Results for 'Norman Horn'

999 found
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  1.  24
    Can the Government Solve Transportation Pollution?Norman Horn - 2009 - Ethics, Place and Environment 12 (2):149 – 156.
    Most people presume that government is always responsible for providing solutions to pollution problems, including transportation pollution. This paper examines the validity of this argument from a minarchist libertarian, property rights principles perspective, and concludes that government cannot solve these problems using command-and-control legislation. The primary policy suggested for government to adopt is the strict adherence to property rights protection and enforcement regarding polluters, including themselves. Further encouragement of market forces could be accomplished by stopping interference within the market at (...)
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  2.  27
    Proteomics and Beyond : A Report on the 3rd Annual Spring Workshop of the HUPO-PSI 21-23 April 2006, San Francisco, CA, USA. [REVIEW]Sandra Orchard, Rolf Apweiler, Robert Barkovich, Dawn Field, John S. Garavelli, David Horn, Andy Jones, Philip Jones, Randall Julian, Ruth McNally, Jason Nerothin, Norman Paton, Angel Pizarro, Sean Seymour, Chris Taylor, Stefan Wiemann & Henning Hermjakob - 2006 - .
    The theme of the third annual Spring workshop of the HUPO-PSI was proteomics and beyond and its underlying goal was to reach beyond the boundaries of the proteomics community to interact with groups working on the similar issues of developing interchange standards and minimal reporting requirements. Significant developments in many of the HUPO-PSI XML interchange formats, minimal reporting requirements and accompanying controlled vocabularies were reported, with many of these now feeding into the broader efforts of the Functional Genomics Experiment data (...)
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  3. Like the Rhinoceros, or Like Its Horn? The Problem of Khaggavisāṇa Revisited.Dhivan Thomas Jones - 2015 - Buddhist Studies Review 31 (2):165-178.
    The Pāli expression khaggavisāṇakappo may either mean ‘like the rhinoceros’ or ‘like the horn of the rhinoceros’. It occurs in the refrain eko care khaggavisāṇakappo at the end of each stanza of the Khaggavisāṇasutta and its parallels, and the refrain has been translated by some as ‘one should wander alone like the rhinoceros’ but by some, including K.R. Norman, as ‘one should wander alone like the horn of the rhinoceros’. K.R. Norman has however set out his (...)
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  4.  28
    Wittgenstein and Idealism: Norman Malcolm.Norman Malcolm - 1982 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 13:249-267.
    Recently some philosophers have proposed that the later philosophy of Wittgenstein tends towards idealism, or even solipsism. The solipsism is said to be of a peculiar kind. It is characterized as a ‘collective’ or ‘aggregative’ solipsism. The solipsism or idealism is also said to be ‘transcendental’. In the first part of this paper I will be examining a recent essay by Professor Bernard Williams, in which he presents what he takes to be the grounds for such an interpretation of Wittgenstein. (...)
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  5.  68
    Reasoned Faith: Essays in Philosophical Theology in Honor of Norman Kretzmann.Eleonore Stump & Norman Kretzmann (eds.) - 1993 - Cornell University Press.
  6. A Natural History of Negation.Laurence Horn - 1989 - University of Chicago Press.
     
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  7. Applied Ethics: What is Applied to What?: Richard Norman.Richard Norman - 2000 - Utilitas 12 (2):119-136.
    This paper criticizes the conception of applied ethics as the top-down application of a theory to practical issues. It is argued that a theory such as utilitarianism cannot override our intuitive moral perceptions. We cannot be radically mistaken about the kinds of considerations which count as practical reasons, and it is the task of theoretical ethics to articulate the basic kinds of considerations which we appeal to in practical discussions. Dworkin's model of doing ethics ‘from the inside out’ is used (...)
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  8.  90
    Symposium on the Rationing of Health Care: 2 Rationing Medical Care — A Philosopher's Perspective on Outcomes and Process: Norman Daniels.Norman Daniels - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (1):27-50.
  9.  56
    Libertarianism: Some Conceptual Problems: Norman Barry.Norman Barry - 1989 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 26:109-127.
    Perhaps the most remarkable event in social thought of the last twenty years has been the resurgence of various strands of individualism as political doctrines. The term ‘individualism’ is a kind of general rubric that encompasses elements of nineteenth century classical liberalism, laissez-faire economics, the theory of the minimal state, and an extreme mutation out of this intellectual gene pool, anarcho-capitalism. The term libertarianism itself is applied indiscriminately to all of those doctrines. It has no precise meaning, except that in (...)
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  10. Implicature.Larry Horn - manuscript
    1. Implicature: some basic oppositions IMPLICATURE is a component of speaker meaning that constitutes an aspect of what is meant in a speaker’s utterance without being part of what is said. What a speaker intends to communicate is characteristically far richer than what she directly expresses; linguistic meaning radically underdetermines the message conveyed and understood. Speaker S tacitly exploits pragmatic principles to bridge this gap and counts on hearer H to invoke the same principles for the purposes of utterance interpretation. (...)
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  11. A Discussion Between Wittgenstein and Moore on Certainty : From the Notes of Norman Malcolm.Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. E. Moore, Norman Malcolm & Gabriel Citron - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):73-84.
    In April 1939, G. E. Moore read a paper to the Cambridge University Moral Science Club entitled ‘Certainty’. In it, amongst other things, Moore made the claims that: the phrase ‘it is certain’ could be used with sense-experience-statements, such as ‘I have a pain’, to make statements such as ‘It is certain that I have a pain’; and that sense-experience-statements can be said to be certain in the same sense as some material-thing-statements can be — namely in the sense that (...)
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  12.  85
    Euthanasia and End-of-Life Practices in France and Germany. A Comparative Study.Ruth Horn - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):197-209.
    The objective of this paper is to understand from a sociological perspective how the moral question of euthanasia, framed as the “right to die”, emerges and is dealt with in society. It takes France and Germany as case studies, two countries in which euthanasia is prohibited and which have similar legislation on the issue. I presuppose that, and explore how, each society has its own specificities in terms of practical, social and political norms that affect the ways in which they (...)
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  13.  17
    Jesse Norman. After Euclid: Visual Reasoning and the Epistemology of Diagrams. Stanford: CSLI Publications, 2006. ISBN 1-57586-509-2 ; 1-57586-510-6 . Pp. Vii +176. [REVIEW]Jesse Norman - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (1):116-121.
    This monograph treats the important topic of the epistemology of diagrams in Euclidean geometry. Norman argues that diagrams play a genuine justificatory role in traditional Euclidean arguments, and he aims to account for these roles from a modified Kantian perspective. Norman considers himself a semi-Kantian in the following broad sense: he believes that Kant was right that ostensive constructions are necessary in order to follow traditional Euclidean proofs, but he wants to avoid appealing to Kantian a priori intuition (...)
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  14.  24
    “I Don’T Need My Patients’ Opinion to Withdraw Treatment”: Patient Preferences at the End-of-Life and Physician Attitudes Towards Advance Directives in England and France.Ruth Horn - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (3):425-435.
    This paper presents the results of a qualitative interview study exploring English and French physicians’ moral perspectives and attitudes towards end-of-life decisions when patients lack capacity to make decisions for themselves. The paper aims to examine the importance physicians from different contexts accord to patient preferences and to explore the role of advance directives in each context. The interviews focus on problems that emerge when deciding to withdraw/-hold life-sustaining treatment from both conscious and unconscious patients; decision-making procedures and the participation (...)
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  15.  33
    Memory as Direct Awareness of the Past: Norman Malcolm.Norman Malcolm - 1975 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 9:1-22.
    The philosophy of memory has been largely dominated by what could be called ‘the representative theory of memory’. In trying to give an account of ‘what goes on in one's mind’ when one remembers something, or of what ‘the mental content of remembering’ consists, philosophers have usually insisted that there must be some sort of mental image, picture, or copy of what is remembered. Aristotle said that there must be ‘something like a picture or impression’; William James thought that there (...)
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  16. Norman O. Brown.Norman O. Brown & S. E. Pro - 1989 - In Richard Kostelanetz (ed.), Esthetics Contemporary. Prometheus Books. pp. 114.
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  17.  15
    Norman Levitt. Reviewed Work: The Undiscovered Mind: How the Human Brain Defies Replication, Medication, and Explanation by John Horgan. [REVIEW]Norman Levitt - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (2):346-347.
  18.  49
    On Moral Objections to Moral Realism.Justin Horn - 2020 - Journal of Value Inquiry 54 (2):345-354.
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  19.  8
    Organization of Abilities and the Development of Intelligence.John L. Horn - 1968 - Psychological Review 75 (3):242-259.
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  20.  18
    Democracy Naturalised.Walter Horn & Richard Marshall - 2021 - 3:16 8:1-12.
  21.  49
    Merricks’s Soulless Savior.Luke Van Horn - 2010 - Faith and Philosophy 27 (3):330-341.
    Trenton Merricks has recently argued that substance dualist accounts of embodiment and humanness do not cohere well with the Incarnation. He has also claimed that physicalism about human persons avoids this problem, which should lead Christians to be physicalists. In this paper, I argue that there are plausible dualist accounts of embodiment and humanness that avoid his objections. Furthermore, I argue that physicalism is inconsistent with the Incarnation.
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  22.  54
    Toward a Fregean Pragmatics: Voraussetzung, Nebengedanke, Andeutung.Larry Horn - manuscript
    In I. Kecskes & L. Horn (eds.) Explorations in Pragmatics: Linguistic, Cognitive, and Interculural Aspects. Mouton: 39-69.
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  23.  10
    The Border Wars: A Neo-Gricean Perspective.Laurence R. Horn - manuscript
  24. Handbook of Pragmatics.Laurence R. Horn & Gregory Ward (eds.) - 2004 - Blackwell.
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  25.  33
    Exclusive Company: Only and the Dynamics of Vertical Inference.L. Horn - 1996 - Journal of Semantics 13 (1):1-40.
    The semantics of only says this: it asserts that no proposition from the set of relevant contrasts C other than the one expressed by its sister sentence α is true. There is in addition an implicature that α is in fact true. There is an industry devoted to the issue of whether the latter ingredient is an implicature (conversational or conventional), a presupposition, or part of the truth-conditions…For our purposes, we don't need to decide.
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  26. Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Memoir.Norman Malcolm - 2001 - Clarendon Press.
    Wittgenstein was one of the most powerful influences on contemporary philosophy, yet he shunned publicity and was essentially a private man. This remarkable, vivid, personal memoir is written by one of his friends, the eminent philosopher Norman Malcolm. Reissued in paperback, this edition includes the complete text of fifty-seven letters which Wittgenstein wrote to Malcolm over a period of eleven years. Also included is a concise biographical sketch by another of Wittgenstein's philosopher friends, Georg Henrik von Wright. 'A reader (...)
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  27. Signalling Games Select Horn Strategies.Robert van Rooy - 2004 - Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (4):493-527.
    In this paper I will discuss why (un) marked expressionstypically get an (un)marked interpretation: Horn''sdivision of pragmatic labor. It is argued that it is aconventional fact that we use language this way.This convention will be explained in terms ofthe equilibria of signalling games introduced byLewis (1969), but now in an evolutionary setting. Iwill also relate this signalling game analysis withParikh''s (1991, 2000, 2001) game-theoretical analysis ofsuccessful communication, which in turn is compared withBlutner''s: 2000) bi-directional optimality theory.
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  28.  9
    An Ethical Analysis of the SUPPORT Trial: Addressing Challenges Posed by a Pragmatic Comparative Effectiveness Randomized Controlled Trial.Austin R. Horn, Charles Weijer, Jeremy Grimshaw, Jamie Brehaut, Dean Fergusson, Cory E. Goldstein & Monica Taljaard - 2018 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 28 (1):85-118.
    Pragmatic comparative effectiveness randomized controlled trials evaluate the effectiveness of one interventions under real-world clinical conditions. The results of ceRCTs are often directly generalizable to everyday clinical practice, providing information critical to decision-making by patients, clinicians, and healthcare policymakers. The PRECIS-2 framework identifies nine domains that serve to score a trial on a continuum between very explanatory to very pragmatic. According to the framework, pragmatic trials may have one or more of the following features: there are fewer eligibility criteria for (...)
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  29.  31
    Logic with Truth Values in a Linearly Ordered Heyting Algebra.Alfred Horn - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (3):395-408.
  30.  43
    Lie-Toe-Tease: Double Negatives and Unexcluded Middles.Laurence Horn - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (1):79-103.
    Litotes, “a figure of speech in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of the contrary” has had some tough reviews. For Pope and Swift, litotes—stock examples include “no mean feat”, “no small problem”, and “not bad at all”—is “the peculiar talent of Ladies, Whisperers, and Backbiters”; for Orwell, it is a means to affect “an appearance of profundity” that we can deport from English “by memorizing this sentence: A not unblack dog was chasing a not unsmall rabbit across (...)
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  31.  48
    A Commentary to Kant's 'Critique of Pure Reason'.Norman Kemp Smith - 1918 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Of all the major philosophical works, Kant's Critique of Pure Reason is one of the most rewarding, yet one of the most difficult. Norman Kemp Smith's Commentary elucidates not only textural questions and minor issues, but also the central problems which arise, he contends, from the conflicting tendencies of Kant's own thinking. Kemp Smith's Commentary continues to be in demand with Kant scholars, and it is being reissued here with a new introduction by Sebastian Gardner to set it in (...)
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  32.  15
    Logics of Political Secrecy.Eva Horn - 2011 - Theory, Culture and Society 28 (7-8):103-122.
    In the modern age, the political secret has acquired a bad reputation. With modern democracy’s ideal of transparency, political secrecy is identified with political crime or corruption. The article argues that this repression of secrecy in modern democracies falls short of a substantial understanding of the structure and workings of political secrecy. By outlining a genealogy of political secrecy, it elucidates the logic as well as the blind spots of a current culture of secrecy. It focuses on two fundamental logics (...)
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  33.  69
    Short-Circuited Implicature: A Negative Contribution. [REVIEW]Laurence R. Horn & Samuel Bayer - 1984 - Linguistics and Philosophy 7 (4):397 - 414.
  34.  43
    Fuzzy Horn Logic I.Radim Bělohlávek & Vilém Vychodil - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (1):3-51.
    The paper presents generalizations of results on so-called Horn logic, well-known in universal algebra, to the setting of fuzzy logic. The theories we consider consist of formulas which are implications between identities (equations) with premises weighted by truth degrees. We adopt Pavelka style: theories are fuzzy sets of formulas and we consider degrees of provability of formulas from theories. Our basic structure of truth degrees is a complete residuated lattice. We derive a Pavelka-style completeness theorem (degree of provability equals (...)
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  35.  30
    Freedom, Law and Authority: Norman Barry.Norman Barry - 1988 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 24:191-223.
    Despite the emphasis on the state in the history of political philosophy, the twentieth century has been characterized by a remarkable lack of philosophical reflection on the concept. Until recently analytical philosophy had eschewed those evaluative arguments about political obligation and the limits of state authority that were typical of political theory in the past in favour of the explication of the meaning of the concept. However, even here the results have been disappointing. Logical Positivist attempts to locate some unique (...)
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  36.  36
    Psychological Egoism Revisited: Norman J. Brown.Norman J. Brown - 1979 - Philosophy 54 (209):293-309.
    Psychological egoism is, I suppose, regarded by most philosophers as one of the more simple-minded fallacies in the history of philosophy, and dangerous and seductive too, contriving as it does to combine cynicism about human ideals and a vague sense of scientific method, both of which make the ordinary reader feel sophisticated, with conceptual confusion, which he cannot resist. For all of these reasons it springs eternal, in one form or another, in the breasts of first-year students, and offers excellent (...)
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  37.  27
    Fuzzy Horn Logic II.Radim Bělohlávek & Vilém Vychodil - 2006 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 45 (2):149-177.
    The paper studies closure properties of classes of fuzzy structures defined by fuzzy implicational theories, i.e. theories whose formulas are implications between fuzzy identities. We present generalizations of results from the bivalent case. Namely, we characterize model classes of general implicational theories, finitary implicational theories, and Horn theories by means of closedness under suitable algebraic constructions.
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  38. Presupposition and Implicature.Laurence Horn - 1996 - In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Blackwell Reference. pp. 299--319.
     
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  39.  43
    The Separation Theorem of Intuitionist Propositional Calculus.Alfred Horn - 1962 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 27 (4):391-399.
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  40. The Philosophy of David Hume: A Critical Study of its Origins and Central Doctrines.Norman Kemp Smith - 1941 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Norman Kemp Smith's The Philosophy of David Hume continues to be unsurpassed in its comprehensive coverage of the ideas and issues of Hume's Treatise. Now, after years of waiting, this currently out-of-print and highly sought-after classic is being re-issued. This ground-breaking book has long been regarded as a classic study by scholars in the field, yet a new introduction by Don Garrett places the book in its contemporary context, showing Humes's continuing importance in the field.
     
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  41.  84
    Moral Realism, Fundamental Moral Disagreement, and Moral Reliability.Justin Horn - 2017 - Journal of Value Inquiry 51 (3):363-381.
  42.  51
    Powers and Faden's Theory of Social Justice Applied to the Problem of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in South Africa.L. Horn - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):3-10.
    South Africa has the highest rate of foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in the world. The problem of alcohol abuse in pregnancy has very deep historical roots that are intertwined with the injustices of both apartheid and pre-apartheid colonialism. Much of the research that is being done in these communities is focused on identifying the epidemiological variables associated with these patterns of alcohol abuse. The underlying reasons as to why these patterns continue seem to remain largely obscured from view. In this (...)
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  43.  16
    Platon: Symposion.Christoph Horn (ed.) - 2012 - Akademie Verlag.
  44.  11
    The ‘French Exception’: The Right to Continuous Deep Sedation at the End of Life.Ruth Horn - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (3):204-205.
    In 2016, a law came into force in France granting terminally ill patients the right to continuous deep sedation until death. This right was proposed as an alternative to euthanasia and presented as the ‘French response’ to problems at the end of life. The law draws a distinction between CDS and euthanasia and other forms of sympton control at the end of life. France is the first country in the world to legislate on CDS. This short report describes the particular (...)
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  45. Public Health and Social Justice: Forging the Links.L. Horn - 2015 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 8 (2):26.
    The purpose of this article is to explore the concept and scope of public health and to argue that particularly in low-income contexts, where social injustice and poverty often impact significantly on the overall health of the population, the link between public health and social justice should be a very firm one. Furthermore, social justice in these contexts must be understood as not simply a matter for local communities and nation-states, but in so far as public health is concerned, as (...)
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  46. The Credibility of Divine Existence: The Collected Papers of Norman Kemp Smith.Norman Kemp Smith - 1967 - New York: St. Martin's Press.
     
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  47. Epistemic Closure, Home Truths, and Easy Philosophy.Walter Horn - 2018 - Journal of Philosophy 115 (1):34-51.
    In spite of the intuitiveness of epistemic closure, there has been a stubborn stalemate regarding whether it is true, largely because some of the “Moorean” things we seem to know easily seem clearly to entail “heavyweight” philosophical things that we apparently cannot know easily—or perhaps even at all. In this paper, I will show that two widely accepted facts about what we do and don’t know—facts with which any minimally acceptable understanding of knowledge must comport—are jointly inconsistent with the truth (...)
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  48.  7
    The 'French exception: the right to continuous deep sedation at the end of life.R. Horn - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (3):204-205.
    In 2016, a law came into force in France granting terminally ill patients the right to continuous deep sedation until death. This right was proposed as an alternative to euthanasia and presented as the ‘French response’ to problems at the end of life. The law draws a distinction between CDS and euthanasia and other forms of sympton control at the end of life. France is the first country in the world to legislate on CDS. This short report describes the particular (...)
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  49.  8
    The Right to a Self-Determined Death as Expression of the Right to Freedom of Personal Development: The German Constitutional Court Takes a Clear Stand on Assisted Suicide.Ruth Horn - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):416-417.
    On 26 February 2020, the German Constitutional Court rejected a law from 2015 that prohibited any form of ‘business-like’ assisted suicide as unconstitutional. The landmark ruling of the highest federal court emphasised the high priority given to the rights of autonomy and free personal development, both of which constitute the principle of human dignity, the first principle of the German constitution. The ruling echoes particularities of post-war Germany’s end-of-life debate focusing on patient self-determination while rejecting any discussion of active assistance (...)
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  50.  43
    Free L-Algebras.Alfred Horn - 1969 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (3):475-480.
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