Results for 'Non-existence'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Non-Existent Objects and Epistemological Ontology.William J. Rapaport - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):61-95.
    This essay examines the role of non-existent objects in "epistemological ontology" — the study of the entities that make thinking possible. An earlier revision of Meinong's Theory of Objects is reviewed, Meinong's notions of Quasisein and Außersein are discussed, and a theory of Meinongian objects as "combinatorially possible" entities is presented.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  2.  71
    The Non-Existence of God.Nicholas Everitt - 2003 - Routledge London.
    Is it possible to prove or disprove God's existence? Arguments for the existence of God have taken many different forms over the centuries: in The Non-Existence of God, Nicholas Everitt considers all of the arguments and examines the role that reason and knowledge play in the debate over God's existence. He draws on recent scientific disputes over neo-Darwinism, the implication of 'big bang' cosmology, and the temporal and spatial size of the universe; and discusses some of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  3.  11
    The Non-Existence of the Real World.Jan Westerhoff - 2020 - Oxford University Press.
    Does the real world, defined as a world of objects that exist independent of human interests, concerns, and cognitive activities, really exist? Jan Westerhoff argues that we have good reason to believe it does not. His discussion considers four main facets of the idea of the real world, ranging from the existence of a separate external and internal world, to the existence of an ontological foundation that grounds the existence of all the entities in the world, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  4.  71
    Non-Existent Objects and Epistemological Ontology.William J. Rapaport - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):61-95.
    This essay examines the role of non-existent objects in "epistemological ontology" — the study of the entities that make thinking possible. An earlier revision of Meinong's Theory of Objects is reviewed, Meinong's notions of Quasisein and Außersein are discussed, and a theory of Meinongian objects as "combinatorially possible" entities is presented.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  5.  6
    The Non‐Existent and the Vaguely Existing.Timothy H. Pickavance & Robert C. Koons - 2017 - In The Atlas of Reality. Wiley. pp. 253–280.
    This chapter focuses on two clusters of questions concerning existence. The first cluster concerns the scope of existence, examining how wide the domain of existing things is and whether it encompass absolutely everything. The second cluster concerns vagueness and indeterminacy, explaining whether vague things and vague categories of things are there or all vagueness is a matter of referring indifferently to a large number of absolutely precise things and showing the ultimate source of vagueness. There are two theories (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6.  42
    The non-existence of institutional facts.Friedrich Christoph Dörge & Matthias Holweger - 2021 - Synthese 199: 4953–4974.
    That certain paper bills have monetary value, that Vladimir Putin is the president of Russia, and that Prince Philip is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II: such facts are commonly called ‘institutional facts’. IFF are, by definition, facts that exist by virtue of collective recognition. The standard view or tacit belief is that such facts really exist. In this paper we argue, however, that they really do not—they really are just well-established illusions. We confront realism about IFF with six criteria (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7.  54
    Characterizing Non-existents.Frederick Kroon - 1996 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 51 (1):163-193.
    Consider predicates like 'is a fictional character' and 'is a mythical object'. Since their ascription entails a corresponding Negative Existential claim, call these 'NE-characterizing predicates'. Objectualists such as Parsons, Sylvan, van Inwagen, and Zalta think that NE-characterizing properties are genuine properties of genuinely non-existent objects. But how, then, to make room for statements like 'Vulcan is a failed posit' and 'that little green man is a trick of the light'? The predicates involved seem equally NE-characterizing yet on the surface fail (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  8. Non-Existent Objects and Epistemological Ontology.William J. Rapaport - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25-26 (1):61-95.
    This essay examines the role of non-existent objects in "epistemological ontology"--the study of the entities that make thinking possible. An earlier revision of Meinong's Theory of Objects is reviewed, Meinong's notions of Quasisein and Aussersein are discussed, and a theory of Meinongian objects as "combinatorially possible" entities is presented.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9. The Non-Existence of God.Nicholas Everitt - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (221):692-693.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  10. The Non-Existence of God.Nicholas Everitt - 2007 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 61 (2):127-129.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  11. The Non-existence of Ontological Categories: A defence of Lowe.J. T. M. Miller - 2016 - Metaphysica 17 (2).
    This paper addresses the ontological status of the ontological categories as defended within E.J. Lowe’s four-category ontology (kinds, objects, properties/relations, and modes). I consider the arguments in Griffith (2015. “Do Ontological Categories Exist?” Metaphysica 16 (1):25–35) against Lowe’s claim that ontological categories do not exist, and argue that Griffith’s objections to Lowe do not work once we fully take advantage of ontological resources available within Lowe’s four-category ontology. I then argue that the claim that ontological categories do not exist has (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  48
    “The (Non)-Existence of Molinist Counterfactuals”.William Hasker - 2011 - In Ken Perszyk (ed.), Molinism: The Contemporary Debate. Oxford University Press. pp. 25--37.
  13.  35
    Non-Existent Objects.Kit Fine - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 45 (1):95-142.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  14.  27
    The Non-Existing Object Revisited: Meinong as the Link between Husserl and Russell?Peter Andras Varga - 2016 - In Marian David & Mauro Antonelli (eds.), Existence, Fiction, Assumption: Meinongian Themes and the History of Austrian Philosophy. De Gruyter. pp. 27-58.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15. Past and Future Non-Existence.Jens Johansson - 2013 - The Journal of Ethics 17 (1-2):51-64.
    According to the “deprivation approach,” a person’s death is bad for her to the extent that it deprives her of goods. This approach faces the Lucretian problem that prenatal non-existence deprives us of goods just as much as death does, but does not seem bad at all. The two most prominent responses to this challenge—one of which is provided by Frederik Kaufman (inspired by Thomas Nagel) and the other by Anthony Brueckner and John Martin Fischer—claim that prenatal non-existence (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  16. Creating non-existents.Graham Priest - 2011 - In Franck Lihoreau (ed.), Truth in Fiction. Ontos Verlag.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  17.  75
    Prenatal and Posthumous Non-Existence: A Reply to Johansson.John Martin Fischer & Anthony L. Brueckner - 2014 - The Journal of Ethics 18 (1):1-9.
    We have argued that it is rational to have asymmetric attitudes toward prenatal and posthumous non-existence insofar as this asymmetry is a special case of a more general (and arguably rational) asymmetry in our attitudes toward past and future pleasures. Here we respond to an interesting critique of our view by Jens Johansson. We contend that his critique involves a crucial and illicit switch in temporal perspectives in the process of considering modal claims (sending us to other possible worlds).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  18.  15
    Concerning Non-Existence.Melvin M. Schuster - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (3):521 - 527.
    First it will be necessary to examine the argument, and the meaning of the argument, by which Mr. Ingram-Pearson is led to uphold such an unusual position. Using the statement, "fairies do not exist," as his example, he observes: "In order to achieve its obvious status as a denial this statement must have some object of reference for its subject term; for denials which are denials of nothing are not denials in any sense at all." What, then, is the designate (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  57
    The Non-Existence of the Real World by Jan Westerhoff.Ricki Bliss - 2021 - Philosophy East and West 71 (3):1-7.
    Commitment to the idea that there is something real can be found in a variety of different places, perhaps the most obvious expressions of which are in the ideas that there is a real world outside our heads, an external world, and that we ourselves are surely real. In addition to these somewhat quotidian commitments, philosophers also find homes for the real in more abstract, theoretical locations--chief amongst them being that the world contains something fundamental, the reals, and that there (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  65
    Existence, Non-Existence, and Predication.Herbert Hochberg - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):235-267.
    Two connected themes have been at the core of the old perplexity regarding thinking and speaking about non-existent objects. One involves a question of reference. Can we refer to non-existent objects without, thereby, recognizing, in some sense, non-existent entities as objects of reference? The other involves a question about existence. Is existence a property representable by a predicate in a logically adequate symbohsm? It is argued (1) that existence is not to be construed as an attribute represented (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  7
    Existence, Non-Existence, and Predication.Herbert Hochberg - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):235-267.
    Two connected themes have been at the core of the old perplexity regarding thinking and speaking about non-existent objects. One involves a question of reference. Can we refer to non-existent objects without, thereby, recognizing, in some sense, non-existent entities as objects of reference? The other involves a question about existence. Is existence a property representable by a predicate in a logically adequate symbohsm? It is argued (1) that existence is not to be construed as an attribute represented (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  1
    Existence, Non-Existence, and Predication.Herbert Hochberg - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25-26 (1):235-267.
    Two connected themes have been at the core of the old perplexity regarding thinking and speaking about non-existent objects. One involves a question of reference. Can we refer to non-existent objects without, thereby, recognizing, in some sense, non-existent entities as objects of reference? The other involves a question about existence. Is existence a property representable by a predicate in a logically adequate symbohsm? It is argued (1) that existence is not to be construed as an attribute represented (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. The non-existence of a principle of natural selection.Abner Shimony - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (3):255-273.
    The theory of natural selection is a rich systematization of biological knowledge without a first principle. When formulations of a proposed principle of natural selection are examined carefully, each is seen to be exhaustively analyzable into a proposition about sources of fitness and a proposition about consequences of fitness. But whenever the fitness of an organic variety is well defined in a given biological situation, its sources are local contingencies together with the background of laws from disciplines other than the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  24.  15
    Non-existent Things as Subject of Inference in Bhāviveka’s Dacheng Zhangzhen Lun.Lai Yan Fong - 2019 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 47 (4):795-810.
    This paper is a preliminary study of Bhāviveka’s Svātantrika-Mādhyamika justifications for taking non-existent things as the subject of an inference, based on his Dacheng Zhangzhen Lun. Bhāviveka’s treatment of inference is similar to that of Dignāga in that the subject is required to be existent. Bhāviveka also holds that, in a conventional sense, words refer to universals and to the existent entities that possess them, while the two are cognised together. However, in his inference for the unreality of unconditioned things, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  25
    The Reality of the Non-Existent Object of Thought.Fedor Benevich - 2018 - Oxford Studies in Medieval Philosophy 6 (1).
    One of the most widespread claims combining epistemology and metaphysics in post-Avicennian Islamic philosophy was that every object of thought is real. In Muʿtazilite reading, it was endorsed due to a theory of knowledge which states that knowledge is a connection or relation between the knower and the object known. Avicennists accepted it due to the rule that in a proposition “s is p” if p is something positive s has to be positive and real too. Hence, insofar as one (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  26.  10
    Non-Existence and Reid's Conception of Conceiving.Marian David - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):585-599.
    Brentano's famous thesis of the Intentionality of the Mental was already formulated by Thomas Reid who used it in his campaign against the Locke-Berkeley-Hume Theory of Ideas. Apphed to the case of conceiving the thesis says that to conceive is to conceive something. This principle stands in apparent conflict with the common-sensical view, defended by Reid, that we can conceive what does not exist. Both principles, it is argued, are plausible and should be retained. The problem is how to resolve (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27.  37
    Non-Existent Objects: Recent Work on Brentano and Meinong.Reinhardt Grossmann - 1969 - American Philosophical Quarterly 6 (1):17 - 32.
  28. Hardcore Actualism and Possible Non‐Existence.Samuel Kimpton-Nye - 2018 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):122-131.
    According to hardcore actualism (HA), all modal truths are grounded in the concrete constituents of the actual world. In this paper, I discuss some problems faced by HA when it comes to accounting for certain alleged possibilities of non‐existence. I focus particular attention on Leech (2017)'s dilemma for HA, according to which HA must either sacrifice extensional correctness or admit mere possibilia. I propose a solution to Leech's dilemma, which relies on a distinction between weak and strong possibility. It (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  29.  42
    Non-Existence and Reid's Conception of Conceiving.Marian David - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 25 (1):585-599.
    Brentano's famous thesis of the Intentionality of the Mental was already formulated by Thomas Reid who used it in his campaign against the Locke-Berkeley-Hume Theory of Ideas. Apphed to the case of conceiving the thesis says that to conceive is to conceive something. This principle stands in apparent conflict with the common-sensical view, defended by Reid, that we can conceive what does not exist. Both principles, it is argued, are plausible and should be retained. The problem is how to resolve (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  30.  32
    Non-existence does not exist.R. Routley - 1970 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 11 (3):289-320.
  31.  9
    On Appeals to Non-existent Authorities as Arguments from Analogy.Martin Hinton - 2021 - Informal Logic 41 (4):579-606.
    Herein, I consider arguments resting on an appeal to a non-existent authority as a species of argument from authority, and ultimately show them to be reliant on arguments from analogy in their inferential force. Three sub-types of argument are discussed: from authorities as yet unborn, no longer living, or incapable of ever doing so. In each case it is shown that an element of arguing from analogy is required since there can be no direct evidence of any assertions of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  4
    On Appeals to Non-existent Authorities as Arguments from Analogy.Martin Hinton - 2021 - Informal Logic 42 (3):579-606.
    Herein, I consider arguments resting on an appeal to a non-existent authority as a species of argument from authority, and ultimately show them to be reliant on arguments from analogy in their inferential force. Three sub-types of argument are discussed: from authorities as yet unborn, no longer living, or incapable of ever doing so. In each case it is shown that an element of arguing from analogy is required since there can be no direct evidence of any assertions of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33. The non-existence of “inference claims”.Gilbert Edward Plumer - 2019 - In Bart Garssen, David Godden, Gordon R. Mitchell & Jean H. M. Wagemans (eds.), Proceedings of the Ninth Conference of the International Society for the Study of Argumentation (ISSA). [Amsterdam, July 3-6, 2018.]. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Sic Sat. pp. 913-918.
    Some believe that all arguments make an implicit “inference claim” that the conclusion is inferable from the premises (e.g., Bermejo-Luque, Grennan, the Groarkes, Hitchcock, Scriven). I try to show that this is confused. An act of arguing arises because an inference can be attributed to us, not a meta-level “inference claim” that would make the argument self-referential and regressive. I develop six (other) possible explanations of the popularity of the doctrine that similarly identify confusions.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  60
    The Non-existence of Matter.C. E. M. Joad - 1928 - Philosophy 3 (12):495-.
    It is probably true to say that the majority of philosophers have considered the universe to be mental. If the universe is really mental, it follows that matter cannot be quite real, and many philosophers have in fact brought forward cogent reasons for regarding matter as in some sense illusory. Those who hold this view are called Idealists. Idealism has historically assumed a number of different forms, between some of which there is little in common, but all forms of Idealism (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  10
    Knowing Non-existent Natures: A Problem for Aquinas’s Semantics of Essence.Turner C. Nevitt - 2023 - In Joshua P. Hochschild, Turner C. Nevitt, Adam Wood & Gábor Borbély (eds.), Metaphysics Through Semantics: The Philosophical Recovery of the Medieval Mind / Essays in Honor of Gyula Klima. Springer Verlag. pp. 119-132.
    Aquinas considers the questions “Does it exist?” and “What is it?” basic to any science in Aristotle’s sense. In his early works, Aquinas claims that we can answer the second question without answering the first, knowing a thing’s essence without knowing whether it exists. This claim is part of a famous argument for the real distinction between essence and existence in creatures, and for the existence of God. But in his later commentaries on Aristotle, Aquinas appears to abandon (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  77
    The Non-Existent God: Transcendence, Humanity, and Ethics in the Philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas.Donald L. Turner & Ford Turrell - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (3-4):375 - 382.
    This paper considers three essential gestures in Levinas’s theology, highlighting in each case how Levinas’s thinking allows him to either incorporate or sidestep some of the fiercest modern criticisms of traditional theism. First, we present Levinas’s vision of divine transcendence, outlining his ontological atheism and explaining how this obviates proving the existence of God and avoids the tangles of traditional theodicy. Second, we describe Levinas’s idea of the trace, showing how a nonexistent God still leaves its mark in the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  40
    Empty Representations: Reference and Non-Existence.Manuel García-Carpintero & Genoveva Martí (eds.) - 2014 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    The contents of linguistic and mental representations may seem to be individuated by what they are about. But a problem arises with regard to representation of the non-existent - words and thoughts that are about things that don't exist. Fourteen new essays get to grips with this much-debated problem.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  38.  36
    Non-Existent Objects and their Properties in Udayana's Ātmatattvaviveka.David Nowakowski - 2018 - Philosophy East and West 68 (3):762-782.
    The Nyāya philosopher Udayana devotes the first chapter of his Ātmatattvaviveka to refuting the Buddhist thesis of universal momentariness—the view that nothing which exists can persist through time—and to establishing the contrary view that things can and do persist. In the course of his critique of the Buddhists' "inference from existence" which purports to establish the momentariness thesis, Udayana is forced to consider the problem of how, if at all, it is possible to meaningfully and reliably think and talk (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  6
    A Non-Existent Revision of Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy.Kenneth Blackwell - 2014 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 20:16.
  40.  6
    A Non-Existent Revision of Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy.Kenneth Blackwell - 2000 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 20:16.
  41.  37
    The Non-Existence Of The Real World By Jan Westerhoff.Jan Westerhoff - 2022 - Analysis 82 (1):99-101.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  98
    On Preferring God's Non-Existence.Klaas J. Kraay & Chris Dragos - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (2):157-178.
    For many centuries, philosophers have debated this question: “Does God exist?” Surprisingly, they have paid rather less attention to this distinct – but also very important – question: “Would God’s existence be a good thing?” The latter is an axiological question about the difference in value that God’s existence would make (or does make) in the actual world. Perhaps the most natural position to take, whether or not one believes in God, is to hold that it would be (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  43.  5
    The non-existent objects of belief.Tess Dewhurst - 2020 - South African Journal of Philosophy 39 (4):371-375.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. The non-existence of time.C. J. Ducasse - 1925 - Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):16-20.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Non-existence and Predication.Rudolf Haller - 1988 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 178 (3):382-383.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  46. The Non-existence of Matter.A. S. Hawkesworth - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12:345.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Non-existence and universals.Eric Toms - 1956 - Philosophical Quarterly 6 (23):136-144.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. A Non-Existent Performative Argument.Benoit de Cornulier - 1974 - Foundations of Language 11 (3):413-414.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  33
    Who’s Afraid of Non-Existent Manifestations?Michele Paolini Paoletti - 2016 - In Francesco F. Calemi (ed.), Metaphysics and Scientific Realism: Essays in Honour of David Malet Armstrong. De Gruyter. pp. 193-206.
    I shall defend in this paper the thesis that, if there are irreducible powers such as the power to produce a certain object (generative powers), then there are objects that do not exist and they are part of the fundamental level of the universe. Thus, generative powers come together with Meinongianism. After having clarified my argument, I shall examine and criticize Armstrong (1997)’s attempt to reduce powers to other sorts of entities. Finally, I shall deal with five accounts of generative (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  50. The non-existence of God.Howard R. Burkle - 1969 - [New York]: Herder & Herder.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000