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Nicholas Evans [16]Nicholas G. Evans [8]Nicholas Greig Evans [2]
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Nicholas Evans
Australian National University
  1. The Myth of Language Universals: Language Diversity and its Importance for Cognitive Science.Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):429-448.
    Talk of linguistic universals has given cognitive scientists the impression that languages are all built to a common pattern. In fact, there are vanishingly few universals of language in the direct sense that all languages exhibit them. Instead, diversity can be found at almost every level of linguistic organization. This fundamentally changes the object of enquiry from a cognitive science perspective. This target article summarizes decades of cross-linguistic work by typologists and descriptive linguists, showing just how few and unprofound the (...)
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  2. With Diversity in Mind: Freeing the Language Sciences From Universal Grammar.Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):472-492.
    Our response takes advantage of the wide-ranging commentary to clarify some aspects of our original proposal and augment others. We argue against the generative critics of our coevolutionary program for the language sciences, defend the use of close-to-surface models as minimizing cross-linguistic data distortion, and stress the growing role of stochastic simulations in making generalized historical accounts testable. These methods lead the search for general principles away from idealized representations and towards selective processes. Putting cultural evolution central in understanding language (...)
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  3.  72
    Human Flourishing, Human Dignity, and Human Rights.John Kleinig & Nicholas G. Evans - 2013 - Law and Philosophy 32 (5):539-564.
    Rather than treating them as discrete and incommensurable ideas, we sketch some connections between human flourishing and human dignity, and link them to human rights. We contend that the metaphor of flourishing provides an illuminating aspirational framework for thinking about human development and obligations, and that the idea of human dignity is a critical element within that discussion. We conclude with some suggestions as to how these conceptions of human dignity and human flourishing might underpin and inform appeals to human (...)
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  4.  30
    Did Language Evolve in Multilingual Settings?Nicholas Evans - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):905-933.
    Accounts of language evolution have largely suffered from a monolingual bias, assuming that language evolved in a single isolated community sharing most speech conventions. Rather, evidence from the small-scale societies who form the best simulacra available for ancestral human communities suggests that the combination of small societal scale and out-marriage pushed ancestral human communities to make use of multiple linguistic systems. Evolutionary innovations would have occurred in a number of separate communities, distributing the labor of structural invention between populations, and (...)
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  5.  21
    Biosecurity and Open-Source Biology: The Promise and Peril of Distributed Synthetic Biological Technologies.Nicholas G. Evans & Michael J. Selgelid - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):1065-1083.
    In this article, we raise ethical concerns about the potential misuse of open-source biology : biological research and development that progresses through an organisational model of radical openness, deskilling, and innovation. We compare this organisational structure to that of the open-source software model, and detail salient ethical implications of this model. We demonstrate that OSB, in virtue of its commitment to openness, may be resistant to governance attempts.
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  6.  23
    Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War: Just War Theory in the 21st Century.Fritz Allhoff, Nicholas Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    This new Handbook offers a comprehensive overview of contemporary extensions and alternatives to the just war tradition in the field of the ethics of war. -/- The modern history of just war has typically assumed the primacy of four particular elements: jus ad bellum, jus in bello, the state actor, and the solider. This book will put these four elements under close scrutiny, and will explore how they fare given the following challenges: -/- • What role do the traditional elements (...)
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  7.  36
    Speak No Evil: Scientists, Responsibility, and the Public Understanding of Science. [REVIEW]Nicholas G. Evans - 2010 - NanoEthics 4 (3):215-220.
    In this paper, I will discuss the responsibilities that scientists have for ensuring their work is interpreted correctly. I will argue that there are three good reasons for scientists to work to ensure the appropriate communication of their findings. First, I will argue that scientists have a general obligation to ensure scientific research is communicated properly based on the vulnerability of others to the misrepresentation of their work. Second, I will argue that scientists have a special obligation to do so (...)
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  8.  14
    The Ethics of Biosafety Considerations in Gain-of-Function Research Resulting in the Creation of Potential Pandemic Pathogens: Table 1.Nicholas Greig Evans, Marc Lipsitch & Meira Levinson - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (11):901-908.
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  9.  7
    Dual-Use Decision Making: Relational and Positional Issues.Nicholas G. Evans - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (3-4):268-283.
    Debates about dual-use research often turn on the potential for scientific research to be used to benefit or harm humanity. This dual-use potential is conventionally understood as the product of the magnitude of the harms and benefits of dual-use research, multiplied by their likelihood. This account, however, neglects important social aspects of the use of science and technology. In this paper, I supplement existing conceptions of dual-use potential to account for the social context of dual-use research. This account incorporates relational (...)
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  10.  75
    Universals in Cognitive Theories of Language.Paul Smolensky, Emmanuel Dupoux, Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):468.
    Generative linguistics' search for linguistic universals (1) is not comparable to the vague explanatory suggestions of the article; (2) clearly merits a more central place than linguistic typology in cognitive science; (3) is fundamentally untouched by the article's empirical arguments; (4) best explains the important facts of linguistic diversity; and (5) illuminates the dominant component of language's nature: biology.
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  11.  2
    The Ethics of Social Distancing.Nicholas G. Evans - 2020 - The Philosophers' Magazine 89:96-103.
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  12.  56
    Returning Language to Culture by Way of Biology.Bjorn Merker, Nicholas Evans & Stephen C. Levinson - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):460.
    Conflation of our unique human endowment for language with innate, so-called universal, grammar has banished language from its biological home. The facts reviewed by Evans & Levinson (E&L) fit the biology of cultural transmission. My commentary highlights our dedicated learning capacity for vocal production learning as the form of our language endowment compatible with those facts.
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  13.  9
    Children of Capital: Eugenics in the World of Private Biotechnology.Nicholas G. Evans & Jonathan D. Moreno - 2015 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal 6 (3-4):285-297.
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  14.  43
    Winning Well by Fighting Well: Probability of Success and the Relations Between War’s Ends and Warfighters’ Roles.Adam Henschke & Nicholas G. Evans - 2012 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (2):149-163.
    Modern warfare has shifted from the traditional conception of states involved in self-defensive wars to include peacekeeping missions, humanitarian intervention, regional stabilisation in the face of natural disasters, and more. A central criterion from just war traditions is the probability of success—given the magnitude of harms that large military operations are expected to cause; there must be some likelihood that the military operation will be successful. However, how likely a given military operation will be is dependent, in part at least, (...)
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  15.  15
    The Social Value of Candidate HIV Cures: Actualism Versus Possibilism.Regina Brown & Nicholas Greig Evans - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (2):118-123.
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  16.  14
    Facebook Emotional Contagion Experiment Controversy.David Hunter & Nicholas Evans - 2016 - Research Ethics 12 (1):2-3.
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  17.  18
    With Great Power Comes Great Responsibility: John Forge: The Responsible Scientist: A Philosophical Inquiry. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2008, Pp. 272 US$39.95 HB.Bernard Gert, Nicholas Evans, Heather Douglas & John Forge - 2010 - Metascience 19 (1):29-43.
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  18.  8
    On Projecting Grammatical Persons Into Social Neurocognition: A View From Linguistics.Nicholas Evans - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):419 - 420.
    Though it draws on the grammatical metaphor of person (first, third, second) in terms of representations, Schilbach et al.'s target article does not consider an orthogonal line of evidence for the centrality of interaction to social cognition: the many grammatical phenomena, some widespread cross-linguistically and some only being discovered, which are geared to supporting real-time interaction. My commentary reviews these, and the contribution linguistic evidence can make to a fuller account of social cognition.
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  19.  6
    Mundari Reciprocals.Nicholas Evans & Toshiki Osada - 2011 - In Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company. pp. 98--115.
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  20.  5
    The Semantics of Reciprocal Constructions Across Languages.Asifa Majid, Nicholas Evans, Alice Gaby & Stephen C. Levinson - 2011 - In Nicholas Evans (ed.), Reciprocals and Semantic Typology. John Benjamins Pub. Company. pp. 29.
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  21.  10
    The Routledge Handbook of War and Ethics: Just War Theory in the 21st Century.Fritz Allhoff, Nicholas G. Evans & Adam Henschke (eds.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    This new Handbook offers a comprehensive overview of contemporary extensions and alternatives to the just war tradition in the field of the ethics of war.
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  22. Insubordination.Nicholas Evans & Honoré Watanabe - 2016
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  23. Instability in Stability: Therapeutic and Elaborative Periphrasis in the Dalabon Pronominal Prefix Paradigm.Nicholas Evans - 2012 - In Periphrasis: The Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms. pp. 53.
     
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  24.  17
    Reciprocals and Semantic Typology.Nicholas Evans (ed.) - 2011 - John Benjamins Pub. Company.
    That is the central goal of this volume, and it develops and explains new techniques for tackling this question.
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  25. The Irish Annals: Their Genesis, Evolution and History. [REVIEW]Nicholas Evans - 2009 - The Medieval Review 4.
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  26. The Knowing Ear: An Australian Test of Universal Claims About the Semantic Structure of Sensory Verbs and Their Extension Into the Domain of Cognition.Nicholas Evans - 1998 - Institut für Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Zu Köln.
     
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