Results for 'Occasionalism'

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  1. Occasionalism and mechanism: Fontenelle's objections to Malebranche.Tad M. Schmaltz - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (2):293 – 313.
    It is well known that the French Cartesian Nicolas Malebranche (1638–1715) was both an occasionalist in metaphysics and a mechanist in physics. He consistently argued that God is the only true caus...
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  2.  26
    Islamic occasionalism, and its critique by Averoës and Aquinas.Majid Fakhry - 1958 - London,: Allen & Unwin.
    Originally published in 1958. Occasionalism is generally associated in the history of philosophy with the name of Malébranche. But long before this time, the Muslim Theologians of the ninth and tenth centuries had developed an occasionalist metaphysics of atoms and accidents. Arguing that a number of distinctively Islamic concepts such as fatalism and the surrender of personal endeavour cannot be fully understood except in the perspective of the occasionalist world view of Islam, the volume also discusses the attacks on (...)
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  3. Supernaturalism, occasionalism, and preformation in Malebranche.Karen Detlefsen - 2003 - Perspectives on Science 11 (4):443-483.
    Malebranche is both an occasionalist and an advocate of the preformationist theory of generation. One might expect this given that he is a mechanist: passive matter cannot be the source of its own motion and so requires God to move it (occasionalism); and such matter, moving according to a few simple laws of motion, could never fashion something as complex as a living being, and so organisms must be fashioned by God at Creation (preformationism). This expectation finds a challenge (...)
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  4. Occasionalism: causation among the Cartesians.Steven Nadler - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    These essays examine the philosophical, scientific, theological and religious themes and arguments of occasionalism, as well as its roots in medieval views on ...
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  5.  45
    An Occasionalist Response to Korman and Locke.David Killoren - 2021 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 19 (3).
    Dan Korman and Dustin Locke argue that non-naturalists are rationally committed to withhold moral belief. A main principle in their argument, which they call EC*, can be read in either of two ways, which I call EC*-narrow and EC*-wide. I show that EC*-narrow is implausible. Then I show that, if Korman and Locke rely on EC*-wide to critique non-naturalism, then the critique fails. I explain how the availability of a view that I like to call moral occasionalism can be (...)
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  6.  67
    Moral Occasionalism.David Killoren & Jacob Sparks - forthcoming - In Oxford Studies in Metaethics. pp. 299-325.
    This chapter develops Moral Occasionalism, according to which moral facts are grounded in certain natural facts, which are called sub-moral grounds, and these sub-moral grounds influence us in such a way as to induce largely correct moral beliefs. Moral Occasionalism is designed to explain the correlation of moral beliefs with the moral facts—and to do so in a way that is consistent with non-interactionist views, according to which moral facts neither influence nor are influenced by moral beliefs. It (...)
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  7. Occasionalism and non-reductive physicalism: another look at the continuous creation argument.Daniel Lim - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 75 (1):39-57.
    Malebranche’s so-called conservation is continuous creation (CCC) argument has been celebrated as a powerful and persuasive argument for Occasionalism—the claim that only God has and exercises causal powers. In this paper I want to examine the CCC argument for Occasionalism by comparing it to Jaegwon Kim’s so-called Supervenience argument against non-reductive physicalism. Because the arguments have deep similarities it is interesting and fruitful to consider them in tandem. First I argue that both the CCC argument and the Supervenience (...)
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  8. Occasionalism and strict mechanism: Malebranche, Berkeley, fontenelle.Lisa Downing - 2005 - In Christia Mercer (ed.), Early Modern Philosophy: Mind, Matter, and Metaphysics. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 206-230.
    The rich connections between metaphysics and natural philosophy in the early modern period have been widely acknowledged and productively mined, thanks in no small part to the work of Margaret Wilson, whose book, Descartes, served as an inspirational example for a generation of scholars. The task of this paper is to investigate one particular such connection, namely, the relation between occasionalist metaphysics and strict mechanism. My focus will be on the work of Nicholas Malebranche, the most influential Cartesian philosopher after (...)
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  9.  16
    Occasionalism.Daniel Lim - 2015 - In God and Mental Causation. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer.
    Malebranche’s so-called Conservation is Continuous Creation Argument (CCCA) for Occasionalism can be construed as an instance of the Generalized Exclusion Argument. This shows that the CCCA and the two stages of the Supervenience Argument are isomorphic with respect to each other. This allows interlocutors in these disparate areas of philosophy to engage in fruitful dialogue.
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  10. Quantum Occasionalism.Vasil Penchev - 2020 - Philosophy of Science eJournal (Elsevier: SSRN) 13 (34):1-14.
    Both transition and transformation link the ideal and material into a whole. Future is what “causes” the present, and the latter in turn is what “causes” the past. That kind of “reverse causality” needs free choice and free will in the present in order to be able to be realized unlike classical causality. A few properties feature the concept of “quantum occasionalism” as follows. Some hypothetical entity generates successively a series of well-ordered states. That hypothetical entity is called “coherent (...)
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  11.  6
    Occasionalism: La Forge, Cordemoy, Geulincx.Jean-Christophe Bardout - 2002 - In Steven Nadler (ed.), A Companion to Early Modern Philosophy. Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell. pp. 140–151.
    This chapter contains section titled: The Cartesian Origins of the Question Towards the Origins of Occasionalism: Louis de la Forge The Origin of Physical Motion Minds and Bodies Cordemoy and the Cause of Motion Geulincx, Occasionalism and Self‐Consciousness.
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  12.  84
    Occasionalism and Contemporary Analyses of Causation.Edward Moad - 2018 - Philosophy and Theology 30 (2):361-381.
    This paper will survey the most prominent contemporary analyses of causation, and evaluate their compatibility, or otherwise, with the doctrine of Occasionalism, with the ultimate aim of formulating an occasionalist analysis of causation. Though reductive analyses of causation are incompatible with Occasionalism, it seems that the denial of reductionism is as well. I will suggest a solution to the problem, involving an analysis of causation as the relation of extensional identity, between God’s will that an event actually occur, (...)
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  13. Occasionalism in a Contemporary Context.Douglas Kutach & Özgür Koca - manuscript
    This essay was completed in January 2016 and accepted for publication in a collection on occasionalism by Nazif Muhtaroglu. It attempts to update the doctrine of occasionalism to make it independent of theism and fit better with contemporary physics and a modern understanding of causation. We find that modern physics provides an avenue to support the essential core of occasionalism.
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  14. Edwards' Occasionalism.Stephen H. Daniel - 2010 - In Don Schweitzer (ed.), Jonathan Edwards as Contemporary. Peter Lang. pp. 1-14.
    Instead of focusing on the Malebranche-Edwards connection regarding occasionalism as if minds are distinct from the ideas they have, I focus on how finite minds are particular expressions of God's will that there be the distinctions by which ideas are identified and differentiated. This avoids problems, created in the accounts of Fiering, Lee, and especially Crisp, about the inherently idealist character of Edwards' occasionalism.
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  15. Occasionalism and general will in Malebranche.Steven M. Nadler - 1993 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 31 (1):31-47.
    This paper examines a common misreading of the mechanics of Malebranche's doctrine of divine causal agency, occasionalism, and its roots in a related misreading of Malebranche's theories. God, contrary to this misreading, is for Malebranche constantly and actively causally engaged in the world, and does not just establish certain laws of nature. The key is in understanding just what Malebranche means by general volitions'.
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  16. Occasionalism and Occasional Causation in Descartes' Philosophy.David Scott - 2000 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 38 (4):503-528.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Philosophy 38.4 (2000) 503-528 [Access article in PDF] Occasionalism and Occasional Causation in Descartes' Philosophy David Scott University of Victoria According to Descartes, the physical world's contact with the mind is through the sense organs and the brain, although the mechanics of this contact is by no means clear. Indeed, for many the idea that the physical world can act upon the mind (...)
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  17.  90
    The occasionalist proselytizer: A modified catechism.Hugh J. McCann & Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1991 - Philosophical Perspectives 5:587-615.
  18.  78
    Occasionalism and efficacious laws in Malebranche.Nicholas Jolley - 2002 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 26 (1):245–257.
  19. Occasionalism: From Metaphysics to Science.M. F. Camposampiero, M. Priarolo & Emanuela Scribano - 2019 - Turnhout: Brepols.
  20. Semantic occasionalism in Descartes.L. Imbasciati - 1998 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 18 (3):455-465.
     
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  21.  19
    Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians.Jordan Taylor - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (3):627-630.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 20, Issue 3, Page 627-630, May 2012.
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  22.  10
    Occasionalism: From Metaphysics to Science ed. by Matteo Favaretti Camposampiero, Mariangela Priarolo, and Emanuela Scribano.Fred Ablondi - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (2):404-405.
    This volume consists of papers originally presented at the international conference "Occasionalism: History and Problems," held in Venice in 2015; it contains twelve chapters, nine of which are in English, three in French. In their introduction, the editors describe occasionalism as a theory that was viewed by Medieval Christian philosophers as a "dangerous and treacherous" threat, only later to be "proudly asserted" in the post-Descartes era. This raises the question of to what degree this transition should be seen (...)
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  23. Divine Conservation, Concurrence, and Occasionalism.Edward Ryan Moad - 2018 - International Philosophical Quarterly 58 (2):209-225.
    Occasionalism is the doctrine that relegates all real causal efficacy exclusively to God. This paper will aim to elucidate in some detail the metaphysical considerations that, together with certain common medieval theological axioms, constitute the philosophical steps leading to this doctrine. First, I will explain how the doctrine of divine conservation implies that we should attribute to divine power causal immediacy in every natural event and that it rules out mere conservationism as a model of the causal relation between (...)
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  24.  27
    Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians.Laura Kotevska - 2013 - Intellectual History Review 23 (2):277-279.
  25.  91
    Occasionalism.Sukjae Lee - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  26. God, evil, and occasionalism.Matthew Shea & C. P. Ragland - 2018 - Religious Studies 54 (2):265-283.
    In a recent paper, Alvin Plantinga defends occasionalism against an important moral objection: if God is the sole direct cause of all the suffering that results from immoral human choices, this causal role is difficult to reconcile with God’s perfect goodness. Plantinga argues that this problem is no worse for occasionalism than for any of the competing views of divine causality; in particular, there is no morally relevant difference between God directly causing suffering and God indirectly causing it. (...)
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  27. Occasionalism.Jason Jordan - 2011 - In James Fieser & Bradley Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
     
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  28.  64
    Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians. By Steven Nadler. (Oxford UP, 2011. Pp. xii + 207. Price £37.00.).Kurt Smith - 2012 - Philosophical Quarterly 62 (248):643-643.
  29. Occasionalism in germany during the enlightenment.R. Specht - 1985 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 5 (2):189-214.
     
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  30. Occasionalism, Human Freedom, and Consent in Malebranche: 'Things that Undermine Each Other'?Sean Greenberg - 2016 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 7:151-186.
     
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  31. Occasionalism.Daisie Radner - 1993 - In G. H. R. Parkinson (ed.), The Renaissance and Seventeenth-Century Rationalism. Routledge.
  32. Occasionalism and the Cartesian Metaphysic of Motion.T. M. Lennon - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 1 (1):29.
     
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  33. Sensation, Occasionalism, and Descartes' Causal Principles.Tad M. Schmaltz - 1992 - In Phillip D. Cummins & Guenter Zoeller (eds.), Minds, Ideas, and Objects: Essays in the Theory of Representation in Modern Philosophy. Ridgeview Publishing Company.
  34.  51
    Maclaurin on Occasionalism: A Reply to Ablondi.Patrick J. Connolly - 2016 - Journal of Scottish Philosophy 14 (1):125-135.
    In a recent article Fred Ablondi compares the different approaches to occasionalism put forward by two eighteenth-century Newtonians, Colin Maclaurin and Andrew Baxter. The goal of this short essay is to respond to Ablondi by clarifying some key features of Maclaurin's views on occasionalism and the cause of gravitational attraction. In particular, I explore Maclaurin's matter theory, his views on the explanatory limits of mechanism, and his appeals to the authority of Newton. This leads to a clearer picture (...)
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  35. The Occasionalism of Louis de la Forge.Steven Nadler - 1993 - In Causation in Early Modern Philosophy. Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 57--73.
  36.  38
    Occasionalism, Laws and General Will.Russell Wahl - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (2):219-240.
    Malebranche held that God acts only by general volitions and so is not constantly interfering in the world. The content of God's volitions appears to include the general laws of nature and the particular initial configuration of the created world, so that occasional or natural causes have an important explanatory role. It is clear that at the least Malebranche meant by a 'general volition' the willing of events which followed general laws. Steven Nadler argued that this is all we should (...)
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  37.  1
    Occasionalism and Voluntarism: Early Modern Origin of Post-modern Romanticism.Chang-Ohk Moon - 2010 - 동서철학연구(Dong Seo Cheol Hak Yeon Gu; Studies in Philosophy East-West) 57:5-25.
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  38. Occasionalism Revisited.Nazif Muhtaroglu (ed.) - 2017 - Kalam Research & Media.
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  39. Ibn Khaldun and Occasionalism.Edward Moad - 2017 - In Nazif Muhtaroglu (ed.), Occasionalism Revisited. Abu Dhabi - United Arab Emirates: pp. 61-82.
    Ibn Khaldun (1332-1406) is said to be the first scholar to make history and society the direct objects of a systematic science. This paper will examine the role of occasionalism in his thought. This question is interesting because a perennial objection to occasionalism has been that it denies any real natural order, and therefore precludes the possibility of any systematic natural science. If Ibn Khaldun was an occasionalist, then it would mean that one of the earliest pioneers in (...)
     
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  40.  17
    Occasionalism and the Cartesian Metaphysic of Motion.T. M. Lennon - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 5 (sup1):29-40.
  41. Occasionalism and the mind-body problem.Steven Nadler - 1997 - In M. A. Stewart (ed.), Studies in Seventeenth-Century European Philosophy. Clarendon Press.
  42. Boyle’s Reductive Occasionalism.Daniel Layman - 2019 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 1 (1):2.
    Was Robert Boyle an occasionalist? And if so, what kind of occasionalist was he? These questions have long troubled commentators, as Boyle’s texts often seem to offer both endorsements of occasionalism and affirmations of bodies’ causal powers. I argue that Boyle’s position is best understood as reductive occasionalism, according to which bodily powers are relations between bodies and God’s action in the world, and there is no causal efficacy in bodies that is not strictly identical to God’s nomological (...)
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  43. God, causation and occasionalism.William F. Vallicella - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (1):3-18.
    The doctrine that there are no logically necessary connections in nature can be used to support both occasionalism, according to which God alone can be a cause, and 'anti-occasionalism', according to which God cannot be a cause. Quentin Smith has recently invoked the 'no logically necessary connections in nature' doctrine in support of the latter. I bring two main objections against his thesis that God (logically) cannot be a cause. The first is that there are good reasons to (...)
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  44.  8
    Living and Nonliving Occasionalism.Simon Weir - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):147-160.
    Graham Harman’s Object-Oriented Ontology has employed a variant of occasionalist causation since 2002, with sensual objects acting as the mediators of causation between real objects. While the mechanism for living beings creating sensual objects is clear, how nonliving objects generate sensual objects is not. This essay sets out an interpretation of occasionalism where the mediating agency of nonliving contact is the virtual particles of nominally empty space. Since living, conscious, real objects need to hold sensual objects as sub-components, but (...)
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  45.  8
    Decretalism Is (Still) Not Occasionalism.Jeffrey Koperski - 2023 - Philosophia Christi 25 (1):117-125.
    In “Koperski’s New (Improved?) Decretalism,” Robert Larmer argues that my version of nomological realism about the laws of nature logically entails occasionalism. Here I clarify and defend my view against this charge. The main disagreement is whether a proper account of the laws of nature must involve dynamic production—what is commonly called oomph.
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  46. Descartes and occasionalism.Daniel Garber - 1993 - In Steven Nadler (ed.), Causation in Early Modern Philosophy. Pennsylvania State University Press. pp. 9--26.
     
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  47.  36
    Boyle on Occasionalism: An Unexamined Source.Peter Anstey - 1999 - Journal of the History of Ideas 60 (1):57-81.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Boyle on Occasionalism: An Unexamined SourcePeter Anstey*1. IntroductionThe question of Robert Boyle’s attitude to occasionalism 1 is central to our understanding of his corpuscular hypothesis, yet there has been little or no consensus in the secondary literature regarding Boyle’s attitude. 2 The doctrine of occasionalism is that matter is causally inefficacious and that God is the only causal agent in nature. It is a doctrine that (...)
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  48. Malebranche and occasionalism: A reply to Steven Nadler.Desmond M. Clarke - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (3):499-504.
    In Malebranche's account of occasional causality, God exercises his general will with respect to every event that merits a causal explanation. Nadler distinguishes two pictures of God's involvement; (1) there are as many distinct acts of God's will as there are causal events to be explained; (2) God's will is exercised once only, when the natural order of causes is created. I argue that Malebranche's concept of God is inconsistent with a real distinction between God and acts of his will, (...)
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  49.  53
    Occasionalism: Causation Among the Cartesians. [REVIEW]Colin Chamberlain & Jeffrey K. McDonough - 2013 - Philosophical Review 122 (1):125-128.
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  50.  8
    The last of his kind? Gottfried Ploucquet’s occasionalism and the grounding of sense-perception.Christian Henkel - 2022 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (6):1055-1073.
    Sufficiently grounding the origin of sense-perceptions in the mind is an issue that has concerned philosophers for a long time, and remains an issue even today. In eighteenth-century Germany prior to the publication of Kant’s Critical philosophy, the two main competing theories to causally ground sense-perceptions were pre-established harmony and physical influx, the latter of which ultimately carried the day. A third option had been around in the seventeenth century: occasionalism. However, historians of philosophy believe this option to have (...)
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