Results for 'Niels Lyn��e'

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  1.  21
    Value-Impregnated Factual Claims May Undermine Medical Decision-Making.Niels Lynøe, Gert Helgesson & Niklas Juth - 2018 - Clinical Ethics 13 (3):151-158.
    Clinical decisions are expected to be based on factual evidence and official values derived from healthcare law and soft laws such as regulations and guidelines. But sometimes personal values instead influence clinical decisions. One way in which personal values may influence medical decision-making is by their affecting factual claims or assumptions made by healthcare providers. Such influence, which we call ‘value-impregnation,’ may be concealed to all concerned stakeholders. We suggest as a hypothesis that healthcare providers’ decision making is sometimes affected (...)
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  2.  9
    Physicians’ Practices When Frustrating Patients’ Needs: A Comparative Study of Restrictiveness in Offering Abortion and Sedation Therapy: Table 1.Niels Lynøe - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):306-309.
    In this paper it is argued that physicians’ restrictive attitudes in offering abortions during 1946–1965 in Sweden were due to their private values. The values, however, were rarely presented openly. Instead physicians’ values influenced their assessment of the facts presented—that is, the women's’ trustworthiness. In this manner the physicians were able to conceal their private values and impede the women from getting what they wanted and needed. The practice was concealed from both patients and physicians and never publicly discussed. It (...)
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  3.  17
    From Child Protection to Paradigm Protection—The Genesis, Development, and Defense of a Scientific Paradigm.Niels Lynøe, Niklas Juth & Anders Eriksson - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (3):378-390.
    A scientific paradigm typically embraces research norms and values, such as truth-seeking, critical thinking, disinterestedness, and good scientific practice. These values should prevent a paradigm from introducing defective assumptions. But sometimes, scientists who are also physicians develop clinical norms that are in conflict with the scientific enterprise. As an example of such a conflict, we have analyzed the genesis and development of the shaken baby syndrome paradigm. The point of departure of the analysis is a recently conducted systematic literature review, (...)
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  4.  23
    Police in an Intensive Care Unit: What Can Happen?Niels Lynøe & Madeleine Leijonhufvud - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):772-775.
    During spring 2009 a Swedish senior paediatric intensivist and associate professor was detained and later prosecuted for mercy-killing a child with severe brain damage. The intensivist was accused of having used high doses of thiopental after having withdrawn life-sustaining treatment when the child was imminently dying. After more than 2.5 years of investigation the physician was acquitted by the Stockholm City Court. The court additionally stated that the physician had provided good end-of-life care. Since the trial it has become evident (...)
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  5.  25
    Heed or disregard a cancer patient’s critical blogging? An experimental study of two different framing strategies.Niels Lynøe, Sara NattochDag, Magnus Lindskog & Niklas Juth - 2016 - BMC Medical Ethics 17 (1):1.
    We have examined healthcare staff attitudes of toward a blogging cancer patient who publishes critical posts about her treatment and their possible effect on patient-staff relationships and treatment decisions. We used two versions of a questionnaire containing a vignette based on a modified real case involving a 39-year-old cancer patient who complained on her blog about how she was encountered and the treatment she received. Initially she was not offered a new, and expensive treatment, which might have influenced her perception (...)
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  6.  12
    Duelling with Doctors, Restoring Honour and Avoiding Shame? A Cross-Sectional Study of Sick-Listed Patients' Experiences of Negative Healthcare Encounters with Special Reference to Feeling Wronged and Shame.Niels Lynøe, Maja Wessel, Daniel Olsson, Kristina Alexanderson, Torbjörn Tännsjö & Niklas Juth - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10):654-657.
    Aims The aim of this study was to examine if it is plausible to interpret the appearance of shame in a Swedish healthcare setting as a reaction to having one's honour wronged. Methods Using a questionnaire, we studied answers from a sample of long-term sick-listed patients who had experienced negative encounters (n=1628) and of these 64% also felt wronged. We used feeling wronged to examine emotional reactions such as feeling ashamed and made the assumption that feeling shame could be associated (...)
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  7.  15
    Value-Impregnated Factual Claims and Slippery-Slope Arguments.Gert Helgesson, Niels Lynøe & Niklas Juth - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (1):147-150.
    Slippery-slope arguments typically question a course of action by estimating that it will end in misery once the first unfortunate step is taken. Previous studies indicate that estimations of the long-term consequences of certain debated actions, such as legalizing physician-assisted suicide, may be strongly influenced by tacit personal values. In this paper, we suggest that to the extent that slippery-slope arguments rest on estimations of future events, they may be mere rationalizations of personal values. This might explain why there are (...)
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  8.  17
    Are Smokers Less Deserving of Expensive Treatment? A Randomised Controlled Trial That Goes Beyond Official Values.Joar Björk, Niels Lynøe & Niklas Juth - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):28.
    To investigate whether Swedish physicians, contrary to Swedish health care policy, employ considerations of patient responsibility for illness when rationing expensive treatments.
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  9.  32
    Are There Morally Relevant Differences Between Hymen Restoration and Bloodless Treatment for Jehovah’s Witnesses?Niklas Juth & Niels Lynøe - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):89.
    Hymen reconstruction is a controversial measure performed to help young females under threat of honour-related violence. Official guidelines often reject offering hymen reconstructions. On the other hand, extraordinary measures in order to enable operations of Jehovah’s Witnesses who want a bloodless operation in order to avoid religiously related sanctions are often considered praiseworthy. The aim is thus to examine whether or not there are relevant differences between these two measures.
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  10.  6
    Hidden Clinical Values and Overestimation of Shaken Baby Cases.Niels Lynøe & Anders Eriksson - 2019 - Clinical Ethics 14 (3):151-154.
    Epidemiological studies indicate that the incidence of shaken baby cases is overestimated and that this is due to biased classifications, based on ethical rather than scientific considerations. In...
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  11.  1
    Response to Brierley.Niels Lynøe & Madeleine Leijonhufved - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):779-779.
    One problem, as we see it, is that in Sweden we do not know for sure whether or not certain soft laws ….
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  12.  59
    To Treat or Not to Treat a Newborn Child with Severe Brain Damage? A Cross-Sectional Study of Physicians’ and the General Population’s Perceptions of Intentions.Anders Rydvall, Niklas Juth, Mikael Sandlund, Magnus Domellöf & Niels Lynøe - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):81-88.
    Ethical dilemmas are common in the neonatal intensive care setting. The aim of the present study was to investigate the opinions of Swedish physicians and the general public on treatment decisions regarding a newborn with severe brain damage. We used a vignette-based questionnaire which was sent to a random sample of physicians (n = 628) and the general population (n = 585). Respondents were asked to provide answers as to whether it is acceptable to discontinue ventilator treatment, and when it (...)
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  13.  51
    Medicine & Philosophy. A Twenty‐First Century Introduction – By Ingvar Johansson and Niels Lynøe.Pierdaniele Giaretta - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (1):89-94.
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  14.  12
    Are Physicians’ Estimations of Future Events Value-Impregnated? Cross-Sectional Study of Double Intentions When Providing Treatment That Shortens a Dying Patient’s Life.Anders Rydvall, Niklas Juth, Mikael Sandlund & Niels Lynøe - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (3):397-402.
    The aim of the present study was to corroborate or undermine a previously presented conjecture that physicians’ estimations of others’ opinions are influenced by their own opinions. We used questionnaire based cross-sectional design and described a situation where an imminently dying patient was provided with alleviating drugs which also shortened life and, additionally, were intended to do so. We asked what would happen to physicians’ own trust if they took the action described, and also what the physician estimated would happen (...)
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  15. Medicine and Philosophy: A Twenty-First Century Introduction.Ingvar Johansson & Niels Lynøe - 2008 - Ontos Verlag.
    This textbook introduces the reader to basic problems in the philosophy of science and ethics, mainly by means of examples from medicine. It is based on the conviction that philosophy, medical science, medical informatics, and medical ethics are overlapping disciplines. It claims that the philosophical lessons to learn from the twentieth century are not that nature is a 'social construction' and that 'anything goes' with respect to methodological and moral rules. Instead, it claims that there is scientific knowledge, but that (...)
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  16.  20
    “Right to Recommend, Wrong to Require”- an Empirical and Philosophical Study of the Views Among Physicians and the General Public on Smoking Cessation as a Condition for Surgery.Joar Björk, Niklas Juth & Niels Lynøe - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):2.
    In many countries, there are health care initiatives to make smokers give up smoking in the peri-operative setting. There is empirical evidence that this may improve some, but not all, operative outcomes. However, it may be feared that some support for such policies stems from ethically questionable opinions, such as paternalism or anti-smoker sentiments. This study aimed at investigating the support for a policy of smoking cessation prior to surgery among Swedish physicians and members of the general public, as well (...)
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  17.  4
    Trends in Swedish Physicians’ Attitudes Towards Physician-Assisted Suicide: A Cross-Sectional Study.Niklas Juth, Mikael Sandlund, Ingemar Engström, Anna Lindblad & Niels Lynøe - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-9.
    AimsTo examine attitudes towards physician-assisted suicide among physicians in Sweden and compare these with the results from a similar cross-sectional study performed in 2007.ParticipantsA random selection of 250 physicians from each of six specialties and all 127 palliative care physicians in Sweden were invited to participate in this study.SettingA postal questionnaire commissioned by the Swedish Medical Society in collaboration with Karolinska Institute in Stockholm. ResultsThe total response rate was 59.2%. Slightly fewer than half [47.1% ] of the respondents from the (...)
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  18. Lyn Frazier, Maria Nella Carminati, Anne E. Cook, Helen Majewski and Keith Rayner (University of Massachusetts) Semantic Evaluation of Syntactic Structure: Evidence From Eye Movements, B53–B62 Andrea Weber (Saarland University), Martine Grice (University of Cologne) and Matthew W. Crocker (Saarland University). [REVIEW]Tania Lombrozo, Susan Carey, Joana Cholin, Willem Jm Levelt, Niels O. Schiller, Rebecca J. Woods & Teresa Wilcox - 2006 - Cognition 99:385-387.
  19.  61
    Ingvar Johansson, Neils Lynøe: Medicine & Philosophy: A Twenty-First Century Introduction: Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt, 2008, 475 Pp, $54.00 , ISBN 978-3-938793-90-9.James A. Marcum - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (5):395-399.
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  20. Physique Atomique Et Connaissance Humaine.Niels Bohr, E. Bauer & R. Omnes - 1963 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 19 (1):105-106.
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  21.  12
    Atomi metafori paradossi: Niels Bohr e la costruzione di una nuova fisica. Sandro Petruccioli.Judith R. Goodstein - 1992 - Isis 83 (1):158-158.
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  22.  3
    Making Duration of Phenomena: On Sight and Hearing by Lyn Hejinian and Leslie Scalapino.E. Tracy Grinnell, Lyn Hejinian & Leslie Scalapino - 2020 - philoSOPHIA: A Journal of Continental Feminism 10 (1):113-124.
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  23.  18
    Sandro Petruccioli, Atomi metafore paradossi: Niels Bohr e la costruzione di una nuovafisica.Olivier Darrigol - 1990 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 43 (4):490-492.
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  24.  18
    Tree Thinking for All Biology: The Problem with Reading Phylogenies as Ladders of Progress.Kevin E. Omland, Lyn G. Cook & Michael D. Crisp - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (9):854-867.
    Phylogenies are increasingly prominent across all of biology, especially as DNA sequencing makes more and more trees available. However, their utility is compromised by widespread misconceptions about what phylogenies can tell us, and improved tree thinking is crucial. The most-serious problem comes from reading trees as ladders from left to right - many biologists assume that species-poor lineages that appear early branching or basal are ancestral - we call this the primitive lineage fallacy. This mistake causes misleading inferences about changes (...)
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  25.  55
    When Envy Leads to Schadenfreude.Niels van de Ven, Charles E. Hoogland, Richard H. Smith, Wilco W. van Dijk, Seger M. Breugelmans & Marcel Zeelenberg - 2015 - Cognition and Emotion 29 (6):1007-1025.
  26.  47
    Self-Referent Information-Processing in Individuals at High and Low Cognitive Risk for Depression.Lauren B. Alloy, Lyn Y. Abramson, Laura A. Murray, Wayne G. Whitehouse & Michael E. Hogan - 1997 - Cognition and Emotion 11 (5-6):539-568.
  27.  20
    Protolanguage in Ontogeny and Phylogeny Combining Deixis and Representation.Patricia M. Greenfield, Heidi Lyn & Sue E. Savage-Rumbaugh - 2008 - Interaction Studies 9 (1):34-50.
  28.  14
    Simon Says: The Development of Imitation in an Enculturated Orangutan.H. Lyn Miles, Robert W. Mitchell & Stephen E. Harper - 1996 - In A. Russon, Kim A. Bard & S. Parkers (eds.), Reaching Into Thought: The Minds of the Great Apes. Cambridge University Press. pp. 278--299.
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  29.  10
    Morphological Priming During Language Switching: An ERP Study.Saskia E. Lensink, Rinus G. Verdonschot & Niels O. Schiller - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  30.  9
    Protolanguage in Ontogeny and Phylogeny: Combining Deixis and Representation.Patricia M. Greenfield, Heidi Lyn & E. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh - 2008 - Interaction Studies: Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 9 (1):34-50.
  31.  30
    Against Comparativism About Mass in Newtonian Gravity - a Case Study in the Metaphysics of Scale.Niels C. M. Martens - 2017 - Dissertation, University of Oxford
    This thesis concerns the metaphysics of scale. It investigates the implications of a physical determinable being dimensionful. In particular, it considers the case study of mass, as it features within Newtonian Gravity. Nevertheless, most of the terminology, methodology and arguments developed should be relatively straightforwardly applicable to other determinables and theories. -/- Weak Absolutism about mass holds that mass ratios obtain in virtue of absolute masses. Weak Comparativism denies this. In the first five chapters I argue in favour of Weak (...)
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  32.  10
    Naturrecht und Sozialethik.Niels H. Søe - 1968 - Zeitschrift Für Evangelische Ethik 12 (1):65-80.
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  33.  67
    A Proof That Meanings Are Neither Ideas nor Concepts.Niels E. Christensen - 1956 - Analysis 17 (1):10 - 13.
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  34.  16
    Further Comments on Two-Valued Logic.Niels E. Christensen - 1957 - Philosophical Studies 8 (1-2):9 - 15.
  35.  20
    On an Apparent Circularity in Some Definitions of Logical Truth.Niels E. Christensen - 1957 - Mind 66 (263):395-397.
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  36.  11
    What Sort of Things Are Meanings?Niels E. Christensen - 1960 - Atti Del XII Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 4:69-76.
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  37.  3
    A Proof That Meanings Are Neither Ideas Nor Concepts.Niels E. Christensen & Alonso Church - 1956 - Analysis 17:10.
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  38.  44
    International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Volumes I and II: Foundations of the Unity of Science.Volume I, Number 1: Encyclopedia and Unified Science.Volume I, Number 2: Foundations of the Theory of Signs.Volume I, Number 5: Procedures of Empirical Science. [REVIEW]E. N., Otto Neurath, Niels Bohr, John Dewey, Bertrand Russell, Rudolf Carnap, Charles W. Morris & Victor F. Lenzen - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (25):689.
  39. Niels Bohr’s Interpretation and the Copenhagen Interpretation—Are the Two Incompatible?Ravi Gomatam - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):736-748.
    The Copenhagen interpretation, which informs the textbook presentation of quantum mechanics, depends fundamentally on the notion of ontological wave-particle duality and a viewpoint called “complementarity.” In this paper, Bohr's own interpretation is traced in detail and is shown to be fundamentally different from and even opposed to the Copenhagen interpretation in virtually all its particulars. In particular, Bohr's interpretation avoids the ad hoc postulate of wave function ‘collapse' that is central to the Copenhagen interpretation. The strengths and weakness of both (...)
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  40. The Dialogical Entailment Task.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen - 2019 - Cognition:104010.
    In this paper, a critical discussion is made of the role of entailments in the so-called New Paradigm of psychology of reasoning based on Bayesian models of rationality (Elqayam & Over, 2013). It is argued that assessments of probabilistic coherence cannot stand on their own, but that they need to be integrated with empirical studies of intuitive entailment judgments. This need is motivated not just by the requirements of probability theory itself, but also by a need to enhance the interdisciplinary (...)
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  41.  24
    Morphological Priming Survives a Language Switch.Rinus G. Verdonschot, Renee Middelburg, Saskia E. Lensink & Niels O. Schiller - 2012 - Cognition 124 (3):343-349.
  42.  11
    Protolanguage in Ontogeny and Phylogeny.Patricia M. Greenfield, Heidi Lyn & E. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh - 2010 - In M. Arbib D. Bickerton (ed.), The Emergence of Protolanguage: Holophrasis Vs Compositionality. John Benjamins. pp. 24--35.
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  43. Protolanguage in Ontogeny and Phylogeny.Patricia M. Greenfield, Heidi Lyn & E. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh - 2008 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 9 (1):34-50.
    We approach the issue of holophrasis versus compositionality in the emergence of protolanguage by analyzing the earliest combinatorial constructions in child, bonobo, and chimpanzee: messages consisting of one symbol combined with one gesture. Based on evidence from apes learning an interspecies visual communication system and children acquiring a first language, we conclude that the potential to combine two different kinds of semiotic element — deictic and representational — was fundamental to the protolanguage forming the foundation for the earliest human language. (...)
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  44. Studies on the Beginning of Hydration of Clinker and Cement.He Schwiete, U. Ludwig & E. Niel - 1965 - In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship. pp. 7--221.
     
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  45. What Makes a Classical Concept Classical? Toward a Reconstruction of Niels Bohr's Philosophy of Physics.Don Howard - 1994 - In Niels Bohr and Contemporary Philosophy. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 201--230.
    Niels Bohr, 19231 “There must be quite definite and clear grounds, why you repeatedly declare that one must interpret observations classically, which lie absolute ly in thei r essenc e. . . . It must belong to your deepest conviction—and I cannot understand on what you base it.”.
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  46. Kierkegaard and Human Values.George E. Arbaugh, Niels Thulstrup & Marie Mikulová Thulstrup (eds.) - 1980 - Reitzels.
     
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  47.  17
    Information Technology From a Knowledge System Perspective: Concepts and Issues. [REVIEW]Niels G. Röling & Paul G. H. Engel - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):6-18.
    Studying knowledge utilization and related processes calls for a conceptual framework. We look at the actors that engage in these processes in a specific field of human activity, and the interfaces and linkages between them, as a Knowledge and Information System (KIS). Although this KIS perspective originates from agriculture it also can be applied to other knowledge domains. Evidence gathered shows that for a KIS to be effective the actors (e.g., researchers, extensionalists, and clients) must act synergically. This inspired us (...)
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  48. Practical Knowledge and Foreseen Side Effects.Niels Van Miltenburg - 2011 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (1):1-7.
    On Anscombe's view, intentional actions are characterized by a specific type of knowledge (practical knowledge) possessed by the agents that perform them. Recently, interest in Anscombean action theory has been renewed. Sarah Paul argues that Anscombean action theory faces a serious problem: It fails to discriminate between an action’s intended aim or purpose and its foreseen side effects. Since Anscombeans conceive practical knowledge as the formal cause of intentional actions, Paul dubs this a problem of “deviant formal causation.” In this (...)
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  49. Gerard Austin, Ed., Fountain of Life. In Memory of Niels K. Rasmussen, OP Washington, DC: The Pastoral Press, 1991. Paper. Pp. Ix, 249. $24.95. [REVIEW]Roger E. Reynolds - 1994 - Speculum 69 (1):105-107.
  50. Ranking Theory.Gabriele Kern-Isberner, Niels Skovgaard-Olsen & Wolfgang Spohn - forthcoming - Knauff, M. & Spohn, W. (Eds). The Handbook of Rationality. MIT Press.
    Ranking theory is one of the salient formal representations of doxastic states. It differs from others in being able to represent belief in a proposition (= taking it to be true), to also represent degrees of belief (i.e. beliefs as more or less firm), and thus to generally account for the dynamics of these beliefs. It does so on the basis of fundamental and compelling rationality postulates and is hence one way of explicating the rational structure of doxastic states. Thereby (...)
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