Results for 'Norm (Philosophy'

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  1. Pascal Engel, The Norm of Truth: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic Reviewed By.Norman Swartz - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (2):86-88.
     
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  2.  20
    The Norm of Truth: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic.Pascal Engel - 1991 - University of Toronto Press.
  3. The Norm of Truth. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic.Engel Pascal - 1993 - Crítica: Revista Hispanoamericana de Filosofía 25 (73):109-117.
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  4. The Norm of Truth: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic.Engel Pascal & Kochan Miriam - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (174):126-127.
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  5. 1. Background. Practical Philosophy: Praxis, Rational Choice, Full Human Character (Ethos), the Norm of Character, and Dimensions of Agency—Attraction and Value. [REVIEW]Gavin Lawrence - 2011 - In Michael Pakaluk & Giles Pearson (eds.), Moral Psychology and Human Action in Aristotle. Oxford University Press. pp. 233.
     
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  6. Pascal Engel is Professor of Philosophy at the Universite de Paris IV-Sorbonne (Paris). He is a Member of the Institut Universitaire de France, and Former Presi-Dent of the Societe de Philosophic Analytique, the French Branch of ESAP. He Teaches Philosophy of Logic, of Language, and of Mind and has Written a Number of Articles and Books in These Areas, Including The Norm of Truth (1991), David. [REVIEW]Anthonie Meijers - 1999 - In A. W. M. Meihers (ed.), Belief, Cognition, and the Will. Tilburg University Press. pp. 6--113.
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  7. Nature, Purpose, and Norm: A Program in American Philosophy.Preston Stovall - 2016 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (4):617-636.
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  8. Cudworth, Ralph and the Foundations of Morality+ on the Criticism of the Moral-Philosophy of Hobbes, Thomas-Action, Subject and Norm.Yc Zarka - 1995 - Archives de Philosophie 58 (3):405-420.
  9. Byt I Powinność: Wkład Xx-Wiecznych Myślicieli Polskich Do Teorii Imperatywów I Norm.Jacek Jadacki - 2012 - Wydawn. Naukowe "Semper".
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  10. Norms of Assertion: Truth, Lies, and Warrant.Rachel McKinnon - 2015 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This book is about the norms of the speech act of assertion. This is a topic of lively contemporary debate primarily carried out in epistemology and philosophy of language. Suppose that you ask me what time an upcoming meeting starts, and I say, “4 p.m.” I’ve just asserted that the meeting starts at 4 p.m. Whenever we make claims like this, we’re asserting. The central question here is whether we need to know what we say, and, relatedly, whether what we (...)
     
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  11.  71
    Why Did Weyl Think That Dedekind's Norm of Belief in Mathematics is Perverse?Iulian D. Toader - 2016 - In Early Analytic Philosophy – New Perspectives on the Tradition. The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science, vol. 80,. pp. 445-451.
    This paper discusses an intriguing, though rather overlooked case of normative disagreement in the history of philosophy of mathematics: Weyl's criticism of Dedekind’s famous principle that "In science, what is provable ought not to be believed without proof." This criticism, as I see it, challenges not only a logicist norm of belief in mathematics, but also a realist view about whether there is a fact of the matter as to what norms of belief are correct.
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  12.  13
    Applied Philosophy.Sami Pihlström - 1999 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (1):121-133.
    This paper provides a critical discussion of the concept of applied philosophy. Writers specializing in applied philosophy (e.g., in the various fields of applied ethics) often assume what is here called the traditional concept of applied philosophy, i.e., they think of themselves as applying a “pure” (in itself nonapplied) philosophical theory to some humanly important practical problem area. If understood along these lines, applied philosophy can be taken to be analogous toapplied science. However, this analogy collapses as soon as we (...)
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  13. Practical Reason and Norms.Joseph Raz - 1975 - Hutchinson.
  14.  33
    The Grammar of Meaning: Normativity and Semantic Discourse.Mark Norris Lance - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    What is the function of concepts pertaining to meaning in socio-linguistic practice? In this study, the authors argue that we can approach a satisfactory answer by displacing the standard picture of meaning talk as a sort of description with a picture that takes seriously the similarity between meaning talk and various types of normative injunction. In their discussion of this approach, they investigate the more general question of the nature of the normative, as well as a range of important topics (...)
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  15.  36
    Experimental Philosophy of Explanation Rising: The Case for a Plurality of Concepts of Explanation.Matteo Colombo - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (5).
    This paper brings together results from the philosophy and the psychology of explanation to argue that there are multiple concepts of explanation in human psychology. Specifically, it is shown that pluralism about explanation coheres with the multiplicity of models of explanation available in the philosophy of science, and it is supported by evidence from the psychology of explanatory judgment. Focusing on the case of a norm of explanatory power, the paper concludes by responding to the worry that if there (...)
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  16. Common Sense and Philosophical Methodology: Some Metaphilosophical Reflections on Analytic Philosophy and Deleuze.Jack Reynolds - 2010 - Philosophical Forum 41 (3):231-258.
    On the question of precisely what role common sense (or related datum like folk psychology, trust in pre-theoretic/intuitive judgments, etc.) should have in reigning in the possible excesses of our philosophical methods, the so-called ‘continental’ answer to this question, for the vast majority, would be “as little as possible”, whereas the analytic answer for the vast majority would be “a reasonably central one”. While this difference at the level of both rhetoric and meta-philosophy is sometimes – perhaps often – problematised (...)
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  17.  1
    Experimental Philosophy of Explanation Rising: The Case for a Plurality of Concepts of Explanation.Matteo Colombo - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (2):503-517.
    This paper brings together results from the philosophy and the psychology of explanation to argue that there are multiple concepts of explanation in human psychology. Specifically, it is shown that pluralism about explanation coheres with the multiplicity of models of explanation available in the philosophy of science, and it is supported by evidence from the psychology of explanatory judgment. Focusing on the case of a norm of explanatory power, the paper concludes by responding to the worry that if there (...)
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  18.  6
    Broken Hegemonies.Reiner Schürmann - 2003 - Indiana University Press.
    " --John Sallis In Broken Hegemonies, the late distinguished philosopher Reiner Schürmann offers a radical rethinking of the history of Western philosophy from the Greeks through Heidegger.
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  19. Charles S. Peirce on Norms & Ideals.Vincent G. Potter - 1967 - Fordham University Press.
    In recent years, Charles Sanders Peirce has emerged, in the eyes of philosophers both in America and abroad, as one of America’s major philosophical thinkers. His work has forced us back to philosophical reflection about those basic issues that inevitably confront us as human beings, especially in an age of science. Peirce’s concern for experience, for what is actually encountered, means that his philosophy, even in its most technical aspects, forms a reflective commentary on actual life and on the world (...)
     
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  20.  9
    Why Still Philosophy?: Once Again.Predrag Krstic - 2007 - Filozofija I Društvo 18 (3):31-39.
    The intention of this paper is to revisit, once again the question asked by Adorno and Habermas and other contemporary thinkers under different headings, few decades ago. The author is suggesting that nowadays philosophy requires a final departure from the idea of having single and perennial face, and that this would not only allow, but also enable philosophy to test its various faces freely, that is, without norm or limit set in advance. At the same time, by creating such (...)
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  21.  16
    Was Verse the Default Form for Presocratic Philosophy?Catherine Osborne - 1998 - In Catherine Atherton (ed.), Form and Content in Didactic Poetry.
    I argue that philosophy was naturally conceived and written in verse, not prose, in the early years of philosophy, and that prose writing would be the exception not the norm. I argue that philosophers developed their ideas in verse and did not repackage ideas and thoughts first formulated in non-poetic genres, so there is no adaptation or modification involved in "putting it into poetry". This also means that the content and the form are interdependent, and the poetic details are (...)
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  22.  11
    The Discipline of the “Norm:” A Critical Appreciation of Erwin Strauss. [REVIEW]Richard M. Zaner - 2004 - Human Studies 27 (1):37-50.
    As a practicing physician (psychiatrist), scientist (neurologist) and philosopher, Erwin Straus developed a body of writing which, falling within the phenomenological tradition, is highly original and insightful. His unusual combination of work from these three areas constitutes one of the most important attempts to provide what has been called a new Paideia. Regarding this unique blend of perspectives and concerns as quite natural, he conceived his work variously as a medical anthropologyrdquo; or phenomenological psychology. In the end, he was both (...)
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    The Covenant of Reason: Rationality and the Commitments of Thought.Isaac Levi - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Isaac Levi is one of the preeminent philosophers in the areas of pragmatic rationality and epistemology. This collection of essays constitutes an important presentation of his original and influential ideas about rational choice and belief. A wide range of topics is covered, including consequentialism and sequential choice, consensus, voluntarism of belief, and the tolerance of the opinions of others. The essays elaborate on the idea that principles of rationality are norms that regulate the coherence of our beliefs and values with (...)
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  24.  15
    Thinking and Doing: The Philosophical Foundations of Institutions.Hector-Neri Castañeda - 1975 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
  25. New Essays on the Normativity of Law.Stefano Bertea & George Pavlakos (eds.) - 2011 - Hart.
     
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  26.  60
    The Transcendental Method and (Post-)Empiricist Philosophy of Science.Sami Pihlström & Arto Siitonen - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):81 - 106.
    This paper reconsiders the relation between Kantian transcendental reflection (including transcendental idealism) and 20th century philosophy of science. As has been pointed out by Michael Friedman and others, the notion of a "relativized a priori" played a central role in Rudolf Carnap's, Hans Reichenbach's and other logical empiricists' thought. Thus, even though the logical empiricists dispensed with Kantian synthetic a priori judgments, they did maintain a crucial Kantian doctrine, viz., a distinction between the (transcendental) level of establishing norms for empirical (...)
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  27.  45
    The Tribunal of Philosophy and its Norms: History and Philosophy in Georges Canguilhem's Historical Epistemology.C. Chimisso - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):297-327.
    In this article I assess Georges Canguilhem's historical epistemology with both theoretical and historical questions in mind. From a theoretical point of view, I am concerned with the relation between history and philosophy, and in particular with the philosophical assumptions and external norms that are involved in history writing. Moreover, I am concerned with the role that history can play in the understanding and evaluation of philosophical concepts. From a historical point of view, I regard historical epistemology, as developed by (...)
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  28.  3
    The Transcendental Method and Empiricist Philosophy of Science.Sami Pihlström & Arto Siitonen - 2005 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 36 (1):81-106.
    This paper reconsiders the relation between Kantian transcendental reflection and 20th century philosophy of science. As has been pointed out by Michael Friedman and others, the notion of a "relativized a priori" played a central role in Rudolf Carnap's, Hans Reichenbach's and other logical empiricists' thought. Thus, even though the logical empiricists dispensed with Kantian synthetic a priori judgments, they did maintain a crucial Kantian doctrine, viz., a distinction between the level of establishing norms for empirical inquiry and the level (...)
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  29.  13
    Methodological Norms in Traditional and Feminist Philosophy of Science.Elizabeth Potter - 1994 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1994:101 - 108.
    I argue against the assumption that the influence of non-cognitive values must lead to bad science and against the methodological norm that seems to some philosophers to follow from it, viz. that a good philosophy of science should analyze the morally and politically neutral production of good science. Against these, I argue for the assumption that non-cognitive values are compatible with good science and for the metaphilosophical norm that a good philosophy of science should allow us to see (...)
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  30.  12
    Kierkegaard and the "Existential" Philosophy.Dorothy M. Emmet - 1941 - Philosophy 16 (63):257 - 271.
    It is a wise child who knows his own father; and the climate of thought of a generation may be subtly changed without conscious recognition of the formative minds which have been, if not the parents, at least the godparents of that change. That is to say, they have sponsored the baptism of ideas which would only be safe so long as they renounced the world, the flesh, and the devil; but, as is so often the case, when the offspring (...)
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  31.  37
    Explaining Norms.Geoffrey Brennan, Lina Eriksson, Robert E. Goodin & Nicholas Southwood - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Norms are a pervasive yet mysterious feature of social life. In Explaining Norms, four philosophers and social scientists team up to grapple with some of the many mysteries, offering a comprehensive account of norms: what they are; how and why they emerge, persist and change; and how and to what extent they themselves serve to explain what we do. Norms, they argue, should be understood in non-reductive terms as clusters of normative attitudes that serve the function of making us accountable (...)
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  32. Kierkegaard and the “Existential” Philosophy.Dorothy M. Emmet - 1941 - Philosophy 16 (63):257.
    It is a wise child who knows his own father; and the climate of thought of a generation may be subtly changed without conscious recognition of the formative minds which have been, if not the parents, at least the godparents of that change. That is to say, they have sponsored the baptism of ideas which would only be safe so long as they renounced the world, the flesh, and the devil; but, as is so often the case, when the offspring (...)
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  33. Actions, Normativity, and History.Thomas Gil - 2010 - Wehrhahn.
     
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  34.  53
    The Structure of Values and Norms.Sven Ove Hansson - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Formal representations of values and norms are employed in several academic disciplines and specialties, such as economics, jurisprudence, decision theory and social choice theory. Sven Ove Hansson closely examines such foundational issues as the values of wholes and the values of their parts, the connections between values and norms, how values can be decision-guiding and the structure of normative codes with formal precision. Models of change in both preferences and norms are offered, as well as a method to base the (...)
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  35. Wykłady Lubelskie.John Paul - 2006 - Tow. Nauk. Katolickiego Uniwersytetu Lubelskiego.
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  36. Applied Philosophy: Problems and Applications.Sami Pihlström - 1999 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (1):121-133.
    This paper provides a critical discussion of the concept of applied philosophy. Writers specializing in applied philosophy often assume what is here called the traditional concept of applied philosophy, i.e., they think of themselves as applying a “pure” philosophical theory to some humanly important practical problem area. If understood along these lines, applied philosophy can be taken to be analogous toapplied science. However, this analogy collapses as soon as we realize that the “results” of applied philosophy cannot usually be regarded (...)
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  37.  31
    Reasons of One's Own.Maureen Sie, Marc Slors & Bert van den Brink (eds.) - 2004 - Ashgate.
    This book presents a range of investigative essays on the concept of reasons of one's own by leading authors from all relevant philosophical areas of expertise.
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  38.  40
    Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics.Mark Timmons (ed.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics is an annual forum for new work in normative ethical theory.
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  39. Jin Zhi Xing Fa Lü Gui Fan de Gai Nian.Zhixun Wei - 2008 - Shandong Ren Min Chu Ban She.
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  40. Gui Fan Tong Lun.Mengqiu Xu (ed.) - 2011 - Shang Wu Yin Shu Guan.
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  41. Causation, Norm Violation, and Culpable Control.Mark Alicke, David Rose & Dori Bloom - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy 108 (12):670-696.
    Causation is one of philosophy's most venerable and thoroughly-analyzed concepts. However, the study of how ordinary people make causal judgments is a much more recent addition to the philosophical arsenal. One of the most prominent views of causal explanation, especially in the realm of harmful or potentially harmful behavior, is that unusual or counternormative events are accorded privileged status in ordinary causal explanations. This is a fundamental assumption in psychological theories of counterfactual reasoning, and has been transported to philosophy by (...)
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  42.  75
    The Good, the Bad, and the Timely: How Temporal Order and Moral Judgment Influence Causal Selection.Kevin Reuter, Lara Kirfel, Raphael van Riel & Luca Barlassina - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:1-10.
    Causal selection is the cognitive process through which one or more elements in a complex causal structure are singled out as actual causes of a certain effect. In this paper, we report on an experiment in which we investigated the role of moral and temporal factors in causal selection. Our results are as follows. First, when presented with a temporal chain in which two human agents perform the same action one after the other, subjects tend to judge the later agent (...)
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  43.  6
    Norm-Expressivism and Regress.Tanyi Attila - forthcoming - South African Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper aims to investigate Allan Gibbard’s norm-expressivist account of normativity. In particular, the aim is to see whether Gibbard’s theory is able to account for the normativity of reason-claims. For this purpose, I first describe how I come to targeting Gibbard’s theory by setting out the main tenets of quasi-realism cum expressivism. After this, I provide a detailed interpretation of the relevant parts of Gibbard’s theory. I argue that the best reading of his account is the one that (...)
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  44.  20
    Norm and Nature: The Movements of Legal Thought.Roger A. Shiner - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    Is the nature of law to be formal procedure or to embody substantive value? This work deals with the traditional conflict in legal philosophy between positivistic and anti-positivistic theories of law. It examines the conflict with respect to seven central issues in legal philosophy--law as a reason for action, law and authority, the internal point of view to law, the acceptance of law, discretion and principle, interpretation and semantics, and law and the common good. This work argues that although this (...)
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  45.  77
    Beyond Reduction: What Can Philosophy of Mind Learn From Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science?Steven Horst - 2010 - The Order Project: Online Discussion Papers.
    Recent debates about the metaphysics of mind have tended to assume that inter-theoretic reductions are the norm in the natural sciences. With this assumption in place, the apparent explanatory gaps surrounding consciousness and intentionality seem unique, fascinating, and perhaps metaphysically significant. Over the past several decades, however, philosophers of science have largely rejected the notions that inter-theoretic reduction is either widespread in the natural sciences or a litmus for the legitimacy of the special sciences. If we adopt a post-reductionist (...)
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  46.  47
    Can the Knowledge Norm Co‐Opt the Opt Out?Kevin Dorst - 2014 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (4):273-282.
    The Knowledge Norm of Assertion claims that it is proper to assert that p only if one knows that p. Though supported by a wide range of evidence, it appears to generate incorrect verdicts when applied to utterances of “I don't know.” Instead of being an objection to KNA, I argue that this linguistic data shows that “I don't know” does not standardly function as a literal assertion about one's epistemic status; rather, it is an indirect speech act that (...)
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  47.  23
    Equality in Law and Philosophy.William E. O'Brian - 2011 - Inquiry 53 (3):257-284.
    This article discusses various arguments for and against treating equality as a fundamental norm in law and political philosophy, combining prior arguments to the effect that equality is essentially an empty idea with arguments that treat it as a non-empty but mistaken value that should be rejected. After concluding that most of the arguments for treating equality as a fundamental value fall victim to one or both of these arguments, it considers more closely arguments made by philosophers such as (...)
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  48. Good Science and Good Philosophy of Science.Elizabeth Potter - 1995 - Synthese 104 (3):423 - 439.
    I argue against the assumption that the influence of non-cognitive values must lead to bad science, opening the way for the thesis that non-cognitive values are compatible with good science. This, in turn, allows us to answer feminist questions, principally, How do gender politics influence science? without (1) having to reject the question a priori because theories of science assume that political values cannot influence good scientific work and (2) having made a case for the influence of gender politics upon (...)
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  49.  14
    Second Nature and Historical Change in Hegel’s Philosophy of History.Simon Lumsden - 2015 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (1):74-94.
    Hegel’s philosophy of history is fundamentally concerned with how shapes of life collapse and transition into new shapes of life. One of the distinguishing features of Hegel’s concern with how a shape of life falls apart and becomes inadequate is the role that habit plays in the transition. A shape of life is an embodied form of existence for Hegel. The animating concepts of a shape of life are affectively inscribed on subjects through complex cultural processes. This paper examines the (...)
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  50.  3
    On “Self-Realization” – The Ultimate Norm of Arne Naess’s Ecosophy T.Md Munir Hossain Talukder - 2016 - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 3 (2):219-235.
    This paper considers the foundation of self-realization and the sense of morality that could justify Arne Naess’s claim ‘Self-realization is morally neutral,’ by focusing on the recent debate among deep ecologists. Self-realization, the ultimate norm of Naess’s ecosophy T, is the realization of the maxim ‘everything is interrelated.’ This norm seems to be based on two basic principles: the diminishing of narrow ego, and the integrity between the human and non-human worlds. The paper argues that the former is (...)
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