islam to the 20th century, ranging from Spain to South Asia, featuring Jewish and Christian thinkers as well as Muslim. Major figures like Avicenna, Averroes, and Maimonides are covered in great detail, but the book also looks at less familiar thinkers, including women philosophers. Attention is also given to the philosophical relevance of Islamic theology and mysticism--the (...)
     
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  15. Complete Philosophical and Theological Treatises of Nicholas of Cusa.Jasper Nicholas & Hopkins - 2001
    http://www.cla.umn.edu/jhopkins/ Taken together, twenty-four of these works constitute Nicholas of Cusa’s complete philosophical and theological treatises. They must be supplemented by studying his richly conceptual sermons, along with his ecclesiological and exegetical writings such as De Concordantia Catholica and Coniectura de Ultimis Diebus. His mathematical writings are also of interest, even though they are not of lasting importance, as Gottfried Leibniz rightly recognized.
     
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  16.  31
    I—Memory From Plato to Damascius.Peter Adamson - 2019 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 93 (1):161-184.
    Taking its cue from a passage in which the late pagan Neoplatonist Damascius criticizes his predecessor Proclus, this paper explores the way that ancient philosophers understood the soul’s access to its own tacit contents through the power of memory. Late ancient discussions of this issue respond to a range of passages in Plato and to Aristotle’s On Memory. After a survey of this material it is shown that for Damascius, but not Proclus, memory requires a distinction between the subject and (...)
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  17. Al-Kindi and the Reception of Greek Philosophy.Peter Adamson - 2005 - In Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 32--51.
  18.  62
    The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy.Peter Adamson & Richard C. Taylor (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy written in Arabic and in the Islamic world represents one of the great traditions of Western philosophy. Inspired by Greek philosophical works and the indigenous ideas of Islamic theology, Arabic philosophers from the ninth century onwards put forward ideas of great philosophical and historical importance. This collection of essays, by some of the leading scholars in Arabic philosophy, provides an introduction to the field by way of chapters devoted to individual thinkers or groups, especially during the 'classical' period from (...)
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  19. Abū Bakr Al-Rāzī on Animals.Peter Adamson - 2012 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 94 (3):249-273.
    Abū Bakr al-Rāzī (d. 925), a doctor known not only for his medical expertise but also for his notorious philosophical ideas, has not yet been given due credit for his ideas on the ethical treatment of animals. This paper explores the philosophical and theological background of his remarks on animal welfare, arguing that al-Rāzī did not (as has been claimed) see animals as possessing rational, intellectual souls like those of humans. It is also argued that al-Rāzī probably did not, as (...)
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  20.  59
    Why Do Colours Look the Way They Do?: Nicholas Unwin.Nicholas Unwin - 2011 - Philosophy 86 (3):405-424.
    A major part of the mind–body problem is to explain why a given set of physical processes should give rise to perceptual qualities of one sort rather than another. Colour hues are the usual example considered here, and there is a lively debate as to whether the results of colour vision science can provide convincing explanations of why colours actually look the way they do. The internal phenomenological structure of colours is considered here in some detail, and a comparison is (...)
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  21.  52
    The Thought Experimental Method: Avicenna's Flying Man Argument.Peter Adamson & Fedor Benevich - 2018 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 4 (2):147-164.
    No argument from the Arabic philosophical tradition has received more scholarly attention than Avicenna's ‘flying man’ thought experiment, in which a human is created out of thin air and is able to grasp his existence without grasping that he has a body. This paper offers a new interpretation of the version of this thought experiment found at the end of the first chapter of Avicenna's treatment of soul in theHealing. We argue that it needs to be understood in light of (...)
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  22.  26
    Al-Kindi.Peter Adamson - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Al-Kindi was the first philosopher of the Islamic world. He lived in Iraq and studied in Baghdad, where he became attached to the caliphal court. In due course he would become an important figure at court: a tutor to the caliph's son, and a central figure in the translation movement of the ninth century, which rendered much of Greek philosophy, science, and medicine into Arabic. Al-Kindi's wide-ranging intellectual interests included not only philosophy but also music, astronomy, mathematics, and medicine. Through (...)
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  23.  98
    Vision, Light and Color in Al-Kindi, Ptolemy and the Ancient Commentators.Peter Adamson - 2006 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2):207-236.
    Al-Kindi was influenced by two Greek traditions in his attempts to explain vision, light and color. Most obviously, his works on optics are indebted to Euclid and, perhaps indirectly, to Ptolemy. But he also knew some works from the Aristotelian tradition that touch on the nature of color and vision. Al-Kindi explicitly rejects the Aristotelian account of vision in his De Aspectibus, and adopts a theory according to which we see by means of a visual ray emitted from the eye. (...)
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  24.  48
    Xi*-on Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273-294.
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  25.  29
    Ethics in Plato's Republic: Nicholas Denyer.Nicholas Denyer - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 20:19-32.
    Why should I be just? What have I to gain if I am decent, honest, moral, upright, fair and truthful? Other people benefit if I am just, but do I? And doesn't it seem clear that sometimes the benefit that other people receive from my being just is a benefit received at my expense? Perhaps then I have no adequate reason to be just. Perhaps if I have any sense I will not bother.
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  26.  9
    Les Liaisons Dangereuses: Resource Surveillance, Uranium Diplomacy and Secret French–American Collaboration in 1950s Morocco.Matthew Adamson - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Science 49 (1):79-105.
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  27. On Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273–294.
    Avicenna's notorious claim that God knows particulars only 'in a universal way' is argued to have its roots in Aristotelian epistemology, and especially in the "Posterior Analytics". According to Avicenna and Aristotle as understood by Avicenna, there is in fact no such thing as 'knowledge' of particulars, at least not as such. Rather, a particular can only be known by subsuming it under a universal. Thus Avicenna turns out to be committed to a much more surprising epistemological thesis: even humans (...)
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  28. Epictetus: A Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life.Peter Adamson - 2003 - Mind 112 (446):363-366.
  29.  19
    The Degrees of Knowledge.Jacques Maritain, Bernard Wall & Margot Robert Adamson - 1937 - London: G. Bles, the Centenary Press.
  30.  5
    II–Nicholas Denyer.Nicholas Denyer - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):163-178.
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  31. Nicholas Maxwell.Nicholas Maxwell - unknown
    We are in a state of impending crisis. And the fault lies in part with academia. For two centuries or so, academia has been devoted to the pursuit of knowledge and technological know-how. This has enormously increased our power to act which has, in turn, brought us both all the great benefits of the modern world and the crises we now face. Modern science and technology have made possible modern industry and agriculture, the explosive growth of the world’s population, global (...)
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  32. Nicholas of Cusa on God as Not-Other: A Translation and an Appraisal of De Li Non Aliud.Nicholas - 1987 - A.J. Banning Press.
  33.  21
    Fakhr Al-Dīn Al-Rāzī on Place.Peter Adamson - 2017 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 27 (2):205-236.
  34.  49
    Functional Fixedness as Related to Problem Solving: A Repetition of Three Experiments.Robert E. Adamson - 1952 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):288.
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  35. The Philosophical Works of Al-Kindi.Peter E. Pormann & Peter Adamson (eds.) - 2012 - Oup Pakistan.
    Al-Kindī, honoured as the 'philosopher of the Arabs', was the first philosopher of Islam. His pioneer philosophical writings engage with ideas that became available through the Graeco-Arabic translation movement. This volume makes his entire philosophical output-some two dozen works-available in English, most of them for the first time. An overall introduction, introductions to each work and extensive notes explain al-Kindī's ideas, sources, and influence.
     
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  36. Nicholas Capaldi. [REVIEW]Nicholas Capaldi - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (3):669-669.
    David Owen wants to understand what Hume means by reason, given its pivotal importance in the wide range of issues that Hume discusses in his philosophical works. In order to achieve that understanding, Owen places Hume in the historical context of writers such as Descartes and Locke, what was later referred to as the way of ideas. Owen objects to stating Humes views in terms of contemporary semantic frameworks. After a careful review of the many contexts in which Hume discusses (...)
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  37.  7
    Nicholas Rescher on Hypothetical Reasoning and the Coherence of Systems of Knowledge.Nicholas J. Moutafakis - 1984 - Idealistic Studies 14 (3):229-236.
    In his celebrated article on the contrary-to-fact conditional Roderick Chisholm makes the following astute observation.
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  38.  6
    Nicholas Rescher’s Publications on Leibniz.Nicholas Rescher - 2006 - In Studies in Leibniz's Cosmology. De Gruyter. pp. 207-210.
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  39.  17
    Important but Neglected Ethical and Cultural Considerations in the Fight Against HIV/AIDS in Malawi.Adamson S. Muula & Joseph M. Mfutso-Bengo - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (5):479-488.
    Southern African countries have the highest HIV infection rates in the world. In most of the countries in the region, the rate among adults is at least 10%. The fight against HIV/AIDS has mostly been inadequate owing to the lack of proper consideration of ethical and cultural issues. In this article, the authors discuss the ethical and cultural dilemmas concerning HIV/AIDS, with Malawi as a case in point. It is argued that increasing financial resources alone, as exemplified by the Global (...)
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  40.  7
    Xi *-on Knowledge of Particulars.Peter Adamson - 2005 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (1):257-278.
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  41.  50
    Neoplatonism: The Last Ten Years.Peter Adamson - 2015 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 9 (2):205-220.
  42. Before Essence and Existence: Al-Kindi's Conception of Being.Peter Adamson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):297-312.
    This paper studies the first metaphysical theory in Arabic philosophy, that of al-Kindi, as found in "On First Philosophy" and other of his works. Placing these works against the background of translations produced in al-Kindi's circle (the "Theology of Aristotle," which is the Arabic version of Plotinus, and the "Liber de Causis," the Arabic version of Proclus' "Elements of Theology"), it argues that al-Kindi has two conceptions of being: "simple" being, which excludes predication and derives from Neoplatonism, and "complex" being, (...)
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  43.  15
    Some Geographical Aspects of the Cape Flora.R. S. Adamson - 1948 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 31 (5):437-464.
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  44.  7
    The Ethics of Developed Nations Recruiting Nurses From Developing Countries: The Case of Malawi.Adamson S. Muula, Joseph M. Mfutso-Bengo, Joan Makoza & Elita Chatipwa - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (4):433-438.
    There is currently a global shortage of nurses. Developing countries such as Malawi are among those hardest hit by this shortage. The demands on available nurses have increased and at the same time there is a lack of interest in becoming a nurse owing to the poor working conditions among those still employed in the service. It is questionable if developed nations should recruit nurses from countries such as Malawi, where severe human resource constraints are being experienced. We argue in (...)
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  45.  2
    Yaḥyā Ibn ʿAdī on the Location of God.Peter Adamson & Robert Wisnovsky - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 1 (1).
    This piece offers an edition, translation, and analysis of a newly discovered text by Yaḥyā Ibn ʿAdī, a leading Aristotelian of the Baghdad school in the tenth century. It briefly discusses what Aristotle meant, at the end of the Physics, by saying that the Prime Mover is “in” the outermost heaven. Ibn ʿAdī argues, in part through an exhaustive discussion of the senses of the word “in,” that God is in the sphere only in the sense that an object of (...)
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  46.  29
    Renegotiating Ethics in Literature, Philosophy, and Theory.Jane Adamson, Richard Freadman & David Parker (eds.) - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is it possible for postmodernism to offer viable, coherent accounts of ethics? Or are our social and intellectual worlds too fragmented for any broad consensus about the moral life? These issues have emerged as some of the most contentious in literary and philosophical studies. In Renegotiating Ethics in Literature, Philosophy, and Theory a distinguished international gathering of philosophers and literary scholars address the reconceptualisations involved in this 'turn towards ethics'. An important feature of this has been a renewed interest in (...)
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  47.  15
    A Tangled Web: Views of Deception From the Customer's Perspective.Erin Adamson Gillespie, Katie Hybnerova, Carol Esmark & Stephanie M. Noble - 2016 - Business Ethics: A European Review 25 (2):198-216.
    While there has been extensive research on deception, extant literature has not examined how deception is processed solely from the customer's perspective. Extensive qualitative interviews were conducted and analyzed to inform the proposed framework. Cognitive dissonance theory and attribution theory are used to frame the process consumers go through when deception is perceived. When consumers perceive deceit, they will consider attribution before determining intentionality. Internal attributions relieve the company of wrongdoing to some extent, whereas external attributions lead consumers to examine (...)
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  48. Representation in Cognitive Science.Nicholas Shea - 2018 - Oxford University Press.
    How can we think about things in the outside world? There is still no widely accepted theory of how mental representations get their meaning. In light of pioneering research, Nicholas Shea develops a naturalistic account of the nature of mental representation with a firm focus on the subpersonal representations that pervade the cognitive sciences.
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  49.  19
    Arabic Philosophy and Theology Before Avicenna.Peter Adamson - 2012 - In John Marenbon (ed.), The Oxford Handbook to Medieval Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 58.
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  50.  23
    English Education: 1789-1902.John William Adamson - 1966 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (2):223-223.
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