15 found
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  1. Big Revolution, Little Revolution: Science and Politics in Bolshevik Russia.Nikolai Krementsov - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (4):1173-1204.
     
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  2.  71
    A "Second Front" in Soviet Genetics: The International Dimension of the Lysenko Controversy, 1944-1947. [REVIEW]Nikolai Krementsov - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (2):229 - 250.
    While the simple historical view has pictured the Lysenko controversy as an uninterrupted series of Lysenko's victories-beginning with the 1936 discussion, and culminating in the infamous August 1948 meeting of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural Sciences, when genetics was officially abolished in the Soviet Union-it was certainly more complex, as recognized by such serious historians as David Joravsky and Mark Adams. As we have seen, the roles the competitors assumed in 1945–47 were the reverse of those they assumed in (...)
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  3.  35
    On Labels and Issues: The Lysenko Controversy and the Cold War.William deJong-Lambert & Nikolai Krementsov - 2012 - Journal of the History of Biology 45 (3):373-388.
  4. Darwinism, Marxism, and Genetics in the Soviet Union: The Dialectics of Co-Evolution.Nikolai Krementsov - 2010 - In Denis Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.), Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. University of Chicago Press.
  5.  7
    A?Second Front? In Soviet Genetics: The International Dimension of the Lysenko Controversy, 1944?1947.Nikolai Krementsov - 1996 - Journal of the History of Biology 29 (2):229-250.
  6.  42
    Off with Your Heads: Isolated Organs in Early Soviet Science and Fiction.Nikolai Krementsov - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (2):87-100.
    In the summer of 1925, a debutant writer, Aleksandr Beliaev, published a ‘scientific-fantastic story’, which depicted the travails of a severed human head living in a laboratory, supported by special machinery. Just a few months later, a young medical researcher, Sergei Briukhonenko, succeeded in reviving the severed head of a dog, using a special apparatus he had devised to keep the head alive. This paper examines the relationship between the literary and the scientific experiments with severed heads in post-revolutionary Russia, (...)
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  7.  13
    Off with Your Heads: Isolated Organs in Early Soviet Science and Fiction.Nikolai Krementsov - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (2):87-100.
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  8.  13
    A Particular Synthesis: Aleksandr Promptov and Speciation in Birds. [REVIEW]Nikolai Krementsov - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (4):637 - 682.
    During the 1930s, Aleksandr Promptov—a student of the founder of Russian population genetics Sergei Chetverikov—developed an elaborate concept of speciation in birds. He conducted field investigations aimed at giving a naturalistic content to the theoretical formulations and laboratory models of evolutionary processes advanced within the framework of population genetics, placing particular emphasis on the evolutionary role of bird behavior. Yet, although highly synthetic in combining biogeographical, taxonomic, genetic, ecological, and behavioral studies, Promptov's speciation concept was ignored by the architects of (...)
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  9.  10
    E. I. Kolchinskii;, K. V. Manoilenko;, M. B. Konashev . U Istokov Akademicheskoi Genetiki V Sankt‐Peterburge. [At the Roots of Academic Genetics in St. Petersburg]. St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2002. [REVIEW]Nikolai Krementsov - 2004 - Isis 95 (4):726-728.
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    Nils Roll‐Hansen. The Lysenko Effect: The Politics of Science. 355 Pp., Bibl., Index. Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books, 2005. $25. [REVIEW]Nikolai Krementsov - 2006 - Isis 97 (2):386-387.
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  11.  13
    From ‘Beastly Philosophy’ to Medical Genetics: Eugenics in Russia and the Soviet Union.Nikolai Krementsov - 2011 - Annals of Science 68 (1):61-92.
    Summary This essay offers an overview of the three distinct periods in the development of Russian eugenics: Imperial (1900?1917), Bolshevik (1917?1929), and Stalinist (1930?1939). Began during the Imperial era as a particular discourse on the issues of human heredity, diversity, and evolution, in the early years of the Bolshevik rule eugenics was quickly institutionalized as a scientific discipline?complete with societies, research establishments, and periodicals?that aspired an extensive grassroots following, generated lively public debates, and exerted considerable influence on a range of (...)
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    Hormones and the Bolsheviks: From Organotherapy to Experimental Endocrinology, 1918–1929.Nikolai Krementsov - 2008 - Isis 99 (3):486-518.
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    Giving and Taking Across Borders: The Rockefeller Foundation and Russia, 1919–1928. [REVIEW]Nikolai Krementsov & Susan Gross Solomon - 2001 - Minerva 39 (3):265-298.
    Until recently, the links between Rockefeller philanthropies and Russianscience and medicine during the 1920s have been virtually ignored, both inofficial Foundation histories and in Soviet accounts of foreign scientificrelations. Materials from the newly-opened Russian archives and the Rockefeller Archive Center reveal dense and tangled connections between multiple Rockefeller givers and multiple Russian takers. Examining the `Russian matter' from the perspective of both `givers' and `takers', this article highlights the impact of domestic and international politics on giving and taking across borders, (...)
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    Lysenko and the Tragedy of Soviet ScienceValery N. Soyfer Leo Gruliow Rebecca Gruliow.Nikolai Krementsov - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):683-685.
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    The 'KR Affair': Soviet Science on the Threshold of the Cold War.Nikolai Krementsov - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (3):419 - 446.
    The 'Kliueva-Roskin affair' of 1946-1947 is virtually unknown to Soviet and Western historians of science alike, but newly discovered archives show that it constituted a critical turning point in post-war Soviet science. In early 1946 Moscow clinician Nina Kliueva, together with her husband Georgii Roskin (a Moscow University professor), published experimental results suggesting that malignant tumor growth could be inhibited by a preparation ('KR') made from the protozoan, Trypanosoma cruzi. This putative cancer cure attracted considerable attention from the American medical (...)
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