13 found
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  1.  2
    Justice and the Social Ontology of the Corporation.Nuno Martins - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (1):17-28.
    In this article I address the question of whether corporations should be considered as part of the basic structure of society as defined in Rawls’s Theory of Justice. To do so, it becomes necessary to understand which institutions are crucial for defining Rawls’s basic structure of society. I will argue that a social ontology aimed at understanding how human institutions influence various aspects presupposed in Rawls’s basic structure of society can help addressing this topic. To do so, I shall draw (...)
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  2.  42
    Rules, Social Ontology and Collective Identity.Nuno Martins - 2009 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 39 (3):323-344.
    Mainstream game theory explains cooperation as the outcome of the interaction of agents who permanently pursue their individual goals. Amartya Sen argues instead that cooperation can only be understood by positing a type of rule-following behaviour that can be out of phase with the pursuit of individual goals, due to the existence of a collective identity. However, Sen does not clarify the ontological preconditions for the type of social behaviour he describes. I will argue that Sen's account of collective identity (...)
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  3.  40
    Contributions to Social Ontology.Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.) - 2007 - Routledge.
    This book will be of great interest to students and researchers alike across the social sciences and particularly in philosophy, economics and sociology.
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  4.  35
    Non-Destructive Whole-Brain Monitoring Using Nanorobots: Neural Electrical Data Rate Requirements.Nuno R. B. Martins, Wolfram Erlhagen & Robert A. Freitas - 2012 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 4 (01):109-140.
  5.  58
    An Evolutionary Approach to Emergence and Social Causation.Nuno Martins - 2011 - Journal of Critical Realism 10 (2):192-218.
    Rom Harré criticizes critical realism for ascribing causal powers to social structures, arguing that it is human individuals, and not social structures, that possess causal powers, and that a false conception of structural causation undermines the emancipatory potential of critical realism. I argue that an interpretation of the category of process as the spatio-temporalization of the category of structure, which underpins much evolutionary theory, provides the conceptual tools to explain how the critical realist transformational model of social activity can escape (...)
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  6.  22
    Mathematics, Science and the Cambridge Tradition.Nuno Ornelas Martins - 2012 - Economic Thought 1 (2).
    In this paper the use of mathematics in economics will be discussed, by comparing two approaches to mathematics, a Cartesian approach, and a Newtonian approach. I will argue that while mainstream economics is underpinned by a Cartesian approach which led to a divorce between mathematics and reality, the contributions of key authors of the Cambridge tradition, like Marshall, Keynes and Sraffa, are characterised by a Newtonian approach to mathematics, where mathematics is aimed at a study of reality. Marshall was influenced (...)
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  7. Introduction: Ontology, Philosophy, and the Social Sciences.Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins - 2007 - In Clive Lawson, John Latsis & Nuno Martins (eds.), Contributions to Social Ontology. Routledge. pp. 1--14.
  8.  17
    How Complex, Probable, and Predictable is Genetically Driven Red Queen Chaos?Jorge Duarte, Carla Rodrigues, Cristina Januário, Nuno Martins & Josep Sardanyés - 2015 - Acta Biotheoretica 63 (4):341-361.
    Coevolution between two antagonistic species has been widely studied theoretically for both ecologically- and genetically-driven Red Queen dynamics. A typical outcome of these systems is an oscillatory behavior causing an endless series of one species adaptation and others counter-adaptation. More recently, a mathematical model combining a three-species food chain system with an adaptive dynamics approach revealed genetically driven chaotic Red Queen coevolution. In the present article, we analyze this mathematical model mainly focusing on the impact of species rates of evolution (...)
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  9.  10
    An Ontology of Power and Leadership.Nuno Ornelas Martins - 2018 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 48 (1):83-97.
    In this article I draw upon the social ontologies developed by John Searle, Roy Bhaskar, Margaret Archer and Tony Lawson in order to distinguish between power and leadership. To do so, I distinguish the different organizing principles behind natural phenomena, collective phenomena and institutional phenomena, and argue that an understanding of those different organizing principles is essential to a clearer conceptualization of power and leadership. Natural power and cultural power, as I argue, depend upon the organizing principles of natural phenomena, (...)
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  10.  32
    Sen, Sraffa and the Revival of Classical Political Economy.Nuno Ornelas Martins - 2012 - Journal of Economic Methodology 19 (2):143 - 157.
    In his new book The Idea of Justice, Amartya Sen argues that political theory should not consist only in the characterisation of ideal situations of perfect justice. In so doing, Sen is making, within the context of political theory, a similar argument to another he also made in economic theory, when crtiticising what he called the ?rational fool? of mainstream economics. Sen criticised the ideal and fictitious agent of mainstream economics, while advocating for a return to an integrated view of (...)
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  11.  3
    On the Dynamical Complexity of a Seasonally Forced Discrete SIR Epidemic Model with a Constant Vaccination Strategy.Jalil Rashidinia, Mehri Sajjadian, Jorge Duarte, Cristina Januário & Nuno Martins - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-11.
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  12.  4
    The Nature of the Cambridge Heterodoxy.Nuno Ornelas Martins - 2013 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 14 (1):49.
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  13. Adam Smith and Catholic Social Teaching.Nuno Ornelas Martins - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-11.
    The connections between Adam Smith and Catholic Social Teaching raise several questions. The principle of subsidiarity adopted in CST, according to which higher associations should not replace subordinate organizations on what the latter can do, seems to be in line with the idea that governmental intervention in the market sphere should be restricted to the minimum required, in line with what is typically seen as Smith’s view. But the principle of the common good would also recommend intervention from political authorities (...)
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