Results for 'Olav Valen-Sendstad'

157 found
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  1.  3
    Review: Olav Valen-Sendstad, Der Wahrheitsbegriff in der Zweiwertigen Logik. [REVIEW]Augustus F. Bausch - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (2):148-149.
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  2.  2
    Valen-Sendstad Olav. Der Wahrheilsbegriff in der zweiwertigen Logik. Theoria, vol. 15 , pp. 367–383.Augustus F. Bausch - 1952 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 17 (2):148-149.
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  3.  27
    Der Wahrheitsbegriff in der zweiwertigen Logik.Olav Valen-Sendstad - 1949 - Theoria 15 (1-3):367-383.
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  4.  25
    Species, Sets, and the Derivative Nature of Philosophy.Leigh M. Valen - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (1):49-66.
    Concepts and methods originating in one discipline can distort the structure of another when they are applied to the latter. I exemplify this mostly with reference to systematic biology, especially problems which have arisen in relation to the nature of species. Thus the received views of classes, individuals (which term I suggest be replaced by units to avoid misunderstandings), and sets are all inapplicable, but each can be suitably modified. The concept of fuzzy set was developed to deal with species (...)
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  5.  12
    Identifying Coding RNAs and Small Peptides: Challenges and Opportunities.Andrea Pauli, Eivind Valen & Alexander F. Schier - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (1):103-112.
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  6.  3
    Archives for Statistical Studies of Within-Nation Differences.Stein Rokkan & Henry Valen - 1965 - Social Sciences Information 4 (3):104-109.
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  7.  14
    On Interdisciplinary and Such.Leigh M. Valen - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):255-257.
  8.  3
    Archives for Statistical Studies of Within-Nation Differences.Stein Rokkan & Henry Valen - 1965 - Social Sciences Information 4 (3):104-109.
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  9.  6
    Book Review: The Epistle to Rheginos, A Valen-Tinian Letter on the Resurrection. [REVIEW]John D. Turner - 1972 - Interpretation 26 (2):240-241.
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  10.  54
    Reply to Olav Gjelsvik.John Mcdowell - 2004 - Theoria 70 (2-3):192-196.
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  11.  9
    ISBN: 0802839037. Henriksen, Jan-Olav. The Reconstruction of Religion: Lessing, Kierkegaard,. And Nietzsche. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2001. Pp. 208. Paper $22.00, ISBN: 080284927X. [REVIEW]Robert A. Herrera, Sharon M. Kaye, Robert M. Martin, C. A. Belmont, Martin Beck Matustik & Bernard McGinn - 2001 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 75 (4).
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  12.  10
    Review: Olav K. Wiegand, Interpretationen der Modallogik. Ein Beitrag zur phanomenologischen Wissenschaftstheorie. [REVIEW]Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1849-1853.
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  13.  5
    Wiegand Olav K.. Interpretationen der Modallogik. Ein Beitrag zur phänomenologischen Wissenschaftstheorie. Phaenomenologica, no. 145. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1998, x + 217 pp. [REVIEW]Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1849-1853.
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  14.  16
    Jan-Olav Henriksen the Reconstruction of Religion: Lessing, Kierkegaard, and Neitzsche. (Grand Rapids MI: Eerdmans, 2001). Pp. X+208. $22·00, £15·99 (Pbk). ISBN 0 8028 4927. [REVIEW][M. W. F. S.] - 2002 - Religious Studies 38 (2):247-248.
  15.  13
    Desire, Gift, and Recognition: Christology and Postmodern Philosophy. By Jan-Olav Henriksen.Robert G. Rexroat - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (1):171-171.
  16.  5
    Desire, Gift, and Recognition: Christology and Postmodern Philosophy – By Jan‐Olav Henriksen.Paul Dafydd Jones - 2010 - Modern Theology 26 (4):677-679.
  17.  2
    Nicholas Culpeper: English Physician and Astrologer. Olav Thulesius.Adam Jared Apt - 1994 - Isis 85 (1):156-157.
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  18. Edison in Florida: The Green Laboratory. Olav Thulesius.Steven Allison-Bunnell - 1998 - Isis 89 (4):764-765.
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  19.  22
    Transformative Teaching: Restoring the Teacher, Under Erasure.Jenny Steinnes - 2009 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 41 (2):114-125.
    In the large and complex landscape of pedagogy, the focus seems to have turned away from the concept of teaching and towards a stronger emphasis on learning, probably supported by neo-liberal ideology. The teacher is presented more as part of the force of production than as an autonomous performer of a mandate given to him/her by society. He/she is supposed to supply knowledge that is considered useful to a society geared to production and consumption. During the past few decades, enlightenment (...)
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  20. The Reconstruction of Religion. Lessing, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche.Jan-Olav Henriksen - 2002 - Ars Disputandi 2.
  21. Darwin and Moral Realism: Survival of the Iffiest.Knut Olav Skarsaune - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (2):229-243.
    This paper defends moral realism against Sharon Street’s “Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value” (this journal, 2006). I argue by separation of cases: From the assumption that a certain normative claim is true, I argue that the first horn of the dilemma is tenable for realists. Then, from the assumption that the same normative claim is false, I argue that the second horn is tenable. Either way, then, the Darwinian dilemma does not add anything to realists’ epistemic worries.
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  22. Addiction: Choice or Compulsion?Edmund Henden, Hans Olav Melberg & Ole Rogeberg - 2013 - Frontiers in Addictive Disorders and Behavioral Dyscontrol 4 (77):11.
    Normative thinking about addiction has traditionally been divided between, on the one hand, a medical model which sees addiction as a disease characterized by compulsive and relapsing drug use over which the addict has little or no control and, on the other, a moral model which sees addiction as a choice characterized by voluntary behaviour under the control of the addict. Proponents of the former appeal to evidence showing that regular consumption of drugs causes persistent changes in the brain structures (...)
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  23. Moral Deference and Authentic Interaction.Knut Olav Skarsaune - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy 113 (7):346-357.
    The article defends a mild form of pessimism about moral deference, by arguing that deference is incompatible with authentic interaction, that is, acting in a way that communicates our own normative judgment. The point of such interaction is ultimately that it allows us to get to know and engage one another. This vindication of our intuitive resistance to moral deference is upheld, in a certain range of cases, against David Enoch’s recent objection to views that motivate pessimism by appealing to (...)
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  24.  21
    Ecological Species, Multispecies, and Oaks.Leigh Van Valen - 1976 - Taxon 25 (2/3):233-239.
    Oaks exemplify problems with the reproductive species concept which motivate a reconsideration of the use and nature of species. Ecology is important in the reconsideration. The species level is usually overemphasized in evolutionary thought; selection acts on phenotypes and any mutualistic units. Standard definitions tend to inhibit free conceptual progress. Multispecies, sets of broadly sympatric species that exchange genes, may occur among animals as well as plants and may conceivably bridge kingdoms. This phenomenon can be adaptively important. There may be (...)
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  25.  8
    Justifying the Norms of Inductive Inference.Olav Benjamin Vassend - unknown
    Bayesian inference is limited in scope because it cannot be applied in idealized contexts where none of the hypotheses under consideration is true and because it is committed to always using the likelihood as a measure of evidential favoring, even when that is inappropriate. The purpose of this paper is to study inductive inference in a very general setting where finding the truth is not necessarily the goal and where the measure of evidential favoring is not necessarily the likelihood. I (...)
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  26. How To Be a Moral Platonist.Knut Olav Skarsaune - 2015 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics (10).
    Contrary to popular opinion, non-natural realism can explain both why normative properties supervene on descriptive properties, and why this pattern is analytic. The explanation proceeds by positing a subtle polysemy in normative predicates like “good”. Such predicates express slightly different senses when they are applied to particulars (like Florence Nightingale) and to kinds (like altruism). The former sense, “goodPAR”, can be defined in terms of the latter, “goodKIN”, as follows: x is goodPAR iff there is a kind K such that (...)
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  27. Radikal Tolkning. En Refleksjon Over Davidson Og En Skisse Av Et Alternativ.Olav Gjelsvik - forthcoming - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift.
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  28.  14
    The Experience of God and the World: Christianity's Reasons for Considering Panentheism a Viable Option.Jan-Olav Henriksen - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):1080-1097.
    What reasons and resources can Christian theology find for developing a panentheist position that is also able to engage with contemporary science? By taking its point of departure in basic human experiences, Christian theology can, even in a Trinitarian fashion, be developed as a way to understand God's presence in the world as a presence where the actual occurrences point towards God's own work. This point is especially related to the experience of love. Furthermore, God's presence can be understood as (...)
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  29.  6
    Confirmation and the Ordinal Equivalence Thesis.Olav B. Vassend - 2019 - Synthese 196 (3):1079-1095.
    According to a widespread but implicit thesis in Bayesian confirmation theory, two confirmation measures are considered equivalent if they are ordinally equivalent—call this the “ordinal equivalence thesis”. I argue that adopting OET has significant costs. First, adopting OET renders one incapable of determining whether a piece of evidence substantially favors one hypothesis over another. Second, OET must be rejected if merely ordinal conclusions are to be drawn from the expected value of a confirmation measure. Furthermore, several arguments and applications of (...)
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  30. Ideal Counterpart Theorizing and the Accuracy Argument for Probabilism.Clinton Castro & Olav Vassend - 2018 - Analysis 78 (2):207-216.
    One of the main goals of Bayesian epistemology is to justify the rational norms credence functions ought to obey. Accuracy arguments attempt to justify these norms from the assumption that the source of value for credences relevant to their epistemic status is their accuracy. This assumption and some standard decision-theoretic principles are used to argue for norms like Probabilism, the thesis that an agent’s credence function is rational only if it obeys the probability axioms. We introduce an example that shows (...)
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  31. David Enoch, Taking Morality Seriously: A Defense of Robust Realism , Pp. Xi + 295. [REVIEW]Knut Olav Skarsaune - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (4):487-490.
  32.  12
    Individualistic Classes.Leigh Van Valen - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (4):539-541.
  33.  18
    The Philosophical Significance of Stein’s Paradox.Olav Vassend, Elliott Sober & Branden Fitelson - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (3):411-433.
    Charles Stein discovered a paradox in 1955 that many statisticians think is of fundamental importance. Here we explore its philosophical implications. We outline the nature of Stein’s result and of subsequent work on shrinkage estimators; then we describe how these results are related to Bayesianism and to model selection criteria like AIC. We also discuss their bearing on scientific realism and instrumentalism. We argue that results concerning shrinkage estimators underwrite a surprising form of holistic pragmatism.
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  34.  13
    Addition of Ezetimibe to Statins for Patients at High Cardiovascular Risk: Systematic Review of Patient‐Important Outcomes.Yutong Fei, Gordon Henry Guyatt, Paul Elias Alexander, Regina El Dib, Reed A. C. Siemieniuk, Per Olav Vandvik, Mark E. Nunnally, Huda Gomaa, Rebecca L. Morgan, Arnav Agarwal, Ying Zhang, Neera Bhatnagar & Frederick A. Spencer - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):222-231.
  35.  48
    Symbolic Meanings of Prices: Constructing the Value of Contemporary Art in Amsterdam and New York Galleries. [REVIEW]Olav Velthuis - 2003 - Theory and Society 32 (2):181-215.
    This article develops a sociological analysis of the price mechanism on the market for contemporary art. On the basis of in-depth interviews with art dealers in New York and Amsterdam, I address two pricing norms: one norm inhibits art dealers from decreasing prices; the other induces them to set prices according to size. To account for these pricing norms, I argue that price setting is not just an economic but also a signifying act: despite their impersonal, businesslike connotations, actors on (...)
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  36.  25
    Confirmation Measures and Sensitivity.Olav B. Vassend - unknown
    Stevens draws a useful distinction between ordinal scales, interval scales, and ratio scales. Most recent discussions of confirmation measures have proceeded on the ordinal level of analysis. In this paper, I give a more quantitative analysis. In particular, I show that the requirement that our desired confirmation measure be at least an \emph{interval} measure naturally yields necessary conditions that jointly entail the log-likelihood measure. Thus I conclude that the log-likelihood measure is the only good candidate interval measure.
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  37.  46
    How Ubiquitous is Adaptation? A Critique of the Epiphenomenist Program.Leigh Van Valen - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (2):267-280.
    It is important to distinguish adaptation per se (adaptedness, or being adapted) from the more specific concept of adaptation for some function. Commonly used criteria for adaptation in either sense have limited applicability. There are, however, a number of widely applicable criteria for adaptation per se, such as several kinds of cost, low variation, the maintenance of integration, and the fitness distribution of mutations. Application of these criteria leads to the conclusion that adaptation is overwhelmingly prevalent for features of organisms. (...)
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  38.  20
    What is Wrong with the Brains of Addicts?".Edmund Henden & Olav Gjelsvik - 2016 - Neuroethics (1):1-8.
    In his target article and recent interesting book about addiction and the brain, Marc Lewis claims that the prevalent medical view of addiction as a brain disease or a disorder, is mistaken. In this commentary we critically examine his arguments for this claim. We find these arguments to rest on some problematical and largely undefended assumptions about notions of disease, disorder and the demarcation between them and good health. Even if addiction does seem to differ from some typical brain diseases, (...)
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  39.  10
    New Semantics for Bayesian Inference: The Interpretive Problem and Its Solutions.Olav Benjamin Vassend - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    Scientists and Bayesian statisticians often study hypotheses that they know to be false. This creates an interpretive problem because the Bayesian probability assigned to a hypothesis is typically interpreted as the probability that the hypothesis is true. I argue that solving the interpretive problem requires coming up with a new semantics for Bayesian inference. I present and contrast two solutions to the interpretive problem, both of which involve giving a new interpretation of probability. I argue that both of these new (...)
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  40. On Evolutionary Theories.Leigh van Valen - 1963 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 14 (54):146-152.
  41.  30
    The Ways of Aristotle: Aristotelian Phrónêsis, Aristotelian Philosophy of Dialogue, and Action Research.Olav Eikeland - 2008 - Bern: Peter Lang.
    This book is a meticulous study of Aristotle's phronesis and its applications to the fields of personal development or character formation and of ethical ...
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  42.  16
    Manuel Alonso, Cristina Ambrosini & Gastón Beraldi. Bestiario epistemológico. Metáforas zoomórficas y de otras entidades en la enseñanza de las ciencias y la epistemología. FILO: UBA. 2017. [REVIEW]Angélica María Rodríguez Ortiz - 2018 - Escritos 26 (56):193-200.
    Los caminos espinosos en la construcción del conocimiento son un cometido al que solo el animal humano se ha enfrentado. El uso de un lenguaje proposicional le ha permitido iniciar construcciones racionales, que dan origen a las teorías más complejas en pos de comprender los enigmas del universo, y con ello iniciar la separación tajante entre episteme y doxa. Los discursos más enmarañados, rígidos y rigurosos convocan a científicos y epistemólogos. Enunciados con términos que, en ocasiones, se tornan oscuros y (...)
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  43.  8
    Three Perspectives on Resurrection: Revelation, Experience, Recognition.Jan-Olav Henriksen - 2018 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 60 (3):321-341.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie Jahrgang: 60 Heft: 3 Seiten: 321-341.
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  44.  49
    Indexicals: What They Are Essential For.Olav Gjelsvik - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (3):295-314.
    Cappelen and Dever have recently defended the view that indexicals are not essential: They do not signify anything philosophically deep and we do not need indexicals for any important philosophical work. This paper contests their view from the point of view of an account of intentional agency. It argues that we need indexicals essentially when accounting for what it is do something intentionally and, as a consequence, intentional action, and defends a view of intentional action as a possible conclusion of (...)
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  45.  2
    Species, Sets, and the Derivative Nautre of Philosophy.Leigh M. Van Valen - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (1):49.
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  46.  8
    Nonstandard Bayesianism: How Verisimilitude and Counterfactual Degrees of Belief Solve the Interpretive Problem in Bayesian Inference.Olav B. Vassend - unknown
    Scientists and Bayesian statisticians often study hypotheses that they know to be false. This creates an interpretive problem because the Bayesian probability of a hypothesis is typically interpreted as a degree of belief that the hypothesis is true. In this paper, I present and contrast two solutions to the interpretive problem, both of which involve reinterpreting the Bayesian framework in such a way that pragmatic factors directly determine in part how probability assignments are interpreted and whether a given probability assignment (...)
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  47.  7
    Goals and the Informativeness of Prior Probabilities.Olav Vassend - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (4):647-670.
    I argue that information is a goal-relative concept for Bayesians. More precisely, I argue that how much information is provided by a piece of evidence depends on whether the goal is to learn the truth or to rank actions by their expected utility, and that different confirmation measures should therefore be used in different contexts. I then show how information measures may reasonably be derived from confirmation measures, and I show how to derive goal-relative non-informative and informative priors given background (...)
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  48.  9
    Surrogate Resources, Cumulative Selection, and Fertility.Leigh M. Van Valen & Virginia C. Maiorana - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):209.
  49.  24
    Is It Time for an Updated 'Eco-Evo-Devo'definition of Evolution by Natural Selection?Marion Blute - 2008 - Spontaneous Generations 2 (1):1.
    Abstract A lot of science has passed under the bridge since the classic definition of evolution as a change in gene frequencies in a population became common. Much knowledge has accumulated since then about evolution, heredity, ecology, development, phenotypic plasticity, niche construction and genetic drift. Building on Van Valen’s description of evolution as “the control of development by ecology,” it is suggested that the classic definition be replaced by a updated ‘eco‐evo-evo’ definition of evolution by natural selection which acknowledges this (...)
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  50.  6
    A Verisimilitude Framework for Inductive Inference, with an Application to Phylogenetics.Olav B. Vassend - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
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