Results for 'Norman J. Waitzman'

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  1. The Cost of Birth Defects: Estimates of the Value of Protection.Norman J. Waitzman, Richard M. Scheffler & Patrick S. Romano - 1996 - Upa.
    This book uses an incidence approach to look at the economic repercussions of birth defects. The authors investigate eighteen of the most clinically significant birth defects affecting 35,000 newborns each year in our country. Their assessments suggest that the annual cost of these eighteen birth defects, together, is more than eight billion dollars . The authors describe in detail their methodology and data sources while providing thorough accounts of each of the eighteen birth defects. Waitzman, Scheffler, and Romano break (...)
     
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  2. Can There Be a Just War?: Norman Can There Be a Just War?Richard J. Norman - 2004 - Think 3 (8):7-16.
    Richard Norman examines justifications for war that are rooted in the right of self-defence.
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  3. Metaphysics and Morality: Essays in Honour of J.J.C. Smart.J. J. C. Smart, Philip Pettit, Richard Sylvan & Jean Norman (eds.) - 1987 - Blackwell.
     
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  4.  13
    Book Review: The Obesity Epidemic: Science, Morality and Ideology by M. Gard and J. Wright London: Routledge, 2005, Pp. 218, ISBN 0415318955. [REVIEW]Moss Edward Norman - 2007 - Body and Society 13 (4):118-121.
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  5. The Obesity Epidemic: Science, Morality and Ideology by M. Gard and J. Wright.M. E. Norman - 2007 - Body and Society 13 (4):118.
     
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  6.  27
    Gradations of Awareness in a Modified Sequence Learning Task.Elisabeth Norman, Mark C. Price, Simon C. Duff & Rune A. Mentzoni - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):809-837.
    We argue performance in the serial reaction time task is associated with gradations of awareness that provide examples of fringe consciousness [Mangan, B. . Taking phenomenology seriously: the “fringe” and its implications for cognitive research. Consciousness and Cognition, 2, 89–108, Mangan, B. . The conscious “fringe”: Bringing William James up to date. In B. J. Baars, W. P. Banks & J. B. Newman , Essential sources in the scientific study of consciousness . Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.], and address limitations (...)
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  7. Paraconsistent Logic: Essays on the Inconsistent.G. Priest, R. Routley & J. Norman (eds.) - 1989 - Philosophia Verlag.
     
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  8.  3
    The Conimbricenses, Descartes, Arnauld, and the Two Ideas of the Sun.J. Norman - 2003 - Modern Schoolman 81 (1):27-56.
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  9.  10
    The Truth (and Untruth) of Language.I. I. Fischer & J. Norman - 2011 - Review of Metaphysics 64 (4):884-885.
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  10.  8
    Jean DuHamel, The Cartesians, and Arnauld on Idea.J. Norman - 1999 - Modern Schoolman 76 (4):245-271.
  11. Eustache of St. Paul and Eternal Essences.J. Norman - 2002 - Modern Schoolman 79 (4):277-304.
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  12. Beyond Mind-Reading: Multi-Voxel Pattern Analysis of fMRI Data.Kenneth A. Norman, Sean M. Polyn, Greg J. Detre & James V. Haxby - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (9):424-430.
  13.  18
    A Context Maintenance and Retrieval Model of Organizational Processes in Free Recall.Sean M. Polyn, Kenneth A. Norman & Michael J. Kahana - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (1):129-156.
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  14.  20
    Emotion, Somatovisceral Afference, and Autonomic Regulation.Greg J. Norman, Gary G. Berntson & John T. Cacioppo - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (2):113-123.
  15.  6
    Towards a Richer Model of Deliberation Dialogue: Closure Problem and Change of Circumstances.Douglas Walton, Alice Toniolo & Timothy J. Norman - 2016 - Argument and Computation 7 (2-3):155-173.
  16.  40
    Current Emotion Research in Psychophysiology: The Neurobiology of Evaluative Bivalence.Greg J. Norman, Catherine J. Norris, Jackie Gollan, Tiffany A. Ito, Louise C. Hawkley, Jeff T. Larsen, John T. Cacioppo & Gary G. Berntson - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):349-359.
    Evaluative processes have their roots in early evolutionary history, as survival is dependent on an organism’s ability to identify and respond appropriately to positive, rewarding or otherwise salubrious stimuli as well as to negative, noxious, or injurious stimuli. Consequently, evaluative processes are ubiquitous in the animal kingdom and are represented at multiple levels of the nervous system, including the lowest levels of the neuraxis. While evolution has sculpted higher level evaluative systems into complex and sophisticated information-processing networks, they do not (...)
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  17.  20
    Exogenous Attention to Unseen Objects?Liam J. Norman, Charles A. Heywood & Robert W. Kentridge - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:319-329.
  18. Equality, Envy, and the Sense of Injustice.Richard J. Norman - 2002 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (1):43–54.
    This paper attempts to defend the value of equality against the accusation that it is an expression of irrational and disreputable feelings of envy of those who are better off. It draws on Rawls’ account of the sense of justice to suggest that resentment of inequalities may be a proper resentment of injustice. The case of resentment of ‘free riders’ is taken as one plausible example of a justified resentment of those who benefit unfairly from a scheme of cooperation. Further (...)
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  19.  43
    Comment: Laterality and Evaluative Bivalence: A Neuroevolutionary Perspective.Gary G. Berntson, Greg J. Norman & John T. Cacioppo - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):344-346.
    Rutherford and Lindell (2011) review an extensive literature on lateralization of emotion. As they note, an important issue surrounding this question is the nature of emotion, which bears on what, precisely, is lateralized. The present comments are intended to broaden the context of the review, by considering lateralization from the standpoint of a bivariate model of evaluative processes and a neuroevolutionary perspective.
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  20.  27
    Comment: Emotional and Autonomic Arousal Constructs in Psychophysiological Research: Where Do We Go From Here?Greg J. Norman - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (1):79-80.
  21. Computational Models of Episodic Memory.Kenneth A. Norman, G. J. Detre & Sean M. Polyn - 2008 - In Ron Sun (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Computational Psychology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 189--224.
     
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  22.  8
    Nonmonotonic Plasticity: How Memory Retrieval Drives Learning.Victoria J. H. Ritvo, Nicholas B. Turk-Browne & Kenneth A. Norman - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (9):726-742.
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  23.  91
    A Formal Characterisation of Hamblin’s Action-State Semantics.Chris Reed & Timothy J. Norman - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (4):415 - 448.
    Hamblin's Action-State Semantics provides a sound philosophical foundation for understanding the character of the imperative. Taking this as our inspiration, in this paper we present a logic of action, which we call ST, that captures the clear ontological distinction between being responsible for the achievement of a state of affairs and being responsible for the performance of an action. We argue that a relativised modal logic of type RT founded upon a ternary relation over possible worlds integrated with a basic (...)
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  24.  6
    Ethical Challenges in Human Space Missions: A Space Refuge, Scientific Value, and Human Gene Editing for Space.Konrad Szocik, Ziba Norman & Michael J. Reiss - forthcoming - Science and Engineering Ethics.
    This article examines some selected ethical issues in human space missions including human missions to Mars, particularly the idea of a space refuge, the scientific value of space exploration, and the possibility of human gene editing for deep-space travel. Each of these issues may be used either to support or to criticize human space missions. We conclude that while these issues are complex and context-dependent, there appear to be no overwhelming obstacles such as cost effectiveness, threats to human life or (...)
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  25.  5
    Dialectical Models of Deliberation, Problem Solving and Decision Making.Douglas Walton, Alice Toniolo & Timothy J. Norman - forthcoming - Argumentation:1-43.
    Hamblin distinguished between formal and descriptive dialectic. Formal normative models of deliberation dialogue have been strongly emphasized as argumentation frameworks in computer science. But making such models of deliberation applicable to real natural language examples has reached a point where the descriptive aspect needs more interdisciplinary work. The new formal and computational models of deliberation dialogue that are being built in computer science seem to be closely related to some already existing and very well established computing technologies such as problem (...)
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  26.  40
    Taking "Free Action" Too Seriously.W. J. Norman - 1991 - Ethics 101 (3):505-520.
  27.  36
    Nature, Science and the Sacred.Richard J. Norman - unknown
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  28.  1
    Structured Event Memory: A Neuro-Symbolic Model of Event Cognition.Nicholas T. Franklin, Kenneth A. Norman, Charan Ranganath, Jeffrey M. Zacks & Samuel J. Gershman - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (3):327-361.
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  29.  3
    Corrigendum: Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  30.  33
    Public Reasons and the 'Private Language' Argument.Richard J. Norman - unknown
    The author defends his version of the parallel which can be drawn between Wittgenstein's 'private language' argument and the argument that practical reasons must necessarily be public reasons. This position is compared and contrasted with recent attempts by Christine Korsgaard and Ken O'Day to formulate a 'public reasons' argument. The position is defended against the criticism that it cannt account for the practical force of reasons. Finally it is argued that, although the claim that the reasons must be 'public' is (...)
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  31.  5
    Positive Effects of Nature on Cognitive Performance Across Multiple Experiments: Test Order but Not Affect Modulates the Cognitive Effects.Cecilia U. D. Stenfors, Stephen C. Van Hedger, Kathryn E. Schertz, Francisco A. C. Meyer, Karen E. L. Smith, Greg J. Norman, Stefan C. Bourrier, James T. Enns, Omid Kardan, John Jonides & Marc G. Berman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  32. Dolan, RJ, 109 Fletcher, EC., 109 Frackowiak, RSJ, 109 Frith, CD, 109 Frith, U., 109.W. Badecker, S. C. Baker, J. M. Beale, R. J. R. Blair, F. Cara, N. Chater, F. C. Keil, M. Miozzo, P. Mitchell & Da Norman - 1995 - Cognition 57:329.
     
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  33.  1
    Dialectical Models of Deliberation, Problem Solving and Decision Making.Douglas Walton, Alice Toniolo & Timothy J. Norman - forthcoming - Argumentation:1-43.
    Hamblin distinguished between formal and descriptive dialectic. Formal normative models of deliberation dialogue have been strongly emphasized as argumentation frameworks in computer science. But making such models of deliberation applicable to real natural language examples has reached a point where the descriptive aspect needs more interdisciplinary work. The new formal and computational models of deliberation dialogue that are being built in computer science seem to be closely related to some already existing and very well established computing technologies such as problem (...)
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  34.  65
    New Books. [REVIEW]C. J. F. Williams, Anthony Savile, Richard Norman, Robert Black, R. G. Swinburne, David Holdcroft, Eva Schaper, Thomas McPheron & Karl Britton - 1973 - Mind 82 (328):617-638.
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  35.  68
    The Varieties of Non-Religious Experience.Richard J. Norman - 2006 - Ratio 19 (4):474–494.
    I want to consider the suggestion that certain essential components of human experience are by their nature distinctively religious, and thus that the atheist is either debarred from participating fully in such experiences, or fails to understand their real nature. I am going to look at five kinds of experience: • the experience of the moral 'ought'; • the experience of beauty; • the experience of meaning conferred by stories; • the experience of otherness and transcendence; • the experience of (...)
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  36.  28
    La construcción de una Unión Federal Europea.Wayne J. Norman - 1996 - Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 7:55-71.
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  37. Rawlsianismo metodológico: una introducción a la metodología dominante en la filosofía política anglosajona contemporánea.Pablo da Silveira & Wayne J. Norman - 1995 - Revista Internacional de Filosofía Política 5:125-152.
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  38.  25
    War, Humanitarian Intervention, and Human Rights.Richard J. Norman - unknown
  39.  40
    Particularism and Reasons: A Reply to Kirchin.Richard J. Norman - 2007 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (1):33-39.
    Valency switching can appear especially puzzling if we think of moral reasons as ‘pushes and pulls’—considerations whose job it is to get us to act or to stop us acting. Talk of ‘default valency’ doesn't remove the puzzle, it merely restates it. We need a different picture of reasons—perhaps as providing a map of the moral terrain which helps us to see which actions are appropriate to which situations, and who the appropriate agents are. The role of virtue concepts in (...)
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  40.  14
    A Formal Characterisation of Hamblin’s Action-State Semantics.Chris Reed & Timothy J. Norman - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 36 (4):415-448.
    Hamblin's Action-State Semantics provides a sound philosophical foundation for understanding the character of the imperative. Taking this as our inspiration, in this paper we present a logic of action, which we call ST, that captures the clear ontological distinction between being responsible for the achievement of a state of affairs and being responsible for the performance of an action. We argue that a relativised modal logic of type RT founded upon a ternary relation over possible worlds integrated with a basic (...)
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  41.  15
    Philosophy and the Good Life: Reason and Passions in Greek, Cartesian and Psychoanalytic Ethics.Richard J. Norman - 2000 - Philosophical Investigations 23 (2):181-187.
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  42.  14
    Towards Justice and Virtue: A Constructive Account of Practical Reasoning.Richard J. Norman - unknown
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  43.  10
    Parzsh Organzzatzon.Rankeillour Denbigh, Winefride Elwes, Henry S. Jerningham, W. J. Blyton, John P. Boland, Edward Bullouch, G. E. Hecht, J. G. Laithwaite, H. Norman & Ernest E. Ware - 1932 - New Blackfriars 13 (152):717-720.
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  44.  20
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Wayne J. Norman - 1992 - Mind 101 (402):370-373.
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  45.  5
    The Varieties of Non‐Religious Experience.Richard J. Norman - 2006 - Ratio 19 (4):474-494.
    I want to consider the suggestion that certain essential components of human experience are by their nature distinctively religious, and thus that the atheist is either debarred from participating fully in such experiences, or fails to understand their real nature. I am going to look at five kinds of experience:• the experience of the moral ‘ought’;• the experience of beauty;• the experience of meaning conferred by stories;• the experience of otherness and transcendence;• the experience of vulnerability and fragility.These seem to (...)
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  46. Chandran Kukathas and Philip Pettit, Rawls: A Theory of Justice and its Critics Reviewed By.Wayne J. Norman - 1993 - Philosophy in Review 13 (3):104-106.
     
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  47. Systems Thinking and Ethics in Public Health: A Necessary and Mutually Beneficial Partnership.Cameron D. Norman, Maxwell J. Smith & Diego S. Silva - 2018 - Monash Bioethics Review 36 (1-4):54-67.
    Systems thinking has emerged as a means of conceptualizing and addressing complex public health problems, thereby challenging more commonplace understanding of problems and corresponding solutions as straightforward explanations of cause and effect. Systems thinking tries to address the complexity of problems through qualitative and quantitative modeling based on a variety of systems theories, each with their own assumptions and, more importantly, implicit and unexamined values. To date, however, there has been little engagement between systems scientists and those working in bioethics (...)
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  48. Taking Freedom Too Seriously?: An Essay on Analytic and Post-Analytic Political Philosophy.W. J. Norman - 1991 - Garland.
     
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  49.  13
    Jesse Norman. After Euclid: Visual Reasoning and the Epistemology of Diagrams. Stanford: CSLI Publications, 2006. ISBN 1-57586-509-2 ; 1-57586-510-6 . Pp. Vii +176. [REVIEW]Jesse Norman - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (1):116-121.
    This monograph treats the important topic of the epistemology of diagrams in Euclidean geometry. Norman argues that diagrams play a genuine justificatory role in traditional Euclidean arguments, and he aims to account for these roles from a modified Kantian perspective. Norman considers himself a semi-Kantian in the following broad sense: he believes that Kant was right that ostensive constructions are necessary in order to follow traditional Euclidean proofs, but he wants to avoid appealing to Kantian a priori intuition (...)
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  50.  68
    The Greek Orators The Greek Orators. By J. F. Dobson. Methuen and Co.B. J. - 1921 - The Classical Review 35 (5-6):125-126.
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