37 found
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  1.  24
    Representation of the Microcosm: The Claim for Objectivity in 19th Century Scientific Microphotography.Olaf Breidbach - 2002 - Journal of the History of Biology 35 (2):221 - 250.
    Microphotography was one of the earliest applications of photography in science: The first monograph on tissue organization illustrated with microphotographs was published in 1845. In the 1860s, a large number of introductions to scientific microphotography were published by anatomists. They argued that microphotography was a means of documenting the results of microscopic analysis, uncontaminated by the subjectivity of the observer. In the early decades of the 19th century, before the general acceptance of cell theory, such a technique was of special (...)
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  2.  59
    The Controversy on Stain Technologies — an Experimental Reexamination of the Dispute on the Cellular Nature of the Nervous System Around 1900.Olaf Breidbach - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (2):195 - 212.
    The controversy of neuroanatomy on the principal structure of the nervous systems, which took place at the end of the nineteenth century, is described. Two groups of scientists are identified: one that favoured the idea of a discrete cellular organization of the nervous tissue, and one that favoured a syncytial organization. These two interpretations arose from different histological techniques that produced conflicting pictures of the organization of the nervous tissue. In an experimental reexamination of the techniques used at the end (...)
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  3.  31
    Lorenz Oken and "Naturphilosophie" in Jena, Paris and London.Olaf Breidbach & Michael Ghiselin - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (2):219 - 247.
    Although Lorenz Oken is a classic example of Naturphilosophie as applied to biology, his views have been imperfectly understood. He is best viewed as a follower of Schelling who consistently attempted to apply Schelling's ideas to biological data. His version of Naturphilosophie, however, was strongly influenced by older pseudoscience traditions, especially alchemy and numerology as they had been presented by Robert Fludd, whose works were current in Jena and available to him. According to those influences, parts of Oken's philosophical conception (...)
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  4. Zum Verhaltnis Von Spekulativer Philosophie Und Biologie Im 19 Jahrhundert.Olaf Breidbach - 1985 - Philosophia Naturalis 22 (3):385-399.
    In his study on 'schelling's and hegel's verhaltnis zur naturwissenschaft' of 1844 m j schleiden, one of the leading biologists of that time, opposed the speculative idealism. his work marks the change of the german biology to a science that is founded on materialistic assumptions. it gives the essence of a discussion that is not only interesting in a historical perspective but accentuated an ongoing controversy.
     
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  5.  9
    Schattenbilder: Zur elektronenmikroskopischen Photographie in den Biowissenschaften.Olaf Breidbach - 2005 - Berichte Zur Wissenschafts-Geschichte 28 (2):160-171.
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  6.  2
    Schattenbilder: Zur elektronenmikroskopischen Photographie in den Biowissenschaften†.Olaf Breidbach - 2005 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 28 (2):160-171.
    The paper describes the first attempts of biological electron microphotography. It starts with a description of the early use of electron microscopy in biology, showing that electron microscopy was used as an extension of former light microscopical studies. Thus, the pictures produced by electron microscopy are interpreted as describing the micro-texture of those structures already seen in light microscopy. That was done irrespective from the specific problems of tissue preparation for electron microscopy. The use of photography in electron microscopy is (...)
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  7.  8
    Auswahlbibliographie des Sonderforschungsbereiches, Ereignis Weimar-Jena. Kultur um 1800'.Thomas Bach, Olaf Breidbach, Stuttgart-Bad Naturphilosophie Nach Schelling, Joachim BerGer, Musenhof Anna Amalias Der & Mäzenatentum Geselligkeit - 2005 - In Katja Regenspurger & Temilo van Zantwijk (eds.), Wissenschaftliche Anthropologie Um 1800? Steiner.
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  8.  3
    Burdach: Anthropologie als (Popular-) Wissenschaft.Olaf Breidbach - 2005 - In Katja Regenspurger & Temilo van Zantwijk (eds.), Wissenschaftliche Anthropologie Um 1800? Steiner. pp. 104.
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  9.  7
    Being at Home in the Brain.Olaf Breidbach - 2013 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 26 (1):5-24.
  10.  3
    Über die Geburtswehen einer quantifizierenden Ökologie — der Streit um die Kieler Planktonexpedition von 1889.Olaf Breidbach - 1990 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 13 (2):101-114.
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  11. Concepts of Rationality Before 1800 and Today.Olaf Breidbach - 2012 - Annuario Filosofico 28:261-274.
    Concepts of enlightenment were developed and transmitted to modern times. From that perspective, one has to understand classic and romanticism as a kind of culmination of European enlightenment, thereby describing romanticisms as a European phenomenon. Here, our ideas of freedom, personality and governance, the concept of science, the idea of rationality and, in particular, the disciplinarily defined rationality originated. It is the Kantian perspective, by which we now look on rationality. It is the Hegelian idea of system and coherence, we (...)
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  12. Der Analogieschluss in den Naturwissenschaften Oder Die Fiktion des Realen Bemerkungen Zur Mystik des Induktiven.Olaf Breidbach - 1987
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  13. Die Naturkonzeption Schellings in Seiner Frühen Naturphilosophie.Olaf Breidbach - 1986 - Philosophia Naturalis 23 (1):82-95.
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  14. Deutsche Naturphilosophie Und Technikverständnis Historische Wirkungen Im Internationalen Vergleich.Olaf Breidbach, K. Pinkau, Christina Stahlberg, Karl Heinz Beckurts-Stiftung & Symposium "Deutsche Naturphilosophie und Technikverständnis" - 1998
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  15. Das Organische in Hegels Denken Studie Zur Naturphilosophie Und Biologie Um 1800.Olaf Breidbach - 1982
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  16.  3
    Evolutive Entwicklung denken.Olaf Breidbach - 2006 - In Sebastian Lalla, Anja Hallacker & Günter Frank (eds.), Erzählende Vernunft. Akademie Verlag. pp. 139-152.
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  17. Evolutionskonzeptionen in der frühen Romantik.Olaf Breidbach - 1986 - Philosophia Naturalis 23 (3):321-336.
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  18. Handlungsnorm als Wissenschaft? - Zur Disziplinierung des Naturschutzes.Olaf Breidbach - 1995 - Ethik Und Sozialwissenschaften 6 (4):528.
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  19. Hegels Evolutionskritik.Olaf Breidbach - 1987 - Hegel-Studien 22:165-172.
     
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  20.  5
    Haeckel's Monism and the Birth of Fascist Ideology by Daniel Gasman. [REVIEW]Olaf Breidbach - 2000 - Isis 91:602-603.
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  21.  5
    Haeckel's Monism and the Birth of Fascist Ideology. Daniel Gasman.Olaf Breidbach - 2000 - Isis 91 (3):602-603.
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  22. Hegel Und Die Lebenswissenschaften.Olaf Breidbach & Dietrich von Engelhardt - 2002
     
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  23. Internal Representations--A Prelude for Neurosemantics.Olaf Breidbach - 1999 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 20 (4):403-419.
    Following the concept of internal representations, signal processing in a neuronal system has to be evaluated exclusively on the basis of internal system characteristics. Thus, this approach omits the external observer as a control function for sensory integration. Instead, the configuration of the system and its computational performance are the effects of endogeneous factors. Such self-referential operation is due to a strictly local computation in a network. Thereby, computations follow a set of rules that constitutes the emergent behaviour of the (...)
     
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  24. Knowing How to See-Remarks on Horst Bredekamp's Concept of a Historical Image Science.Olaf Breidbach - 2007 - Philosophische Rundschau 54 (1):85 - 95.
     
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  25.  9
    Nachruf auf Erika Krauße.Olaf Breidbach - 2004 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 12 (1):51-59.
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  26.  6
    Sehen Wissen: Bemerkungen zu Horst Bredekamps Konzept einer historischen Bildwissenschaft.Olaf Breidbach - 2007 - Philosophische Rundschau 54 (1):85 - 95.
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  27. The Science and the Sciences.Olaf Breidbach - forthcoming - Hegel-Studien.
  28.  49
    The Search for the Basis of Natural Classification.Olaf Breidbach - 2007 - The Monist 90 (4):483-498.
  29. Video Ergo Sum Reprèasentation Nach Innen Und Aussen Zwischen Kunst- Und Neurowissenschaften.Olaf Breidbach & Karl Clausberg - 1999
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  30.  2
    Wissen händeln. Bemerkungen zur Konstitution wissenschaftlichen Wissens.Olaf Breidbach - 2010 - In Guido Kreis & Joachim Bromand (eds.), Was Sich Nicht Sagen Lässt: Das Nicht-Begriffliche in Wissenschaft, Kunst Und Religion. Akademie Verlag. pp. 141-156.
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  31.  2
    World Orders and Corporal Worlds: Robert Fludd’s Tableau of Knowing and its Representation.Olaf Breidbach - 2008 - In Jan Lazardzig, Ludger Schwarte & Helmar Schramm (eds.), Theatrum Scientiarum - English Edition, Volume 2, Instruments in Art and Science: On the Architectonics of Cultural Boundaries in the 17th Century. De Gruyter. pp. 38-61.
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  32. Zur wissenschaftskonstitutiven Funktion der Evolutionslehre.Olaf Breidbach - 1983 - Philosophia Naturalis 20 (3):365-381.
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  33. Book Reviews-Origins of Neuroscience. A History of Explorations Into Brain Function.Stanley Finger & Olaf Breidbach - 2002 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 24 (3-4):543-544.
     
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  34. Das Gehirn/Organ der Seele?: Zur Ideengeschichte der Neurobiologie.Ernst Florey, Olaf Breidbach & Tom Dedeurwaerdere - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (3):363.
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  35. Art Forms in Nature the Prints of Ernst Haeckel : One Hundred Color Plates.Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel, Olaf Breidbach & Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt - 1998
     
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  36. Schelling's Und Hegel's Verhältnis Zur Naturwissenschaft Zum Verhältnis der Physikalistischen Naturwissenschaft Zur Spekulativen Naturphilosophie.M. J. Schleiden & Olaf Breidbach - 1988
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  37.  7
    Eine naturwissenschaftliche Forschungsbibliothek des 18. Jahrhunderts: Die Bibliothek der ‚Naturforschenden Gesellschaft’ zu Jena†.Paul Ziche, Gabriele Büch, Karsten Kenklies, Horst Neuper & Olaf Breidbach - 2000 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 23 (4):433-447.
    The ‚Naturforschende Gesellschaft’, founded in 1793, proved instrumental for the development of science at the University of Jena around 1800. Its library can be considered as one of its most important facilities provided for research and for the education of students. Since this library has been preserved almost without losses, we can ask whether this library served the purpose of a research library in the newly established field of ‚science’. In consequence, the role of scientific societies and the genesis of (...)
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