Results for 'Nicholas H. Evans'

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  1. Walking and Balance Outcomes Are Improved Following Brief Intensive Locomotor Skill Training but Are Not Augmented by Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Persons With Chronic Spinal Cord Injury.Nicholas H. Evans, Cazmon Suri & Edelle C. Field-Fote - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    Motor training to improve walking and balance function is a common aspect of rehabilitation following motor-incomplete spinal cord injury. Evidence suggests that moderate- to high-intensity exercise facilitates neuroplastic mechanisms that support motor skill acquisition and learning. Furthermore, enhancing corticospinal drive via transcranial direct current stimulation may augment the effects of motor training. In this pilot study, we investigated whether a brief moderate-intensity locomotor-related motor skill training circuit, with and without tDCS, improved walking and balance outcomes in persons with MISCI. In (...)
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  2.  19
    Gain-of-function research and model organisms in biology.Nicholas G. Evans & Charles H. Pence - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (3):201-206.
    So-called ‘gain-of-function’ (GOF) research is virological research that results in a virus substantially more virulent or transmissible than its wild antecedent. GOF research has been subject to ethical analysis in the past, but the methods of GOF research have to date been underexamined by philosophers in these analyses. Here, we examine the typical animal used in influenza GOF experiments, the ferret, and show how despite its longstanding use, it does not easily satisfy the desirable criteria for an _animal model_. We (...)
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  3. Hermeneutics as a Metaphilosophy and a Philosophy of Work.Nicholas H. Smith - 2023 - In Michiel Meijer (ed.), Updating the interpretive turn: new arguments in hermeneutics. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. pp. 117-136.
    The ‘interpretive turn’ in twentieth-century hermeneutics rests on the general ontological claim that human reality is the reality of self-interpreting animals. But under the circumstances of advanced modernity, there are aspects of human life, or spheres of human thought and action, that appear to contradict this general thesis, in that they do not present themselves as the doings of self-interpreting animals at all. Of these, the predominant one is the sphere of work or 'productive' action. In face of historical circumstances (...)
     
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  4. Taylor and Liberal Naturalism.Nicholas H. Smith - 2022 - In Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), The Handbook of Liberal Naturalism. Routledge. pp. Ch 19.
  5. Hermeneutics and Critical Theory.Nicholas H. Smith - 2015 - In Jeff Malpas Hans-Helmuth Gander (ed.), Routledge Companion to Philosophical Hermeneutics. Routledge. pp. 600-611.
  6.  16
    Hearing and Doing: Philosophical Essays Dedicated to H. Evan Runner.H. Evan Runner - 1979 - Wedge Pub Foundation.
    This book is the result of an idea launched by the present editors of providing a gift to Dr. Runner in the form of a Festschrift written by former students. The response was overwhelming. Glenn Andreas, one of Dr. Runner's closest friends, and Paul Schrotenboer, secretary of the Reformed Ecumenical Synod, enthusiastically joined us, together with Bernard Zylstra of the Institute for Christian Studies and Harry Van Dyke of the Free University of Amsterdam, to form a committee for this purpose... (...)
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  7.  68
    Charles Taylor: meaning, morals, and modernity.Nicholas H. Smith - 2002 - Malden, MA: Polity Press.
    A clearly written, authoritative introduction to Taylor's work.
  8.  69
    Work and the Struggle for Recognition.Nicholas H. Smith - 2009 - European Journal of Political Theory 8 (1):46-60.
    This article examines a neglected but crucial feature of Honneth's critical theory: its use of a concept of recognition to articulate the norms that are apposite for the contemporary world of work. The article shows that from his first writings on the structure of critical social theory in the early 1980s to the recent exchange with Nancy Fraser on recognition and redistribution, the problem of grounding a substantive critique of work under capitalism has been central to Honneth's enterprise. This answers (...)
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  9. Rorty on religion and hope.Nicholas H. Smith - 2005 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 48 (1):76 – 98.
    The article considers how Richard Rorty's writings on religion dovetail with his views on the philosophical significance of hope. It begins with a reconstruction of the central features of Rorty's philosophy of religion, including its critique of theism and its attempt to rehabilitate religion within a pragmatist philosophical framework. It then presents some criticisms of Rorty's proposal. It is argued first that Rorty's "redescription" of the fulfilment of the religious impulse is so radical that it is hard to see what (...)
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  10.  6
    Recognition Theory as Social Research: Investigating the Dynamics of Social Conflict.Nicholas H. Smith & Shane O'Neill (eds.) - 2012 - Palgrave MacMillan.
    This edited collection presents the case for a research program (in Lakatos's sense) in the social sciences based on the theory of recognition developed by Axel Honneth and others in recent years. The cumulative argument of the book is that recognition theory provides both a plausible framework for explaining social conflict and a normative compass for reaching just resolutions.
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  11.  4
    The relation of the Bible to learning.H. Evan Runner - 1967 - Rexdale, Ont.,: Association for Reformed Scientific Studies.
  12.  88
    Work and the Politics of Misrecognition.Nicholas H. Smith & Jean-Philippe Deranty - 2012 - Res Publica 18 (1):53-64.
    In this article we examine the idea of a politics of misrecognition of working activity. We begin by introducing a distinction between the kind of recognition and misrecognition that attaches to one’s identity, and the kind of recognition and misrecognition that attaches to one’s activity. We then consider the political significance of the latter kind of recognition and misrecognition in the context of work. Drawing first on empirical research undertaken by sociologists at the Institut für Sozialforschung in Frankfurt, we argue (...)
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  13. Three normative models of work.Nicholas H. Smith - 2012 - In Nicholas H. Smith & Jean-Philippe Deranty (eds.), New Philosophies of Labour: Work and the Social Bond. Brill. pp. 181-206.
    I suggest that the post-Hegelian tradition presents us with three contrasting normative models of work. According to the first model, the core norms of work are those of means-ends rationality. In this model, the modern world of work is constitutively a matter of deploying the most effective means to bring about given ends. The rational kernel of modern work, the core norm that has shaped its development, is on this view instrumental reason, and this very same normative core, in the (...)
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  14. Basic income, social freedom and the fabric of justice.Nicholas H. Smith - 2019 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 24 (6).
    This paper examines the justice of unconditional basic income (UBI) through the lens of the Hegel-inspired recognition-theory of justice. As explained in the first part of the paper, this theory takes everyday social roles to be the primary subject-matter of the theory of justice, and it takes justice in these roles to be a matter of the kind of freedom that is available through their performance, namely ‘social’ freedom. The paper then identifies the key criteria of social freedom. The extent (...)
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  15.  30
    John Dee’s ideas and plans for a national research institute.Nicholas H. Clulee - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 43 (3):437-448.
    John Dee’s arrangements at his Mortlake house have received some attention as an English ‘academy’ or ‘experimental household.’ His ideas for St Cross, which he requested as a suitable living in 1592, have received less detailed attention. This paper examines Mortlake and his St Cross plans in detail and argues that, at their core, they shared an aspiration to create a national research institute. These plans are related to the context of Dee’s pursuit of royal patronage and his idea of (...)
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  16.  74
    Taylor on Solidarity.Nicholas H. Smith & Arto Laitinen - 2009 - Thesis Eleven 99 (1):48-70.
    After characterizing Taylor’s general approach to the problems of solidarity, we distinguish and reconstruct three contexts of solidarity in which this approach is developed: the civic, the socio-economic, and the moral. We argue that Taylor’s distinctive move in each of these contexts of solidarity is to claim that the relationship at stake poses normatively justified demands, which are motivationally demanding, but insufficiently motivating on their own. On Taylor’s conception, we need some understanding of extra motivational sources which explain why people (...)
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  17.  26
    Confronting misconduct in science in the 1980s and 1990s: What has and has not been accomplished?Nicholas H. Steneck - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (2):161-176.
    In 1985, after nearly a decade of inconclusive professional response to public concern about misconduct in research, Congress passed legislation requiring action. Subsequent to this legislation, federal agencies and research universities adopted policies for responding to allegations of misconduct in research. Conferences, sessions at professional meetings, and special publications were organized. New educational initiatives were begun, many in response to a 1989 National Institutes of Health/ Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration requirement to include ethics instruction in training grants. (...)
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  18. Expressivism in Brandom and Taylor.Nicholas H. Smith - 2010 - In James Williams, James Chase, Jack Reynolds & Edwin Mares (eds.), Postanalytic and Metacontinental: Crossing Philosophical Divides. Continuum. pp. 145--156.
    I begin by picking up on Brandom’s suggestion that expressivism follows American pragmatism in seeking to advance the cause of the Enlightenment. This provides us with a first point of contrast with Taylor’s understanding of expressivism, since Taylor takes expressivism to be inseparably bound up with the Romantic critique of the Enlightenment and as fundamentally opposed to Enlightenment naturalism. I then distinguish two features of what we ordinarily mean by the term ‘expression’, one of which provides an intuitive basis for (...)
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  19.  15
    Cross and Crucible: Johann Valentin Andreae , Phoenix of the Theologians. John Warwick Montgomery.Nicholas H. Clulee - 1976 - Isis 67 (4):640-641.
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  20.  3
    John Dee's Library CatalogueJulian Roberts Andrew G. Watson.Nicholas H. Clulee - 1992 - Isis 83 (3):533-534.
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  21.  23
    Magic, Memory and Natural Philosophy in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.Nicholas H. Clulee - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (3):364-365.
  22.  7
    The Renaissance Drama of Knowledge: Giordano Bruno in England. Hilary Gatti.Nicholas H. Clulee - 1991 - Isis 82 (2):372-373.
  23.  9
    Greatrakes the Stroker: The Interpretations of Historians.Nicholas H. Steneck - 1982 - Isis 73 (2):161-177.
  24.  19
    Institutional and individual responsibilities for integrity in research.Nicholas H. Steneck - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (4):51 – 53.
  25.  3
    Science- and Engineering-Related Ethics and Values Studies: Characteristics of an Emerging Field of Research.Nicholas H. Steneck & Rachelle D. Hollander - 1990 - Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (1):84-104.
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  26.  7
    Introduction: Philosophy of Work.Nicholas H. Smith - 2017 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 278 (4):429-433.
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  27.  9
    Integrins hold Drosophila together.Nicholas H. Brown - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (6):383-390.
    The Drosophila position‐specific (PS) integrins are members of the integrin family of cell surface receptors and are thought to be receptors for extracellular matrix components. Each PS integrin consists of an α subunit, αPS1 or αPS2, and a βPS subunit. Mutations in the βPS subunit and the αPS2 subunit have been characterised and reveal that the PS integrins have an essential role in the adhesion of different cell layers to each other. The PS integrins are especially required for the function (...)
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  28.  2
    Commentary: The University and Research Ethics.Nicholas H. Steneck - 1984 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 9 (4):6-15.
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  29. Arendt's anti-humanism of labour.Nicholas H. Smith - 2019 - European Journal of Social Theory 2 (22):175-190.
    The aim of this article is to situate Arendt’s account of labour as a critical response to humanisms of labour, or put otherwise, to situate it as an anti-humanism of labour. It compares Arendt’s account of labour with that of the most prominent humanist theorist of labour at the time of the composition of The Human Condition: Georges Friedmann. Arendt’s and Friedmann’s accounts of labour are compared specifically with respect to the range of capacities, social relations, and possibilities of fulfilment (...)
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  30.  74
    Fostering integrity in research: Definitions, current knowledge, and future directions. [REVIEW]Nicholas H. Steneck - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):53-74.
    This article is concerned with a discussion of the plausibility of the claim that GM technology has the potential to provide the hungry with sufficient food for subsistence. Following a brief outline of the potential applications of GM in this context, a history of the green revolution and its impact will be discussed in relation to the current developing world agriculture situation. Following a contemporary analysis of malnutrition, the claim that GM technology has the potential to provide the hungry with (...)
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  31. Work as a sphere of norms, paradoxes, and ideologies of recognition.Nicholas H. Smith - 2012 - In Shane O'Neill & Nicholas H. Smith (eds.), Recognition Theory as Social Research: Investigating the Dynamics of Social Conflict. Palgrave MacMillan. pp. 87-108.
    An analysis of how the sphere of work can be considered to instantiate norms of recognition, even when those norms give rise to paradoxes and ideologies surrounding how work ought to be done and the goods at stake in it.
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  32.  20
    Contingency and Self-Identity.Nicholas H. Smith - 1996 - Theory, Culture and Society 13 (2):105-120.
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  33.  34
    From the concept of hope to the principle of hope.Nicholas H. Smith - unknown
    The chapter begins by contrasting two approaches to the analysis of hope, one which takes its departure from a view broadly shared by Hobbes, Locke and Hume, another which fits better with Aquinas's definition of hope. The former relies heavily on a sharp distinction between the cognitive and conative aspects of hope. It is argued that while this approach provides a valuable source of insights, its focus is too narrow and it rests on a problematic rationalist psychology. The chapter then (...)
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  34. social freedom as the purpose of the modern university.Nicholas H. Smith & Shane O'Neill - 2022 - Philosophy and Theory in Higher Education 4 (1):1-23.
    What is the fundamental purpose that justifies the existence of the modern university? The answer proposed in this essay is the promotion of social freedom. The essay begins by distinguishing social freedom from negative freedom and reflective freedom along the lines proposed by other theorists of social freedom, such as Frederick Neuhouser and Axel Honneth. After noting the need for a more developed account of the university than has so far been provided by these other theorists, the essay analyses the (...)
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  35.  20
    Role of the institutional animal care and use committee in monitoring research.Nicholas H. Steneck - 1997 - Ethics and Behavior 7 (2):173 – 184.
    During the 1980s, federal regulations transferred significant portions of the responsibility for monitoring the care and use of research animals from animal care programs to Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs). After a brief review of the history of the regulation of the use of animals in research preceding and during the 4 decades following World War 11, this article raises 4 problems associated with the role IACUCs currently play in monitoring the use of animals in research: (a) lack (...)
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  36. Work as a Realm of Social Freedom.Nicholas H. Smith - 2022 - In K. Breen and J.-P. Deranty (ed.), The Politics and Ethics of Contemporary Work. pp. 16-31.
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  37. Introduction : a recognition-theoretical research programme in the social sciences.Nicholas H. Smith - 2012 - In Shane O'Neill & Nicholas H. Smith (eds.), Recognition Theory as Social Research: Investigating the Dynamics of Social Conflict. Palgrave MacMillan. pp. 1-18.
    A summary of the main features of a 'recognition-theoretic' research program in the social sciences and a brief account of how it promises to advance on rival research programs in the social sciences.
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  38. Review essay : Reason after meaning.Nicholas H. Smith - 1997 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 23 (1):131-140.
  39. Recognition, culture and economy : Honneth’s debate with Fraser.Nicholas H. Smith - 2011 - In Danielle Petherbridge (ed.), Axel Honneth: Critical Essays with a Reply by Axel Honneth. Leiden: Brill. pp. 321-344.
    Although the contrast between ‘economy’ and culture’ that structures the Fraser-Honneth debate derives ultimately from Weber, it has a more proximate ancestry in Habermas’ work. I begin by glancing back at Habermas’ formulation, not just because its background role in shaping the current debate has not been properly acknowledged (though I believe that is the case), but because Fraser and Honneth’s original responses to it provide a nice segue into their current positions. After briefly reviewing what those responses were, I (...)
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  40.  55
    Solidarity and Work: A Reassessment.Nicholas H. Smith - 2015 - In Arto Laitinen & Anne Birgitta Pessi (eds.), Solidarity: Theory and Practice. Lanham: Lexington. pp. 155-177.
    In this collection, philosophers, social psychologists, and social scientists approach contemporary social reality from the viewpoint of solidarity. They examine the nature of solidarity and explore its normative and explanatory potential.
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  41.  34
    Alasdair MacIntyre, universities, and the common good.Nicholas H. Smith & Andrew Dunstall - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):1173-1186.
    Best known as a political philosopher, Alasdair MacIntyre is also a critic of the modern university. The paper examines the grounds of MacIntyre's criticism of modern universities; it offers an assessment of the philosophical debate occasioned by MacIntyre's writings on the topic; and it proposes a way of taking this debate forward. The debate is shown to be centred around three objections to MacIntyre's normative idea of the university: that it is overly intellectualist, parochial, and moralizing. The merits of these (...)
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  42. Language, work and hermeneutics.Nicholas H. Smith - 2011 - In Gadamer’s Hermeneutics and the Art of Conversation. LIT Verlag. pp. 201-220.
    The essay reflects on Gadamer’s ambiguous legacy for the philosophy of work. On the one hand, there are times when Gadamer reproduces the problematic distinction between language and labor which short-circuits the very idea of a hermeneutics of work. This is particularly evident in Gadamer’s reflections on technique and craftsmanship in the central sections of Truth and Method, as well as in his descriptions of the “art” of dialogue and the tasks of hermeneutics that separate them emphatically them from the (...)
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  43.  8
    Arendt’s anti-humanism of labour.Nicholas H. Smith - 2019 - European Journal of Social Theory 22 (2):175-190.
    The aim of this article is to situate Arendt’s account of labour as a critical response to humanisms of labour, or put otherwise, to situate it as an anti-humanism of labour. It compares Arendt’s account of labour with that of the most prominent humanist theorist of labour at the time of the composition of The Human Condition: Georges Friedmann. Arendt’s and Friedmann’s accounts of labour are compared specifically with respect to the range of capacities, social relations, and possibilities of fulfilment (...)
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  44.  2
    Between Philosophical Anthropology and Phenomenology: on Paul Ricoeur’s Philosophy of Work.Nicholas H. Smith - 2017 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 278 (4):513-534.
    The paper is a critical analysis of Paul Ricoeur’s philosophy of work as it is formulated in a number of essays from the 1950s and 60s. It begins with a reconstruction of the central theses advanced in ‘Travail et parole’ (1953) and related texts, where Ricoeur sought to outline a philosophical anthropology in which work is given its due. To give work its due, from an anthropological standpoint, is to see it as limited by counter-concept of language, according to Ricoeur. (...)
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  45. Between Philosophical Anthropology and Phenomenology: on Paul Ricoeur’s Philosophy of Work.Nicholas H. Smith - 2016 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 2 (278):513-534.
    The paper is a critical analysis of Paul Ricoeur’s philosophy of work as it is formulated in a number of essays from the 1950s and 60s. It begins with a reconstruction of the central theses advanced in ‘Travail et parole’ (1953) and related texts, where Ricoeur sought to outline a philosophical anthropology in which work is given its due. To give work its due, from an anthropological standpoint, is to see it as limited by counter-concept of language, according to Ricoeur. (...)
     
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  46.  35
    Introduction to Special Issue of Critical Horizons on Social Hope.Nicholas H. Smith - 2008 - Critical Horizons 9 (1):1-3.
  47.  4
    12. Hans-Georg Gadamer.Nicholas H. Smith - 2002 - In Jon Simons (ed.), From Kant to Lévi-Strauss the Background to Contemporary Critical Theory. Edinburgh University Press. pp. 181-196.
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  48.  16
    Interpretation for Emancipation: Taylor as a Critical Theorist.Nicholas H. Smith - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 29 (5):673-688.
    The paper argues that we should read Taylor’s philosophy as a philosophy of liberation and that it is as a philosopher of liberation that Taylor distinguishes himself as a critical theorist. It beg...
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  49.  96
    Levinas, Habermas and modernity.Nicholas H. Smith - 2008 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (6):643-664.
    This article examines Levinas as if he were a participant in what Habermas has called `the philosophical discourse of modernity'. It begins by comparing Levinas' and Habermas' articulations of the philosophical problems of modernity. It then turns to how certain key motifs in Levinas' later work give philosophical expression to the needs of the times as Levinas diagnoses them. In particular it examines how Levinas interweaves a modern, post-ontological conception of `the religious' or `the sacred' into his account of subjectivity. (...)
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  50.  12
    Multiculturalism and Recognition.Nicholas H. Smith - 2018 - In Ludwig Siep, Heikki Ikäheimo & Michael Quante (eds.), Handbuch Anerkennung. Springer VS.
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