Results for 'Nick Byrd'

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Nick Byrd
Florida State University
  1.  32
    What We Can (And Can't) Infer About Implicit Bias From Debiasing Experiments.Nick Byrd - 2019 - Synthese:1-29.
    The received view of implicit bias holds that it is associative and unreflective. Recently, the received view has been challenged. Some argue that implicit bias is not predicated on “any” associative process, but it is unreflective. These arguments rely, in part, on debiasing experiments. They proceed as follows. If implicit bias is associative and unreflective, then certain experimental manipulations cannot change implicitly biased behavior. However, these manipulations can change such behavior. So, implicit bias is not associative and unreflective. This paper (...)
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  2. Intuitive And Reflective Responses In Philosophy.Nick Byrd - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Colorado
    Cognitive scientists have revealed systematic errors in human reasoning. There is disagreement about what these errors indicate about human rationality, but one upshot seems clear: human reasoning does not seem to fit traditional views of human rationality. This concern about rationality has made its way through various fields and has recently caught the attention of philosophers. The concern is that if philosophers are prone to systematic errors in reasoning, then the integrity of philosophy would be threatened. In this paper, I (...)
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  3. Book Review: Ethics for a New Generation of Journalists: Reviewed by JoAnn Byrd[REVIEW]Joann Byrd - 1993 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 8 (1):55 – 58.
     
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  4. Representation and Unexploited Content.James Blackmon, David Byrd, Robert C. Cummins, Alexa Lee & Martin Roth - 2006 - In Graham F. Macdonald & David Papineau (eds.), Teleosemantics. Oxford University Press.
    In this paper, we introduce a novel difficulty for teleosemantics, viz., its inability to account for what we call unexploited content—content a representation has, but which the system that harbors it is currently unable to exploit. In section two, we give a characterization of teleosemantics. Since our critique does not depend on any special details that distinguish the variations in the literature, the characterization is broad, brief and abstract. In section three, we explain what we mean by unexploited content, and (...)
     
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  5. Systematicity and the Cognition of Structured Domains.Robert Cummins, James Blackmon, David Byrd, Pierre Poirier, Martin Roth & Georg Schwarz - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (4):167 - 185.
    The current debate over systematicity concerns the formal conditions a scheme of mental representation must satisfy in order to explain the systematicity of thought.1 The systematicity of thought is assumed to be a pervasive property of minds, and can be characterized (roughly) as follows: anyone who can think T can think systematic variants of T, where the systematic variants of T are found by permuting T’s constituents. So, for example, it is an alleged fact that anyone who can think the (...)
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  6. Moral Responsibility and Omissions.Jeremy Byrd - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):56–67.
    Frankfurt-type examples seem to show that agents can be morally responsible for their actions and omissions even if they could not have done otherwise. Fischer and Ravizza's influential account of moral responsibility is largely based on such examples. I examine a problem with their account of responsibility in cases where we fail to act. The solution to this problem has a surprising and far reaching implication concerning the construction of successful Frankfurt-type examples. I argue that the role of the counterfactual (...)
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  7. Kant's Theory of Punishment: Deterrence in its Threat, Retribution in its Execution. [REVIEW]B. Sharon Byrd - 1989 - Law and Philosophy 8 (2):151 - 200.
    Kant's theory of punishment is commonly regarded as purely retributive in nature, and indeed much of his discourse seems to support that interpretation. Still, it leaves one with certain misgivings regarding the internal consistency of his position. Perhaps the problem lies not in Kant's inconsistency nor in the senility sometimes claimed to be apparent in the Metaphysic of Morals, but rather in a superimposed, modern yet monistic view of punishment. Historical considerations tend to show that Kant was discussing not one, (...)
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  8.  8
    Dynamic Action Units Slip in Speech Production Errors.Louis Goldstein, Marianne Pouplier, Larissa Chen, Elliot Saltzman & Dani Byrd - 2007 - Cognition 103 (3):386-412.
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  9. The Return of the Exile: The Benefits of Mimetic Literature in the Republic.Miriam Byrd - 2010 - In Robert Berchman John Finamore (ed.), Conversations Platonic and Neoplatonic. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag.
  10.  52
    From the State of Nature to the Juridical State of States.B. Sharon Byrd & Joachim Hruschka - 2008 - Law and Philosophy 27 (6):599 - 641.
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  11. Agnosticism About Moral Responsibility.Jeremy Byrd - 2010 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 40 (3):411-432.
    Traditionally, incompatibilism has rested on two theses. First, the familiar Principle of Alternative Possibilities says that we cannot be morally responsible for what we do unless we could have done otherwise. Accepting this principle, incompatibilists have then argued that there is no room for such alternative possibilities in a deterministic world. Recently, however, a number of philosophers have argued that incompatibilism about moral responsibility can be defended independently of these traditional theses (Ginet 2005: 604-8; McKenna 2001; Stump 1999: 322-4, 2000 (...)
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  12.  53
    Social Studies Education as a Moral Activity: Teaching Towards a Just Society.Daniel Byrd - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (10):1073-1079.
    Many competing ideas exist around teaching ‘standard’ high school social studies subjects such as history, government, geography, and economics. The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of social studies teaching and learning as a moral activity. I first propose that current high school curriculum standards in the United States often fail in focusing on the kinds of sustained discourse and ideas necessary for students to develop an awareness and commitment to justice in a pluralistic society. I then (...)
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  13.  50
    Kant's Compatibilism in the New Eludication of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition.Jeremy Byrd - 2008 - Kant-Studien 99 (1):68-79.
    1. Introduction It is generally assumed that, during his early pre-critical phase, Kant accepted a Leibnizian account of freedom according to which we are free to do otherwise than we do even though our actions are determined. This assumption is false. Far from endorsing such an account, Kant explicitly argues in the New Elucidation of the First Principle of Metaphysical Cognition that there is no relevant sense in which we can do otherwise than we do. Nevertheless, he is equally convinced (...)
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  14.  30
    Russell, Logicism, and the Choice of Logical Constants.Michael Byrd - 1989 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 30 (3):343-361.
  15.  61
    Knowledge and True Belief in Hintikka's Epistemic Logic.Michael E. Byrd - 1973 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 2 (2):181 - 192.
  16.  56
    The Summoner Approach: A New Method of Plato Interpretation.Miriam Byrd - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (3):365-381.
    : The traditional "doctrinal" approach to interpreting Plato's dialogues has been criticized in recent literature on grounds that it can neither account for the structural complexities of the dialogues nor resolve conflicts within or between dialogues. Accordingly, a non-doctrinal, dramatic approach has been offered in its place. In response to this literature, I argue that, though the doctrinal approach is flawed, the non-doctrinal, dramatic approach does not provide a viable alternative. Instead, I offer a revised doctrinal approach based upon Socrates' (...)
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  17. The Necessity of Tomorrow's Sea Battle.Jeremy Byrd - 2010 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 48 (2):160-176.
    In chapter 9 of De Interpretatione, Aristotle offers a defense of free will against the threat of fatalism. According to the traditional interpretation, Aristotle concedes the validity of the fatalist's arguments and then proceeds to reject the Principle of Bivalence in order to avoid the fatalist's conclusion. Assuming that the traditional interpretation is right on this point, it remains to be seen why Aristotle felt compelled to reject such an intuitive semantic principle rather than challenge the fatalist's inference from truth (...)
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  18.  22
    What Systematicity Isn't.Robert C. Cummins, James Blackmon & David Byrd - 2005 - Journal of Philosophical Research 30:405-408.
    In “On Begging the Systematicity Question,” Wayne Davis criticizes the suggestion of Cummins et al. that the alleged systematicity of thought is not as obvious as is sometimes supposed, and hence not reliable evidence for the language of thought hypothesis. We offer a brief reply.
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  19.  53
    Learning From Repression: Emotional Memory and Emotional Numbing.Medford Nick & S. David Anthony - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):527-528.
    Erdelyi argues persuasively for his unified theory of repression. Beyond this, what can studying repression bring to our understanding of other aspects of emotional function? Here we consider ways in which work on repression might inform the study of, on one hand, emotional memory, and on the other, the emotional numbing seen in patients with chronic persistent depersonalization symptoms.
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  20.  37
    Sugihara's Criterion and Some Structural Parallels Between E→ and S3→.Michael Byrd & Dennis Henry - 1978 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 24 (12):187-191.
  21.  39
    Explaining Human Cruelty.Zangwill Nick - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):245-246.
    I ask four questions: (1) Why should we think that our hominid ancestor's predation is not just a causal influence but the main causal factor responsible for human cruelty? (2) Why not think of human cruelty as a necessary part of a syndrome in which other phenomena are necessarily involved? (3) What definitions of cruelty does Nell propose that we operate with? And (4) what about the meaning of cruelty for human beings?
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  22.  68
    Neuroanatomic Basis of Impaired Self-Awareness After Traumatic Brain Injury: Findings From Early Computed Tomography.Mark Sherer, Tessa Hart, John Whyte, Toad G. Nick & Stuart A. Yablon - 2005 - Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. Special Issue 20 (4):287-300.
  23.  65
    Review. Russell's Hidden Substitutional Theory. G Landini.M. Byrd - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (2):357-362.
  24.  43
    The Extensions of BAlt.David Ullrich & Michael Byrd - 1977 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 6 (1):109 - 117.
  25.  39
    The Dialectical Advantage of the Direct Argument.Jeremy Byrd - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (2):431-444.
    Traditionally, incompatibilists about moral responsibility and determinism claim that we cannot be morally responsible unless we could have done otherwise and that we cannot do otherwise if we are determined. The Direct Argument for incompatibilism supposedly offers its defenders a dialectical advantage over this traditional approach insofar as it does not appear to rely on either of these controversial claims. Recently, though, David Widerker has argued against this supposition and urged that it is time to say farewell to the Direct (...)
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  26.  63
    Megarian Necessity in Forward-Branching, Backward-Linear Time.Michael Byrd - 1978 - Noûs 12 (4):463-469.
  27. Intelligible Possession of Objects of Choice.B. Sharon Byrd - 2010 - In Lara Denis (ed.), Kant's Metaphysics of Morals: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  28.  49
    Kant's Theory of Contract.B. Sharon Byrd - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 36 (S1):131-153.
    First, this article considers Kant's rather odd requirement that every contract consist of four declarations of will: an offer, an approval of the offer, a promise and an acceptance of this promise. It explains Kant's theory as a stepping stone for Savigny's later development of the principle of abstraction, a principle which separates the contract of obligation from the contract of ownership transfer and makes the validity of each independent of the validity of the other. Second, the article interprets Kant's (...)
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  29.  42
    Dialectic and Plato's Method of Hypothesis.Miriam Newton Byrd - 2007 - Apeiron 40 (2):141 - 158.
  30.  51
    A Remark on Kant's Argument From Incongruent Counterparts.Jeremy Byrd - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (4):789 – 800.
    I argue that, by the time of his essay "Concerning the Ultimate Ground of the Differentiation of Directions in Space" (1768), Kant had come to question the status of the Principle of Sufficient Reason as a result, at least in part, of his recognition of the existence of incongruent counterparts. Though Kant's argument against absolute space based on the existence of incongruent counterparts has been much discussed in recent years, its importance as a useful benchmark by which to judge the (...)
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  31. I. Background.Robert C. Cummins, James Blackmon, David Byrd, Pierre Poirier & Martin Roth - unknown
    The current debate over systematicity concerns the formal conditions a scheme of mental representation must satisfy in order to explain the systematicity of thought.1 The systematicity of thought is assumed to be a pervasive property of minds, and can be characterized (roughly) as follows: anyone who can think T can think systematic variants of T, where the systematic variants of T are found by permuting T’s constituents. So, for example, it is an alleged fact that anyone who can think the (...)
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  32.  20
    Review: Edward N. Zalta, Abstract Objects. An Introduction to Axiomatic Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Michael Byrd - 1988 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 53 (2):643-643.
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  33.  7
    The Extensions of BAlt3 — Revisited.Michael Byrd - 1978 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 7 (1):407 - 413.
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  34.  18
    Wisdom Curnow Wisdom in the Ancient World. Pp. Xxii + 201, Ills, Maps. London: Duckworth, 2010. Paper, £16.99. ISBN: 978-0-7156-3504-9. [REVIEW]Miriam Byrd - 2012 - The Classical Review 62 (2):531-534.
  35.  23
    On Defining Necessity in Terms of Entailment.Dennis Henry & Michael Byrd - 1979 - Studia Logica 38 (2):95 - 104.
    In their book Entailment, Anderson and Belnap investigate the consequences of defining Lp (it is necessary that p) in system E as (pp)p. Since not all theorems are equivalent in E, this raises the question of whether there are reasonable alternative definitions of necessity in E. In this paper, it is shown that a definition of necessity in E satisfies the conditions { E Lpp, EL(pq)(LpLq), E pLp} if and only if its has the form C 1.C2 .... Cnp, where (...)
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  36.  20
    Incantations of Loyalty. [REVIEW]B. Sharon Byrd - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (2):241-250.
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  37.  17
    Mirrors and Metaphors: Contemporary Narratives of the Wolf in Minnesota.Kimberly Byrd - 2002 - Ethics, Place and Environment 5 (1):50 – 65.
    This article serves as a case study of how contemporary residents of the Upper Great Lakes states debate the ethics and meanings of living with wolves. An overview of the challenges facing Minnesota wolf management is provided, and the results of a Q-methodology study are presented. The study revealed three primary factors, or shared belief systems, about wolf management in Minnesota. The idealist perspective tells a redemption story of sin and atonement, the institutional perspective endorses scientific management and rationality and (...)
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  38.  11
    A Formal Interpretation of Ł Ukasiewicz' Logics.Michael Byrd - 1979 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (2):366-368.
  39.  13
    Must We Quantify Into Opaque Contexts?Michael Byrd - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 26 (5-6):401 - 409.
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  40.  4
    A Not so Backward Way of Thinking.Peter D. Sozou & Joanna W. Byrd - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):106.
  41.  7
    The Logic of Natural Language.Michael Byrd - 1986 - International Studies in Philosophy 18 (3):98-100.
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  42.  3
    Review: Incantations of Loyalty. [REVIEW]B. Sharon Byrd - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (2):241 - 250.
  43.  5
    Ethics in Media Communications (Book).Joann Byrd - 1993 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 8 (1):55 – 58.
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  44.  3
    On the Addition of Weakened L‐Reduction Axioms to the Brouwer System.Michael Byrd - 1978 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 24 (25‐30):405-408.
  45.  5
    Eventual Permanence.Michael Byrd - 1980 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 21 (3):591-601.
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  46. Introduction to Anglo-American Law & Language =.B. Sharon Byrd - 2001 - Beck.
    Unit I. Fundamental characteristics of the common law. The source of law -- The jury -- The adversary system of trial -- Retroactivity: a return to stare decisis -- Unit II. The courts and their jurisdiction. Court systems in the United States -- Court system in England -- Unit III. Constitutional law. Judicial review -- Equal protection -- Freedom of speech -- Appendix I. Constitution of the United States -- Appendix II. Table of Supreme Court cases -- Appendix III. Common (...)
     
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  47. Jahrbuck Fur Recht Und Ethik (Annual for Law and Ethics).B. Sharon Byrd, Joachim Hruschka & Jan C. Joerdan (eds.) - 1994 - Duncker Und Humblot.
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  48. Philosophica Practica Universalis: Festschrift for Joachim Hruschka, Jahrbuch Fur Recht Und Ethik (Annual Review of Law and Ethics).B. Sharon Byrd & Jan C. Joerdan (eds.) - 2005 - Duncker Und Humblot.
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  49. Measurement of Impaired Self-Awareness After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Comparison of the Patient Competency Rating Scale and the Awareness Questionnaire.Mark Sherer, Tessa Hart & Todd G. Nick - 2003 - Brain Injury 17 (1):25-37.
  50. How Hard is Artificial Intelligence? The Evolutionary Argument and Observation Selection Effects.Carl Shulman & B. Nick - forthcoming - Journal of Consciousness Studies.
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