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Oliver R. Scholz [33]Oliver Scholz [8]Oliver Robert Scholz [5]
  1.  56
    Symptoms of Expertise: Knowledge, Understanding and Other Cognitive Goods.Oliver Scholz - 2018 - Topoi 37 (1):29-37.
    In this paper, I want to make two main points. The first point is methodological: Instead of attempting to give a classical analysis or reductive definition of the term “expertise”, we should attempt an explication and look for what may be called symptoms of expertise. What this comes to will be explained in due course. My second point is substantial: I want to recommend understanding as an important symptom of expertise. In order to give this suggestion content, I begin to (...)
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  2. Experts: What They Are and How We Recognize Them—a Discussion of Alvin Goldman’s Views.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):187-205.
    What are experts? Are there only experts in a subjective sense or are there also experts in an objective sense? And how, if at all, may non-experts recognize experts in an objective sense? In this paper, I approach these important questions by discussing Alvin I. Goldman's thoughts about how to define objective epistemic authority and about how non-experts are able to identify experts. I argue that a multiple epistemic desiderata approach is superior to Goldman's purely veritistic approach.
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  3.  44
    Explanation in the Special Science: The Case of Biology and History.Marie I. Kaiser, Oliver Scholz, Daniel Plenge & Andreas Hüttemann (eds.) - 2014 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    Biology and history are often viewed as closely related disciplines, with biology informed by history, especially in its task of charting our evolutionary past. Maximizing the opportunities for cross-fertilization in these two fields requires an accurate reckoning of their commonalities and differences-precisely what this volume sets out to achieve. Specially commissioned essays by a team of recognized international researchers cover the full panoply of topics in these fields and include notable contributions on the correlativity of evolutionary and historical explanations, applying (...)
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  4.  44
    Inductive Social Metaphysics—A Defence of Inference to the Best Explanation in the Metaphysics of Social Reality: Comments on Katherine Hawley.Oliver Scholz - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (2):199-210.
    How is metaphysics related to the empirical sciences? Should metaphysics in general be guided by the sources, methods and results of the sciences? And what about the special case of the metaphysics of the social world: should it likewise be guided by the sources, methods and results of the social sciences? In her paper “Social Science as a Guide to Social Metaphysics?”, K. Hawley raises the question: If we are sympathetic to the project of naturalising metaphysics, how should we approach (...)
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  5. Bild, Darstellung, Zeichen. Philosophische Theorien bildhafter Darstellung.Oliver R. Scholz - 1992 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 54 (2):341-342.
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  6.  71
    Introduction: The History of Social Epistemology.Oliver R. Scholz & Frederick F. Schmitt - 2010 - Episteme 7 (1):1-6.
    Social epistemology is a burgeoning branch of contemporary epistemology. Since the 1970s, philosophers have taken an ever-increasing interest in such topics as the epistemic value of testimony, the nature and function of expertise, the proper distribution of cognitive labor and resources among individuals in communities, and the status of group reasoning and knowledge. This trend emerged against the resistance of the widely shared view that social considerations are largely irrelevant to epistemological concerns. The trend was stimulated by diverse approaches to (...)
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  7.  20
    Introduction: The History of Social Epistemology.Frederick F. Schmitt & Oliver R. Scholz - 2010 - Episteme 7 (1):1-6.
    Social epistemology is a burgeoning branch of contemporary epistemology. Since the 1970s, philosophers have taken an ever-increasing interest in such topics as the epistemic value of testimony, the nature and function of expertise, the proper distribution of cognitive labor and resources among individuals in communities, and the status of group reasoning and knowledge. This trend emerged against the resistance of the widely shared view that social considerations are largely irrelevant to epistemological concerns. The trend was stimulated by diverse approaches to (...)
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  8.  26
    Wissenschaft, Systematizität und Methoden Anmerkungen zu Paul Hoyningen-Huenes Systematicity. The Nature of Science.Oliver R. Scholz - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 69 (2):235-242.
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  9.  64
    A Solid Sense of Syntax.Oliver Robert Scholz - 2000 - Erkenntnis 52 (2):199-212.
    Every materially adequate explication of the concepts ``picture''and ``the pictorial'' has to appeal to syntactical properties.From the available definitions, a conception of syntax is extractedthat is applicable to symbol systems of any sort. Against thisbackground, it is shown that a non-semantical characterization ofthe pictorial is mandatory. Finally, specific syntactical featuresare explicated that recommend themselves as necessary conditions forthe application of the concept of a picture.
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  10.  62
    When is a Picture?Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - Synthese 95 (1):95 - 106.
    Philosophical discussions of depiction sometimes suffer from a lack of differentiation between several questions concerning the nature of pictorial representation. To provide a suitable framework I distinguish six such questions and several levels on which one might want to proceed in order to answer some of them. With this background, I reconstruct Goodman's and Elgin's answer to the specific question: What distinguishes the pictorial from the verbal or linguistic? I try to reveal some major motivations behind their system-oriented approach and (...)
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  11.  21
    Wie versteht man eine Person?Oliver Robert Scholz - 1999 - Analyse & Kritik 21 (1):75-96.
    When we attempt to understand a person we make use of a body of practices called 'folk psychology'. After clarifying the status and the content of folk psychology, the paper focuses on the current debate about its form. A version of the 'theory theory' is sketched that tries to do justice to the holism of the mental and to the constraining role of presumptions of coherence for the ascription of intentional states. Against this background, it is argued that radical simulationism, (...)
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  12.  10
    Autonomie Angesichts Epistemischer Abhängigkeit Kant Über Das Zeugnis Anderer.Oliver Robert Scholz - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. De Gruyter. pp. 829-839.
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  13.  30
    Münsteraner Memorandum Heilpraktiker. Die Thesen des „Münsteraner Kreises“ zu einer Neuregelung des Heilpraktikerwesens.Manfred Anlauf, Norbert Aust, Hans-Werner Bertelsen, Juliane Boscheinen, Edzard Ernst, Daniel R. Friedrich, Natalie Grams, Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Jutta Hübner, Peter Hucklenbroich, Heiner Raspe, Jan-Ole Reichardt, Norbert Schmacke, Bettina Schöne-Seifert, Oliver R. Scholz, Jochen Taupitz & Christian Weymayr - 2017 - Ethik in der Medizin 29 (4):334-342.
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  14. Wissenschaft Und Aufklärung / Science and Enlightenment.Rainer Enskat & Oliver Scholz (eds.) - 2018 - Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
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  15. Symbole, Systeme, Welten: Studien Zur Philosophie Nelson Goodmans.Nelson Goodman, Jakob Steinbrenner, Oliver R. Scholz & Gerhard Ernst (eds.) - 2005 - Synchron.
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  16.  21
    Falsche Freunde. War die Aufklärung wirklich die Geburtsstunde der Moderne? Hrsg. von Andreas Pečar und Damien Tricoire Frankfurt am Main/new York: Campus 2015. 231 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-593-50474-2.Falsche Freunde. War die Aufklärung wirklich die Geburtsstunde der Moderne? [REVIEW]Oliver R. Scholz - 2019 - Kant-Studien 110 (1):160-163.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 110 Heft: 1 Seiten: 160-163.
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  17. Das Spektrum der kritischen Philosophie Immanuel Kants.Bernd Prien, Oliver R. Scholz & Christian Suhm (eds.) - 2006 - Lit-Verlag.
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  18. Vorurteil.Klaus Reisinger, Oliver R. Scholz & B. Six - 2001 - In H. Gründer (ed.), Historisches Wörterbuch der Philosophie. Schwabe. pp. 12--1250.
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  19. Aufklärung: Von der Erkenntnistheorie zur Politik. Das Beispiel Immanuel Kant.Oliver R. Scholz - 2006 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 9:156-172.
    In this essay, the enlightenment is not considered as a bygone age, but as a systematic epistemological, moral and political program that can, in principle, be pursued at any time. Since Kant has done most to clarify this program, his philosophy may serve as a starting point for discussion of the questions: How do the leading ideas of the enlightenment hang together? How are they justified?
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  20.  2
    Aufklärung: Von der Erkenntnistheorie zur Politik.Oliver R. Scholz - 2006 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 9 (1):156-174.
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  21.  2
    Adrian W.Moore: The Evolution of Modern Metaphysics: Making Sense of Things. (Series: The Evolution of Modern Philosophy). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2012, ISBN 978-0-521-85111-4; £ 70.00, US $ 110.00 (Hardback); Xxi + 668 Pages. [REVIEW]Oliver R. Scholz - 2015 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 18 (1):285-290.
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  22.  5
    Bildspiele.Oliver R. Scholz - 2011 - In Publications of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society - N.S. 17. De Gruyter. pp. 365-382.
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  23. Über eine vermeintliche Aktualität der Aufklärungshermeneutik.Harald Schnur & Oliver R. Scholz - 1996 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 21:147-156.
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  24. Bilder im Geiste? - Das Standardmodell, sein Scheitern und ein Gegenvorschlag.Oliver Scholz - 1995 - In Klaus Sachs-Hombach (ed.), Bilder im Geiste: Zur kognitiven und erkenntnistheoretischen Funktion piktorialer Repräsentationen. Rodopi. pp. 39-62.
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  25.  16
    Begriff und Phänomen des Glaubens Fragen zu Andreas Kemmerlings Glauben. Essay über einen Begriff.Oliver R. Scholz - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 73 (2):271-278.
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  26. Das Zeugnis anderer – Sozialer Akt und Erkenntnisquelle.Oliver R. Scholz - 2011 - In Sibylle Schmidt, Sybille Krämer & Ramon Voges (eds.), Politik der Zeugenschaft: Zur Kritik Einer Wissenspraxis. Transcript. pp. 23-46.
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  27.  11
    »Erscheinet doch endlich, ihr güldenen Zeiten! / Da Weisheit und Tugend die Menschen regiert.–«: Johann Christoph Gottsched als Aufklärer.Oliver Scholz - 2013 - In Eric Achermann (ed.), Johann Christoph Gottsched : Philosophie, Poetik Und Wissenschaft. De Gruyter. pp. 27-38.
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  28.  18
    From Ordinary Language to the Metaphysics of Dispositions – Gilbert Ryle on Disposition Talk and Dispositions.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 127-142.
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  29.  4
    From Ordinary Language to the Metaphysics of Dispositions – Gilbert Ryle on Disposition Talk and Dispositions.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - In Gregor Damschen, Robert Schnepf & Karsten Stueber (eds.), Debating Dispositions. Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 127-142.
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  30.  8
    9. Fiktionen, Wissen und andere kognitive Güter.Oliver R. Scholz - 2014 - In Tilmann Köppe & Tobias Klauk (eds.), Fiktionalität: Ein Interdisziplinäres Handbuch. De Gruyter. pp. 209-234.
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  31. Idealismus Als Theorie der Repräsentation?Ralph Schumacher & Oliver R. Scholz - 2001
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  32.  43
    Introduction:Reconceptions in Context.Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - Synthese 95 (1):1-7.
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  33. Neuerscheinungen zur Hermeneutik und ihrer Geschichte.Oliver R. Scholz - 1994 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 19 (3):53.
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  34.  5
    Nachgedanken zu Nachtgedanken: Die Dialektik der Aufklärung im Rückblick.Oliver R. Scholz - 2018 - In Winfried Schröder & Sonja Lavaert (eds.), Aufklärungs-Kritik Und Aufklärungs-Mythen: Horkheimer Und Adorno in Philosophiehistorischer Perspektive. De Gruyter. pp. 53-82.
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  35.  6
    Reviewing Studies Etudes Critiques-Betrachtung Mr Literatur.Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - Dialectica 47 (1):169-170.
    Book reviewed in this article: Philosophie de l'action *.
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  36. Texte Interpretieren: Daten, Hypothesen Und Methoden.Oliver R. Scholz - 2015 - In Jan Borkowski, Stefan Descher, Felicitas Ferder & Philipp David Heine (eds.), Literatur interpretieren: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge zur Theorie und Praxis. Mentis. pp. 147-171.
    Mein Beitrag behandelt zentrale Probleme der Methodologie der Textinterpretation im Lichte der neueren Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie. Nach Vorbemerkungen zum Begriff der Interpretation wende ich mich den Methoden der Bildung und kritischen Prüfung von Interpretationshypothesen zu. Wie ist das Verhältnis von Daten und Hypothesen im Falle der Textinterpretation? Wie können Interpretationshypothesen epistemisch gerechtfertigt bzw. gestützt werden? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen untersuche ich die Anwendung der Hypothetisch-Deduktiven Methode und der Methode des Schlusses auf die beste Erklärung auf die Textinterpretation. Der Vergleich zeigt, (...)
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  37. The Life and Opinions of Nelson Goodman–A Very Short Introduction.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - In G. Ernst, J. Steinbrenner & O. Scholz (eds.), From Logic to Art: Themes From Nelson Goodman. Ontos. pp. 7--1.
     
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  38.  46
    Wissenschaftstheorie, Erkenntnistheorie und Metaphysik – Klärungen zu einem ungeklärten Verhältnis.Oliver R. Scholz - 2013 - Philosophia Naturalis 50 (1):5-24.
    The paper aims at clarifying the relationship between philosophy of science, epistemology and metaphysics. I begin with a characterization of philosophy. Philosophy as a second order discipline differs from any of the individual sciences. Typically, it attempts to answer questions of the form "How is it possible that p?". Next I present the aims and tasks of epistemology, before, finally, I turn to the relationship between philosophy of science and epistemology. At this point, metaphysics enters the scene. It turns out (...)
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  39. Wittgensteins Holismen: Sätze, Sprachspiele, Lebensformen.Oliver Scholz - 2001 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 4.
    In Wittgenstein's philosophy, the terms "language game" and "form of life" serve to describe holistic embedding relations: words are embedded in sentences, sentences in language games, language games in forms of life. Wittgenstein's intellectual development is best understood as the continual search for the adequate form of holism; it leads to a global semantic holism.
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  40.  2
    Wittgensteins Holismen: Sätze, Sprachspiele, Lebensformen.Oliver Robert Scholz - 2001 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 4 (1):173-188.
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  41. “What Metaphors Mean” and How Metaphors Refer.Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - In Ralf Stoecker (ed.), Reflecting Davidson: Donald Davidson Responding to an International Forum of Philosophers. W. De Gruyter. pp. 161-171.
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  42. Wahrheitshintergrund und Interpretation.Oliver Robert Scholz - 1998 - Studia Philosophica 57:27-54.
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  43.  7
    Zum Status Allgemeiner Verstehensprinzipien.Oliver R. Scholz - 1994 - In Ulla Wessels & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen / Analyomen: Proceedings of the 1st Conference "Perspectives in Analytical Philosophy". De Gruyter. pp. 574-584.
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  44. Zur systematischen Bedeutung der Aufklarungshermeneutiken.Oliver R. Scholz - 1996 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 21 (2):156-162.
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  45. Zur Funktion des Mythos in 'Die Wahlverwandtschaften'.Gustav Seibt & Oliver Scholz - 1985 - Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft Und Geistesgeschichte 59:609-630.
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  46. Wittgenstein Über Die Seele.Eike von Savigny & Oliver R. Scholz - 1995
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