Results for 'Norbert Mesk��'

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  1.  21
    Carta de Norbert Wiener a sua irmã Bertha sobre o encontro com Einstein.Wienerm Norbert - 2005 - Scientiae Studia 3 (4):635-639.
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  2. The Collected Works of Norbert Elias: Early Writings.Norbert Elias - 2006 - University College Dublin Press.
    Elias wrote in both English and German, and in all his work runs to 14 books and around 90 other essays, along with poems and numerous interviews. The 18 volumes of the collected works contain many writings not previously published in English, and a small number never published before. All of the texts have thoroughly checked and revised, by editors who have a deep knowledge of Elia's thinking; they have inserted many clarifications, cross-references and explanatory notes.
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  3.  30
    Knowledge of Language: Its Nature, Origin, and Use.Norbert Hornstein - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (4):567-573.
  4.  34
    Cybernetics: Or, Control and Communication in the Animal and the MacHine.Norbert Wiener - 1961 - New York: M.I.T. Press.
    This is a new release of the original 1949 edition.
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  5.  6
    What is Sociology?Norbert Elias - 1978 - University College Dublin Press.
    What is Sociology? presents in concise and provocative form the major ideas of a seminal thinker whose work--spanning more than four decades--is only now gaining the recognition here it has long had in Germany and France. Unlike other post-war sociologists, Norbert Elias has always held the concept of historical development among his central concerns; his dynamic theories of the evolution of modern man have remedied the historical and epistemological shortcomings of structualism and ethno-methodology. What is Sociology? refines the arguments (...)
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  6.  46
    Ethical Case Deliberation on the Ward. A Comparison of Four Methods.Norbert Steinkamp & Bert Gordijn - 2003 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (3):235-246.
    The objective of this article is to analyse and compare four methods of ethical case deliberation. These include Clinical Pragmatism, The Nijmegen Method of ethical case deliberation, Hermeneutic dialogue, and Socratic dialogue. The origin of each method will be briefly sketched. Furthermore, the methods as well as the related protocols will be presented. Each method will then be evaluated against the background of those situations in which it is being used. The article aims to show that there is not one (...)
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  7.  19
    Goody Versus Goudsblom: Pour Ou Contre Norbert Elias?Norbert Elias - 1998 - Polis 6 (2).
  8. Sur le concept de vie quotidienne: Norbert Elias: une lecture plurielle.Norbert Elias & Claude Javeau - 1995 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 99:237-246.
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  9.  53
    In Search of Greene's Argument.Norbert Paulo - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (1):38-58.
    The moral psychologist Joshua Greene has proposed a number of arguments for the normative significance of empirical research and for the unreliability of deontological intuitions. For these arguments, much hinges on the combination of various components of Greene's research – namely the dual-process theory of moral judgement, ‘personalness’ as a factor in moral decision-making, and his functional understanding of deontology and consequentialism. Incorporating these components, I reconstruct three distinct arguments and show that the Personalness Argument for the claim that empirical (...)
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  10. Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles.Norbert Schwarz & Gerald L. Clore - 1996 - Guilford Press.
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  11.  76
    Debating Ethical Expertise.Norbert L. Steinkamp, Bert Gordijn & Henk A. . M. . J. Ten Have - 2008 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (2):173-192.
    This paper explores the relevance of the debate about ethical expertise for the practice of clinical ethics. We present definitions, explain three theories of ethical expertise, and identify arguments that have been brought up to either support the concept of ethical expertise or call it into question. Finally, we discuss four theses: the debate is relevant for the practice of clinical ethics in that it (1) improves and specifies clinical ethicists' perception of their expertise; (2) contributes to improving the perception (...)
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  12.  32
    Power to the People? Voter Manipulation, Legitimacy, and the Relevance of Moral Psychology for Democratic Theory.Norbert Paulo & Christoph Bublitz - 2019 - Neuroethics 12 (1):55-71.
    What should we do if climate change or global injustice require radical policy changes not supported by the majority of citizens? And what if science shows that the lacking support is largely due to shortcomings in citizens’ individual psychology such as cognitive biases that lead to temporal and geographical parochialism? Could then a plausible case for enhancing the morality of the electorate—even against their will –be made? But can a democratic government manipulate the will of the people without losing democratic (...)
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  13.  20
    Logicality, Double-Line Rules, and Modalities.Norbert Gratzl & Eugenio Orlandelli - 2019 - Studia Logica 107 (1):85-107.
    This paper deals with the question of the logicality of modal logics from a proof-theoretic perspective. It is argued that if Dos̆en’s analysis of logical constants as punctuation marks is embraced, it is possible to show that all the modalities in the cube of normal modal logics are indeed logical constants. It will be proved that the display calculus for each displayable modality admits a purely structural presentation based on double-line rules which, following Dos̆en’s analysis, allows us to claim that (...)
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  14. Feelings and Phenomenal Experiences.Norbert Schwarz & Gerald L. Clore - 1996 - In E. E. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (eds.), Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles. Guilford Press. pp. 2--385.
  15.  9
    The Semiotic Self.Norbert Wiley - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this book, Norbert Wiley offers a new interpretation of the nature of the self in society.
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  16.  75
    The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society.Norbert Wiener - 1954 - Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
    As this book reveals, his vision was much more complex and interesting. He hoped that machines would release people from relentless and repetitive drudgery in order to achieve more creative pursuits.
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  17.  20
    Norbert Elias: Post-Philosophical Sociology.Richard Kilminster - 2007 - Routledge.
    Understanding Elias -- Origins of Elias's synthesis -- Norbert Elias and Karl Mannheim -- The civilizing process : the structure of a classic -- Involved detachment : knowledge and self-knowledge in Elias -- The symbol theory : secular humanism as a research programme -- Concluding remarks : the fourth blow to man's narcissism.
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  18.  49
    Emotion, Cognition, and Decision Making.Norbert Schwarz - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (4):433-440.
  19. Cybernetics.Norbert Wiener - 1949 - Philosophy of Science 16 (2):159-160.
     
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  20.  14
    ‘Moral Economy’: Its Conceptual History and Analytical Prospects.Norbert Götz - 2015 - Journal of Global Ethics 11 (2):147-162.
    This article challenges E.P. Thompson's definition of ‘moral economy’ as a traditional consensus of crowd rights that were swept away by market forces. Instead, it suggests that the concept has the potential of improving the understanding of modern civil society. Moral economy was a term invented in the eighteenth century to describe many things. Thompson's approach reflects only a minor part of this conceptual history. His understanding of moral economy is conditioned by a dichotomous view of history and by the (...)
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  21.  32
    Moral Consistency Reasoning Reconsidered.Norbert Paulo - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (1):107-123.
    Many contemporary ethicists use case-based reasoning to reach consistent beliefs about ethical matters. The idea is that particular cases elicit moral intuitions, which provide defeasible reasons to believe in their content. However, most proponents of case-based moral reasoning are not very explicit about how they resolve inconsistencies and how they abstract principles from judgments about particular cases. The aim of this article is to outline a methodology—called Consistency Reasoning Casuistry—for case-based reasoning in ethics. This methodology draws on Richmond Campbell and (...)
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  22.  52
    X-Phi and Impartiality Thought Experiments: Investigating the Veil of Ignorance.Norbert Paulo & Thomas Pölzler - 2020 - Diametros 17 (64):72-89.
    This paper discusses “impartiality thought experiments”, i.e., thought experiments that attempt to generate intuitions which are unaffected by personal characteristics such as age, gender or race. We focus on the most prominent impartiality thought experiment, the Veil of Ignorance, and show that both in its original Rawlsian version and in a more generic version, empirical investigations can be normatively relevant in two ways: First, on the assumption that the VOI is effective and robust, if subjects dominantly favor a certain normative (...)
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  23. Explanation in Linguistics. The Logical Problem of Language Acquisition.Norbert Hornstein & David Lightfoot - 1985 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 47 (2):338-338.
  24. Contributing and Benefiting: Two Grounds for Duties to the Victims of Injustice.Norbert Anwander - 2005 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1):39-45.
    Anwander questions "the role that Pogge assigns to benefiting from injustice in the determination of our duties toward the victims of injustice... challenging his claim that there is a negative duty not to benefit from injustice.".
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  25. The Court Society.Norbert Elias - 2006 - In The Collected Works of Norbert Elias. University College Dublin Press.
     
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  26.  13
    Norbert Elias and Franz Borkenau.Arpád Szakolczai - 2000 - Theory, Culture and Society 17 (2):45-69.
    This article argues that the life-works of Norbert Elias and Franz Borkenau can best be understood together, as they were developed in close interaction during the 1930s. Deriving inspiration from Freud, they took up the project formulated by Weber at the end of his `Anticritical Last Word'. However, in two significant respects they went beyond the Weberian problematics. First, overcoming the centrality attributed to economic concerns, they rooted the Western civilizing process in the long-term attempt to harness the violence (...)
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  27. Cultural and Experiential Differences in the Development of Folkbiological Induction.Norbert Ross, Douglas Medin, John Coley & Scott Atran - unknown
    Carey's book on conceptual change and the accompanying argument that children's biology initially is organized in terms of naïve psychology has sparked a great detail of research and debate. This body of research on children's biology has, however, been almost exclusively been based on urban, majority culture children in the US or in other industrialized nations. The development of folkbiological knowledge may depend on cultural and experiential background. If this is the case, then urban majority culture children may prove to (...)
     
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  28.  64
    Casuistry as Common Law Morality.Norbert Paulo - 2015 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36 (6):373-389.
    This article elaborates on the relation between ethical casuistry and common law reasoning. Despite the frequent talk of casuistry as common law morality, remarks on this issue largely remain at the purely metaphorical level. The article outlines and scrutinizes Albert Jonsen and Stephen Toulmin’s version of casuistry and its basic elements. Drawing lessons for casuistry from common law reasoning, it is argued that one generally has to be faithful to ethical paradigms. There are, however, limitations for the binding force of (...)
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  29.  11
    Bias in Judgment: Comparing Individuals and Groups.Norbert L. Kerr, Robert J. MacCoun & Geoffrey P. Kramer - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (4):687-719.
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  30.  26
    Norbert Elias, the Civilizing Process: Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic Investigations—an Overview and Assessment.Andrew Linklater & Stephen Mennell - 2010 - History and Theory 49 (3):384-411.
    Norbert Elias's The Civilizing Process, which was published in German in 1939 and first translated into English in two volumes in 1978 and 1982, is now widely regarded as one of the great works of twentieth-century sociology. This work attempted to explain how Europeans came to think of themselves as more “civilized” than their forebears and neighboring societies. By analyzing books about manners that had been published between the thirteenth and eighteenth centuries, Elias observed changing conceptions of shame and (...)
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  31. The Human Use of Human Beings. Cybernetics and Society.Norbert Wiener - 1952 - Philosophy 27 (102):249-251.
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  32.  24
    Regulation of Healthcare Ethics Committees in Europe.Norbert Steinkamp, Bert Gordijn, Ana Borovecki, Eugenijus Gefenas, Jozef Glasa, Marc Guerrier, Tom Meulenbergs, Joanna Różyńska & Anne Slowther - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (4):461-475.
    In this article, the question is discussed if and how Healthcare Ethics Committees (HECs) should be regulated. The paper consists of two parts. First, authors from eight EC member countries describe the status quo in their respective countries, and give reasons as to the form of regulation they consider most adequate. In the second part, the country reports are analysed. It is suggested that regulation of HECs should be central and weak. Central regulation is argued to be apt to improve (...)
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  33.  69
    A Sequent Calculus for a Negative Free Logic.Norbert Gratzl - 2010 - Studia Logica 96 (3):331-348.
    This article presents a sequent calculus for a negative free logic with identity, called N . The main theorem (in part 1) is the admissibility of the Cut-rule. The second part of this essay is devoted to proofs of soundness, compactness and completeness of N relative to a standard semantics for negative free logic.
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  34.  20
    Social Cognition in Children Born Preterm: A Perspective on Future Research Directions.Norbert Zmyj, Sarah Witt, Almut Weitkämper, Helmut Neumann & Thomas Lücke - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  35. Constructing Reality and its Alternatives: An Inclusion/Exclusion Model of Assimilation and Contrast Effects in Social Judgment.Norbert Schwarz & Herbert Bless - 1992 - In L. Martin & A. Tesser (eds.), The Construction of Social Judgments. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 217--245.
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  36.  18
    Human Rights Violations in Organ Procurement Practice in China.Norbert W. Paul, Arthur Caplan, Michael E. Shapiro, Charl Els, Kirk C. Allison & Huige Li - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):11.
    Over 90% of the organs transplanted in China before 2010 were procured from prisoners. Although Chinese officials announced in December 2014 that the country would completely cease using organs harvested from prisoners, no regulatory adjustments or changes in China’s organ donation laws followed. As a result, the use of prisoner organs remains legal in China if consent is obtained. We have collected and analysed available evidence on human rights violations in the organ procurement practice in China. We demonstrate that the (...)
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  37.  8
    Medizinische Prädiktion, Prävention und Gerechtigkeit: Anmerkungen zu ethischen Dimensionen eines biomedizinischen Ideals. [REVIEW]Norbert W. Paul - 2010 - Ethik in der Medizin 22 (3):191-205.
    Das Ideal einer vorhersagenden Medizin in Kombination mit wirkungsvollen, kausalen Strategien der Prävention auf molekularer Ebene ist noch immer weit davon entfernt, klinische Realität zu werden. Es ist jedoch schon heute festzustellen, dass zwischen Medizin und Gesellschaft verhandelte Konzepte von Gesundheit in immer stärkerem Maße auf zukünftige Gesundheit ausgerichtet sind, mithin einen immer präventiveren Charakter aufweisen. Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht die Frage, ob neue Konzepte einer prädiktiv-präventiven Medizin – insbesondere Public Health Genetics bzw. Public Health Genomics – das Kriterium der (...)
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  38.  30
    Internet of Things and Big Data: The Disruption of the Value Chain and the Rise of New Software Ecosystems.Norbert Jesse - 2018 - AI and Society 33 (2):229-239.
    IoT connects devices, humans, places, and even abstract items like events. Driven by smart sensors, powerful embedded microelectronics, high-speed connectivity and the standards of the internet, IoT is on the brink of disrupting today’s value chains. Big Data, characterized by high volume, high velocity and a high variety of formats, is a result of and also a driving force for IoT. The datafication of business presents completely new opportunities and risks. To hedge the technical risks posed by the interaction between (...)
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  39.  7
    Michel Foucault: Pädagogische Lektüren.Norbert Ricken & Markus Rieger-Ladich (eds.) - 2004 - Vs Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
    Michel Foucault entwickelt sich gegenwartig zweifellos zu einer der neuen Bezugsgrossen des padagogischen Diskurses: Nach einer langen Phase grosser Widerstande innerhalb der deutschsprachigen Erziehungswissenschaft werden jetzt die ...
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  40. Ethical Expertise Revisited: Reply to Giles Scofield.L. Steinkamp Norbert, Gordijn Bert & A. J. M. ten Have Henk - 2008 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (4):385-392.
    This reply to Giles Scofield's critique of the authors' article in the June 2008 issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal highlights two main topics. First, contrary to what Scofield suggests, using the terms "ethics" and "morality" interchangeably constitutes an oversimplification that blurs important distinctions. Second, in a representative democracy, ethical expertise and consultation need not generate a "tragic choice" of the kind Scofield has in mind.
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  41.  74
    Incomplete Symbols — Definite Descriptions Revisited.Norbert Gratzl - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (5):489-506.
    We investigate incomplete symbols, i.e. definite descriptions with scope-operators. Russell famously introduced definite descriptions by contextual definitions; in this article definite descriptions are introduced by rules in a specific calculus that is very well suited for proof-theoretic investigations. That is to say, the phrase ‘incomplete symbols’ is formally interpreted as to the existence of an elimination procedure. The last section offers semantical tools for interpreting the phrase ‘no meaning in isolation’ in a formal way.
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  42.  72
    Norbert Wiener and the Rise of Information Ethics.Terrell Ward Bynum - 2008 - In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  43.  32
    Judaism and the Doctrine of Creation.Norbert Max Samuelson - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    The topic of this book is 'creation'. It breaks down into discussions of two distinct, but interrelated, questions: what does the universe look like, and what is its origin? The opinions about creation considered by Norbert Samuelson come from the Hebrew scriptures, Greek philosophy, Jewish philosophy, and contemporary physics. His perspective is Jewish, liberal, and philosophical. It is 'Jewish' because the foundation of the discussion is biblical texts interpreted in the light of traditional rabbinic texts. It is 'philosophical' because (...)
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  44.  2
    Consistent Verbal Labels Promote Odor Category Learning.Norbert Vanek, Márton Sóskuthy & Asifa Majid - 2021 - Cognition 206:104485.
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  45.  11
    Les journaux de mathématiques dans la première moitié du xixe siècle en Europe1.Norbert Verdier - 2009 - Philosophia Scientae 13:97-126.
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  46.  37
    The Retreat of Sociologists Into the Present.Norbert Elias - 1987 - Theory, Culture and Society 4 (2-3):223-247.
  47.  10
    Les journaux de mathématiques dans la première moitié du xixe siècle en Europe1.Norbert Verdier - 2009 - Philosophia Scientiae 13 (2):97-126.
    In 1826, Joseph Diez Gergonne, who founded the Annales de mathématiques pures et appliquées in 1810 in Nîmes , wrote to W.H. Talbot. In his letters, he spoke about the others journals of mathematics. We will study these journals of mathematics in the first part of the nineteenth century in Europe. We will study their dynamic of transmission, their public, the leading role of the first editors of mathematics: Gergonne, Garnier and Quetelet, Crelle, Liouville, Robert Leslie Ellis and Thomson, etc. (...)
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  48.  25
    The Two-Layer Model of Clinical Ethics and a Training Program for the Malteser Hospital Association.Norbert Steinkamp & Bert Gordijn - 2001 - HEC Forum 13 (3):242-254.
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  49.  15
    An Historic Account of the Extinct High Rainfall Grasslands of the Soutpansberg, South Africa.Norbert Hahn - 2018 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 73 (1):20-32.
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  50.  91
    The Loneliness of the Dying.Norbert Elias - 1985 - Continuum.
    Originally published in 1985, this is a short meditation by a great old man on people relating to other people who are dying, and the need for all of us to open ...
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