Results for 'Nico Keijzer'

314 found
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  1.  33
    Military Obedience.Nico Keijzer - 1978 - Sijthoff & Noordhoff, [International Publishers].
    PART I PROLEGOMENA ACTING ON ORDERS "First, words are our tools, and, as a minimum, we should use clean tools: we should know what we mean and what we do ...
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  2.  33
    The Foundational Problem for Cognition.Fred Keijzer & Pamela Christine Lyon - unknown
    What is cognition? Despite the existence of a science of cognition there is no clear agreement on what makes certain phenomena cognitive, and others not. Within cognitivism the issue was neglected. Human intelligence was used as a standard, and any process—natural or artificial—that fitted this standard sufficiently could be considered ‘cognitive’. For post-cognitivist psychology the situation is different. It cannot rely on the ‘human standard’ in the same way. One might even say that the need for a post-cognitivist psychology arose (...)
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  3.  43
    Moving and Sensing Without Input and Output: Early Nervous Systems and the Origins of the Animal Sensorimotor Organization.Fred Keijzer - 2015 - Biology and Philosophy 30 (3):311-331.
    It remains a standing problem how and why the first nervous systems evolved. Molecular and genomic information is now rapidly accumulating but the macroscopic organization and functioning of early nervous systems remains unclear. To explore potential evolutionary options, a coordination centered view is discussed that diverges from a standard input–output view on early nervous systems. The scenario involved, the skin brain thesis, stresses the need to coordinate muscle-based motility at a very early stage. This paper addresses how this scenario with (...)
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  4.  18
    The Animal Sensorimotor Organization: A Challenge for the Environmental Complexity Thesis.Fred Keijzer & Argyris Arnellos - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (3):421-441.
    Godfrey-Smith’s environmental complexity thesis is most often applied to multicellular animals and the complexity of their macroscopic environments to explain how cognition evolved. We think that the ECT may be less suited to explain the origins of the animal bodily organization, including this organization’s potentiality for dealing with complex macroscopic environments. We argue that acquiring the fundamental sensorimotor features of the animal body may be better explained as a consequence of dealing with internal bodily—rather than environmental complexity. To press and (...)
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  5.  53
    The Sphex Story: How the Cognitive Sciences Kept Repeating an Old and Questionable Anecdote.Fred Keijzer - 2013 - Philosophical Psychology 26 (4):502-519.
    The Sphex story is an anecdote about a female digger wasp that at first sight seems to act quite intelligently, but subsequently is shown to be a mere automaton that can be made to repeat herself endlessly. Dennett and Hofstadter made this story well known and widely influential within the cognitive sciences, where it is regularly used as evidence that insect behavior is highly rigid. The present paper discusses the origin and subsequent empirical investigation of the repetition reported in the (...)
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  6.  61
    Cognition in Plants. Calvo, P. & Keijzer, F. A. - unknown
    To what extent can plants be considered cognitive from the perspective of embodied cognition? Cognition is interpreted very broadly within embodied cognition, and the current evidence for plant intelligence might find an important theoretical background here. However, embodied cognition does stress the presence of animal-like perception-action coupling as a key feature for cognitive systems to arise. In this paper, we discuss whether, or to what extent, plants may qualify as cognitive systems, given this criterion.
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  7.  12
    Describing Atypical Instances of Intelligence: The Case of Habituation.Fred Keijzer - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (7):1900079.
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  8.  22
    Principles of Minimal Cognition. Casting Cognition as Sensorimotor Coordination. Duijn, Marc van, Keijzer, F. A. & Franken, Daan - unknown
    We investigate the notion of minimal cognition, and claim that this notion already applies to bacterial behavior. On the basis of the example of E. coli, we argue that the basis of cognition can be profitably cast as sensorimotor coordinations which subserve the metabolic requirements of organisms.
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  9. Doing Without Representations Which Specify What to Do.Fred A. Keijzer - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (3):269-302.
    A discussion is going on in cognitive science about the use of representations to explain how intelligent behavior is generated. In the traditional view, an organism is thought to incorporate representations. These provide an internal model that is used by the organism to instruct the motor apparatus so that the adaptive and anticipatory characteristics of behavior come about. So-called interactionists claim that this representational specification of behavior raises more problems than it solves. In their view, the notion of internal representational (...)
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  10.  32
    Workspace and Sensorimotor Theories: Complementary Approaches to Experience.Jan Degenaar & Fred Keijzer - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (9):77-102.
    A serious difficulty for theories of consciousness is to go beyond mere correlation between physical processes and experience. Currently, neural workspace and sensorimotor contingency theories are two of the most promising approaches to make any headway here. This paper explores the relation between these two sets of theories. Workspace theories build on large-scale activity within the brain. Sensorimotor theories include external processes in their explanations, stressing the sensorimotor contingencies that arise from our interaction with the environment. Despite the basic differences, (...)
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  11. Embedded Cognition and Mental Causation: Setting Empirical Bounds on Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Fred Keijzer & Maurice Schouten - 2007 - Synthese 158 (1):109 - 125.
    We argue that embedded cognition provides an argument against Jaegwon Kim’s neural reduction of mental causation. Because some mental, or at least psychological processes have to be cast in an externalist way, Kim’s argument can be said to lead to the conclusion that mental causation is as safe as any other form of higher-level of causation.
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  12.  19
    Is “the Brain” a Helpful Metaphor for Neuroscience?Fred Keijzer - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    Brette criticizes the notion of neural coding as used in neuroscience as a way to clarify the causal structure of the brain. This criticism will be positioned in a wider range of findings and ideas from other branches of neuroscience and biology. While supporting Brette's critique, these findings also suggest the need for more radical changes in neuroscience than Brette envisions.
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  13.  46
    Being the Agent: Memory for Action Events.Elena Daprati, Daniele Nico, Nicolas Franck & Angela Sirigu - 2003 - Consciousness and Cognition 12 (4):670-683.
    Whoever paid the bill at the restaurant last night, will clearly remember doing it. Independently from the type of action, it is a common experience that being the agent provides a special strength to our memories. Even if it is generally agreed that personal memories (episodic memory) rely on separate neural substrates with respect to general knowledge (semantic memory), little is known on the nature of the link between memory and the sense of agency. In the present paper, we review (...)
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  14.  33
    The Human Stain: Why Cognitivism Can't Tell Us What Cognition is & What It Does. Lyon, P. & Keijzer, F. A. - unknown
    What is cognition? It is now common knowledge that, so far, no one has a ready answer. It is much less generally acknowledged that this is a matter of strong concern when it comes to the further development of the cognitive sciences. We discuss how cognitivism provided a strongly human orientation on cognition, which hindered the development of the standard piecemeal approach, which has been so extremely successful in the biological sciences more generally: first study simple cases and then move (...)
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  15.  44
    Behavioral Systems Interpreted as Autonomous Agents and as Coupled Dynamical Systems: A Criticism.Fred A. Keijzer & Sacha Bem - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (3):323-46.
    Cognitive science's basic premises are under attack. In particular, its focus on internal cognitive processes is a target. Intelligence is increasingly interpreted, not as a matter of reclusive thought, but as successful agent-environment interaction. The critics claim that a major reorientation of the field is necessary. However, this will only occur when there is a distinct alternative conceptual framework to replace the old one. Whether or not a serious alternative is provided is not clear. Among the critics there is some (...)
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  16.  24
    Robotics, Biological Grounding and the Fregean Tradition.Marti Hooijmans & Fred Keijzer - 2007 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 15 (3):515-546.
    Dynamic, embodied and situated cognition set up organism-environment interaction — agency for short — as the core of cognitive systems. Robotics became an important way to study this behavioral kernel of cognition. In this paper, we discuss the implications of what we call the biological grounding problem for robotic studies: Natural and artificial agents are hugely different and it will be necessary to articulate what must be replicated by artificial agents such as robots. Interestingly, once this issue is explicitly raised, (...)
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  17. Theoretical Behaviorism Meets Embodied Cognition: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior.Fred Keijzer - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (1):123-143.
    This paper aims to do three things: First, to provide a review of John Staddon's book Adaptive dynamics: The theoretical analysis of behavior. Second, to compare Staddon's behaviorist view with current ideas on embodied cognition. Third, to use this comparison to explicate some outlines for a theoretical analysis of behavior that could be useful as a behavioral foundation for cognitive phenomena. Staddon earlier defended a theoretical behaviorism, which allows internal states in its models but keeps these to a minimum while (...)
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  18.  12
    Superstitious Beliefs and the Associative Mind.Elena Daprati, Angela Sirigu, Michel Desmurget & Daniele Nico - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 75:102822.
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  19.  31
    Closure.Sam Nico - 2002 - Philosophy Now 37:45-46.
  20.  2
    Rapid Automatized Naming and Explicit Phonological Processing in Children With Developmental Dyslexia: A Study With Portuguese-Speaking Children in Brazil.Patrícia Botelho da Silva, Pascale M. J. Engel de Abreu, Paulo Guirro Laurence, Maria Ângela Nogueira Nico, Luiz Gustavo Varejão Simi, Rute C. Tomás & Elizeu Coutinho Macedo - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  21.  5
    Differentiating Animality From Agency Towards a Foundation for Cognition.Fred Keijzer - unknown
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  22.  30
    The Role of Selective Attention in the Gratton Effect.Bombeke Klaas, Duthoo Wout, Schevernels Hanne, Notebaert Wim & Boehler Nico - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  23.  59
    The Dynamics of What?Fred A. Keijzer, Sacha Ben & Lex van der Heijden - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (5):644-645.
    Van Gelder presents the distinction between dynamical systems and digital computers as the core issue of current developments in cognitive science. We think this distinction is much less important than a reassessment of cognition as a neurally, bodily, and environmentally embedded process. Embedded cognition lines up naturally with dynamical models, but it would also stand if combined with classic computation.
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  24.  55
    Evolution in Action in Perception.Fred Keijzer - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):519 – 529.
  25.  22
    Trends in Belichaamde Cognitie.Fred Keijzer - 2009 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 71 (3):499.
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  26.  14
    Repliek: Breken met een oude conceptuele tegenstelling.Fred Keijzer - 2016 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 108 (2):207-224.
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  27.  15
    Appunti sul significato etico della Cena del Signore in Ortensio da Spinetoli.Lucia Nico - 2005 - Idee 59:213-220.
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  28.  19
    Embodied Cognition Meets Theoretical Behaviorism: Two Theoretical Analyses of Behavior. Keijzer, F. A. - unknown
    John Staddon wrote a book Adaptive dynamics (2001), which explicated his theoretical behaviorism. In this review essay, I compare his theoretical behaviorism with embodied cognition, which also has a strong focus on behavior and also remains critical of mentalistic mechanisms for explaining it.
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  29.  18
    Evolution in Action in Perception. A Review of Alva Noë's Action in Perception. Keijzer, F. A. - unknown
    A review of Alva Noë’s Action in perception.
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  30.  3
    Communication in Online Social Networks Fosters Cultural Isolation.Marijn A. Keijzer, Michael Mäs & Andreas Flache - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-18.
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  31.  8
    Nature Loves to Hide.Sam Nico - 2001 - Philosophy Now 33:49-49.
  32.  16
    Modeling Human Experience?!Fred A. Keijzer - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (2):239 – 245.
    Borrett, Kelly and Kwan claim to provide neural-network models of important aspects of subjective human experience. To sidestep the long-standing and assumedly insurmountable problems with providing models of inner experience, they turn to a body-centered interpretation of experience, drawn from the work of Merleau-Ponty. This body-centered interpretation makes experience more tractable by linking it closely with bodily movement. However, when it comes to modeling, Borrett et al. ignore this body-centered interpretation and revert back to the traditional view of inner experience (...)
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  33.  8
    Gene Section.Domenico Ribatti & Beatrice Nico - forthcoming - Http://Atlasgeneticsoncology. Org.
  34.  4
    Note di lettura a globalizzare la responsabilità e la speranza di C. Quarta.Lucia Nico - 2006 - Idee 61:147-158.
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  35. Dependencies, Connections and Other Relations. [REVIEW]Fred Keijzer - 2005 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 4.
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  36. Review of Stan Franklin's Artificial Minds. [REVIEW]F. A. Keijzer - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9:553-554.
  37. Toward a Developmental Theory of Meaning: Grounding Mental Representations in Cognitive Science. [REVIEW]Fred Keijzer - 2003 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 4.
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  38. Europes Constitutional Monstrosity.Krisch Nico - 2005 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 25 (2).
  39. The Secular and the Sacred in the Thinking of John Milbank: A Critical Evaluation.Vorster Nico - 2012 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 11 (32):199-131.
     
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  40.  61
    Vision and Abstraction: An Empirical Refutation of Nico Orlandi’s Non-Cognitivism.Christopher Mole & Jiaying Zhao - 2016 - Philosophical Psychology 29 (3):365-373.
    This article argues against the non-cognitivist theory of vision that has been formulated in the work of Nico Orlandi. It shows that, if we understand ‘representation’ in the way Orlandi recommends, then the visual system’s response to abstract regularities must involve the formation of representations. Recent experiments show that those representations must be used by the visual system in the production of visual experiences. Their effects cannot be explained by taking them to be non-visual effects involving attention or memory. (...)
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  41. Understanding Action in Perception: Replies to Hickerson and Keijzer.Alva Noë - 2007 - Philosophical Psychology 20 (4):531 – 538.
    In this short essay I respond to the criticism of Action in Perception (2004) advanced by Ryan Hickerson and Fred Keijzer. In particular, I provide a brief precis of the main argument of Action in Perception. I seek to clarify the claims made in the book about the relation between perception and action, the importance of sensorimotor knowledge. I discuss the problem of "sensorimotor chauvinism," that of the "ping-pong playing robot," and the problem of perceptual presence.
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  42. The Innocent Eye: Why Vision Is Not a Cognitive Process By Nico Orlandi. [REVIEW]Thomas Polger - 2015 - Analysis 75 (2):343-345.
    In The Innocent Eye, Nico Orlandi argues that vision is not a cognitive process. In particular, she argues that forming subject-level visual representations that are available for reasoning should not itself be understood as a process of inference. This comes to the claim that vision (properly so-called) is a process that produces representations but is not best understood as a process that uses representations.
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  43.  39
    Half a Brain is Enough: The Story of Nico.A. Battro - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Half a Brain is Enough is the extraordinary story of Nico, a three-year-old boy who was given a right hemispherectomy to control his severe intractable epilepsy...
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  44.  12
    Educación e inclusión: el reto de un gobierno electrónico.Leticia Gómez Olmos - 2018 - Voces de la Educación 3 (5):78-90.
    La dimensión de los problemas sociales en México, exige mayor participación de los ciudadanos, revisando, proponiendo, vigilando y exigiendo gobiernos honestos, comprometidos en su función de servicio a la población y con resultados positivos. Se demanda contar con información verídica, de inclusión con acceso para todos. Entre las propuestas se contemplan plataformas en las redes de Internet para la transparencia y la rendición de cuentas de la Administración Pública. Este trabajo presenta un estudio exploratorio basado en una encuesta que se (...)
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  45. Anthony SR Manstead, Nico Frijda, and Agneta Fischer, Eds., Feelings and Emotions: The Amsterdam Symposium Reviewed By.Constantine Sandis - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (2):123-125.
     
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  46.  18
    The Discursive – Material Knot: Cyprus in Conflict and Community Media Participation: By Nico Carpentier. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2017, 472 Pp., 74£ / 44£ , ISBN: 9781433137556.Dafni Mangalousi - 2019 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (4):491-493.
    Volume 16, Issue 4, September 2019, Page 491-493.
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  47.  11
    The Discursive – Material Knot: Cyprus in Conflict and Community Media Participation: By Nico Carpentier. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2017, 472 Pp., 74£ / 44£ , ISBN: 9781433137556. [REVIEW]Dafni Mangalousi - 2019 - Critical Discourse Studies 16 (4):491-493.
    Volume 16, Issue 4, September 2019, Page 491-493.
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  48.  9
    O Sacro Império Romano-Germ'Nico - Um Irregulare Aliquod Corpus Et Monstro Simile?Peter Johann Mainka - 2019 - Dialogos 23 (2):162.
    Resumo: Este artigo pretende fornecer algumas informações básicas sobre o Sacro Império Romano-Germânico na transição da Idade Média para os Tempos Modernos, enfocando a estrutura constitucional do Império; a dinastia dos Habsburgos, que reinaram no Império a partir do século XV até o seu fim em 1806 quase que ininterruptamente; e o período da reforma constitucional do Império no fim do século XV, quando o Império passou por uma fase de institucionalização e condensação. Enquanto outros países da Europa já tinham (...)
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  49.  25
    Islam, Colonialism and the Modern Age in the Netherlands East Indies. A Biography of Sayyid ʿUthman By Nico J. G. Kaptein. [REVIEW]Edwin P. Wieringa - 2017 - Journal of Islamic Studies 28 (3):421-422.
    Islam, Colonialism and the Modern Age in the Netherlands East Indies. A Biography of Sayyid ʿUthman By KapteinNico J. G., xiv + 317 pp. Price €122. EAN 978–9004278691.
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  50.  24
    Recomendações e Princípios. As primeiras diretrizes do Foreign Office Brit'nico para as partes do Brasil -doi: 10.4025/dialogos.v17i2.768. [REVIEW]Rosângela Ferreira Leite - 2013 - Dialogos 17 (2).
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