Results for 'Nigel Hughes'

994 found
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  1.  33
    Strength in Numbers: High Phenotypic Variance in Early Cambrian Trilobites and its Evolutionary Implications.Nigel C. Hughes - 2007 - Bioessays 29 (11):1081-1084.
  2.  17
    Key Ethical Challenges in the European Medical Information Framework.Luciano Floridi, Christoph Luetge, Ugo Pagallo, Burkhard Schafer, Peggy Valcke, Effy Vayena, Janet Addison, Nigel Hughes, Nathan Lea, Caroline Sage, Bart Vannieuwenhuyse & Dipak Kalra - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (3):355-371.
    The European Medical Information Framework project, funded through the IMI programme, has designed and implemented a federated platform to connect health data from a variety of sources across Europe, to facilitate large scale clinical and life sciences research. It enables approved users to analyse securely multiple, diverse, data via a single portal, thereby mediating research opportunities across a large quantity of research data. EMIF developed a code of practice to ensure the privacy protection of data subjects, protect the interests of (...)
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  3. Book Reviews : The Revival of Natural Law: Philosophical, Theological and Ethical Responses to the Finnis-Grisez School, Edited by Nigel Biggar and Rufus Black. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000. 318 Pp. Hb. £47.50 ISBN 0-7546-1262-7. [REVIEW]Gerard J. Hughes - 2002 - Studies in Christian Ethics 15 (1):118-122.
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  4.  11
    Nephrologists' Management of Patient Medications in Kidney Transplantation: Results of an Online Survey.Kimberley Crawford, Jac Kee Low, Elizabeth Manias, Rowan Walker, Nigel D. Toussaint, William Mulley, Michael Dooley, Francesco L. Ierino, Peter Hughes, David J. Goodman & Allison Williams - 2015 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 21 (5):879-885.
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  5.  3
    Public Involvement in the Governance of Population-Level Biomedical Research: Unresolved Questions and Future Directions.Sonja Erikainen, Phoebe Friesen, Leah Rand, Karin Jongsma, Michael Dunn, Annie Sorbie, Matthew McCoy, Jessica Bell, Michael Burgess, Haidan Chen, Vicky Chico, Sarah Cunningham-Burley, Julie Darbyshire, Rebecca Dawson, Andrew Evans, Nick Fahy, Teresa Finlay, Lucy Frith, Aaron Goldenberg, Lisa Hinton, Nils Hoppe, Nigel Hughes, Barbara Koenig, Sapfo Lignou, Michelle McGowan, Michael Parker, Barbara Prainsack, Mahsa Shabani, Ciara Staunton, Rachel Thompson, Kinga Varnai, Effy Vayena, Oli Williams, Max Williamson, Sarah Chan & Mark Sheehan - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106530.
    Population-level biomedical research offers new opportunities to improve population health, but also raises new challenges to traditional systems of research governance and ethical oversight. Partly in response to these challenges, various models of public involvement in research are being introduced. Yet, the ways in which public involvement should meet governance challenges are not well understood. We conducted a qualitative study with 36 experts and stakeholders using the World Café method to identify key governance challenges and explore how public involvement can (...)
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  6.  34
    Personal Identity: A Defence of Locke: M. W. Hughes.M. W. Hughes - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (192):169-187.
    The theory of personal identity should illuminate and be illuminated by the theory of personality, of which it is a part. I believe that Locke's theory succeeds in this more than that of any other great philosopher, and the modifications which it may need are not fundamental ones. The problems raised by Butler and Flew can be made to disappear.
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  7. The Structure and Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.R. I. G. Hughes - 1989 - Harvard University Press.
    R.I.G Hughes offers the first detailed and accessible analysis of the Hilbert-space models used in quantum theory and explains why they are so successful.
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  8.  31
    Consciousness and Society.H. Stuart Hughes - 1958 - New York: Knopf.
    Hughes approaches his subjects, as he later did with pertinent issues of the twentieth-century, with both reason and compassion.This edition includes an elegant ...
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  9. Models and Representation.Richard Hughes - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):336.
    A general account of modeling in physics is proposed. Modeling is shown to involve three components: denotation, demonstration, and interpretation. Elements of the physical world are denoted by elements of the model; the model possesses an internal dynamic that allows us to demonstrate theoretical conclusions; these in turn need to be interpreted if we are to make predictions. The DDI account can be readily extended in ways that correspond to different aspects of scientific practice.
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  10.  12
    A Reply To Uttl And Morin’s Commentary Of Hughes And Nicholson ☆.Susan M. Hughes & Julia Heberle - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1138-1139.
    In response to a commentary provided by Uttl and Morin regarding the recent study by Hughes and Nicholson, we evaluate their suggestion to modify our study’s design to reduce ceiling effects. Also, the commentators failed to take into account our data on reaction times, which help substantiate our conclusions regarding self-face and self-voice recognition. This rejoinder encourages readers to consider the relevance of the ecological validity of Hughes and Nicholson’s findings.
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  11.  21
    An Introduction to Modal Logic.G. E. Hughes - 1968 - London: Methuen.
  12.  67
    Education in an Age of Nihilism.Nigel Blake (ed.) - 2000 - Routledge/Falmer.
    This timely book addresses concerns about educational and moral standards in a world characterised by a growing nihilism.
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  13. Philosophy for the Rest of Cognitive Science.Nigel Stepp, Anthony Chemero & Michael T. Turvey - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (2):425-437.
    Cognitive science has always included multiple methodologies and theoretical commitments. The philosophy of cognitive science should embrace, or at least acknowledge, this diversity. Bechtel’s (2009a) proposed philosophy of cognitive science, however, applies only to representationalist and mechanist cognitive science, ignoring the substantial minority of dynamically oriented cognitive scientists. As an example of nonrepresentational, dynamical cognitive science, we describe strong anticipation as a model for circadian systems (Stepp & Turvey, 2009). We then propose a philosophy of science appropriate to nonrepresentational, dynamical (...)
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  14. Special Issue-Philosophy of the Teacher by Nigel Tubbs-Introduction.Nigel Tubbs - 2005 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 39 (2).
     
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  15. World Ethics: The New Agenda.Nigel Dower - 2007 - Edinburgh University Press.
     
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  16.  25
    Evidence and Bias.Nick Hughes - forthcoming - In Clayton Littlejohn & Maria Lasonen Aarnio (eds.), Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence.
    I argue that evidentialism should be rejected because it cannot be reconciled with empirical work on bias in cognitive and social psychology.
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  17. Kripke: Names, Necessity, and Identity.Christopher Hughes - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Saul Kripke, in a series of classic writings of the 1960s and 1970s, changed the face of metaphysics and philosophy of language. Christopher Hughes offers a careful exposition and critical analysis of Kripke's central ideas about names, necessity, and identity. He clears up some common misunderstandings of Kripke's views on rigid designation, causality and reference, and the necessary a posteriori and contingent a priori. Through his engagement with Kripke's ideas Hughes makes a significant contribution to ongoing debates on, (...)
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  18.  21
    Why Religion Deserves a Place in Secular Medicine.Nigel Biggar - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (3):229-233.
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  19. Aiming to Kill: The Ethics of Suicide and Euthanasia.Nigel Biggar, Arthur Dyck, Neil M. Gorsuch & John Keown - 2007 - Journal of Religious Ethics 35 (3):527-555.
    During the past four decades, the Netherlands played a leading role in the debate about euthanasia and assisted suicide. Despite the claim that other countries would soon follow the Dutch legalization of euthanasia, only Belgium and the American state of Oregon did. In many countries, intense discussions took place. This article discusses some major contributions to the discussion about euthanasia and assisted suicide as written by Nigel Biggar, Arthur J. Dyck, Neil M. Gorsuch, and John Keown. They share a (...)
     
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  20.  30
    Wittgenstein and the Idea of a Critical Social Theory: A Critique of Giddens, Habermas, and Bhaskar.Nigel Pleasants - 1999 - Routledge.
    This book uses the philosophy of Wittgenstein as a perspective from which to challenge the idea of a critical social theory, represented pre-eminently by Giddens, Habermas and Bhaskar.
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  21.  45
    The Structure of Moral Revolutions.Nigel Pleasants - 2018 - Social Theory and Practice 44 (4):567-592.
    In the recent and not-too-distant past many of our parents, grandparents and forbears believed that a person’s skin colour and physiognomy, gender, or sexuality licensed them being regarded and treated in ways that are now widely recognised as blatantly unjust, disrespectful, cruel and brutal. But the nineteenth, twentieth, and twenty-first centuries have hosted a series of radical changes in attitudes, beliefs, behaviour and institutionalised practices with regard to the fundamental moral equality of what were once seen as different “kinds of (...)
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  22. Are Theories of Imagery Theories of Imagination? An Active Perception Approach to Conscious Mental Content.Nigel J. T. Thomas - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (2):207-245.
  23.  67
    Computability, an Introduction to Recursive Function Theory.Nigel Cutland - 1980 - Cambridge University Press.
    What can computers do in principle? What are their inherent theoretical limitations? These are questions to which computer scientists must address themselves. The theoretical framework which enables such questions to be answered has been developed over the last fifty years from the idea of a computable function: intuitively a function whose values can be calculated in an effective or automatic way. This book is an introduction to computability theory (or recursion theory as it is traditionally known to mathematicians). Dr Cutland (...)
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  24. Pornography: Marxism, Feminism, and the Future of Sexuality.Paul M. Hughes - 1988 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 23 (2):106-107.
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  25.  10
    In Defence of War.Nigel Biggar - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Against the domination of moral deliberation by rights-talk In Defence of War asserts that belligerency can be morally justified, even while it is tragic and morally flawed. Recovering the early Christian tradition of just war thinking, Nigel Biggar argues in favour of aggressive war in punishment of grave injustice.
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  26.  62
    The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Education.Nigel Blake (ed.) - 2003 - Blackwell.
    "The Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Education" is state-of-the-art map to the field as well as a valuable reference book.
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  27. Aquinas on the Nature and Implications of Divine Simplicity.Christopher Hughes - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 10 (2):1-22.
    I discuss what Aquinas’ doctrine of divine simplicity is, and what he takes to be its implications. I also discuss the extent to which Aquinas succeeds in motivating and defending those implications.
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  28.  38
    A Companion to Modal Logic.G. E. Hughes - 1984 - Methuen.
    Normal propositional modal systems This first chapter has two main aims. One is to give a general account of the propositional modal systems that we shall ...
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  29. Wittgenstein, Ethics and Basic Moral Certainty.Nigel Pleasants - 2008 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 51 (3):241 – 267.
    Alice Crary claims that “the standard view of the bearing of Wittgenstein's philosophy on ethics” is dominated by “inviolability interpretations”, which often underlie conservative readings of Wittgenstein. Crary says that such interpretations are “especially marked in connection with On Certainty”, where Wittgenstein is represented as holding that “our linguistic practices are immune to rational criticism, or inviolable”. Crary's own conception of the bearing of Wittgenstein's philosophy on ethics, which I call the “intrinsically-ethical reading”, derives from the influential New Wittgenstein school (...)
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  30.  4
    In Defence of War.Nigel Biggar - 2015 - New Blackfriars 96 (1062):192-205.
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  31. Chinese Philosophy in Classical Times. Edited and Translated by E.R. Hughes.E. R. Hughes - 1966 - Dent.
     
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  32.  63
    What Can God Explain?: Gerard J. Hughes.Gerard J. Hughes - 2011 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 68:51-65.
    In this paper, I shall be arguing for what I hope is a modern version of a very traditional view, which is that God can explain two very basic phenomena: the first is the existence of the universe as we know it: the second is the particular way in which the universe is organised. I shall also, though briefly, try to counter the view that the totally unwelcome features of our universe make it impossible to reconcile the universe as it (...)
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  33. World Poverty.Nigel Dower - forthcoming - A Companion to Bioethics.
     
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  34.  14
    Relationships Between the Superior Colliculus and Hippocampus: Neural and Behavioral Considerations.Nigel Foreman & Robin Stevens - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):101-119.
    Theories of superior collicular and hippocampal function have remarkable similarities. Both structures have been repeatedly implicated in spatial and attentional behaviour and in inhibitory control of locomotion. Moreover, they share certain electrophysiological properties in their single unit responses and in the synchronous appearance and disappearance of slow wave activity. Both are phylogenetically old and the colliculus projects strongly to brainstem nuclei instrumental in the generation of theta rhythm in the hippocampal EECOn the other hand, close inspection of behavioural and electrophysiological (...)
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  35.  17
    The Consequences of Ignoring Measurement Invariance for Path Coefficients in Structural Equation Models.Nigel Guenole & Anna Brown - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    We report a Monte Carlo study examining the effects of two strategies for handling measurement non-invariance – modeling and ignoring non-invariant items – on structural regression coefficients between latent variables measured with item response theory models for categorical indicators. These strategies were examined across four levels and three types of non-invariance – non-invariant loadings, non-invariant thresholds, and combined non-invariance on loadings and thresholds – in simple, partial, mediated and moderated regression models where the non-invariant latent variable occupied predictor, mediator, and (...)
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  36. Imprisonment and the Right to Freedom of Movement.Robert C. Hughes - 2018 - In Chris W. Surprenant (ed.), Rethinking Punishment in the Era of Mass Incarceration. New York, USA: Routledge. pp. 89-104.
    Government’s use of imprisonment raises distinctive moral issues. Even if government has broad authority to make and to enforce law, government may not be entitled to use imprisonment as a punishment for all the criminal laws it is entitled to make. Indeed, there may be some serious crimes that it is wrong to punish with imprisonment, even if the conditions of imprisonment are humane and even if no adequate alternative punishments are available.
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  37.  6
    The Ancient Olympics.Nigel Spivey & University of Cambridge - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    The word 'athletics' is derived from the Greek verb 'to struggle for a prize'. After reading this book, no one will see the Olympics as a graceful display of Greek beauty again, but as war by other means. Nigel Spivey paints a portrait of the Greek Olympics as they really were - fierce contests between bitter rivals, in which victors won kudos and rewards, and losers faced scorn and even assault. Victory was almost worth dying for, and a number (...)
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  38. Pre-Reflective Ethical Know-How.Nigel DeSouza - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (2):279-294.
    In recent years there has been growing attention paid to a kind of human action or activity which does not issue from a process of reflection and deliberation and which is described as, e.g., ‘engaged coping’, ‘unreflective action’, and ‘flow’. Hubert Dreyfus, one of its key proponents, has developed a phenomenology of expertise which he has applied to ethics in order to account for ‘everyday ongoing ethical coping’ or ‘ethical expertise’. This article addresses the shortcomings of this approach by examining (...)
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  39.  87
    Law as a Moral Idea.Nigel Simmonds - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    This book argues that the institutions of law, and the structures of legal thought, are to be understood by reference to a moral ideal of freedom or independence from the power of others. The moral value and justificatory force of law are not contingent upon circumstance, but intrinsic to its character. Doctrinal legal arguments are shaped by rival conceptions of the conditions for realization of the idea of law. In making these claims, the author rejects the viewpoint of much contemporary (...)
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  40. Mental Imagery.Nigel J. T. Thomas - 2001 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Mental imagery (varieties of which are sometimes colloquially refered to as “visualizing,” “seeing in the mind's eye,” “hearing in the head,” “imagining the feel of,” etc.) is quasi-perceptual experience; it resembles perceptual experience, but occurs in the absence of the appropriate external stimuli. It is also generally understood to bear intentionality (i.e., mental images are always images of something or other), and thereby to function as a form of mental representation. Traditionally, visual mental imagery, the most discussed variety, was thought (...)
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  41.  45
    Ethics in Organizations: A Framework for Theory and Research. [REVIEW]Nigel Nicholson - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (8):581 - 596.
    In a climate of increasing interest and activity within the field of business ethics, as yet there exists no coherent conceptual framework for organizational theory and research. From a review of current thinking and previous writings a framework of concepts is suggested to help set an agenda for empirical research. The elements of this are, first, a taxonomy of ethical domains: the foci of organizations'' and their agents'' ethical concerns and conduct. Second, it is considered how ethical functioning might be (...)
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  42.  29
    Critical Theory and Critical Pedagogy.Nigel Blake & Jan Masschelein - 2003 - In The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Education. Blackwell. pp. 38--56.
  43.  23
    Global Ethics: Dimensions and Prospects.Nigel Dower - 2014 - Journal of Global Ethics 10 (1):8-15.
    Global ethics is an emerging discipline which has not yet reached maturity. The main tasks before it to gain maturity are: first, to achieve a greater integration of various domains of enquiry all of which are concerned with global normative issues. At a general level this includes integrating global ethics with cosmopolitanism, global justice and human right discourse. At the level of areas of concern, there needs to be greater integration of various areas such as development, trade, environment and climate (...)
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  44.  38
    The Theoretical Practices of Physics: Philosophical Essays.R. I. G. Hughes - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    R.I.G. Hughes presents a series of eight philosophical essays on the theoretical practices of physics. The first two essays examine these practices as they appear in physicists' treatises (e.g. Newton's Principia and Opticks ) and journal articles (by Einstein, Bohm and Pines, Aharonov and Bohm). By treating these publications as texts, Hughes casts the philosopher of science in the role of critic. This premise guides the following 6 essays which deal with various concerns of philosophy of physics such (...)
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  45.  40
    Adorno: A Critical Reader.Nigel C. Gibson & Andrew Rubin (eds.) - 2002 - Wiley-Blackwell.
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  46.  78
    The Nature and Scope of Development Ethics.Nigel Dower - 2008 - Journal of Global Ethics 4 (3):183 – 193.
    This article surveys the recently established field of enquiry called 'development ethics' - that is, ethical enquiry into the normative basis of socio-economic development. This covers two levels of enquiry. First, it involves enquiry into the nature of human well-being and the social norms within which the conditions of well-being should be promoted, and includes consideration of both the means and the ends of development. Second, it involves the ethical basis of the wider global framework within which the development of (...)
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  47.  12
    Education in Hegel.Nigel Tubbs - 2008 - Continuum.
    Introduction -- Self and other : life and death -- Education in Hegel in the history of philosophy -- Fossil fuel culture -- Education in Hegel in Derrida -- Education in Hegel in Levinas -- I philosophy.
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  48.  53
    Institutional Wrongdoing and Moral Perception.Nigel Pleasants - 2008 - Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (1):96–115.
  49. Aiming to Kill: The Ethics of Suicide and Euthanasia.Nigel Biggar - 2004 - Pilgrim Press.
    1. The traditional position and the pressures for change. The Western legal tradition -- The Christian ethical hinterland -- The exceptional value of human life -- The justification of taking human life -- Suicide -- Christian ethics, assisted suicide, and voluntary euthanasia -- The cultural pressures for change -- 2. The value of human life -- 3. The morality of acts of killing -- 4. Slippery slopes.
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  50.  36
    Nothing is Concealed: De-Centring Tacit Knowledge and Rules From Social Theory.Nigel Pleasants - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (3):233–255.
    The concept of “tacit knowledge” as the means by which individuals interpret the “rules” of social interaction occupies a central role in all the major contemporary theories of action and social structure. The major reference point for social theorists is Wittgenstein's celebrated discussion of rule-following in the Philosophical Investigations. Focusing on Giddens' incorporation of tacit knowledge and rules into his “theory of structuration”, I argue that Wittgenstein's later work is steadfastly set against the “latent cognitivism” inherent in the idea of (...)
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