139 found
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  1. Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly.Norman Daniels - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book by the award-winning author of Just Healthcare, Norman Daniels develops a comprehensive theory of justice for health that answers three key questions: what is the special moral importance of health? When are health inequalities unjust? How can we meet health needs fairly when we cannot meet them all? Daniels' theory has implications for national and global health policy: can we meet health needs fairly in ageing societies? Or protect health in the workplace while respecting individual liberty? Or (...)
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  2. Just Health Care.Norman Daniels - 1985 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    How should medical services be distributed within society? Who should pay for them? Is it right that large amounts should be spent on sophisticated technology and expensive operations, or would the resources be better employed in, for instance, less costly preventive measures? These and others are the questions addreses in this book. Norman Daniels examines some of the dilemmas thrown up by conflicting demands for medical attention, and goes on to advance a theory of justice in the distribution of health (...)
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  3.  86
    From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, written by four internationally renowned bioethicists and first published in 2000, was the first systematic treatment of the fundamental ethical issues underlying the application of genetic technologies to human beings. Probing the implications of the remarkable advances in genetics, the authors ask how should these affect our understanding of distributive justice, equality of opportunity, the rights and obligations as parents, the meaning of disability, and the role of the concept of human nature in ethical theory and practice. The (...)
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  4. Wide reflective equilibrium and theory acceptance in ethics.Norman Daniels - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (5):256-282.
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  5. From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2000 - Philosophy 76 (297):472-475.
    This book, written by four internationally renowned bioethicists and first published in 2000, was the first systematic treatment of the fundamental ethical issues underlying the application of genetic technologies to human beings. Probing the implications of the remarkable advances in genetics, the authors ask how should these affect our understanding of distributive justice, equality of opportunity, the rights and obligations as parents, the meaning of disability, and the role of the concept of human nature in ethical theory and practice. The (...)
     
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  6. Justice and Justification: Reflective Equilibrium in Theory and Practice.Norman Daniels - 1996 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    We all have beliefs, even strong convictions, about what is just and fair in our social arrangements. How should these beliefs and the theories of justice that incorporate them guide our thinking about practical matters of justice? This wide-ranging collection of essays by one of the foremost medical ethicists in the USA explores the claim that justification in ethics, whether of matters of theory or practice, involves achieving coherence between our moral and non-moral beliefs. Amongst the practical issues addressed in (...)
  7. From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2002 - Philosophical Quarterly 52 (208):423-425.
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  8. Justice, health, and healthcare.Norman Daniels - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):2 – 16.
    Healthcare (including public health) is special because it protects normal functioning, which in turn protects the range of opportunities open to individuals. I extend this account in two ways. First, since the distribution of goods other than healthcare affect population health and its distribution, I claim that Rawls's principles of justice describe a fair distribution of the social determinants of health, giving a partial account of when health inequalities are unjust. Second, I supplement a principled account of justice for health (...)
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  9. Limits to Health Care: Fair Procedures, Democratic Deliberation, and the Legitimacy Problem for Insurers.Norman Daniels & James Sabin - 1997 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 26 (4):303-350.
  10. Normal Functioning and the Treatment-Enhancement Distinction.Norman Daniels - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (3):309--322.
    The treatment-enhancement distinction draws a line between services or interventions meant to prevent or cure conditions that we view as diseases or disabilities and interventions that improve a condition that we view as a normal function or feature of members of our species. The line drawn here is widely appealed to in medical practice and medical insurance contexts, as well as in our everyday thinking about the medical services we do and should assist people in obtaining.
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  11. Am I my parents' keeper?: an essay on justice between the young and the old.Norman Daniels - 1988 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The rapidly increasing numbers of elderly people in our society have raised some important moral questions: How should we distribute social resources among different age groups? What does justice require from both the young and the old? In this book, Norman Daniels offers the first systematic philosophical discussion of these urgent questions, advocating what he calls a "lifespan" approach to the problem: Since, as they age, people pass through a variety of institutions, the challenge of caring for the elderly becomes (...)
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  12. Justice and Justification: Reflective Equilibrium in Theory and Practice.Norman Daniels - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (192):399-401.
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  13. Health-care needs and distributive justice.Norman Daniels - 1981 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 10 (2):146-179.
  14.  45
    Should Lack of Social Support Prevent Access to Organ Transplantation?Keren Ladin, Norman Daniels & Kelsey N. Berry - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):13-24.
    Transplantation programs commonly rely on clinicians’ judgments about patients’ social support (care from friends or family) when deciding whether to list them for organ transplantation. We examine whether using social support to make listing decisions for adults seeking transplantation is morally legitimate, drawing on recent data about the evidence-base, implementation, and potential impacts of the criterion on underserved and diverse populations. We demonstrate that the rationale for the social support criterion, based in the principle of utility, is undermined by its (...)
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  15.  88
    On some methods of ethics and linguistics.Norman Daniels - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (1):21 - 36.
  16. Reading Rawls: critical studies on Rawls' A theory of justice.Norman Daniels (ed.) - 1975 - Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
    Ackn o wledgments I owe special gratitude to Professors Hugo Adam Bedau and John Rawls for many helpful discussions of the general idea and scope, ...
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  17.  97
    Equity and Population Health: Toward a Broader Bioethics Agenda.Norman Daniels - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (4):22-35.
    Bioethics' traditional focus on clinical relationships and exotic technologies has led the field away from population health, health disparities, and issues of justice. The result: a myopic view that misses the institutional context in which clinical relationships operate and can overlook factors that affect health more broadly than do exotic technologies. A broader bioethics agenda would take up unresolved questions about the distribution of health and the development of fair policies that affect health distribution.
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  18. Reflective Equilibrium and Archimedean Points.Norman Daniels - 1980 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (1):83-103.
    In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls defines a hypothetical contract situation and argues rational people will agree on reflection it is fair to contractors. He solves the rational choice problem it poses by deriving two lexically-ordered principles of justice and suggests the derivation justifies the principles. Its soundness aside, just what justificatory force does such a derivation have?On one view, there is no justificatory force because the contract is rigged specifically to yield principles which match our pre-contract moral judgments. (...)
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  19.  35
    Am I My Parents' Keeper?Norman Daniels - 1982 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):517-540.
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  20.  55
    Thomas Reid's Inquiry: the geometry of visibles and the case for realism.Norman Daniels - 1974 - New York,: B. Franklin.
    Chapter I: The Geometry of Visibles 1 . The N on- Euclidean Geometry of Visibles In the chapter "The Geometry of Visibles" in Inquiry into the Human Mind, ...
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  21. Equality of what: Welfare, resources, or capabilities?Norman Daniels - 1990 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50:273-296.
  22.  35
    Am I My Parents' Keeper?Norman Daniels - 1992 - Noûs 26 (2):272-275.
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  23.  69
    Four Unsolved Rationing Problems A Challenge.Norman Daniels - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (4):27-29.
  24.  40
    From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Edward Stein, Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):130.
    In the months preceding the writing of this review, bioethics has been in the news a great deal. In congressional and public policy debates surrounding stem cell research, human cloning, and the Human Genome Project, bioethics and bioethicists have gained national attention and been subject to public scrutiny. Commentators have asked who these self-appointed moral experts are to tell us what is right and wrong.
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  25.  58
    Reasonable Disagreement about Identifed vs. Statistical Victims.Norman Daniels - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (1):35-45.
    People tend to contribute more—and think they have stronger obligations to contribute more—to rescuing an identified victim rather than a statistical one. Indeed, they are often disposed to contribute more to rescuing a single identified victim than a greater number of statistical ones. By an “identified victim,” I mean Terry Q., lying injured in the passenger seat of the wrecked automobile on the corner of Main Street and Broadway, or Jessica McClure, the child who fell into the Texas well in (...)
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  26. Am I my Parents' Keeper.Norman Daniels & Daniel Callahan - 1989 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (3):297-312.
     
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  27. Can anyone really be talking about ethically modifying human nature.Norman Daniels - 2009 - In Julian Savulescu & Nick Bostrom (eds.), Human Enhancement. Oxford University Press. pp. 25--42.
     
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  28.  73
    Rationing fairly: Programmatic considerations.Norman Daniels - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (2-3):224-233.
  29.  57
    Determining “Medical Necessity” in Mental Health Practice.James E. Sabin & Norman Daniels - 1994 - Hastings Center Report 24 (6):5-13.
    Should mental health insurance cover only disorders found in DSM‐IV, or should it be extended to treatment for ordinary shyness, unhappiness, and other responses to life's hard knocks?
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  30.  55
    Duty to Treat or Right to Refuse?Norman Daniels - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (2):36-46.
    By entering the medical profession, physicians have consented to accept a standard level of risk of infection. In most instances, the risk of contracting HIV does not exceed this level.
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  31.  20
    Reading Rawls.Keith Graham & Norman Daniels - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (111):179.
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  32. Making Fair Choices on the Path to Universal Health Coverage.Ole Frithjof Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, Bona Chitah, Richard Cookson, Norman Daniels, Nir Eyal, Walter Flores, Axel Gosseries, Daniel Hausman, Samia Hurst, Lydia Kapiriri, Toby Ord, Shlomi Segall, Frehiwot Defaye, Alex Voorhoeve & Alicia Yamin - 2014 - World Health Organisation.
    This report by the WHO Consultative Group on Equity and Universal Health Coverage addresses how countries can make fair progress towards the goal of universal coverage. It explains the relevant tradeoffs between different desirable ends and offers guidance on how to make these tradeoffs.
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  33. Democratic equality: Rawls's complex egalitarianism.Norman Daniels - 2002 - In Samuel Freeman (ed.), The Cambridge companion to Rawls. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 241--76.
  34.  28
    Four Unsolved Rationing Problems A Challenge.Norman Daniels, Francis M. Kamm, Eric Rakowski, John Broome & M. A. Bailey - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 24 (4):27-29.
  35.  33
    How important is social support in determining patients’ suitability for transplantation? Results from a National Survey of Transplant Clinicians.Keren Ladin, Joanna Emerson, Zeeshan Butt, Elisa J. Gordon, Douglas W. Hanto, Jennifer Perloff, Norman Daniels & Tara A. Lavelle - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):666-674.
    BackgroundNational guidelines require programmes use subjective assessments of social support when determining transplant suitability, despite limited evidence linking it to outcomes. We examined how transplant providers weigh the importance of social support for kidney transplantation compared with other factors, and variation by clinical role and personal beliefs.MethodsThe National survey of the American Society of Transplant Surgeons and the Society of Transplant Social Work in 2016. Using a discrete choice approach, respondents compared two hypothetical patient profiles and selected one for transplantation. (...)
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  36. Benchmarks of Fairness for Health Care Reform.Norman Daniels, Donald W. Light & Ronald L. Caplan - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (4):605.
  37. Justice and access to health care.Norman Daniels - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Many societies, and nearly all wealthy, developed countries, provide universal access to a broad range of public health and personal medical services. Is such access to health care a requirement of social justice, or is it simply a matter of social policy that some countries adopt and others do not? If it is a requirement of social justice, we should be clear about what kinds of care we owe people and how we determine what care is owed if we cannot (...)
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  38. Merit and meritocracy.Norman Daniels - 1978 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 7 (3):206-223.
  39.  21
    The Ends of Human Life: Medical Ethics in a Liberal Polity.Norman Daniels, Troyen A. Brennan & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):41.
    Book reviewed in this article: Just Doctoring: Medical Ethics in the Liberal State. By Troyen A. Brennan. The Ends of Human Life: Medical Ethics in a Liberal Polity. By Ezekiel J. Emanuel.
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  40.  42
    Last Chance Therapies and Managed Care: Pluralism, Fair Procedures, and Legitimacy.Norman Daniels & James E. Sabin - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (2):27-42.
    How can health plans make fair determinations about when “experimental” (and costly) treatments such as high dose chemotherapy with autologous bone marrow transplantation should be covered despite lack of clear clinical consensus about their benefits? Different models for managing “last chance” therapies evolving in some health plans offer promising examples of how issues of fairness and legitimacy in decisionmaking can be addressed.
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  41.  92
    Moral Theory and the Plasticity of Persons.Norman Daniels - 1979 - The Monist 62 (3):265-287.
    There is a hoary tradition in moral philosophy that assumes we cannot determine which moral theory is acceptable or correct unless we have available a correct theory of human nature, or, in its more modern form, of the person. With such a theory of the person, however, we could at least narrow down the choice among competing ethical theories. A more recent tradition, at least in one of its standard interpretations, agrees it would be necessary to have a correct theory (...)
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  42. Thomas Reid's discovery of a non-euclidean geometry.Norman Daniels - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (2):219-234.
    Independently of any eighteenth century work on the geometry of parallels, Thomas Reid discovered the non-euclidean "geometry of visibles" in 1764. Reid's construction uses an idealized eye, incapable of making distance discriminations, to specify operationally a two dimensional visible space and a set of objects, the visibles. Reid offers sample theorems for his doubly elliptical geometry and proposes a natural model, the surface of the sphere. His construction draws on eighteenth century theory of vision for some of its technical features (...)
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  43.  18
    Measuring Justice: Primary Goods and Capabilities.Thomas Pogge, Erin Kelly, Elizabeth Anderson, Norman Daniels, Lorella Terzi & Colin M. Macleod (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book brings together a team of leading theorists to address the question 'What is the right measure of justice?' Some contributors, following Amartya Sen and Martha Nussbaum, argue that we should focus on capabilities, or what people are able to do and to be. Others, following John Rawls, argue for focussing on social primary goods, the goods which society produces and which people can use. Still others see both views as incomplete and complementary to one another. Their essays evaluate (...)
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  44.  39
    Why We Should Care About the Social Determinants of Health.Norman Daniels - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):37-38.
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  45.  39
    Health and inequality, or, why justice is good for our health.Norman Daniels, Bruce Kennedy & Ichiro Kawachi - 2004 - In Sudhir Anand, Fabienne Peter & Amartya Sen (eds.), Public Health, Ethics, and Equity. Oxford University Press. pp. 63--91.
  46.  70
    Justice between adjacent generations: Further thoughts.Norman Daniels - 2008 - Journal of Political Philosophy 16 (4):475-494.
  47.  32
    Am I My Parents' Keeper? An Essay on Justice Between the Young and the Old.James P. Sterba & Norman Daniels - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):479.
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  48. Individual and social responsibility for health.Norman Daniels - 2011 - In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and distributive justice. Oxford University Press UK. pp. 266--286.
  49.  98
    Is There a Right to Health Care and, If So, What Does It Encompass?Norman Daniels - 2009 - In Helga Kuhse & Peter Singer (eds.), A Companion to Bioethics. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 362–372.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Is There a Right to Health Care? What Does a Right to Health Care Include? Choice or Consent and the Exercise of our Right to Health Care References.
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  50.  25
    The Idea of a Political Liberalism: Essays on Rawls.Samantha Brennan, Claudia Card, Bernard Dauenhauer, Marilyn A. Friedman, Dale Jamieson, Richard Arneson, Clark Wolf, Robert Nagle, James Nickel, Christoph Fehige, Norman Daniels & Robert Noggle - 1999 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In this unique volume, some of today's most eminent political philosophers examine the thought of John Rawls, focusing in particular on his most recent work. These original essays explore diverse issues, including the problem of pluralism, the relationship between constitutive commitment and liberal institutions, just treatment of dissident minorities, the constitutional implications of liberalism, international relations, and the structure of international law. The first comprehensive study of Rawls's recent work, The Idea of Political Liberalism will be indispensable for political philosophers (...)
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