Results for 'Nina E. Cohen'

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  1.  11
    Social-ethical issues concerning the control strategy of animal diseases in the European Union: A survey.Nina E. Cohen, Marcel A. Asseldonk & Elsbeth N. Stassen - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (4):499-510.
    In 2004 a survey was conducted in the member states of the European Union designed to gain greater insight into the views on control strategies for foot and mouth disease, classical swine fever, and avian influenza with respect to the epidemiological, economic and social-ethical consequences of each of these animal diseases. This article presents the results of the social-ethical survey. A selection of stakeholders from each member state was asked to prioritize issues for the prevention and control of these diseases. (...)
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  2. Fundamental Moral Attitudes to Animals and Their Role in Judgment: An Empirical Model to Describe Fundamental Moral Attitudes to Animals and Their Role in Judgment on the Culling of Healthy Animals During an Animal Disease Epidemic.Nina E. Cohen, Frans W. A. Brom & Elsbeth N. Stassen - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):341-359.
    In this paper, we present and defend the theoretical framework of an empirical model to describe people’s fundamental moral attitudes (FMAs) to animals, the stratification of FMAs in society and the role of FMAs in judgment on the culling of healthy animals in an animal disease epidemic. We used philosophical animal ethics theories to understand the moral basis of FMA convictions. Moreover, these theories provide us with a moral language for communication between animal ethics, FMAs, and public debates. We defend (...)
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  3.  85
    Social-ethical issues concerning the control strategy of animal diseases in the European Union: A survey. [REVIEW]Nina E. Cohen, Marcel A. P. M. Van Asseldonk & Elsbeth N. Stassen - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (4):499-510.
    In 2004 a survey was conducted in the member states of the European Union designed to gain greater insight into the views on control strategies for foot and mouth disease, classical swine fever, and avian influenza with respect to the epidemiological, economic and social-ethical consequences of each of these animal diseases. This article presents the results of the social-ethical survey. A selection of stakeholders from each member state was asked to prioritize issues for the prevention and control of these diseases. (...)
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  4.  24
    The Role of Civil Commitment in the Opioid Crisis.Ish P. Bhalla, Nina Cohen, Claudia E. Haupt, Kate Stith & Rocksheng Zhong - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (2):343-350.
    This article seeks to shed light on civil commitment in the context of the opioid crisis, to sketch the existing legal landscape surrounding civil commitment, and to illustrate the relevant medical, ethical, and legal concerns that policymakers must take into account as they struggle to find appropriate responses to the crisis.
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  5. Beyond the Prevention of Harm: Animal Disease Policy as a Moral Question.Franck L. B. Meijboom, Nina Cohen, Elsbeth N. Stassen & Frans W. A. Brom - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):559-571.
    European animal disease policy seems to find its justification in a “harm to other” principle. Limiting the freedom of animal keepers—e.g., by culling their animals—is justified by the aim to prevent harm, i.e., the spreading of the disease. The picture, however, is more complicated. Both during the control of outbreaks and in the prevention of notifiable, animal diseases the government is confronted with conflicting claims of stakeholders who anticipate running a risk to be harmed by each other, and who ask (...)
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  6.  51
    The Biopolitical Public Domain: the Legal Construction of the Surveillance Economy.Julie E. Cohen - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (2):213-233.
    Within the political economy of informational capitalism, commercial surveillance practices are tools for resource extraction. That process requires an enabling legal construct, which this essay identifies and explores. Contemporary practices of personal information processing constitute a new type of public domain—a repository of raw materials that are there for the taking and that are framed as inputs to particular types of productive activity. As a legal construct, the biopolitical public domain shapes practices of appropriation and use of personal information in (...)
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  7.  21
    The Potential Role of Nudging in Expanded Noninvasive Prenatal Testing.Kelsey Mumford, Nina Roesner & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (3):61-63.
    The authors of the target article discuss the expansion of the scope of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) that is likely to occur in the near future, including its possible extension to “non-medi...
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  8.  27
    A Source Book in Greek Science. [REVIEW]E. N., Morris R. Cohen & I. E. Drabkin - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):715.
  9.  47
    Deep brain stimulation to reward circuitry alleviates anhedonia in refractory major depression.Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Michael X. Cohen, Caroline Frick, Markus Mathaus Kosel, Daniela Brodesser, Nikolai Axmacher, Alexius Young Joe, Martina Kreft, Doris Lenartz & Volker Sturm - unknown
    Deep brain stimulation (DBS) to different sites allows interfering with dysfunctional network function implicated in major depression. Because a prominent clinical feature of depression is anhedonia--the inability to experience pleasure from previously pleasurable activities--and because there is clear evidence of dysfunctions of the reward system in depression, DBS to the nucleus accumbens might offer a new possibility to target depressive symptomatology in otherwise treatment-resistant depression. Three patients suffering from extremely resistant forms of depression, who did not respond to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, (...)
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  10.  21
    Reporting ethical practices in journal articles.Sandra T. Sigmon, Nina E. Boulard & Stacy Whitcomb-Smith - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (3):261 – 275.
    Little attention has focused on the reporting of ethical research practices in journal articles. In Study 1, published articles in 2 psychopathology journals were reviewed to ascertain the types of ethical research information that were reported. In Study 2, a survey was sent to authors in Study 1 to determine which ethical practices they engaged in, if they reported this information, and reasons for not including this information in their article. In general, there is a great variability regarding the types (...)
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  11.  40
    The Multicultural Quality of Life Index: presentation and validation.Juan E. Mezzich, Neal L. Cohen, Maria A. Ruiperez, Claudio E. M. Banzato & Maria I. Zapata-Vega - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):357-364.
  12. Multimodal spatial representations in the primate parietal lobe.Yale E. Cohen & Andersen & A. Richard - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press.
     
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  13.  98
    Beyond Consent: Building Trusting Relationships With Diverse Populations in Precision Medicine Research.Stephanie A. Kraft, Mildred K. Cho, Katherine Gillespie, Meghan Halley, Nina Varsava, Kelly E. Ormond, Harold S. Luft, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Sandra Soo-Jin Lee - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):3-20.
    With the growth of precision medicine research on health data and biospecimens, research institutions will need to build and maintain long-term, trusting relationships with patient-participants. While trust is important for all research relationships, the longitudinal nature of precision medicine research raises particular challenges for facilitating trust when the specifics of future studies are unknown. Based on focus groups with racially and ethnically diverse patients, we describe several factors that influence patient trust and potential institutional approaches to building trustworthiness. Drawing on (...)
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  14.  32
    Being Clean and Acting Dirty: The Paradoxical Effect of Self-Cleansing.Thalma E. Lobel, Allon Cohen, Lior Kalay Shahin, Shimon Malov, Yaniv Golan & Shani Busnach - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (4):307-313.
    In two studies we investigated the association between physical cleansing and moral and immoral behavior in real-life situations. In Study 1, after a workout at the gym, participants cheated more after taking a shower than before taking one. In the second study, participants donated more money to charity before rather than after they bathed for religious purification. The results extend previous findings about moral cleansing and moral licensing and are discussed within the framework of conceptual metaphor theory.
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  15. Nietzsche and the Sciences.Babette E. Babich & R. S. Cohen - 1999
     
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  16. Cognitive load selectively interferes with utilitarian moral judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Sylvia A. Morelli, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1144-1154.
    Traditional theories of moral development emphasize the role of controlled cognition in mature moral judgment, while a more recent trend emphasizes intuitive and emotional processes. Here we test a dual-process theory synthesizing these perspectives. More specifically, our theory associates utilitarian moral judgment (approving of harmful actions that maximize good consequences) with controlled cognitive processes and associates non-utilitarian moral judgment with automatic emotional responses. Consistent with this theory, we find that a cognitive load manipulation selectively interferes with utilitarian judgment. This interference (...)
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  17.  31
    Selected Works of Peter A. Boodberg.Albert E. Dien, Alvin P. Cohen & Peter A. Boodberg - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (2):422.
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  18.  12
    The effect of prior training on the contrafreeloading phenomenon.B. E. Lentz & Steven L. Cohen - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (1):48-50.
  19.  15
    Understanding planner behavior.Adele E. Howe & Paul R. Cohen - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 76 (1-2):125-166.
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  20.  26
    Effect of spatial separation of stimulus, response, and reinforcement on selective learning in children.Wendell E. Jeffrey & Leslie B. Cohen - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (6):577.
  21. Pushing moral buttons: The interaction between personal force and intention in moral judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Fiery A. Cushman, Lisa E. Stewart, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2009 - Cognition 111 (3):364-371.
    In some cases people judge it morally acceptable to sacrifice one person’s life in order to save several other lives, while in other similar cases they make the opposite judgment. Researchers have identified two general factors that may explain this phenomenon at the stimulus level: (1) the agent’s intention (i.e. whether the harmful event is intended as a means or merely foreseen as a side-effect) and (2) whether the agent harms the victim in a manner that is relatively “direct” or (...)
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  22.  32
    Sounding Black or White: priming identity and biracial speech.Sarah E. Gaither, Ariel M. Cohen-Goldberg, Calvin L. Gidney & Keith B. Maddox - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  23.  28
    It’s a Shame! Stigma Against Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Examining the Ethical Implications for Public Health Practices and Policies.Emily Bell, Gail Andrew, Nina Di Pietro, Albert E. Chudley, James N. Reynolds & Eric Racine - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (1):65-77.
    Stigma can influence the prevention and identification of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a leading cause of developmental delay in North America. Understanding the effects of public health practices and policies on stigma is imperative. We reviewed social science and biomedical literatures to understand the nature of stigma in FASD and its relevance from an ethics standpoint in matters of health practices and policies. We propose a descriptive model of stigma in FASD and note current knowledge gaps; discuss the ethical implications (...)
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  24.  42
    Conclusion: “Opening”. [REVIEW]Amy E. Cohen Varela - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):225-230.
  25.  34
    Confronting Biospecimen Exceptionalism in Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Barbara E. Bierer & I. Glenn Cohen - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):4-5.
    On September 8, 2015, the Department of Health and Human Services issued a Notice of Proposed Rule Making to revise the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, widely known as the “Common Rule.” The NPRM proposes several changes to the current system, including a dramatic shift in the approach to secondary research using biospecimens and data. Under the current rules, it is relatively easy to use biospecimens and data for secondary research. This approach systematically facilitates secondary research with (...)
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  26.  20
    Breaking the cycle of mistrust: Wise interventions to provide critical feedback across the racial divide.David Scott Yeager, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Julio Garcia, Nancy Apfel, Patti Brzustoski, Allison Master, William T. Hessert, Matthew E. Williams & Geoffrey L. Cohen - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):804-824.
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  27.  24
    Religião pós-moderna no Brasil? Postmodern religion in Brazil?Lenny Francis Campos Alvarenga & Claudio Herbert Nina E. Silva - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (23):916-931.
    A presente Comunicação pretende analisar comparativamente alguns aspectos da definição de modernidade e pós-modernidade e sua aplicabilidade na análise do contexto religioso brasileiro. Partindo de autores como Giddens e Bauman, desenvolvemos a contextualização de suas teorias para uma realidade eminentemente européia. Depois, com autores como Canclini, Mariano e Prandi, dentre outros, que analisaram o contexto latino americano e, principalmente, brasileiro, procurou-se delinear o erro em se considerar que os conceitos de modernidade e pós-modernidade cabem à análise do cenário religioso brasileiro (...)
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  28.  33
    Contested Terrain: The Nazi Analogy in Bioethics.Nat Hentoff, Daniel Callahan, Gary E. Crum & Cynthia B. Cohen - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):29.
    In 1976, The Hastings Center convened a conference to examine the validity of proposed parallels between Nazi and contemporary biomedical practices in moral argument. Charges that current medical and social practices and policies are analogous to or are the moral equivalent of Nazi programs are again in the air, and in this new feature of the Report, four commentators display and critique the use of this analogy.
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  29.  28
    The modification of background frequency information.Philip H. Marshall, Clay E. George & Pamela Cohen - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (1):9-11.
  30.  15
    Meeting at Maastricht.T. M. G. van Berkestijn, E. Borst-Eilers, H. S. Cohen, H. J. J. Leenen, C. Schaake-Koning, E. Schroten, C. Spreeuwenberg & Maurice A. M. de Wachter - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (2):45.
    The editors welcome letters from readers, although we cannot guarantee that all will be published. To ensure timeliness, correspondents must respond to an article within seven weeks and not exceed two double‐spaced pages. Letters become the property of the editors and may be edited and shortened at our discretion.
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  31.  26
    Meeting at Maastricht.T. M. G. Berkestijn, E. Borst‐Eilers, H. S. Cohen, H. J. J. Leenen, C. Schaake‐Koning, E. Schroten, C. Spreewenberg & Maurice A. M. Wadtter - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (2):45-46.
    The editors welcome letters from readers, although we cannot guarantee that all will be published. To ensure timeliness, correspondents must respond to an article within seven weeks and not exceed two double‐spaced pages. Letters become the property of the editors and may be edited and shortened at our discretion.
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  32.  52
    Divergent effects of different positive emotions on moral judgment.Nina Strohminger, Richard L. Lewis & David E. Meyer - 2011 - Cognition 119 (2):295-300.
  33.  17
    Generating Relations Elicits a Relational Mindset in Children.Nina K. Simms & Lindsey E. Richland - 2019 - Cognitive Science 43 (10):e12795.
    Relational reasoning is a hallmark of human higher cognition and creativity, yet it is notoriously difficult to encourage in abstract tasks, even in adults. Generally, young children initially focus more on objects, but with age become more focused on relations. While prerequisite knowledge and cognitive resource maturation partially explains this pattern, here we propose a new facet important for children's relational reasoning development: a general orientation to relational information, or a relational mindset. We demonstrate that a relational mindset can be (...)
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  34.  86
    An Analytic Tableaux Model for Deductive Mastermind Empirically Tested with a Massively Used Online Learning System.Nina Gierasimczuk, Han L. J. van der Maas & Maartje E. J. Raijmakers - 2013 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (3):297-314.
    The paper is concerned with the psychological relevance of a logical model for deductive reasoning. We propose a new way to analyze logical reasoning in a deductive version of the Mastermind game implemented within a popular Dutch online educational learning system (Math Garden). Our main goal is to derive predictions about the difficulty of Deductive Mastermind tasks. By means of a logical analysis we derive the number of steps needed for solving these tasks (a proxy for working memory load). Our (...)
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  35. Democracy and Association.Mark E. Warren, Nina Eliasoph, Amy Gutmann & John Ehrenberg - 2002 - Political Theory 30 (2):289-298.
  36.  26
    Emotion regulation as a main mechanism of change in psychotherapy.Natali Moyal, Noga Cohen, Avishai Henik & Gideon E. Anholt - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
    A model that suggests reconsolidation of traumatic memories as a mechanism of change in therapy is important, but problematic to generalize to disorders other than post-traumatic and acute-stress disorder. We suggest that a more plausible mechanism of change in psychotherapy is acquisition of adaptive emotion regulation strategies.
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  37.  72
    Intentions in Communication.Philip R. Cohen, Jerry Morgan & Martha E. Pollack - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (167):245.
  38. When blue is larger than red: Colors influence numerical cognition in synesthesia.R. Cohen Kadosh, N. Sagiv, D. E. J. Linden, L. C. Robertson, G. Elinger & A. Henik - 2005 - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 17 (11):1766-73.
     
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  39.  11
    Representation of cultural values in Tempuutn Senarikng of Dayak Benuaq and Tunjung tribes.Nina Queena H. Putri, Andayani Andayani & Nugraheni E. Wardani - 2023 - HTS Theological Studies 79 (1):9.
    Tempuutn Senarikng is one Indonesian mythical folklore telling the origins of humans in the Dayak Benuaq and Tunjung tribal communities. This research aims to represent the cultural values in Tempuutn Senarikng. This study is qualitative research using an ethnographic approach and interactive model data analysis techniques. The results show that Tempuutn Senarikng contains cultural values of the Dayak Benuaq and Tunjung tribal communities explaining that (1) the nature of the Dayak Benuaq and Tunjung people’s life is to try to avoid (...)
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  40. Cognition: A Critical Look. Advances, Questions and Controversies in Honor of J. Mehler.E. Dupoux, S. Dehane & L. Cohen (eds.) - 2002 - MIT Press.
     
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  41.  3
    How Modern Coaching Can Help Develop Engineers and the Profession: And How Philosophy Can Help.Nina Jirouskova & David E. Goldberg - 2023 - In Albrecht Fritzsche & Andrés Santa-María (eds.), Rethinking Technology and Engineering: Dialogues Across Disciplines and Geographies. Springer Verlag. pp. 81-99.
    The chapter reviews key foundations and principles of the burgeoning discipline of executive or leadership coaching and explores how these relate to the practice, profession, and philosophy of engineering. In exploring and comparing objectives, approaches, cognitive preferences and future challenges of coaches and engineers, the authors identify a number of kindred properties between the two disciplines. This common ground would invite us to believe that engineering would naturally draw upon coaching for the development of its students, educators, and practitioners, but (...)
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  42.  27
    Conclusion: “Opening”.Amy E. Cohen Varela - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):225-230.
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  43. Life care at home: a new long-term care finance and delivery option.E. J. Tell, M. A. Cohen & S. S. Wallack - 1987 - Inquiry (Misc) 24 (3):245-252.
     
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  44. Prayer is therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott reply.C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.
  45.  31
    Delinquency and the Education of SocietyDelinquent BoysThe Young DelinquentReport of the Committee on Maladjusted ChildrenMaternal Care and Mental HealthDelinquency and Human NatureUnsettled Children and Their FamiliesJourney into a FogSome Young PeopleSeduction of the Innocent.E. A. Peel, A. K. Cohen, Cyril Burt, Ministry of Education, J. Bowlby, D. H. Stott, D. F. Stott, M. Berger-Hamerschlag, P. Jephcott & F. Wertham - 1957 - British Journal of Educational Studies 6 (1):76.
  46.  40
    Mitigating Racial Bias in Machine Learning.Kristin M. Kostick-Quenet, I. Glenn Cohen, Sara Gerke, Bernard Lo, James Antaki, Faezah Movahedi, Hasna Njah, Lauren Schoen, Jerry E. Estep & J. S. Blumenthal-Barby - 2022 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 50 (1):92-100.
    When applied in the health sector, AI-based applications raise not only ethical but legal and safety concerns, where algorithms trained on data from majority populations can generate less accurate or reliable results for minorities and other disadvantaged groups.
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  47.  23
    The Criminal Process in the People's Republic of China, 1949-1963: An Introduction.E. H. S. & Jerome Alan Cohen - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):367.
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  48.  17
    Educability of binocular motor patterns.E. A. Bott, G. G. Brown & L. H. Cohen - 1928 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 11 (1):1.
  49.  57
    Intentions in Communication.Philip R. Cohen, Jerry L. Morgan & Martha E. Pollack (eds.) - 1990 - Cambridge, MA: MIT Press/Bradford Books.
    This book presents views of the concept of intention and its relationship to communication from three perspectives: philosphy, linguistics, and artificial intelligence. The book is a record of a workshop held in 1987.
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  50. Name and Subject Index.N. Abbagnano, G. E. M. Anscombe, S. Arzy, J. Austin, B. J. Baars, S. Baron-Cohen, A. Becvar, D. Beisecker, J. Benoist & A. Berthoz - 2012 - In Sofia Miguens & Gerhard Preyer (eds.), Consciousness and Subjectivity. [Place of publication not identified]: Ontos Verlag. pp. 357.
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