Results for 'Occupational health'

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  1.  28
    Ethics in Occupational Health: Deliberations of an International Workgroup Addressing Challenges in an African Context.Leslie London, Godfrey Tangwa, Reginald Matchaba-Hove, Nhlanhla Mkhize, Remi Nwabueze, Aceme Nyika & Peter Westerholm - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):1-11.
    BackgroundInternational codes of ethics play an important role in guiding professional practice in developing countries. In the occupational health setting, codes developed by international agencies have substantial import on protecting working populations from harm. This is particularly so under globalisation which has transformed processes of production in fundamental ways across the globe. As part of the process of revising the Ethical Code of the International Commission on Occupational Health, an Africa Working Group addressed key challenges for (...)
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  2.  17
    Ethics in Occupational Health: Deliberations of an International Workgroup Addressing Challenges in an African Context.Leslie London, Godfrey Tangwa, Reginald Matchaba-Hove, Nhlanhla Mkhize, Reginald Nwabueze, Aceme Nyika & Peter Westerholm - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):48.
    International codes of ethics play an important role in guiding professional practice in developing countries. In the occupational health setting, codes developing by international agencies have substantial import on protecting working populations from harm. This is particularly so under globalisation which has transformed processes of production in fundamental ways across the globe. As part of the process of revising the Ethical Code of the International Commission on Occupational Health, an African Working Group addressed key challenges for (...)
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  3.  24
    Measuring How Well the NHS Looks After its Own Staff: Methodology of the First National Clinical Audits of Occupational Health Services in the NHS.Siân Williams, Caroline Rogers, Penny Peel, Samuel B. Harvey, Max Henderson, Ira Madan, Julia Smedley & Robert Grant - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):283-289.
  4.  8
    How Occupational Health Care Professionals Experience Evidence‐Based Guidelines in Finland: A Qualitative Study.Maritta Kinnunen‐Amoroso - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (4):612-616.
  5.  56
    The Contribution of Health Professionals to the Creation of Occupational Health Standards: The Impact of Professional Ethics in the Case of Asbestos.H. Nico Plomp - 2013 - Public Health Ethics 6 (1):73-89.
    ln the Netherlands, as in other Western countries, there is a great time lag between the evidence of the carcinogenicity of asbestos (1949) and the launching of first legislation that reduces the occupational exposure (1971) and finally, the complete ban of the production and application of asbestos (1993). So, between 1949 and 1970 there was a serious health risk while effective protective regulations were lacking. This implied a serious ethical dilemma for occupational health professionals: according to (...)
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  6.  26
    Understanding Privacy in Occupational Health Services.Anne Heikkinen, Gustav Wickström & Helena Leino-Kilpi - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (5):515-530.
    The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of privacy in occupational health services. Data were collected through in-depth theme interviews with occupational health professionals (n=15), employees (n=15) and employers (n=14). Our findings indicate that privacy, in this context, is a complex and multilayered concept, and that companies as well as individual employees have their own core secrets. Co-operation between the three groups proved challenging: occupational health professionals have to consider carefully (...)
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  7.  36
    The Nurse's Challenge in Coping With Ethical Dilemmas in Occupational Health.Nili Tabak & Tamar Ben-Or - 1994 - Nursing Ethics 1 (4):208-215.
    This paper discusses the occupational health nurse's dilemmas by illustrating two cases faced by nurses in occupational health practice and setting out their analysis according to a decision-making model. The counter-interests, which may offend the principles of conserving professional occupational ethics among service consumers and employers as well as fellow professionals, are emphasized. This paper also describes the complex problems involved in the worker's safety and the safeguarding of their autonomy, while preserving interpersonal relations among (...)
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  8.  16
    Privacy and Occupational Health Services.A. Heikkinen - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (9):522-525.
    Privacy is a key ethical principle in occupational health services. Its importance is emphasised in several laws, in ethical codes of conduct as well as in the literature, yet there is only very limited empirical research on privacy in the occupational health context. Conceptual questions on privacy in the occupational health context are discussed. The baseline assumption is that, in this context, privacy cannot be approached and examined only from the employee’s vantage point but (...)
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  9.  16
    Privacy and Dual Loyalties in Occupational Health Practice.Anne M. Heikkinen, Gustav J. Wickström, Helena Leino-Kilpi & Jouko Katajisto - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (5):675-690.
    This survey set out to explore occupational health professionals' courses of action with respect to privacy in a situation of dual loyalty between employees and employers. A postal questionnaire was sent to randomly selected potential respondents. The overall response rate was 64%: 140 nurses and 94 physicians returned the questionnaire. Eight imaginary cases involving an ethical dilemma of privacy were presented to the respondents. Six different courses of action were constructed within the set alternatives proposed. The study indicated (...)
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  10. Health Examination and Scientific Inference in Occupational Health Service.Heikki Saarnio - 1988 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (1).
    In spite of doubts in many quarters there seems to be considerable confidence in the benefits of health examinations. In my opinion it is important to analyze the structure and the purpose of the examinations in order to elucidate the practical thinking and logical quality of OHS. In this article I will conceive health examination as an information process and offer types of inference, i.e. prediction, abduction and induction, feasible for the analysis. I will study the logical conditions (...)
     
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  11.  29
    Trading Jobs for Health: Ionizing Radiation, Occupational Ethics, and the Welfare Argument.Kristin Shrader-Frechette - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):139-154.
    Blue-collar workers throughout the world generally face higher levels of pollution than the public and are unable to control many health risks that employers impose on them. Economists tend to justify these risky workplaces on the grounds of the compensating wage differential (CWD). The CWD, or hazard-pay premium, is the alleged increment in wages, all things being equal, that workers in hazardous environments receive. According to this theory, employees trade safety for money on the job market, even though they (...)
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  12.  10
    Steps to Ensure a Successful Implementation of Occupational Health and Safety Interventions at an Organizational Level.Isabel M. Herrera-Sánchez, José M. León-Pérez & José M. León-Rubio - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  13.  14
    Allison L. Hepler. Women in Labor: Mothers, Medicine, and Occupational Health in the United States, 1890–1980. Xxi + 177 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2000. $47.50 ; $18.95. [REVIEW]Beatrix Hoffman - 2002 - Isis 93 (3):518-519.
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  14.  9
    Occupational Safety and Health.Bridget M. Hutter - 2010 - In Peter Cane & Herbert M. Kritzer (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Empirical Legal Research. Oxford University Press.
    Much of the research that has been carried out on occupational health and safety involves studies of regulatory practices. OHS studies linearly maintain that early legislations were of minimal consequence. Implementation is a two-tier structure—policy-making and enforcement. This article considers the main themes and findings of this body of research. It is structured around a “natural history” approach to understanding law. This approach regards law as a process which starts with the recognition of a problem demanding legal intervention (...)
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  15.  9
    Occupational Health and Safety in Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States.Joseph A. Petrick & Foster C. Rinefort - 1999 - Business and Society Review 104 (4):417-438.
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  16.  7
    Gender as Headline and Subtext: Problematizing the Gender Perspective in an Occupational Health Project.Gunilla Olofsdotter & Angelika Sjöstedt Landén - 2014 - Vulnerable Groups and Inclusion 5.
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  17.  4
    Impact of Intensive Daily Stress on Teacher’s Occupational Health.Dziuba Tetiana - 2017 - Science and Education: Academic Journal of Ushynsky University 17 (3):18-22.
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  18.  6
    Ethics Guidance for Occupational Health Practice: A Commentary.J. Tamin - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (2-3):61-62.
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  19.  5
    The Liability of the Occupational Health Nurse.Elizabeth A. Bowyer - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (5):224-226.
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  20.  4
    Improving Ontology-Based Text Classification: An Occupational Health and Security Application.Nayat Sanchez-Pi, Luis Martí & Ana Cristina Bicharra Garcia - 2016 - Journal of Applied Logic 17:48-58.
  21.  7
    A Note on Ethics and the Part-Timer in Occupational Health.E. V. Kuenssberg - 1980 - Journal of Medical Ethics 6 (4):197-198.
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  22.  2
    Editorial: Psychosocial Job Dimensions and Distress/Well-Being: Issues and Challenges in Occupational Health Psychology.Renato Pisanti, Anthony J. Montgomery & James Campbell Quick - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  23.  4
    Ethical Issues in Occupational Health.Edward Pochin - 1985 - In Spyros Doxiadis (ed.), Ethical Issues in Preventive Medicine. Distributors for United States and Canada. pp. 72--77.
  24.  1
    Current Occupational Health Policy Issues for Universities in the United Kingdom.Katherine M. Venables & Steven Allender - 2006 - Perspectives: Policy and Practice in Higher Education 10 (2):45-51.
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  25.  4
    The Liability of the Occupational Health Nurse.Elizabeth A. Bowyer - 1983 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 11 (5):224-226.
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  26.  39
    Ethical Dilemmas in Occupational Therapy and Physical Therapy: A Survey of Practitioners in the UK National Health Service.R. Barnitt - 1998 - Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (3):193-199.
    OBJECTIVES: To identify ethical dilemmas experienced by occupational and physical therapists working in the UK National Health Service (NHS). To compare ethical contexts, themes and principles across the two groups. DESIGN: A structured questionnaire was circulated to the managers of occupational and physical therapy services in England and Wales. SUBJECTS: The questionnaires were given to 238 occupational and 249 physical therapists who conformed to set criteria. RESULTS: Ethical dilemmas experienced during the previous six months were reported (...)
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  27.  2
    Self-Esteem and Social Support in the Occupational Stress-Subjective Health Relationship Among Medical Professionals.Tadeusz Ostrowski - 2009 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 40 (1):13-19.
    Self-esteem and social support in the occupational stress-subjective health relationship among medical professionals The starting point for the presented study was the concept by House who construed social support as buffering the impact of work-related stress on health. Self-esteem was taken under consideration as the other potential stress buffer. It was hypothesized that both social support and self-esteem would have a salutogenic effect, since they attenuate the experience of occupational stress and reduce health problems associated (...)
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  28.  11
    Social Position and Health: Are Old and New Occupational Classifications Interchangeable?Peter Craig & John Forbes - 2005 - Journal of Biosocial Science 37 (1):89-106.
    There is growing international interest in the choice of socioeconomic indicators for health research. This study used a combination of standard and novel methods to compare three occupation-based measures of social position in terms of their ability to explain variation and measure inequality in self-assessed health. The recently developed National Statistics Socioeconomic Classification (NS-SEC) is compared with its predecessor, the Registrar General64 living in private households in Scotland, logistic regression models are used to compare the classifications' ability to (...)
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  29. Professionalism and Occupational Well-Being: Similarities and Differences Among Latin American Health Professionals.Montserrat San-Martín, Roberto Delgado-Bolton & Luis Vivanco - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  30.  82
    L’Intégration des Nouveaux Préposés aux Bénéficiaires Dans les Organisations Gériatriques au Québec : La Santé au Travail au Risque des temporalitésThe Integration of New Oderlies in Geriatric Organizations in Quebec: The Risks to Occupational Safety and Health.François Aubry - 2014 - Revue Phronesis 3 (4):48.
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  31.  37
    Regulating America, Regulating Sweden: A Comparative Study of Occupational Safety and Health Policy.G. Majone - 1983 - Ethics 93 (4):816-817.
  32.  62
    Book Review: Levenstein C, At the Point of Production: The Social Analysis of Occupational and Environmental Health, Baywood: Amityville, NY, 2008, 252 Pp.: 9780895033819, US$48.95. [REVIEW]M. Meadows-Oliver - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (5):676-676.
  33.  7
    Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices About the Health-Related Occupational Hazards Among Dental Practitioners in Pondicherry, India.Sajani Ramachandran, Usha Carounanidy, S. Manikandan & Ranu Kumari - 2017 - Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry 7 (2):44.
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  34.  18
    Occupational and Environmental Health.Lora E. Fleming - 2003 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 11 (3):65-82.
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  35.  9
    An Integrative Review of Social and Occupational Factors Influencing Health and Wellbeing.MaryBeth Gallagher, Orla T. Muldoon & Judith Pettigrew - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  36.  21
    Work Stress and Women's Health: Occupational Status Effects. [REVIEW]Ronald J. Burke - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 37 (1):91 - 102.
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  37.  4
    Occupational Hazards to Reproduction: A Review Essay and Annotated BibliographyWorking for Your Life: A Woman's Guide to Job Health HazardsWomen's Work, Women's Health: Myths and Realities.Wendy Chavkin, Andrea Hricko, Melanie Brunt & Jeanne Mager Stellman - 1979 - Feminist Studies 5 (2):310.
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  38.  5
    Occupational and Environmental Health: Towards An Environmentally Inclusive Bioethics.Robin N. Fiore & Lora E. Fleming - 2003 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 11 (3):65-82.
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  39. The Occupational Soft and Health Problem.James Chelius - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics.
  40. Occupational Patterns of Structural Brain Health: Independent Contributions Beyond Age, Gender, Intelligence, and Age.Christian Habeck, Teal S. Eich, Yian Gu & Yaakov Stern - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  41. Kelman, Steven, "Regulating America, Regulating Sweden: A Comparative Study of Occupational Safety and Health Policy". [REVIEW]G. Majone - 1982 - Ethics 93:816.
     
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  42.  85
    Ethical Issues Relating to the Health Effects of Long Working Hours.Allard E. Dembe - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S2):195-208.
    Considerable research evidence has accumulated indicating that there is an increased likelihood for illness and injury among employees working in long-hour schedules and schedules involving unconventional shift work. In addition, studies show that fatigue-related errors made by employees working in these kind of demanding schedules can have serious and adverse repercussions for public safety. As the result of these concerns, new protective legislation is being advocated in the United States, for instance, to restrict the hours of work among nurses and (...)
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  43.  22
    Discovering Specific Conditions for Compliance with Soft Regulation Related to Work with Nanomaterials.Aline Reichow & Bärbel Dorbeck-Jung - 2013 - NanoEthics 7 (1):83-92.
    At workplaces where nanomaterials are produced or used, risk assessment and risk management are extremely difficult tasks since there is still limited evidence about the risks of nanomaterials. Measurement methods for nanoparticles are contested and safety standards have not yet been developed properly. To support compliance with the legal obligation of the employer to care for safe workplaces a large number of ‘soft’ regulatory tools have been proposed (e.g. codes of conduct, benchmarks, standards). However, it is not clear whether and (...)
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  44. Keeping Academic Field Researchers Safe: Ethical Safeguards. [REVIEW]Susanne Bahn - 2012 - Journal of Academic Ethics 10 (2):83-91.
    Competent risk management is central to the ethical conduct and profitability of organisations including universities. Recent UK research highlights the risks of physical and psychological harm and emotional distress for researchers and the importance of developing strategies to deal with these issues prior to data being collected. Actual numbers of incidents of researcher harm in Australian universities are unavailable; however anecdotal evidence and Bloor et al.’s ( 2010 ) case studies suggest that this is a significant issue. They recommended risk (...)
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  45.  61
    Consenting to Uncertainty: Challenges for Informed Consent to Disease Screening—a Case Study.Mark Greene & Suzanne M. Smith - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (6):371-386.
    This paper uses chronic beryllium disease as a case study to explore some of the challenges for decision-making and some of the problems for obtaining meaningful informed consent when the interpretation of screening results is complicated by their probabilistic nature and is clouded by empirical uncertainty. Although avoidance of further beryllium exposure might seem prudent for any individual whose test results suggest heightened disease risk, we will argue that such a clinical precautionary approach is likely to be a mistake. Instead, (...)
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  46.  7
    Aspectos éticos y jurídicos de la salud ocupacional.Ángela Arenas Massa & Carolina Riveros Ferrada - 2017 - Persona y Bioética 21 (1).
    Occupational health covers technical, medical, social and legal aspects. This article analyzes it from the perspective of biodiversity, specifically aspects related to risky behavior and its protective factors that are contained in binding international instruments, resolutions and declarations issued by the World Health Organization and the International Labor Organization, which seek to improve safety and health at work and in the environment. A bibliographic review of legal documents and scientific articles of reference was conducted to that (...)
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  47.  32
    Laboratory Safety and Nanotechnology Workers: An Analysis of Current Guidelines in the USA.Jeong Joo Ahn, Youngjae Kim, Elizabeth A. Corley & Dietram A. Scheufele - 2016 - NanoEthics 10 (1):5-23.
    Although some regulatory frameworks for the occupational health and safety of nanotechnology workers have been developed, worker safety and health issues in these laboratory environments have received less attention than many other areas of nanotechnology regulation. In addition, workers in nanotechnology labs are likely to face unknown risks and hazards because few of the guidelines and rules for worker safety are mandatory. In this article, we provide an overview of the current health and safety guidelines for (...)
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  48.  13
    Occupational Therapy in Emergency Departments: Australian Practice.Anne Cusick, Lucinda Johnson & Michelle Bissett - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):257-265.
  49.  17
    The Significance of the Goal of Health Care for the Setting of Priorities.Per-Erik Liss - 2003 - Health Care Analysis 11 (2):161-169.
    The purpose of the article is to argue for the significance of a clarified goal of health care for the setting of priorities. Three arguments are explored. First, assessment of needs becomes necessary in so far as the principle of need should guide the priority-setting. The concept of health care need includes a goal component. This component should for rational reasons be identical with the goal of health care. Second, in order to use resources efficiently it is (...)
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  50.  59
    Error and Patient Safety: Ethical Analysis of Cases in Occupational and Physical Therapy Practice. [REVIEW]Linda S. Scheirton, K. Mu, H. Lohman & T. M. Cochran - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):301-311.
    Compared to other health care professions such as medicine, nursing and pharmacy, few studies have been conducted to examine the nature of practice errors in occupational and physical therapy. In an ongoing study to determine root causes, typographies and impact of occupational and physical therapy error on patients, focus group interviews have been conducted across the United States. A substantial number of harmful practice errors and/or other patient safety events (deviations or accidents) have been identified. Often these (...)
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