Results for 'Nora I. Ayala'

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  1.  25
    Genetic Markers of White Matter Integrity in Schizophrenia Revealed by Parallel ICA.Cota Navin Gupta, Jiayu Chen, Jingyu Liu, Eswar Damaraju, Carrie Wright, Nora I. Perrone-Bizzozero, Godfrey Pearlson, Li Luo, Andrew M. Michael, Jessica A. Turner & Vince D. Calhoun - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  2.  65
    Am I a Monkey? Six Big Questions About Evolution by Francisco J. Ayala.Paul G. Heltne - 2011 - Zygon 46 (2):500-501.
  3. White Feminist Gaslighting.Nora Berenstain - 2020 - Hypatia 35 (4):733-758.
    Structural gaslighting arises when conceptual work functions to obscure the non-accidental connections between structures of oppression and the patterns of harm they produce and license. This paper examines the role that structural gaslighting plays in white feminist methodology and epistemology using Fricker’s (2007) discussion of hermeneutical injustice as an illustration. Fricker’s work produces structural gaslighting through several methods: i) the outright denial of the role that structural oppression plays in producing interpretive harm, ii) the use of single-axis conceptual resources to (...)
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  4. Deontology Defended.Nora Heinzelmann - 2018 - Synthese 195 (12):5197–5216.
    Empirical research into moral decision-making is often taken to have normative implications. For instance, in his recent book, Greene (2013) relies on empirical findings to establish utilitarianism as a superior normative ethical theory. Kantian ethics, and deontological ethics more generally, is a rival view that Greene attacks. At the heart of Greene’s argument against deontology is the claim that deontological moral judgments are the product of certain emotions and not of reason. Deontological ethics is a mere rationalization of these emotions. (...)
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  5.  42
    Evidence Enriched.Nora Mills Boyd - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (3):403-421.
    Traditionally, empiricism has relied on the specialness of human observation, yet science is rife with sophisticated instrumentation and techniques. The present article advances a conception of empirical evidence applicable to actual scientific practice. I argue that this conception elucidates how the results of scientific research can be repurposed across diverse epistemic contexts: it helps to make sense of how evidence accumulates across theory change, how different evidence can be amalgamated and used jointly, and how the same evidence can be used (...)
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  6. Epistemic Exploitation.Nora Berenstain - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3:569-590.
    Epistemic exploitation occurs when privileged persons compel marginalized persons to educate them about the nature of their oppression. I argue that epistemic exploitation is marked by unrecognized, uncompensated, emotionally taxing, coerced epistemic labor. The coercive and exploitative aspects of the phenomenon are exemplified by the unpaid nature of the educational labor and its associated opportunity costs, the double bind that marginalized persons must navigate when faced with the demand to educate, and the need for additional labor created by the default (...)
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  7. Hermann Cohen i początki szkoły marburskiej.Andrzej J. Noras - 2015 - Idea. Studia Nad Strukturą I Rozwojem Pojęć Filozoficznych 27:431-438.
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  8. Philosophy and the Non-Native Speaker Condition.Saray Ayala-López - 2015 - American Philosophical Association Newsletter in Feminism and Philosophy 14 (2).
    In this note, my aim is to point out a phenomenon that has not received much attention; a phenomenon that, in my opinion, should not be overlooked in the professional practice of philosophy, especially within feminist efforts for social justice. I am referring to the way in which being a non-native speaker of English interacts with the practice of philosophy.1 There is evidence that non-native speakers are often perceived in prejudiced ways. Such prejudiced perception causes harm and, more importantly, constitutes (...)
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  9.  24
    Mostly I Was.Tita Lacambra-Ayala - 2000 - Feminist Studies 26 (1):216.
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  10.  48
    On Why There is a Problem of Supererogation.Nora Grigore - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (4):1141-1163.
    How can it be that some acts of very high moral value are not morally required? This is the problem of supererogation. I do not argue in favor of a particular answer. Instead, I analyze two opposing moral intuitions the problem involves. First, that one should always do one’s best. Second, that sometimes we are morally allowed not to do our best. To think that one always has to do one’s best is less plausible, as it makes every morally best (...)
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  11.  30
    Foreigners and Inclusion in Academia.Saray Ayala‐López - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (2):325-342.
    This article discusses the category of foreigner in the context of academia. In the first part I explore this category and its philosophical significance. A quick look at the literature reveals that this category needs more attention in analyses of dimensions of privilege and disadvantage. Foreignness has peculiarities that demarcate it from other categories of identity, and it intersects with them in complicated ways. Devoting more attention to it would enable addressing issues affecting foreigners in academia that go commonly unnoticed. (...)
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  12. The Applicability of Mathematics to Physical Modality.Nora Berenstain - 2017 - Synthese 194 (9):3361-3377.
    This paper argues that scientific realism commits us to a metaphysical determination relation between the mathematical entities that are indispensible to scientific explanation and the modal structure of the empirical phenomena those entities explain. The argument presupposes that scientific realism commits us to the indispensability argument. The viewpresented here is that the indispensability of mathematics commits us not only to the existence of mathematical structures and entities but to a metaphysical determination relation between those entities and the modal structure of (...)
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  13. Gadameriana. Hans-Georg Gadamer w: „Zbliżenia Polska–Niemcy. Annäherungen Polen–Deutschland”, Red. Karol Bal i Jadwiga Wilk, Wrocław 2006, ss. 259. [REVIEW]Andrzej J. Noras - 2007 - Idea. Studia Nad Strukturą I Rozwojem Pojęć Filozoficznych 19:199-200.
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  14. Kazimierz Wolsza, Człowiek w horyzoncie bycia i wartości. Historyczno-systematyczne studium filozofii Johannesa B. Lotza, Opole 2007, ss. 461. [REVIEW]Andrzej J. Noras - 2007 - Idea. Studia Nad Strukturą I Rozwojem Pojęć Filozoficznych 19:201-202.
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  15. What a Structuralist Theory of Properties Could Not Be.Nora Berenstain - 2016 - In Anna Marmodoro & David Yates (ed.), The Metaphysics of Relations. OUP. Oxford University Press.
    Causal structuralism is the view that, for each natural, non-mathematical, non-Cambridge property, there is a causal profile that exhausts its individual essence. On this view, having a property’s causal profile is both necessary and sufficient for being that property. It is generally contrasted with the Humean or quidditistic view of properties, which states that having a property’s causal profile is neither necessary nor sufficient for being that property, and with the double-aspect view, which states that causal profile is necessary but (...)
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  16.  19
    Sex Differences in Early Embryogenesis: Inter‐Chromosomal Regulation Sets the Stage for Sex‐Biased Gene Networks.Nora Engel - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (9):1800073.
    Sex‐specific transcriptional and epigenomic profiles are detectable in the embryo very soon after fertilization. I propose that in male (XY) and female (XX) pre‐implantation embryos sex chromosomes establish sexually dimorphic interactions with the autosomes, before overt differences become apparent and long before gonadogenesis. Lineage determination restricts expression biases between the sexes, but the epigenetic differences are less constrained and can be perpetuated, accounting for dimorphisms that arise later in life. In this way, sexual identity is registered in the epigenome very (...)
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  17.  1
    Fosterdiagnostikk mellom medisin og etikk: Implementering av NIPT–testen i et urolig politikkområde.Nora Levold, Marit Svingen & Ingrid Bruholt - 2021 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1:5-24.
    Artikkelen undersøker hvordan NIPT ble vedtatt implementert i det norske fosterdiagnostiske systemet gjennom en fagligpolitisk prosess mellom 2012 og 2017. Prosessen innebar at Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter for helsetjenesten, Helsedirektoratet, Bioteknologirådet og Helse- og Omsorgsdepartementet ga sine vurderinger av testen og sine råd omkring en eventuell innføring. Artikkelen viser at det i denne prosessen foregikk en forsiktig tilnærming eller sammensmelting mellom de tradisjonelt helt ulike måtene å forstå og å ramme inn fosterdiagnostikk på i Norge, dvs. i en ‘autonomi/ behandlingsramme’ og en (...)
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  18. Litteratur i moralfilosofin-Nussbaum, aristotelism och teorikritik.Nora Hämäläinen - 2006 - Ajatus 63:229.
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  19.  19
    Coxsackieviruses and Diabetes.Arlene I. Ramsingh, Nora Chapman & Steven Tracy - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (9):793-800.
  20.  27
    Circuitry of Self-Control and its Role in Reducing Addiction.Yi-Yuan Tang, Michael I. Posner, Mary K. Rothbart & Nora D. Volkow - 2015 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 19 (8):439-444.
  21. Implicit Bias and the Idealized Rational Self.Nora Berenstain - 2018 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 5:445-485.
    The underrepresentation of women, people of color, and especially women of color—and the corresponding overrepresentation of white men—is more pronounced in philosophy than in many of the sciences. I suggest that part of the explanation for this lies in the role played by the idealized rational self, a concept that is relatively influential in philosophy but rarely employed in the sciences. The idealized rational self models the mind as consistent, unified, rationally transcendent, and introspectively transparent. I hypothesize that acceptance of (...)
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  22. Kant I Hegel W Sporach Filozoficznych Osiemnastego I Dziewiętnastego Wieku.Andrzej Jan Noras - 2007 - Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.
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  23. Pytania I Perspektywy Transcendentalizmu: W Dwusetną Rocznicę Śmierci Immanuela Kanta.Andrzej Jan Noras (ed.) - 2006 - Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.
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  24.  54
    What is a Wittgensteinian Neo-Platonist?–Iris Murdoch, Metaphysics and Metaphor.Nora Hämäläinen - 2014 - Philosophical Papers 43 (2):191-225.
    The aim of this paper is to present a perspective on Iris Murdoch conception of metaphysics, starting from her puzzling contention that she could describe herself as a ?Wittgensteinian Neo-Platonist?. I argue that this statement is a central clue to the nature both of her philosophical method which is strongly reminiscent of Wittgenstein's, and of her Platonism, which in its emphasis on the everyday and metaphorical aspects of his work differs starkly from received modern interpretations. Placing Murdoch between Plato and (...)
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  25. Is Moral Theory Harmful in Practice?—Relocating Anti-Theory in Contemporary Ethics.Nora Hämäläinen - 2008 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 12 (5):539-553.
    In this paper I discuss the viability of the claim that at least some forms of moral theory are harmful for sound moral thought and practice. This claim was put forward by e.g. Elisabeth Anscombe ( 1981 ( 1958 )) and by Annette Baier, Peter Winch, D.Z Phillips and Bernard Williams in the 1970’s–1980’s. To this day aspects of it have found resonance in both post-Wittgensteinian and virtue ethical quarters. The criticism has on one hand contributed to a substantial change (...)
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  26.  14
    Studies in Scarab Seals, Vol. I: Pre-XII Dynasty Scarab Amulets.Nora Scott & W. A. Ward - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (2):483.
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  27.  47
    Reduce Ourselves to Zero?: Sabina Lovibond, Iris Murdoch, and Feminism.Nora Hämäläinen - 2015 - Hypatia 30 (4):743-759.
    In her book Iris Murdoch, Gender and Philosophy, Sabina Lovibond argues that Iris Murdoch's philosophical and literary work is covertly dedicated to an ideology of female subordination. The most central and interesting aspect of her multifaceted argument concerns Murdoch's focus on the individual person's moral self-scrutiny and transformation of consciousness. Lovibond suggests that this focus is antithetical to the kind of communal and structural criticism of society that has been essential for the advance of feminism. She further reads Murdoch's dismissal (...)
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  28.  11
    Populismo: conceptos, vocabularios y experiencias.Nora Rabotnikof - 2018 - Dianoia 63 (81):3-22.
    Resumen: Este trabajo parte de reconocer la dificultad de trazar una fronte-ra nítida entre una caracterización conceptual académica especializada y el uso profano del término “populismo”. En la primera sección abordo el estatus problemático del tér-mino como concepto político y el significado peyorativo que siempre lo ha acompañado. En la segunda sección recorro de manera breve tres experien-cias históricas que se caracterizaron en su momento como “populistas”. En la última sección expongo mis dudas acerca de la posibilidad de revertir esa (...)
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  29.  5
    Neokantyzm Badeński I Marburski: Antologia Tekstów.Andrzej Jan Noras & Tomasz Kubalica (eds.) - 2011 - Katowice: Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Sląskiego.
    Książka zawiera wybrane teksty najważniejszych myślicieli zaliczanych do dwóch najbardziej znaczących kierunków neokantowskich, a mianowicie do szkoły badeńskiej i szkoły marburskiej. Szkoły te wyłoniły się w konsekwencji podziałów, jakie dokonywały się w ramach neokantyzmu, niezwykle złożonego kierunku filozoficznego drugiej połowy XIX wieku i początków wieku XX. Mówienie o neokantyzmie jest złożone, gdyż nie można podać ani daty jego powstania, ani też daty zakończenia, co przysparza wielu kłopotów z jego historycznym określeniem. Pomijając wszelkie trudności klasyfikacyjne, antologia ogranicza się do zaprezentowania poglądów (...)
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  30. (rec.) Francisco J. Ayala, Dar Karola Darwina dla nauki i religii, tłum. z ang. P. Dawidowicz, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego, Warszawa 2009. [REVIEW]Adam Świeżyński - 2009 - Studia Philosophiae Christianae 45 (2):303-308.
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  31. Speech Affordances: A Structural Take on How Much We Can Do with Our Words.Saray Ayala - 2016 - European Journal of Philosophy 24 (4):879-891.
    Individuals can do a broad variety of things with their words and enjoy different degrees of this capacity. What moderates this capacity? And in cases in which this capacity is unjustly disrupted, what is a good explanation for it? These are the questions I address here. I propose that speech capacity, understood as the capacity to do things with your words, is a structural property importantly dependent on individuals' position in a social structure. My account facilitates a non-individualistic explanation of (...)
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  32.  14
    Three Metaphors Toward a Conception of Moral Change.Nora Hämäläinen - 2017 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 6 (2):47-69.
    Contemporary moral philosophy is split between an inherently a-historical moral philosophy/theory on the one hand and a growing interest in moral history and the historicity of morality on the other. In between these, the very moments of moral change are often left insufficiently attended to and under-theorized. Yet moral change is, arguably, one of the defining features of present day moral frameworks, and thus one of the main things we need to make sense of in moral philosophy. In this paper, (...)
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  33. Kant a Neokantyzm Badeński I Marburski.Andrzej Jan Noras - 2000 - Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.
  34. Kant a noekantyzm badeński i marburski.Andrzej J. Noras - 2001 - Idea Studia nad strukturą i rozwojem pojęć filozoficznych 13 (13).
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  35. Nicolai Hatmann i marburczycy. Znaczenie pracy "Jak w ogóle możliwa jest krytyczna ontologia".Andrzej J. Noras - 2000 - Principia.
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  36. I Congreso internacional sobre la vida y la obra de Maimónides (Córdoba, 8-11 de Septiembre de 1985).J. M. Ayala - 1986 - Diálogo Filosófico 4:100-103.
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  37. The Biological Roots of Morality.Francisco J. Ayala - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (3):235-252.
    The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to thecapacity for ethics (e.i., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moralnorms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. My theses are: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution.Humans exhibits ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup determines the presence (...)
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  38.  16
    Pál Engel, The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895–1526. Trans. Tamás Pálosfalvi. Ed. Andrew Ayton. London and New York: I. B. Tauris, 2001. Pp. Xix, 452; Genealogical Tables and 7 Maps. $69.50.Nora Berend - 2003 - Speculum 78 (2):496-497.
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  39. What the Biological Sciences Can and Cannot Contribute to Ethics.Francisco Ayala - 2008 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell.
    The question whether ethical behavior is biologically determined may refer either to the capacity for ethics (i.e., the proclivity to judge human actions as either right or wrong), or to the moral norms accepted by human beings for guiding their actions. I herein propose: (1) that the capacity for ethics is a necessary attribute of human nature; and (2) that moral norms are products of cultural evolution, not of biological evolution. Humans exhibit ethical behavior by nature because their biological makeup (...)
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  40.  73
    Conflicting Judgments and Weakness of Will.Nora Heinzelmann - 2020 - Philosophia 1 (1):255-269.
    This paper shows that our popular account of weakness of will is inconsistent with dilemmas. In dilemmas, agents judge that they ought to do one thing, that they ought to do something else, and that they cannot do both. They must act against either of their two judgments. But such action is commonly understood as weakness of will. An agent is weak-willed in doing something if she judges that she ought to and could do something else instead. Thus, it seems (...)
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  41.  40
    Responsibility for Silence.Saray Ayala & Nadya Vasilyeva - 2016 - Journal of Social Philosophy 47 (3):256-272.
    This paper builds upon Mary Kate McGowan’s analysis of the mechanisms of harm in conversations (McGowan 2004; 2009). McGowan describes how a speaker’s intervention might constitute harm by enacting what is permissible to do in the conversation thereafter. We expand McGowan’s analysis in two ways: first, we use her account to argue for the potential of interlocutor’s silence, not only speaker’s intervention, to enact harm; second, we introduce a new party into the picture: observers of the conversation. We propose that (...)
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  42. Sexual Orientation and Choice.Saray Ayala - 2017 - Journal of Social Ontology 3 (2):249-265.
    Is there a choice in sexual orientation? [Wilkerson, William S. : “Is It a Choice? Sexual Orientation as Interpretation”. In: Journal of Social Philosophy 40. No. 1, p. 97–116] argues that sexual desires require interpretation in order to be fully constituted, and therefore sexual orientation is at least partially constituted by choice. [Díaz-León, Esa : “Sexual Orientation as Interpretation? Sexual Desires, Concepts, and Choice”; In: Journal of Social Ontology] critically assesses Wilkerson’s argument, concluding that we still lack a good argument (...)
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  43.  2
    The “Crucial Step”.Andrés Ayala - 2017 - The Incarnate Word 4 (1):162-190.
    Here the point of departure of Being and Time is criticized, i.e. the priority of Dasein in the determination of the meaning of being. An overview of Heidegger’s doctrine is offered, his concern for intentionality is acknowledged, then it takes place a critique of his starting point, and finally a Thomistic alternative account of intentionality is proposed.
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  44.  28
    The Agent Intellect in Aquinas: A Metaphysical Condition of Possibility of Human Understanding as Receptive of Objective Content.Andres Ayala - 2018 - Dissertation, University of St. Michael's College
    The following is an interpretation of Aquinas’ agent intellect focusing on Summa Theologiae I, qq. 75-89, and proposing that the agent intellect is a metaphysical rather than a formal a priori of human understanding. A formal a priori is responsible for the intelligibility as content of the object of human understanding and is related to Kant’s epistemological views; whereas a metaphysical a priori is responsible for intelligibility as mode of being of this same object. We can find in Aquinas’ text (...)
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  45.  25
    The Radical Difference Between Aquinas and Kant: Human Understanding and the Agent Intellect in Aquinas.Andres Ayala - 2021 - Chillum, MD, USA: IVE Press.
    Did we get Aquinas’ Epistemology right? St. Thomas is often interpreted according to Kantian principles, particularly in Transcendental Thomism. When this happens, it can appear as though Aquinas, too—along with Kant—had made the “turn to the subject”; as if Aquinas were no longer the Aristotelian “believer” who thinks nature is what it is but, instead, the Kantian “thinker” who holds that nature is what we think of it; as if St. Thomas, like Kant, had concluded that nature is intelligible not (...)
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  46. Filozofia Kanta I Jej Recepcja.Dariusz Bęben & Andrzej Jan Noras (eds.) - 2011 - Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.
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  47. Filozofia a Psychologia. Próba Charakterystyki Problemu.Andrzej J. Noras - 2017 - Idea. Studia Nad Strukturą I Rozwojem Pojęć Filozoficznych 29 (1):5-23.
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  48. Strengthening Weak Emergence.Nora Berenstain - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-18.
    Bedau's influential (1997) account analyzes weak emergence in terms of the non-derivability of a system’s macrostates from its microstates except by simulation. I offer an improved version of Bedau’s account of weak emergence in light of insights from information theory. Non-derivability alone does not guarantee that a system’s macrostates are weakly emergent. Rather, it is non-derivability plus the algorithmic compressibility of the system’s macrostates that makes them weakly emergent. I argue that the resulting information-theoretic picture provides a metaphysical account of (...)
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  49.  91
    (Philosophizing About) Gender-Open Children.Saray Ayala-López - 2020 - Feminism and Philosophy Newsletter, American Philosophical Association.
    I’m at the playground with my baby, and a smiling adult inquires, “Is it a boy or a girl?” Scientific studies show that if I say X, they will see my baby as doing A, being A, feeling A—versus if I say Y.1 They’ll likely make different assumptions about whether my baby is able to climb up the playground structures and sit without support, and they’ll encourage my baby to engage in different activities.2 And of course, they’ll respond to them (...)
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  50.  3
    A Comment on Dietmar Heidemann’s Account on Kant’s Non-Conceptual Aesthetics: Against an Active Understanding.Nora Schleich - 2021 - Con-Textos Kantianos 1 (13):275-285.
    This paper aims to contribute to an ongoing and controversial debate about non-conceptuality in Kantian aesthetics. It is a replica on a paper of Dietmar Heidemann in Con-Textos Kantianos N.° 12, to which I do consent, but I’d like to give some additional comments on a specific issue: I show in this paper that the problem about whether or not the understanding contributes to aesthetic judgment can be elucidated by means of a revaluation of the imagination’s capacity of formal representation (...)
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