Results for 'Nupur Dasgupta'

229 found
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  1.  39
    Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment.Partha Dasgupta - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    In Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment, Partha Dasgupta explores ways to measure the quality of life. In developing quality-of-life indices, he pays particular attention to the natural environment, illustrating how it can be incorporated, more generally, into economic reasoning in a seamless manner. Professor Dasgupta puts the theory that he develops to use in extended commentaries on the economics of population, poverty traps, global warming, structural adjustment programmes, and free trade, particularly in relation to poor countries. The (...)
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  2.  21
    Ethical Implications of Closed Loop Brain Device: 10-Year Review.Swati Aggarwal & Nupur Chugh - 2020 - Minds and Machines 30 (1):145-170.
    Closed Loop medical devices such as Closed Loop Deep Brain Stimulation and Brain Computer Interface are some of the emerging neurotechnologies. New generations of implantable brain–computer interfaces have recently gained success in human clinical trials. These implants detect specific neuronal patterns and provide the subject with information to respond to these patterns. Further, Closed Loop brain devices give control to the subject so that he can respond and decide on a therapeutic goal. Although the implants have improved subjects’ quality of (...)
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  3. The Possibility of Physicalism.Shamik Dasgupta - 2014 - Journal of Philosophy 111 (9-10):557-592.
    It has been suggested that many philosophical theses—physicalism, normative naturalism, phenomenalism, and so on—should be understood in terms of ground. Against this, Ted Sider (2011) has argued that ground is ill-suited for this purpose. Here I develop Sider’s objection and offer a response. In doing so I develop a view about the role of ground in philosophy, and about the content of these distinctively philosophical theses.
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  4. Metaphysical Rationalism.Shamik Dasgupta - 2016 - Noûs 50 (2):379-418.
    The Principle of Sufficient Reason states that everything has an explanation. But different notions of explanation yield different versions of this principle. Here a version is formulated in terms of the notion of a “grounding” explanation. Its consequences are then explored, with particular emphasis on the fact that it implies necessitarianism, the view that every truth is necessarily true. Finally, the principle is defended from a number of objections, including objections to necessitarianism. The result is a defense of a “rationalist” (...)
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  5. On the Plurality of Grounds.Shamik Dasgupta - 2014 - Philosophers' Imprint 14.
    This paper argues that ground is irreducibly plural: a group of facts can be grounded together, as a collective, even though no member of the group has a ground on its own. This kind of plural grounding is applied to the metaphysics of individuals and quantities, yielding a “structuralist” view in each case. Some more general implications of plural grounding are also discussed.
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  6. Individuals: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics.Shamik Dasgupta - 2009 - Philosophical Studies 145 (1):35-67.
    We naturally think of the material world as being populated by a large number of individuals . These are things, such as my laptop and the particles that compose it, that we describe as being propertied and related in various ways when we describe the material world around us. In this paper I argue that, fundamentally speaking at least, there are no such things as material individuals. I then propose and defend an individual-less view of the material world I call (...)
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  7. Symmetry as an Epistemic Notion.Shamik Dasgupta - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):837-878.
    Symmetries in physics are a guide to reality. That much is well known. But what is less well known is why symmetry is a guide to reality. What justifies inferences that draw conclusions about reality from premises about symmetries? I argue that answering this question reveals that symmetry is an epistemic notion twice over. First, these inferences must proceed via epistemic lemmas: premises about symmetries in the first instance justify epistemic lemmas about our powers of detection, and only from those (...)
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  8. Constitutive Explanation.Shamik Dasgupta - 2017 - Philosophical Issues 27 (1):74-97.
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  9.  66
    Yoga Philosophy in Relation to Other Systems of Indian Thought.Surendranath Dasgupta - 1930 - Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.
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  10. Absolutism Vs Comparativism About Quantity.Shamik Dasgupta - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics 8:105-150.
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  11. Essentialism and the Nonidentity Problem.Shamik Dasgupta - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 96 (3):540-570.
  12. XV—Normative Non-Naturalism and the Problem of Authority.Shamik Dasgupta - 2017 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 117 (3):297-319.
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  13. Substantivalism Vs Relationalism About Space in Classical Physics.Shamik Dasgupta - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (9):601-624.
    Substantivalism is the view that space exists in addition to any material bodies situated within it. Relationalism is the opposing view that there is no such thing as space; there are just material bodies, spatially related to one another. This paper assesses this issue in the context of classical physics. It starts by describing the bucket argument for substantivalism. It then turns to anti-substantivalist arguments, including Leibniz's classic arguments and their contemporary reincarnation under the guise of ‘symmetry’. It argues that (...)
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  14. The Bare Necessities.Shamik Dasgupta - 2011 - Philosophical Perspectives 25 (1):115-160.
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  15. Realism and the Absence of Value.Shamik Dasgupta - 2018 - Philosophical Review 127 (3):279-322.
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  16. Inexpressible Ignorance.Shamik Dasgupta - 2015 - Philosophical Review 124 (4):441-480.
    Sometimes, ignorance is inexpressible. Lewis recognized this when he argued, in “Ramseyan Humility,” that we cannot know which property occupies which causal role. This peculiar state of ignorance arises in a number of other domains too, including ignorance about our position in space and the identities of individuals. In these cases, one does not know something, and yet one cannot give voice to one's ignorance in a certain way. But what does the ignorance in these cases consist in? This essay (...)
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  17. Trust as a Commodity.Partha Dasgupta - 1988 - In Diego Gambetta (ed.), Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations. Blackwell. pp. 49-72.
     
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  18. Privilege in the Construction Industry.Shamik Dasgupta - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (2):489-496.
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  19. Utilitarianism, Information and Rights.Partha Dasgupta - 1982 - In Amartya Kumar Sen & Bernard Arthur Owen Williams (eds.), Utilitarianism and Beyond. Cambridge University Press. pp. 199--218.
     
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  20.  94
    What Do Economists Analyze and Why: Values or Facts?Partha Dasgupta - 2005 - Economics and Philosophy 21 (2):221-278.
    Social thinkers frequently remind us that people differ in their views on what constitutes personal well-being, but that even when they don't differ, they disagree over the extent to which one person's well-being can be permitted to be traded off against another's. In this paper I show, by offering an account of the development of development economics, that in professional debates on social policy, economists speak or write as though they agree on values but differ on their reading of facts. (...)
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  21.  10
    Remembrance of Inferences Past: Amortization in Human Hypothesis Generation.Ishita Dasgupta, Eric Schulz, Noah D. Goodman & Samuel J. Gershman - 2018 - Cognition 178:67-81.
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  22.  4
    A Theory of Learning to Infer.Ishita Dasgupta, Eric Schulz, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Samuel J. Gershman - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (3):412-441.
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  23.  40
    Savings and Fertility: Ethical Issues.Partha Dasgupta - 1994 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 23 (2):99-127.
  24.  92
    Shedding Computational Light on Human Creativity.Subrata Dasgupta - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (2):pp. 121-136.
    Ever since 1956 when details of the Logic Theorist were published by Newell and Simon, a large literature has accumulated on computational models and theories of the creative process, especially in science, invention and design. But what exactly do these computational models/theories tell us about the way that humans have actually conducted acts of creation in the past? What light has computation shed on our understanding of the creative process? Addressing these questions, we put forth three propositions: (I) Computational models (...)
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  25.  42
    Yoga as Philosophy and Religion.Surendranath Dasgupta - 1924 - Dover Publications.
    This practical guide by an experienced teacher defines yoga as a route to the kind of mental steadiness that leads to self-realization. It promotes Rajayoga (as distinguished from Hathayoga and Mantrayoga ), explaining the foundation of yoga practices--their philosophical, psychological, cosmological, ethical, and religious doctrines--and compares the essential features of Rajayoga with other yoga systems. The first of its two parts deals with yoga metaphysics, delineating the characteristics and functions of Prakrti and Purusa, the reality of the external world, and (...)
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  26.  12
    Ethical Oversight of Direct-to-Consumer Neurotechnologies: The FDA, the FTC, or Self-Regulation?Ishan Dasgupta - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (4):200-201.
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  27. Facts and Values in Modern Economics.Partha Dasgupta - 2009 - In Harold Kincaid & Don Ross (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics. Oxford University Press. pp. 580--640.
     
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  28.  42
    Femmes indiennes entre nationalisme et féminisme, des années 1880 à 19471.Nupur Chaudhuri - 2011 - Clio 33:85-106.
    La lutte contre le pouvoir colonial britannique s’acheva en 1947 par l’accès de l’Inde au statut de nation indépendante. Hommes et femmes indiennes participèrent à la résistance qui commença à la fin du xixe siècle. En se centrant sur la participation des femmes au mouvement nationaliste, cet article examine les formes de mobilisations féminines à la fois violentes et non-violentes. Il analyse en outre la combinaison des motifs religieux, féministes et nationalistes chez les femmes actives dans la première moitié du (...)
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  29.  10
    Femmes Indiennes Entre Nationalisme Et Féminisme, des Années 1880 À 19471Indian Women Between Nationalism and Feminism.Nupur Chaudhuri - 2011 - Clio 33:85-106.
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  30.  7
    Dental Interns' Study Motivation and Perception in Formulating Their Specialty Preferences in Bhubaneswar, Odisha: A Cross-Sectional Study.Nupur Sharma & Kittu Jain - 2016 - Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry 6 (1):1.
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  31.  45
    On Some Problems Arising From Professor Rawls' Conception of Distributive Justice.Partha Dasgupta - 1974 - Theory and Decision 4 (3-4):325-344.
  32.  23
    History of Indian Philosophy. Volume V.Surendranath Dasgupta - 1956 - Philosophical Review 65 (3):432-436.
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  33.  38
    Reply to Putnam and Walsh.Partha Dasgupta - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (3):365-372.
    Social thinkers frequently remind us that people differ on what constitutes personal well-being, but that even when they don't differ, they disagree over the extent to which one person's well-being can be permitted to be traded off against another's. They tell us that political differences are to be traced to differences in people's conceptions of personal and social well-being. We are given to understand, in other words, that people's ethics differ.
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  34. Three Conceptions of Intergenerational Justice.Partha Dasgupta - 2005 - In Hallvard Lillehammer & D. H. Mellor (eds.), Ramsey's Legacy. Oxford University Press. pp. 149--69.
  35.  42
    Medical Education for Social Justice: Paulo Freire Revisited. [REVIEW]Sayantani DasGupta, Alice Fornari, Kamini Geer, Louisa Hahn, Vanita Kumar, Hyun Joon Lee, Susan Rubin & Marji Gold - 2006 - Journal of Medical Humanities 27 (4):245-251.
    Although social justice is an integral component of medical professionalism, there is little discussion in medical education about how to teach it to future physicians. Using adult learning theory and the work of Brazilian educator Paulo Freire, medical educators can teach a socially-conscious professionalism through educational content and teaching strategies. Such teaching can model non-hierarchical relationships to learners, which can translate to their clinical interactions with patients. Freirian teaching can additionally foster professionalism in both teachers and learners by ensuring that (...)
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  36.  57
    Regarding Optimum Population.Partha Dasgupta - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (4):414–442.
  37.  9
    Regarding Optimum Population.Partha Dasgupta - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (4):414-442.
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  38. A Response to Dasgupta.Hilary Putnam & Vivian Walsh - 2007 - Economics and Philosophy 23 (3):359-364.
    The present note will be concerned only with Sir Partha Dasgupta's recent article in this journal (Dasgupta 2005). What is more, it will concentrate on those parts of the article which contain a serious misreading of Hilary Putnam's position on the entanglement of facts, theories and values. These philosophical matters can perhaps be clarified for economist readers (they should require no clarification for philosophers) by considering, to begin with, Dasgupta's interpretation of the Bergson–Samuelson position. What (Bergson) Burk (...)
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  39.  12
    Russell as a Man of Letters.R. K. Dasgupta - 1973 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies:3.
  40.  12
    Russell as a Man of Letters.R. K. Dasgupta - 1989 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 9:3.
  41.  19
    Population Size and the Quality of Life.Partha Dasgupta & Paul Seabright - 1989 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 63 (1):23 - 54.
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  42.  23
    Progress in Science and Science at the Non-Western Peripheries.Deepanwita Dasgupta - 2009 - Spontaneous Generations 3 (1):142-157.
    Assuming that progress in science means effectiveness at problem-solving, this paper discusses how a progressive scienti?c tradition can be created by a peripheral scienti?c community. A mechanism of peripheral scienti?c growth is proposed, and it is illustrated with an Indian case study. The conclusion of the paper is that scienti?c collaboration between metropolitan and peripheral research communities is frequently characterized by a persistent inequality of intellectual authority due to inequalityin their epistemic transactions.
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  43.  17
    Art is Going Elsewhere: And Politics has to Catch It: An Interview with Jacques Rancière.Sudeep Dasgupta - 2008 - Krisis 9 (1):70-76.
  44. Trust as a Commodity, 49-72.P. Dasgupta - 1988 - In Diego Gambetta (ed.), Trust: Making and Breaking Cooperative Relations. Blackwell.
     
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  45.  6
    An Instrument to Capture the Phenomenology of Implantable Brain Device Use.Frederic Gilbert, Brown, Dasgupta, Martens, Klein & Goering - forthcoming - Neuroethics.
    One important concern regarding implantable Brain Computer Interfaces is the fear that the intervention will negatively change a patient’s sense of identity or agency. In particular, there is concern that the user will be psychologically worse-off following treatment despite postoperative functional improvements. Clinical observations from similar implantable brain technologies, such as deep brain stimulation, show a small but significant proportion of patients report feelings of strangeness or difficulty adjusting to a new concept of themselves characterized by a maladaptive je ne (...)
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  46.  12
    Indian Idealism.Surendranath Dasgupta - 1933 - University Press.
    Originally published in 1969, this book gives the text of the Readership Lectures which the author delivered at the University of Patna. He sets out the various strands of idealistic thought in India which stemmed from the Upanishads and later from Buddhism, explaining in what sense these theories can be called 'idealism', bringing out the significant contributions of each of the principal Upanishads and comparing Buddhist idealism with that of Sankara and some of his followers.
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  47.  24
    Replies to Cameron, Dasgupta, and Wilson.Karen Bennett - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 98 (2):507-521.
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  48.  22
    Human Values in Management.R. K. Dasgupta - 1997 - Journal of Human Values 3 (2):145-160.
    The essay begins by the author's recollections of his younger days when people were seldom worried about moral decline in society. Today, however, it has become a real concern. Literature, philosophy, spiritual works are all essentially a celebration of human values. The paper examines the issue of scale of graded values as against that of absolutist universal values. A scrutiny of English literature reveals that some key literary figures in eighteenth-nineteenth century England drew attention to the decline of human values (...)
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  49. Dasgupta's Detonation.Theodore Sider - forthcoming - Philosophical Perspectives.
    Shamik Dasgupta has argued that realists about natural properties (and laws, grounding, etc.) cannot account for their epistemic value. For "properties are cheap": in addition to natural properties and any value the realist might attach to them, there are also "shmatural" properties (standing to natural properties like charge and mass as Goodman's grue and bleen stand to green and blue) and a corresponding "shmvalue" of theorizing in terms of them. Dasgupta's challenge is one of objectivity: the existence of (...)
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  50.  3
    An Instrument to Capture the Phenomenology of Implantable Brain Device Use.Frederic Gilbert, Brown, Dasgupta, Martens, Klein & Goering - forthcoming - Neuroethics:1-8.
    One important concern regarding implantable Brain Computer Interfaces is the fear that the intervention will negatively change a patient’s sense of identity or agency. In particular, there is concern that the user will be psychologically worse-off following treatment despite postoperative functional improvements. Clinical observations from similar implantable brain technologies, such as deep brain stimulation, show a small but significant proportion of patients report feelings of strangeness or difficulty adjusting to a new concept of themselves characterized by a maladaptive je ne (...)
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