Results for 'Noah Laurence'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. In Search of Humanity: Essays in Honor of Clifford Orwin.Ryan Balot, Timothy W. Burns, Paul A. Cantor, Brent Edwin Cusher, Hugh Donald Forbes, Steven Forde, Bryan-Paul Frost, Kenneth Hart Green, Ran Halévi, L. Joseph Hebert, Henry Higuera, Robert Howse, Seth N. Jaffe, Michael S. Kochin, Noah Laurence, Mark L. Lutz, Arthur M. Melzer, Miguel Morgado, Waller R. Newell, Michael Palmer, Lorraine Smith Pangle, Thomas L. Pangle, William B. Parsons, Marc F. Plattner, Linda R. Rabieh, Andrea Radasanu, Michael Rosano & Nathan Tarcov (eds.) - 2015 - Lexington Books.
    This collection of essays, offered in honor of the distinguished career of prominent political philosophy professor Clifford Orwin, brings together internationally renowned scholars to provide a wide context and discuss various aspects of the virtue of “humanity” through the history of political philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. Introduction to Ethics: An Open Educational Resource, Collected and Edited by Noah Levin.Noah Levin, Nathan Nobis, David Svolba, Brandon Wooldridge, Kristina Grob, Eduardo Salazar, Benjamin Davies, Jonathan Spelman, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Kristin Seemuth Whaley, Jan F. Jacko & Prabhpal Singh (eds.) - 2019 - Huntington Beach, California: N.G.E Far Press.
    Collected and edited by Noah Levin -/- Table of Contents: -/- UNIT ONE: INTRODUCTION TO CONTEMPORARY ETHICS: TECHNOLOGY, AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, AND IMMIGRATION 1 The “Trolley Problem” and Self-Driving Cars: Your Car’s Moral Settings (Noah Levin) 2 What is Ethics and What Makes Something a Problem for Morality? (David Svolba) 3 Letter from the Birmingham City Jail (Martin Luther King, Jr) 4 A Defense of Affirmative Action (Noah Levin) 5 The Moral Issues of Immigration (B.M. Wooldridge) 6 The (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3. Knowledge and Implicature: Modeling Language Understanding as Social Cognition.Noah D. Goodman & Andreas Stuhlmüller - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (1):173-184.
    Is language understanding a special case of social cognition? To help evaluate this view, we can formalize it as the rational speech-act theory: Listeners assume that speakers choose their utterances approximately optimally, and listeners interpret an utterance by using Bayesian inference to “invert” this model of the speaker. We apply this framework to model scalar implicature (“some” implies “not all,” and “N” implies “not more than N”). This model predicts an interaction between the speaker's knowledge state and the listener's interpretation. (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  4.  22
    A Natural History of Negation.Laurence Horn - 1989 - University of Chicago Press.
    This book offers a unique synthesis of past and current work on the structure, meaning, and use of negation and negative expressions, a topic that has engaged thinkers from Aristotle and the Buddha to Freud and Chomsky. Horn's masterful study melds a review of scholarship in philosophy, psychology, and linguistics with original research, providing a full picture of negation in natural language and thought; this new edition adds a comprehensive preface and bibliography, surveying research since the book's original publication.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   281 citations  
  5.  7
    Nietzsche 's Teaching: An Interpretation of Thus Spoke Zarathustra.Laurence Lampert - 1986 - Yale University Press.
    The first comprehensive interpretation of Nietzsche’s _Thus Spoke Zarathustra_—an important and difficult text and the only book Nietzsche ever wrote with characters, events, setting, and a plot. Laurence Lampert’s chapter-by-chapter commentary on Nietzsche’s magnum opus clarifies not only _Zarathustra’s_ narrative structure but also the development of Nietzsche’s thinking as a whole. “An impressive piece of scholarship. Insofar as it solves the riddle of _Zarathustra_ in an unprecedented fashion, this study serves as an invaluable resource for all serious students of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  6.  12
    Pragmatic Language Interpretation as Probabilistic Inference.Noah D. Goodman & Michael C. Frank - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (11):818-829.
  7. The Structure of Empirical Knowledge.Laurence BonJour - 1985 - Harvard University Press.
    1 Knowledge and Justification This book is an investigation of one central problem which arises in the attempt to give a philosophical account of empirical ...
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   710 citations  
  8.  66
    Intrinsic Value: Concept and Warrant.Noah M. Lemos - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book addresses some basic questions about intrinsic value: What is it? What has it? What justifies our beliefs about it? In the first six chapters the author defends the existence of a plurality of intrinsic goods, the thesis of organic unities, the view that some goods are 'higher' than others, and the view that intrinsic value can be explicated in terms of 'fitting' emotional attitudes. The final three chapters explore the justification of our beliefs about intrinsic value, including coherence (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   79 citations  
  9.  7
    Rationality and Affectivity: The Metaphysics of the Moral Self*: Laurence Thomas.Laurence Thomas - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (2):154-172.
    There is a way of doing moral philosophy which goes something like this: If it can be shown that it is rational for perfectly selfish people to accept the constraints of morality, then it will follow, a fortiori, that it is rational for people capable of affective bonds, and thus less selfish, to do so. On this way of proceeding the real argument – that is, the argument for the actual constraints to be adopted – proceeds with only fully rational (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  85
    Common Sense: A Contemporary Defense.Noah Lemos - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this 2004 book, Noah Lemos presents a strong defense of the common sense tradition, the view that we may take as data for philosophical inquiry many of the things we ordinarily think we know. He discusses the main features of that tradition as expounded by Thomas Reid, G. E. Moore and Roderick Chisholm. For a long time common sense philosophers have been subject to two main objections: that they fail to give any non-circular argument for the reliability of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  11.  8
    A Rational Analysis of Rule-Based Concept Learning.Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Jacob Feldman & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (1):108-154.
  12.  5
    Learning a Theory of Causality.Noah D. Goodman, Tomer D. Ullman & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (1):110-119.
    No categories
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  13. An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge.Noah Lemos - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Epistemology or the theory of knowledge is one of the cornerstones of analytic philosophy, and this book provides a clear and accessible introduction to the subject. It discusses some of the main theories of justification, including foundationalism, coherentism, reliabilism, and virtue epistemology. Other topics include the Gettier problem, internalism and externalism, skepticism, the problem of epistemic circularity, the problem of the criterion, a priori knowledge, and naturalized epistemology. Intended primarily for students taking a first class in epistemology, this lucid and (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  14. Epistemic Justification: Internalism Vs. Externalism, Foundations Vs. Virtues.Laurence BonJour & Ernest Sosa - 2003 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Ever since Plato it has been thought that one knows only if one's belief hits the mark of truth and does so with adequate justification. The issues debated by Laurence BonJour and Ernest Sosa concern mostly the nature and conditions of such epistemic justification, and its place in our understanding of human knowledge. Presents central issues pertaining to internalism vs. externalism and foundationalism vs. virtue epistemology in the form of a philosophical debate. Introduces students to fundamental questions within epistemology (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   88 citations  
  15. In Defense of Pure Reason.Laurence BonJour - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    A comprehensive defence of the rationalist view that insight independent of experience is a genuine basis for knowledge.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   215 citations  
  16.  62
    English Rise-Fall-Rise: A Study in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Intonation. [REVIEW]Noah Constant - 2012 - Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (5):407-442.
    This paper provides a semantic analysis of English rise-fall-rise (RFR) intonation as a focus quantifier over assertable alternative propositions. I locate RFR meaning in the conventional implicature dimension, and propose that its effect is calculated late within a dynamic model. With a minimum of machinery, this account captures disambiguation and scalar effects, as well as interactions with other focus operators like ‘only’ and clefts. Double focus data further support the analysis, and lead to a rejection of Ward and Hirschberg’s (Language (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  17. Externalist Theories of Empirical Knowledge.Laurence Bonjour - 1980 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 5 (1):53-73.
    One of the many problems that would have t o be solved by a satisfactory theory of empirical knowledge, perhaps the most central is a general structural problem which I shall call the epistemic regress problem: the problem of how to avoid an in- finite and presumably vicious regress of justification in ones account of the justifica- tion of empirical beliefs. Foundationalist theories of empirical knowledge, as we shall see further below, attempt t o avoid the regress by locating a (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   236 citations  
  18.  10
    Transfinite Recursion in Higher Reverse Mathematics.Noah Schweber - 2015 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 80 (3):940-969.
  19.  2
    Epistemology: Classic Problems and Contemporary Responses.Laurence BonJour - 2009 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In Epistemology, Laurence Bonjour introduces the serious philosophy student to the history and concepts of epistemology, while simultaneously challenging them to take an active part in its ongoing debates. The text reflects BonJour's conviction that the place to start any discussion of the theories of knowledge is with the classical problems, beginning with and centered around Descartes.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   32 citations  
  20.  20
    Universals and Scientific Realism.Laurence Goldstein - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (117):360-362.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   66 citations  
  21. In Defense of Pure Reason: A Rationalist Account of a Priori Justification.Laurence BonJour - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is concerned with the alleged capacity of the human mind to arrive at beliefs and knowledge about the world on the basis of pure reason without any dependence on sensory experience. Most recent philosophers reject the view and argue that all substantive knowledge must be sensory in origin. Laurence BonJour provocatively reopens the debate by presenting the most comprehensive exposition and defence of the rationalist view that a priori insight is a genuine basis for knowledge. This important (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  22.  17
    Using Behavioural Insights to Promote Food Waste Recycling in Urban Households—Evidence From a Longitudinal Field Experiment.Noah Linder, Therese Lindahl & Sara Borgström - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  23. Cause and Intent: Social Reasoning in Causal Learning.Noah D. Goodman, Chris L. Baker & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2759--2764.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  24. Radical Concept Nativism.Stephen Laurence & Eric Margolis - 2002 - Cognition 86 (1):25-55.
    Radical concept nativism is the thesis that virtually all lexical concepts are innate. Notoriously endorsed by Jerry Fodor (1975, 1981), radical concept nativism has had few supporters. However, it has proven difficult to say exactly what’s wrong with Fodor’s argument. We show that previous responses are inadequate on a number of grounds. Chief among these is that they typically do not achieve sufficient distance from Fodor’s dialectic, and, as a result, they do not illuminate the central question of how new (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   43 citations  
  25.  9
    Social Status and Gene Regulation: Conservation and Context Dependence in Primates.Noah D. Simons & Jenny Tung - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (9):722-725.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  62
    One and Done? Optimal Decisions From Very Few Samples.Edward Vul, Noah Goodman, Thomas L. Griffiths & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (4):599-637.
    In many learning or inference tasks human behavior approximates that of a Bayesian ideal observer, suggesting that, at some level, cognition can be described as Bayesian inference. However, a number of findings have highlighted an intriguing mismatch between human behavior and standard assumptions about optimality: People often appear to make decisions based on just one or a few samples from the appropriate posterior probability distribution, rather than using the full distribution. Although sampling-based approximations are a common way to implement Bayesian (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (12 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  27. Handbook of Pragmatics.Laurence R. Horn & Gregory Ward (eds.) - 2004 - Blackwell.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  28.  26
    Predicate-Functors and the Limits of Decidability in Logic.Aris Noah - 1980 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 21 (4):701-707.
  29.  13
    The Border Wars: A Neo-Gricean Perspective.Laurence R. Horn - manuscript
  30.  26
    Clear and Queer Thinking: Wittgenstein's Development and His Relevance to Modern Thought.Laurence Goldstein - 1999 - Duckworth.
    Laurence Goldstein gives a straightforward and lively account of some of the central themes of Wittgenstein's writings on meaning, mind, and mathematics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  31. Epistemology: Classic Problems and Contemporary Responses.Laurence Bonjour - 2009 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Introduction -- Part I: The classical problems of epistemology -- Descartes's epistemology -- The concept of knowledge -- The problem of induction -- A priori justification and knowledge -- Immediate experience -- Knowledge of the external world -- Some further epistemological issues : other minds, testimony, and memory -- Part II: Contemporary responses to the cartesian epistemological program -- Introduction to part II -- Foundationalism and coherentism -- Internalism and externalism -- Quine and naturalized epistemology -- Knowledge and skepticism.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   52 citations  
  32. The Structure and Dynamics of Scientific Theories: A Hierarchical Bayesian Perspective.Leah Henderson, Noah D. Goodman, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & James F. Woodward - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (2):172-200.
    Hierarchical Bayesian models (HBMs) provide an account of Bayesian inference in a hierarchically structured hypothesis space. Scientific theories are plausibly regarded as organized into hierarchies in many cases, with higher levels sometimes called ‘paradigms’ and lower levels encoding more specific or concrete hypotheses. Therefore, HBMs provide a useful model for scientific theory change, showing how higher‐level theory change may be driven by the impact of evidence on lower levels. HBMs capture features described in the Kuhnian tradition, particularly the idea that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  33. Punny Logic.Noah Greenstein - 2015 - Analysis 75 (3):359-362.
    Logic and humour tend to be mutually exclusive topics. Humour plays off ambiguity, while classical logic falters over it. Formalizing puns is therefore impossible, since puns have ambiguous meanings for their components. However, I will use Independence-Friendly logic to formally encode the multiple meanings within a pun. This will show a general strategy of how to logically represent ambiguity and reveals humour as an untapped source of novel logical structure.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34.  6
    “ Accoucheur of Literature”: Joseph Banks and the Philosophical Transactions, 1778–1820.Noah Moxham - 2020 - Centaurus 62 (1):21-37.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  35.  63
    Summation, Variety, and Indeterminate Value.Noah Lemos - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (1):33-44.
    In this paper, I consider two sorts of objections to summative theories of value. The first objection concerns “indeterminate” value. The second concerns the importance of variety. I argue that both objections pose serious problems for the summative approach. I also argue that if we accept certain plausible views about the value of variety, we should reject certain forms of argument concerning what sorts of states have intrinsic value.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  36.  85
    A Defense of Organic Unities.Noah Lemos - 2015 - The Journal of Ethics 19 (2):125-141.
    In this essay, I defend the Moorean position on organic unities. I will present some plausible examples of organic unites and consider some objections to them. In particular, I will consider an objection from evaluative inadequacy and an objection from Holism or Conditionalism. I will also examine one line of criticism that claims the Moorean position is incoherent.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  37. Cognitive and Affective Development in Adolescence.Laurence Steinberg - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (2):69-74.
  38.  26
    Judaism and Science: A Historical Introduction.Noah J. Efron - 2007 - Greenwood Press.
    The sages of Israel and natural wisdom -- Jews and natural philosophy -- Jews and science.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  39.  22
    Epistemology and Ethics.Noah Lemos - 2002 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 479--512.
    In ”Epistemology and Ethics,” Noah Lemos suggests that moral epistemology is mainly concerned with “whether and how we can have knowledge or justified belief” about moral issues. After addressing skeptical arguments, he considers how the moral epistemologist and moral philosopher should begin their account of moral knowledge. Lemos favors a particularist approach whereby we begin with instances of moral knowledge and use these to formulate and evaluate criteria for moral knowledge. After relating his approach to concerns about the nature (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  40.  64
    Higher Goods and the Myth of Tithonus.Noah M. Lemos - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (9):482-496.
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  41.  17
    Iq and Socioeconomic Development Across Regions of the Uk.Noah Carl - 2016 - Journal of Biosocial Science 48 (3):406-417.
    SummaryCross-regional correlations between average IQ and socioeconomic development have been documented in many different countries. This paper presents new IQ estimates for the twelve regions of the UK. These are weakly correlated with the regional IQs assembled by Lynn. Assuming the two sets of estimates are accurate and comparable, this finding suggests that the relative IQs of different UK regions have changed since the 1950s, most likely due to differentials in the magnitude of the Flynn effect, the selectivity of external (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  42.  41
    No Interpretation Without Representation: The Role of Domain-Specific Representations and Inferences in the Wason Selection Task.Laurence Fiddick, Leda Cosmides & John Tooby - 2000 - Cognition 77 (1):1-79.
  43.  3
    Practical Reasoning.Noah Lemos - 1992 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (4):998-1001.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  44. The Myth of Knowledge.Laurence BonJour - 2010 - Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1):57-83.
  45. Behaviorism And Logical Positivism: A Reassessment Of The Alliance.Laurence D. Smith - 1986 - Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    ONE Introduction The history of psychology in the twentieth century is a story of the divorce and remarriage of psychology and philosophy. ...
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   25 citations  
  46. Can Empirical Knowledge Have a Foundation?Laurence BonJour - 1978 - American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (1):1-14.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   82 citations  
  47.  24
    How Do Firms Comply with International Sustainability Standards? Processes and Consequences of Adopting the Global Reporting Initiative.Laurence Vigneau, Michael Humphreys & Jeremy Moon - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (2):469-486.
    This paper addresses the issue of the influence of global governance institutions, particularly international sustainability standards, on a firm’s intra-organizational practices. More precisely, we provide an exploratory empirical view of the impact of the Global Reporting Initiative on a multinational corporation’s corporate social responsibility management practices. We investigate standard compliance by comparing the stated intention of the use of the GRI with its actual use and the consequent effects within the firm. Based on an in-depth case study, our findings illustrate (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  48.  71
    Organic Unities.Noah Lemos - 1998 - The Journal of Ethics 2 (4):321-337.
    I defend the view that there are organic unities mainly by presenting examples of organic unities. I also defend the view against two objections. The first objection appeals to the notion of an evaluatively incomplete state of affairs. The second objection holds that the intrinsic value of a state of affairs can be different in different contexts. I argue that neither objection provides a compelling reason for rejecting these examples.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  49.  81
    Marketing Dataveillance and Digital Privacy: Using Theories of Justice to Understand Consumers' Online Privacy Concerns. [REVIEW]Laurence Ashworth & Clinton Free - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (2):107 - 123.
    Technology used in online marketing has advanced to a state where collection, enhancement and aggregation of information are instantaneous. This proliferation of customer information focused technology brings with it a host of issues surrounding customer privacy. This article makes two key contributions to the debate concerning digital privacy. First, we use theories of justice to help understand the way consumers conceive of, and react to, privacy concerns. Specifically, it is argued that an important component of consumers’ privacy concerns relates to (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  50. Internalism and Externalism.Laurence BonJour - 2002 - In Paul K. Moser (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology. Oxford University Press. pp. 234--264.
    In “Internalism and Externalism,” Laurence BonJour suggests that the contemporary epistemological debate over internalism and externalism concerns the formulation of the justification or warrant condition in an account of knowledge. The internalist requires that for a belief to meet this condition, all of the necessary elements must be cognitively accessible to the believer, whereas the externalist claims that at least some such elements do not need to be accessible to the believer. BonJour gives an overview of this dispute. He (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000