Results for 'Nuno Camacho'

372 found
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  1.  74
    Legitimate Exclusion of Would-Be Immigrants: A View From Global Ethics and the Ethics of International Relations.Enrique Camacho Beltran - 2019 - Social Sciences 8 (8):238.
    The debate about justice in immigration seems somehow stagnated given that it seems justice requires both further exclusion and more porous borders. In the face of this, I propose to take a step back and to realize that the general problem of borders—to determine what kind of borders liberal democracies ought to have—gives rise to two particular problems: first, to justify exclusive control over the administration of borders (the problem of legitimacy of borders) and, second, to specify how this control (...)
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  2.  11
    What’s All the Fuss About? The Inheritance of Acquired Traits is Compatible with the Central Dogma.M. Polo Camacho - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-15.
    The Central Dogma of molecular biology, which holds that DNA makes protein and not the other way around, is as influential as it is controversial. Some believe the Dogma has outlived its usefulness, either because it fails to fully capture the ins-and-outs of protein synthesis (Griffiths and Stotz, 2013; Stotz, 2006), because it turns on a confused notion of information (Sarkar, 2004), or because it problematically assumes the unidirectional flow of information from DNA to protein (Gottlieb, 2001). This paper evaluates (...)
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  3.  4
    Book Symposium: Nuno Venturinha. Description of Situations: An Essay in Contextualist Epistemology.Nuno Venturinha, Marcelo Carvalho, Marcos Silva, João V. G. Cuter & Darlei Dall’Agnol - 2020 - Manuscrito 43 (3):164-258.
    This book symposium comprises a précis of Nuno Venturinha’s Description of Situations: An Essay in Contextualist Epistemology together with four critical commentaries on different aspects of the book by Marcelo Carvalho, João Vergílio Gallerani Cuter, Marcos Silva and Darlei Dall’Agnol, and the author’s replies.
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  4.  3
    Description of Situations: An Essay in Contextualist Epistemology.Nuno Venturinha - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  5.  14
    An Ontology of Power and Leadership.Nuno Ornelas Martins - 2018 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 48 (1):83-97.
    In this article I draw upon the social ontologies developed by John Searle, Roy Bhaskar, Margaret Archer and Tony Lawson in order to distinguish between power and leadership. To do so, I distinguish the different organizing principles behind natural phenomena, collective phenomena and institutional phenomena, and argue that an understanding of those different organizing principles is essential to a clearer conceptualization of power and leadership. Natural power and cultural power, as I argue, depend upon the organizing principles of natural phenomena, (...)
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  6.  9
    Francisco Romero, Maestro De La Filosofia Latinoamericana.Luis A. Camacho - 1986 - Noûs 20 (1):84-87.
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  7.  50
    Approaches to Cardinal Utility.A. Camacho - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (4):359-379.
  8.  39
    On Cardinal Utility.A. Camacho - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):131-145.
  9.  50
    Rules, Social Ontology and Collective Identity.Nuno Martins - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (3):323-344.
    Mainstream game theory explains cooperation as the outcome of the interaction of agents who permanently pursue their individual goals. Amartya Sen argues instead that cooperation can only be understood by positing a type of rule-following behaviour that can be out of phase with the pursuit of individual goals, due to the existence of a collective identity. However, Sen does not clarify the ontological preconditions for the type of social behaviour he describes. I will argue that Sen's account of collective identity (...)
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  10.  3
    Parents’ Perceptions of Student Academic Motivation During the COVID-19 Lockdown: A Cross-Country Comparison.Sonia Zaccoletti, Ana Camacho, Nadine Correia, Cecília Aguiar, Lucia Mason, Rui A. Alves & João R. Daniel - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The COVID-19 outbreak has ravaged all societal domains, including education. Home confinement, school closures, and distance learning impacted students, teachers, and parents’ lives worldwide. In this study, we aimed to examine the impact of COVID-19-related restrictions on Italian and Portuguese students’ academic motivation as well as investigate the possible buffering role of extracurricular activities. Following a retrospective pretest–posttest design, 567 parents reported on their children’s academic motivation and participation in extracurricular activities. We used a multi-group latent change score model to (...)
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  11.  36
    Non-Sceptical Infallibilism.Nuno Venturinha - 2020 - Analysis 80 (1):186-195.
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  12.  30
    Naturally Occurring Gestures in a Human–Robot Teaching Scenario.Nuno Otero, Chrystopher L. Nehaniv, Dag Sverre Syrdal & Kerstin Dautenhahn - 2008 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 9 (3):519-550.
    This paper describes our general framework for the investigation of how human gestures can be used to facilitate the interaction and communication between humans and robots. Two studies were carried out to reveal which “naturally occurring” gestures can be observed in a scenario where users had to explain to a robot how to perform a home task. Both studies followed a within-subjects design: participants had to demonstrate how to lay a table to a robot using two different methods — utilizing (...)
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  13.  6
    Gendered Career Choices: Paths Toward Studying a Degree in Physical Activity and Sport Science.Pedrona Serra, Susanna Soler, María José Camacho-Miñano, Ana Rey-Cao & Anna Vilanova - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  14.  3
    Adam Smith and Catholic Social Teaching.Nuno Ornelas Martins - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 170 (2):401-411.
    The connections between Adam Smith and Catholic Social Teaching raise several questions. The principle of subsidiarity adopted in CST, according to which higher associations should not replace subordinate organizations on what the latter can do, seems to be in line with the idea that governmental intervention in the market sphere should be restricted to the minimum required, in line with what is typically seen as Smith’s view. But the principle of the common good would also recommend intervention from political authorities (...)
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  15.  39
    Non-Destructive Whole-Brain Monitoring Using Nanorobots: Neural Electrical Data Rate Requirements.Nuno R. B. Martins, Wolfram Erlhagen & Robert A. Freitas - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (01):109-140.
  16.  59
    An Evolutionary Approach to Emergence and Social Causation.Nuno Martins - 2011 - Journal of Critical Realism 10 (2):192-218.
    Rom Harré criticizes critical realism for ascribing causal powers to social structures, arguing that it is human individuals, and not social structures, that possess causal powers, and that a false conception of structural causation undermines the emancipatory potential of critical realism. I argue that an interpretation of the category of process as the spatio-temporalization of the category of structure, which underpins much evolutionary theory, provides the conceptual tools to explain how the critical realist transformational model of social activity can escape (...)
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  17.  8
    Replies to Commentators.Nuno Venturinha - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (5):1713-1724.
    This text consists of replies to commentaries by Michael Williams, Duncan Pritchard and Javier González de Prado on my book Description of Situations: An Essay in Contextualist Epistemology.
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  18.  34
    We Can Never Study Merely One Thing: Reflections on Systems Thinking and IR.Nuno P. Monteiro - 2012 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 24 (3):343-366.
    Robert Jervis's System Effects was published just as systems thinking began to decline among political scientists, who were adopting increasingly strict standards of causal identification, privileging experimental and large-N studies. Many politically consequential system effects are not amenable to research designs that meet these standards, yet they must nonetheless be studied if the most important questions of international politics are to be answered. For example, if nuclear weapons are considered in light of their effect on the international system as a (...)
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  19.  5
    Justice and the Social Ontology of the Corporation.Nuno Martins - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (1):17-28.
    In this article I address the question of whether corporations should be considered as part of the basic structure of society as defined in Rawls’s Theory of Justice. To do so, it becomes necessary to understand which institutions are crucial for defining Rawls’s basic structure of society. I will argue that a social ontology aimed at understanding how human institutions influence various aspects presupposed in Rawls’s basic structure of society can help addressing this topic. To do so, I shall draw (...)
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  20.  26
    Effective Elements to Establish an Ethical Infrastructure: An Exploratory Study of SMEs in the Madrid Region.José Luis Fernández & Javier Camacho - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (1):113-131.
    The purpose of this study is to identify the elements that can be implemented to achieve an ethical infrastructure, in small and medium enterprises. The ethical infrastructure is considered as a set of formal and informal systems, leadership, climate and culture, related to ethical issues. The research was carried out through interviews and focus groups with managers from 28 companies in Madrid, all signatories to the Global Compact. The identified key elements in SMEs are leadership, informal managerial and formal communication. (...)
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  21.  26
    Mathematics, Science and the Cambridge Tradition.Nuno Ornelas Martins - 2012 - Economic Thought 1 (2).
    In this paper the use of mathematics in economics will be discussed, by comparing two approaches to mathematics, a Cartesian approach, and a Newtonian approach. I will argue that while mainstream economics is underpinned by a Cartesian approach which led to a divorce between mathematics and reality, the contributions of key authors of the Cambridge tradition, like Marshall, Keynes and Sraffa, are characterised by a Newtonian approach to mathematics, where mathematics is aimed at a study of reality. Marshall was influenced (...)
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  22.  22
    Determinação e diferença: considerações sobre a razão suficiente segundo Leibniz.Nuno Ferro - 2014 - Doispontos 11 (2).
    Entre os muitos textos em que Leibniz introduz e apresenta o princípio de razão suficiente está, como se sabe, o do parágrafo 7 dos Princípios da Natureza e da Graça. O texto diz: "Jusqu'icy nous n'avons parlé qu'en simples Physiciens : maintenant il faut s'elever à la Metaphysique, en nous servant du Grand Principe, peu employé communement, qui porte que rien ne se fait sans raison suffisante, c'est à dire que rien n'arrive, sans qu'il soit possible à celuy qui connoitroit (...)
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  23.  31
    Incommensurability and Multiple Models: Representations of the Structure of Matter in Undergraduate Chemistry Students.Fernando Flores-Camacho, Leticia Gallegos-Cázares, Andoni Garritz & Alejandra García-Franco - 2007 - Science & Education 16 (7-8):775-800.
  24.  9
    A Reduction in Pain Intensity Is More Strongly Associated With Improved Physical Functioning in Frustration Tolerant Individuals: A Longitudinal Moderation Study in Chronic Pain Patients.Carlos Suso-Ribera, Laura Camacho-Guerrero, Jorge Osma, Santiago Suso-Vergara & David Gallardo-Pujol - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  25.  2
    Context-Sensitive Objectivism.Nuno Venturinha - 2020 - Logos and Episteme 11 (4):481-494.
    This paper outlines the major topics addressed in my book Description of Situations: An Essay in Contextualist Epistemology, anticipates some possible misunderstandings and discusses issues that warrant further investigation.
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  26.  4
    Wittgenstein and the Method of von Wright’s Varieties of Goodness.Nuno Venturinha - 2020 - Philosophical Investigations 43 (4):334-345.
    Philosophical Investigations, EarlyView.
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  27.  10
    A Causal Dispositional Account of Fitness.Laura Nuño de la Rosa & Vanessa Triviño - 2016 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 38 (3).
    The notion of fitness is usually equated to reproductive success. However, this actualist approach presents some difficulties, mainly the explanatory circularity problem, which have lead philosophers of biology to offer alternative definitions in which fitness and reproductive success are distinguished. In this paper, we argue that none of these alternatives is satisfactory and, inspired by Mumford and Anjum’s dispositional theory of causation, we offer a definition of fitness as a causal dispositional property. We argue that, under this framework, the distinctiveness (...)
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  28.  31
    Ethics and Artificial Intelligence: Suicide Prevention on Facebook.Norberto Nuno Gomes de Andrade, Dave Pawson, Dan Muriello, Lizzy Donahue & Jennifer Guadagno - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (4):669-684.
    There is a death by suicide in the world every 40 seconds, and suicide is the second leading cause of death for 15–29-year-olds. Experts say that one of the best ways to prevent suicide is for those in distress to hear from people who care about them. Facebook is in a unique position—through its support for networks and friendships on the site—to help connect a person in these difficult situations with people who can support them. Connecting people with the resources (...)
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  29.  32
    The Central Dogma Is Empirically Inadequate…No Matter How We Slice It.M. Polo Camacho - 2019 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 11.
    Roughly, the Central Dogma of molecular biology states that DNA codes for protein, not the other way around. This principle, which is still heralded as an important element of contemporary biological theory, has received much critical attention since its original formulation by Francis Crick in 1958. Some have argued that the principle should be rejected, on the grounds that it fails to fully capture the ins-and-outs of protein synthesis, while others have argued that the Dogma is predicated on notions of (...)
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  30.  21
    Pattern and Process in Evo-Devo: Descriptions and Explanations.Laura Nuño de la Rosa & Arantza Etxeberria - unknown
    In the evolutionary biology of the Modern Synthesis the study of patterns refers to how to identify and systematise order in lineages, looking for hierarchies or for branching/splitting events in the tree of life, whereas the resulting order is supposed to be due to underlying processes or mechanisms. But patterns and processes play distinct roles in evo-devo: four different views on the role of patterns and processes in descriptions and explanations of development and evolution: A) transformational; B) generative; C) processual; (...)
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  31.  11
    Beyond Descriptive Accuracy: The Central Dogma of Molecular Biology in Scientific Practice.M. Polo Camacho - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 86:20-26.
    There is no denying the Central Dogma’s impact on the biological sciences. Since the Dogma’s formulation by Francis Crick in 1958, however, many have debated the Dogma’s empirical adequacy. My aim is to move beyond these discussions, and instead consider the Central Dogma’s significance to contemporary biological practice. To do this, I consider four distinct approaches for determining the non-descriptive methodological significance of a scientific principle. I argue that these approaches fail to vindicate the Central Dogma, and that, under many (...)
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  32.  3
    Précis of Description of Situations.Nuno Venturinha - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (5):1683-1690.
    This précis articulates the main themes of my book Description of Situations: An Essay in Contextualist Epistemology.
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  33. Anxiety and Social Support as Predictors of Student Academic Motivation During the COVID-19.Ana Camacho, Nadine Correia, Sonia Zaccoletti & João R. Daniel - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In this study we examined whether parents’ perceptions of students’ anxiety as well as perceived support from both teachers and classmates were predictive of changes in students’ academic motivation during the first wave of COVID-19. To this end, we used a retrospective pretest-posttest design together with a latent change score model to analyze our data. From April to May of 2020, 394 Portuguese parents of students in grades 1–9 participated in this study. Our results showed that students’ anxiety and teachers’ (...)
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  34.  22
    Gaya Nuño Sobre un giro de la lengua de Demóstenes. Madrid: Instituto ‘Antonio de Nebrija’. 1959. Pp. 87. 60 ptas.J. H. Kells - 1961 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 81:171-172.
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  35. La Mordedura de la Nada: El Mal y la Filosofía.Ramón Kuri Camacho - 2011 - Ediciones Coyoacán.
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  36.  12
    Emerging Mechanisms in Morphogen‐Mediated Axon Guidance.Cristina Sánchez-Camacho & Paola Bovolenta - 2009 - Bioessays 31 (10):1013-1025.
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  37. Dispositional Properties in Evo-Devo.Christopher J. Austin & Laura Nuño de la Rosa - 2018 - In Laura Nuño de la Rosa & G. Müller (eds.), Evolutionary Developmental Biology. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
    In identifying intrinsic molecular chance and extrinsic adaptive pressures as the only causally relevant factors in the process of evolution, the theoretical perspective of the Modern Synthesis had a major impact on the perceived tenability of an ontology of dispositional properties. However, since the late 1970s, an increasing number of evolutionary biologists have challenged the descriptive and explanatory adequacy of this “chance alone, extrinsic only” understanding of evolutionary change. Because morphological studies of homology, convergence, and teratology have revealed a space (...)
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  38. El Verdadero Punto de Vista: Sistema y Finitud En la Hipótesis de la Armonía.Nuno Ferro - 2010 - In Manuel Sánchez Rodríguez & Sergio Rodero Cilleros (eds.), Leibniz En la Filosofía y la Ciencia Modernas. Comares. pp. 17--32.
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  39.  15
    Sustainable Development Goals: Kinds, Connections and Expectations.Luis Camacho - 2015 - Journal of Global Ethics 11 (1):18-23.
    We point out the need to clarify some of the ideas related to the connection between development and sustainability in the Report of the Open Working Group of the General Assembly on Sustainable Development. In particular, the meaning of ‘sustainable’ is not clear when applied to specific areas of human activity. A more detailed explanation of the kind of equality sought for in the proposal is also needed. Because of potential conflicts between goals, we miss some considerations on the impact (...)
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  40.  21
    Sraffa's Notes on Wittgenstein's "Blue Book".Nuno Venturinha - 2012 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review.
    This article presents an edition of unpublished notes by Sraffa on Wittgenstein’s “Blue Book”, written about 1941 and housed at Trinity College Library, Cambridge. The article includes an introduction to the relationship between Sraffa and Wittgenstein and concludes with an interpretation of various philosophical issues addressed in the notes, namely that of solipsism. Various connections between the “Blue Book” and the Philosophical Investigations are traced.
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  41.  24
    The Epistemic Value of Holding for True.Nuno Venturinha - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Research 40:155-170.
    This paper explores the epistemological problem of holding something to be true while building on Wittgenstein’s later philosophy. I claim that it was Frege’s criticism of psychologism in logic that gave a boost to Wittgenstein’s reflections on this issue, an issue that already occupies a central place in Kant’s theory of knowledge. I shall endeavour to show that Wittgenstein’s considerations on rule-following and the systematic character of belief not only make evident the shortcomings of Frege’s explanation of how the mind (...)
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  42. The Textual Genesis of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations.Nuno Venturinha (ed.) - 2013 - Routledge.
    Sixty years after its first edition, there is an increasing consensus among scholars that the work posthumously published as _Philosophical Investigations _represents something that is far from a complete picture of Wittgenstein’s second book project. G.H. von Wright’s seminal research on the _Nachlass_ was an important contribution in this direction, showing that the Wittgenstein papers can reveal much more than the source of specific remarks. This book specifically explores Wittgenstein’s _Philosophical_ _Investigations_ from the different angles of its originary conceptions, including (...)
     
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  43.  6
    Could the Greatest Illusion of the Modern Synthesis Be Practical?M. Polo Camacho - forthcoming - Biosemiotics:1-6.
    According to Denis Noble, one of the greatest illusions of the Modern Synthesis is embodied in the Central Dogma, a principle first formulated by Francis Crick in 1958. The principle holds that DNA makes protein, not the other way around. For Noble, the Dogma has contributed to the illusion that genes alone are responsible for the development and evolution of an organism’s phenotype. Though I am largely sympathetic to Noble’s critique, I argue that there may be alternative grounds for accepting (...)
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  44.  2
    Las Ruinas y Las Sombras de Manderley.María Donapetry Camacho - 2010 - Arbor 186 (741):43-52.
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  45.  3
    Successful Aging at Work: Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of Selection, Optimization and Compensation Questionnaire.Adrián Segura-Camacho, Francisco Rodríguez-Cifuentes, Luis C. Sáenz De la Torre & Gabriela Topa - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  46. Maximizing Expected Utility and the Rule of Long Run Success.Antonio Camacho - 1979 - In Maurice Allais & Ole Hagen (eds.), Expected Utility Hypotheses and the Allais Paradox. D. Reidel. pp. 203--222.
  47.  3
    Activity Profile and Physical Performance of Match Play in Elite Futsal Players.João Nuno Ribeiro, Bruno Gonçalves, Diogo Coutinho, João Brito, Jaime Sampaio & Bruno Travassos - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  48.  22
    Social Choice in a Sequential Environment.A. Camacho - 1975 - Theory and Decision 6 (4):419-437.
  49.  1
    Philosophical Explanation.Luis A. Camacho - 1986 - Noûs 20 (3):414-416.
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  50. Invitados a las bodas del rey: Reflexiones sobre la Belleza y la Liturgia a raíz del Salmo 44 (Vulg.).Antonio Manuel Perez Camacho - 2012 - Ciencia Tomista 139 (2):351-368.
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