Results for 'Olaf Mueller'

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Olaf L. Müller
Humboldt-University, Berlin
  1.  42
    Prismatic Equivalence – A New Case of Underdetermination: Goethe Vs. Newton on the Prism Experiments.Olaf L. Mueller - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (2):323-347.
    Goethe's objections to Newton's theory of light and colours are better than often acknowledged. You can accept the most important elements of these objections without disagreeing with Newton about light and colours. As I will argue, Goethe exposed a crucial weakness of Newton's methodological self-assessment. Newton believed that with the help of his prism experiments, he could prove that sunlight was composed of variously coloured rays of light. Goethe showed that this step from observation to theory is more problematic than (...)
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  2. Can They Say What They Want? A Transcendental Argument Against Utilitarianism.Olaf L. Mueller - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (2):241-259.
    Let us imagine an ideal ethical agent, i.e., an agent who (i) holds a certain ethical theory, (ii) has all factual knowledge needed for determining which action among those open to her is right and which is wrong, according to her theory, and who (iii) is ideally motivated to really do whatever her ethical theory demands her to do. If we grant that the notions of omniscience and ideal motivation both make sense, we may ask: Could there possibly be an (...)
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  3. Does the Quine/Duhem Thesis Prevent Us From Defining Analyticity?Olaf Mueller - 1998 - Erkenntnis 48 (1):85-104.
    Quine claims that holism (i.e., the Quine-Duhem thesis) prevents us from defining synonymy and analyticity (section 2). In Word and Object, he dismisses a notion of synonymy which works well even if holism is true. The notion goes back to a proposal from Grice and Strawson and runs thus: R and S are synonymous iff for all sentences T we have that the logical conjunction of R and T is stimulus-synonymous to that of S and T. Whereas Grice and Strawson (...)
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  4.  55
    Does the Quine/Duhem Thesis Prevent Us From Defining Analyticity? On Fallacy in Quine.Olaf Mueller - 1998 - Erkenntnis 48 (1):81 - 99.
    Quine claims that holism (i.e., the Quine-Duhem thesis) prevents us from defining synonymy and analyticity (section 2). In "Word and Object," he dismisses a notion of synonymy which works well even if holism is true. The notion goes back to a proposal from Grice and Strawson and runs thus: R and S are synonymous iff for all sentences T we have that the logical conjunction of R and T is stimulus-synonymous to that of S and T. Whereas Grice and Strawson (...)
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  5.  18
    A Communication From Professor Mueller.Gustav E. Mueller - 1951 - Educational Theory 1 (2):139-142.
  6.  32
    A Communication From Professor Mueller.Gustav E. Mueller - 1951 - Educational Theory 1 (2):139-142.
  7. Full-Body Illusions and Minimal Phenomenal Selfhood.Olaf Blanke & Thomas Metzinger - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (1):7-13.
  8. Emotion as Position-Taking.Jean Mueller - 2018 - Philosophia 46 (3):525-540.
    It is a popular thought that emotions play an important epistemic role. Thus, a considerable number of philosophers find it compelling to suppose that emotions apprehend the value of objects and events in our surroundings. I refer to this view as the Epistemic View of emotion. In this paper, my concern is with a rivaling picture of emotion, which has so far received much less attention. On this account, emotions do not constitute a form of epistemic access to specific axiological (...)
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  9. How Do Medical Researchers Make Causal Inferences?Olaf Dammann, Ted Poston & Paul Thagard - 2020 - In Kevin McCain & Kostas Kampourakis (eds.), What is scientific knowledge? An introduction to contemporary epistemology of science. London, UK: Routledge.
    Bradford Hill (1965) highlighted nine aspects of the complex evidential situation a medical researcher faces when determining whether a causal relation exists between a disease and various conditions associated with it. These aspects are widely cited in the literature on epidemiological inference as justifying an inference to a causal claim, but the epistemological basis of the Hill aspects is not understood. We offer an explanatory coherentist interpretation, explicated by Thagard's ECHO model of explanatory coherence. The ECHO model captures the complexity (...)
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  10.  10
    Orienting Task and Study Time in Facial Recognition.John H. Mueller, Michael Carlomusto & Alvin G. Goldstein - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (5):313-316.
  11. Philosophy of Mathematics and Deductive Structure of Euclid 's "Elements".Ian Mueller - 1981 - Dover Publications.
    A survey of Euclid's Elements, this text provides an understanding of the classical Greek conception of mathematics and its similarities to modern views as well as its differences. It focuses on philosophical, foundational, and logical questions — rather than strictly historical and mathematical issues — and features several helpful appendixes.
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  12.  33
    Etiological Explanations.Olaf Dammann - 2020 - Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press.
    Theory of illness causation is an important issue in all biomedical sciences, and solid etiological explanations are needed in order to develop therapeutic approaches in medicine and preventive interventions in public health. Until now, the literature about the theoretical underpinnings of illness causation research has been scarce and fragmented, and lacking a convenient summary. This interdisciplinary book provides a convenient and accessible distillation of the current status of research into this developing field, and adds a personal flavor to the discussion (...)
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  13.  35
    Beyond Writing Culture: Current Intersections of Epistemologies and Representational Practices.Olaf Zenker & Karsten Kumoll (eds.) - 2010 - Berghahn Books.
    Two decades after the publication of Clifford and Marcus' volume Writing Culture, this collection provides a fresh and diverse reassessment of the debates that ...
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  14. Out-of-Body Experience, Heautoscopy, and Autoscopic Hallucination of Neurological Origin. Implications for Neurocognitive Mechanisms of Corporeal Awareness and Self Consciousness.Olaf Blanke & Christine Mohr - 2005 - Brain Research Reviews 50 (1):184-199.
  15.  55
    The Method of Analysis: Its Geometrical Origin and Its General Significance.Ian Mueller - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (6):158-162.
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  16.  32
    Die Stoische Logik.Ian Mueller - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (2):226-229.
  17.  8
    Coregistration of Eye Movements and EEG in Natural Reading: Analyses and Review.Olaf Dimigen, Werner Sommer, Annette Hohlfeld, Arthur M. Jacobs & Reinhold Kliegl - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (4):552-572.
  18.  17
    Philosophy of Biology Beyond Evolution: Philosophie der Biologie. Eine Einführung Ulrich Krohs and Georg Toepfer, Eds Frankfurt Am Main: Suhrkamp, 2005. [REVIEW]Staffan Mueller-Wille - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (1):111-112.
  19.  53
    Knowledge Dethroned.Andy Mueller & Jacob Ross - 2017 - Analytic Philosophy 58 (4):283-296.
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  20. Does Putnam's Argument Beg the Question Against the Skeptic? Bad News for Radical Skepticism.Olaf Müller - 2001 - Erkenntnis 54 (3):299-320.
    Are we perhaps in the "matrix", or anyway, victims of perfect and permanent computer simulation? No. The most convincing—and shortest—version of Putnam's argument against the possibility of our eternal envattment is due to Crispin Wright (1994). It avoids most of the misunderstandings that have been elicited by Putnam's original presentation of the argument in "Reason, Truth and History" (1981). But it is still open to the charge of question-begging. True enough, the premisses of the argument (disquotation and externalism) can be (...)
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  21.  20
    Stretching the Frontiers: Exploring the Relationships Between Entrepreneurship and Ethics.Olaf Fisscher, David Frenkel, Yotam Lurie & Andre Nijhof - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (3):207-209.
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  22.  30
    Learnability of Embedded Syntactic Structures Depends on Prosodic Cues.Jutta L. Mueller, Jörg Bahlmann & Angela D. Friederici - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (2):338-349.
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  23.  30
    Dynamics in Responsible Behaviour in Search of Mechanisms for Coping with Responsibility.Olaf Fisscher, André Nijhof & Herman Steensma - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (2-3):209 - 224.
    In this article the authors focus on the emergence, or disappearance, of notions of responsibility in social dynamic processes. Hence, the starting point in this article is concrete behavior within organisational settings. This article presents a systematic overview of mechanisms related to acting upon a sense of moral responsibility. Some of these mechanisms are based on individual characteristics, others are embedded in the social context wherein responsible behaviour emerges or disappears. In this article, various mechanisms are identified and labelled in (...)
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  24.  16
    Goethe’s Polarity of Light and Darkness.Olaf Müller - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (4):581-598.
    Rarely does research in the history and philosophy of science lead to new empirical results, but that is exactly what has happened in one of the essays of this special issue: Rang and Grebe-Ellis have developed new experimental techniques to perform measurements Goethe proposed 217 years ago. These measurements fit neatly with Goethe’s idea of polarity—his complementary spectrum is not only an optical, but also a thermodynamical counterpart of Newton’s spectrum. I use the new measurements, firstly, to argue against the (...)
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  25.  50
    How Does Epistemic Rationality Constrain Practical Rationality?Andy Mueller - 2017 - Analytic Philosophy 58 (2):139-155.
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  26. Chin Ssu Lu Djin-Si Lu Die Sungkonfuzianische Summa [von] Dschu Hsi, Mit Dem Kommentar des Yä Tsai, Übersetzt Und Erläutert von Olaf Graf.Hsi Chu, Yä Tsai & Olaf Graf - 1953 - Sophia University Press.
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  27.  16
    The Etiological Stance: Explaining Illness Occurrence.Olaf Dammann - 2017 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 60 (2):151-165.
    Models of illness causation play a crucial role in medicine and public health. In their recent paper on this topic, Michael Kelly, Rachel Kelly, and Federica Russo state that the integration of social, biological, and behavioral causes in one and the same etiologic mechanism remains to be clarified. In particular, they think that current models of illness causation do not appreciate "the truly integrated nature of bio-social-behavioral pathogenesis". In brief, Kelly, Kelly, and Russo suggest that two levels of explanation are (...)
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  28.  71
    The Hegel Legend of Thesia-Antithesis-Synthesis.Gustav E. Mueller - 1958 - Journal of the History of Ideas 19 (1/4):411.
  29.  81
    The Hermeneutics Reader: Texts of the German Tradition From the Enlightenment to the Present.Kurt Mueller-Vollmer (ed.) - 1985 - Continuum.
    Essays discuss reason and understanding, interpretation, language, meaning, the human sciences, social sciences, and general hermeneutic theory.
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  30.  21
    How Can We Act Morally in a Merger Process? A Stimulation Based on Implicit Contracts.Olaf Karitzki & Alexander Brink - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 43 (1-2):137 - 152.
    The intention of the article is to offer stakeholders affected by mergers a criterion from which moral arguments may be generated for the organization of each individual case. The criterion: "Any operation causing legitimate interests to suffer vital infringement should be avoided in a merger process." A vital infringement of these interests is assumed when the merger undermines unique positive opportunities or considerable impairment in the future, impossible to overcome for the person affected without an unacceptable level of difficulty. Therefore, (...)
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  31.  14
    Does the Convention on Biodiversity Safeguard Biological Diversity?F. G. Mueller - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (1):55-80.
    This paper attempts to assess and evaluate some of the economic implications of the Convention on Biological Diversity. After outlining the main principles and the scope of this Convention, the following issues are addressed: the determination of the 'optimal' level of biodiversity loss, the meaning of incremental costs, and monetary evaluation problems of ecological resources and the problems it poses for the funding mechanism. The paper concludes with a discussion of the issues of commercialisation and access to genetic resources.
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  32.  9
    Economics, Entropy and the Long Term Future: Conceptual Foundations and the Perspective of the Economics of Survival.C. C. Mueller - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (3):361-384.
    The present paper is a survey of the economics of survival, a branch of ecological economics that stresses the preservation of the opportunities of future generations over an extended time horizon. It outlines the main analytical foundation of the branch - in which the concept of entropy is a major building block -, and its analysis of the interaction between the economic system and the environment. Regarding its outlook of the future, we see that the founders of the branch were (...)
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  33.  54
    On the Classical Content of Many-Body Quantum Mechanics.Olaf Melsheimer - 1979 - Foundations of Physics 9 (3-4):193-215.
    The aim of this paper is to reconcile the two modes of description of macrosystems, i.e., to remove certain inconsistencies between the classical phenomenological and the quantum-theoretical descriptions of a macrosystem. Starting from Ludwig's formulation of a general framework for classical theories and his ansatz for a compatibility condition between the quantum theoretical and the classical mode of description for a macrosystem, we try to make clear what the “classical content” of many-body quantum theory really is. It is shown that (...)
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  34.  10
    A Short Life of Kierkegaard.Gustav Mueller - 1944 - Philosophical Review 53 (1):88-89.
  35. Perinatal Brain Damage Causation.Olaf Dammann - 2007 - Developmental Neuroscience 29:280–8.
    The search for causes of perinatal brain damage needs a solid theoretical foundation. Current theory apparently does not offer a unanimously accepted view of what constitutes a cause, and how it can be identified. We discuss nine potential theoretical misconceptions: (1) too narrow a view of what is a cause (causal production vs. facilitation), (2) extrapolating from possibility to fact (potential vs. factual causation), (3) if X, then invariably Y (determinism vs. probabilism), (4) co-occurrence in individuals vs. association in populations, (...)
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  36.  37
    The Completeness of Stoic Propositional Logic.Ian Mueller - 1979 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (1):201-215.
  37.  19
    Induction and Evolution of Cognition and Science.Olaf Diettrich - 1991 - Philosophica 47.
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  38.  16
    A Physical Approach to the Construction of Cognition and to Cognitive Evolution.Olaf Diettrich - 2001 - Foundations of Science 6 (4):273-341.
    It is shown that the method of operationaldefinition of theoretical terms applied inphysics may well support constructivist ideasin cognitive sciences when extended toobservational terms. This leads to unexpectedresults for the notion of reality, inductionand for the problem why mathematics is sosuccessful in physics.A theory of cognitive operators is proposedwhich are implemented somewhere in our brainand which transform certain states of oursensory apparatus into what we call perceptionsin the same sense as measurement devicestransform the interaction with the object intomeasurement results. Then, (...)
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  39.  86
    On the Reconstruction of the Macroobservable.Olaf Melsheimer - 1980 - Foundations of Physics 10 (5-6):375-401.
    The physical implications of the embedding method recently proposed as the basic concept for a formulation of the general relationship between classical and quantum mechanical modes of description of macroscopic systems are further examined. A conceptual analysis of the idea of a macroobservable is given. A very general assumption on the macroobservables, called the thermodynamic uncertainty principle, leads then to a proposal for a formal reconstruction prescription for the macroobservables. The implications of this reconstruction method for the formal structure of (...)
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  40.  38
    Developmental Process Emerges From Extended Brain–Body–Behavior Networks.Lisa Byrge, Olaf Sporns & Linda B. Smith - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (8):395-403.
  41. Risk, Predictability and Biomedical Neo-Pragmatism.Olaf Dammann - 2009 - Acta Paediatrica 98:1093–5.
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  42.  30
    Network Analysis, Complexity, and Brain Function.Olaf Sporns - 2002 - Complexity 8 (1):56-60.
  43. Diagrams as Locality Aids for Explanation and Model Construction in Cell Biology.Nicholaos Jones & Olaf Wolkenhauer - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):705-721.
    Using as case studies two early diagrams that represent mechanisms of the cell division cycle, we aim to extend prior philosophical analyses of the roles of diagrams in scientific reasoning, and specifically their role in biological reasoning. The diagrams we discuss are, in practice, integral and indispensible elements of reasoning from experimental data about the cell division cycle to mathematical models of the cycle’s molecular mechanisms. In accordance with prior analyses, the diagrams provide functional explanations of the cell cycle and (...)
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  44.  9
    The Anatomy of Neoplatonism.Ian Mueller - 1991 - Philosophical Quarterly 41 (165):510-512.
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  45. Platonism and the Study of Nature.Ian Mueller - 1998 - In Jyl Gentzler (ed.), Method in Ancient Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 67--90.
     
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  46.  85
    Classes of Network Connectivity and Dynamics.Olaf Sporns & Giulio Tononi - 2001 - Complexity 7 (1):28-38.
    Many kinds of complex systems exhibit characteristic patterns of temporal correlations that emerge as the result of functional interactions within a structured network. One such complex system is the brain, composed of numerous neuronal units linked by synaptic connections. The activity of these neuronal units gives rise to dynamic states that are characterized by specific patterns of neuronal activation and co-activation. These patterns, called functional connectivity, are possible neural correlates of perceptual and cognitive processes. Which functional connectivity patterns arise depends (...)
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  47.  37
    The Integrated Structure of Consciousness: Phenomenal Content, Subjective Attitude, and Noetic Complex.Katsunori Miyahara & Olaf Witkowski - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (4):731-758.
    We explore the integrated structure of consciousness by examining the “phenomenological axioms” of the “integrated information theory of consciousness ” from the perspective of Husserlian phenomenology. After clarifying the notion of phenomenological axioms by drawing on resources from Edmund Husserl and Maurice Merleau-Ponty, we develop a critique of the integration axiom by drawing on phenomenological analyses developed by Aron Gurwitsch and Merleau-Ponty. This axiom is ambiguous. It can be read either atomistically as claiming that the phenomenal content of conscious experience (...)
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  48.  21
    Causality, Mosaics, and the Health Sciences.Olaf Dammann - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (2):161-168.
    Thinking about illness causation has a long and rich history in medicine. After a hiatus in the 1990s, the last one-and-a-half decades have seen a surge of publications on causality in the biomedical sciences. Interestingly, this surge is visible not only in the medical, epidemiological, bioinformatics, and public health literatures, but also among philosophical publications. In this essay, I review and discuss one most recent addition to the literature, "Causality: Philosophical Theory Meets Scientific Practice" written by philosophers Phyllis Illari and (...)
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  49.  17
    On the Correspondence Between Arithmetic Theories and Propositional Proof Systems - a Survey.Olaf Beyersdorff - 2009 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 55 (2):116-137.
    The purpose of this paper is to survey the correspondence between bounded arithmetic and propositional proof systems. In addition, it also contains some new results which have appeared as an extended abstract in the proceedings of the conference TAMC 2008 [11].Bounded arithmetic is closely related to propositional proof systems; this relation has found many fruitful applications. The aim of this paper is to explain and develop the general correspondence between propositional proof systems and arithmetic theories, as introduced by Krajíček and (...)
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  50.  22
    Evolutionary Economics, Responsible Innovation and Demand: Making a Case for the Role of Consumers.Michael P. Schlaile, Matthias Mueller, Michael Schramm & Andreas Pyka - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (1):7-39.
    This paper contributes to the conceptualisation of responsible innovation by proposing an evolutionary economic approach that focuses on the role of consumers in the innovation process. After a discussion of the philosophical foundations and ethical implications of this approach, which bears an explanatory potential that has not been adequately considered in previous discussions of responsible innovation, we present a first step towards capturing the important but often neglected role of consumers in innovation processes : We propose an agent-based model that (...)
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