Results for 'Nick Eastwood'

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  1.  39
    Broome's Theory of Fairness and the Problem of Quantifying the Strengths of Claims.James R. Kirkpatrick & Nick Eastwood - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (1):82-91.
    John Broome argues that fairness requires that claims are satisfied in proportion to their strength. Broome holds that, when distributing indivisible goods, fairness requires the use of weighted lotteries as a surrogate to satisfy proportionally each candidate's claims. In this article, we present two arguments against Broome's account of fairness. First, we argue that it is almost impossible to calculate the weights of the lotteries in accordance with the requirements of fairness. Second, we argue that Broome rules out those methods (...)
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  2.  14
    Ethical Issues in Biomedical Research: Perceptions and Practices of Postdoctoral Research Fellows Responding to a Survey.Susan Eastwood, Pamela Derish, Evangeline Leash & Stephen Ordway - 1996 - Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (1):89-114.
    We surveyed 1005 postdoctoral fellows by questionnaire about ethical matters related to biomedical research and publishing; 33% responded. About 18% of respondents said they had taken a course in research ethics, and about 31% said they had had a course that devoted some time to research ethics. A substantial majority stated willingness to grant other investigators, except competitors, access to their data before publication and to share research materials. Respondents’ opinions about contributions justifying authorship of research papers were mainly consistent (...)
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  3.  43
    Functional Consequences of Perceiving Facial Expressions of Emotion Without Awareness.John D. Eastwood & Daniel Smilek - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):565-584.
    A substantial body of research has established that even when we are not consciously aware of the faces of others we are nevertheless sensitive to, and impacted by their facial expression. In this paper, we consider this body of research from a new perspective by examining the functions of unconscious perception revealed by these studies. A consideration of the literature from this perspective highlights that existing research methods are limited when it comes to revealing possible functions of unconscious perception. The (...)
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  4. Fairness and the Strengths of Agents' Claims.Nathaniel Sharadin - 2016 - Utilitas 28 (3):347-360.
    John Broome has proposed a theory of fairness according to which fairness requires that agents’ claims to goods be satisfied in proportion to the relative strength of those claims. In the case of competing claims for a single indivisible good, Broome argues that what fairness requires is the use of a weighted lottery as a surrogate to satisfying the competing claims: the relative chance of each claimant's winning the lottery should be set to the relative strength of each claimant's claim. (...)
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  5.  48
    Does Unattended Information Facilitate Change Detection?Daniel Smilek, Jonathan Eastwood & Philip M. Merikle - 2000 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 26:480-487.
  6.  20
    Metacognitive Errors in Change Detection: Missing the Gap Between Lab and Life.Daniel Smilek, John D. Eastwood, Michael G. Reynolds & Alan Kingstone - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (1):52-57.
    Studies of change detection suggest that people tend to overestimate their ability to detect visual changes. In a recent laboratory study of change detection and human intention, Beck et al., found that individuals have an inadequate understanding that intention can improve change detection performance and that its importance increases with scene complexity. We note that these findings may be specific to unfamiliar situations such as those generated routinely in studies of change detection. In two questionnaire studies, we demonstrate that when (...)
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  7. Lotze's Antithesis Between Thought and Things.A. Eastwood - 1892 - Mind 1 (3):305-324.
  8.  3
    Inside the Ethics Committee: Bringing the Ethical Dilemmas of Modern Medicine to BBC Radio 4.Beth Eastwood - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (2):54-56.
  9.  44
    Learning From Repression: Emotional Memory and Emotional Numbing.Medford Nick & S. David Anthony - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):527-528.
    Erdelyi argues persuasively for his unified theory of repression. Beyond this, what can studying repression bring to our understanding of other aspects of emotional function? Here we consider ways in which work on repression might inform the study of, on one hand, emotional memory, and on the other, the emotional numbing seen in patients with chronic persistent depersonalization symptoms.
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  10.  6
    Metacognition and Change Detection: Do Lab and Life Really Converge?D. Smilek, J. Eastwood, M. Reynolds & A. Kingstone - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):1056-1061.
    Studies of change blindness indicate that more intentional monitoring of changes is necessary to successfully detect changes as scene complexity increases. However, there have been conflicting reports as to whether people are aware of this relation between intention and successful change detection as scene complexity increases. Here we continue our dialogue with [Beck, M. R., Levin, D. T., & Angelone, B. . Change blindness blindness: Beliefs about the roles of intention and scene complexity in change detection. Consciousness and Cognition, 16, (...)
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  11.  36
    Explaining Human Cruelty.Zangwill Nick - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (3):245-246.
    I ask four questions: (1) Why should we think that our hominid ancestor's predation is not just a causal influence but the main causal factor responsible for human cruelty? (2) Why not think of human cruelty as a necessary part of a syndrome in which other phenomena are necessarily involved? (3) What definitions of cruelty does Nell propose that we operate with? And (4) what about the meaning of cruelty for human beings?
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  12.  26
    Democracy Despite Despotism: A Latin American Paradox. [REVIEW]Jonathan Eastwood & John Stone - 2007 - Theory and Society 36 (1):111-116.
  13.  7
    The Role of Ideas in Weber's Theory of Interests.Jonathan Eastwood - 2005 - Critical Review 17 (1-2):89-100.
    Max Weber 's understanding of the role of people's interests in determining their behavior has been widely misunderstood, because of a misinterpretation of a famous passage in which he analogizes interests to railway?switchmen.? Contrary to this widespread view, Weber does not see material self?interest as the driving force behind human action. Rather, he distinguishes between material and?ideal? interests; emphasizes the latter; and, arguably, suggests that even the former are, to a great extent, culturally constructed, not least because they rely on (...)
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  14.  19
    Person as Logical Construct.Gordon Eastwood - 1968 - World Futures 6 (4):58-66.
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  15.  46
    Neuroanatomic Basis of Impaired Self-Awareness After Traumatic Brain Injury: Findings From Early Computed Tomography.Mark Sherer, Tessa Hart, John Whyte, Toad G. Nick & Stuart A. Yablon - 2005 - Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. Special Issue 20 (4):287-300.
  16.  36
    Rethinking the Debates on the Poor Law in Early Nineteenth-Century England.David Eastwood - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):97.
    One of the more interesting developments in recent historical writing has been a reconsideration of the debates over poor law reform. In the sharply-demarcated world of post-war scholarship, the poor law fell clearly, if somewhat problematically, into the domain of social history. For obvious contemporary reasons, post-war social history devoted a good deal of scholarly energy to constructing a history of social policy. Much of this work was problematized in terms of the then orthodox agenda of the welfare state. The (...)
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  17.  8
    Alhazen, Leonardo, and Late-Medieval Speculation on the Inversion of Images in the Eye.Bruce Eastwood - 1986 - Annals of Science 43 (5):413-446.
    No one before Platter and Kepler proposed retinal reception of an inverted visual image. The dominant tradition in visual theory, especially that of Alhazen and his Western followers, subordinated the intra-ocular geometry of visual rays to the requirement for an upright image and to preconceptions about the precise nature of the visual spirit and its part in vision. Henry of Langenstein and an anonymous glossator in the late Middle Ages proposed alternatives to Alhazen, including the suggestion of double inversion of (...)
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  18.  6
    Managed Care, Doctors, and Patients: Focusing on Relationships, Not Rights.Robyn S. Shapiro, Kristen A. Tym, Dan Eastwood, Arthur R. Derse & John P. Klein - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):300-307.
    For over a decade, managed care has profoundly altered how healthcare is delivered in the United States. There have been concerns that the patient-physician relationship may be undermined by various aspects of managed care, such as restrictions on physician choice, productivity requirements that limit the time physicians may spend with patients, and the use of compensation formulas that reward physicians for healthcare dollars not spent. We have previously published data on the effects of managed care on the physician-patient relationship from (...)
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  19.  5
    The Implication of Good.M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1919 - International Journal of Ethics 29 (4):414-430.
  20.  10
    What Should the Dean Do?Gregory L. Eastwood, Daniel Fu-Chang Tsai, Ding-Shinn Chen & James Dwyer - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (4):14-16.
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  21.  11
    Book Review:Introduction to Psychology. Robert M. Yerkes. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1912 - Ethics 23 (1):121-.
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  22.  8
    Book Review:The Town Child. Reginald A. Bray. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1909 - Ethics 19 (2):256-.
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  23.  4
    On Thought-Relations.Arthur Eastwood - 1891 - Mind 16 (62):243-252.
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  24.  7
    Lotze's Antithesis Between Thought and Things. II.A. Eastwood - 1892 - Mind 1 (4):470-488.
  25.  5
    Book Review:The Science and Philosophy of the Organism. Hans Driesch. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1910 - Ethics 20 (4):494-.
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  26.  8
    Book Review:Studies in the Teaching of History. M. W. Keatinge. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1911 - Ethics 21 (2):239-.
  27.  3
    Book Review:Eugenio Rignano Upon the Inheritance of Acquired Characters. C.H. Harvey. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1912 - Ethics 23 (1):117-.
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  28.  4
    Mr. Balfour's Refutation of Idealism.Arthur Eastwood - 1894 - Mind 3 (10):222-231.
  29.  6
    Book Review:The Child and the State. Margaret McMillan. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1912 - Ethics 22 (4):497-.
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  30.  3
    Book Review:Youth's Noble Task. F. J. Gould. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1912 - Ethics 22 (4):494-.
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  31.  6
    Book Review:The Ethic of Usury and Interest. W. Blissard. [REVIEW]Arthur Eastwood - 1893 - Ethics 3 (3):403-.
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  32.  3
    Book Review:England's Need in Education. J. S. Knowlson. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1912 - Ethics 22 (4):496-.
  33.  4
    Book Review:The Natural Right to Freedom. M. D. O'Brien. [REVIEW]Arthur Eastwood - 1894 - Ethics 4 (3):412-.
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  34.  1
    Book Review:An Agnostic's Apology, and Other Essays. Leslie Stephen. [REVIEW]Arthur Eastwood - 1893 - Ethics 3 (3):405-.
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  35.  1
    Confirmation and Null Hypotheses.Gordon R. Eastwood - 1967 - Educational Theory 17 (2):120-126.
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  36.  1
    Book Review:Moral Education in Eighteen Countries. Gustav Spiller. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1910 - Ethics 20 (3):365-.
  37. From Unconscious to Conscious Perception: Emotionally Expressive Faces and Visual Awareness.John D. Eastwood - manuscript
  38. The Austinian Theories of Law and Sovereignty.R. A. Eastwood - 1929 - London: Methuen & Co..
     
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  39. The Revival of Pascal.Dorothy Margaret Eastwood - 1936 - Clarendon Press.
     
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  40. Book Review:The Laws of Heredity. G. Archdall Reid, H. H. Turner. [REVIEW]M. Lightfoot Eastwood - 1911 - Ethics 21 (3):364-.
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  41. Measurement of Impaired Self-Awareness After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Comparison of the Patient Competency Rating Scale and the Awareness Questionnaire.Mark Sherer, Tessa Hart & Todd G. Nick - 2003 - Brain Injury 17 (1):25-37.
  42. How Hard is Artificial Intelligence? The Evolutionary Argument and Observation Selection Effects.Carl Shulman & B. Nick - forthcoming - Journal of Consciousness Studies.
  43.  66
    Review of William L. Rowe on Philosophy of Religion: Selected Writings , Edited by Nick Trakakis. [REVIEW]Jeff Jordan - 2009 - Sophia 48 (4):495-496.
    ‘William L. Rowe on Philosophy of Religion’ edited by Nick Trakakis, collects 30 papers of William Rowe's important work in the philosophy of religion. I review this collection, and offer an objection of one of Rowe's arguments.
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  44. Confronting the Horror of Natural Evil: An Exchange Between Peter Coghlan and Nick Trakakis.Peter Coghlan & Nick Trakakis - 2006 - Sophia 45 (2):5-26.
    In this exchange, Peter Coghlan and Nick Trakakis discuss the problem of natural evil in the light of the recent Asian tsunami disaster. The exchange begins with an extract from a newspaper article written by Coghlan on the tsunami, followed by three rounds of replies and counter-replies, and ending with some final comments from Trakakis. While critical of any attempt to show that human life is good overall despite its natural evils, Coghlan argues that instances of natural evil, even (...)
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  45.  3
    Astronomical Waste: The Opportunity Cost of Delayed Technological Development: Nick Bostrom.Nick Bostrom - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (3):308-314.
    With very advanced technology, a very large population of people living happy lives could be sustained in the accessible region of the universe. For every year that development of such technologies and colonization of the universe is delayed, there is therefore a corresponding opportunity cost: a potential good, lives worth living, is not being realized. Given some plausible assumptions, this cost is extremely large. However, the lesson for standard utilitarians is not that we ought to maximize the pace of technological (...)
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  46.  2
    Taking Representation Seriously: Rethinking Bioethics Through Clint Eastwood's Million Dollar Baby. [REVIEW]Harold Braswell - 2011 - Journal of Medical Humanities 32 (2):77-87.
    In this article, I propose a new model for understanding the function of representation in bioethics. Bioethicists have traditionally judged representations according to a mimetic paradigm, in which representations of bioethical dilemmas are assessed based on their correspondence to the “reality” of bioethics itself. In this article, I argue that this mimetic paradigm obscures the interaction between representation and reality and diverts bioethicists from analyzing the tensions in the representational object itself. I propose an anti-mimetic model of representation that is (...)
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  47.  44
    Levi Bryant, Nick Srnicek, and Graham Harman (Eds): The Speculative Turn: Continental Materialism and Realism. [REVIEW]Geoff Pfeifer - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (3):465-469.
    Levi Bryant, Nick Srnicek, and Graham Harman (eds): The Speculative Turn: Continental Materialism and Realism Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-5 DOI 10.1007/s10746-012-9218-0 Authors Geoff Pfeifer, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA Journal Human Studies Online ISSN 1572-851X Print ISSN 0163-8548.
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  48. Review Essay of Contingent Future Persons, Jan C. Heller and Nick Fotion, Eds. [REVIEW]Stuart Rachels - - 1999 - Bioethics 13:160-167.
    This essay critically comments on Contingent Future Persons (1997), an anthology of thirteen papers on the same topic as Obligations to Future Generations (1978), namely, the morality of decisions affecting the existence, number and identity of future persons. In my discussion, I identify the basic point of dispute between R. M. Hare and Michael Lockwood on potentiality; I criticize Nick Fotion's thesis that the Repugnant Conclusion is too far-fetched to be philosophically valuable; I object to Clark Wolf's "Impure Consequentialist (...)
     
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  49.  13
    Dominic Gregory, Showing, Sensing, and Seeming. Reviewed by Nick Wiltsher. [REVIEW]Nick Wiltsher - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (3):143-145.
    Review of Dominic Gregory's "Showing, Sensing, and Seeming".
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  50.  14
    Book Review: "Scruton's Aesthetics", by Andy Hamilton and Nick Zangwill (Palgrave & Macmillan, 2012). [REVIEW]Andrew Huddleston - unknown
    Few philosophers have published at the impressively prolific rate that Roger Scruton has. Of the forty-two books by Scruton listed in a special bibliography at the end of Scruton’s Aesthetics, no fewer than nine of them have been devoted to topics in aesthetics. The present volume, edited by Andy Hamilton and Nick Zangwill, arises out of a 2008 conference devoted to Scruton’s seminal work in this field. While sympathetic in tone, the majority of the essays critically engage with Scruton’s (...)
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