Results for 'Nina E. Cohen'

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  1.  68
    Social-Ethical Issues Concerning the Control Strategy of Animal Diseases in the European Union: A Survey. [REVIEW]Nina E. Cohen, Marcel A. P. M. Van Asseldonk & Elsbeth N. Stassen - 2007 - Agriculture and Human Values 24 (4):499-510.
    In 2004 a survey was conducted in the member states of the European Union designed to gain greater insight into the views on control strategies for foot and mouth disease, classical swine fever, and avian influenza with respect to the epidemiological, economic and social-ethical consequences of each of these animal diseases. This article presents the results of the social-ethical survey. A selection of stakeholders from each member state was asked to prioritize issues for the prevention and control of these diseases. (...)
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  2.  88
    Fundamental Moral Attitudes to Animals and Their Role in Judgment: An Empirical Model to Describe Fundamental Moral Attitudes to Animals and Their Role in Judgment on the Culling of Healthy Animals During an Animal Disease Epidemic.Nina E. Cohen, Frans W. A. Brom & Elsbeth N. Stassen - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (4):341-359.
    In this paper, we present and defend the theoretical framework of an empirical model to describe people’s fundamental moral attitudes (FMAs) to animals, the stratification of FMAs in society and the role of FMAs in judgment on the culling of healthy animals in an animal disease epidemic. We used philosophical animal ethics theories to understand the moral basis of FMA convictions. Moreover, these theories provide us with a moral language for communication between animal ethics, FMAs, and public debates. We defend (...)
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  3.  13
    The Role of Civil Commitment in the Opioid Crisis.Ish P. Bhalla, Nina Cohen, Claudia E. Haupt, Kate Stith & Rocksheng Zhong - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (2):343-350.
    This article seeks to shed light on civil commitment in the context of the opioid crisis, to sketch the existing legal landscape surrounding civil commitment, and to illustrate the relevant medical, ethical, and legal concerns that policymakers must take into account as they struggle to find appropriate responses to the crisis.
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  4. Beyond the Prevention of Harm: Animal Disease Policy as a Moral Question.Franck L. B. Meijboom, Nina Cohen, Elsbeth N. Stassen & Frans W. A. Brom - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):559-571.
    European animal disease policy seems to find its justification in a “harm to other” principle. Limiting the freedom of animal keepers—e.g., by culling their animals—is justified by the aim to prevent harm, i.e., the spreading of the disease. The picture, however, is more complicated. Both during the control of outbreaks and in the prevention of notifiable, animal diseases the government is confronted with conflicting claims of stakeholders who anticipate running a risk to be harmed by each other, and who ask (...)
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  5.  24
    A Source Book in Greek Science. [REVIEW]E. N., Morris R. Cohen & I. E. Drabkin - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):715.
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  6.  28
    The Biopolitical Public Domain: The Legal Construction of the Surveillance Economy.Julie E. Cohen - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (2):213-233.
    Within the political economy of informational capitalism, commercial surveillance practices are tools for resource extraction. That process requires an enabling legal construct, which this essay identifies and explores. Contemporary practices of personal information processing constitute a new type of public domain—a repository of raw materials that are there for the taking and that are framed as inputs to particular types of productive activity. As a legal construct, the biopolitical public domain shapes practices of appropriation and use of personal information in (...)
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  7.  64
    Beyond Consent: Building Trusting Relationships With Diverse Populations in Precision Medicine Research.Stephanie A. Kraft, Mildred K. Cho, Katherine Gillespie, Meghan Halley, Nina Varsava, Kelly E. Ormond, Harold S. Luft, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Sandra Soo-Jin Lee - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (4):3-20.
    With the growth of precision medicine research on health data and biospecimens, research institutions will need to build and maintain long-term, trusting relationships with patient-participants. While trust is important for all research relationships, the longitudinal nature of precision medicine research raises particular challenges for facilitating trust when the specifics of future studies are unknown. Based on focus groups with racially and ethnically diverse patients, we describe several factors that influence patient trust and potential institutional approaches to building trustworthiness. Drawing on (...)
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  8.  35
    Deep Brain Stimulation to Reward Circuitry Alleviates Anhedonia in Refractory Major Depression.Thomas E. Schlaepfer, Michael X. Cohen, Caroline Frick, Markus Mathaus Kosel, Daniela Brodesser, Nikolai Axmacher, Alexius Young Joe, Martina Kreft, Doris Lenartz & Volker Sturm - unknown
    Deep brain stimulation to different sites allows interfering with dysfunctional network function implicated in major depression. Because a prominent clinical feature of depression is anhedonia--the inability to experience pleasure from previously pleasurable activities--and because there is clear evidence of dysfunctions of the reward system in depression, DBS to the nucleus accumbens might offer a new possibility to target depressive symptomatology in otherwise treatment-resistant depression. Three patients suffering from extremely resistant forms of depression, who did not respond to pharmacotherapy, psychotherapy, and (...)
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  9. Pushing Moral Buttons: The Interaction Between Personal Force and Intention in Moral Judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Fiery A. Cushman, Lisa E. Stewart, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2009 - Cognition 111 (3):364-371.
  10.  12
    Reporting Ethical Practices in Journal Articles.Sandra T. Sigmon, Nina E. Boulard & Stacy Whitcomb-Smith - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (3):261 – 275.
    Little attention has focused on the reporting of ethical research practices in journal articles. In Study 1, published articles in 2 psychopathology journals were reviewed to ascertain the types of ethical research information that were reported. In Study 2, a survey was sent to authors in Study 1 to determine which ethical practices they engaged in, if they reported this information, and reasons for not including this information in their article. In general, there is a great variability regarding the types (...)
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  11.  91
    Cognitive Load Selectively Interferes with Utilitarian Moral Judgment.Joshua D. Greene, Sylvia A. Morelli, Kelly Lowenberg, Leigh E. Nystrom & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1144-1154.
  12.  21
    You Can Handle the Truth: Mispredicting the Consequences of Honest Communication.Emma E. Levine & Taya R. Cohen - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (9):1400-1429.
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  13.  21
    Being Clean and Acting Dirty: The Paradoxical Effect of Self-Cleansing.Thalma E. Lobel, Allon Cohen, Lior Kalay Shahin, Shimon Malov, Yaniv Golan & Shani Busnach - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (4):307-313.
    In two studies we investigated the association between physical cleansing and moral and immoral behavior in real-life situations. In Study 1, after a workout at the gym, participants cheated more after taking a shower than before taking one. In the second study, participants donated more money to charity before rather than after they bathed for religious purification. The results extend previous findings about moral cleansing and moral licensing and are discussed within the framework of conceptual metaphor theory.
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  14.  25
    The Multicultural Quality of Life Index: Presentation and Validation.Juan E. Mezzich, Neal L. Cohen, Maria A. Ruiperez, Claudio E. M. Banzato & Maria I. Zapata-Vega - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):357-364.
  15.  17
    Sounding Black or White: Priming Identity and Biracial Speech.Sarah E. Gaither, Ariel M. Cohen-Goldberg, Calvin L. Gidney & Keith B. Maddox - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  16.  15
    It’s a Shame! Stigma Against Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Examining the Ethical Implications for Public Health Practices and Policies.Emily Bell, Gail Andrew, Nina Di Pietro, Albert E. Chudley, James N. Reynolds & Eric Racine - 2016 - Public Health Ethics 9 (1):65-77.
    Stigma can influence the prevention and identification of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a leading cause of developmental delay in North America. Understanding the effects of public health practices and policies on stigma is imperative. We reviewed social science and biomedical literatures to understand the nature of stigma in FASD and its relevance from an ethics standpoint in matters of health practices and policies. We propose a descriptive model of stigma in FASD and note current knowledge gaps; discuss the ethical implications (...)
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  17.  18
    ΔΙΚΑΙ ΕΜΠΟΡΙΚΑΙ - Edward E. Cohen: Ancient Athenian Maritime Courts. Pp. Xii + 233. Princeton: University Press, 1973. Cloth, $9.00. [REVIEW]Douglas M. MacDowell - 1976 - The Classical Review 26 (01):84-85.
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  18.  8
    The Effect of Prior Training on the Contrafreeloading Phenomenon.B. E. Lentz & Steven L. Cohen - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (1):48-50.
  19.  15
    Confronting Biospecimen Exceptionalism in Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule.Holly Fernandez Lynch, Barbara E. Bierer & I. Glenn Cohen - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (1):4-5.
    On September 8, 2015, the Department of Health and Human Services issued a Notice of Proposed Rule Making to revise the Federal Policy for the Protection of Human Subjects, widely known as the “Common Rule.” The NPRM proposes several changes to the current system, including a dramatic shift in the approach to secondary research using biospecimens and data. Under the current rules, it is relatively easy to use biospecimens and data for secondary research. This approach systematically facilitates secondary research with (...)
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  20. Understanding Planner Behavior.Adele E. Howe & Paul R. Cohen - 1995 - Artificial Intelligence 76 (1-2):125-166.
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  21. Multimodal Spatial Representations in the Primate Parietal Lobe.Yale E. Cohen & Andersen & A. Richard - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press.
     
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  22.  29
    Conclusion: “Opening”. [REVIEW]Amy E. Cohen Varela - 2002 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (2):225-230.
  23.  17
    Effect of Spatial Separation of Stimulus, Response, and Reinforcement on Selective Learning in Children.Wendell E. Jeffrey & Leslie B. Cohen - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (6):577.
  24.  19
    Selected Works of Peter A. Boodberg.Albert E. Dien, Alvin P. Cohen & Peter A. Boodberg - 1982 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 102 (2):422.
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  25. Nietzsche and the Sciences.Babette E. Babich & R. S. Cohen - 1999
     
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  26.  32
    Divergent Effects of Different Positive Emotions on Moral Judgment.Nina Strohminger, Richard L. Lewis & David E. Meyer - 2011 - Cognition 119 (2):295-300.
  27.  25
    Contested Terrain: The Nazi Analogy in Bioethics.Nat Hentoff, Daniel Callahan, Gary E. Crum & Cynthia B. Cohen - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):29.
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  28.  40
    Intentions in Communication.Philip R. Cohen, Jerry Morgan & Martha E. Pollack - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (167):245.
  29.  68
    An Analytic Tableaux Model for Deductive Mastermind Empirically Tested with a Massively Used Online Learning System.Nina Gierasimczuk, Han L. J. van der Maas & Maartje E. J. Raijmakers - 2013 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 22 (3):297-314.
    The paper is concerned with the psychological relevance of a logical model for deductive reasoning. We propose a new way to analyze logical reasoning in a deductive version of the Mastermind game implemented within a popular Dutch online educational learning system (Math Garden). Our main goal is to derive predictions about the difficulty of Deductive Mastermind tasks. By means of a logical analysis we derive the number of steps needed for solving these tasks (a proxy for working memory load). Our (...)
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  30.  11
    Religião pós-moderna no Brasil? Postmodern religion in Brazil?Lenny Francis Campos Alvarenga & Claudio Herbert Nina E. Silva - 2011 - Horizonte 9 (23):916-931.
    A presente Comunicação pretende analisar comparativamente alguns aspectos da definição de modernidade e pós-modernidade e sua aplicabilidade na análise do contexto religioso brasileiro. Partindo de autores como Giddens e Bauman, desenvolvemos a contextualização de suas teorias para uma realidade eminentemente européia. Depois, com autores como Canclini, Mariano e Prandi, dentre outros, que analisaram o contexto latino americano e, principalmente, brasileiro, procurou-se delinear o erro em se considerar que os conceitos de modernidade e pós-modernidade cabem à análise do cenário religioso brasileiro (...)
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  31.  24
    Hermann Cohen und die Erneuerung der Kantischen Philosophie.E. Cassirer - 1912 - Kant-Studien 17 (1-3):252-273.
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  32.  14
    Breaking the Cycle of Mistrust: Wise Interventions to Provide Critical Feedback Across the Racial Divide.David Scott Yeager, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Julio Garcia, Nancy Apfel, Patti Brzustoski, Allison Master, William T. Hessert, Matthew E. Williams & Geoffrey L. Cohen - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):804-824.
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  33.  3
    Hermann Cohen’s Ethical Ideas in the Works of Boris Pasternak.Nina A. Dmitrieva - 2021 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 58 (4):279-291.
    A unique feature of Pasternak’s reception and interpretation of Cohen’s philosophical ideas consists in the fact that the poet focused mainly on the conception of ethics posed by the head of the Ma...
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  34. Hermann Cohens Konzept der Anthropodizee in der Sicht Jacob Gordins.Nina Dmitrieva - 2015 - Kantian Journal (3(ENG)):78-86.
    The paper focuses on the problem of anthropodicy in the philosophical system of Hermann Cohen and its interpretation by Jacob Gordin (1896—1947). Gordin was one of the last followers of Cohen in Russia. He developes his interpretation in the lecture “Anthropodicy”, which was given in the Philosophical Circle at the Petrograd University in December 1921. For the study of the problem of anthropodicy he was apparently inspired by the discussions at the Free Philosophical Association in 1919—1921. Gordin places (...)
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  35.  26
    Re-Imaging Athens Mark Munn: The School of History. Athens in the Age of Socrates . Pp. Xii + 525, Maps, Figs. Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 2000. Cased, £23.50. ISBN: 0-520-21557-5. Edward E. Cohen: The Athenian Nation . Pp. Xx + 250. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000. Cased, £25. ISBN: 0-691-04842-. [REVIEW]David J. Schenker - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (02):314-.
  36.  3
    Athenian Economy and Society: A Banking Perspective by Edward E. Cohen[REVIEW]David Mirhady - 1994 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 88:123-123.
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  37.  5
    Meeting at Maastricht.T. M. G. van Berkestijn, E. Borst-Eilers, H. S. Cohen, H. J. J. Leenen, C. Schaake-Koning, E. Schroten, C. Spreeuwenberg & Maurice A. M. de Wachter - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (2):45.
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  38.  16
    The Modification of Background Frequency Information.Philip H. Marshall, Clay E. George & Pamela Cohen - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (1):9-11.
  39. Prayer is Therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott Reply.C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.
  40.  19
    Meeting at Maastricht.T. M. G. Berkestijn, E. Borst‐Eilers, H. S. Cohen, H. J. J. Leenen, C. Schaake‐Koning, E. Schroten, C. Spreewenberg & Maurice A. M. Wadtter - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (2):45-46.
  41.  79
    The Nature of Crime.Richard Machalek & Lawrence E. Cohen - 1991 - Human Nature 2 (3):215-233.
    The classical social theorist Emile Durkheim proposed the counterintuitive thesis that crime is beneficial for society because it provokes punishment, which enhances social solidarity. His logic, however, is blemished by a reified view of society that leads to group-selectionist thinking and a teleological account of the causes of crime. Reconceptualization of the relationship between crime and punishment in terms of evolutionary game theory, however, suggests that crime (cheating) may confer benefits on cooperating individuals by promoting stability in their patterns of (...)
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  42.  7
    Ethical Problems Arising in Evidence Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. E. Ernst, M. H. Cohen & J. Stone - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):156-159.
    Complementary and alternative medicine has become an important section of healthcare. Its high level of acceptance among the general population represents a challenge to healthcare professionals of all disciplines and raises a host of ethical issues. This article is an attempt to explore some of the more obvious or practical ethical aspects of complementary and alternative medicine.
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  43. Jerry Cohen’s Why Not Socialism? Some Thoughts.John E. Roemer - 2010 - The Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):255-262.
    In his book Why Not Socialism? , G.A. Cohen described several kinds of inequality that would be acceptable under socialism, yet nonetheless harmful to community. I describe another kind of inequality with this property, deriving from the legitimate transmission of preferences and values from parents to children. In the same book, Cohen proposes that the designing of a socialist allocation mechanism is a key problem for socialist theory. I maintain this is less of a problem than he believes. (...)
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  44.  8
    Time Variation of Some Selected Topics in Bioethical Publications.C. Cohen, J. A. R. Vianna, L. R. Battistella & E. Massad - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (2):81-84.
    Objective: To analyse the time variation of topics in bioethical publications as a proxy of the relative importance.Methods: We searched the Medline database for bioethics publications using the words “ethics or bioethics”, and for 360 specific topics publications, associating Medical Subject Heading topic descriptors to those words. We calculated the ratio of bioethics publications to the total publications of Medline, and the ratio of each topic publications to the total bioethics publications, for five-year intervals, from 1970 to 2004. We calculated (...)
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  45.  34
    Intentions in Communication.Philip R. Cohen, Jerry Morgan & Martha E. Pollack - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (167):245-247.
    This paper explores principles governing the rational balance among an agent's beliefs, goals, actions, and intentions. Such principles provide specifications for artificial agents, and approximate a theory of human action (as philosophers use the term). By making explicit the conditions under which an agent can drop his goals, i.e., by specifying how the agent is committed to his goals, the formalism captures a number of important properties of intention. Specifically, the formalism provides analyses for Bratman's three characteristic functional roles played (...)
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  46.  4
    Motor Cortical Network Plasticity in Patients With Recurrent Brain Tumors.Lucia Bulubas, Nina Sardesh, Tavish Traut, Anne Findlay, Danielle Mizuiri, Susanne M. Honma, Sandro M. Krieg, Mitchel S. Berger, Srikantan S. Nagarajan & Phiroz E. Tarapore - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  47.  29
    The Cambridge Companion to Newton.I. Bernard Cohen & George E. Smith (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this volume a team of distinguished contributors examine all the main aspects of Newton s thought, including not only his approach to space, time, mechanics, ...
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  48.  22
    An Examination of the Effect of CEO Social Ties and CEO Reputation on Nonprofessional Investors’ Say-on-Pay Judgments.Steven E. Kaplan, Janet A. Samuels & Jeffrey Cohen - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (1):103-117.
    CEO compensation has received much attention from both academics and regulators. However, academics have given scant attention to understanding judgments about CEO compensation by third parties such as investors. Our study contributes to the ethics literature on CEO compensation by examining whether judgments about CEO compensation are influenced by two aspects of a company’s tone at the top—social ties between the CEO and members of the Executive Compensation Committee and the CEO’s Reputation, particularly for financial reporting and disclosures. Although, stock (...)
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  49.  30
    Jerry Cohen’s Why Not Socialism? Some Thoughts.John E. Roemer - 2010 - The Journal of Ethics 14 (3-4):255-262.
    In his book Why Not Socialism?, G.A. Cohen described several kinds of inequality that would be acceptable under socialism, yet nonetheless harmful to community. I describe another kind of inequality with this property, deriving from the legitimate transmission of preferences and values from parents to children. In the same book, Cohen proposes that the designing of a socialist allocation mechanism is a key problem for socialist theory. I maintain this is less of a problem than he believes. Finally, (...)
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  50.  6
    Mediators of Physical Activity on Neurocognitive Function: A Review at Multiple Levels of Analysis.Chelsea M. Stillman, Jamie Cohen, Morgan E. Lehman & Kirk I. Erickson - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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