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Nikola Biller-Andorno [92]Nikola Https://Orcidorg Biller-Andorno [9]
  1.  48
    The Effects of Closed-Loop Medical Devices on the Autonomy and Accountability of Persons and Systems.Philipp Kellmeyer, Thomas Cochrane, Oliver Müller, Christine Mitchell, Tonio Ball, Joseph J. Fins & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2016 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 25 (4):623-633.
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  2.  25
    Is Virtually Everything Possible? The Relevance of Ethics and Human Rights for Introducing Extended Reality in Forensic Psychiatry.Sjors Ligthart, Gerben Meynen, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Tijs Kooijmans & Philipp Kellmeyer - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 13 (3):144-157.
    Extended Reality (XR) systems, such as Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR), provide a digital simulation either of a complete environment, or of particular objects within the real world. Today, XR is used in a wide variety of settings, including gaming, design, engineering, and the military. In addition, XR has been introduced into psychology, cognitive sciences and biomedicine for both basic research as well as diagnosing or treating neurological and psychiatric disorders. In the context of XR, the simulated ‘reality’ (...)
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  3.  41
    Recommendations on COVID‐19 triage: international comparison and ethical analysis.Susanne Jöbges, Rasita Vinay, Valerie A. Luyckx & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (9):948-959.
    On March 11, 2020 the World Health Organization classified COVID‐19, caused by Sars‐CoV‐2, as a pandemic. Although not much was known about the new virus, the first outbreaks in China and Italy showed that potentially a large number of people worldwide could fall critically ill in a short period of time. A shortage of ventilators and intensive care resources was expected in many countries, leading to concerns about restrictions of medical care and preventable deaths. In order to be prepared for (...)
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  4.  55
    AI support for ethical decision-making around resuscitation: proceed with care.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Andrea Ferrario, Susanne Joebges, Tanja Krones, Federico Massini, Phyllis Barth, Georgios Arampatzis & Michael Krauthammer - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (3):175-183.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) systems are increasingly being used in healthcare, thanks to the high level of performance that these systems have proven to deliver. So far, clinical applications have focused on diagnosis and on prediction of outcomes. It is less clear in what way AI can or should support complex clinical decisions that crucially depend on patient preferences. In this paper, we focus on the ethical questions arising from the design, development and deployment of AI systems to support decision-making around (...)
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  5.  19
    The PHERCC Matrix. An Ethical Framework for Planning, Governing, and Evaluating Risk and Crisis Communication in the Context of Public Health Emergencies.Giovanni Spitale, Federico Germani & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (4):67-82.
    Risk and crisis communication (RCC) is a current ethical issue subject to controversy, mainly due to the tension between individual liberty (a core component of fairness) and effectiveness. In this paper we propose a consistent definition of the RCC process in public health emergencies (PHERCC), which comprises six key elements: evidence, initiator, channel, publics, message, and feedback. Based on these elements and on a detailed analysis of their role in PHERCC, we present an ethical framework to help design, govern and (...)
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  6.  18
    Ethics of the algorithmic prediction of goal of care preferences: from theory to practice.Andrea Ferrario, Sophie Gloeckler & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (3):165-174.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) systems are quickly gaining ground in healthcare and clinical decision-making. However, it is still unclear in what way AI can or should support decision-making that is based on incapacitated patients’ values and goals of care, which often requires input from clinicians and loved ones. Although the use of algorithms to predict patients’ most likely preferred treatment has been discussed in the medical ethics literature, no example has been realised in clinical practice. This is due, arguably, to the (...)
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  7.  20
    Charity or empowerment? The role of COVAX for low and middle‐income countries.Felicitas Holzer, Tania Manríquez Roa, Federico Germani, Nikola Biller-Andorno & Florencia Luna - 2022 - Developing World Bioethics 23 (1):59-66.
    What has the past reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic taught us? We have seen that many low and middle-income countries (LMICs) still lack access to vaccines, and it seems little progress has been made in the last few months and year. This article discusses whether the current strategies, most notably, vaccine donations by the international community and the COVID-19 global access facility COVAX, offer meaningful solutions to tackle the problem. At the centre of our analysis, we compare the concepts of (...)
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  8.  27
    Large language models in medical ethics: useful but not expert.Andrea Ferrario & Nikola Biller-Andorno - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Large language models (LLMs) have now entered the realm of medical ethics. In a recent study, Balaset alexamined the performance of GPT-4, a commercially available LLM, assessing its performance in generating responses to diverse medical ethics cases. Their findings reveal that GPT-4 demonstrates an ability to identify and articulate complex medical ethical issues, although its proficiency in encoding the depth of real-world ethical dilemmas remains an avenue for improvement. Investigating the integration of LLMs into medical ethics decision-making appears to be (...)
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  9.  37
    Physicians’ personal values in determining medical decision-making capacity: a survey study.Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (9):739-744.
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  10.  25
    Decision-making capacity: from testing to evaluation.Helena Hermann, Martin Feuz, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (2):253-259.
    Decision-making capacity is the gatekeeping element for a patient’s right to self-determination with regard to medical decisions. A DMC evaluation is not only conducted on descriptive grounds but is an inherently normative task including ethical reasoning. Therefore, it is dependent to a considerable extent on the values held by the clinicians involved in the DMC evaluation. Dealing with the question of how to reasonably support clinicians in arriving at a DMC judgment, a new tool is presented that fundamentally differs from (...)
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  11.  12
    Charity or empowerment? The role of COVAX for low and middle‐income countries.Felicitas Holzer, Tania Manríquez Roa, Federico Germani, Nikola Biller-Andorno & Florencia Luna - 2022 - Developing World Bioethics 23 (1):59-66.
    What has the past reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic taught us? We have seen that many low and middle-income countries (LMICs) still lack access to vaccines, and it seems little progress has been made in the last few months and year. This article discusses whether the current strategies, most notably, vaccine donations by the international community and the COVID-19 global access facility COVAX, offer meaningful solutions to tackle the problem. At the centre of our analysis, we compare the concepts of (...)
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  12.  15
    Revisiting respect for persons: conceptual analysis and implications for clinical practice.Supriya Subramani & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 25 (3):351-360.
    In everyday conversations, professional codes, policy debates, and academic literature, the concept of respect is referred to frequently. Bioethical arguments in recent decades equate the idea of respect for persons with individuals who are capable of autonomous decision-making, with the focus being explicitly on ‘autonomy,’ ‘capacity,’ or ‘capability.’ In much of bioethics literature, respect for persons is replaced by respect for autonomy. Though the unconditional respect for persons and their autonomy (irrespective of actual decision-making capacity) is established in Kantian bioethics, (...)
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  13.  22
    The Use and Ethics of Digital Twins in Medicine.Jeffrey David Iqbal, Michael Krauthammer & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (3):583-596.
    Digital Health Technologies (DHTs) are currently the subject of much debate both in terms of their technological frontiers as well as their ethical, legal and societal implications (ELSI). Regulation of such technologies as medical devices currently lacks behind their level of adoption. Digital Twins are the next evolution step of such DHTs and provide an opportunity to anticipate and act on ELSI before adoption again leaps before the necessary review. This paper introduces the concept and use cases of digital twins (...)
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  14.  26
    In Search of a Mission: Artificial Intelligence in Clinical Ethics.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Andrea Ferrario & Sophie Gloeckler - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (7):23-25.
    Artificial intelligence has found its way into many areas of human life, serving a range of purposes. Sometimes AI tools are designed to help humans eliminate high-volume, tedious, routine tas...
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  15.  97
    Lehrziele "Medizinethik im Medizinstudium".Claudia Wiesemann, Andreas Frewer, Gerald Neitzke & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2003 - Ethik in der Medizin 15 (2):117-121.
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  16.  24
    AI knows best? Avoiding the traps of paternalism and other pitfalls of AI-based patient preference prediction.Andrea Ferrario, Sophie Gloeckler & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (3):185-186.
    In our recent article ‘The Ethics of the Algorithmic Prediction of Goal of Care Preferences: From Theory to Practice’1, we aimed to ignite a critical discussion on why and how to design artificial intelligence (AI) systems assisting clinicians and next-of-kin by predicting goal of care preferences for incapacitated patients. Here, we would like to thank the commentators for their valuable responses to our work. We identified three core themes in their commentaries: (1) the risks of AI paternalism, (2) worries about (...)
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  17.  64
    Emotion and Value in the Evaluation of Medical Decision-Making Capacity: A Narrative Review of Arguments.Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel, Bernice S. Elger & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7:197511.
    ver since the traditional criteria for medical decision-making capacity (understanding, appreciation, reasoning, evidencing a choice) were formulated, they have been criticized for not taking sufficient account of emotions or values that seem, according to the critics and in line with clinical experiences, essential to decision-making capacity. The aim of this paper is to provide a nuanced and structured overview of the arguments provided in the literature emphasizing the importance of these factors and arguing for their inclusion in competence evaluations. Moreover, (...)
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  18.  67
    Ethical Challenges of Simulation-Driven Big Neuroscience.Markus Christen, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Berit Bringedal, Kevin Grimes, Julian Savulescu & Henrik Walter - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1):5-17.
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  19.  23
    ‘VaxTax’: a follow-up proposal for a global vaccine pandemic response fund.Federico Germani, Felicitas Holzer, Ivette Ortiz, Nikola Biller-Andorno & Julian W. März - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (3):160-164.
    Equal access to vaccines has been one of the key ethical challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. Most scholars consider the massive purchase and hoarding of vaccines by high-income countries, especially at the beginning of the pandemic, to be unjust towards the vulnerable living in low-income countries. A recent proposal by Andreas Albertsen of a vaccine tax has been put forward to remedy this problem. Under such a scheme, high-income countries would pay a contribution, conceptualised as a vaccine tax, dedicated to (...)
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  20.  43
    Does organ selling violate human dignity?Zümrüt Https://Orcidorg Alpinar-Şencan, Holger Baumann & Nikola Https://Orcidorg Biller-Andorno - 2017 - Monash Bioethics Review 34 (3-4):189-205.
    Shortages in the number of donated organs after death and the growing number of end-stage organ failure patients on waiting lists call for looking at alternatives to increase the number of organs that could be used for transplantation purposes. One option that has led to a legal and ethical debate is to have regulated markets in human organs. Opponents of a market in human organs offer different arguments that are mostly founded on contingent factors that can be adjusted. However, some (...)
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  21.  18
    Nanomedicine–emerging or re-emerging ethical issues? A discussion of four ethical themes.Christian Lenk & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (2):173-184.
    Nanomedicine plays a prominent role among emerging technologies. The spectrum of potential applications is as broad as it is promising. It includes the use of nanoparticles and nanodevices for diagnostics, targeted drug delivery in the human body, the production of new therapeutic materials as well as nanorobots or nanoprotheses. Funding agencies are investing large sums in the development of this area, among them the European Commission, which has launched a large network for life-sciences related nanotechnology. At the same time government (...)
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  22.  47
    The contribution of Kantian moral theory to contemporary medical ethics: A critical analysis.Friedrich Heubel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (1):5-18.
    Kantian deontology is one of three classic moral theories, among virtue ethics and consequentialism. Issues in medical ethics are frequently addressed within a Kantian paradigm, at least – although not exclusively – in European medical ethics. At the same time, critical voices have pointed to deficits of Kantian moral philosophy which must be examined and discussed. It is argued that taking concrete situations and complex relationships into account is of paramount importance in medical ethics. Encounters between medical or nursing staff (...)
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  23.  75
    Gender imbalance in living organ donation.Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2002 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 5 (2):199-203.
    Living organ donation has developed into an important therapeutic option in transplantation medicine. However, there are some medico-ethical problems that come along with the increasing reliance on this organ source. One of these concerns is based on the observation that many more women than men function as living organ donors. Whereas discrimination and differential access have been extensively discussed in the context of cadaveric transplantation and other areas of health care, the issue of gender imbalance in living organ donation has (...)
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  24.  40
    Ethics: Would you sell a kidney in a regulated kidney market? Results of an exploratory study.Annette Rid, Lucas Bachmann, Vincent Wettstein & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (9):558-564.
    Background: It is often claimed that a regulated kidney market would significantly reduce the kidney shortage, thus saving or improving many lives. Data are lacking, however, on how many people would consider selling a kidney in such a market. Methods: A survey instrument, developed to assess behavioural dispositions to and attitudes about a hypothetical regulated kidney market, was given to Swiss third-year medical students. Results: Respondents’ median age was 23 years. Their socioeconomic status was high or middle. 48 considered selling (...)
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  25.  61
    Evidence-Based Medicine as an Instrument for Rational Health Policy.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Reidar K. Lie & Ruud Ter Meulen - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (3):261-275.
    This article tries to present a broad view on the values and ethicalissues that are at stake in efforts to rationalize health policy on thebasis of economic evaluations (like cost-effectiveness analysis) andrandomly controlled clinical trials. Though such a rationalization isgenerally seen as an objective and `value free' process, moral valuesoften play a hidden role, not only in the production of `evidence', butalso in the way this evidence is used in policy making. For example, thedefinition of effectiveness of medical treatment or (...)
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  26. Who shall be allowed to give? Living organ donors and the concept of autonomy.Nikola Biller-Andorno, George J. Agich, Karen Doepkens & Henning Schauenburg - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (4):351-368.
    Free and informed consent is generally acknowledged as the legal andethical basis for living organ donation, but assessments of livingdonors are not always an easy matter. Sometimes it is necessary toinvolve psychosomatics or ethics consultation to evaluate a prospectivedonor to make certain that the requirements for a voluntary andautonomous decision are met. The paper focuses on the conceptualquestions underlying this evaluation process. In order to illustrate howdifferent views of autonomy influence the decision if a donor's offer isethically acceptable, three cases (...)
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  27.  22
    Einwilligungsfähigkeit: inhärente Fähigkeit oder ethisches Urteil?Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2016 - Ethik in der Medizin 28 (2):107-120.
    ZusammenfassungDie Bestimmung der Einwilligungsfähigkeit von Patienten beinhaltet weitreichende ethische und rechtliche Implikationen. Ausreichende Klärung des Begriffs ist daher unerlässlich. Solche Bemühungen gelten vorwiegend der Definition von Kriterien hinsichtlich relevanter mentaler Fähigkeiten. Grundlegendere Aspekte werden kaum explizit besprochen, so die Frage, ob Einwilligungsfähigkeit eher eine inhärente Fähigkeit oder ein ethisches Urteil bezeichnet. Zentral bei dieser Unterscheidung ist der Stellenwert ethischer Überlegungen die Zulässigkeit fürsorglicher Bevormundung betreffend. Geht man von einer inhärenten Fähigkeit aus, schließen solche Überlegungen an die Beurteilung von Einwilligungsfähigkeit an. (...)
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  28.  17
    Towards a broader understanding of agency in biomedical ethics.Rodrigo López Barreda, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2016 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 19 (3):475-483.
    With advances in medical science, the concept of agency has received increasing attention in biomedical ethics. However, most of the ethical discussion around definitions of agency has focused either on patients suffering from mental disorders or on patients receiving cutting-edge medical treatments in developed countries. Very little of the discussion around concepts of agency has focused on the situation of patients suffering from common diseases that affect populations worldwide. Therefore, the most widely-used definitions of agency may be not appropriate to (...)
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  29.  68
    Different Understandings of Life as an Opportunity to Enrich the Debate About Synthetic Biology.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Daniel Gregorowius & Anna Deplazes-Zemp - 2015 - NanoEthics 9 (2):179-188.
    Comments and reports on synthetic biology often focus on the idea that this field may lead to synthetic life or life forms. Such claims attract general attention because “life” is a basic concept that is understood, interpreted and explained in multiple ways. While these different understandings of life may influence the ethical assessment of synthetic biology by experts and the public, this field might, in turn, influence how academics or the public view life. We suggest in this paper that synthetic (...)
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  30.  46
    Compulsory Treatment in Chronic Anorexia Nervosa by All Means? Searching for a Middle Ground Between a Curative and a Palliative Approach.Manuel Trachsel, Verina Wild, Nikola Biller-Andorno & Tanja Krones - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):55-56.
  31.  11
    Doing Justice to Patients with Dementia in ICU Triage.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Holger Baumann & Rasita Vinay - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (11):71-74.
    In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, countries around the world developed ICU triaging guidelines. One important point of convergence was an explicit commitment to...
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  32.  41
    Iab presidential address: Bioethics in a globalized world – creating space for flourishing human relationships.Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (8):430-436.
    Bioethics in a globalized world is meeting a number of challenges – fundamentalism in its different forms, and a focus on economic growth neglecting issues such as equity and sustainability, being prominent among them. How well are we as bioethicists equipped to make meaningful contributions in these times? The paper identifies a number of restraints and proceeds to probe potential resources such as the capability approach, care ethics, cosmopolitanism, and pragmatism. These elements serve to outline a perspective that focuses on (...)
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  33.  16
    Oxford Handbook of Psychotherapy Ethics.Manuel Trachsel, Jens Gaab, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Şerife Tekin & John Z. Sadler (eds.) - 2019 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Psychotherapy is a well-established, efficacious, and fully accepted treatment for mental disorders and psychological problems. Psychotherapy is an interpersonal practice engaging patient values, interests, and personal meanings at every step. Thereby, psychotherapy abounds with moral issues. In psychotherapy ethics, numerous moral issues converge, including self-determination or autonomy, decision-making capacity and freedom of choice, coercion and constraint, medical paternalism, boundaries between health and illness, insight into illness and the need for therapy, dignity, under- and overtreatment, and much more. The Oxford Handbook (...)
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  34.  36
    Accounting for Intuition in Decision-Making Capacity: Rethinking the Reasoning Standard?Helena Hermann, Manuel Trachsel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (4):313-324.
    A patient’s decision-making capacity or competence is among the prerequisites for valid consent to medical treatment, and is regarded as the gatekeeping element in ensuring respect for patients’ self-determination. The issue is especially relevant in the case of vulnerable persons, such as patients who are cognitively or mentally impaired, and where medical decisions carry far-reaching consequences. As a grounding principle, DMC is a priori assumed, and challenged only when substantial doubts arise owing to observed or assumed deficiencies of the capacities (...)
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  35.  40
    Vulnerability and exploitation in a globalized world.Agomoni Ganguli Mitra & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2013 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 6 (1):91-102.
    Bioethics has changed considerably over the last few years. Increased global interaction, through the off-shoring of clinical trials, cross-border surrogacy, organ trafficking, and medical tourism, among others practices, has brought additional considerations to a discipline that has been, until recently, relatively contained within national borders. We aim to contribute to the discourse on exploitation and vulnerability in a way that reflects such global changes. We will explore the link between vulnerability and exploitation, and argue that exploitation can be understood as (...)
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  36.  42
    “I Don’t Want to Do Anything Bad.” Perspectives on Scientific Responsibility: Results from a Qualitative Interview Study with Senior Scientists.Sebastian Wäscher, Nikola Biller-Andorno & Anna Deplazes-Zemp - 2020 - NanoEthics 14 (2):135-153.
    This paper presents scientists’ understanding of their roles in society and corresponding responsibilities. It discusses the researchers’ perspective against the background of the contemporary literature on scientific responsibility in the social sciences and philosophy and proposes a heuristic that improves the understanding of the complexity of scientific responsibility. The study is based on qualitative interviews with senior scientists. The presented results show what researchers themselves see as their responsibilities, how they assume them, and what challenges they perceive with respect to (...)
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  37. Ethical Norms and the International Governance of Genetic Databases and Biobanks: Findings from an International Study.Alexander Morgan Capron, Alexandre Mauron, Bernice Simone Elger, Andrea Boggio, Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (2):101-124.
    This article highlights major results of a study into the ethical norms and rules governing biobanks. After describing the methodology, the findings regarding four topics are presented: (1) the ownership of human biological samples held in biobanks; (2) the regulation of researchers’ use of samples obtained from biobanks; (3) what constitutes “collective consent” to genetic research, and when it is needed; and (4) benefit sharing and remuneration of research participants. The paper then summarizes key lessons to be drawn from the (...)
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  38.  9
    Beyond Trade-Offs: Autonomy, Effectiveness, Fairness, and Normativity in Risk and Crisis Communication.Federico Germani, Giovanni Spitale & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (6):1-4.
    This paper addresses the critiques based on trade-offs and normativity presented in response to our target article proposing the Public Health Emergency Risk and Crisis Communication (PHERCC) framework. These critiques highlight the ethical dilemmas in crisis communication, particularly the balance between promoting public autonomy through transparent information and the potential stigmatization of specific population groups, as illustrated by the discussion of the mpox outbreak among men who have sex with men. This critique underscores the inherent tension between communication effectiveness and (...)
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  39.  68
    Gender in medical ethics: Re-examining the conceptual basis of empirical research.Elisabeth Conradi, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Margarete Boos, Christina Sommer & Claudia Wiesemann - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (1):51-58.
    Conducting empirical research on gender in medical ethics is a challenge from a theoretical as well as a practical point of view. It still has to be clarified how gender aspects can be integrated without sustaining gender stereotypes. The developmental psychologist Carol Gilligan was among the first to question ethics from a gendered point of view. The notion of care introduced by her challenged conventional developmental psychology as well as moral philosophy. Gilligan was criticised, however, because her concept of ‘two (...)
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  40.  42
    Is selecting better than modifying? An investigation of arguments against germline gene editing as compared to preimplantation genetic diagnosis.Alix Lenia V. Hammerstein, Matthias Eggel & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-13.
    Recent scientific advances in the field of gene editing have led to a renewed discussion on the moral acceptability of human germline modifications. Gene editing methods can be used on human embryos and gametes in order to change DNA sequences that are associated with diseases. Modifying the human germline, however, is currently illegal in many countries but has been suggested as a ‘last resort’ option in some reports. In contrast, preimplantation genetic diagnosis is now a well-established practice within reproductive medicine. (...)
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  41.  73
    Between solidarity and self-interest: How fair is the "club model" for organ donation?Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (4):19 – 20.
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  42.  69
    Vulnerability and Exploitation in a Globalized World.Agomoni Ganguli Mitra & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2013 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 6 (1):91-102.
    Concerns arising from global sociopolitical differences, and increasing economic and health disparities, have brought new considerations to the field of bioethics, both in terms of applications and to foundational concepts such as exploitation and vulnerability.In this paper, we aim to contribute to the discourse on exploitation and vulnerability in a way that reflects such global changes. We will explore the link between vulnerability and exploitation, and argue that exploitation can be understood as taking advantage of vulnerabilities, provided we recognize that (...)
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  43.  24
    Women’s experiences with non-invasive prenatal testing in Switzerland: a qualitative analysis.Mirriam Tyebally Fang, Federico Germani, Giovanni Spitale, Sebastian Wäscher, Ladina Kunz & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2023 - BMC Medical Ethics 24 (1):1-12.
    Background Prenatal genetic testing, in particular non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), as well as screening for risks associated with pregnancy, and counseling, play pivotal roles in reproductive healthcare, offering valuable information about the health of the fetus to expectant parents. This study aims to delve into the perspectives and experiences of women considering genetic testing and screening during pregnancy, focusing on their decision-making processes and the implications for informed consent. Methods A nationwide qualitative study was conducted in Switzerland, involving in-depth interviews (...)
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  44.  31
    Interprofessionelle Kommunikationsprozesse – schwierige Gesprächssituationen mit Patientinnen und Patienten.Sohaila Bastami, Tanja Krones, Gabriele Schroeder, Christian Schirlo, Monika Schäfer, Ruth Aeberhard & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2012 - Ethik in der Medizin 24 (3):241-244.
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  45. Supporting value sensitivity in the humanitarian use of drones through an ethics assessment framework.Ning Wang, Markus Christen, Matthew Hunt & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2022 - International Review of the Red Cross 104 (919):1397 - 1428.
    The current humanitarian use of drones is focused on two applications: disaster mapping and medical supply delivery. In response to the growing interest in drone deployment in the aid sector, we sought to develop a resource to support value sensitivity in humanitarian drone activities. Following a bottom-up approach encompassing a comprehensive literature review, two empirical studies, a review of guidance documents, and consultations with experts, this work illuminates the nature and scope of ethical challenges encountered by humanitarian organizations embarking upon (...)
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  46.  6
    The Patient Preference Predictor: A Timely Boost for Personalized Medicine.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Andrea Ferrario & Armin Biller - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (7):35-38.
    The future of medicine will be predictive, preventive, personalized, and participatory. Recent technological advancements bolster the realization of this vision, particularly through innovations in...
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  47. Zwischen Protektion und Protektionismus–medizinethische Überlegungen zur Teilnahme schwangerer Frauen an klinischen Studien.Nikola Biller-Andorno & Verina Wild - 2003 - In C. Wiesemann, A. Dörries, G. Wolfslast & A. Simon (eds.), Das Kind als Patient. Campus. pp. 302--320.
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  48. Supporting Value Sensitivity in the Humanitarian Use of Drones through An Ethics Assessment Framework.Markus Christen, Matthew Hunt & Nikola Biller-Andorno - 2022 - International Review of the Red Cross 104 (919):1397-1428.
    The current humanitarian use of drones is focused on two applications: disaster mapping and medical supply delivery. In response to the growing interest in drone deployment in the aid sector, we sought to develop a resource to support value sensitivity in humanitarian drone activities. Following a bottom-up approach encompassing a comprehensive literature review, two empirical studies, a review of guidance documents, and consultations with experts, this work illuminates the nature and scope of ethical challenges encountered by humanitarian organizations embarking upon (...)
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  49. Applying evidence to support ethical decisions: Is the placebo really powerless?Prof Dr Franz Porzsolt, Nicole Scholtz-Gorton, Nikola Biller-Andorno, Anke Thim, Karin Meissner, Irmgard Roeckl-Wiedmann, Barbara Herzberger, Renatus Ziegler, Wilhelm Gaus & Ernst Pöppel - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1):119-132.
    Using placebos in day-to-day practice is an ethical problem. This paper summarises the available epidemiological evidence to support this difficult decision. Based on these data we propose to differentiate between placebo and “knowledge framing”. While the use of placebo should be confined to experimental settings in clinical trials, knowledge framing — which is only conceptually different from placebo — is a desired, expected and necessary component of any doctor-patient encounter. Examples from daily practice demonstrate both, the need to investigate the (...)
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  50. By Author.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Alexander Morgan, Andrea Boggio, Alex See Capron & Mark T. Brown - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (4):415-418.
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