Results for 'Nicolas David'

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  1.  6
    Matière et mélanges.David Nicolas - 2017 - le Français Moderne 2:246-260.
    In this paper, we consider various conceptions of what matter is, taking into account the particular case of mixtures. Portions of matter are typically referred to by mass nouns. So we present the two main accounts of their semantics and how this constrains what can be thought about the ontology of matter and mixtures. The singularist approach treats mass nouns as singular terms referring to mereological sums (Link 1983). The non-singularist approach is based on the idea that mass nouns have (...)
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  2. Superplurals in English.Øystein Linnebo & David Nicolas - 2008 - Analysis 68 (3):186–197.
    where ‘aa’ is a plural term, and ‘F’ a plural predicate. Following George Boolos (1984) and others, many philosophers and logicians also think that plural expressions should be analysed as not introducing any new ontological commitments to some sort of ‘plural entities’, but rather as involving a new form of reference to objects to which we are already committed (for an overview and further details, see Linnebo 2004). For instance, the plural term ‘aa’ refers to Alice, Bob and Charlie simultaneously, (...)
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  3. Mereological Essentialism, Composition, and Stuff: A Reply to Kristie Miller.David Nicolas - 2009 - Erkenntnis 71 (3):425-429.
    In ‘Essential stuff' (2008) and ‘Stuff' (2009), Kristie Miller argues that two generally accepted theses, often formulated as follows, are incompatible: - (Temporal) mereological essentialism for stuff (or matter), the thesis that any portion of stuff has the same parts at every time it exists. - Stuff composition, the thesis that for any two portions of stuff, there exists a portion of stuff that is their mereological sum (or fusion). She does this by considering competing hypotheses about stuff, trying to (...)
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  4.  97
    Mass Nouns and Plural Logic.David Nicolas - 2008 - Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (2):211-244.
    A dilemma put forward by Schein (1993) and Rayo (2002) suggests that, in order to characterize the semantics of plurals, we should not use predicate logic, but non-singular logic, a formal language whose terms may refer to several things at once. We show that a similar dilemma applies to mass nouns. If we use predicate logic and sets, we arrive at a Russellian paradox when characterizing the semantics of mass nouns. Likewise, a semantics of mass nouns based upon predicate logic (...)
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  5.  5
    Interprétons-nous de la même mannière les expressions 'deux pommes' et 'deux pommes et demie'?David Nicolas - 2016 - Travaux de Linguistique 72 (1):107-119.
    Do we interpret in the same manner the expressions 'deux pommes' and 'deux pommes et demie'? Studying their English equivalents 'two apples' and 'two and a half apples', Liebesman (2015) has recently proposed that the interpretation of both expressions involves a form of measure, distinct from simple counting. I first present Liebesman’s arguments concerning English. Then I analyze the case of French. I defend the following theses: the interpretation of 'deux pommes' does use ordinary counting with natural numbers, while the (...)
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  6.  39
    Review of Oliver & Smiley, Plural Logic, 2013. [REVIEW]David Nicolas - 2014 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2.
  7.  32
    Types of Degrees and Types of Event Structures.David Nicolas & Patrick Caudal - 2005 - In Event Arguments: Foundations and Applications. Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 277-300.
    In this paper, we investigate how certain types of predicates should be connected with certain types of degree scales, and how this can affect the events they describe. The distribution and interpretation of various degree adverbials will serve us as a guideline in this perspective. They suggest that two main types of degree scales should be distinguished: (i) quantity scales, which are characterized by the semantic equivalence of Yannig ate the cake partially and Yannig ate part of the cake; quantity (...)
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  8.  44
    Mass Nouns and Plural Logic (Extended Abstract).David Nicolas - 2007 - In Proceedings of the 16th Amsterdam Colloquium. Palteam. pp. 211-244.
  9.  67
    Plural Logic and Sensitivity to Order.Salvatore Florio & David Nicolas - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (3):444-464.
    Sentences that exhibit sensitivity to order (e.g. 'John and Mary arrived at school in that order' and 'Mary and John arrived at school in that order') present a challenge for the standard formulation of plural logic. In response, some authors have advocated new versions of plural logic based on fine-grained notions of plural reference, such as serial reference (Hewitt 2012) and articulated reference (Ben-Yami 2013). The aim of this article is to show that sensitivity to order should be accounted for (...)
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  10.  51
    Les usages déférentiels.Philippe de Brabanter, David Nicolas, Isidora Stojanovic & Neftali Villanueva Fernandez - 2005 - In L'épistémologie sociale. Editions de l'EHESS.
    Our aim in this paper is to clarify the distinctions and the relationships among several phenomena, each of which has certain characteristics of what is generally called “deference”. We distinguish linguistic deference, which concerns the use of language and the meaning of the words we use, from epistemic deference, which concerns our reasons and evidence for making the claims we make. In our in-depth study of linguistic deference, we distinguish two subcategories: default deference, and deliberate deference. We also discuss the (...)
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  11.  51
    Conversions of Count Nouns Into Mass Nouns in French.David Nicolas - manuscript
    In many languages, common nouns are divided into two morpho-syntactic subclasses, count nouns and mass nouns. Yet in certain contexts, count nouns can be used as if they were mass nouns. This linguistic phenomenon is called conversion. In this paper, we consider the conversions of count nouns into mass nouns in French. First, we identify a general semantic constraint that must be respected in these conversions, and various cases in which a count noun can be used as a mass noun. (...)
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  12.  45
    Can Mereological Sums Serve as the Semantic Values of Plurals?David Nicolas - manuscript
    Abstract: Friends of plural logic—like Oliver & Smiley (2001), Rayo (2002), Yi (2005), and McKay (2006)—have argued that a semantics of plurals based on mereological sums would be too weak, and they have adduced several examples in favor of their claim. However, they have not considered various possible counter-arguments. So how convincing are their own arguments? We show that several of them are easily answered, while some others are more problematic. Overall, the case against mereological singularism—the idea that mereological sums (...)
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  13.  26
    La distinction entre noms massifs et noms comptables.David Nicolas - 2002 - Editions Peeters.
  14.  91
    The Semantics of Nouns Derived From Gradable Adjectives.David Nicolas - 2003 - In Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 8. pp. 197-207.
    What semantics should we attribute to nouns like "wisdom" and "generosity", which are derived from gradable adjectives? We show that, from a morphosyntactic standpoint, these nouns are mass nouns. This leads us to consider and answer the following questions. How are these nouns interpreted in their various uses? What formal representations may one associate with their interpretations? How do these depend on the semantics of the adjective? And where lies the semantic unity of nouns like wisdom and generosity with the (...)
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  15.  23
    Review of J.Pelletier (Ed.), Kinds, Things, and Stuff, 2010. [REVIEW]David Nicolas - 2011 - Language 87.
  16.  20
    Do Mass Nouns Constitute a Semantically Uniform Class?David Nicolas - 2002 - Kansas Working Papers in Linguistics 26.
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  17.  18
    La Catégorisation des Noms Communs: Massifs Et Comptables.David Nicolas - 2002 - In Catégorisation et langage. Hermès.
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  18.  56
    Towards a Semantics for Mass Expressions Derived From Gradable Expressions.David Nicolas - 2010 - Recherches Linguistiques de Vincennes 39:163-198.
    What semantics should we attribute to mass expressions like "wisdom" and "love", which are derived from gradable expressions? We first examine how these expressions are used, then how they are interpreted in their various uses. We then propose a model to account for these data, in which derived mass nouns denote instances of properties.
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  19.  50
    Is There Anything Characteristic About the Meaning of a Count Noun?David Nicolas - 2002 - Revue de la Lexicologie 18.
    In English, some common nouns, like "cat", can be used in the singular and in the plural, while others, like "wate"r, are invariable. Moreover, nouns like "cat" can be employed with numerals like "one" and "two" and determiners like "a", "many" and "few", but neither with "much" nor "little". On the contrary, nouns like "milk" can be used with determiners like "much" and "little", but neither with "a", "one" nor "many". These two types of nouns constitute two morphosyntactic sub-classes of (...)
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  20.  14
    The Logic of Mass Expressions.David Nicolas - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  21.  34
    Delegation, Subdivision, and Modularity: How Rich is Conceptual Structure?Damián Justo, Julien Dutant, Benoît Hardy-Vallée, David Nicolas & Benjamin Q. Sylvand - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):683-684.
    Contra Jackendoff, we argue that within the parallel architecture framework, the generality of language does not require a rich conceptual structure. To show this, we put forward a delegation model of specialization. We find Jackendoff's alternative, the subdivision model, insufficiently supported. In particular, the computational consequences of his representational notion of modularity need to be clarified.
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  22.  29
    Count Nouns, Mass Nouns and Their Acquisition.David Nicolas - manuscript
    'Philosophy may in no way interfere with the actual use of language; it can in the end only describe it. For it cannot give it any foundation either. It leaves everything as it is.' 'We must do away with all explanation, and description alone must take its place.'.
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  23.  7
    La compositionalité: Questions conceptuelles.David Nicolas - 2006 - Sémanticlopédie : Dictionnaire de Sémantique.
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  24.  20
    La phrase nominale existentielle et la distinction aspectuelle télique / atélique.David Nicolas & Florence Lefeuvre - 2003 - Revue de Sémantique Et Pragmatique 14:157-173.
    L'objet de cet article est d'examiner en quoi la phrase nominale existentielle : (a) Lecture pendant toute la matinée. (b) Lecture d'un poème. (c) Lecture. peut être concernée par la distinction aspectuelle télique / atélique. Nous avons examiné les phrases qui, notamment à cause du type d'expression nominale employé, renvoient à un événement, un processus ou un état. Celles qui renvoient à un événement sont téliques, les autres sont atéliques, comme dans le cas des expressions verbales. Nous avons étudié les (...)
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  25.  6
    L’ambiguïté.David Nicolas - 2006 - Sémanticlopédie: Dictionnaire de Sémantique.
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  26.  15
    La distinction massif / comptable.David Nicolas - 2006 - Sémanticlopédie : Dictionnaire de Sémantique.
    In D. Godard, L. Roussarie & F. Corblin (eds.), Sémanticlopédie : dictionnaire de sémantique, GDR Sémantique & Modélisation, CNRS, http://www.semantique-gdr.net/dico/.
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  27. Entretiens Sur la Metaphysique, Sur la Religion, Et Sur la Mort.Nicolas Malebranche & Michel David - 1711 - Chez Michel David ..
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  28. De la Recherche de la Verité Où l'On Traitte de la Nature de l'Esprit de l'Homme, & de l'Usage Qu'il En Doit Faire Pour Éviter l'Erreur Dans les Sciences.Nicolas Malebranche & Michel David - 1674 - Chez Michel David, Quay des Augustins, À la Providence.
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  29. De la Recherche de la Verité Où L'on Traité de la Nature de l'Esprit de l'Homme, Et de l'Usage Qu'il En Doit Faire Pour Éviter l'Erreur Dans les Sciences.Nicolas Malebranche & Michel-Étienne David - 1674 - Chez Michel-Etienne David, Quay des Augustins, À la Providence.
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  30. Towards a Semantics for Mass Expressions Derived From Gradable Expressions.Nicolas David - manuscript
    What semantics should we attribute to mass expressions like "wisdom" and "love", which are derived from gradable expressions? We first examine how these expressions are used, then how they are interpreted in their various uses. We then propose a model to account for these data, in which derived mass nouns denote instances of properties.
     
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  31. Integrity of the Grey/White Matter Border is Associated with Cognitive Performance in Ageing: The PATH Through Life Project.Cherbuin Nicolas, Shaw Marnie, Salat David H., Sachdev Perminder & Anstey Kaarin - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  32. Functional Cerebral Reorganization: A Signature of Expertise? Reexamining Guida, Gobet, Tardieu, and Nicolas' Two-Stage Framework.Alessandro Guida, Fernand Gobet & Serge Nicolas - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  33.  17
    Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. I. The Warren PapyriPapyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. II. Einige Wiener PapyriPapyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. III. Some Oxford PapyriPapyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. IV. De Herodoti reliquiis in papyris et membranis Aegyptiis servatisPapyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Papyrologicum Universitatis Lugduno-Batavae, moderantibus M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven. V. Recherches sur le Recensement dans l'Egypte romaine Papyrologica Lugduno-Batava, edidit Institutum Pap. [REVIEW]E. G. Turner, M. David, B. A. van Groningen, J. C. van Oven, E. Boswinkel, E. P. Wegener, A. H. R. E. Paap, M. Hombert & Cl Preaux - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73:163.
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  34.  19
    The Geometry of a Dome: Ludovico David 's Dichiarazione Della Pittura Della Capella Del Collegio Clementino di Roma.Thomas Frangenberg & Ludovico David - 1994 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 57:191-208.
  35.  9
    The Ethics of War Richard Sorabji & David Rodin (Eds.) Ashgate, 2006, Pp. IX+ 253.Evans David - 2007 - Philosophy 82 (2):370.
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  36. Ensayos y Estudios de Juan David García Bacca.García Bacca & Juan David - 2002 - Fundación Para la Cultura Urbana.
  37. David Hume. Œuvres philosophiques choisies.Maxime David & L. Lévy-Bruhl - 1912 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 20 (3):6-7.
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  38.  12
    Arithmetizing the Geometry From Inside: David Hilbert's Segment Calculus.Eduardo Nicolás Giovannini - 2015 - Scientiae Studia 13 (1):11-48.
    Sobre la base que aportan las notas manuscritas de David Hilbert para cursos sobre geometría, el artículo procura contextualizar y analizar una de las contribuciones más importantes y novedosas de su célebre monografía Fundamentos de la geometría, a saber: el cálculo de segmentos lineales. Se argumenta que, además de ser un resultado matemático importante, Hilbert depositó en su aritmética de segmentos un destacado significado epistemológico y metodológico. En particular, se afirma que para Hilbert este resultado representaba un claro ejemplo (...)
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  39. David Fairweather Foxon 1923-2001.Nicolas Barker & James McLaverty - 2009 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 161, Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, VIII. pp. 159.
    David Fairweather Foxon, a Fellow of the British Academy, published English Verse 1701–1750: a Catalogue, a book that not only took a long leap forward into a new century; it also provided a cross-section through the record of all British books and books printed abroad in English in a period in which the total number of books, periodicals, and ephemera began to increase exponentially. The period was also one in which the whole concept of authorship and the relationship between (...)
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  40.  2
    Nicolas de Cues Penseur Et Artisan de L'Unité: Conjectures, Concorde, Coïncidence des Opposés.David Larre & Dominique de Courcelles (eds.) - 2005 - Ens Éditions.
    La passion de l'unité : tel semble avoir été l'un des principaux moteurs de l'activité diplomatique et intellectuelle du cardinal Nicolas de Cues (1401-1464).
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  41.  20
    The Withering Immortality of Nicolas Bourbaki: A Cultural Connector at the Confluence of Mathematics, Structuralism, and the Oulipo in France.David Aubin - 1997 - Science in Context 10 (2).
    The group of mathematicians known as Bourbaki persuasively proclaimed the isolation of its field of research – pure mathematics – from society and science. It may therefore seem paradoxical that links with larger French cultural movements, especially structuralism and potential literature, are easy to establish. Rather than arguing that the latter were a consequence of the former, which they were not, I show that all of these cultural movements, including the Bourbakist endeavor, emerged together, each strengthening the public appeal of (...)
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  42.  16
    Book Reviews : Dane R. Gordon and David C. Durst (Eds.), Civil Society in Southeast Europe, Rodopi, Amsterdam/New York, 2004. [REVIEW]Nicolas Hayoz & Anne Fouradoulas - 2005 - Studies in East European Thought 57 (2):220-222.
  43.  2
    José M. López Piñero. Los origines en España de los Estudios sobre la Salud Publica. Colección Textos Clásicos Españoles de la Salud Pública, No. 1. Madrid: Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, 1989. Pp. 245. ISBN 84-7670-164-0 ; 74-7670-165-9 .José Luis Fresquet Febrer. Francisco Méndez Alvaro y las ideas Sanitarias del Liberalismo Moderado. Colección Textos Clásicos Españoles de la Salud Publica, No. 14. Madrid: Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, 1990. Pp. 212. ISBN 84-7670-217-5 ; 84-7670-216-7 .Antonio M. Rey González. Estudios médicosociales sobre marginados en la España del siglo XIX. Colección Textos Clásicos Españoles de la Salud Pública, No. 17. Madrid: Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, 1990. Pp. 237. ISBN 84-7670-204-3 ; 84-7670-205-1 .Nicolás Monardes. La historia medicinal de las cosas que se traen de nuestras Indias Occidentales . Madrid: Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, 1989. Pp. 291. ISBN 84-7670-191-8. No prices given. [REVIEW]David Goodman - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (4):491.
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  44.  6
    Mathématiques Et Dialectique Chez Nicolas de Cuse Jean-Michel Counet Collection «Études de Philosophie Médiévale», Vol. 80 Paris, Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 2000, 457 P. [REVIEW]David Larre - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (02):385-.
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  45.  4
    Éthique Et Rationalité Conférences de David Gauthier, Jan Narveson Et Kai Nielsen Introduction Et Traduction Par Jocelyne Couture Collection «Philosophie Et Langage» Bruxelles, Pierre Mardaga, 1992, 128 P. [REVIEW]J. Nicolas Kaufmann - 1993 - Dialogue 32 (03):642-.
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  46. Nicolás Wey Gómez.The Tropics of Empire: Why Columbus Sailed South to the Indies. Xxiv + 592 Pp., Figs., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2008. $39.95. [REVIEW]David Buisseret - 2009 - Isis 100 (2):392-393.
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  47. The Humanization of Philosophy Through the Bhagavad Gita: Antonio de Nicolas and Ortega y Gasset.David L. Hall - 1981 - Philosophy Today 25 (1):63-67.
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  48. Mathématiques Et Dialectique Chez Nicolas de Cuse.David Larre - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (2):385-388.
     
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  49.  29
    Expérience Et Réflexivité: Perspectives au-Delà de L’Empirisme Et de L’Idéalisme.David Lauer, Christophe Laudou, Robin Celikates & Georg W. Bertram (eds.) - 2011 - L'Harmattan.
    This book collects essays from the 2006 and 2007 International Philosophy Colloquia Evian, centred around a central problem in the philosophy of mind: the relationship between the human faculty of sensory experience and the faculty of conceptual reflection, that is self-consciousness. Containing articles by philosophers of eight nationalities, in three languages (English, French, German), and of "analytical" as well as "continental" provenance, it beautifully represents the spirit of the colloquia. Authors include Joshua Andresen (AU Beirut), Valérie Aucouturier (Kent U / (...)
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  50.  73
    The Fulfillment of a Polanyian Vision of Heuristic Theology: David Brown’s Reframing of Revelation, Tradition, and Imagination.David James Stewart - 2014 - Tradition and Discovery 41 (3):4-19.
    According to Richard Gelwick, one of the fundamental implications of Polanyi’s epistemology is that all intellectual disciplines are inherently heuristic. This article draws out the implications of a heuristic vision of theology latent in Polanyi’s thought by placing contemporary theologian David Brown’s dynamic understanding of tradition, imagination, and revelation in the context of a Polanyian-inspired vision of reality. Consequently, such a theology will follow the example of science, reimagining its task as one of discovery rather than mere reflection on (...)
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