Results for 'Nizam Omar'

510 found
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  1.  30
    Guidelines for Dynamics‐Based Parameterization of One‐Dimensional Cellular Automata Rule Spaces.Gina Maira Barbosa de Oliveira, Pedro P. B. de Oliveira & Nizam Omar - 2000 - Complexity 6 (2):63-71.
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  2. Astorga, Omar, La institución imaginaria del 'Leviathan': Hobbes como intérprete de la política moderna, Caracas, Universidad Central de Venezuela: Consejo de Desarrollo Científico y Humanístico, 2000. Curran, Eleanor, Reclaiming the Rights of the Hobbesian Subject, New York/Basingstoke, Palgrave/Macmillan, 2007. [REVIEW]Omar Astorga - 2008 - Hobbes Studies 21 (1):104.
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  3.  8
    Book Review: Organs Without Bodies: On Deleuže and Consequences by Slavoj Žižek New York: Routledge, 2003 Reviewed by Omar Ližardo. [REVIEW]Omar Ližardo - 2007 - Theory, Culture and Society 24 (4):142-146.
  4.  20
    When Must a Patient Seek Healthcare? Bringing the Perspectives of Islamic Jurists and Clinicians Into Dialogue.Omar Qureshi & Aasim I. Padela - 2016 - Zygon 51 (3):592-625.
    Muslim physicians and Islamic jurists analyze the moral dimensions of biomedicine using different tools and processes. While the deliberations of these two classes of experts involve judgments about the deliverables of the other's respective fields, Islamic jurists and Muslim physicians rarely engage in discussions about the constructs and epistemic frameworks that motivate their analyses. The lack of dialogue creates gaps in knowledge and leads to imprecise guidance. In order to address these discursive and conceptual gaps we describe the sources of (...)
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  5.  16
    Change in Brainstem Gray Matter Concentration Following a Mindfulness-Based Intervention is Correlated with Improvement in Psychological Well-Being.Omar Singleton, Britta K. Hölzel, Mark Vangel, Narayan Brach, James Carmody & Sara W. Lazar - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  6.  6
    A Novel Antifragility Measure Based on Satisfaction and Its Application to Random and Biological Boolean Networks.Omar K. Pineda, Hyobin Kim & Carlos Gershenson - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-10.
    Antifragility is a property from which systems are able to resist stress and furthermore benefit from it. Even though antifragile dynamics is found in various real-world complex systems where multiple subsystems interact with each other, the attribute has not been quantitatively explored yet in those complex systems which can be regarded as multilayer networks. Here we study how the multilayer structure affects the antifragility of the whole system. By comparing single-layer and multilayer Boolean networks based on our recently proposed antifragility (...)
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  7. Nizam Al-Mulk Tusi: His Contribution to Statecraft, Political Theory, and the Art of Government.S. Rizwan Ali Rizvi - 1978 - Sh. Muhammad Ashraf.
     
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  8.  65
    The Cognitive Origins of Bourdieu's Habitus.Omar Lizardo - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (4):375–401.
    This paper aims to balance the conceptual reception of Bourdieu's sociology in the United States through a conceptual re-examination of the concept of Habitus. I retrace the intellectual lineage of the Habitus idea, showing it to have roots in Claude Levi-Strauss structural anthropology and in the developmental psychology of Jean Piaget, especially the latter's generalization of the idea of operations from mathematics to the study of practical, bodily-mediated cognition. One important payoff of this exercise is that the common misinterpretation of (...)
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  9.  16
    What Are Dual Process Models? Implications for Cultural Analysis in Sociology.Omar Lizardo, Robert Mowry, Brandon Sepulvado, Dustin S. Stoltz, Marshall A. Taylor, Justin Van Ness & Michael Wood - 2016 - Sociological Theory 34 (4):287-310.
    In this paper we introduce the idea of the dual process framework (DPF), an interdisciplinary approach to the study of learning, memory, thinking, and action. Departing from the successful reception of Vaisey (2009), we suggest that intradisciplinary debates in sociology regarding the merits of “dual process” formulations can benefit from a better understanding of the theoretical foundations of these models in cognitive and social psychology. We argue that the key is to distinguish the general DPF from more specific applications to (...)
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  10.  12
    Achieving Top Performance While Building Collegiality in Sales: It All Starts with Ethics.Omar S. Itani, Fernando Jaramillo & Larry Chonko - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 156 (2):417-438.
    While previous literature provides evidence of the positive relationship between ethical climate and job satisfaction, the possible mechanisms of this relationship are still underexplored. This study aims to enhance scholars’ and practitioners’ understanding of the ethical climate–job satisfaction relationship by identifying and testing two of the possible mechanisms. More specifically, this study fills an existing research gap by examining social and interpersonal mechanisms, referred to in this study as workplace isolation of colleagues and salesperson’s teamwork, of the ethical climate–job satisfaction (...)
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  11.  70
    "Mirror Neurons," Collective Objects and the Problem of Transmission: Reconsidering Stephen Turner's Critique of Practice Theory.Omar Lizardo - 2007 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 37 (3):319–350.
    In this paper, I critically examine Stephen Turner's critique of practice theory in light of recent neurophysiological discoveries regarding the “mirror neuron system” in the pre-frontal mo-tor cortex of humans and other primates. I argue that two of Turner's strongest objections against the sociological version of the practice-theoretical account, the problem of transmission and the problem of sameness, are substantially undermined when examined from the perspective of re-cently systematized accounts of embodied learning and intersubjective action understanding in-spired by these developments. (...)
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  12.  68
    Beyond the Antinomies of Structure: Levi-Strauss, Giddens, Bourdieu, and Sewell. [REVIEW]Omar Lizardo - 2010 - Theory and Society 39 (6):651-688.
  13.  15
    An Ethical (Descriptive) Framework for Judgment of Actions and Decisions in the Construction Industry and Engineering–Part I.Omar J. Alkhatib & Alaa Abdou - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2):585-606.
    The construction industry is usually characterized as a fragmented system of multiple-organizational entities in which members from different technical backgrounds and moral values join together to develop a particular business or project. The greatest challenge in the construction process for the achievement of a successful practice is the development of an outstanding reputation, which is built on identifying and applying an ethical framework. This framework should reflect a common ethical ground for myriad people involved in this process to survive and (...)
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  14.  64
    Re‐Conceptualizing Abstract Conceptualization in Social Theory: The Case of the “Structure” Concept.Omar Lizardo - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (2):155-180.
    I this paper, I draw on recent research on the radically embodied and perceptual bases of conceptualization in linguistics and cognitive science to develop a new way of reading and evaluating abstract concepts in social theory. I call this approach Sociological Idea Analysis. I argue that, in contrast to the traditional view of abstract concepts, which conceives them as amodal “presuppositions” removed from experience, abstract concepts are irreducibly grounded in experience and partake of non-negotiable perceptual-symbolic features from which a non-propositional (...)
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  15.  99
    Brain Death and its Entanglements.Omar Sultan Haque - 2008 - Journal of Religious Ethics 36 (1):13-36.
    The Islamic philosophical, mystical, and theological sub-traditions have each made characteristic assumptions about the human person, including an incorporation of substance dualism in distinctive manners. Advances in the brain sciences of the last half century, which include a widespread acceptance of death as the end of essential brain function, require the abandonment of dualistic notions of the human person that assert an immaterial and incorporeal soul separate from a body. In this article, I trace classical Islamic notions of death and (...)
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  16. Bertrand Russell and the Edwardian Philosophers: Constructing the World.Omar W. Nasim - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Introduction -- Stout's proto-new-realism -- Situating G.F. Stout -- Stout's doctrine of primary and secondary qualities -- Stout and the Brentano School -- Representative function of presentations -- Sensible space and real space -- Cook Wilson's geometrical counter-example -- Stout's central question -- Ideal constructions -- Ideal constructions in psychology and epistemology -- British new realism : the language of madness -- Stout's criticisms of Alexander -- Alexander's response -- The nature of sensations, images, and other presentations -- What is (...)
     
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  17. The Spaces of Knowledge: Bertrand Russell, Logical Construction, and the Classification of the Sciences.Omar W. Nasim - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (6):1163-1182.
    What Russell regarded to be the ?chief outcome? of his 1914 Lowell Lectures at Harvard can only be fully appreciated, I argue, if one embeds the outcome back into the ?classificatory problem? that many at the time were heavily engaged in. The problem focused on the place and relationships between the newly formed or recently professionalized disciplines such as psychology, Erkenntnistheorie, physics, logic and philosophy. The prime metaphor used in discussions about the classificatory problem by British philosophers was a spatial (...)
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  18.  85
    Reconceptualizing and Theorizing “Omnivorousness”.Omar Lizardo & Sara Skiles - 2012 - Sociological Theory 30 (4):263-282.
    Scores of sociological studies have provided evidence for the association between broad cultural taste, or omnivorousness, and various status characteristics, such as education, occupation, and age. Nevertheless, the literature lacks a consistent theoretical foundation with which to understand and organize these empirical findings. In this article, we offer such a framework, suggesting that a mechanism-based approach is helpful for examination of the origins of the omnivore-univore taste pattern as well as its class-based distribution. We reground the discussion of this phenomenon (...)
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  19.  14
    Estimating the Health and Socioeconomic Effects of Cousin Marriage in South Asia.A. Mushfiq Mobarak, Theresa Chaudhry, Julia Brown, Tetyana Zelenska, M. Nizam Khan, Shamyla Chaudry, Rana Abdul Wajid, Alan H. Bittles & Steven Li - 2019 - Journal of Biosocial Science 51 (3):418-435.
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  20.  10
    Illusion of the Peoples: A Critique of National Self-Determination.Omar Dahbour - 2003 - Lexington Books.
    In this book Omar Dahbour examines all of the arguments that have been given for national self-determination, whether by international lawyers, moral philosophers, democratic theorists, or political communitarians.
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  21. Comparing Phases of Skepticism in Al-Ghazālī and Descartes: Some First Meditations on Deliverance From Error.Omar Edward Moad - 2009 - Philosophy East and West 59 (1):pp. 88-101.
    Abū Hāmid al-Ghazālī (1058–1111 c.e .) is well known, among other things, for his account, in al-Munqidh min al-ḍalāl (Deliverance from error), of a struggle with philosophical skepticism that bears a striking resemblance to that described by Descartes in the Meditations . This essay aims to give a close comparative analysis of these respective accounts, and will concentrate solely on the processes of invoking or entertaining doubt that al-Ghazālī and Descartes describe, respectively. In the process some subtle differences between them (...)
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  22.  14
    The Etching of Diamonds by Low Pressure Oxygen.M. Omar & M. Kenawi - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (19):859-863.
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  23.  18
    The Hysteresis Effect: Theorizing Mismatch in Action.Michael Strand & Omar Lizardo - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (2):164-194.
    Widespread reliance on representationalist understandings commit social scientists to either partially or totally decouple belief from reality, limiting the domain of phenomena that can be treated by belief as an analytic concept. Developing the contrastive notion of practical belief, we introduce the hysteresis effect as a situational phenomenon involving the systematic production of agent-environment mismatches and argue for its placement as a central problem for the theory of action. Revealing the dynamic, embodied conservation of belief in the temporality of practice, (...)
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  24.  26
    Compensated Living Kidney Donation: A Plea for Pragmatism. [REVIEW]Faisal Omar, Gunnar Tufveson & Stellan Welin - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (1):85-101.
    Kidney transplantation is the most efficacious and cost-effective treatment for end-stage renal disease. However, the treatment’s accessibility is limited by a chronic shortage of transplantable kidneys, resulting in the death of numerous patients worldwide as they wait for a kidney to become available. Despite the implementation of various measures the disparity between supply and needs continues to grow. This paper begins with a look at the current treatment options, including various sources of transplantable kidneys, for end-stage renal disease. We propose, (...)
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  25.  10
    Islamic Perspectives on Clinical Intervention Near the End-of-Life: We Can but Must We?Aasim I. Padela & Omar Qureshi - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (4):545-559.
    The ever-increasing technological advances of modern medicine have increased physicians’ capacity to carry out a wide array of clinical interventions near the end-of-life. These new procedures have resulted in new “types” of living where a patient’s cognitive functions are severely diminished although many physiological functions remain active. In this biomedical context, patients, surrogate decision-makers, and clinicians all struggle with decisions about what clinical interventions to pursue and when therapeutic intent should be replaced with palliative goals of care. For some patients (...)
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  26. A User’s Guide to the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism.Omar Mirza - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 141 (2):125 - 146.
    Alvin Plantinga has famously argued that metaphysical naturalism is self-defeating, and cannot be rationally accepted. I distinguish between two different ways of understanding this argument, which I call the "probabilistic inference conception", and the "process characteristic conception". I argue that the former is what critics of the argument usually presuppose, whereas most critical responses fail when one assumes the latter conception. To illustrate this, I examine three standard objections to Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism: the Perspiration Objection, the Tu Quoque (...)
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  27.  12
    Observation, Working Images and Procedure: The ‘Great Spiral’ in Lord Rosse's Astronomical Record Books and Beyond.Omar W. Nasim - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (3):353-389.
    This paper examines the interrelations between astronomical images of nebulae and their observation. In particular, using the case of the ‘Great Spiral’ , we follow this nebula beginning with its discovery and first sketch made by the third Earl of Rosse in 1845, to giving an account, using archival sources, of exactly how other images of the same object were produced over the years and stabilized within the record books of the Rosse project. It will be found that a particular (...)
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  28.  26
    Omnivorousness as the Bridging of Cultural Holes: A Measurement Strategy.Omar Lizardo - 2014 - Theory and Society 43 (3-4):395-419.
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  29.  20
    The Hysteresis Effect: Theorizing Mismatch in Action.Michael Strand & Omar Lizardo - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4).
    Widespread reliance on representationalist understandings commit social scientists to either partially or totally decouple belief from reality, limiting the domain of phenomena that can be treated by belief as an analytic concept. Developing the contrastive notion of practical belief, we introduce the hysteresis effect as a situational phenomenon involving the systematic production of agent-environment mismatches and argue for its placement as a central problem for the theory of action. Revealing the dynamic, embodied conservation of belief in the temporality of practice, (...)
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  30. The Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism.Omar Mirza - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (1):78-89.
    Metaphysical naturalism can be taken, roughly, to be the view that there is no God, and nothing beyond nature. Alvin Plantinga has argued that naturalism, in this sense, is self‐defeating. More specifically, he argues that an evolutionary account of human origins gives the naturalist compelling reasons for doubting the reliability of human cognitive faculties, and thus compelling reasons for doubting the truth of any of his beliefs, including naturalism itself. This argument, which has come to be known as the ‘evolutionary (...)
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  31.  19
    Formalism , Behavioral Realism and the Interdisciplinary Challenge in Sociological Theory.Omar Lizardo - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (1):39-80.
    In this paper, I argue that recent sociological theory has become increasingly bifurcated into two mutually incompatible styles of theorizing that I label formalist and behavioral-realist. Formalism favors mathematization and proposes an instrumentalist ontology of abstract processes while behavioral-realist theory takes at its basis the "real" physical individual endowed with concrete biological, cognitive and neurophysiological capacities and constraints and attempts to derive the proper conceptualization of social behavior from that basis. Formalism tends to lead toward a conceptually independent sociology that (...)
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  32. Segunung Budi Selautan Kenangan: Dedikasi Istimewa Untuk Profesor Emeritus Dato' Dr. Asmah Hj. Omar.Rohani MohdYusof, Noor Hasnoor Mohamad Nor, Muhammad Aidi Mat Yusof & Asmah Haji Omar (eds.) - 2009 - Akademi Pengajian Melayu, Universiti Malaya.
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  33.  5
    Beyond World Images.Michael Strand & Omar Lizardo - 2015 - Sociological Theory 33 (1):44-70.
    In this article, we outline the analytic limitations of action theories and interpretive schemes that conceive of beliefs as explicit mental representations linked to a desire-opportunity folk psychology. Drawing on pragmatism and practice theory, we recast the notion of belief as a species of habit, with pre-reflexive anticipation the primary mechanism accounting for both the formation of beliefs and their causal influence on action. We demonstrate the utility of this approach in three ways: first, by linking it with recent research (...)
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  34.  39
    The Spread of Code-Switches Into Jordanian Social Settings.Omar Ibrahim Alomoush & Mohammad Abdullah Matarneh - 2010 - Cultura 7 (2):223-233.
    The current study investigates the infiltration of code-switches into Jordanian social settings. It is also to examine Jordanians' attitudes toward the spread of code-switches in different social settings, the rationale behind the spread of code-switches, the role of media, types of code-switches and linguistic dominance. To illustrate the existence of this phenomenon, a corpus consisting of more than two hundred code-switches has been built up. Most importantly, to measure Jordanians' attitudes toward the phenomenon, more than three hundred questionnaires have been (...)
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  35.  12
    The Conceptual Bases of Metaphors of Dirt and Cleanliness in Moral and Non-Moral Reasoning.Omar Lizardo - 2012 - Cognitive Linguistics 23 (2).
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  36. Melting Lizards and Crying Mailboxes: Children's Preferential Recall of Minimally Counterintuitive Concepts.Konika Banerjee, Omar S. Haque & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (7):1251-1289.
    Previous research with adults suggests that a catalog of minimally counterintuitive concepts, which underlies supernatural or religious concepts, may constitute a cognitive optimum and is therefore cognitively encoded and culturally transmitted more successfully than either entirely intuitive concepts or maximally counterintuitive concepts. This study examines whether children's concept recall similarly is sensitive to the degree of conceptual counterintuitiveness (operationalized as a concept's number of ontological domain violations) for items presented in the context of a fictional narrative. Seven- to nine-year-old children (...)
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  37. Nominal Definitions of 'Culture'.Omar Khayyam Moore - 1952 - Philosophy of Science 19 (4):245-256.
  38.  29
    Advocating Sovereignty in an Age of Globalization.Omar Dahbour - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (1):108-126.
  39.  98
    Racial Profiling and a Reasonable Sense of Inferior Political Status.Adam Omar Hosein - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (3):1-20.
    This paper presents a novel framework for evaluating racial profiling, including 'rational profiling' that does in fact decrease crime rates. It argues that while profiling some groups, such as African Americans and Muslims, is impermissible, profiling others, such as white men, may be permissible. The historical and sociological context matters significantly. Along the way, the paper develops a new theory of what expressive harms are, why they matter, and when it is the responsibility of the state to correct them.
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  40.  28
    The ‘Landmark’ and ‘Groundwork’ of Stars: John Herschel, Photography and the Drawing of Nebulae.Omar W. Nasim - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):67-84.
    This paper argues for continuity in purpose and specific results between some hand drawn nebulae, especially those ‘descriptive maps’ by John F. W. Herschel and E. P. Mason in the late 1830s, and the first photographs made of the nebulae in the 1880s. Using H. H. Turners’ explication in 1904 of the three great advantages of astrophotography, the paper concludes that to some extent Herschel’s and Mason’s hand-drawings of the nebulae were meant to achieve the same kinds of results. This (...)
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  41.  73
    Three Models of Global Community.Omar Dahbour - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):201-224.
    Debates about global justice tend to assume normative models of global community without justifying them explicitly. These models are divided between those that advocate a borderless world and those that emphasize the self-sufficiency of smaller political communities. In the first case, there are conceptions of a community of trade and a community of law. In the second case, there are ideas of a community of nation-states and of a community of autonomous communities. The nation-state model, however, is not easily justified (...)
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  42.  41
    Artificial Decision-Making and Artificial Ethics: A Management Concern. [REVIEW]Omar E. M. Khalil - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (4):313 - 321.
    Expert systems are knowledge-based information systems which are expected to have human attributes in order to replicate human capacity in ethical decision making. An expert system functions by virtue of its information, its inferential rules, and its decision criteria, each of which may be problematic. This paper addresses three basic reasons for ethical concern when using the currently available expert systems in a decisions-making capacity. These reasons are (1) expert systems' lack of human intelligence, (2) expert systems' lack of emotions (...)
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  43.  17
    An Introduction to The Problems_ [David Mills Daniel and Megan Daniel, _Briefly: Russell’s The Problems of Philosophy].Omar Nasim - 2010 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 30 (2).
  44.  40
    Fight Club, or the Cultural Contradictions of Late Capitalism.Omar Lizardo - 2007 - Journal for Cultural Research 11 (3):221-243.
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  45.  8
    In Uruguay, an Ethic of Care for the Dying.Omar França - 1988 - Hastings Center Report 18 (4):21-22.
  46.  21
    A User’s Guide to the Evolutionary Argument Against Naturalism.Omar Mirza - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 141 (2):125-146.
    Alvin Plantinga has famously argued that metaphysical naturalism is self-defeating, and cannot be rationally accepted. I distinguish between two different ways of understanding this argument, which I call the "probabilistic inference conception", and the "process characteristic conception". I argue that the former is what critics of the argument usually presuppose, whereas most critical responses fail when one assumes the latter conception. To illustrate this, I examine three standard objections to Plantinga's evolutionary argument against naturalism: the Perspiration Objection, the Tu Quoque (...)
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  47. Ethical Issues of the Human Genome Project.M. Nizam Isa - 2002 - In Abu Bakar Abdul Majeed (ed.), Bioethics: Ethics in the Biotechnology Century. Institute of Islamic Understanding Malaysia.
  48.  33
    The Response to Terrorism: Moral Condemnation or Ethical Judgment?Omar Dahbour - 2005 - Philosophical Forum 36 (1):87–95.
  49.  51
    Finding Treasures: Is the Community of Philosophical Inquiry a Methodology?Walter Omar Kohan & Magda Costa Carvalho - 2019 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 38 (3):275-289.
    In the world of Philosophy for Children, the word “method” is found frequently in its literature and in its practitioner’s handbooks. This paper focuses on the idea of community of philosophical inquiry as P4C’s methodological framework for educational purposes, and evaluates that framework and those purposes in light of the question, what does it mean to bring children and philosophy together, and what methodological framework, if any, is appropriate to that project? Our broader aim is to highlight a problem with (...)
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  50.  13
    Al-Ghazali’s Occasionalism and the Natures of Creatures.Omar Edward Moad - 2005 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 58 (2):95-101.
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