Results for 'Olivia Grimwade'

310 found
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  1.  19
    Payment in Challenge Studies: Ethics, Attitudes and a New Payment for Risk Model.Olivia Grimwade, Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Justin Oakley, Joshua Osowicki, Andrew J. Pollard & Anne-Marie Nussberger - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):815-826.
    Controlled Human Infection Model research involves the infection of otherwise healthy participants with disease often for the sake of vaccine development. The COVID-19 pandemic has emphasised the urgency of enhancing CHIM research capability and the importance of having clear ethical guidance for their conduct. The payment of CHIM participants is a controversial issue involving stakeholders across ethics, medicine and policymaking with allegations circulating suggesting exploitation, coercion and other violations of ethical principles. There are multiple approaches to payment: reimbursement, wage payment (...)
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  2.  5
    Fair Go: Pay Research Participants Properly or Not at All.Olivia Grimwade, Julian Savulescu, Alberto Giubilini, Justin Oakley & Anne-Marie Nussberger - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (12):837-839.
    We thank the authors of the five commentaries for their careful and highly constructive consideration of our paper,1 which has enabled us to develop our proposal. Participation in research has traditionally been viewed as altruistic. Over time, payments for inconvenience and lost wages have been allowed, as have small incentives, usually in kind. The problem, particularly with controlled human infection model research or ‘challenge studies’, is that they are unpleasant and time-consuming. Researchers want to offer carrots to incentivise participation. We (...)
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  3. Ana Olivia Ruíz Martínez, et al." Sintomatología de anorexia y bulimia nerviosa en universidades privadas y públicas".Ana Olivia Ruíz Martínez, Roxana González Sotomayor & Silvia Valdez Nasser - 2005 - Episteme 1 (3).
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  4. Empathy and the Value of Humane Understanding.Olivia Bailey - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
  5.  76
    Davidson’s Answer to Kripke’s Sceptic.Olivia Sultanescu & Claudine Verheggen - 2019 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 7 (2):8-28.
    According to the sceptic Saul Kripke envisages in his celebrated book on Wittgenstein on rules and private language, there are no facts about an individual that determine what she means by any given expression. If there are no such facts, the question then is, what justifies the claim that she does use expressions meaningfully? Kripke’s answer, in a nutshell, is that she by and large uses her expressions in conformity with the linguistic standards of the community she belongs to. While (...)
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  6.  37
    Moral Courage in Nursing: A Concept Analysis.Olivia Numminen, Hanna Repo & Helena Leino-Kilpi - 2017 - Nursing Ethics 24 (8):878-891.
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  7.  35
    Pupil Dilation Patterns Reflect the Contents of Consciousness.Olivia Kang & Thalia Wheatley - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:128-135.
  8.  22
    Spelling Impairments in Spanish Dyslexic Adults.Olivia Afonso, Paz Suárez-Coalla & Fernando Cuetos - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  9.  19
    Featural Processing in Recognition of Emotional Facial Expressions.Olivia Beaudry, Annie Roy-Charland, Melanie Perron, Isabelle Cormier & Roxane Tapp - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (3):416-432.
  10.  9
    Empathy and the Value of Humane Understanding.Olivia Bailey - forthcoming - Wiley: Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, EarlyView.
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  11.  74
    Empathy and Testimonial Trust.Olivia Bailey - 2018 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 84:139-160.
    Our collective enthusiasm for empathy reflects a sense that it is deeply valuable. I show that empathy bears a complex and surprisingly problematic relation to another social epistemic phenomenon that we have reason to value, namely testimonial trust. My discussion focuses on empathy with and trust in people who are members of one or more oppressed groups. Empathy for oppressed people can be a powerful tool for engendering a certain form of testimonial trust, because there is a tight connection between (...)
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  12.  6
    How Configural Is the Configural Superiority Effect? A Neuroimaging Investigation of Emergent Features in Visual Cortex.Olivia M. Fox, Assaf Harel & Kevin B. Bennett - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  13.  20
    Ethical Climate in Nursing Environment: A Scoping Review.Janika Koskenvuori, Olivia Numminen & Riitta Suhonen - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (2):327-345.
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  14.  21
    Benign Biological Interventions to Reduce Offending.Olivia Choy, Farah Focquaert & Adrian Raine - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (1):29-41.
    A considerable body of evidence now documents, beyond reasonable doubt, biological and health risk factors for crime and violence. Nevertheless, intervention and prevention efforts with offenders have avoided biological interventions, in part due to past misuses of biological research and the challenges that biological predispositions to crime raise. This article reviews the empirical literature on two biological intervention approaches, omega-3 supplementation and transcranial direct current stimulation. Emerging research on these relatively benign interventions suggests that increased omega-3 intake through dietary intervention (...)
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  15. Moral Particularism.Brad Hooker & Margaret Olivia Little (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    A timely and penetrating investigation, this book seeks to transform moral philosophy. In the face of continuing disagreement about which general moral principles are correct, there has been a resurgence of interest in the idea that correct moral judgements can be only about particular cases. This view--moral particularism --forecasts a revolution in ordinary moral practice that has until now consisted largely of appeals to general moral principles. Moral particularism also opposes the primary aim of most contemporary normative moral theory that (...)
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  16.  9
    Cultural Considerations in Forgoing Enteral Feeding: A Comparison Between the Hong Kong Chinese, North American, and Malaysian Islamic Patients with Advanced Dementia at the End‐of‐Life.Olivia M. Y. Ngan, Sara M. Bergstresser, Suhaila Sanip, A. T. M. Emdadul Haque, Helen Y. L. Chan & Derrick K. S. Au - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 20 (2):105-114.
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  17.  16
    Je Pense Donc Je Fais: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Modulates Brain Oscillations Associated with Motor Imagery and Movement Observation.Olivia M. Lapenta, Ludovico Minati, Felipe Fregni & Paulo S. Boggio - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  18.  4
    The Present Shock and Time Re-Appropriation in the Pandemic Era.Olivia Levrini, Paola Fantini, Eleonora Barelli, Laura Branchetti, Sara Satanassi & Giulia Tasquier - 2021 - Science & Education 30 (1):1-31.
    The crisis due to the COVID-19 pandemic led most people all over the world to deal with a change in their perception and organization of time. This happened also, and mainly, within the educational institutions, where students and teachers had to rearrange their teaching/learning dynamics because of the forced education at a distance. In this paper, we present an exploratory qualitative study with secondary school students aimed to investigate how they were experiencing their learning during lockdown and how, in particular, (...)
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  19.  11
    Litigating Discrimination on Grounds of Family Status.Olivia Smith - 2014 - Feminist Legal Studies 22 (2):175-201.
    Against the background of a deeply uneven package of work–family reconciliation measures and an increasing focus on engaging men in unpaid care work, in this article I discuss the extension of the Irish discrimination law framework to provide protection against family status discrimination to workers who are engaged in certain care relationships. While this development of the law to recognize a relational understanding of inequality is welcome, its confined definition of family status fails to capture the range of workers’ caring (...)
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  20.  33
    What Knowledge is Necessary for Virtue?Olivia Bailey - 2010 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 4 (2):1-18.
    Critics contend that Aristotelianism demands too much of the virtuous person in the way of knowledge to be credible. This general charge is usually directed against either of two of Aristotelianism’s apparent claims about the necessary conditions for the possession of a single virtue, namely that 1) one must know what all the other virtues require, and 2) one must also be the master of a preternatural range of technical/empirical knowledge. I argue that Aristotelianism does indeed have a very high (...)
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  21.  6
    Are Apes’ Responses to Pointing Gestures Intentional?Olivia Sultanescu & Kristin Andrews - 2013 - Humana Mente 6 (24):53-77.
    This paper examines the meaningfulness of pointing in great apes. We appeal to Hannah Ginsborg’s conception of primitive normativity, which provides an adequate criterion for establishing whether a response is meaningful, and we attempt to make room for a conception according to which there is no fundamental difference between the responses of human infants and those of other great apes to pointing gestures. This conception is an alternative to Tomasello’s view that pointing gestures and reactions to them reveal a fundamental (...)
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  22.  7
    Balanced Cultural Identities Promote Cognitive Flexibility Among Immigrant Children.Olivia Spiegler & Birgit Leyendecker - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  23.  9
    Neural Consequences of Increasing Body Weight: Evidence From Somatosensory Evoked Potentials and the Frequency-Specificity of Brain Oscillations.Olivia Lhomond, Normand Teasdale, Martin Simoneau & Laurence Mouchnino - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  24.  17
    Beyond Ethical Frameworks: Using Moral Experimentation in the Engineering Ethics Classroom.Olivia Walling - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (6):1637-1656.
    Although undergraduate engineering ethics courses often include the development of moral sensitivity as a learning objective and the use of active learning techniques, teaching centers on the transmission of cognitive knowledge. This article describes a complementary assignment asking students to perform an ethics “experiment” on themselves that has a potential to enhance affective learning and moral imagination. The article argues that the focus on cognitive learning may not promote, and may even impair, our efforts to foster moral sensitivity. In contrast, (...)
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  25. Moral Generalities Revisited.Brad Hooker & Margaret Olivia Little (eds.) - 2000 - Clarendon Press.
     
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  26.  23
    Nurse Educators' and Nursing Students' Perspectives On Teaching Codes of Ethics.Olivia Numminen, Arie van der Arend & Helena Leino-Kilpi - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (1):69-82.
    Professional codes of ethics are regarded as elements of nurses' ethical knowledge base and consequently part of their ethics education. However, research focusing on these codes from an educational viewpoint is scarce. This study explored the need and applicability of nursing codes of ethics in modern health care, their importance in the nursing ethics curriculum, and the need for development of their teaching. A total of 183 Finnish nurse educators and 212 nursing students answered three structured questions, with an opportunity (...)
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  27.  23
    No Body to Kick, No Soul to Damn: Responsibility and Accountability for the Financial Crisis.Olivia Nicol - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 151 (1):101-114.
    This article takes the 2008–2010 financial crisis as a case study to explore the tension between responsibility and accountability in complex crises. I analyze the patterns of attribution and assumption of responsibility of thirty-three bankers in Wall Street, interviewed from fall 2008 to summer 2010. First, I show that responsibility for complex failures cannot be easily attributed or assumed: responsibility becomes diluted within the collective. Actors can only assume collective responsibility, recognizing that they belong to an institution at fault. Second, (...)
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  28.  14
    The Substantivalist View of Spacetime Proposed by Minkowski and its Educational Implications.Olivia Levrini - 2002 - Science & Education 11 (6):601-617.
  29.  3
    Evolution of bioethics education in the medical programme: a tale of two medical schools. [REVIEW]Olivia Miu Yung Ngan & Joong Hiong Sim - 2021 - International Journal of Ethics Education 6 (1):37-50.
    Bioethics Education in the Anglo-European context developed since 1970 and was incorporated into the undergraduate and postgraduate education, residency training, and continuous education. In the Asia-Pacific region, bioethics education is less structured and often dependent on contextual constraints. This paper provides a cross-sectional analysis, describing institutional experiences in developing bioethics curriculum at two medical schools in Malaysia and Hong Kong. The medical programmes of the two institutions are distinctive in terms curriculum framework, teaching approach, and topic selection, and common challenges (...)
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  30.  9
    Time-Course of Motor Involvement in Literal and Metaphoric Action Sentence Processing: A TMS Study.Megan Reilly, Olivia Howerton & Rutvik H. Desai - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  31.  38
    Bridging the Gap: A Reply to Hutto and Satne.Olivia Sultanescu - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (3):639-649.
    Daniel D. Hutto and Glenda Satne expose, and suggest a way to resolve, what they see as an “essential tension” which has plagued what they take to be, rightly I think, the most promising approach to the nature of contentful states, that is, the neo-pragmatist approach, according to which an adequate account of content essentially appeals to the notion of a social practice. This paper is a critical assessment of their proposal. On their view, the tension stems from the fact (...)
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  32.  18
    Responsibility and the Moral Sentiments.Margaret Olivia Little - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (185):541-544.
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  33.  2
    Immigrant Women and Domestic Violence: Common Experiences in Different Countries.Olivia Salcido & Cecilia Menjívar - 2002 - Gender and Society 16 (6):898-920.
    In this article, the authors assess the still limited literature on domestic violence among immigrant women in major receiving countries so as to begin delineating a framework to explain how immigrant-specific factors exacerbate the already vulnerable position—as dictated by class, gender, and race—of immigrant women in domestic violence situations. First, a review of this scholarship shows that the incidence of domestic violence is not higher than it is in the native population but rather that the experiences of immigrant women in (...)
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  34.  27
    Ethical Concerns in the Implementation of DNA Sequencing-Based Noninvasive Prenatal Testing for Fetal Aneuploidy Among Obstetric Professionals in Hong Kong.Huso Yi, Olivia Miu Yung Ngan, Sian Griffiths & Daljit Sahota - 2015 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 6 (1):81-93.
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  35.  22
    Visual Appearance Interacts with Conceptual Knowledge in Object Recognition.Olivia S. Cheung & Isabel Gauthier - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  36.  41
    Defending Moral Particularism.Mark Lance & Margaret Olivia Little - 2006 - In James Lawrence Dreier (ed.), Contemporary Debates in Moral Theory. Blackwell. pp. 305.
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  37.  18
    Fraïssé’s Construction From a Topos-Theoretic Perspective.Olivia Caramello - 2014 - Logica Universalis 8 (2):261-281.
    We present a topos-theoretic interpretation of (a categorical generalization of) Fraïssé’s construction in Model Theory, with applications to homogeneous models and countably categorical theories.
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  38.  6
    Self-Efficacy as a Unifying Construct in Nursing-Social Work Collaboration with Vulnerable Populations.Olivia G. M. Washington & David P. Moxley - 2013 - Nursing Inquiry 20 (1):42-50.
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  39. Virtue as Knowledge: Objections From the Philosophy of Mind.Margaret Olivia Little - 1997 - Noûs 31 (1):59-79.
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  40. Seeing and Caring: The Role of Affect in Feminist Moral Epistemology.Margaret Olivia Little - 1995 - Hypatia 10 (3):117 - 137.
    I develop two different epistemic roles for emotion and desire. Caring for moral ends and people plays a pivotal though contingent role in ensuring reliable awareness of morally salient details; possession of various emotions and motives is a necessary condition for autonomous understanding of moral concepts themselves. Those who believe such connections compromise the "objective" status of morality tend to assume rather than argue for the bifurcated conception of reason and affect this essay challenges.
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  41. Abortion, Intimacy, and the Duty to Gestate.Margaret Olivia Little - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (3):295-312.
    In this article, I urge that mainstream discussions of abortion are dissatisfying in large part because they proceed in polite abstraction from the distinctive circumstances and meanings of gestation. Such discussions, in fact, apply to abortion conceptual tools that were designed on the premiss that people are physically demarcated, even as gestation is marked by a thorough-going intertwinement. We cannot fully appreciate what is normatively at stake with legally forcing continued gestation, or again how to discuss moral responsibilities to continue (...)
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  42.  3
    Gait in Children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in a Dual-Task Paradigm.Olivia Manicolo, Alexander Grob & Priska Hagmann-von Arx - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  43.  6
    Exploring Migrants’ Knowledge and Skill in Seasonal Farm Work: More Than Labouring Bodies.Natascha Klocker, Olivia Dun, Lesley Head & Ananth Gopal - 2020 - Agriculture and Human Values 37 (2):463-478.
    Migrant farmworkers dominate the horticultural workforce in many parts of the Minority World. The ‘manual’ work that they do—picking and packing fruits and vegetables, and pruning vines and trees—is widely designated unskilled. In policy, media, academic, activist and everyday discourses, hired farm work is framed as something anybody can do. We interrogate this notion with empirical evidence from the Sunraysia horticultural region of Australia. The region’s grape and almond farms depend heavily on migrant workers. By-and-large, the farmers and farmworkers we (...)
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  44.  80
    Thinking About Reasons: Themes From the Philosophy of Jonathan Dancy.David Bakhurst, Margaret Olivia Little & Brad Hooker (eds.) - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Thinking about Reasons collects fourteen new essays on ethics and the philosophy of action, inspired by the work of Jonathan Dancy—one of his generation's most influential moral philosophers.
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  45.  16
    Topologies for Intermediate Logics.Olivia Caramello - 2014 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 60 (4-5):335-347.
  46.  86
    On Knowing the ”Why': Particularism and Moral Theory.Margaret Olivia Little - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (4):32--40.
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  47.  31
    A Characterization Theorem for Geometric Logic.Olivia Caramello - 2011 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (4):318-321.
    We establish a criterion for deciding whether a class of structures is the class of models of a geometric theory inside Grothendieck toposes; then we specialize this result to obtain a characterization of the infinitary first-order theories which are geometric in terms of their models in Grothendieck toposes, solving a problem posed by Ieke Moerdijk in 1989.
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  48.  34
    Dissociating the Effects of Angular Disparity and Image Similarity in Mental Rotation and Object Recognition.Olivia S. Cheung, William G. Hayward & Isabel Gauthier - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):128-133.
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  49.  11
    Two or Three Lines: A Mixed-Methods Study on Subtitle Processing and Preferences.Agnieszka Szarkowska & Olivia Gerber-Morón - 2019 - Perspectives 27 (1):144-164.
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  50.  15
    Angling for a Stranglehold on the Death Penalty.Olivia Custer - 2012 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 50 (s1):160-173.
    Responding to Elizabeth Rottenberg's invitation to consider good signs, I first raise a question about “good” and “too good” signs by referring to a letter of Louis Althusser's that describes the risk that “too good” signs will be misread. I then turn to the distinction Rottenberg makes between deconstructive signs and Immanuel Kant's historical signs. Borrowing an image from Jacques Derrida's The Animal That Therefore I Am (2008), I suggest that we think of the task of abolition of the death (...)
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