Ayahuasca is a psychoactive brew from Amazonas, popularized in the last decades in part through transnational religious networks, but also due to interest in exploring spirituality through altered states of consciousness among academic schools and scientific researchers. In this article, the author analyzes the relation between science and religion proposing that the “demarcation problem” between the two arises from the relations among consciousness, intentionality, and spirituality. The analysis starts at the beginning of modern science, continues through the nineteenth (...) century, and then examines the appearance of new schools in psychology and anthropology in the countercultural milieu of the 1960s. The author analyzes the case of ayahuasca against this historical background, first, in the general context of ayahuasca studies in the academic field. Second, he briefly describes three cases from Spain. Finally, he discusses the permeability of science to “spiritual ontologies” from an interdisciplinary perspective, using insights from social and cognitive sciences. (shrink)
(1994). Introduction to the special issue on art and science: Studies from the world academy of art and science. World Futures: Vol. 40, Art and Science: Studies from the World Academy of Art and Science, pp. 1-1.
This is an excellent book on a limited topic, displaying meticulous scholarship in its use of primary sources and shrewd judgment in its interpretation of facts. It makes a small but valuable contribution to our understanding of the relationships between Calvinist theology, Cartesian philosophy and the "new science"' in the 17th century, and the mechanisms by which science became an established part of Enlightenment society and education.
The development of a professional code of ethics should provide an explanation of the professional values and principals that guide a body of persons engaged in an important role in society. Most professions find ethical standards of conduct are necessary to codify acceptable behavior to develop public trust, reliability, and consistency in their performance. The proposed AMS Code of Ethics for Marketing Educators is the first step in developing communication, debate, and hopefully, agreement about the social responsibility of the marekting (...) discipline. It is important to note that the AMS code was not developed to punish wrongdoers but to provide a positive guide to help marketing educators understand how their actions may be viewed by society. It is an attempt to establish standards that are collectively viewed as important to the marketing education profession. (shrink)
In its functioning, religion goes beyond the limits of its availability only in the individual consciousness of the faithful. She is subjected to doctrinal deity and ritual-religious interpretation, through their own institutionalized structures are included in different spheres of human life, sacralizing them. Therefore, the subject of the academic Religious studies in its broadest aspect, besides the nature of religion, are also her functionality in a large confessional variety. Academicity Religious studies are not hostility towards religion, not atheism, as some (...) seek it so interpreted. A feature of academic religious studies is observance of ideological neutrality with respect to religion, certain the equilibrium of confessions, tolerance to each of them, what not in the theological, denominational-interlocutory, and therefore unscientific religious studies, and there is no so-called scientific atheism. (shrink)