Results for 'Olave E. Krigolson'

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  1.  8
    Using Brain Potentials to Understand Prism Adaptation: The Error-Related Negativity and the P300.Stephane J. MacLean, Cameron D. Hassall, Yoko Ishigami, Olav E. Krigolson & Gail A. Eskes - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  2.  4
    Visual Feedback Modulates Aftereffects and Electrophysiological Markers of Prism Adaptation.Jasmine R. Aziz, Stephane J. MacLean, Olave E. Krigolson & Gail A. Eskes - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  3.  6
    A Reinforcement-Based Learning Paradigm Increases Anatomical Learning and Retention—A Neuroeducation Study.Sarah J. Anderson, Kent G. Hecker, Olave E. Krigolson & Heather A. Jamniczky - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  4.  6
    Passively Learned Spatial Navigation Cues Evoke Reinforcement Learning Reward Signals.Thomas D. Ferguson, Chad C. Williams, Ronald W. Skelton & Olave E. Krigolson - 2019 - Cognition 189:65-75.
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  5.  28
    Wiegand Olav K.. Interpretationen der Modallogik. Ein Beitrag zur phänomenologischen Wissenschaftstheorie. Phaenomenologica, no. 145. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1998, x + 217 pp. [REVIEW]Guillermo E. Rosado Haddock - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1849-1853.
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  6.  11
    Geophysical Basin Modeling: Effective Stress, Temperature, and Pore Pressure Uncertainty.Giuseppe De Prisco, David Thanoon, Ran Bachrach, Ivar Brevik, Stephen A. Clark, Maarten P. Corver, Randolph E. F. Pepper, Thomas Hantschel, Hans Kristian Helgesen, Konstantin Osypov & Olav K. Leirfall - 2015 - Interpretation: SEG 3 (3):SZ27-SZ39.
    Seismic interpretation is a complex process, in which many data types are considered and integrated to create a structural and/or stratigraphic model. In many cases, interpreters rely only on a seismic image or its attributes obtained after data processing and migration. Traditionally, interpretation was started after seismic imaging with little feedback to the seismic imaging process. However, modern depth imaging and tomography require integrating geologic concepts and constraints into the imaging process. Interaction between an interpreter, earth-model builder, and depth imager (...)
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  7.  3
    E‐Business Financing: Preliminary Insights From a Developing Economy Context.Robert Hinson, Richard Boateng & Olav Jull Sorensen - 2008 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 6 (3):196-215.
    PurposeThe deployment and strategic use of e‐business, from basic e‐mail utilization to total enterprise integration, involves the commitment of financial and technical resources. The resources have to be financed. The purpose of this paper is to ascertain the views of trade promotion organizations, donors, export associations and banks on e‐business financing in Ghana's non‐traditional export sector, with the view to making policy contributions to the e‐business financing phenomenon in a developing economy context.Design/methodology/approachThe research design is qualitative since this is an (...)
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  8.  29
    Addition of Ezetimibe to Statins for Patients at High Cardiovascular Risk: Systematic Review of Patient‐Important Outcomes.Yutong Fei, Gordon Henry Guyatt, Paul Elias Alexander, Regina El Dib, Reed A. C. Siemieniuk, Per Olav Vandvik, Mark E. Nunnally, Huda Gomaa, Rebecca L. Morgan, Arnav Agarwal, Ying Zhang, Neera Bhatnagar & Frederick A. Spencer - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (1):222-231.
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  9.  5
    Origen y función de la argumentación: Pasos hacia una explicación evolutiva y cognitiva, de Cristián Santibáñez (2018). Palestra, 370 p. [REVIEW]Giohanny Olave - 2020 - Co-herencia 17 (32):289-292.
    Dentro de la abundante bibliografía disponible en el campo de los estudios argumentativos, el libro del sociólogo y lingüista Cristián Santibáñez ofrece una perspectiva poco transitada en los estudios en español sobre el tema. Por medio de un enfoque evolutivo-cognitivo, Santibáñez responde en extenso a una pregunta esencial: “¿Por qué argumentamos?”. Pese a que el autor augura que responder este interrogante puede llegar a impacientar a los teóricos clásicos de la argumentación, la contribución que realiza en esa área es invaluable, (...)
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  10.  10
    Boekbesprekingen.P. C. Beentjes, Theo de Kruijf, P. W. van der Horst, Paul van Geest, M. E. Brinkman, Marcel Poorthuis, A. H. C. van Eijk, J. -J. Suurmond, Olav Boelens, Walter Van Herck, Rico Sneller & M. van den Berk - 2001 - Bijdragen 62 (4):469-488.
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  11.  7
    Outcomes of a Proximal Workplace Intervention Against Workplace Bullying and Harassment: A Protocol for a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Among Norwegian Industrial Workers.Kari Einarsen, Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jørn Hetland, Olav Kjellevold Olsen, Lena Zahlquist, Eva Gemzøe Mikkelsen, Justine Koløen & Ståle Valvatne Einarsen - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  12.  29
    The Experience of God and the World: Christianity's Reasons for Considering Panentheism a Viable Option.Jan-Olav Henriksen - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):1080-1097.
    What reasons and resources can Christian theology find for developing a panentheist position that is also able to engage with contemporary science? By taking its point of departure in basic human experiences, Christian theology can, even in a Trinitarian fashion, be developed as a way to understand God's presence in the world as a presence where the actual occurrences point towards God's own work. This point is especially related to the experience of love. Furthermore, God's presence can be understood as (...)
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  13.  40
    Real Selves: Persons as a Substantial Kind: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:87-107.
    Are persons substances or modes? Two currently dominant views may be characterized as giving the following rival answers to this question. According to the first view, persons are just biological substances. According to the second, persons are psychological modes of substances which, as far as human beings are concerned, happen to be biological substances, but which could in principle be non-biological. There is, however, also a third possible answer, and this is that persons are psychological substances. Such a view is (...)
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  14. E-Cigarettes and the Multiple Responsibilities of the FDA.Larisa Svirsky, Dana Howard & Micah L. Berman - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (10):5-14.
    This paper considers the responsibilities of the FDA with regard to disseminating information about the benefits and harms of e-cigarettes. Tobacco harm reduction advocates claim that the FDA has been overcautious and has violated ethical obligations by failing to clearly communicate to the public that e-cigarettes are far less harmful than cigarettes. We argue, by contrast, that the FDA’s obligations in this arena are more complex than they may appear at first blush. Though the FDA is accountable for informing the (...)
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  15.  42
    The Ways of Aristotle: Aristotelian Phrónêsis, Aristotelian Philosophy of Dialogue, and Action Research.Olav Eikeland - 2008 - Bern: Peter Lang.
    This book is a meticulous study of Aristotle's phronesis and its applications to the fields of personal development or character formation and of ethical ...
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  16.  48
    Facts, Freedom and Foreknowledge: E. M. Zemach and D. Widerker.E. M. Zemach - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):19-28.
    Is God's foreknowledge compatible with human freedom? One of the most attractive attempts to reconcile the two is the Ockhamistic view, which subscribes not only to human freedom and divine omniscience, but retains our most fundamental intuitions concerning God and time: that the past is immutable, that God exists and acts in time, and that there is no backward causation. In order to achieve all that, Ockhamists distinguish ‘hard facts’ about the past which cannot possibly be altered from ‘soft facts’ (...)
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  17.  39
    Why Change Your Beliefs Rather Than Your Desires? Two Puzzles.Olav Benjamin Vassend - 2021 - Analysis 81 (2):275-281.
    In standard decision theory, the probability function ought to be updated in light of evidence, but the utility function generally stays fixed. However, there is nothing in the formal theory that prevents one from instead updating the utility function, while keeping the probability function fixed. Moreover, there are good arguments for updating the utilities and not just the probabilities. Hence, the first puzzle is whether there is anything that justifies updating beliefs, but not desires, in light of evidence. The paper (...)
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  18.  37
    New Semantics for Bayesian Inference: The Interpretive Problem and Its Solutions.Olav Benjamin Vassend - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (4):696-718.
    Scientists often study hypotheses that they know to be false. This creates an interpretive problem for Bayesians because the probability assigned to a hypothesis is typically interpreted as the probability that the hypothesis is true. I argue that solving the interpretive problem requires coming up with a new semantics for Bayesian inference. I present and contrast two new semantic frameworks, and I argue that both of them support the claim that there is pervasive pragmatic encroachment on whether a given Bayesian (...)
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  19. Darwin and Moral Realism: Survival of the Iffiest.Knut Olav Skarsaune - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 152 (2):229-243.
    This paper defends moral realism against Sharon Street’s “Darwinian Dilemma for Realist Theories of Value” (this journal, 2006). I argue by separation of cases: From the assumption that a certain normative claim is true, I argue that the first horn of the dilemma is tenable for realists. Then, from the assumption that the same normative claim is false, I argue that the second horn is tenable. Either way, then, the Darwinian dilemma does not add anything to realists’ epistemic worries.
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  20.  12
    A Values Base for the Norwegian Kindergarten: Common Ground Across Cultural Affiliations?Olav Hovdelien - 2013 - Journal of Moral Education 42 (1):102-113.
    One of the major challenges facing modern-day secular states is the issue of social integration. The issue discussed in this article is how it is possible to arrive at unifying values in a multicultural society that is characterised by secularisation and disintegration of the Christian hegemony of former times on the one hand and by the emergence of cultural and religious diversity on the other. The analysis is centred around Norwegian kindergarten, which represent a key institution for communicating values and (...)
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  21. A Survey of Logical Realism.Tuomas E. Tahko - 2021 - Synthese 198 (5):4775-4790.
    Logical realism is a view about the metaphysical status of logic. Common to most if not all the views captured by the label ‘logical realism’ is that logical facts are mind- and language-independent. But that does not tell us anything about the nature of logical facts or about our epistemic access to them. The goal of this paper is to outline and systematize the different ways that logical realism could be entertained and to examine some of the challenges that these (...)
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  22. Self-Reflection and Life-Narratives in Robert Musil’s The Man Without Qualities.Olav Krämer - 2011 - Iris 3 (6):109-125.
    The role of narrativity in the constitution of personal identity, a widely discussed topic in recent philosophy, is also an important issue in Robert Musil’s novel “The Man without Qualities.” Apart from a theoretical passage, where the coherence established by life-narratives is explicitly rejected as an illusion, the novel displays various instances of reflection in which characters seek to articulate their identity by narrating parts of their lives. Not all of these self-narratives are presented as flawed; rather, by highlighting the (...)
     
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  23.  30
    Claiming Knowledge: Strategies of Epistemology From Theosophy to the New Age.Olav Hammer - 2001 - Brill.
    This volume deals with the transformation of unchurched religious creativity in the late modern West.
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  24.  10
    E-Commerce and Consumer Protection in India: The Emerging Trend.Neelam Chawla & Basanta Kumar - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 180 (2):581-604.
    Given the rapid growth and emerging trend of e-commerce have changed consumer preferences to buy online, this study analyzes the current Indian legal framework that protects online consumers’ interests. A thorough analysis of the two newly enacted laws, i.e., the Consumer Protection Act, 2019 and Consumer Protection Rules, 2020 and literature review support analysis of 290 online consumers answering the research questions and achieving research objectives. The significant findings are that a secure and reliable system is essential for e-business firms (...)
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  25.  15
    Confirmation and the Ordinal Equivalence Thesis.Olav Vassend - 2019 - Synthese 196 (3):1079-1095.
    According to a widespread but implicit thesis in Bayesian confirmation theory, two confirmation measures are considered equivalent if they are ordinally equivalent—call this the “ordinal equivalence thesis”. I argue that adopting OET has significant costs. First, adopting OET renders one incapable of determining whether a piece of evidence substantially favors one hypothesis over another. Second, OET must be rejected if merely ordinal conclusions are to be drawn from the expected value of a confirmation measure. Furthermore, several arguments and applications of (...)
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  26.  3
    RJan-Olav Henriksen, "Religious Pluralism and Pragmatist Theology: Openness and Resistance.".Mark Porrovecchio - 2021 - Philosophy in Review 41 (1):19-21.
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  27.  70
    Indexicals: What They Are Essential For.Olav Gjelsvik - 2017 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 60 (3):295-314.
    Cappelen and Dever have recently defended the view that indexicals are not essential: They do not signify anything philosophically deep and we do not need indexicals for any important philosophical work. This paper contests their view from the point of view of an account of intentional agency. It argues that we need indexicals essentially when accounting for what it is do something intentionally and, as a consequence, intentional action, and defends a view of intentional action as a possible conclusion of (...)
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  28.  18
    A Verisimilitude Framework for Inductive Inference, with an Application to Phylogenetics.Olav B. Vassend - 2020 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 71 (4):1359-1383.
    Bayesianism and likelihoodism are two of the most important frameworks philosophers of science use to analyse scientific methodology. However, both frameworks face a serious objection: much scientific inquiry takes place in highly idealized frameworks where all the hypotheses are known to be false. Yet, both Bayesianism and likelihoodism seem to be based on the assumption that the goal of scientific inquiry is always truth rather than closeness to the truth. Here, I argue in favour of a verisimilitude framework for inductive (...)
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  29.  98
    Review: The Work of E. T. Jaynes on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. [REVIEW]E. T. Jaynes, D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193 - 210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution.
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  30.  98
    Symbolic Meanings of Prices: Constructing the Value of Contemporary Art in Amsterdam and New York Galleries. [REVIEW]Olav Velthuis - 2003 - Theory and Society 32 (2):181-215.
    This article develops a sociological analysis of the price mechanism on the market for contemporary art. On the basis of in-depth interviews with art dealers in New York and Amsterdam, I address two pricing norms: one norm inhibits art dealers from decreasing prices; the other induces them to set prices according to size. To account for these pricing norms, I argue that price setting is not just an economic but also a signifying act: despite their impersonal, businesslike connotations, actors on (...)
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  31. The Problem of the Empirical Basis: E. G. Zahars.E. G. Zahar - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 39:45-74.
    In this paper I shall venture into an area with which I am not very familiar and in which I feel far from confident; namely into phenomenology. My main motive is not to get away from standard, boring, methodological questions like those of induction and demarcation; but the conviction that a phenomenological account of the empirical basis forms a necessary complement to Popper's falsificationism. According to the latter, a scientific theory is a synthetic and universal, hence unverifiable proposition. In fact, (...)
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  32. How To Be a Moral Platonist.Knut Olav Skarsune - 2015 - Oxford Studies in Metaethics (10).
    Contrary to popular opinion, non-natural realism can explain both why normative properties supervene on descriptive properties, and why this pattern is analytic. The explanation proceeds by positing a subtle polysemy in normative predicates like “good”. Such predicates express slightly different senses when they are applied to particulars (like Florence Nightingale) and to kinds (like altruism). The former sense, “goodPAR”, can be defined in terms of the latter, “goodKIN”, as follows: x is goodPAR iff there is a kind K such that (...)
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  33.  45
    The Philosophical Significance of Stein’s Paradox.Olav Vassend, Elliott Sober & Branden Fitelson - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (3):411-433.
    Charles Stein discovered a paradox in 1955 that many statisticians think is of fundamental importance. Here we explore its philosophical implications. We outline the nature of Stein’s result and of subsequent work on shrinkage estimators; then we describe how these results are related to Bayesianism and to model selection criteria like AIC. We also discuss their bearing on scientific realism and instrumentalism. We argue that results concerning shrinkage estimators underwrite a surprising form of holistic pragmatism.
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  34.  99
    Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:23-48.
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  35. Ideal Counterpart Theorizing and the Accuracy Argument for Probabilism.Clinton Castro & Olav Vassend - 2018 - Analysis 78 (2):207-216.
    One of the main goals of Bayesian epistemology is to justify the rational norms credence functions ought to obey. Accuracy arguments attempt to justify these norms from the assumption that the source of value for credences relevant to their epistemic status is their accuracy. This assumption and some standard decision-theoretic principles are used to argue for norms like Probabilism, the thesis that an agent’s credence function is rational only if it obeys the probability axioms. We introduce an example that shows (...)
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  36. VKnowledge Activation: Accessibility, Applicability, and Salience, V in E. Tory Higgins and Arie W. Kruglanski, Eds.E. T. Higgins - 1996 - In E. E. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (eds.), Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles. Guilford.
     
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  37.  24
    Confirmation and the Ordinal Equivalence Thesis.Olav Benjamin Vassend - 2017 - Synthese:1-17.
    According to a widespread but implicit thesis in Bayesian confirmation theory, two confirmation measures are considered equivalent if they are ordinally equivalent—call this the “ordinal equivalence thesis”. I argue that adopting OET has significant costs. First, adopting OET renders one incapable of determining whether a piece of evidence substantially favors one hypothesis over another. Second, OET must be rejected if merely ordinal conclusions are to be drawn from the expected value of a confirmation measure. Furthermore, several arguments and applications of (...)
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  38. Moral Deference and Authentic Interaction.Knut Olav Skarsaune - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy 113 (7):346-357.
    The article defends a mild form of pessimism about moral deference, by arguing that deference is incompatible with authentic interaction, that is, acting in a way that communicates our own normative judgment. The point of such interaction is ultimately that it allows us to get to know and engage one another. This vindication of our intuitive resistance to moral deference is upheld, in a certain range of cases, against David Enoch’s recent objection to views that motivate pessimism by appealing to (...)
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  39.  32
    The Phenomenological Semantics of Natural Language, Part I.Olav K. Wiegand - 2001 - New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 1:241-255.
  40.  3
    W.E.B. Du Bois.W. E. B. Du Bois - 2010 - Routledge.
    Housed in one volume for the first time are several of the seminal essays on Du Bois's contributions to sociology and critical social theory: from DuBois as inventor of the sociology of race to Du Bois as the first sociologist of American religion; from Du Bois as a pioneer of urban and rural sociology to Du Bois as innovator of the sociology of gender and culture; and finally from Du Bois as groundbreaking sociologist of education and cultural criminologist to Du (...)
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  41. Bibliography of the Philosophical and Other Writings of Jens Erik Fenstad, Guttorm Flöistad, Dagfinn Föllesdal, Finngeir Hiorth and Dag Prawitz, 1953-1970.Olav Flo - 1972 - Universitetsforlaget.
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  42. La Theologia Deutsch: storia e fortuna di un testo anonimo.E. Zambruno - 1986 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 78 (3):378-403.
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  43. Lalumera, E. 2017 Understanding Schizophrenia Through Wittgenstein: Empathy, Explanation, and Philosophical Clarification, in Schizophrenia and Common Sense, Hipólito, I., Gonçalves, J., Pereira, J. (Eds.). SpringerNature, Mind-Brain Studies.E. Lalumera - forthcoming - In I. Hipolito, J. Goncalves & J. Pereira (eds.), Schizophrenia and Common Sense, Hipólito, I., Gonçalves, J., Pereira, J. (eds.). SpringerNature, Mind-Brain Studies. Dordrecht: Springer.
    Wittgenstein’s concepts shed light on the phenomenon of schizophrenia in at least three different ways: with a view to empathy, scientific explanation, or philosophical clarification. I consider two different “positive” wittgensteinian accounts―Campbell’s idea that delusions involve a mechanism of which different framework propositions are parts, Sass’ proposal that the schizophrenic patient can be described as a solipsist, and a Rhodes’ and Gipp’s account, where epistemic aspects of schizophrenia are explained as failures in the ordinary background of certainties. I argue that (...)
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  44.  39
    Justifying the Norms of Inductive Inference.Olav Benjamin Vassend - 2022 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 73 (1):135-160.
    Bayesian inference is limited in scope because it cannot be applied in idealized contexts where none of the hypotheses under consideration is true and because it is committed to always using the likelihood as a measure of evidential favouring, even when that is inappropriate. The purpose of this article is to study inductive inference in a very general setting where finding the truth is not necessarily the goal and where the measure of evidential favouring is not necessarily the likelihood. I (...)
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  45.  38
    Arne Naess: Selected List of His Philosophical Writings in the English and German Languages. 1936–1970.Olav Flo - 1971 - Synthese 23 (2-3):348-352.
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  46.  41
    Natural Kinds: T. E. Wilkerson.T. E. Wilkerson - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):29-42.
    What is a natural kind ? As we shall see, the concept of a natural kind has a long history. Many of the interesting doctrines can be detected in Aristotle, were revived by Locke and Leibniz, and have again become fashionable in recent years. Equally there has been agreement about certain paradigm examples: the kinds oak, stickleback and gold are natural kinds, and the kinds table, nation and banknote are not. Sadly agreement does not extend much further. It is impossible (...)
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  47.  11
    Gerald E. Sacks. On a Theorem of Lachlan and Martin. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 18 , Pp. 140–141. [REVIEW]C. E. M. Yates - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 32 (4):529.
  48.  34
    Confirmation Measures and Sensitivity.Olav B. Vassend - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (5):892-904.
    Stanley Stevens draws a useful distinction among ordinal scales, interval scales, and ratio scales. Most recent discussions of confirmation measures have proceeded on the ordinal level of analysis. In this article, I give a more quantitative analysis. In particular, I show that the requirement that our desired confirmation measure be at least an interval measure naturally yields necessary conditions that jointly entail the log-likelihood measure. Thus, I conclude that the log-likelihood measure is the only good candidate interval measure.
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  49.  61
    Substance and Selfhood: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):81-99.
    How could the self be a substance? There are various ways in which it could be, some familiar from the history of philosophy. I shall be rejecting these more familiar substantivalist approaches, but also the non-substantival theories traditionally opposed to them. I believe that the self is indeed a substance—in fact, that it is a simple or noncomposite substance—and, perhaps more remarkably still, that selves are, in a sense, self-creating substances. Of course, if one thinks of the notion of substance (...)
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  50. Det: Jeg tenker, må kunne ledsage alle mine forestillinger..Olav Asheim - 2001 - Agora 19 (2-03):329-337.
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