14 found
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  1.  19
    Epistemic Rights and Responsibilities of Digital Simulacra for Biomedicine.Mildred K. Cho & Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (9):43-54.
    Big data and artificial intelligence (“AI”) promise to transform virtually all aspects of biomedical research and health care (Matheny et al. 2019), through facilitation of drug development, diagno...
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  2.  15
    Returning Individual Research Results from Digital Phenotyping in Psychiatry.Francis X. Shen, Matthew L. Baum, Nicole Martinez-Martin, Adam S. Miner, Melissa Abraham, Catherine A. Brownstein, Nathan Cortez, Barbara J. Evans, Laura T. Germine, David C. Glahn, Christine Grady, Ingrid A. Holm, Elisa A. Hurley, Sara Kimble, Gabriel Lázaro-Muñoz, Kimberlyn Leary, Mason Marks, Patrick J. Monette, Jukka-Pekka Onnela, P. Pearl O’Rourke, Scott L. Rauch, Carmel Shachar, Srijan Sen, Ipsit Vahia, Jason L. Vassy, Justin T. Baker, Barbara E. Bierer & Benjamin C. Silverman - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (2):69-90.
    Psychiatry is rapidly adopting digital phenotyping and artificial intelligence/machine learning tools to study mental illness based on tracking participants’ locations, online activity, phone and text message usage, heart rate, sleep, physical activity, and more. Existing ethical frameworks for return of individual research results (IRRs) are inadequate to guide researchers for when, if, and how to return this unprecedented number of potentially sensitive results about each participant’s real-world behavior. To address this gap, we convened an interdisciplinary expert working group, supported by (...)
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  3.  13
    Re-thinking the Ethics of International Bioethics Conferencing.Timothy Emmanuel Brown, Nicole Martinez-Martin & Laura Yenisa Cabrera - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (4):55-57.
    Jecker and colleagues open (2024) a critical and needed dialogue about the ethics of international conferencing. In particular, they focus on proposing a set of principles in selecting the location...
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  4.  18
    Digital Contact Tracing, Privacy, and Public Health.Nicole Martinez-Martin, Sarah Wieten, David Magnus & Mildred K. Cho - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (3):43-46.
    Digital contact tracing, in combination with widespread testing, has been a focal point for many plans to “reopen” economies while containing the spread of Covid‐19. Most digital contact tracing projects in the United States and Europe have prioritized privacy protections in the form of local storage of data on smartphones and the deidentification of information. However, in the prioritization of privacy in this narrow form, there is not sufficient attention given to weighing ethical trade‐offs within the context of a public (...)
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  5.  9
    Bridging the AI Chasm: Can EBM Address Representation and Fairness in Clinical Machine Learning?Nicole Martinez-Martin & Mildred K. Cho - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (5):30-32.
    McCradden et al. propose to close the “AI chasm” between algorithms and clinically meaningful application using the norms of evidence-based medicine and clinical research, with the rat...
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  6.  7
    Surveillance and Digital Health.Nicole Martinez-Martin & Danton Char - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (9):67-68.
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  7.  30
    Rationales and Approaches to Protecting Brain Data: a Scoping Review.Anita S. Jwa & Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2023 - Neuroethics 17 (1):1-15.
    Advances in neurotechnologies, artificial intelligence (AI) and Big Data analytics are allowing interpretation of patterns from brain data to identify and even predict and manipulate mental states. Furthermore, there are avenues through which brain data can move into the consumer sphere, be reidentified and brokered. In response to these developments, there have been a number of approaches proposed to strengthen protections of brain data. To better understand the landscape of brain data protection discussions, we conducted a scoping review to identify (...)
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  8.  8
    Big Data, Corporate Surveillance and Public Health.Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):79-81.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page 79-81.
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  9.  9
    Viewing CAI as a Tool Within the Mental Health Care System.Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (5):57-59.
    Sedlakova and Trachsel (2023) advocate for a holistic approach to assessing ethical application of conversational artificial intelligence (CAI) in mental health therapy. They first describe CAI as...
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  10.  7
    Addressing COVID-19 Health Disparities & Latinidad.Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):98-99.
    After the November 2020 U.S. presidential election, many political analysts looked at the voting patterns of Latinx communities with consternation and surprise. Some analysts noted that “Latinx” ha...
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  11.  7
    Envisioning a Path toward Equitable and Effective Digital Mental Health.Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (3):196-198.
    Digital mental health technologies have been promoted with the promise of delivering wide-scale access to more efficient and effective mental health diagnosis and care. During the pandemic, the rap...
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  12.  6
    Punishment and Rehabilitation in the Use of Neurointerventions for Criminals.Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (3):152-153.
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  13.  6
    Psychiatric Genetics in a Risk Society.Nicole Martinez-Martin - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (4):1-2.
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  14.  7
    What about Ethics in Design Bioethics?Nicole Martinez-Martin & Daphne Martschenko - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (6):61-63.
    Design bioethics, as defined by Pavarini et al. is “purpose-built, technology-driven research tools” that provide “the chance to leverage technological advances at the interface of engin...
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