Results for 'Nicholas D. McGinnis'

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  1.  42
    The Unexpected Applicability of Paraconsistent Logic: A Chomskyan Route to Dialetheism. [REVIEW]Nicholas D. McGinnis - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (4):625-640.
    Paraconsistent logics are characterized by rejection of ex falso quodlibet, the principle of explosion, which states that from a contradiction, anything can be derived. Strikingly these logics have found a wide range of application, despite the misgivings of philosophers as prominent as Lewis and Putnam. Such applications, I will argue, are of significant philosophical interest. They suggest ways to employ these logics in philosophical and scientific theories. To this end I will sketch out a ‘naturalized semantic dialetheism’ following Priest’s early (...)
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  2.  1
    Summoning Knowledge in Plato's Republic.Nicholas D. Smith - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Nicholas D. Smith considers an original interpretation of the Republic, presenting it as a work about knowledge and education. Smith pays particular attention to Plato's use of images as representations of higher realities in education, as well as the power of knowledge in the Republic.
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  3.  6
    Nietzsche's Last Laugh: Ecce Homo as Satire.Nicholas D. More - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Nietzsche's Ecce Homo was published posthumously in 1908, eight years after his death, and has been variously described ever since as useless, mad, or merely inscrutable. Against this backdrop, Nicholas D. More provides the first complete and compelling analysis of the work, and argues that this so-called autobiography is instead a satire. This form enables Nietzsche to belittle bad philosophy by comic means, attempt reconciliation with his painful past, review and unify his disparate works, insulate himself with humor from (...)
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  4.  56
    Socratic Moral Psychology.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Socrates' moral psychology is widely thought to be 'intellectualist' in the sense that, for Socrates, every ethical failure to do what is best is exclusively the result of some cognitive failure to apprehend what is best. Until publication of this book, the view that, for Socrates, emotions and desires have no role to play in causing such failure went unchallenged. This book argues against the orthodox view of Socratic intellectualism and offers in its place a comprehensive alternative account that explains (...)
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  5.  1
    Socrates on Self-Improvement: Knowledge, Virtue, and Happiness.Nicholas D. Smith - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    What model of knowledge does Plato's Socrates use? In this book, Nicholas D. Smith argues that it is akin to knowledge of a craft which is acquired by degrees, rather than straightforward knowledge of facts. He contends that a failure to recognize and identify this model, and attempts to ground ethical success in contemporary accounts of propositional or informational knowledge, have led to distortions of Socrates' philosophical mission to improve himself and others in the domain of practical ethics. He (...)
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  6. Socratic Moral Psychology.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Socrates' moral psychology is widely thought to be 'intellectualist' in the sense that, for Socrates, every ethical failure to do what is best is exclusively the result of some cognitive failure to apprehend what is best. Until publication of this book, the view that, for Socrates, emotions and desires have no role to play in causing such failure went unchallenged. This book argues against the orthodox view of Socratic intellectualism and offers in its place a comprehensive alternative account that explains (...)
     
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  7.  35
    Dialogue and Discovery: A Study in Socratic Method. [REVIEW]Nicholas D. Smith - 1987 - Ancient Philosophy 7:215-219.
  8. Socrates on Trial.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 1990 - Princeton University Press.
    Thomas Brickhouse and Nicholas Smith offer a comprehensive historical and philosophical interpretation of, and commentary on, one of Plato's most widely read works, the Apology of Socrates. Virtually every modern interpretation characterizes some part of what Socrates says in the Apology as purposefully irrelevant or even antithetical to convincing the jury to acquit him at his trial. This book, by contrast, argues persuasively that Socrates offers a sincere and well-reasoned defense against the charges he faces. First, the authors establish (...)
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  9.  3
    What the Ancients Offer to Contemporary Epistemology.Stephen Hetherington & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) - 2019 - Routledge.
    This book encourages renewed attention by contemporary epistemologists to an area most of them overlook: ancient philosophy. Readers are invited to revisit writings by Plato, Aristotle, Pyrrho, and others, and to ask what new insights might be gained from those philosophical ancestors. Are there ideas, questions, or lines of thought that were present in some ancient philosophy and that have subsequently been overlooked? Are there contemporary epistemological ideas, questions, or lines of thought that can be deepened by gazing back upon (...)
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  10. FMRI Reveals Large-Scale Network Activation in Minimally Conscious Patients.Nicholas D. Schiff, D. Rodriguez-Moreno & A. Kamal - 2005 - Neurology 64:514-523.
  11. The Trial and Execution of Socrates: Sources and Controversies.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Socrates is one of the most important yet enigmatic philosophers of all time; his fame has endured for centuries despite the fact that he never actually wrote anything. In 399 B.C.E., he was tried on the charge of impiety by the citizens of Athens, convicted by a jury, and sentenced to death (ordered to drink poison derived from hemlock). About these facts there is no disagreement. However, as the sources collected in this book and the scholarly essays that follow them (...)
     
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  12. The Bloomsbury Companion to Socrates, 2nd Ed.Nicholas D. Smith, Russell E. Jones & Ravi Sharma (eds.) - forthcoming
     
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  13.  51
    Socrates on the Human Condition.Nicholas D. Smith - 2016 - Ancient Philosophy 36 (1):81-95.
  14. Plato’s Divided Line.Nicholas D. Smith - 1996 - Ancient Philosophy 16 (1):25-46.
  15.  96
    Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Plato and the Trial of Socrates.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith - 2004 - Routledge.
    Plato is the most important philosopher in the history of Western philosophy. This guidebook introduces and examines his three dialogues that deal with the death of Socrates: Euthphryo , Apology and Crito . These dialogues are widely regarded as the closest exposition of Socrates' ideas. Plato and the Trial of Socrates introduces and assesses: * Plato's life and the background to the three dialogues * The ideas and text in the three dialogues * Plato's continuing importance to philosophy Plato and (...)
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  16. Plato on Knowledge as a Power.Nicholas D. Smith - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (2):145-168.
  17.  17
    Listeners Invest in an Assumed Other’s Perspective Despite Cognitive Cost.Nicholas D. Duran, Rick Dale & Roger J. Kreuz - 2011 - Cognition 121 (1):22-40.
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  18.  37
    Reason and Religion in Socratic Philosophy.Nicholas D. Smith & Paul Woodruff (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume brings together mostly previously unpublished studies by prominent historians, classicists, and philosophers on the roles and effects of religion in Socratic philosophy and on the trial of Socrates. Among the contributors are Thomas C. Brickhouse, Asli Gocer, Richard Kraut, Mark L. McPherran, Robert C. T. Parker, C. D. C. Reeve, Nicholas D. Smith, Gregory Vlastos, Stephen A. White, and Paul B. Woodruff.
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  19.  36
    Individual and Conflict in Greek Ethics, by Nicholas White.Nicholas D. Smith - 2003 - Ancient Philosophy 23 (1):215.
  20. Global Disorders of Consciousness.Nicholas D. Schiff - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. pp. 589--604.
  21. Plato and Aristotle on the Nature of Women.Nicholas D. Smith - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (4):467-478.
  22. Partnership with God: A Partial Solution to the Problem of Petitionary Prayer.Nicholas D. Smith & Andrew C. Yip - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (3):395-410.
    Why would God make us ask for some good He might supply, and why would it be right for God to withhold that good unless and until we asked for it? We explain why present defences of petitionary prayer are insufficient, but argue that a world in which God makes us ask for some goods and then supplies them in response to our petitions adds value to the world that would not be available in worlds in which God simply supplied (...)
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  23.  23
    The Role of Arousal and "Gating" Systems in the Neurology of Impaired Consciousness.Nicholas D. Schiff & F. Plum - 2000 - Journal Of Clinical Neurophysiology 17:438-452.
  24.  53
    Did Plato Write the "Alcibiades I?".Nicholas D. Smith - 2004 - Apeiron 37 (2):93-108.
  25.  4
    Physician Burnout and the Americans with Disabilities Act.Nicholas D. Lawson - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (2):47-47.
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  26. Plato's Socrates.Thomas C. Brickhouse & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) - 1994 - Oup Usa.
    This book develops novel accounts of many of the most controversial topics in the philosophy of Socrates. The authors first develop Socrates' methodological, epistemological, and psychological views before examining his ethical, political, and religious convictions. The results reveals both the richness and the remarkable coherence of the philosophy of Plato's Socrates.
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  27. Plato.Nicholas D.and Thomas Brickhouse Smith - 2005 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  28. Thought Probes Philosophy Through Science Fiction.Fred Dycus Miller & Nicholas D. Smith - 1981
  29. Methods of Interpreting Plato and His Dialogues: Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy: Supplementary Volume, 1992.James C. Klagge & Nicholas D. Smith (eds.) - 1992 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy is an annual publication which includes original articles on a wide range of topics in ancient philosophy, and review articles of major books. In this supplementary volume, a number of renowned scholars of Plato reflect upon their interpretative methods. Topics covered include the use of ancient authorities in interpreting Plato's dialogues, Plato's literary and rhetorical style, his arguments and characters, and his use of the dialogue form. The collection is not intended as a comprehensive survey (...)
     
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  30.  43
    Knowledge.Ian Evans & Nicholas D. Smith - 2012 - Polity.
    Introductions to the theory of knowledge are plentiful, but none introduce students to the most recent debates that exercise contemporary philosophers. Ian Evans and Nicholas D. Smith aim to change that. Their book guides the reader through the standard theories of knowledge while simultaneously using these as a springboard to introduce current debates. Each chapter concludes with a “Current Trends” section pointing the reader to the best literature dominating current philosophical discussion. These include: the puzzle of reasonable disagreement; the (...)
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  31. Nietzsche's Last Laugh: Ecce Homo as Satire.Nicholas D. More - 2011 - Philosophy and Literature 35 (1):1-15.
    Against the many who claim that Nietzsche’s Ecce Homo is useless, madness, or merely inscrutable, my close analysis of the philosopher’s last original composition reveals that his so-called autobiography actually inhabits an ancient literary form: satire. After establishing how to read this much-maligned book, I argue that Ecce Homo gives us the best example of Nietzsche interpreting his own philosophy, and constitutes a rhetorical and therapeutic strategy for him to engage and survive his “dangerous truths” through humor. Finally, I outline (...)
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  32.  4
    Unclarity and the Intermediates in Plato’s Discussions of Clarity in the Republic.Nicholas D. Smith - 2019 - Plato Journal 18:97-110.
    In this paper, I argue that the two versions of divided line create problems that cannot be solved — with or without the hypothesis that the objects belonging to the level of διάνοια on the divided line are intermediates. I also argue that the discussion of arithmetic and calculation does not fit Aristotle’s attribution of intermediates to Plato and provides no support for the claim that Plato had such intermediates in mind when he talked about διάνοια in the Republic. The (...)
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  33. Plato on the Power of Ignorance.Nicholas D. Smith - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy:51-73.
  34. Philosophical Reflection on Petitionary Prayer.Nicholas D. Smith - 2013 - Philosophy Compass 8 (3):309-317.
    If God actually answers prayers that petition him for something, then it seems he is willing to withhold some good from the world unless and until someone prays for those goods. But how is this compatible with His benevolence? On the other hand, if God is dedicated to providing every good to us that we may need, it would seem that He would provide these to us even if we did not pray for them. But if so, it would appear (...)
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  35.  24
    Origin and Early Evolution of the Vertebrates: New Insights From Advances in Molecular Biology, Anatomy, and Palaeontology.Nicholas D. Holland & Junyuan Chen - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (2):142-151.
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  36.  36
    Incurable Souls in Socratic Psychology.Nicholas D. Smith - 2002 - Ancient Philosophy 22 (1):21-36.
  37. On the Eternity of the World de Aeternitate Mundi. Proclus, Helen S. Lang, A. D. Macro & Jon McGinnis - 2001 - University of California Press.
    In the fifth century A.D., Proclus served as head of the Academy in Athens that had been founded 900 years earlier by Plato. Proclus was the last great systematizer of Greek philosophy, and his work exerted a powerful influence in late antiquity, in the Arab world, and in the Renaissance. His treatise_ On the Eternity of the World _formed the basis for virtually all later arguments for the eternity of the world and for the existence of God; consequently, it lies (...)
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  38.  59
    Justice and Dishonesty in Plato’s Republic.Nicholas D. Smith & Thomas Brickhouse - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):79-95.
    In this paper we explore plato's paradoxical remarks about the philosophical rulers' use of dishonesty in the "republic"--Rulers who, On the one hand, Are said to love truth above all else, But on the other hand are encouraged to make frequent use of "medicinal lies." we establish first that plato's remarks are in fact consistent, According to the relevant platonic theories too often forgotten by both critics and defenders of plato. Finally, We reformulate the underlying moral issue of the purported (...)
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  39. The Neurology of Impaired Consciousness: Challenges for Cognitive Neuroscience.Nicholas D. Schiff - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences. MIT Press. pp. 1121-1132.
  40.  21
    Sons and Fathers in Plato’s Euthyphro and Crito.Nicholas D. Smith - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):1-13.
  41.  44
    Socrates and Obedience to the Law.Nicholas D. Smith - 1984 - Apeiron 18 (1):10 - 18.
  42.  64
    Cortical Function in the Persistent Vegetative State.Nicholas D. Schiff & Fred Plum - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (2):43-44.
  43.  14
    Socratic Metaphysics?Nicholas D. Smith - 2014 - Apeiron 47 (4):419-434.
  44. How the Prisoners in Plato's Cave Are 'Like Us.'.Nicholas D. Smith - 1997 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 13:187-204.
     
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  45. Keith Lehrer on the Basing Relation.Hannah Tierney & Nicholas D. Smith - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 161 (1):27-36.
    In this paper, we review Keith Lehrer’s account of the basing relation, with particular attention to the two cases he offered in support of his theory, Raco (Lehrer, Theory of knowledge, 1990; Theory of knowledge, (2nd ed.), 2000) and the earlier case of the superstitious lawyer (Lehrer, The Journal of Philosophy, 68, 311–313, 1971). We show that Lehrer’s examples succeed in making his case that beliefs need not be based on the evidence, in order to be justified. These cases show (...)
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  46.  24
    Modeling the Minimally Conscious State: Measurements of Brain Function and Therapeutic Possibilities.Nicholas D. Schiff - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  47.  20
    Multimodal Neuroimaging Approaches to Disorders of Consciousness.Nicholas D. Schiff - 2006 - Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. Special Issue 21 (5):388-397.
  48. Plato's Analogy of Soul and State.Nicholas D. Smith - 1999 - The Journal of Ethics 3 (1):31-49.
    In Part I of this paper, I argue that the arguments Plato offers for the tripartition of the soul are founded upon an equivocation, and that each of the valid options by which Plato might remove the equivocation will not produce a tripartite soul. In Part II, I argue that Plato is not wholly committed to an analogy of soul and state that would require either a tripartite state or a tripartite soul for the analogy to hold. It follows that (...)
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  49. On the Eternity of the World. Proclus, Helen S. Lang, A. D. Macro & Jon McGinnis - 2001 - University of California Press.
    In the fifth century A.D., Proclus served as head of the Academy in Athens that had been founded 900 years earlier by Plato. Proclus was the last great systematizer of Greek philosophy, and his work exerted a powerful influence in late antiquity, in the Arab world, and in the Renaissance. His treatise_ On the Eternity of the World _formed the basis for virtually all later arguments for the eternity of the world and for the existence of God; consequently, it lies (...)
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  50.  63
    Knowledge by Acquaintance and 'Knowing What' in Plato's Republic.Nicholas D. Smith - 1979 - Dialogue 18 (3):281-288.
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