Results for 'Obesity'

669 found
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  1.  41
    Obesity, Liberty and Public Health Emergencies.Jonathan Herington, Angus Dawson & Heather Draper - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (6):26-35.
    Widespread obesity poses a serious challenge to health outcomes in the developed world and is a growing problem in the developing world. There has been a raft of proposals to combat the challenge of obesity, including restrictions on the nature of food advertising, the content of prepared meals, and the size of sodas; taxes on saturated fat and on calories; and mandated “healthy-options” on restaurant menus. Many of these interventions seem to have a greater impact on rates of (...)
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  2.  66
    Obesity as a Socially Defined Disease: Philosophical Considerations and Implications for Policy and Care.Bjørn Hofmann - 2016 - Health Care Analysis 24 (1):86-100.
    Obesity has generated significant worries amongst health policy makers and has obtained increased attention in health care. Obesity is unanimously defined as a disease in the health care and health policy literature. However, there are pragmatic and not principled reasons for this. This warrants an analysis of obesity according to standard conceptions of disease in the literature of philosophy of medicine. According to theories and definitions of disease referring to internal processes, obesity is not a disease. (...)
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  3.  70
    The obesity epidemic: Medical and ethical considerations. [REVIEW]Jantina de Vries - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):55-67.
    Obesity is increasingly becoming a problem for Western societies, to the extent that politicians, scientists, patient organisations and the media now refer to it as ‘the obesity epidemic’. Concerns about the damaging effect of increasing body weight on public health has led to a strong growth in the amount of scientific work on the condition, with the medical professions leading the way. This article discusses that, first of all, scientific evidence for obesity-associated mortality is at best ambiguous, (...)
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  4.  27
    The obesity epidemic: medical and ethical considerations. [REVIEW]Jantina Vries - 2007 - Science and Engineering Ethics 13 (1):55-67.
    Obesity is increasingly becoming a problem for Western societies, to the extent that politicians, scientists, patient organisations and the media now refer to it as ‘the obesity epidemic’. Concerns about the damaging effect of increasing body weight on public health has led to a strong growth in the amount of scientific work on the condition, with the medical professions leading the way. This article discusses that, first of all, scientific evidence for obesity-associated mortality is at best ambiguous, (...)
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  5.  93
    From Obesity to Energy Metabolism: Ontological Perspectives on the Metrics of Human Bodies.Davide Serpico & Andrea Borghini - 2020 - Topoi 40 (3):577-586.
    In this paper, we aim at rethinking the concept of obesity in a way that better captures the connection between underlying medical aspects, on the one hand, and an individual’s developmental history, on the other. Our proposal rests on the idea that obesity is not to be understood as a phenotypic trait or character; rather, obesity represents one of the many possible states of a more complex phenotypic trait that we call ‘energy metabolism.’ We argue that this (...)
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  6. Is Obesity a Public Health Problem?Jonny Anomaly - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (3):216-221.
  7.  18
    The Obesity Crisis and Semiotic Corruption.Glenn McLaren - 2015 - Cosmos and History 11 (1):181-220.
    Is there an obesity crisis? Postmodernists like Michael Gard argue that there is not while epidemiologists argue that there is and it is growing. In this paper, I argue that such polarized positions are not a sign of healthy dialectic, but a sign of an increasingly fragmented and reductionist obesity research field. As a further example, I draw on long term seemingly unresolvable disputes within nutrition brought about through reductionist approaches. I argue that there is an obesity (...)
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  8. Obesity and Fast-Food.Docu Any Axelerad, Daniel Docu Axelerad & Tudor-Cosmin Ciocan - 2018 - Dialogo 4 (2):74-78.
    Obesity is one of the most significant public health challenges and becomes a public health problem. Consumption of fast-food, which have high energy densities and glycemic loads, and expose customers to excessive portion size, is frequently associated with weight gain, therefore, it is hypothesized that relative availability of fast-food is a risk for obesity.
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  9.  40
    Childhood Obesity: Ethical and Policy Issues.Kristin Voigt, Stuart G. Nicholls & Garrath Williams - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Childhood obesity has become a central concern in many countries and a range of policies have been implemented or proposed to address it. This co-authored book is the first to focus on the ethical and policy questions raised by childhood obesity and its prevention. -/- Throughout the book, the authors emphasize that childhood obesity is a multi-faceted phenomenon, and just one of many issues that parents, schools and societies face. They argue that it is important to acknowledge (...)
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  10.  45
    Obesity and Obligation.Sofia Jeppsson - 2015 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (1):89-110.
    The belief that obese people ought to lose weight and keep it off is widespread, and has a profound negative impact on the lives of the obese. I argue in this paper that most obese people have no such obligation, even if obesity is bad, and caused by calorie input exceeding output. Obese people do not have an obligation to achieve long-term weight loss if this is impossible for them, is worse than the alternative, or requires such an enormous (...)
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  11.  34
    Obesity, equity and choice.Timothy M. Wilkinson - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (5):323-328.
    Obesity is often considered a public health crisis in rich countries that might be alleviated by preventive regulations such as a sugar tax or limiting the density of fast food outlets. This paper evaluates these regulations from the point of view of equity. Obesity is in many countries correlated with socioeconomic status and some believe that preventive regulations would reduce inequity. The puzzle is this: how could policies that reduce the options of the badly off be more equitable? (...)
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  12.  67
    Obesity, Public Health, and the Consumption of Animal Products: Ethical Concerns and Political Solutions.Jan Deckers - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (1):29-38.
    Partly in response to rising rates of obesity, many governments have published healthy eating advice. Focusing on health advice related to the consumption of animal products (APs), I argue that the individualistic paradigm that prevails must be replaced by a radically new approach that emphasizes the duty of all human beings to restrict their negative “Global Health Impacts” (GHIs). If they take human rights seriously, many governments from nations with relatively large negative GHIs—including the Australian example provided here—must develop (...)
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  13.  46
    Obesity: Chasing an Elusive Epidemic.Daniel Callahan - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):34-40.
  14.  65
    Obesity: Towards a System of Libertarian Paternalistic Public Health Interventions.R. A. Skipper - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (2):181-191.
    This article draws on scientific explanations of obesity to motivate the creation of a system of paternalistic public health interventions into the obesity epidemic. Libertarian paternalists argue that paternalism is warranted in light of the cognitive limits of human decision-making abilities. There are further, specific biological limits on our capacity to choose and maintain a healthy diet. These biological facts strengthen the general motivation for libertarian paternalism. As a consequence, the creation of a system of paternalistic public health (...)
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  15.  53
    Obesity, identity and community: Leveraging social networks for behavior change in public health.Norah Mulvaney-Day & Catherine A. Womack - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (3):250-260.
    Obesity is a public health problem influenced by behavioral patterns that span an ecological spectrum of individual-level factors, social network factors and environmental factors. Both individual and environmental approaches necessarily include significant influences from social networks, but how and under what conditions social networks influence behavior change is often not clearly mapped out either in the obesity literature or in many intervention designs. In this paper, we provide an analysis of recent empirical work in obesity research that (...)
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  16.  19
    Obesity and outpatient rehabilitation using mobile technologies: the potential mHealth approach.Gianluca Castelnuovo, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Giada Pietrabissa, Stefania Corti, Emanuele Maria Giusti, Enrico Molinari & Susan Simpson - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  17.  65
    Primum Non Nocere: Obesity Stigma and Public Health. [REVIEW]Lenny R. Vartanian & Joshua M. Smyth - 2013 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (1):49-57.
    Several recent anti-obesity campaigns appear to embrace stigmatization of obese individuals as a public health strategy. These approaches seem to be based on the fundamental assumptions that (1) obesity is largely under an individual’s control and (2) stigmatizing obese individuals will motivate them to change their behavior and will also result in successful behavior change. The empirical evidence does not support these assumptions: Although body weight is, to some degree, under individuals’ personal control, there are a range of (...)
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  18.  9
    Genomics, Obesity and Enhancement: Moral Issues Regarding Aesthetics and Health.Maartje Schermer - 2008 - Genomics, Society and Policy 4 (2):36-52.
    Human enhancement is the term used for applications of biomedical knowledge that aim to improve human form or functioning beyond what is necessary to restore or sustain good health. Genomics is one of the research-areas that promises to offer such possibilities in the near future, and body weight – especially over-weight and obesity - is one of the human characteristics at which these will be directed. This paper offers an overview of some of the moral issues that the subject (...)
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  19.  26
    Obesity, political responsibility, and the politics of needs.Kaja Tulatz - 2019 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 22 (2):305-315.
    Since overweight and obesity have been framed as one of the main contemporary health challenges in industrialized countries, it has become a matter of public health efforts. While the belief that obese individuals are personally responsible for their body weight prevails in public opinion, evidence-based health science widely acknowledges that obesity is significantly influenced by socio-economic factors and thus that prevention requires structural changes. This constellation bears the chance of politicizing an issue formerly conceived of as private which (...)
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  20.  24
    Tackling Obesity and Disease: The Culprit Is Sugar; the Response Is Legal Regulation.Lawrence O. Gostin - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (1):5-7.
    It is staggering to observe the new normal in America: 37.9 percent of adults are obese, and 70.7 percent are either obese or overweight. One out of every five minors is obese. The real tragedy, of course, is the disability, suffering, and early death that devastates families and communities. But all of society pays, with the annual medical cost estimated at $147 billion. The causal pathways are complex, but if we drill down, sugar is a deeply consequential pathway to (...), and the single greatest dietary source is sugar-sweetened beverages. The copious amount of sugar in the American diet is no accident. Industry practices and regulatory failures have fueled this explosion. Yet there are sensible, effective interventions that would create the conditions for healthier behaviors. What are the key interventions, and how can we overcome the social, political, and constitutional roadblocks? Tobacco control offers a powerful model, suggesting that success requires a suite of interventions working in concert: labeling, warnings, taxation, portion sizes, product formulation, marketing restrictions, and bans in high-risk settings such as schools and hospitals. Each intervention deserves detailed analysis, but I'm kick-starting scholarly and policy conversation by systematically laying out the major legal tools. (shrink)
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  21. Obesity, Psychological Distress, and Resting State Connectivity of the Hippocampus and Amygdala Among Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer.Shannon D. Donofry, Alina Lesnovskaya, Jermon A. Drake, Hayley S. Ripperger, Alysha D. Gilmore, Patrick T. Donahue, Mary E. Crisafio, George Grove, Amanda L. Gentry, Susan M. Sereika, Catherine M. Bender & Kirk I. Erickson - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveOverweight and obesity [body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2] are associated with poorer prognosis among women with breast cancer, and weight gain is common during treatment. Symptoms of depression and anxiety are also highly prevalent in women with breast cancer and may be exacerbated by post-diagnosis weight gain. Altered brain function may underlie psychological distress. Thus, this secondary analysis examined the relationship between BMI, psychological health, and resting state functional connectivity among women with breast cancer.MethodsThe sample included 34 post-menopausal (...)
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  22.  19
    Combating Obesity through the Built Environment: Is There a Clear Path to Success?Fazal Khan - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):387-393.
    It is no secret that one of the biggest public health challenges facing this nation is the obesity epidemic. Two-thirds of adults and one-third of children and teens are either obese or overweight. For adults, the number of obese has doubled since 1980, and for children age 6-11 the number of obese has quadrupled. The epidemic has changed what we thought we knew about medicine. For example, until fairly recently, type 2 diabetes was known as “adult-onset” diabetes. But doctors (...)
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  23.  4
    Obesity Epidemic Entrepreneurs: Types, Practices and Interests.Gary Prtichard, Robert Hollands & Lee F. Monaghan - 2010 - Body and Society 16 (2):37-71.
    This article explores the enterprising act of socially constructing fatness, or overweight and obesity, as an individual and collective problem. We argue that this process is complex and hence draw liberally on and extend an eclectic range of scholarship when presenting a typology of obesity epidemic entrepreneurs, that is, those who actively make fatness into a correctable health problem. Using a variety of data, we consider six main ideal typical entrepreneurs: creators, amplifiers/moralizers, legitimators, supporters, enforcers/administrators and the entrepreneurial (...)
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  24.  23
    The Obesity Crisis.Mariam Ghosn - 2006 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 12 (2):4.
    Ghosn, Mariam The causes of obesity are complex. Both our attitudes and lifestyles will need to change in order to successfully address this issue.
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  25.  26
    Combating Obesity through the Built Environment: Is There a Clear Path to Success?Fazal Khan - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):387-393.
    This article focuses on how an often-overlooked portion of PPACA, “Community Transformation Grants,” might close the evidence gap in the relationship between obesity and the built environment and provide a pathway to effectively address this medically and economically costly epidemic.
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  26.  50
    Obesity and Health System Reform: Private vs. Public Responsibility.Y. Tony Yang & Len M. Nichols - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):380-386.
    Obesity is a particularly vexing public health challenge, since it not only underlies much disease and health spending but also largely stems from repeated personal behavioral choices. The newly enacted comprehensive health reform law contains a number of provisions to address obesity. For example, insurance companies are required to provide coverage for preventive-health services, which include obesity screening and nutritional counseling. In addition, employers will soon be able to offer premium discounts to workers who participate in wellness (...)
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  27.  20
    Obesity Discrimination in the Recruitment Process: “You’re Not Hired!”.Stuart W. Flint, Martin Čadek, Sonia C. Codreanu, Vanja Ivić, Colene Zomer & Amalia Gomoiu - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  28.  17
    Obesity, Pressure Ulcers, and Family Enablers.Jeffrey P. Spike - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):81-82.
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  29.  20
    Obesity and Health System Reform: Private vs. Public Responsibility.Y. Tony Yang & Len M. Nichols - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):380-386.
    The obesity epidemic is not only impairing the health of millions of Americans but also giving rise to billions of added dollars in health care spending. Climbing rates of obesity over the past decades are one of the predominant determinants behind the surging progression of health care expenses in the United States. Moreover, the less fit and less productive U.S. workforce has gradually eroded the nation’s industrial competitiveness. Since the early 1970s, adult obesity rates have doubled and (...)
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  30.  7
    Obesity Prevention in the Early Care and Education Setting: Successful Initiatives across a Spectrum of Opportunities.Meredith A. Reynolds, Caree Jackson Cotwright, Barbara Polhamus, Allison Gertel-Rosenberg & Debbie Chang - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s2):8-18.
    With an estimated 12.1% of children aged 2–5 years already obese, prevention efforts must target our youngest children. One of the best places to reach young children for such efforts is the early care and education setting. More than 11 million U.S. children spend an average of 30 hours per week in ECE facilities. Increased attention at the national, state, and community level on the ECE setting for early obesity prevention efforts has sparked a range of innovative efforts. To (...)
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  31.  29
    Gender, Obesity, and Stigmatization.Catherine A. Womack - unknown
    Obesity is defined and identified in a number of ways, depending on whether it is in a medical, social, public health, or other context. After a brief primer on obesity, its causes and effects (and in particular its gender-based effects), this entry will examine weight stigmatization in more detail, giving an overview of some of the major results of studies across social science and public health fields. Next will be a discussion of two main approaches from which to (...)
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  32.  32
    Obesity,” the Transnational Plate, and the Thin Contract.Abby Wilkerson - 2010 - Radical Philosophy Review 13 (1):43-67.
    This article explores how the notion of obesity as health problem (1) functions to obscure or justify global inequities related to food production and access and (2) indicates still deeper problems of injustice and the neglected role of embodiment in analyses of justice and injustice, and notions of political subjecthood. Food, the need to eat, and the food system shape social existence profoundly yet are underexplored in philosophy, especially political philosophy. Drawing on disability theory and food studies, this article (...)
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  33.  17
    Complex Obesity: Multifactorial Etiologies and Multifaceted Responses.Casey Jo Humbyrd - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (7):87-89.
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  34.  16
    Obesity and eating disorders: Cognitive aspects of food preference and food aversion.Adam Drewnowski - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):261-264.
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  35.  29
    Obesity, paternalism and fairness.Johannes Kniess - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (11):889-892.
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  36.  33
    Obesity Stigma: A Failed and Ethically Dubious Strategy.Daniel S. Goldberg & Rebecca M. Puhl - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (3):5-6.
  37.  37
    Public health ethics and obesity prevention: the trouble with data and ethics.Udo Schuklenk & Erik Yuan Zhang - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (1-2):121-140.
    In recent years policy makers and public health professionals have described obesity and its associated diseases as a major global public health problem. Bioethicists have tried to address the normative implications of proposed public health interventions by developing guidelines or proposing ethical principles that ethically grounded health policy responses should take into consideration. We are reviewing here relevant literature and conclude that while there are clearly health implications resulting from the increasing number of seriously obese people across the globe, (...)
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  38. Obesity and eating disorders: Cognitive aspects of food preference and food aversion.Adam Drewnowski - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (3):261-264.
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  39.  75
    Managing Uncertainty: Obesity Discourses and Physical Education in a Risk Society. [REVIEW]Michael Gard & Jan Wright - 2001 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (6):535-549.
    This paper considers the role of physicaleducation researchers within current publicconcerns about body shape and weight. UsingUlrich Beck's notion of `risk' it examines howcertainty about children, obesity, exercise andhealth is produced in the contexts of `expert'knowledge and recontextualised in the academicand professional physical education literature.It is argued that the unquestioning acceptanceof the obesity discourses in physical educationhelps to construct anxieties about the body,which are detrimental to students and silencesalternative ways of thinking and doing physicaleducation.
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  40.  17
    Obesity and Blame: Elusive Goals for Personal Responsibility.Harald Schmidt - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (3):8-9.
  41.  12
    Obesity in America: A Market Failure?Thomas A. Hemphill - 2018 - Business and Society Review 123 (4):619-630.
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  42.  17
    Childhood obesity and co‐morbid problems: effects of Epstein's family‐based behavioural treatment in an Icelandic sample.Thrudur Gunnarsdottir, Urdur Njardvik, Anna S. Olafsdottir, Linda Craighead & Ragnar Bjarnason - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):465-472.
  43.  9
    Obesity and eating disorders: A developmental perspective.Leann Lipps Birch - 1991 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 29 (2):265-272.
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  44.  8
    Obesity, Metabolically Healthy or Otherwise—A Word of Caution.Douglas Edward Barre - 2016 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (1):175-185.
    Stewart and Korol contend that obesity is benign. In support of their position they have focussed on selected papers that do not take into consideration key realities. Their attempt to minimise the impact of obesity appears to centre on how difficult it can be to lose weight by diet alone and problems with measurements of obesity, while failing to acknowledge the specific and well-documented impact of deleterious biochemical alterations arising from central obesity. Stewart and Korol also (...)
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  45.  39
    Childhood obesity and parental responsibilities.Harald Schmidt - 2008 - Hastings Center Report 38 (4):p. 3.
  46.  12
    Editorial: Obesity Stigma in Healthcare: Impacts on Policy, Practice, and Patients.W. Flint Stuart, J. Oliver Emily & J. Copeland Robert - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  47.  16
    Preventing Obesity and Chronic Disease: Education vs. Regulation vs. Litigation.Michael Cardin, Thomas A. Farley, Amanda Purcell & Janet Collins - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (s4):120-128.
  48.  9
    Preventing Obesity and Chronic Disease: Education vs. Regulation vs. Litigation.Michael Cardin, Thomas A. Farley, Amanda Purcell & Janet Collins - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (S4):120-128.
  49.  1
    Kindergarten Obesity and Academic Achievement: The Mediating Role of Weight Bias.Baeksan Yu - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study draws the attention towards the importance of reducing weight discrimination against children for their educational success, as an issue of social justice. We investigate the consequences of early-onset obesity identifying the mediating mechanisms in the relationship between childhood obesity and academic achievement. To do so, we employ the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort in the US and apply a parallel process latent growth model with a combination of quasi-experiments and econometrics. The results of this study suggest (...)
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  50.  20
    Childhood obesity in the WHO European Region.Yannis Manios & Vassiliki Costarelli - 2011 - In Luis Moreno, Iris Pigeot & Wolfgang Ahrens (eds.), Epidemiology of Obesity in Children and Adolescents. Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 43--68.
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