Results for 'Niclas R��nnstr��m'

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  1. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
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  2.  49
    Coevolution of Neocortical Size, Group Size and Language in Humans.R. I. M. Dunbar - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):681-694.
    Group size is a function of relative neocortical volume in nonhuman primates. Extrapolation from this regression equation yields a predicted group size for modern humans very similar to that of certain hunter-gatherer and traditional horticulturalist societies. Groups of similar size are also found in other large-scale forms of contemporary and historical society. Among primates, the cohesion of groups is maintained by social grooming; the time devoted to social grooming is linearly related to group size among the Old World monkeys and (...)
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  3.  21
    Resolving Ambiguity: Effects of Biasing Context in the Unattended Ear.J. R. Lackner & M. F. Garrett - 1972 - Cognition 1 (4):359-372.
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  4. Psychological Pathways to Fraud: Understanding and Preventing Fraud in Organizations. [REVIEW]Pamela R. Murphy & M. Tina Dacin - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (4):601-618.
    In response to calls for more research on how to prevent or detect fraud (ACAP, Final Report of the Advisory Committee on the Auditing Profession, United States Department of the Treasury, Washington, DC, 2008 ; AICPA, SAS No. 99: Consideration of Fraud in a Financial Statement Audit, New York, NY, 2002 ; Carcello et al., Working Paper, University of Tennessee, Bentley University and Kennesaw State University, 2008 ; Wells, Journal of Accountancy, 2004 ), we develop a framework that identifies three (...)
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  5. Could Kant Have Been A Utilitarian?*: R. M. Hare.R. M. Hare - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (1):1-16.
    … the supreme end, the happiness of all mankind. The law concerning punishment is a Categorical Imperative; and woe to him who rummages around in the winding paths of a theory of happiness, looking for some advantage to be gained by releasing the criminal from punishment or by reducing the amount of it.
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  6.  23
    Empirical Findings on Business–Society Relations in Europe.A. Konrad, R. Steurer, M. E. Langer & André Martinuzzi - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (1):89-105.
    Based on a theoretical exploration in a previous article, this paper empirically analyzes which issues of SD are taken into account by corporations and stakeholders in what way, and to what extent the concept of sustainable development (SD) can be achieved through stakeholder relations management (SRM) on the corporate level. An important basis for this empirical analysis is a referential framework, which specifies 14 issues of SD. In a first empirical step, the literature-based framework has been operationalized for the business (...)
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  7.  9
    David Buehler, M. Div., MA, is Coordinator of the Bioethics Committee and Director of Pastoral Care, Charlton Memorial Hospital, Fall River, Massachusetts Eileen R. Chichin, DSW, RN, is Coordinator at The Kathy and Alan C. Green-Berg Center on Ethics in Geriatrics and Long-Term Care, The Jewish Home and Hospital for Aged, New York, New York. [REVIEW]R. Muriel & M. D. Gillick - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4:129-130.
  8.  19
    The Trouble with Science.R. I. M. Dunbar - 1995 - Harvard University Press.
    Science is not a great way to make money, or these days, even a job. But there are great riches in it, and in this book too. Tim Bradford, 'New Scientist'.
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  9.  9
    The Role of Contingency in Classical Conditioning.Mauricio R. Papini & M. E. Bitterman - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (3):396-403.
  10. A Philosophical Autobiography: R. M. Hare.R. M. Hare - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (3):269-305.
    I had a strange dream, or half-waking vision, not long ago. I found myself at the top of a mountain in the mist, feeling very pleased with myself, not just for having climbed the mountain, but for having achieved my life's ambition, to find a way of answering moral questions rationally. But as I was preening myself on this achievement, the mist began to clear, and I saw that I was surrounded on the mountain top by the graves of all (...)
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  11.  51
    The Anatomy of Friendship.R. I. M. Dunbar - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (1):32-51.
  12.  9
    The Modern Mind: Its Missing Parts?R. I. M. Dunbar - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):758-759.
  13.  4
    Experience and Its Modes.L. R. Perry & M. J. Oakeshott - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (1):96.
  14.  22
    Business Students' and Practitioners' Ethical Decisions Over Time.James R. Glenn & M. Frances Loo - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (11):835 - 847.
    This paper compares the ethical decisions and attitudes of business students and practitioners. Recent unpublished data from a national study of over 1600 students are contrasted with information reported previously. Students are found consistently to make less ethical choices than practitioners, and there is some indication that students are making less ethical choices in the 1980s than in the 1960s. In addition, both students and practitioners agree that buyers should beware, view the role of business more narrowly, and find fewer (...)
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  15. Mind the Gap: Or Why Humans Aren't Just Great Apes.R. I. M. Dunbar - 2008 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 154, 2007 Lectures. pp. 403-423.
  16.  7
    Pathways to Empowerment.Judith R. L. M. Wolf & Irene E. Jonker - 2020 - International Journal of Social Quality 10 (1):29-56.
    A program for person-centered intervention—Pathways to Empowerment —is indebted to the social quality approach, which has been developed as its scientific foundation. It provides comprehensive insight into all sorts of factors that have an impact on the quality of the daily lives of persons who have lost control in their lives. In this article, we describe what puzzles were encountered in this developmental process, specifically with regard to the constitutional factors of social quality, which are strongly linked to biographical development (...)
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  17.  39
    A New Teubner of Martial D. R. Shackleton Bailey (Ed.): M. Valerii Martialis Epigrammata, Post W. Heraeum. (Bibliotheca Teubneriana.) Pp. Xx + 542. Stuttgart: Teubner, 1990. DM 168. [REVIEW]R. G. M. Nisbet - 1992 - The Classical Review 42 (01):50-51.
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  18.  21
    Catalogue of the Greek, Etruscan and Roman Paintings and Mosaics in the British Museum. By R. P. Hinks. Pp. Lxxi + 157; 32 Plates, 168 Text Illustrations. London: The British Museum, 1933. 40s. [REVIEW]E. M. W. R. - 1935 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 55 (2):246-248.
  19.  19
    Participation in Dementia Research: Rates and Correlates of Capacity to Give Informed Consent.J. Warner, R. McCarney, M. Griffin, K. Hill & P. Fisher - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):167-170.
    Background: Many people participating in dementia research may lack capacity to give informed consent and the relationship between cognitive function and capacity remains unclear. Recent changes in the law reinforce the need for robust and reproducible methods of assessing capacity when recruiting people for research.Aims: To identify numbers of capacitous participants in a pragmatic randomised trial of dementia treatment; to assess characteristics associated with capacity; to describe a legally acceptable consent process for research.Methods: As part of a pragmatic randomised controlled (...)
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  20.  14
    First-Order Modal Logic: Frame Definability and a Lindström Theorem.R. Zoghifard & M. Pourmahdian - 2018 - Studia Logica 106 (4):699-720.
    We generalize two well-known model-theoretic characterization theorems from propositional modal logic to first-order modal logic. We first study FML-definable frames and give a version of the Goldblatt–Thomason theorem for this logic. The advantage of this result, compared with the original Goldblatt–Thomason theorem, is that it does not need the condition of ultrafilter reflection and uses only closure under bounded morphic images, generated subframes and disjoint unions. We then investigate Lindström type theorems for first-order modal logic. We show that FML has (...)
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  21.  18
    Dispersion Hardening of Copper Single Crystals.R. Ebeling & M. F. Ashby - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 13 (124):805-834.
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  22.  14
    The Complexity of Jokes Is Limited by Cognitive Constraints on Mentalizing.R. I. M. Dunbar, Jacques Launay & Oliver Curry - 2016 - Human Nature 27 (2):130-140.
  23.  26
    Bootstrapping the Energy Flow in the Beginning of Life.R. Hengeveld & M. A. Fedonkin - 2007 - Acta Biotheoretica 55 (2):181-226.
    This paper suggests that the energy flow on which all living structures depend only started up slowly, the low-energy, initial phase starting up a second, slightly more energetic phase, and so on. In this way, the build up of the energy flow follows a bootstrapping process similar to that found in the development of computers, the first generation making possible the calculations necessary for constructing the second one, etc. In the biogenetic upstart of an energy flow, non-metals in the lower (...)
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  24.  22
    Social Networks, Support Cliques, and Kinship.R. I. M. Dunbar & M. Spoors - 1995 - Human Nature 6 (3):273-290.
    Data on the number of adults that an individual contacts at least once a month in a set of British populations yield estimates of network sizes that correspond closely to those of the typical “sympathy group” size in humans. Men and women do not differ in their total network size, but women have more females and more kin in their networks than men do. Kin account for a significantly higher proportion of network members than would be expected by chance. The (...)
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  25.  16
    Size and Structure of Freely Forming Conversational Groups.R. I. M. Dunbar, N. D. C. Duncan & D. Nettle - 1995 - Human Nature 6 (1):67-78.
    Data from various settings suggest that there is an upper limit of about four on the number of individuals who can interact in spontaneous conversation. This limit appears to be a consequence of the mechanisms of speech production and detection. There appear to be no differences between men and women in this respect, other than those introduced by women’s lighter voices.
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  26.  22
    Schuckburgh's Herodotus - Herodotos VI. With Introduction, Notes and Maps. By E. S. Shuckbukgh, M.A. Cambridge: 1889. 4s. 6d. Herodotos IX. 1–89 Ditto. 1887. 3s. 6d. [REVIEW]W. M. R. - 1890 - The Classical Review 4 (1-2):21-22.
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  27. Health Research Participants' Preferences for Receiving Research Results.C. R. Long, M. K. Stewart, T. V. Cunningham, T. S. Warmack & P. A. McElfish - 2016 - Clinical Trials 13:1-10.
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  28.  9
    Resource Competition and Reproduction.Eckart Voland & R. I. M. Dunbar - 1995 - Human Nature 6 (1):33-49.
    A family reconstitution study of the Krummhörn population (Ostfriesland, Germany, 1720–1874) reveals that infant mortality and children’s probabilities of marrying or emigrating unmarried are affected by the number of living same-sexed sibs in farmers’ families but not in the families of landless laborers. We interpret these results in terms of a “local resource competition” model in which resource-holding families are obliged to manipulate the reproductive future of their offspring. In contrast, families that lack resources have no need to manipulate their (...)
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  29.  88
    What Logic Should We Think With?: R. M. Sainsbury.R. M. Sainsbury - 2002 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 51:1-17.
    Logic ought to guide our thinking. It is better, more rational, more intelligent to think logically than to think illogically. Illogical thought leads to bad judgment and error. In any case, if logic had no role to play as a guide to thought, why should we bother with it? The somewhat naïve opinions of the previous paragraph are subject to attack from many sides. It may be objected that an activity does not count as thinking at all unless it is (...)
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  30.  10
    The Experiences of People with Dementia and Intellectual Disabilities with Surveillance Technologies in Residential Care.A. R. Niemeijer, M. F. Depla, B. J. Frederiks & C. M. Hertogh - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (3):307-320.
  31.  40
    Psychologie des wissenschaftlichen Schaffens und Wissenschaftslehre.S. R. Mikulinskij & M. G. Jaroševskij - 1970 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 1 (1):83-103.
    Die Wissenschaftspsychologie wird als ein Gebiet interdisziplinärer Forschungen an der Grenze zwischen Psychologie und allgemeiner Theorie und Geschichte der Wissenschaft erörtert und ihr Verhältnis zu den anderen Richtungen der Wissenschaftsforschung, insbesondere zur Logik der Wissenschaftsentwicklung und zur Wissenschaftssoziologie dargestellt. Dabei heben die Autoren hervor, daß die Ausarbeitung jeder dieser Disziplinen eine Umgestaltung ihrer Ausgangsbegriffe und -methoden voraussetzt, was der Natur der Wissenschaft als spezifischen Systems und als besonderer sich historisch entwickelnder Tätigkeitsform entspricht. Als Grundprobleme werden u.a. behandelt: Kreativität, Motivation und (...)
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  32.  24
    Euthanasia in The Netherlands: The Role of the Dutch Medical Profession.R. J. M. Dillmann - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (1):100.
    Is it remarkable that the Royal Dutch Medical Association as a medical professional organization has the point of view that in particular circumstances euthanasia is an acceptable act for a physician. Seen from the viewpoints in the international community, we might say that it is highly remarkable. Frankly put: the RDMA has met strong international disapproval of its standpoint on euthanasia during the last 10 years or so. For instance, the World Medical Association still condemns physicians performing euthanasia as “unethical.” (...)
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  33. The Problem of Fake News.M. R. X. Dentith - 2016 - Public Reason 8 (1-2):65-79.
    Looking at the recent spate of claims about “fake news” which appear to be a new feature of political discourse, I argue that fake news presents an interesting problem in epistemology. Te phenomena of fake news trades upon tolerating a certain indiference towards truth, which is sometimes expressed insincerely by political actors. Tis indiference and insincerity, I argue, has been allowed to fourish due to the way in which we have set the terms of the “public” epistemology that maintains what (...)
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  34.  21
    Who Dares, Wins.Susan Kelly & R. I. M. Dunbar - 2001 - Human Nature 12 (2):89-105.
    Heroism is apparently nonadaptive in Darwinian terms, so why does it exist at all? Risk-taking and heroic behavior are predominantly male tendencies, and literature and legend reflect this. This study explores the possibility that heroism persists in many human cultures owing to a female preference for risk-prone rather than risk-averse males as sexual partners, and it suggests that such a preference may be exploited as a male mating strategy. It also attempts to quantify the relative influences of altruism and bravery (...)
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  35.  1
    Three Treatises on the Nature of Science. Galen, R. Walzer & M. Frede - 1985 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    _Contents:_ _Introduction__, Bibliography_ _On the Sects for Beginners_ _An Outline of Empiricism_ _On Medical Experience_ _Index of the Persons__ Mentioned in the Texts_ _Index of the Subjects__ Mentioned in the Texts_.
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  36.  27
    Perception and Action: M. R. Ayers.M. R. Ayers - 1969 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 3:91-106.
    There is an ancient and ambiguous philosophical doctrine that perception is passive. This can mean that the mind contributes nothing to the content of our sensory experience: its power of perception is a mere receptivity. In this sense the principle has often been questioned, and is indeed doubtful on empirical grounds, given one reasonable interpretation of what it would be for the mind to make such a contribution.
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  37.  41
    M. Tulli Ciceronis Pro C. Rabirio Postumo Oratio. Edidit Ioannes Carolus Giardina. Pp. 46. Rome: Mondadori, 1967. Paper, L.1,000. [REVIEW]R. G. M. Nisbet - 1971 - The Classical Review 21 (01):133-.
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  38.  8
    M. Tulli Ciceronis De Officiis. [REVIEW]R. G. M. Nisbet - 1967 - The Classical Review 17 (2):223-223.
  39.  11
    M. Tulli Ciceronis Timaeus. [REVIEW]R. G. M. Nisbet - 1966 - The Classical Review 16 (3):413-413.
  40.  39
    M. Tulli Ciceronis Oratio Pro L. Murena. [REVIEW]R. G. M. Nisbet - 1962 - The Classical Review 12 (3):311-312.
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  41.  16
    M. Tulli Ciceronis Pro C. Rabirio Postumo Oratio. Edidit Ioannes Carolus Giardina. Pp. 46. Rome: Mondadori, 1967. Paper, L.1,000. [REVIEW]R. G. M. Nisbet - 1971 - The Classical Review 21 (1):133-133.
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  42.  56
    Organization, Development and Function of Complex Brain Networks.O. Sporns, D. R. Chialvo, M. Kaiser & C. C. Hilgetag - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):418-425.
  43.  7
    VMV# algebrasV.R. Lewin, M. Sagastume & P. Massey - 2004 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 12 (6):461-483.
    In this paper we make an algebraic study of the variety of MV*-algebras introduced by C. C. Chang as an algebraic counterpart for a logic with positive and negative truth values.We build the algebraic theory of MV*-algebras within its own limits using a concept of ideal and of prime ideal that are very naturally related to the corresponding concepts in l-groups. The main results are a subdirect representation theorem, a completeness theorem, a study of simple and semisimple algebras, and a (...)
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  44.  6
    Influence of Crystalline Defects on 2-Beam Crystal Lattice Images-Experimental.J. R. Parsons, M. Rainville & C. W. Hoelke - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 21 (174):1105-1117.
  45.  34
    Russell on Acquaintance: R. M. Sainsbury.R. M. Sainsbury - 1986 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 20:219-244.
    In Russell's Problems of Philosophy, acquaintance is the basis of thought and also the basis of empirical knowledge. Thought is based on acquaintance, in that a thinker has to be acquainted with the basic constituents of his thoughts. Empirical knowledge is based on acquaintance, in that acquaintance is involved in perception, and perception is the ultimate source of all empirical knowledge.
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  46.  23
    The Secret Art of Managing Healthcare Expenses: Investigating Implicit Rationing and Autonomy in Public Healthcare Systems.S. M. R. Lauridsen, M. S. Norup & P. J. H. Rossel - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (12):704-707.
    Rationing healthcare is a difficult task, which includes preventing patients from accessing potentially beneficial treatments. Proponents of implicit rationing argue that politicians cannot resist pressure from strong patient groups for treatments and conclude that physicians should ration without informing patients or the public. The authors subdivide this specific programme of implicit rationing, or “hidden rationing”, into local hidden rationing, unsophisticated global hidden rationing and sophisticated global hidden rationing. They evaluate the appropriateness of these methods of rationing from the perspectives of (...)
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  47.  31
    Older People in Long-Term Care Settings as Research Informants: Ethical Challenges.R. Suhonen, M. Stolt & H. Leino-Kilpi - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (5):0969733012463722.
    Conducting nursing research in long-term care facilities and with samples of older people requires careful attention to research ethics and the ethical conduct of the study. This review analysed the research ethics of the empirical studies that focus on older people in long-term care settings as research participants. Articles (n = 66) focussing on older people in long-term care settings as research informants were retrieved from an electronic search of MEDLINE (1990 to February 2012) using the MESH terms ‘Nursing’ AND (...)
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  48.  15
    A Profile of Mathematical Logic. [REVIEW]P. M. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 24 (4):745-745.
    This volume gives an overview of the subject of mathematical logic, placing primary emphasis on theory instead of the development of skills. It contains chapters on the history of logic, first and second order quantification theory, metatheory, and some of the philosophical implications of recent work in the field. Needless to say, none of these topics is treated in any great detail owing to the space limitations. Care has been taken by the author, however, to insure that his discussions do (...)
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  49.  23
    Anarchy, State, and Utopia. [REVIEW]P. M. R. - 1976 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (1):134-135.
    Perhaps no work since John Rawls’ A Theory of Justice has attracted as much recent attention as Robert Nozick’s case for a minimal state—an ingeniously argued critique, not only of antinomian individualism, but also of liberal and socialist contractualism. It might be added that the book is no solace either to more conservative political theorists, who lament state incursion into private life, but whose political structures exhibit either actual or potential constriction of human life. Nozick’s book is both a searching (...)
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  50.  25
    A Theory of Perception. [REVIEW]L. M. R. - 1971 - Review of Metaphysics 25 (1):134-134.
    Pitcher has taken upon himself the task of refining and defending the thesis that sense perception is the acquiring of true beliefs concerning particular facts about one's environment, by means of the senses. The book is divided into four parts, the first part being a critical treatment of the sense-data theories via an examination of several of the major arguments traditionally forwarded in defense of the view. The theory advocated by the author is presented in the second part, where the (...)
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