Results for 'Oliver Sass'

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  1.  49
    Natural Hazards and the Normative Significance of Expectations in Protecting Alpine Communities.Thomas Pölzler, Florian Ortner, Oliver Sass & Lukas Meyer - 2017 - Geophysical Research Abstracts: Abstracts of the European Geosciences Union General Assembly.
  2. Schizophrenia, Consciousness, and the Self.Louis A. Sass & Josef Parnas - 2003 - Schizophrenia Bulletin 29 (3):427-444.
    In recent years, there has been much focus on the apparent heterogeneity of schizophrenic symptoms. By contrast, this article proposes a unifying account emphasizing basic abnormalities of consciousness that underlie and also antecede a disparate assortment of signs and symptoms. Schizophrenia, we argue, is fundamentally a self-disorder or ipseity disturbance that is characterized by complementary distortions of the act of awareness: hyperreflexivity and diminished self-affection. Hyperreflexivity refers to forms of exaggerated self-consciousness in which aspects of oneself are experienced as akin (...)
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  3. Madness and Modernism : Insanity in the Light of Modern Art, Literature, and Thought.Louis A. Sass - 1992
     
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  4. Phenomenological Psychopathology and Schizophrenia: Contemporary Approaches and Misunderstandings.Louis Sass, Josef Parnas & Dan Zahavi - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (1):1–23.
    The phenomenological approach to schizophrenia has undergone something of a renaissance in Anglophone psychiatry in recent years. There has been a proliferation of works that focus on the nature of subjectivity in schizophrenia and related disorders, and that take inspiration from the work of such German and French philosophers as Husserl, Heidegger, and Merleau-Ponty, and such classical psychiatrists as Minkowski, Blankenburg, and Binswanger (Rulf 2003; Sass 2001a, 2001b). This trend includes predominantly theoretical articles, which typically incorporate clinical material as (...)
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  5. Self and World in Schizophrenia: Three Classic Approaches.Louis Arnorsson Sass - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):251-270.
  6. Some Reflections on the (Analytic) Philosophical Approach to Delusion.Louis Arnorsson Sass - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (1):71-80.
  7. Anomalous Self-Experience in Depersonalization and Schizophrenia: A Comparative Investigation.Louis Sass, Elizabeth Pienkos, Barnaby Nelson & Nick Medford - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):430-441.
    Various forms of anomalous self-experience can be seen as central to schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. We examined similarities and differences between anomalous self-experiences common in schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, as listed in the EASE , and those described in published accounts of severe depersonalization. Our aims were to consider anomalous self-experience in schizophrenia in a comparative context, to refine and enlarge upon existing descriptions of experiential disturbances in depersonalization, and to explore hypotheses concerning a possible core process in schizophrenia . Numerous (...)
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  8.  12
    The Athenian Expounders of the Sacred and Ancestral Law. By J. H. Oliver. Pp. Xiv + 179. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press , 1950. 40s. [REVIEW]M. N. Tod & J. H. Oliver - 1951 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 71:270-271.
  9. Incomprehensibility and Understanding: On the Interpretation of Severe Mental Illness.Louis Arnorsson Sass - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (2):125-132.
  10. Space, Time, and Atmosphere A Comparative Phenomenology of Melancholia, Mania, and Schizophrenia, Part II.Louis Sass & E. Pienkos - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (7-8):131-152.
    This paper offers a comparative study of abnormalities in the experience of space, time, and general atmosphere in three psychiatric conditions: schizophrenia, melancholia, and mania. It is a companion piece to our previous article entitled 'Varieties of Self- Experience'; here we focus on experiences of the world rather than of the self. As before, we are especially interested in similarities but also in some subtle distinctions in the forms of subjectivity associated with these three conditions. As before, we survey phenomenologicallyoriented (...)
     
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  11.  29
    Schizophrenia, Self-Experience, and the so-Called "Negative Symptoms": Reflections on Hyperreflexivity.Louis A. Sass - 2000 - In Dan Zahavi (ed.), Exploring the Self: Philosophical and Psychopathological Perspectives on Self-Experience. John Benjamins. pp. 149--82.
  12. Oliver, Athenian Commissions of Seventeen.H. L. Oliver - 1950 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 44:203.
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  13. Oliver, Athenian Commissions of Seventeen.H. L. Oliver - 1950 - Classical Weekly 44:203.
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  14. Phenomenology of Self-Disturbances in Schizophrenia: Some Research Findings and Directions.Louis A. Sass & Josef Parnas - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (4):347-356.
  15.  55
    Plural Logic.Alex Oliver & Timothy Smiley - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Alex Oliver and Timothy Smiley provide a new account of plural logic. They argue that there is such a thing as genuinely plural denotation in logic, and expound a framework of ideas that includes the distinction between distributive and collective predicates, the theory of plural descriptions, multivalued functions, and lists.
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  16.  23
    Toward a More Stable Blood Supply: Charitable Incentives, Donation Rates, and the Experience of September 11.Reuben G. Sass - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):38-45.
    Although excess blood collection has characterized U.S. national disasters, most dramatically in the case of September 11, periodic shortages of blood have recurred for decades. In response, I propose a new model of medical philanthropy, one that specifically uses charitable contributions to health care as blood donation incentives. I explain how the surge in blood donations following 9/11 was both transient and disaster-specific, failing to foster a greater continuing commitment to donate blood. This underscores the importance of considering blood donation (...)
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  17.  27
    Delusions: The Phenomenological Approach.L. A. Sass & E. Pienkos - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 632--657.
    This chapter offers an overview of the phenomenological approach to delusions, emphasizing what Karl Jaspers called the "true delusions" of schizophrenia. Phenomenological psychopathology focuses on the experience of delusions and the delusional world. Several features of this approach are surveyed, including emphasis on formal qualities of subjective life and questioning of standard assumptions about delusions as erroneous belief. The altered modalities of world-oriented and self-oriented experience that precede and ground delusions in schizophrenia, especially the experiences of revelation that Klaus Conrad (...)
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  18.  20
    Deliberative Cultures.Jensen Sass & John S. Dryzek - 2014 - Political Theory 42 (1):3-25.
    Increasing interest in applying the theory and practice of deliberative democracy to new and varied political contexts leads us to ask whether or not deliberation is a universal political practice. While deliberation does manifest a universal competence, its character varies substantially across time and space, a variation partially explicable in cultural terms. We deploy an intersubjective conception of culture in order to explore these differences. Culture meets deliberation where publicly accessible meanings, symbols, and norms shape the way political actors engage (...)
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  19.  62
    Beyond Words: Linguistic Experience in Melancholia, Mania, and Schizophrenia. [REVIEW]Louis Sass & Elizabeth Pienkos - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (3):475-495.
    In this paper, we use a phenomenological approach to compare the unusual ways in which language can be experienced by individuals with schizophrenia or severe mood disorders, specifically mania and melancholia. Our discussion follows a tripartite/dialectical format: first we describe traditionally observed distinctions ; then we consider some apparent similarities in the experience of language in these conditions. Finally, we explore more subtle, qualitative differences. These involve: 1, interpersonal orientation, 2, forms of attention and context-relevance, 3, underlying mutations of experience, (...)
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  20.  24
    Electrophysiological Evidence of the Time Course of Attentional Bias in Non-Patients Reporting Symptoms of Depression with and Without Co-Occurring Anxiety.Sarah M. Sass, Wendy Heller, Joscelyn E. Fisher, Rebecca L. Silton, Jennifer L. Stewart, Laura D. Crocker, J. Christopher Edgar, Katherine J. Mimnaugh & Gregory A. Miller - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  21.  92
    Heidegger, Schizophrenia and the Ontological Difference.Louis A. Sass - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (2):109 – 132.
    This paper offers a phenomenological or hermeneutic reading—employing Heidegger's notion of the 'ontological difference'—of certain central aspects of schizophrenic experience. The main focus is on signs and symptoms that have traditionally been taken to indicate either 'poor reality-testing' or else 'poverty of content of speech' (defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders III-R as: “speech that is adequate in amount but conveys little information because of vagueness, empty repetitions, or use of stereotyped or obscure phrases"). I argue (...)
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  22.  31
    Faces of Intersubjectivity.Louis Sass & Elizabeth Pienkos - 2015 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 46 (1):1-32.
    Here we consider interpersonal experience in schizophrenia, melancholia, and mania. Our goal is to improve understanding of similarities and differences in how other people can be experienced in these disorders, through a review of first-person accounts and case examples and of contemporary and classic literature on the phenomenology of these disorders. We adopt a tripartite/dialectical structure: first we explore main differences as traditionally described; next we consider how the disorders may resemble each other; finally we discuss more subtle but perhaps (...)
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  23.  47
    Affectivity in Schizophrenia: A Phenomenological View.Louis A. Sass - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (10-11):127-147.
    Schizophrenia involves profound but enigmatic disturbances of affective or emotional life. The affective responses as well as expression of many patients in the schizophrenia spectrum can seem odd, incongruent, inadequate, or otherwise off-the-mark. Such patients are, in fact, often described in rather contradictory terms: as being prone both to exaggerated and to diminished levels of emotional or affective response. According to Ernst Kretschmer, they actually tend to have both kinds of experience at the same time. This paper attempts to explain (...)
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  24. Self, Solipsism, and Schizophrenic Delusions.Josef Parnas & Louis A. Sass - 2001 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 8 (2-3):101-120.
  25.  48
    Fritz Jahr's 1927 Concept of Bioethics.Hans-Martin Sass - 2007 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 17 (4):279-295.
    : In 1927, Fritz Jahr, a Protestant pastor, philosopher, and educator in Halle an der Saale, published an article entitled "Bio-Ethics: A Review of the Ethical Relationships of Humans to Animals and Plants" and proposed a "Bioethical Imperative," extending Kant's moral imperative to all forms of life. Reviewing new physiological knowledge of his times and moral challenges associated with the development of secular and pluralistic societies, Jahr redefines moral obligations towards human and nonhuman forms of life, outlining the concept of (...)
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  26.  29
    Varieties of Self-Experience: A Comparative Phenomenology of Melancholia, Mania, and Schizophrenia, Part I.Louis Sass - 2013 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 20 (7-8):7-8.
    This paper provides a critical survey of some subtle and often overlooked disturbances of self-experience that can occur in schizophrenia, melancholia, and mania. The goal is to better understand both similarities and differences between these conditions. We present classical and contemporary studies, mostly from the phenomenological tradition, and illustrate these with patient reports. Experiential changes in five domains of selfhood are considered: Cognition, Self-Awareness, Bodily Experiences, Demarcation/Transitivism, and Existential Reorientation. We discuss: I. major differences involving self-experience between schizophrenia and affective (...)
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  27.  51
    Principles of Gestalt Psychology.Oliver L. Reiser - 1936 - Philosophical Review 45 (4):412-415.
    Routledge is now re-issuing this prestigious series of 204 volumes originally published between 1910 and 1965. The titles include works by key figures such asC.G. Jung, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Otto Rank, James Hillman, Erich Fromm, Karen Horney and Susan Isaacs. Each volume is available on its own, as part of a themed mini-set, or as part of a specially-priced 204-volume set. A brochure listing each title in the "International Library of Psychology" series is available upon request.
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  28.  87
    The Truth-Taking-Stare: A Heideggerian Interpretation of a Schizophrenic World.Louis A. Sass - 1990 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 21 (2):121-149.
  29. The Structure of Self-Consciousness in Schizophrenia.Josef Parnas & Louis Sass - 2011 - In Shaun Gallagher (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Self. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the structure of self-consciousness in people with schizophrenia. The findings indicate that our self-experience is not neutral with respect to the metaphysical status of the self and that it is important to attend carefully to the experience of the subject in order to understand schizophrenia. The results also suggest that the variable disruptions in the sense of self-presence, first-person perspective, and the phenomenality of experience in schizophrenics directly affect the minimal self and it may also have implications (...)
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  30.  23
    Schizophrenia, Self-Consciousness, and the Modern Mind.Louis A. Sass - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (5-6):5-6.
    This paper uses certain of Michel Foucault's ideas concerning modern consciousness (from The Order of Things) to illuminate a central paradox of the schizophrenic condition: a strange oscillation, or even coexistence, between two opposite experiences of the self: between the loss or fragmentation of self and its apotheosis in moments of solipsistic grandeur. Many schizophrenic patients lose their sense of integrated and active intentionality; even their most intimate thoughts and inclinations may be experienced as emanating from, or under the control (...)
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  31.  52
    The New Triad: Responsibility, Solidarity and Subsidiarity.Hans-Martin Sass - 1995 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (6):587-594.
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  32.  60
    Self-Disturbance in Schizophrenia: Hyperreflexivity and Diminished Self-Affection.Louis A. Sass - 2003 - In Tilo Kircher & Anthony S. David (eds.), The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry. Cambridge University Press. pp. 870539117.
  33.  80
    Reichsrundschreiben 1931: Pre-Nuremberg German Regulations Concerning New Therapy and Human Experimentation.Hans-Martin Sass - 1983 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (2):99-112.
    This is the first re-publication and first English translation of regulations concerning Human Experimentation which were binding law prior to and during the Third Reich, 1931 to 1945. The introduction briefly describes the duties of the Reichsgesundheitsamt, which formulated these regulations. It then outlines the basic concept of the Richtlinien for protecting subjects and patients on the one hand and for encouraging New Therapy and Human Experimentation on the other hand. Major issues, like personal responsibility of the physician or researcher, (...)
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  34.  20
    Contradictions of Emotion in Schizophrenia.Louis Sass - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (2):351-390.
  35.  64
    Introduction the Principle of Solidarity in Health Care Policy.Hans-Martin Sass - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (4):367-370.
  36.  32
    Introspection and Schizophrenia: A Comparative Investigation of Anomalous Self Experiences.Louis Sass, Elizabeth Pienkos & Barnaby Nelson - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):853-867.
    This paper offers a comparative investigation of anomalous self-experiences common in schizophrenia instrument) and those of normal individuals in an intensely introspective orientation. The latter represent a relatively pure manifestation of certain forms of exaggerated self-consciousness, one facet of the disturbance of core- or minimal-self postulated as central in schizophrenia. Significant similarities with schizophrenia-like experience were found but important differences also emerged. Affinities included feelings of passivity, fading of self or world, and alienation from thoughts, feelings, or lived-body. Differences involved (...)
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  37.  12
    Cultivating and Harmonising Virtues and Principles.Hans-Martin Sass - 2011 - Asian Bioethics Review 3 (1):36-47.
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  38.  4
    The Landscape in Black and White: Oliver Schuchard Photographs, 1967-2005.Oliver A. Schuchard - 2005 - University of Missouri.
    More than sixty-five black-and-white photographs as well as explanations on the aesthetic rationale and techniques used in order to produce these artworks, are featured in a representative collection of the author's thirty-eight years of ...
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  39.  13
    The Many Faces of Panentheism: An Editorial Introduction.Harald Atmanspacher & Hartmut von Sass - 2017 - Zygon 52 (4):1029-1043.
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  40.  9
    Schizophrenia: A Disturbance of the Thematic Field.Louis A. Sass - 2004 - In Lester Embree (ed.), Gurwitsch's Relevancy for Cognitive Science. Springer. pp. 59--78.
  41.  18
    Schreber's Panopticism: Psychosis and the Modern Soul.Louis Sass - 1987 - Social Research 54.
  42. Phenomenology, Context, and Self-Experience in Schizophrenia.Louis A. Sass & Peter J. Uhlhaas - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):104-105.
    Impairments in cognitive coordination in schizophrenia are supported by phenomenological data that suggest deficits in the processing of visual context. Although the target article is sympathetic to such a phenomenological perspective, we argue that the relevance of phenomenological data for a wider understanding of consciousness in schizophrenia is not sufficiently addressed by the authors.
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  43.  19
    Brain Life and Brain Death: A Proposal for a Normative Agreement.Hans-Martin Sass - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):45-59.
    This paper reviews moral and cultural assessments which led to the definition of brain death and calls for a similar normative consensus regarding the moral recognition and legal protection of embryonal life related to criteria of brain life. This paper differentiates between cortical brain life I, i.e., the first existence of post-mitotic stationary neurons forming the early cortical plate (54th day post conception), and cortical brain life II, i.e., the beginning of cortical neuro-neuronal synapses (after the 70th day p.c.). The (...)
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  44.  23
    Lacan: The Mind of the Modernist.Louis A. Sass - 2015 - Continental Philosophy Review 48 (4):409-443.
    This paper offers an intellectual portrait of the French psychoanalyst, Jacques Lacan, by considering his incorporation of perspectives associated with “modernism,” the artistic and intellectual avant-garde of the first half of the twentieth century. These perspectives are largely absent in other alternatives in psychology, psychiatry, and psychoanalysis. Emphasis is placed on Lacan’s affinities with phenomenology, a tradition he criticized and to which he is often seen as opposed. Two general issues are discussed. The first is Lacan’s unparalleled appreciation of the (...)
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  45.  40
    Lacan, Foucault, and the 'Crisis of the Subject': Revisionist Reflections on Phenomenology and Post-Structuralism.Louis Sass - 2014 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 21 (4):325-341.
    French thought in the twentieth century is typically described as marked by a major fault line, a rupture or grande coupure, that emerged in the 1960s, the heyday of the ‘crisis of the subject.’ Before this time French philosophy, together with associated fields, were focused on issues of subjectivity—first in the vein of Bergsonian vitalism but then shifting, with Sartre and Merleau-Ponty in the late 1930s and 1940s, to forms of phenomenology and existentialism inspired first by Husserl and then, even (...)
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  46.  1
    Kant on Human Dignity.Oliver Sensen - 2011 - De Gruyter.
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  47.  47
    Symptoms of Expertise: Knowledge, Understanding and Other Cognitive Goods.Oliver Scholz - 2018 - Topoi 37 (1):29-37.
    In this paper, I want to make two main points. The first point is methodological: Instead of attempting to give a classical analysis or reductive definition of the term “expertise”, we should attempt an explication and look for what may be called symptoms of expertise. What this comes to will be explained in due course. My second point is substantial: I want to recommend understanding as an important symptom of expertise. In order to give this suggestion content, I begin to (...)
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  48.  40
    Bruno Bauers Idee der "Rheinischen Zeitung".Hans-Martin Sass & Ihr B. Bauer - 1967 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 19 (4):321-332.
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  49.  67
    "My So-Called Delusions": Solipsism, Madness, and the Schreber Case.Louis A. Sass - 1994 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 25 (1):70-103.
    This paper offers a critique of a central psychopathological concept, the notion of "poor reality-testing. "Using ideas from the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein, I consider the nature of delusions in schizophrenia, largely through examining Daniel Paul Schreber's famous Memoirs of My Nervous Illness. Many schizophrenic individuals do not in fact mistake their fantasies for reality, as is traditionally assumed. Rather, I argue, they engage in a solipsistic mode of experience, a felt subjectivization of the lived world that is associated with a (...)
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  50.  9
    The Detection of the Periodic Structure of High-Angle Twist Boundaries.S. L. Sass, T. Y. Tan & R. W. Balluffi - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 31 (3):559-573.
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